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高中阶段词组分类别归纳


高中阶段词组分类别归纳
一:副词为中心的动词短语归类: 1. up : 1) 向上 pick up 检起 put up 举起 send up 使上升 rise up 起义 look up 抬起头 hold up 举起 take up 拿起 build up 树立 set up 建立 2) 完成,结束 drink up 喝干 eat up 吃光 burn up 烧光 use up 用光 sum up 总结, break up 结束,分解 3) 离开,消灭 break up 拆开,驱散 cut up 切碎 blow up 炸毁 tear up 撕碎 give up 放弃 4) 增加,变强 pick up 振作,加快 turn up 开打,开大, 出现 speak up 大声说 speed up 加速 show up 显现 cheer up 振作起来 5). 变好,改善 bring up 抚育 check up 核对 clear up 清理,晴天 do up 整理 make up 化装, 和解, 弥补 figure up 计算 fix up 修理,整理 take up 从事 6) 关住,锁紧,固定住 shut up 关闭 hold up 延误 keep up 坚持 2). down 1) 向下的位置 hand down 传下来 knock down 撞倒 lay down 放下 let down 放下 pour down 倾盆而下 pull down 拉下 set down 放下 step down 走下来 take down 取下 turn down 拆下,拒绝 lie down 躺下 blow down 吹倒 bring down 打倒 bend down 弯下 bow down 鞠躬 2) 减少(强度,量和体积) die down 变弱,逐渐停止 go down 平静下来 hold down 压低 slow down 慢下来 burn down 烧掉 wash down 冲淡 clean down 弄干净 rub down 擦干净 bring down 降低 3) 停止,减弱 close down 关闭 break down 坏了,中止 settle down 平静下来 cool down 冷静下来 turn down 拒绝 lay down 失望 put down 镇压 4) 写下,记下 write down 写下 copy down 抄下 note down 记下 take down 记下 put down 记下 get down 记下 have down 写下 3 on 1) 继续

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carry on drive on fight on hold on keep on live on sleep on sing on walk on go on hurry on move on read on follow on struggle on insist on 坚持 2) 连上,固定住 turn on 打开 switch on 打开 put on 穿上 try on 试穿 pull on 穿上 hold on 不挂断 take on 呈现 rely on 依靠 depend on 依靠 3) 向前,向上 pass on 传递 get on 上车 hand on 传送 4) 开始某活动 work on 从事 bring on 引起 get on 取得进展 look on 旁观, 观看 call on 拜访 fix on 决心 figure on 打算,希望 get on 进步, 友好相处 4. off 1) 离开 blow off 吹掉 drive off 击退 get off 下车,动身 see off 送行 call off 叫走 let off 放出 take off 起飞 give off 发出 carry off 夺走 2) 去掉,断开 cut off 切断 tear off 扯掉 take off 拿走 come off 脱落 fall off 脱落 shake off 抖落 turn off 关掉 take off 脱掉 shut off 关掉 go off 爆炸 break off 中断 3) 完成,停止 pay off 付清 break off 停止,中断 call off 取消 5. in 1) 进入,向里(into, inside, indoors) break in 闯入,插嘴 breathe in 吸入 burst in 闯入,打断 drop in 偶然拜访 get in 插入,收进 knock in 打入 let in 进入,嵌入 move in 迁入 step in 走进 cut in 插嘴 draw in (火车)进站 2) 加入,记入 book in 登记 check in 签到 count in 记入 fill in 填入 hand in 交上 take in 吸收 6. out 1) 向外(away from the inside, outside) keep out 使在外 take out 拿出 put out 放出,伸出 come out 长出, bring out 拿出 breathe out 呼吸出 eat out 出去吃 get out 弄出 go out 出去 lock out 关在外面 look out 向外看 move out 搬出 point out 指出 pour out 诉说 pull out 拉出 stick out 伸出 spit out 吐出 knock out 敲出 dine out 外出吃饭 drive out 驾车外出 draw out 拉出 see out 送出门去 draw out 出站 let out 放出, 释放 2) 结束,消失,取消 clear out 清除 put out 扑灭 run out 用完 use out 耗尽 give out 耗尽 wipe out 消灭 die out 灭 绝 rub out 擦掉 blot out 除去 blow out 吹熄 carry out 完成, 执行 leave out 省 去 go out 熄 灭 come out 出版,开花 cut out 删去,停止 hold out 坚持到底 sell out 买完 tire out 筋疲力

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尽 wear out 磨损 3) 大声(in a loud voice, aloud) cry out shout out call out 喊,申斥 spell out speak out scream out read out 4) 分发,传开 give out 分发 spread out 传开 set out 出发 hand out 分发 send out 发送 break out 爆发, 逃脱 drop out 离开,退 5) 搞清,弄明白(in or into notice and clearness) find out 找出 figure out 算出, 解决 make out 弄清 come out 出版, 出现 carry out 完成 bring out 发表,说出 7. over 1) 向下(downwards from an upright position) knock over 撞倒 turn over 翻转 bend over 伏身 look over 从…上面看 2) 自始至终,通过, 重复 look over 调查 think over 考虑 see over 查看 talk over 商量 go over 复习 do over 重复 3) 经过 jump over climb over come over swim over pass over walk over move over fly over run over 4) 结束,完成(finished, at an end) get over 结束,熬过 be over 结束 5) 转变,改变 hand over 移交 take over 接管 buy over 收买 come over 过来 get over 战胜,克服 make over 移交 win over 争取过来 turn over 变动,交付 6)由于 cry over 因…哭 laugh over 笑…fuss over 因…着急 8. away 1) 离开(to a distance, to another place) go away 走开 run away 跑开 walk away 走开 ride away 开走 move away 移开 take away 拿走 carry away 运走 clear away 收走 draw away 拉走 get away 逃走,离开 put away 收起来 break away 逃脱 come away 离开 keep away 不准接近 give away 赠送 put away 收起 2) 减少,减弱 burn away 烧尽 die away 消失 pass away 消失 wash away 冲走 wipe away 擦掉

二: 以介词为中心的短语 at 1). at + 名词 表示处于某种状态,进行 at table 在用餐 at peace 处于和平时期 at press 在排印 at work 在上班 at school 在读书 at war

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在交战 at play 在玩耍 2) 动词 +at 表示指向某一目标,达到某地 arrive at 到达 call at 访问某地 laugh at 嘲笑 look at 看着 work at 努力于 catch at 当场抓住 come at 攻击,扑向 fire at 向…开火 shoot at 向…射击 glare at 怒目而视 stare at 注视着 knock at 敲击 smile at 向…微笑 pull at 拉扯 drop in at 顺便参观某地 3).be + 形容词/过去分词 表示情绪、情感的原因,或对某物具有某种感情 + at be angry at 恼怒于 be alarmed at 对…警觉 at astonished at 因……吃惊 be clever at 对……很灵巧 be delighted at 因……而高兴 be disgusted at 厌恶 be disappointed at 失望 be impatient at 对……无耐心 be pleased at 对…… 感到高兴 be surprised at 吃惊 be shocked at 震惊 be terrified at 对……感到恐惧 be quick at 对……很机敏 be skilled at 对……熟练 be bad at 不擅长 be good at 擅长于 4). 其它: at all 根本 at a time 一次 at one time 曾经 at times 有时 at a distance 在一定距离 at a loss 不知 所措 at first 起初 at any cost 不惜代价 at hand 手头 at most 最多 at least 至少 at heart 内心里 at home 在家里 at last 最后 at sea 航行 at will 任意 at present 目 前 at once 马上 the the beginning of 在…的开始 at the end of 在结束 at the sight/sound of 一看到/一听到 about 动词 + about +sth. 表示论及,着手等 argue about 争论 ask about 询问 bring about 带来 chat about 闲聊 care about 在意 complain about 报怨 go about 着手 hear about 听说 inquire about 打听 know about 了解 quarrel about 争吵 set about 开始 talk about 谈论 think about 考虑 worry about 担心 be + 形容词 + about sth 表示为……,对……等,后常接表示原因的词 be anxious about 为…着急 be careless about 对…不关心 be concerned about 关心 be crazy about 为……发狂 be mad about 为…发疯 be nervous about 对……紧张 be excited about 为…激动 be particular about 对…挑剔 be worried about 担心 for answer for 为……负责 ask for 向……要,索取 call for 要求,需要 fight for 为……而战, 争取 be fit for 适合 be good for 有益于 leave for 奔赴 set out for 到 long for 渴望 look for 寻找 make for 到 prepare for 为……作准备 be ready for 准备好 send for 派人去请 thank for 因……感谢 wait for 等待 work for 为……工作,努力 4. of be afraid of 害怕 be capable of 能 be careful of 小心,当心 be certain of 肯定 be sure of 确信 consist of 由…组成 convince sb of 使相信 cure sb of 治好 hear of 听说 be free of 免于 be full of 充满 know of 了解到 be made of 用…做的 remind sb of 提醒 rob sb of 抢夺 speak of 说到 talk of 谈到 take care of 照顾 think of 考虑 be tired of 厌倦 warn sb of 告诫 be worthy of 值 5. with agree with 同意某人意见 be angry with 生某人的气 begin with 从开始 be burdened with 负担 be filled with 充满 be busy with 忙于 catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 compare with 与相 比 be strict with 对某人严格 deal with 处理,应付

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do with 处理 fall in love with 爱上 be familiar with 熟悉 helpsb with 帮助 with one’s help 在… 的帮助下 be lined with 排满了 provide sb with 向……提供 share with 与……分享 talk with 和……交谈 6. from benefit from 受益于 break away from 脱离 be far from 远离,远远不是 die from 死于 hear from 收到…的来信 keep/stop/prevent sb from 阻止 learnfrom 向…学习,从…了解到 be made from 用材料做 separate from 与分离 7.into break into 闯入 turn into 变成 change into 变成 burst into 爆发 divide into 分成 translate into 译成 knock into 撞到 run into 偶然遇到 be made into 做成 三:以动词为中心的动词短语 1, take in take off take on take over take up 1. take in 接受, 吸收, 欺骗理解, 包括, As they didn’t take in what he said, he took all of them in. what he said had not been taken in by the students. 2. take off 脱衣, 起飞, 拿掉, 取消, Don’t take your coat off. The plane will take off soon. 3. take on 披上, 呈现, 具有, 雇用, 承担 With the sun setting, the village takes on a golden look. He is always ready to take on heavy responsibilities. take on large numbers of temporary workers. 4. take over 把. . . 从一地带到另一地, 接收, 接管 Mr. Li has fallen ill, so you have to take over the office work. 5. take up 拿起, 开始从事, 占据, 参加进来 Since he took up Majiang, it has taken up most of his spare time. Worse still, his son has taken it up too. 2,turn into, turn to , turn on, turn up, turn down, turn out, turn off ,turn over, turn to 转向, 变成, 求助于, 致力于 If you run into trouble, you may turn to my friend there for help. turn off 关掉 You must turn the light off when you leave. turn on 开启, 依靠 Every design turned on the chief engineer. turn down (被)向下折转, 拒绝, 降低 He turned town the request of turning the radio down a little. turn up 找到, 发现, 出现, 调高 When the guests turned up, he turned up the music and they began to dance. turn out 结果是,生产 Everything turned out fine. The factory turned out more cell phones than last year. turn over 打翻, 移交给, 翻身 The bus turned over and destroyed the crops in the field. turn into 进入, (使)变成 What can turn a kind young man into a merciless devil? 另类阅读: The weather turned out rainy. In order to avoid the car turning over, he turned the light off and turned on the radio. Suddenly, a boy turned up and turned to him for a lift. He was too kind to turn him down. So he opened the door and turned the back seat into a bed for the boy. 3. work at work on work out 1. work at 从事, 致力于, 钻研(克服困难完成任务) You’ll overcome the problem in learning a language if you really work at it.

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2. work on 继续工作, 设法说服, 影响, 钻研 (努力钻研学问或研制新的技术) The students worked on the texts independently. 3. work out 可以解决, 设计出, 计算出 Have you work out the maths problem yet? 4. let out let in let be let alone let off 1. let out 放掉, 泄露, 放大 The boy let out a cry. 2. let in, 放进, 允许. . . 进入 There is someone at the door. Will you please go and let him in? 3. let be [口]随[它]去 任[它]那样 Let it be! Mother often tells me to let it be. 4. let alone 不管, 不打扰 Let me alone! I’m too busy. 5. let off 放出, 饶恕 I won’t let you off if you make the same mistake again. 6. let down 使失望 I hoped Mr. James would help me, but he let me down. 5. be in, be out, be out of ,be over ,be up, be up to, 1. be in 在家, 上市季节 Is Mrs. Li in? I want him to go shopping with me. You see, peaches are in these days. They are quite cheap at present. 2. be out 开花, 发行, 熄灭, 不在 The light is out. Mr. Li must be out. As his new book is out, he may be advertising it where flowers are out. 3. be out of 没有, 脱离 The wounded are not out of danger yet. 4. be over 结束 The game is over. 5be up 起床,时间到了 Time is up. Be up in two minutes! 6. be up to 做,某人的责任 What is he up to these days? It’s up to you to find it out. 6.break down break in break into break off break out break up 1. break down 坏了, 倒塌, 中止, 垮掉, 分解 Bad luck! Our car broke down near a bridge that had just broken down. The meeting had to break down. 2. break in 闯入, 打断 It’s bad manners to break in when they are chatting. 3. break into 破门而入, 侵占 The bank was broken into. Fortunately, nothing was missing as the alarm sounded in time. 4. break up 打碎, 结束, 衰落, 分解,驱散 The police broke up the crowd who were breaking the windows up. 5. break off 中断, 折断, 突然停止, 脱落 The boy fell when the branch broke off. 6. break out 突发, 爆发 Unluckily, the war broke out against all kind hearts. 另类阅读: After breakfast,the meeting went on but soon broke up/off. A man broke in with the news that the war had broken out. What’s worse, their car broke down on the way back. 7. bring about bring on bring out bring up bring in bring up 教育, 培养 Tom was brought up by his aunt Polly. bring in 挣得, 介绍引进 It’s necessary to bring in modern management. bring back 拿回来, 使回忆起来, 使恢复 The picture brought back our childhood. bring down 打倒, 降低 Can you bring the price down a little? bring about 使发生, 致使 I’m afraid it will bring out some bad influence on the children . bring out 使显示, 出版, 生产, 说出 Can you give me an example to bring out the meaning of this phrase? bring on 引起, 导致, 使发展 I believe the idea will bring our cause on. Would you like to fetch me some paper? You may take some box with you and then bring

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them back. What? They have carried out their plan for the price? Try to bring it down, otherwise, we will have no money to bring in the new equipment, which is sure to bring out disadvantages soon. Anyhow, our work must carry on. 8. call at call for call in call off call on call out call for 要求, 提倡 The project calls for our cooperation. call on 号召, 呼吁, 访问(某人) We will call on him during our stay in Beijing. call at 访问(某地),停靠 I called at the doctor’s just now. call in 召集, 召来, 来访 I’m too busy. Will you call in a doctor, please? call out 大声叫唤 The boy called out, “Stop the thief!” 6. call up 召唤, 使想起, 打电话给 Stay at home until I call you up. call off n. 叫走, 放弃 7. call by 顺道访问 He came to the school and called by his teacher. He made a telephone call in a phone booth just now. He said he would call on us at our office and that he had dialed a doctor’s number and called him in. He was right. We called for a doctor at that time. 9. carry out carry on 1. carry out 完成, 实现, 贯彻, 执行 Through a month’s hard work, he carried out his plan. 2. carry on 继续开展, 坚持 Though he had got a good mark, he still carried on. 10. come about come across come along come by come on come over come to come up 1. come about 发生, 产生 When did the newspaper come about? 2. come across 来到, 偶遇 I was surprised to come across an old friend of mine in Chongqing last week. 3. come along 出现, 发生 If there comes along an opportunity to practice English, do take it! 4. come by 从旁走过, 得到, 取得, 经过 Jobs are hard to come by at present. 5. come on. 突然产生, 跟着来, 上演, 快点,赶快 Come on, boy. The play will come on in no time. 6. come over 过来, 抓住 Come over, boy, Here is an apple for you. 8. come to 达到, 复苏, 想起, 共计 It came to me that the total number came to 3000. 9. come up 走近, 发芽, 被提出,上升, 出现 He came up and told me that the potatoes we sowed had come up. 11. cut down cut in cut off cut up 1. cut down 砍倒, 胜过, 削减 Lots of trees have to be cut down to cut down the price of wood. 2. cut in 插嘴, 插入 The boy was too rude to cut in while we were talking. 3. cut off 切断, 断绝 The power was cut off during the hurricane. 4. cut up 切碎, 使丧气, 胡闹 Mother cut up the meat to make meat balls for us. 12. do up do with do away with do in 1. do up 束起, 重新整修, 收拾齐整, 包好 Do up your bed, your bag and you trousers. We will start soon. 2. do with 利用, 忍受 What can we do with these waste bags? 3. do away with 废除, 弄死 The unfair rule must be done away with at once. 4. do in 欺骗 Mrs. Smith was done in by three cheats whoclaimed that they were collecting money for orphans.

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13. get down get down to get in get off get on get on with get out get over get through get to get up 1. get down (从. . . )下来, 吞下, 写下, 使沮丧 A second failure in getting down the pills got her down. 2. get down to 开始认真考虑 After we got home, we got down to planning the birthday party. 3. get in 进入, 收获, 插入, 陷入 At this moment, the farmers are busy getting in their rice. 4. get off 下来, 脱下, 出发, 动身, 开始 Get your hat off and we will get off for the school soon. 5. get on 生活, 融洽相处, 进展, (使)前进 How are you getting on? I’m getting on well with both my classmates and study. 6. get on with 继续做 He stopped to read a passage, and then got on with his homework. 7. get out 出去, 离开, 逃脱, 泄露, 摆脱 It seems usual that a secret gets out after certain rumors. 8. get over 爬过, 克服, 恢复 Xiao Wang got over both the language difficulties and his disease. 9. get through 做完, 打通 I tried to call Mr. Li, but I couldn’t get through. 10.get to 到达, 接触到 Tom got to Yanan in 1936. 11. get up 起床, 站起来 Mrs. Smith is used to getting up late because she has never been eating breakfast at all. 14. give away give in give out give up 1. give away 送掉, 分发, 出卖 Miss Gao had several English dictionaries, one of which was given away. 2. give in 投降, 屈服, 让步 You’re not beaten yet. Don’t give in so easily. 3. give out 分发, 发出(气味、热等), 用尽, 精疲力竭 The long journey made our energy give out. 4. give up 放弃(念头、希望等), 停止 The thief was too tired to escape, and he had to give himself up. 15. go by go for go in for go back on go into go off go on go out go over go round go up 1. go by (从. . . 旁)走过, 依照, 顺便走访 In my childhood I usually felt that time went by very slowly. 2. go for 去找, 努力获取 The young mother hurried out to go for the doctor for her sick baby. 3. go in for 参加, 追求, 从事, 赞成 Most girls do not go in for football. 4. go back on 背弃 You promised to let me have that. You can’t go back on your word now. 5. go into 进入, 加入, 探究 Please don’t spend too much time going into the details of the story. 6. go off 离开, 去世, 消失 The pain in my left hand seems to be going off. 7. go on 继续下去, 发生, 进行 “What’s going on now?” The man went on telling the story, “he is going on to ask for the girl’s hand.” 8. go out 出去, 熄灭 Make sure all the lights have gone out when you go out. 9. go over (渡过. . . )转变, (对. . . 进行)仔细检查, 润色, 复习 I will go over to Liping’s and go over the lessons with him. 10. go round 到处走动, 顺便去, 流传 When he went around, hefound the scandal had been gone round widely.

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11. go up 上升, 增长, 被兴建起来 With the economy going up, more skyscrapers will go up in the large cities. 16. hand in hand out hand over 1. hand in 交上 All the homework must be handed in before 5 p.m. 2. hand out 把. . . 拿出来, 分发, 施舍 The student on duty should help hand out the exercise books. 3. hand over 移交 People doubted whether the Americans would hand over the sovereignty completely at the end of June. 17. hold on hold out hold up 1. hold on 继续, 不挂断 She told the speaker to hold on while she was going to call the man he wanted to speak to. 2. hold out 伸出, 提供, 维持, 阻止 The supplies of food can hold out for four months. 3. hold up 举起, 支撑, 阻挡, 拦截 Traffic in this street is often held up in the rush hour because it is too narrow. 18. look after look at look down on(upon) look for look out look forward to look into look up look up to look through 1. look after 寻求, 照顾, 关心 The patients seemed well looked after in that hospital. 2. look at 看, 考虑, 着眼于 I used to look at the stars at summer night. 3. look down on 轻视, 看不起 蔑视 People from others countries are looked down on by them. 4. look for 寻找, 期待 The teacher told me that my son was always looking for trouble at school. 5. look out 留神 Look out, or you will hurt yourself. 6. look forward to 期望 期待,盼望 We are looking forward to seeing you next month. 7. look into 调查,浏览, 观察 I’m sorry, but I will look into your complaint at once. 8. look up 向上看, 尊敬, 仰望, 查找 He managed to look the writer’s name up in Who’s Who. 9. look up to 尊敬,仰望 Pupils should be taught to look up to their parents. 10. look through 看穿, 审核, 浏览, 温习 I often look through the titles to see if there is something interesting in the newspaper. 19. make for make out make up 1. make for (尤指匆匆地)走向, 有利于, 倾向于 Early rising makes for good health. 2. make out 书写, 填写, 理解, 辨认出 I can’t make out what you mean. 3. make up 弥补, 虚构, 和解, 化妆 After making up, she set about making up a story which would be made up of five event. The story would make up for the loss she suffered in the accident. 20. pick out pick up 1. pick out 挑选 She picked out a new dress for her daughter at the department store. 2. pick up 捡起, 获得, 收到,用车接人,使恢复精神, 随便地认识, 加速 The medicine he picked up in the chemist’s helped him pick up. He got into the car and picked up the speed. He turned on the radio which picked up BBC. He was going to pick his brother up at the airport. 21. put in put off put on put out put up put up with 1. put in 放进, 插入, 进入 Put in the missing words. 2. put off 推迟, 使不愉快, 搪塞, 脱掉

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The message that the meeting would be put off put him off. 3. put on 穿上, 装出, 假装, 增加, 表演 As he had put on weight, he found it hard to put on the trousers to put on the performance. He put on a smile and said it didn’t matter. 4. put out 熄灭,放出, 伸出, 生产 The fire was put out before it reached the wooden bridge. 5. put up 举起, 留宿, 提名, 建议 He put up his hands to put up the idea that they could put the guest up in the hotel. 6. put up with 忍受, 容忍 We can’t put up with your rudeness. 22. run into run for run out run out of 1. run into 跑进, 撞上, 偶遇, 陷入, 达到 When I ran into the bookstore, I ran into an old friend who I hadn’t seen for ages! 2. run for 竞选, 赶快去请 They are running for the presidency. 4. run out 跑出, 离开, 完成, 被用完 The money is running out. Can you run out and borrow some for me? 5. run out of 用完 We have run out of rice. 23. see off see to see through 1. see off 送行 No one was there to see him off. 2. see to 负责, 注意 This bicycle needs seeing to. You must see to it that it’s safe to ride. 3. see through 看穿, 识破 He tried to play a trick on me, but I saw him through finally. 24. set down set off set up set out 1. set down 放下, 把. . . 归于, 击败, 制定 Would you mind setting me down at the next bus stop? 2. set off 出发, 动身, 使爆炸 The terrorists set off for the building and set off the bomb. 3. set up 设立, 竖立, 架起, 升起 The workers have set up their new machines well. 4. set out 出发, 开始 We set out to finish the design the moment we got to the office.

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