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1.2民用航空专业术语_图文

民用航空专业术语
Civil Aviation Glossary
Version 2.0(2006)
ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

内容说明
第一部分: 民用航空中国国家标准术语 资料来源: 国家标准:源自中华人民共和国国家标准 GB/T 18764-2002
《民用航空旅客运输术语》手册 民航总局:源自民航总局 2004 年民航总局令第 143 号
《中国民用航空统计管理办法》 人民网:http://past.people.com.cn/GB/jinji/20030416/973066.html
第二部分: 民用航空国际标准术语 资料来源: IATA,ICAO,OAG,SITA 业务资料
注:术语表中的@表示新增术语。

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms( C ) 安全检查 摆渡车 班期时刻表 班期输入 办理乘机手续 包舱
包机 包机
包机费 包机合同 包机合同变更 包机业务 包机运输 备降和临时加降
备降机场 被拒绝入境旅客 比例分摊 比例运价 标准运输凭证 病残旅客
不定期航班 不定期客票 不正常航班

term(E)

definitions

source

security check ferry vehicle timetable flight input check in block space charter charter
charter charges charter contract change of charter contract charter business charter transportation
alternate airport inadmissible passenger proportion add-ons standard traffic document incapacitated passenger
non-scheduled flight open ticket irregular flight

为预防危害民用航空安全生产的非法行为,设立安全检查仪器,对旅客和 国家标准

行李进行检查。

往返于航站楼与飞机之间接送旅客的专用车辆。

国家标准

将航空公司的航线、航班及其班期和时刻等按一定次序汇编成的图表或册 国家标准

子。

将对外公布航班的航班号、始发站、经停站、目的站、机型、班期、起降 国家标准

时间及可供销售的座位数和级别舱位布局等输入计算机定座系统。

旅客登机前效验客票、有效证件、托运行李、领取登机牌等程序。

国家标准

某团体根据本团出行人数,按照与承运人约定的条件和价格,包用飞机部 国家标准

分舱位的运输。

根据运输企业预包机人所签订包机合同而进行的点与点之间的不定期飞 国家标准

行。

是指承运人根据与包机人所签订的包机合同,按约定的起飞时间、航线所 民航总局

进行的运输飞行(包机按包用形式划分,可分为整机包用、整座舱包用和

部分舱位、部分座位的包用等。包机架次的统计是指整机包用的架次)。

承运人利用包机的回程(或去程)运载客货,称为回程(或去程)利用。

包机人向承运人交纳的各项费用,包括运费、调机费、留机费等。

国家标准

包机人预承运人签订的有关双方的义务、权利、飞行日期、价格、航程、 国家标准

机型、结算方式等内容的协议。

在签订包机合同后,某移方因故要求变更包机合同内容货取消包机飞行。 国家标准

一种不定期航空运输业务。

国家标准

根据承运人与包机人签订的包机合同进行的运输。

国家标准

由于各种原因,不能按规定航线飞行,到其他机场备降或由于客货组织的 民航总局

需要,经批准,临时加降原航线以外的机场,没有上下客货,均列入原航

段统计。其中飞行里程、运输周转量等涉及飞行距离的指标,计算时均应

按原航段收费距离计算。飞行时间、航油消耗按原航段的平均数计算,超

出的空中时间和油料消耗统计到公务飞行。

飞行计划中列明的,当预定着陆机场不宜着陆时,飞机可前往着陆的机场,国家标准

包括起飞备降机场,航路备降机场和目的地备降机场。

所持护照过期、无签证等原因,被某一国有关部门拒绝入境的旅客。 国家标准

按航空公司达成的协议对联运费率或票价收入所进行的分摊。

国家标准

采用公布的一些城市与注册门户点间的固定数额并将此数额与门户至国 国家标准

外某点公布直达运价相加、获取所需要的两点之间的票价。

一种没有任何航空公司的标识的重型客票。一旦在票证上加盖了承运人的 国家标准

标识,该客票即为标识航空公司的财产。

身体或精神上的残疾或在医病人,在上、下飞机、飞行途中以及在机场地 国家标准

面服务过程中需要他人予以个别照料或帮助而对其他旅客一般无影响的

旅客。

以不固定航班、时刻进行运输飞行的航班。

国家标准

未列明航班、乘机日期和未定妥座位的客票。

国家标准

由于天气或机械故障等原因造成的不能按公布的时间正常飞行的航班。 国家标准

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term(E)

definitions

source

财务费用

finance expense

是指民航运输企业为筹集生产经营所需资金而发生的费用。包括利息支出 人民网

净额(利息支出减利息收入)、汇兑净损失(汇兑损失减汇兑收益)、金融

机构手续费、调剂外汇手续费等。

财务联

audit coupon

客票中标明"财务联"的部分,用于财务记账、审核、结算。

国家标准

餐饮服务

food &drink service

为旅客提供的空中及地面餐食和饮料的服务。

国家标准

残疾人服务

service to the handicapped 为残疾旅客提供的引导、轮椅、餐饮、上下飞机等方面的特殊服务。 国家标准

残疾人服务专用设备facilities for disabled

为残疾旅客准备的轮椅、担架等服务设备。

国家标准

残疾人升降车

lift vehicle for disabled

为丧失行走能力的旅客登机所提供的具有升降功能,并能自动固定车身支 国家标准

架的专用车辆。

操作重量

operating weight

修正后的基本重量与起飞油量之和。

国家标准

常旅客

FFP

经常乘坐某一航空公司航班并参与里程累积奖励的旅客。

国家标准

超大行李

over-sized baggage

超过承运人所规定的最大体积限制的行李。

国家标准

超里程附加费

EMS

非直达航程的各开票点之间的里程(TPM)之和,超过该票价计算组两个 国家标准

计算点间的最大允许里程时,按超里程的比例计算超里程附加费。

超售

over sale

超过航班最大允许座位数的销售。

国家标准

超重行李

over-weighed baggage

超过承运人所规定的最大重量限制的行李。

国家标准

承运人

carrier

填开客票的航空承运人和承运或者约定承运该客票上所载明旅客及其行 国家标准

李的所有航空承运人。

承运人规定

regulations of carrier

承运人为对旅客及其行李的运输进行管理,依法制定而公布的并于填开客 国家标准

票之日起有效的规定,包括有效适用的票价。

城市对 乘机联 迟运行李 出港大厅 出港旅客 出港平均客座率
出港平均载运率
出票差错率

city pair flight coupon delayed baggage departure hall departure passenger departure avg. LF
departure avg. payload
ticketing discrepancy rate

指客票或客票的一部分所规定的可以在其间旅行的两个城市,或者根据货 民航总局

运舱单或货运舱单的一部分所规定的在其间进行货运的两个城市。

客票中标明“乘机联”、 “运输有效”的部分,表示该乘机联适用于指定的两 国家标准

个地点之间运输。

未能与旅客同机到达而由后续航班运输的行李。

国家标准

供出港旅客办理乘机手续、安全检查、卫生检疫、出境以及海关检查等功 国家标准

能的场所。

指由本机场始发的旅客和中转飞机的联程旅客。其中始发旅客指客票确定 民航总局

的以本机场为起点,始发乘机的旅客。联程旅客指购买联程客票在本机场

中转飞机的旅客。

指报告期内机场出港航班承运的旅客数于航班可提供座位数之比。反映机 民航总局

场出港航班座位的利用程度。出港航班座位数应是该航班可提供的全部座

位数,而非只是在本机场可提供的座位。计算公式:

出港平均客座率=∑(出港旅客+过站旅客)×100%

∑航班可提供座位数

指报告期内机场出港航班承运的旅客、货物、邮件重量航班可提供业载之 民航总局

比。反映机场出港航班吨位的利用程度。计算公式:

出港平均运载率=∑(出港载量+过站载量)×100%

∑航班可提供业载

货邮的载量计算按实际过磅重量。

客票销售差错票数与客票销售总票数之比,以万分比表示。 计算公式: 国家标准

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出票承运人

issuing carrier

出票人联 出票时限 除冰车 传送带车 错乘旅客
错运行李 代飞航班的统计 代号共享

agent coupon issuing time limits deicing vehicle conveyer belt vehicle passenger boarding a wrong plane mishandled baggage
code sharing

单程 担架服务 担架旅客 淡季票价 当地货币票价 导盲犬 登机牌 地面服务

one way stretcher service stretched passenger low-reason/peak fare LCF seeing-eye dog boarding pass ground service

地面服务代理人 地区航线 电子客票

ground service agent regional route electronic ticket

调机费 调整舱位座位数 定期航班 定期航班 定期客票 定座 定座服务 定座时限 定座优先权 兑换率

dispatching charges seat class adjustment scheduled flight scheduled flight ticket reservation reservation service reservation limit reservation priority ROE

吨 吨公里成本

tonne CTKs

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

definitions

source

出票差错率=客票销售差错票数÷客票销售总票数×100‰0

填开客票、旅费证并在"填开日期和地点"栏内加盖承运人业务章的航空公 国家标准

司。

客票中标明"出票人联"的部分,供出票部门留存备查。

国家标准

规定的在航班飞机起飞日期之前必须填开客票的最少天数或月份数。 国家标准

装有除冰液用于清除飞机表面冰雪的专用车辆。

国家标准

用于传送行李、货物、邮件的专用车辆。

国家标准

搭乘了不是客票上列明的航班飞机的旅客。

国家标准

未运至行李牌上所列明的目的地的行李。

国家标准

代其他航空公司飞行的航班统计为本公司运量。

民航总局

一家航空公司与另一家航空公司协议允许在其航班上使用自己的代号或 国家标准

两家及多家航空公司在同一 航班上使用各自的航班号。

一种不构成完整的来回程或环程的旅行。

国家标准

为危重的病人上下飞机及机上不能使用座椅而提供担架的特殊服务。 国家标准

在旅行过程中,需要使用担架的旅客。

国家标准

承运人制定适用于淡季运输的价格。

国家标准

以运输始发国为当地货币价格销售的票价。

国家标准

经过专门训练在旅行中为盲人旅客引导的犬类。

国家标准

旅客在办理乘机手续时领取的带有登机信息等内容的乘飞机的识别牌。 国家标准

为旅客登机前提供的地面运输、办理乘机手续、引导、广播、问

国家标准

讯等一系列服务。

从事民用航空运输地面服务代理业务的企业法人。

国家标准

在两个或两个以上的民航地区管理局管辖区域之间的航线。

国家标准

普通纸质机票的一种电子映像,是传统机票的一种替代品。可以实现客票 国家标准

的无纸化存储。电子化的订票、出票、办理乘机手续、登机、结算等过程。

承运人向包机人收取的调用飞机的费用。

国家标准

根据座位销售情况调整各种舱位可供销售的座位数。

国家标准

按规定的航班、日期、时间,从事旅客、行李、货物和邮件运输的航班。 国家标准

是指按向社会公布的班期和时刻运营的航班。包括正班和加班。

民航总局

列明航班、乘机日期和定妥座位的客票。

国家标准

对旅客预定的座位、舱位登机或对行李的重量、体积的预留

国家标准

为旅客提供的提前预定座位和座位再证实的服务。

国家标准

规定的在起飞日期之前必须定座的最少天数或月份数。

国家标准

承运人所规定的,旅客在特定条件下享有的优先定座的权利。

国家标准

每月 15 日为止的美元与所有涉及货币的 5 填平均比价得出的平均汇率, 国家标准 每年公布 4 次,每次有效期为 3 个月。 一公吨等于 2,204.6 磅 指民航运输企业的主营业务成本费用与其所对应的运输总周转量之比,是 人民网 反映民航运输企业单位运输周转量成本水平的指标。计算公式:

吨公里成本=主营业务成本费用(元)/运输总周转量(吨公里)

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吨公里收入

revenue of tonne-kilometers 指运输收入与其所对应的运输总周转量之比,是民航运输企业客货运输实 人民网

际平均运价水平的反映。计算公式:

吨公里收入=运输收入(元)/运输总周转量(吨公里)

多用途票证

multiple purpose document 不同于客票及行李票,具有多种用途的记账运输凭证,是国际航协标准运 国家标准

(MPD)

输凭证之一的有价证券。

儿童

child

开始运输之日年龄已满两周岁但未满十二周岁的儿童。

国家标准

儿童服务

service to child

为儿童提供的特殊照料与服务。

国家标准

返航的统计

在航班飞行中,由于各方面原因造成航班返航,此航班无论飞了多远,该 民航总局

航段的运输量、周转量都不应给予计算。其飞行时间统计为公务飞行。

飞机的重心

center of gravity aircraft

飞机重力的着力点。

国家标准

飞机的重心范围 range center of gravity

飞机所规定的重心位置前移或后移的参数限制范围。

国家标准

aircraft

飞机的重心位置 position center of gravity 飞机中心所在的位置。

国家标准

aircraft

飞机调配

aircraft dispatch

航空运输企业对执行任务的航班飞机进行的调整。

国家标准

飞机日利用率

aircraft daily utilization

每个营运日每架飞机实际之飞行和滑行小时

飞机日利用率

aircraft daily utilization

报告期内在册飞机的平均日生产飞行小时。单位为小时每日

国家标准

飞机日利用率=报告期生产飞行小时÷平均在册飞机数

报告期日历天数

飞机拖车

aircraft tractor

用于牵引或推动飞机滑行的专用车辆。

国家标准

飞行(轮档)小时

指从飞机滑动前撤除轮档起,至飞机着陆停稳后安放轮档止的全部时间, 民航总局

为方便操作,可以计为飞机靠自身动力开始滑动起,至飞行航段结束滑至

停机位置的全部时间,即飞机地面滑行时间和空中飞行时间之和。统计时,

原始数据以时、分为计算单位,汇总以小时为计算单位取整。

飞行班次 飞行里程 飞行里程 飞行小时

Aircraft departures

指航空运输飞行次数。一个飞行班次指航线从始发点到终点的一次飞行, 人民网

以航班号为准,只要是同一航班号,无论其经停点多少,只统计为一个班

次。一条航线的去程和回程分别为两个航班号,各按一个班次统计。

Aircraft kilometers performed 指运输飞行自起点至终点的飞行公里数,为航线中各航段距离的和,以收 人民网

费距离计算。计算公式:

飞行里程=航线里程(公里)×班次

10000

flight distance

指运输飞行的公里数。计算方法为航段距离与在该航段上完成的航班数的 民航总局

乘积之和,航段距离按收费距离计算。原始数据以公里为计算单位,汇总

时以“万公里”为计算单位。计算公式:

飞行里程(万公里)=∑(航段里程(公里)×航班数)/10000

aircraft hours

包括飞机地面滑行时间和空中飞行时间。一个航班的飞行时间,等于该航 人民网

班各航段飞行小时的总合。

飞行小时生产率 (吨公里/时)

指每一运输飞行小时平均所完成的吨公里数,以吨公里/时为计算单位。 计算公式: 飞行小时生产率=报告期运输总周转量(万吨公里)×10000
运输飞行小时

民航总局

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飞行性质

flight type

非托运行李

unchecked baggage

非自愿退款

involuntary refund

分段相加最低组合运the lowest combination



of sector fare

分摊赔偿

proportional compensation

付款时限

pay for time limits

附有登机牌的自动客automated ticket and



boarding pass ( ATB)

按飞行任务书指定的飞行性质统计,汇总时,按正班、加班、包机、专机 民航总局

和其他统计。

除旅客托运行李以外的由旅客自行照管的行李。

国家标准

由于承运人或其他原因致使旅客未能按运输合同完成旅行而引起的退票。 国家标准

采用分段组合的方法计算出最低水平的票价。

国家标准

由两个或两个以上的承运人共同运输的行李,发生不正常情况需要赔偿 国家标准 时,根据各承运人在运输中所承担的客票点里程在总里程中所占的比例分 摊赔偿责任。 规定的在航班飞机起飞日期之前旅客必须交付所有票款的最少天数或月 国家标准 份数。 由承运人或代表承运人在指定的出票机上自动打印的客票,是旅客客票、 国家标准 行李票及登机牌合一的票证。

干线 更改客票

trunk line change of ticket

连接首都和各省会、直辖市或自治区首府所在地的航线,以及连接两个以 国家标准 上的省会、直辖市、自治区首府或各省、自治区所属的城市之间的航线。 由于旅客自愿或非自愿原因,承运人对其未使用客票的航班、起飞时间、 国家标准 舱位所做的更改。

公布直达运价

published through fare

在运价手册上公布的票价。

国家标准

公共航空运输企业 public air transport enterprise 以营利为目的,使用民用航空器运送旅客、行李 、邮件或者货物的企业 国家标准

法人

公务舱旅客行李牌 baggage tag for business 拴挂或粘贴在公务舱旅客行李上的识别标识牌。

国家标准

class

购票时限

ticketing time limits

承运人要求已确认座位的旅客必须购买客票的时限。

国家标准

管理费用

management expenses

是指民航运输企业行政管理部门为组织和管理生产经营活动而发生的各 人民网

项费用。包括管理人员的工资和福利费、折旧、制服费、工会费、业务招

待费、房产税、土地使用税、车船使用税、印花税、技术转让费、无形资

产摊销、职工教育费、劳动保险费、坏帐损失、存货盘亏(减盘盈)、毁

损和报废以及其他管理费用等。

广播服务

broadcasting service

向旅客提供航班动态、旅客须知以及在旅行中的客舱安全、沿途风光介绍、国家标准

娱乐等方面的服务。

国际航班 国际航空运输
国际航线
国际航协票价 国际机场
国际客票

international flight international air transport
international route
IATA fare international airport
international ticket

在国际航线上飞行的航班。

国家标准

根据当事人订立的航空运输合同,无论运输有无间断或者有无转运,运输 国家标准

的出发地点、目的地点或者约定的经停地点之一不在同一国境内的运输。

飞机飞行的始发地点,约定的经停地点和目的地点中有一个以上不在同一 国家标准

国境内的航线。

国家航协运价协调大会商定的旅客票价。

国家标准

可供国际航班使用,并设有海关、边防、公共卫生、动植物检疫、商品检 国家标准

验等机构的机场。

由承运人或代表承运人所填开的运输的出发地点、约定的经停地点和目的 国家标准

地点在一个以上的国家的航空运输的客票。

国际旅客

international passenger

乘坐国际航班飞机出入境的旅客。

国家标准

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terms( C )

term(E)

definitions

source

国内航班 国内航空运输

domestic flight domestic air transport

在国内航线上飞行的航班。

国家标准

根据当事人订立的航空运输合同,运输的出发地点、约定的经停点和目的 国家标准

地点均在一国国境内的运输。

国内航空运输业务权 cabotage

国内航线

domestic route

国内机场

domestic airport

国内客票

domestic ticket

在一个国家内的两地之间载运旅客、行李、货物和邮件的权利。

国家标准

飞机仅在一国国境内飞行的航空线路。

国家标准

仅供国内航班使用的机场。

国家标准

由承运人或代表承运人所填开的运输的出发地点、约定的经停地点和目的 国家标准

地点在同一个国家的航空运输的客票。

国内旅客

domestic passenger

乘坐国内航班飞机或国际航班飞机国内段的旅客。

国家标准

过渡性自动打印客票 TAT/OPTAT

一种多联炭化复写的自动打印客票,客票上的数据可由与定座电脑相连的 国家标准

各种打印机打印出来。

过站登机牌

transit boarding pass

发给过站旅客再次登机用的识别牌。

国家标准

过站旅客

transit passenger

在航班经停地点停留等待,继续旅行的旅客。

国家标准

过站旅客

指仍要乘坐到达本机场的航班(同以航班号)继续其航程的旅客,过站旅 民航总局

客单独计算,但计算吞吐量时只计算一次。

航班班次

flight frequency

航班在单位时间内飞行的次数。通常以一周为计算单位。

国家标准

航班备降

alternate landing

飞机在执行某一地航班任务时,由于天气、航路、机械故障等原因不能降 国家标准

落指定机场而改降至备降机场。

航班变更

flight modification

根据航班取消合并情况或起飞时间、机型变更等信息输入计算机定座系 国家标准

统,做相应调整。

航班动态牌

flight information board

显示航班抵达和出发的信息牌。

国家标准

航班动态信息

flight movement information 为旅客提供的飞机起飞、预计到达、登机、办理乘机手续时间以及进出港 国家标准

航班和航班延误情况等。

航班号

flight number

按一定规则以航空公司代码加阿拉伯数字表示飞机飞行的航班编号

国家标准

航班合并

flight combination

将相同航程的不同航班合并为一个航班的飞行。

国家标准

航班加降

emergency midway landing 飞机在执行某一航班任务时,由于飞机调配、人员急救或其他紧急情况等 国家标准

原因而中途降落。

航班取消

flight cancellation

由于天气或机械故障等原因,承运人决定该航班不再执行飞行。

国家标准

航班预配

advanced payload

在航班飞机预计起飞时间两小时前,根据预售的旅客人数货运部门提供的 国家标准

货物、邮件重量以及机型的承载能力和平衡特性,计算除该机型业务载量,

并预先安排旅客、行李、货物和邮件在飞机各舱的布局。

航班载运率

load factor

飞机执行航班飞行任务时的实际业务载量与可提供最大业务载运能力之 国家标准

比;或完成运输总周转量与可提供最大周转量之比。

航班载运率=航班实际业务载量÷航班最大业务载量×100%…(1)

航班载运率=完成总周转量÷提供最大周转量×100%…………(2)

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terms( C ) 航班载运率

term(E) load factor

航班载重核查 航班中断

flight payload verification

航段 航段
航段运量

segment segment

航节 航空公司

leg airline

航空公司联盟

airlines alliance

航空公司全成本

航空客运收益管理 revenue management

航空器(大中型) aircraft

航空器(小型) aircraft

航空运价

air tariff

definitions

source

航空器执行航班飞行任务时的实际业务载量与可提供的最大业务(商务) 人民网

载运能力(简称最大业载或最大商载)之比。它反映飞机载运能力的利用

程度,是航班效益的重要指标。也是合理安排航、调整航班密度的重要依

据。其计算公式是:

航班载运率=航班实际业载/航班最大业载×100%(1) 或:航班载运率=总周转量/最大周转量×100%(2)

航空器可提供的最大业载是由航空器的最大起飞重量、最大着陆重量、基

本重量、燃油重量、最大无燃油重量等计算出来的。而航空器的最大起飞

重量、最大着陆重量又受到起飞着陆时的气温、气压、跑道长度、净空条

件等因素的影响。所以每次航班航空器可提供的最大业载是不同的,由运

输业务部门计算后确定。计算某一航段的载运率时,使用公式(1)比较 方便。在计算多航段、多航班平均载运率时,应使用公式(2)。其中,最

大周转量是航空器可提供铁最大业载与飞行距离的乘积。

航班飞机起飞前,根据配载情况对所载旅客、行李、货物、邮件进行最后 国家标准

复核和检查。

指未飞完航线全程的航班飞行,统计时按实际已飞的航段计算。例如 民航总局

BJS-WUH-CAN,航班在 WUH 中断,改由其他航班承运,原航段运量按

BJS-WUH 计算,转到其他航班的旅客和货物计为实际承运航班的运量,

如果改公司调飞机继续执行原航班计划,则不统计为航班中断,仍按原航

班统计。

特定航班从旅客登机点到旅客到达点一个或一组顺序的航节。

国家标准

飞机从起飞到下一次着陆之间的飞行。一条航线可以是一个或多个航段。 民航总局

凡航段的两端都在国内的称为国内航段,两端或有一端在国外的称为国际

航段,两端或有一端是香港、澳门的称为地区航段。

指航线中某个航段上的全部旅客、货物、邮件数量。旅客按人为计算单位,民航总局

货邮按吨为计算单位。航段运量于城市对运量统计不同的是:航段运量统

计的是该航段上的全部旅客、货物和邮件数量,即包括始发运量和过站运

量。城市对运量则只统计两个城市间的运量,即始发运量。

任何特定航班按时间顺序两点之间的航行。

国家标准

航空运输企业的法人名称,是从事向旅客提供定期或不定期航班航空运输 国家标准

服务的企业。

两个或两个以上的航空公司为了实现共同的战略目标,通过经济手段所进 国家标准

行的联合或合作,可分产权联盟、经营联盟以及非商业性联盟。

是指民航运输企业为提供航空运输服务而直接和间接发生的各项费用之 人民网

和。包括主营业务成本费用,民航基础设施建设基金和主营业务税金及附

加。

航空公司运用预测和优化等科学手段对价格和座位进行管理,使每一航班 国家标准

的每一航段的每个座位按不同的价格适时销售给不同类型的旅客,从而获

得最大的收益。

指 100 座级(含)以上的航空器。

民航总局

指 100 座级以下的航空器。

民航总局

根据载运旅客、行李所应付的成本和费用,制定的运输价格机器

国家标准

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terms( C )
航空运输 航线 航线
航站楼 合并航班 合同单位定座 核对航班 候补旅客 候补票价 环程 环球程 患病旅客 混合等级运价 货物运输量 货物运输量
货物周转量
货物周转量
货运吨公里 机场费 机场旅客吞吐量 机场吞吐量

term(E)

definitions

source

air transport air route air route
terminal

使用条件。

使用民用航空器从事定期或不定期飞行,运送旅客、行李 、邮件或者货 国家标准

物的运输。

飞机从某一机场飞往另一机场所遵循的空中路线。

国家标准

飞机飞行的 空中路线称为航线。其中,各航段的起止点都在国内的航线 民航总局

称为国内航线;航线中任意一个航段的 起止点在国外领土上的航线称为

国际航线;航线中任意一个航段的起止点在香港、澳门的航线为地区航线

(经香港、澳门飞往外国的航线统计为国际航线)。

为进出港旅客提供成绩以及具有多种地面服务功能的建筑设施。

国家标准

由于载量不足,航班合并飞行,统计时按实际飞行班次统计。例如两个航 民航总局

班合并为一个航班,统计按一个飞行班次统计。

contracted units reservation 合同单位按所签订的合同试试的约定定座。

国家标准

flight verification

对 48 或 72h 内始发的航班、机型、起飞时间和定座情况进行核对。

国家标准

stand-by passenger/go-show 在机场自愿等候空余座位乘机的旅客。

国家标准

passenger

stand-by fare

不允许旅客事先确认座位,只能在有空余座位时才能确认座位的票价。 国家标准

circle trip

从始发地出发前往某地并继续旅行经几个地点后返回到原始发地的旅行 国家标准

航程。

round the world journey

东行或西行同时经太平洋或大西洋的旅行,然后返回到原始发地的旅程。 国家标准

patient

患有疾病能够提供规定的医疗单位出具的适合乘机的诊断证明乘坐飞机 国家标准

旅行的旅客。

mixed class fare

在旅客旅行的航程中存在有一种以上的不同舱位等级的票价。

国家标准

freight

指运输飞行所载运的货物重量。

人民网

freight

指运输飞行所载运的货物重量。货物包括外交信袋和快件。原始数据以公 民航总局

斤为计算单位,汇总时,以吨为计算单位,保留一位小数。统计方法与旅

客运输量相同,每一特定航班(同一航班)的每一货物只应计算一次,不

能按航段重复计算。唯一例外的是,对同一航班上的既经过国内航段,又

经过国际航段的货运,应同时统计为一个国内货物和一个国际货物。不定

期航班运送的货物则每一特定航班只计算一次。

freight tonne - kilometers 是反映货物在空中实现位移的综合性生产指标,体现航空运输企

人民网

performed

业所完成的货物运输工作量。计算公式:

货物周转量(吨公里)=∑{航段货物运输量(吨)×航段距离(公里)}

freight tonne - kilometers 反映航空货物在空中实现位移的综合性生产指标,体现航空运输企业所完 民航总局

performed

成的货物运输工作量。计算单位为吨公里。计算公式:

货物周转量(吨公里)=∑((航段航段货物运输量[吨]×航段距离[公里])

tonne-kilometers performed 飞行公里数乘以吨位货物载运量

airport fee

机场经营者向旅客收取用于机场建设的费用。

国家标准

handling passenger capacity 报告期内进出机场的旅客人数,以人为计算单位。成人和儿童按一人计算,国家标准

of an airport

婴儿不计人数。单位为人次。

handling capacity of an

报告期内航空运输企业使用航空器所承运的进出机场的旅客、行李、货物 国家标准

airport

和邮件的数量。

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terms( C )

term(E)

definitions

source

基本重量

basic operating weight

除业务载重量和燃油重量以外,已完全做好执行飞行任务准备的飞机重 国家标准

量。

集中控制

centralized control

利用计算机定座系统对航班的去程、回程的座位数量输入,座位开放、关 国家标准

闭、清理等工作进行统一的管理。

计件行李

piece concept

按件计收的行李。

国家标准

计算机定座系统 CRS

可以预定座位和/或填开客票,提供班期时刻、座位可利用情况、票价和相 国家标准 关服务等信息的计算机系统。

计算机离港系统 departure control system 具有为航班旅客办理乘机手续,对飞机进行配载计算、航班控制和自动处 国家标准

理电报等功能的计算机实时网络系统。

计重行李

weight concept

按重量计收的行李。

国家标准

加班

additional flight

是指空运企业为满足运量的要求,在已运营的定期航线上临时增加的航 民航总局

班。

检查控制

sales inspecting

利用计算机定座系统在航班起飞前定期对航班座位销售情况进行的检查。 国家标准

交付行李

baggage delivery

承运人核对行李牌的识别联,并将托运行李交付给旅客的全过程。

国家标准

截止办理乘机手续时check-in closed time

承运人规定航班飞机起飞前停止办理乘机手续的时间。

国家标准



进港大厅

arrival hall

供到达旅客提取行李、办理卫生检疫、入境以及海关检查等功能的场所。 国家标准

进港旅客

arrival passenger

指旅程终止于本机场的旅客和联程旅客。

民航总局

酒醉旅客

drunken passenger

由于服用酒精、麻醉品或其他毒品,显然将会给其他旅客带来不愉快或反 国家标准

感的旅客。

救护车

ambulance

配备有必要的医疗设备,用于在紧急情况下救护伤员的专用车辆。

国家标准

救护车服务

ambulance service

为病人提供的从机场至救护场所的急救用车服务。

国家标准

拒绝运输

refused transport

由于安全或其他原因,承运人拒绝载运旅客及其行李。

国家标准

军民合用机场

civil-military airport

可从事民用航空活动的军用机场。

国家标准

开票点

ticketed point

所有开列在旅客客票航程栏〈GOOD FOR PASSAGE〉中的城市,其中 国家标准

包括旅客航程中的始发点、目的地点和中转点。

开票点里程

ticketed point mileages(TPM) 旅客航程中,两个连续票价点的实际里程。

国家标准

可提供吨公里

ATKs

指可提供业载与航段距离的乘积,反映运输飞行中的综合运载能力。计算 人民网

公式:

可提供吨公里=∑[可提供业载(吨)×航段距离(公里)]

可提供吨公里

ATKs

指可提供业载与航段距离的乘积,反映运输飞行中的综合运载能力。计算 民航总局

公式:

可提供吨公里=∑[可提供业载(吨)×航段距离(公里)]

可提供客公里

ASKs

指可提供座位与飞行里程的乘积,是反映运输飞行运载能力的指标。计算 人民网

公式:

可提供客公里=∑{可提供座位数×航段距离(公里)}

可提供客公里

ASKs

指每一段可提供座位与该航段距离的乘积之和,反映运输飞行运载能力。 民航总局

计算公式:

可提供客公里=∑(航段可提供座位数×航段距离)

可提供业载

available payload

指飞机每次运输飞行时,按照有关参数计算出的飞机在该航段上所允许装 人民网

载的最大商务载量。

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terms( C ) 可提供业载

term(E) available payload

可提供座位 可用吨公里 可用吨公里成本

available seats available tone cost of availbale tonne kilometers

可用吨公里收入 RTKs

可用座公里成本 CASKs

可用座公里收入 RASKs

可用座位公里 客公里成本

ASKs CPKs

客公里收入

revenue per RPKs

客机 客机坪 客票

passenger aircraft apron ticket

客票号码

ticket number

客票换开

reissuing ticket

客票签转 客票有效期 客梯车 客源 客运代理人

endorsements validity of ticket stepladder vehicle passenger source passenger agent

客运市场 客运销售代理人

passenger market passenger sales agent

definitions

source

指飞机每次运输飞行时,按照有关参数计算出的飞机在该航段上所允许装 民航总局

载的最大商务载量。

指可以向旅客出手客票的最大商务座位数。

民航总局

飞行公里数乘以收费运载( 乘客和货物) 的可用载运吨位

指民航运输企业的主营业务成本费用与其所对应的可提供吨公里之比,是 人民网

反映民航运输企业单位成本水平的指标。计算公式:

可用吨公里成本=主营业务成本费用(元)/可提供吨公里(吨公里)

指运输收入与其所对应的可提供吨公里之比,是反映民航运输企业收入水 人民网

平的指标。计算公式:

可用吨公里收入=运输收入(元)/可提供吨公里(吨公里)

指民航运输企业的主营业务成本费用与其所对应的可提供座公里之比,是 人民网

反映民航运输企业单位客运成本水平的指标。计算公式:

可用座公里成本=主营业务成本费用(元)/可提供座公里(座公里)

指运输收入与其所对应的可提供客公里之比,是反映民航运输企业客运收 人民网

入水平的指标。计算公式:

可用座公里收入=运输收入(元)/可提供座公里(座公里)

飞行公里数乘以可出售座位数量

指民航运输企业的主营业务成本费用与其所对应的旅客周转量之比,是反 人民网

映民航运输企业单位旅客运输周转量成本水平的指标。计算公式:

客公里成本=主营业务成本费用(元)/旅客周转量(客公里)

指运输收入与其所对应的旅客周转量之比,是民航运输企业实际旅客票价 人民网

运价水平的反映。计算公式:

客公里收入=运输收入(元)/旅客周转量(客公里)

以载运旅客及其行李为主的飞机。

国家标准

在机场内划定的一定区域,用于飞机停放、装卸客货、加油、维护的场地。国家标准

由承运人或者代表承运人所填开的被称为“客票及行李票”的凭证,包括运 国家标准

输合同条件、声明、通知以及乘机联和旅客联。

客票号码印制在客票检验区内,是由航空公司代号、票证类型代号和客票 国家标准

顺序号组成的一组阿拉伯数字。

由于改变航程、座位等级、票价类别等原因,原客票不能继续使用而换开 国家标准

新的客票。

一个承运人将其运输票证转让给另一个承运人的书面授权。

国家标准

承运人规定的客票有效期限。

国家标准

供人员上下飞机使用的能升降有自动固定车身支架的专用车辆。

国家标准

一定时期及一定区域内,选择航空运输方式的旅客情况。

国家标准

在航空旅客运输中,经授权代表承运人从事客运销售或地面服务业务的任 国家标准

何法人。

旅客运输市场的供求情况。

国家标准

从事航空旅客运输销售代理业务的企业法人。

国家标准

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terms( C ) 客座利用率
客座利用率
客座利用率
客座率 空机重量 空中服务 宽体机 垃圾车 来回程 利润总额 连续客票 连续运输 联程客票 联程旅客 联程行李 联程行李牌 留机费 聋哑人服务 漏乘旅客 旅费证

term(E) seat utilization
seat utilization
seat utilization
load factor operational empty weight service in air wide-body aircraft rubbish truck round trip profit conjunction ticket conjunction transport interline ticket interline passenger interline baggage on interline tag stopping at the airport for overhours service to deaf-mute passenger missing flight MCO

definitions

source

是指实际完成的旅客客公里与可提供客公里之比,反映运输飞行中的座位 人民网

利用程度。计算公式:

客座利用率(%)=旅客周转量(万人公里)×100%

可提供座公里(万人公里)

对直达航班的计算公式为:

客座利用率(%)=航班载客人数×100%

航班可提供座位

指实现完成的旅客客公里与可提供客公里之比,反映运输飞行中的座位利 民航总局

用程度。计算公式:

客座利用率(%)=旅客周转量(万人公里) ×100%

可提供客公里(万人公里)

对某一具体航段,可按以下公式直接计算:

客座利用率(%)= 航班载客人数

×100%

航班可提供座位

实际完成的客公里与客提供客公里之比。

国家标准

客座利用率=实际客公里÷可供客公里×100%

某一具体航段,客按以下公式直接计算:

客座利用率=航班飞机旅客数÷航班飞机可供客公里×100%

以收费客公里除以可用座位公里所得的百分比

飞机本身的结构重量。即动力装置重量,固定设备重量,油箱内不能使用 国家标准

或不能放出的燃料重量,润滑油重量,以及降温系统中的液体重量等之和。

在航班飞机上为旅客提供的广播、餐饮、休息、娱乐等方面的服务。 国家标准

机身宽度不小于 4.72m,客舱内部宽度足以用两条通道划分出 3 组纵轴旅 国家标准

客座位,下舱能够载运集装器的飞机。

为运载飞机上所弃废物的专用车辆。

国家标准

从一地出发前往另一地又返回到原始发地的旅程。

国家标准

是指营业利润加上投资收益、补贴收入、营业外收入,减去营业外支出, 人民网

加上以前年度损益调整后的金额。

填开给旅客与另一本客票连在一起,共同构成一个单一运输合同的客票。 国家标准

由几个承运人共同完成的单一合同的运输。

国家标准

列明有两个(含)以上航班的客票。

国家标准

乘坐两个或两个以上航班飞机连续旅行的旅客。

国家标准

按照旅客联程客票连续运输的托运行李。

国家标准

拴挂或粘贴在需要继续运输的中转行李上的行李识别标识牌。

国家标准

在履行包机合同时,因包机人的原因,飞机需在某地停留,而收取的费用。国家标准

专门为聋哑旅客提供的办理乘机手续、引导等方面的特殊服务

国家标准

在航班始发站办妥乘机手续后或在经停站过站时未能搭乘上指定航班飞 国家标准

机的旅客。

由承运人或销售代理人填开的,凭以可为其列明的旅客填开一本相应的客 国家标准

票及行李票或提供服务的票证。

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terms( C ) 旅客舱单 旅客定座单 旅客定座记录 旅客联/收据 旅客满意率 旅客桥 旅客吞吐量 旅客运输 旅客运输量 旅客运输量
旅客运输量 旅客周转量
旅客周转量
旅客周转量 旅游包机

term(E)

definitions

source

manifest

航班飞机上载运的由始发站出发的旅客人数、名单、座位布局及行李件数 国家标准 重量等旅客情况的记录。

reservation form PNR

旅客购票前必须填写的供承运人或其销售代理人据以办理定座和填开客 国家标准 票的业务单据。 旅客的旅行申请记录,包括使定座申请能够被接受定座的航空公司和联运 国家标准 航空公司处理和管理的所有必要信息。

passenger coupon/receipt 客票中标明"旅客联"或"收据"的部分,并始终由旅客持有。 passenger’s satisfaction rate 指旅客对承运人运输服务重量的满意程度。计算公式:
旅客满意率=满意人数÷被征求意见总人数×100%

国家标准 国家标准

passenger bridge

供旅客使用连接航站楼隔离区和飞机客舱的一种封闭式的由机械操作的 国家标准

可调整的通道。

passenger throughput

指报告期内进港和出港的旅客人数,其中成人和儿童按一人次计算,婴儿 民航总局

不计人次。

passenger transport

在约定的时间内将旅客从出发地运送到目的地的运输过程。

国家标准

passengers carried

指运输飞行所载运的旅客人数。

人民网

passengers carried

指运输飞行所载运的旅客人数。成人和儿童各按一人计算,婴儿不占座位 民航总局

不计人数。一个航班的旅客运量表现为飞机沿途各机场旅客的始发运量之

和。其中,机场旅客始发运量是指客票确定以本机场为起点,始发乘机的

旅客。统计时,每一特定航班(同一航班)的每一旅客只应计算一次,不

能按航段重复计算。唯一例外的是,对同一航班上的既经过国内航段,又

经过国际航段的旅客,应同时统计为一个国内旅客和一个国际旅客。不定

期航班运送的旅客则每一特定航班只计算一次。

passengers carried

报告期内航空运输企业所承运的旅客的数量。单位为人。

国家标准

passenger traffic performed 是反映航空运输企业旅客运输工作量的综合性指标,指运输飞行所载运的 人民网

tone-kilometers

全体旅客空中飞行距离的综合。计算单位为人(客)公里或吨公里。计算

公式:

旅客周转量(人公里)=∑{航段旅客运输量(人)×航段距离(公里)}

旅客周转量(吨公里)=∑(航段旅客运输量×旅客重量×航段距离)

航段距离指飞机在两机场之间按规定航行路线,直达飞行的空中距离。

从 2001 年起成人旅客重量按 90 公斤计算,不再计算行李重量。

passenger traffic performed 反映旅客在空中实现位移的综合性生产指标,体现航空运输企业所完成的 民航总局

tone-kilometers

旅客运输工作量。计算单位为人公里(或称客公里)和吨公里。计算公式:

旅客周转量(人公里)=∑(航段旅客运输量×航段距离)

旅客周转量(吨公里)=∑((航段成人数+航段儿童数/2+航段婴儿数

/10)×旅客重量/1000×航段距离)

旅客重量,成人按 90 公斤计算(含行李),儿童、婴儿分别按成人重量的

1/2,1/10 计算。

passenger traffic performed 报告期内运输旅客的人数与运输距离的乘积,单位为客公里。

国家标准

tone-kilometers

是指为方便旅游由旅游部门包用的包机飞行,此类飞行的票价有时还包括 民航总局

食宿以及其他服务费用。

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terms( C )

term(E)

轮椅服务

wheelchair service

轮椅旅客

wheelchair passenger

买方市场

buyer’s market

卖方市场

seller’s market

盲人服务

service to the blind

盲人旅客

blind passenger

每货运吨公里收益 revenue per RCK

每收费吨公里收益 revenue per TKM

每收费客公里收益 revenue per RPK

免除责任行李牌 limited release tag

免费行李额 民航基础设施 建设基金

free baggage allowance Public funds

民用航空
民用机场
目标市场 赔偿费
配餐车 配额控制 配载
票价表 票价等级差额 票价计算点 平衡表
平季票价

Civil aviation
civil airport
target market compensation fee
food supply vehicle quota control load plan
tariff difference of fare class fare construction point payload balance sheet
shoulder period fare

definitions

source

为行动不便的旅客提供轮椅的服务。

国家标准

在旅行过程中,须使用轮椅的旅客。

国家标准

投入的运力大于需求的市场。

国家标准

投入的运力满足不了实际需求的市场。

国家标准

为盲人旅客提供的办理乘机手续(182)、引导等方面的特殊服务。

国家标准

双目有缺陷、失明的旅客。

国家标准

货运营运收入除以货运吨公里

航空业务( 客运和货运) 收入除以收费吨公里

旅客营运收入除以收费客公里

在收运行李时对有运输责任争议的行李拴挂的标识牌,以免除承运人相应 国家标准

的运输责任。

根据承运人规定旅客可免费托运的行李的限额。

国家标准

是在国家财政紧张的情况下,国家对航空运输企业征收的特别基金,用于 人民网

机场、空管等基础设施建设。目前民航基础设施建设基金是按营业收入的

一定比例征收:国内航线 5%(原为 10%),国际及香港、澳门航线 2%(原 为 4-6%)。为了保证收入核算的完整性,在民航运输企业损益表中单列一

项"转作民航基础设施建设基金"项目,作为收入扣减,来反映应上缴国家

的民航基金数。

利用各类民用航空器从事除执行军事、海关和警察任务以外的民用航空飞 国家标准

行活动。

专供民用飞机起飞、降落、滑行、停放以及进行其他活动使用的划定区域,国家标准

包括附属的建筑物、装置和设备及旅客使用的航站楼等有关设施。

企业在分析、判断的基础上,所选择的最有利于企业占领的市场。

国家标准

由于承运人原因造成旅客人身伤害、行李丢失或损坏等所给予的经济补 国家标准

偿。

为飞机的机组、旅客运送餐饮,可升降的专用车辆。

国家标准

航班座位由始发站和中途站分别按配额进行控制并销售。

国家标准

航班始发站根据飞机从本站出发的最大允许业务载重量来陪算运至各有 国家标准

关前方航站的旅客、行李、货物和邮件的重量。

承运人公布的票价以及相关费用的价目表。

国家标准

混合等级票价计算中高等级与低等级间的票价差额。

国家标准

票价计算组的端点,该点标志着所有票价的开始或结束。

国家标准

根据载重表中计算出的各项重量数据及该重量在飞机客货舱中的分布情 国家标准

况,确定该航班飞机的中心位置的图表。

承运人制定适用于平常季节运输的价格。

国家标准

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2006 年

terms( C ) 平均运程
破损行李 普通包机 普通票价 起飞架次
起飞重量 遣返旅客 清洁水车 清理航班 清理配额 区内航线 缺口程 燃油重量 设备完好率 社团包机
升降平台车 实际业务载重量 始发旅客 始发站控制 市场调查 市场分析 市场份额 市场管理 市场规则

term(E)

definitions

source

指旅客、货物。邮件的平均运送里程,以公里为计算单位。计算公式: 民航总局

平均运程(公里)=运输总周转量(万吨公里)×10000 运输量(吨)

其中运输量等于旅客换算重量加货物、邮件重量。

旅客平均运程=旅客周转量(万人公里)×10000 旅客运输量(人)

货物平均运程=货物周转量(万吨公里)×10000

货物运输量(吨)

邮件平均运程=邮件周转量(万吨公里)×10000

邮件运输量(吨)

damaged baggage

在运输过程中,外包装或内装物品可能或已遭受损失的行李。

国家标准

common purpose charter 载运一般旅客、行李、货物和邮件的包机。

国家标准

normal fare

公布的各舱位等级销售票价中的最高票价。

国家标准

Aircraft departures

指飞机在航空运输飞行过程中的起飞次数。起飞次数=飞机的着陆次数或 民航总局

飞行的航段数。调机执行中断飞行客货运输时,其运量和运输“其他”栏

内统计,飞行时间等统计为公务飞行时间。

take-off weight

由修正后基本重量、起飞油量和实际业务载重量组成。

国家标准

deportee

经一国当局同意已合法入境或已非法入境,其后又被该国当局强制离开该 国家标准

国的旅客。

cleaning water supply vehicle为飞机上卫生用水箱自动加注生活用水的专用车辆。

国家标准

flight seat clearance

在规定时间内,对已定妥但未销售的座位进行清理。

国家标准

quota clearance

检查配额利用情况并及时进行调整或在规定时限内收回剩余的座位。 国家标准

local route

一个民航地区管理局管辖区域内的航线。

国家标准

open jaw

航程中两点或两点以上有中断的航程。

国家标准

fuel weight

飞机执行飞行任务所携带的航段耗油量和备份油量。

国家标准

facility readiness rate

设备保证正常运转的程度。计算公式:

国家标准

设备完好率=完好设备台数÷设备总台数×100%

affinity group charter

同一社团(各行业工会、宗教、音乐、体育团体等)的成员以及家属子女 国家标准

为进行考察、科研、集会或参加同行活动的包机。

platform lift vehicle actual payload
departure passenger departure control market survey market analysis
market share market administration
market rule

能垂直升降和水平移动集装器的专用车辆。

国家标准

实际配装在飞机上的业务载重量,包括旅客、行李、货物、邮件重量的总 国家标准

和。

在航班始发站乘坐飞机的旅客。

国家标准

航班座位由各航班始发站控制。

国家标准

对市场信息进行有目的的收集、整理并予以分析和研究的过程。

国家标准

根据客运市场的调查情况,分析研究市场情况、预测市场变化趋势和确定 国家标准

市场的供需变化情况。

在一定时间里,某一航空公司运量占同一市场总运量的百分比。

国家标准

国家和民用航空的主管部门利用行政手段,制定的方针、政策、法规、制 国家标准

度;对航空市场进行干预、协同、指导和管理,以维持市场的正常秩序。

在市场经济条件下,规定的供共同遵守的法规与制度。

国家标准

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terms( C ) 市场机会 市场竞争 市场开发 市场类型
市场潜力 市场渗透 市场细分 市场信息 市场需求 市场宣传 市场营销组合
市场预测
市场战略
收费吨公里 收费客公里 收运行李
售票服务 授权代理人
税款 速运行李 速运行李牌
随机业务文件
锁留座位 特殊旅客服务
特种票价 提供座位数 通程业载 偷乘者
团体旅客

term(E)

definitions

source

market opportunity market competition market development market type
market potential market penetration market segmentation market information market demand market publicity marketing mix

在企业市场营销活动中,能为企业带来利益的机会。

国家标准

为了扩大市场份额各运输企业中间的争胜。

国家标准

开拓新的客源市场、开辟新的航线和扩大销售网络。

国家标准

根据市场上航空运输产品竞争程度,市场结果分为完全竞争市场、完全垄 国家标准

断市场、垄断竞争市场、寡头垄断市场。

在一定的时期内市场可能达到的最大需求量。

国家标准

航空企业进入一个已由部分其他航空公司控制的市场。

国家标准

将整个市场按不同的需求划分为若干个细分市场。

国家标准

反映市场供求的变化情况。

国家标准

一定时期内在一定的价格下,客运市场对航空运输能力的需求。

国家标准

为开拓市场、扩大市场份额,剌激市场需求所做的广告活动。

国家标准

航空公司在市场营销中,综合运用可能的市场营销手段和策略,进行最佳 国家标准

组合,以取得较好的经济效益。

market forecast

在客运市场调查和分析的基础上运用科学的方法和逻辑推理,对客运市场 国家标准 未来可能发展变化的趋势作出定性描述以及定量的估计。

marketing strategy

企业为了有效地发展经营活动,实现其经营目标,在现代市场经营观念的 国家标准

指导下,针对目标市场的需求,全面考虑影响市场营销的各种因素,制定

的有关全局性的谋划,以提高企业的竞争能力。

RTKs

飞行公里数乘以吨位载运量(包括客运及货运)

RPKs

飞行公里数乘以所运载乘客的数量

baggage acceptance

旅客在登机前办理的行李称重、贴挂行李牌以及行李标识并填写行李票等 国家标准

程序。

ticketing service

为旅客提供的客票销售服务。

国家标准

authorized agent

被承运人指定并授权代表该承运人,为其航班代理航空运输业务的企业法 国家标准

人。

tax

按国家规定的税率向旅客征收的费用。

国家标准

expedite baggage

发生不正常运输后,需要迅速转运的行李。

国家标准

expedite rush baggage tag 拴挂或粘贴在速运行李上,注明行李重量、交付日期、始发站、终点站内 国家标准

容的识别标识牌。

traffic documents

机组携带的由总申报单、旅客舱单、货运单、货运舱单、邮件路单、载重 国家标准

平衡图等组成的业务文件。

locked up seat

航班座位开发前或开放后,锁留适当座位供机动使用。

国家标准

service to special passenger 为重要旅客、婴儿、儿童、孕妇、患病、病残等特殊旅客提供的超出一般 国家标准

旅客服务内容的服务。

special fare

低于普通票价,并附有限制条件的票价。

国家标准

available seats

指可供销售的最大(或最多)座位的数量。

人民网

through payload

从航班始发站到航班终点站的最大业载重量。

国家标准

an aerial stowaway

无票非法乘机旅行者,一般利用伪造登机牌混上飞机,或用其他方法在旅 国家标准

客上机前隐藏在飞机上的人。

group passenger

人数在承运人规定范围以上,航程、乘机日期和航班相同并支付相应团体 国家标准

旅客票价的旅客。

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terms( C )

term(E)

definitions

source

团体旅客行李牌 baggage tag for group

栓挂或粘贴在团体旅客行李上的识别标识牌。

国家标准

passenger

团体旅客座位再证实reconfirmation of group

持有已经定妥座位的联程或来回程客票的团体旅客,根据承运人的规定办 国家标准

passengers

理后续航班定座的再次确认。

退包费

charges for canceling charter 包机人要求取消包机合同时,收取的费用

国家标准

退票

refund

退还全部或部分未使用航段的票款或逾重行李费等其他费用。

国家标准

托运行李

checked baggage

旅客交由承运人负责照管、运输并填开行李票的行李。

国家标准

旺季票价

high-reason/peak fare

承运人制定适用于旺季运输的价格。

国家标准

违章行李

baggage in violation of

旅客的托运和非托运行李内装有不得作为行李运输的物品或有关国家规 国家标准

regulation

定的禁止运输、限制运输物品或危险物品等,其整件行李视为违章行李。

问讯服务

information service

向旅客提供有关航班信息、乘机流程、地面及空中的服务工作等方面信息 国家标准

服务。

无成人陪伴儿童 unaccompanied minor

根据承运人规定的年龄限制,满 18 岁以上成人陪伴单独乘机的儿童。 国家标准

无定座记录

no reservation record

旅客持有已定妥座位的客票,而计算机定座系统中没有该定妥座位的记 国家标准

录。

无法交付的行李 undelivered baggage

超过规定的保管期,经多方查询仍无法找到失主的行李。

国家标准

无人认领的行李 unclaimed baggage

航班飞机到达后,无人提取或认领的行李。

国家标准

误机费

no-show charge

由于旅客原因误机导致退票或客票(71-1)变更而收取的费用。

国家标准

误机旅客

no-show passenger

除因承运人原因,造成旅客已定妥座位的航班衔接错失的情形外,旅客未 国家标准

按规定的时间办妥乘机手续或因旅行证件不符合规定而未能乘机的旅客。

衔接错失的旅客 misconnection passenger 由于航班延误或取消,使联程旅客在航班衔接地不能赶上已定妥座位的衔 国家标准

接航班继续旅行的旅客。

限时定座

time limit reservation

在承运人规定时间内定妥座位。

国家标准

限制销售

restricted sale

座位控制部门为避免由于航班短程定座过多,而影响整个航班或长航段旅 国家标准

客定座,对某已航段座位的销售予以限制。

限制运输

restricted transport

对于特殊旅客,只有经承运人预先同意,做出安排方可接受的运输。 国家标准

相同点运价

common rating

适用于二个或二个以上城市之间相同的运价。

国家标准

相同开票点

common ticketed point

在航程中有一对始发地国相同的开票点,或一对目的地国相同的开票点。 国家标准

销售费用

sales enpenses

是指民航运输企业在业务销售过程中所发生的各项费用。包括两部分:一 人民网

是航空公司运输部门的费用,包括驻国内外办事处的费用,二是客货代理

手续费。

协议运价

agreed tariff

两个或两个以上航空公司之间指定并报请各有关国家政府批准的航空旅 国家标准

客运输价格。也指由国际航空运输协会成员谈判议定,并由有关国家政府

批准的国际航空运价。

行李

baggage

旅客在旅行中为了穿着、使用、舒适或便利而携带的必要或者适量的物品 国家标准

和其他个人财物。

行李保管费 行李不正常运输
行李查询 行李的声明价值

baggage storage fee irregular baggage transportation baggage inquiry declare value for baggage

旅客支付的超过承运人规定的免费保管行李期限的保管费用。 行李在运输过程中发生错运、错卸、损坏、遗失等不正常情况。
对不正常运输行李的查找过程。 旅客在托运行李时向承运人声明其行李的实际价值。

国家标准 国家标准
国家标准 国家标准

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terms( C )

term(E)

definitions

source

行李的实际价值 actual value for baggage 行李的市场价值于行李折旧价值的差额。

国家标准

行李牌

baggage tag

拴挂或粘贴在托运行李上的带有编号及始发站、终点站内容的识别标识 国家标准

牌。

行李牌识别联

identification/claim baggage 由承运人出具给旅客专为识别托运行李的凭据。

国家标准

行李赔偿

baggage compensation

运输过程中,由于承运人的原因造成行李损失时,承运人给予旅客的经济 国家标准

补偿。

行李声明价值附加费excess value declaration and 为运输办理了声明价值的行李而收取的费用。

国家标准

charge

行李拖车

baggage trail car

用来牵引行李拖斗车的小型专用车辆。

国家标准

行李拖斗

baggage trailer

装载行李用的无动力的小车。

国家标准

行李运输

baggage transport

将旅客的行李从出发地运送到目的地的运输过程。

国家标准

行李运输出错率 baggage transport

行李运输差错件数与行李运输总件数之比,以万分比表示。计算公式: 国家标准

discrepancy rate

行李运输差错率=行李运输差错件数÷行李运输总件数×100‰0

行李运输事故记录 baggage irregularity report 旅客申报的托运行李发生遗失、破损或内物丢失等情况时填写的记录,它 国家标准

(BIR)

是承运人为旅客查找行李及行李赔偿的依据之一。

修正后的基本重量 revised basic operating weight

在飞机的固定基本重量上增减设备和/或服务用品、随机人员、随机器材等 国家标准 重量后的变动基本重量。

续程承运人 续程航班 学生包机 遗失客票 引导标识 引导服务
饮水车 婴儿 婴儿服务 营业利润
邮件运输量
有效身份证件
有效投诉率
逾重行李 逾重行李费 逾重行李票 预付票款通知

connecting carrier

在连续运输中,承接前一承运人航班飞机上的旅客,继续运输的承运人。 国家标准

connecting flight

衔接上一航程的航班。

国家标准

student charter

在学校注册学习学生,为进行考察学此、集会或参加某项活动的包机。 国家标准

lost ticket

旅客购买客票后,因各种原因造成客票全部或部分遗失或残损。

国家标准

guiding mark

航站楼内为方便旅客而设置的规范的引导标志。

国家标准

guiding service

由专人或设置标牌引导旅客交纳机场建设费、办理乘机手续、安全检查、 国家标准

购物、休息、登机等一系列服务。

drinking water supply vehicle 为飞机上的饮用水箱自动加注水的专用车辆。

国家标准

infant

开始运输之日年龄未满两周岁的婴儿。

国家标准

service to infant

为婴儿提供的特殊照料与服务。

国家标准

operating profit

是指主营业务利润加上其他业务利润,减去管理费用和财务费用后的金 人民网

额。

mail carried

指运输飞行所载运的邮件重量原始数据以公斤为计算单位,汇总时,以吨 民航总局

为计算单位,保留一位小数。统计方法与货物运输量相同。

valid identification certificates 旅客购票和乘机时必须出示的由政府主管部门规定的证明其身份的证件。 国家标准

如:居民身份证、护照、军官证、警官证、士兵证,16 周岁以下未成年

人的学生证、户口簿、出生证等证件。

valid complaint rate

旅客投诉经查实有效件数与旅客投诉总件数之比。计算公式:

国家标准

有效投诉率=投诉有效件数÷投诉总件数×100%

excess baggage

旅客的托运行李和自理行李,超过计重或计件免费行李额部分的行李。 国家标准

excess baggage charge 旅客交运行李超过承运人规定免费行李额重量部分所需支付的费用。 国家标准

excess baggage ticket

承运人向旅客收取逾重行李费的凭证。

国家标准

prepaid ticket advice(PTA)承运人通过电传、商业电报或信函,通知另一地承运人为指定的旅客填开 国家标准

运输凭证的通知单。

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terms( C )
预留配额 原出票承运人 允许超里程优惠
孕妇服务 孕妇旅客 运价输入 运力 运输 运输起降架次 运输事故

term(E)
advanced allocation original issuing carrier extra mileage allowance (EMA) service to pregnant pregnant passenger tariff input capacity transport Aircraft departures accident

运输事故等级 运输总条件
运输总周转量

accident class general conditions of carriage total traffic performed

运输总周转量

total traffic performed

运输总周转量

total traffic performed

运营里程

Aircraft kilometers

载运率

load factor

载运率

load factor

definitions

source

为某航站或某代理人的座位配额进行预留以供其销售。

国家标准

在客票或旅费证的"原出票"栏内列明的航空公司。

国家标准

航程经过某些特定的路线或地点出现开票点里程之和大于最大允许里程 国家标准

时按规定允许超出的里程。

为孕妇旅客提供的餐饮、医疗等方面的特殊服务。

国家标准

在预产期前 4 周乘坐飞机的怀孕旅客。

国家标准

输入适用的城市对各种票价以及使用条件。

国家标准

航空运输企业承运旅客和货物的能力。

国家标准

旅客、行李、邮件、货物位移的过程。

国家标准

指报告期内机场运输飞行起降的次数。起飞和降落各算一架次。

民航总局

在航空运输过程中,由于承运人责任造成人身伤亡或严重经济损失的事 国家标准

件。

对运输事故严重程度进行的分类。

国家标准

航空承运人制定的承运旅客、行李和货物的规定,用以明确合同双方当事 国家标准

人各自的权利、义务以及违反合同时所应承担的责任。

是反映运输量和运输距离即旅客、货物、邮件在空中实现位移的综合性生 人民网

产指标,体现航空运输总的工作量。计算公式:

运输总周转量=旅客周转量+货物周转量+邮件周转量

反映旅客、货物、邮件在空中实现位移的综合性生产指标,体现航空运输 民航总局

工作量。计算单位吨公里。计算公式:

运输总周转量=旅客周转量[吨公里]+邮件周转量+货物周转量,或

=∑(航段载重之和[吨]×航段距离)

报告期内航空运输企业使用飞机承运的旅客、行李、货物和邮件的数量与 国家标准

它们的运输距离乘积的总和,单位为吨公里。

指定期航班运营里程的总长度,以万公里为计算单位。航线里程的统计分 民航总局 为按重复距离计算和不按重复距离计算两种形式。按重复距离计算是指不 同航线的相同航段距离可以重复累加,按不重复距离计算指不同航线相同 航段只统计一次。 指运输总周转量与可提供吨公里之比,综合反映运载能力的利用程度。计 人民网 算公式: 载运率(%)=运输总周转量(万吨公里)×100%
可提供吨公里(万吨公里) 对直达航班计算公式为: 载运率(%)=航班实际业载(吨)×100%
航班可提供业载(吨) 以收费吨公里除以可用吨公里所得的百分比

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terms( C ) 载运率

term(E) load factor

载重表
窄体机 证实定座 支线 直达航班
指定空运企业
质量指标 中间较高点
中间组合单位 中途分程
中途转机点 中转点 中转旅客

payload sheet
narrow-body aircraft reservation verification feeder line direct flight
designated air transport enterprise quality index HIP
NUC stop over
connecting point transfer point transfer passenger

中转行李 重复定座 重要旅客 重要旅客服务 重要旅客行李牌 主营业务成本

transferred baggage duplicated VIP service to VIP baggage tag for VIP Operating cost

definitions

source

指运输飞行所完成的运输总周转量与可提供吨公里之比,综合反映飞机运 民航总局

载能力的利用程度。计算公式:

载运率(%)= 运输总周转量(万吨公里) ×100%

可提供吨公里(万吨公里)

对某一具体航段,可按以下公式直接计算:

载运率(%)=航班实际业载(吨) ×100%

航班可提供业载(吨)

根据飞机载重的各种重量数据,计算出航班飞机最大允许载量和实际运载 国家标准

量的记录。

客舱内部设单通道的飞机。

国家标准

承运人于旅客联系确认是否使用已经定妥的座位。

国家标准

一个省、自治区内各城市间及相邻省、自治区各城市之间的航线。

国家标准

使用单一飞机在两点之间提供运输,即使中间经停,但不改变航班号的航 国家标准

班。

根据协议被指定和获准在规定航线上经营协议航班的航空运输企业。 国家标准

衡量航空运输质量实现程度的量值。

国家标准

在一个票价计算组内,任意两点之间出现的相同等级票价高于自始发地至 国家标准

终点的票价。

国际航协制定的运价计算标准单位。

国家标准

经承运人事先同意,旅客在出发地和目的地间旅行时有意安排在某个地点 国家标准

的旅程间断。

中转点的一种,指旅客在到达该点后的 24h 以内继续旅行。

国家标准

中转旅客换乘航班的地点。

国家标准

乘坐某一航班飞机,在航班的经停地点或目的地点换乘该承运人或另一承 国家标准

运人的航班飞机继续旅行的旅客。

联程旅客托运的需在中转站转机的行李。

国家标准

旅客或团体旅客进行两次或两次以上的相同定座

国家标准

因其身份或社会地位的需要应予以特别礼遇和照料的特殊旅客。

国家标准

为国内外各界重要旅客提供的办理各种手续、休息、登机及机上服务。 国家标准

拴挂或粘贴在重要旅客行李上的识别标识牌。

国家标准

也称运输成本,是指民航运输企业在执行航空运输业务过程中所发生的各 人民网

项费用。包括能直接计入机型成本的直接营运费和不能直接计入机型成

本、需按照一定办法进行分摊的间接营运费。其中:直接营运费:包括空

地勤人员工资奖金津贴及补贴、福利费、制服费、航空油料消耗、航材消

耗件消耗、高价周转件摊销、飞机发动机折旧费、飞机发动机修理费、飞

机发动机保险费、经营租赁费、国内外机场起降服务费、国内外餐饮供应

品费、飞行训练费、客舱服务费、行李货物邮件赔偿、其他直接营运费。

间接营运费:主要为保证飞机安全正常飞行及维修管理部门发生的费用。

机型成本:由于飞机型号不同,所发生的成本是不同的。机型成本指各具

体机型对应的成本。

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terms( C )

term(E)

definitions

source

主营业务成本费用 operating cost & expenses

主营业务利润

operating profit

主营业务税金及附加operating tax and add

助听犬 专机 专机 自理行李 自用包机

hearing-ear dog special/flight special/flight carrying-on articles own use charter

自愿退款 综合旅游包机 总申报单

voluntary refund inclusive tour charter general declaration

最大滑行重量 最大起飞重量

maximum taxiing weight maximum take-off weight

是指民航运输企业为提供航空运输服务而直接发生的各项费用之和。包括 人民网

主营业务成本、销售费用、财务费用和管理费用。

是指主营业务收入减去转作民航基础设施建设基金、主营业务成本、销售 人民网

费用和主营业务税金和附加后的金额。

此项目反映的是航空公司根据实现收入的一定比例计提的营业税、城建税 人民网

和教育费附加总额。

经过专门训练在旅行中为聋哑旅客助听的犬类。

国家标准

执行运送国家元首、政府首脑运输任务的飞机。

国家标准

专机飞行是符合国家规定的重要包机飞行。

民航总局

经承运人同意,运输中由旅客自行照管和限定重量的行李。

国家标准

由于包机人自身的需要和因参加某项特定的活动,载运所属人员货货物的 国家标准

包机。

由于旅客的原因未按运输合同完成旅行而引起的退票。

国家标准

旅游组织者在预定时间内包用单程或来回程的包机。

国家标准

进出国境的航班飞机向有关政府部门申报本次航班飞行路线、机组人数、 国家标准

所载旅客、行李、货物、邮件的有关情况以及飞机卫生检疫等内容的凭据。

根据适航要求所限定的飞机在地面滑行时全部重量的最大限额。

国家标准

根据飞机的结构强度、发动机功率和刹车效能等因素,规定的飞机在加大 国家标准

马力起飞滑跑时全部重量的最大限额。

最大无燃油重量 最大业务载重量 最大允许里程
最大着陆重量
罪犯旅客 座位超定 座位跟踪 座位取消
座位申请 座位再证实

maximum zero fuel weight maximum payload maximum permitted mileage(MPM) maximum landing weight
culprit over booking seat tracking reservation cancellation
seat application reconfirmation

飞机除燃油以外所允许的最大限额重量。 本次航班所允许装在的业务载重量的最大值。 适用的某一票价所允许旅行的最大距离。

国家标准 国家标准 国家标准

根据飞机的起落装置与机体结构所能承受的冲击载荷所规定的飞机着陆 国家标准

时全部重量的最大限额。

受国家现行法律管束的人。

国家标准

超过航本飞机所能提供的实际座位数的定座。

国家标准

航班起飞前定期检查、跟踪旅客定座情况。

国家标准

旅客已定妥座位,未在承运人规定的时限内购票或确认其所定的座位即予 国家标准

以取消。

销售部门根据需要向座位控制部门申请所需座位。

国家标准

持有已经定妥座位的联程或来回程客票的旅客,根据承运人的规定办理后 国家标准

续航班定座的再次确认。

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terms
24 Hour Clock A AB Abacus ABC ABC Islands ABP ABTA ABTA Bonded Accompanied
Accompanied/ Unaccompanied Baggage ACFT/EQT ACI ACS AD ADC Add-on ADL@
Administrating Carrier Adult Advance Timetable Advertising

definitions

source

Telling the time using all 24 hours of the day. Describes part of a ticket type, in this case First Class Discounted Describes part of a ticket type, in this case Super Apex One of the main computer reservation systems. Serves the Asia Pacific Region. Advance Booking Charter. A charter that requires a minimum advance booking period. Collective name for the islands of Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao. These islands are located off the north coast of South America. Able Bodied Passenger. May be selected to sit near the emergency exit on an aircraft. Association of British Travel Agents. Organization which regulates the activities of its member travel agents and protects the interests of consumers. Scheme operated by the Association of British Travel Agents whereby firms pay a bond as a condition of membership. When used for children and infant fares this shall mean the child/infant must be accompanied by an adult paying an applicable adult fare or traveling at industry free or reduced fare tickets. Accompanied baggage is carried in the same vehicle as the passenger (and may be checked or unchecked). Unaccompanied baggage is carried separately as cargo. 机型:Aircraft Type Airports Council International 国际机场委员会 Airport check system 离港系统 Agency Discount Additional collection An amount used only to construct an unspecified through-fare or a mileage distance used to construct an unspecified maximum permitted mileage. The additiona and deletions list is an update list showing passenger changes that have occurred in the reservations system since the dispatch of the flight’s PNL or previous ADL. The list always contains a numeric summary of updated passenger counts, and may include passenger names. The format of the ADL follows that of the associated PNL (minimal or full). The airline which controls the operation of a flight. 成人:A person who has reached his/her 12th birthday as of the date of commencement of travel. Issued by a transport operator in advance of its period of operation. Useful for planning purposes but need to be aware that it may still be changed. Any limitations on advertising shall not preclude the quoting of such fares in company tariffs, system timetables and air guides.

OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG IATA
OAG
OAG OAG 缩写 OAG 缩写 IATA IATA
OAG IATA OAG IATA

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terms

definitions

source

AF Agent(E-ticketing)@ Agent Agent, authorized
AHC AHL@ AHM Air bridge Air Passes
Aircraft
Aircraft Configuration Aircraft departures Aircraft hours
Aircraft kilometers Aircraft movement
AIRIMP
Airline

Applicable fare means an accredited Passenger Sales Agent location having direct access to one or more System Providers/Servicing Carriers An entity appointed by the carrier to make sales on its behalf. A passenger sales agent who has been appointed by the carrier to represent such carrier in the sale of air passenger transportation over the services of that carrier and, when authorized, over the services of other air carriers. Airport Handling Committee(IATA) Lost baggage Airport Handling Manual(IATA) Corridor attached to the plane door to enable them to board or disembark between the aircraft and terminal building. These are designed for travelers who want to take many domestic flights in one country (i.e. the USA). The flights all need to be on the same airline and have to be bought outside the country they will be used in. The passes are made up of a minimum number of flight coupons - usually 3 - although more can be bought at the same time. A transport vehicle which is certified as airworthy by a competent aeronautical authority. As used herein, the definition may include surface vehicles, the bookings and traffic handling for which are dealt with in a similar manner to that used for aircraft. Planned utilization layout of aircraft interior space. the number of landing s made or flight stages flown. Aircraft hours are to be reported to the nearest hour and to be based on ‘block to block’ (i.e. from the definition may include surface the moment the aircraft is pushed back from the gate or starts taxiing from its parking stand for take-off to the moment it comes to a final stop at a gate or parking stand after landing). the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of revenue flight stages flown by the corresponding stage distance. arrival and departures shall be counted separately, i.e. one arrival and one departure shall be counted as two movements. Local aircraft movements, i.e. movements of aircraft which take off and land at the same airport within a short period of time, may be excluded, in which case this should be noted on the form. ATC/IATA Reservations Interline Message Procedures - Passenger: The sole reference source of universally agreed upon communications standards for the handling of Passenger Reservations Interline Messages. The AIRIMP standards are used in million of transactions between Travel Agency and Airline systems and by Airline to Airline systems. An enterprise operating aircraft for commercial purposes which (1) performs scheduled or non-scheduled air transport services, or both,

缩写 IATA IATA IATA OAG SITA OAG OAG OAG
OAG
OAG ICAO ICAO
ICAO ICAO
IATA
IATA

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terms

definitions

source

Airline Code Airline designator code Airline, issuing Airport Apron Airport Art Airport Code
Airside All-Cargo Aircraft Alliance
Alliance
All-Inclusive Allowance, free baggage Alternative Tourism
AM Amadeus Amtrak Antipodean Day AOC AP

which are available to the public for carriage of passengers, mail and/or cargo and (2) is certified for such purposes by the civil aviation authority of the state in which it is established. Every airline, air company or air carrier is allocated a unique two letter code e.g., British Airways uses BA The two-characters or three letters which identify particular air carriers. See carrier, issuing Hard surfaced area used for the landing and taking off of aircraft. Name given to souvenirs on sale at airports Every airport has a unique three letter code。 Example AMS for Amsterdam. For cities with more than one airport, there will be different three letter codes for the city and the airports. Some 3 letter codes indicate other city points such as QWC for Berlin Zoo Rail Station. Area beyond the passport and security check areas. A version of an aircraft type which carries cargo and mail only. Three or more airlines participating in a commercial relationship or joint venture, where (1) a joint and commonly identifiable product is marketed under a single commercial name or brand; (2) this commercial name or brand is promoted to the public through the airlines participating in the alliance and its agents; and (3) the commercial name or brand is used to identify the alliance services at airports and other service delivery points. A term for airlines that have grouped together - formed an alliance - to give them a stronger identity and larger market share. Where two or more airlines collaborate in for example offering loyalty rewards. examples are StarAlliance, Oneworld and Skyteam. Package holiday which includes transportation, accommodation, meals and drinks (as specified). The baggage which may be carried without payment of a charge in addition to the fare. Refers to terms of tourism that seek to avoid adverse and enhance positive social, cultural and environmental impacts and perceived as alternative to mass tourism. Ante Meridian, used in 12 hour clocks for the period between midnight and midday. One of two main European computer reservation systems Name used by the US National Railroad Passenger Corporation Day 'gained' by crossing the International Date Line. Also called Meridian Day. Air Operators Certificate. Describes part of a ticket type, in this case Apex

OAG IATA IATA OAG OAG OAG
OAG OAG IATA
OAG
OAG IATA OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG

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terms
APEX Apex fares
Apollo Applicable fare
APT ARC ARCS Area1
Area2
Area3
ARINC Arrival Times Arrivals
ARS ARV
ARV ASK

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

Advance Purchase Excursion Fares. Reduced price fares available on many routes. The fares must be purchased a certain number of days in advance of traveling and normally have lots of restrictions on them. US computer reservation system The normal or special fare to be applied by taking into account all conditions relating to the passenger and his/her travel. For fare construction purposes, a fare which is established after the application of all fare construction calculations, e.g. excess mileage fare, higher intermediate fare but excluding related charges e.g. amounts to be annotated with ‘S’ or ‘Q’. Airport Airlines reporting corporation Airline Routing and Connections Service All of the North and South American Continents and the islands adjacent thereto, Greenland, Bermuda, the West Indies and the Islands of the Caribbean Sea, the Hawaiian Islands (including Midway and Palmyra). Europe (as defined below), Africa and the island adjacent thereto, Ascension Island and that part of Asia west of Ural mountains, including Iran and the Middle East. Asia and the island adjacent thereto, except the portion included in Area 2; the East Indies, Australia, New Zealand and the island of the Pacific Ocean except those included in Area 1. Aeronautical Radio Incorporated All timetables give the time that the flight will arrive in local time. The area of the airport where people leaving a plane pass through immigration, collect their baggage, pass through customs and arrange their transport into the city. On domestic flights, they may simply collect baggage and leave the airport through Arrival Airline Reservation System Agents refund voucher. A voucher used by all approved/accredited Passenger Sales Agents when a refund is due in the re-issuance of an accountable traffic document of issuance of a ticket(s) against a PTA. The Voucher shall be a document of the same airline as that of the new ticket(s). It shall be drawn on the airline whose traffic document was originally issued and that airline will be responsible for arranging interline adjustments with the carrying and/or reissuing airline(s). Agent refund voucher 代理人退款单 Seat-kilometers available. Number of passenger-seats available for sale on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. Seas not actually available for the carriage of passengers because of the weight of fuel or other load should be excluded from the calculations.

IATA OAG
OAG IATA
OAG 缩写 OAG IATA
IATA
IATA
OAG OAG OAG
OAG IATA
缩写 IATA

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terms

definitions

source

ASK
ASK ASK ASM ASM Assembly point ATA ATA ATB ATB (Automated ticket/ boarding pass )
ATC ATC ATK
ATK ATKs
ATM ATOL ATPCO Automated ticket Availability

可供座公里:The sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of passenger-seats available for sale on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. Seats not actually available for the carriage of passengers because of the weight of fuel or other load should be excluded from the calculations. Available seat kilometres. A transport measure calculated as the product of the number of aircraft seats available for sale and the kilometres flown. Available Seat Miles. A transport measure calculated as the product of the number of aircraft seats available for sale and the miles flown. Ad hoc Schedules Message
(Ad Hoc Schedule). A variation, addition or cancellation from the basic schedule of one or more flights on single dates. A point in the itinerary where the entire qualifying group assembles and commences transportation as a group. Air Transport Association of America 美国航空运输协会 Air transportation association 航空运输组织 Automated ticket and boarding pass The form of automated ticket and boarding pass. It is a single copy non-carbonised ticket (normally on card stock) with each coupon imprinted separately. Each coupon used for air transport is comprised of a flight coupon and a detachable passenger coupon and boarding pass for a specific flight. One coupon is issued as the passenger receipt which together with all passenger coupons and boarding passes builds up the passenger copy of the Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check. Air Traffic Control Air travel card (Tonne-kilometers available). The sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of tones available for the carriage of revenue load (passengers, freight and mail) on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. 可利用吨公里:available tonne kilometers the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of tonnes available for the carriage of revenue load (passengers freight and mail) on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. Automated Teller Machine (also known as Cash Points) Air Travel Organisers' Licence. Must be obtained from the Civil Aviation Authority before air packages can be sold. Airline Tariff Publishing Company A form of Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check designed for issue in various printing devices for which data is computer generated. Indicates whether there are seats for sale on a particular flight. Most websites selling air travel allow you to check whether any particular flight is full or it seats can still be bought - or are 'available'.

ICAO
OAG OAG IATA OAG IATA OAG 缩写 缩写 IATA
OAG 缩写 ICAO
缩写 ICAO
OAG OAG 缩写 IATA OAG

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B BAA Bach

terms

Back to Back Fares/Tickets

Baggage

Baggage Allowance

Baggage check
Baggage Claim Area Baggage Hold Baggage Master Baggage tag

Baggage, checked Baggage, excess Baggage, unchecked Bagtrack Bar code
Bareboat Charter Basing Point BB

definitions

source

Describes part of a ticket type, in this case 'Economy Class Discounted'. British Airports Authority A beach or lakeside holiday home in North Island New Zealand, called a Crib in the South Island. In booking tickets in this way the traveler can save money on two return trips to the same destination by the same traveler. Also known as Cross Ticketing. The equivalent to the term ‘Luggage’, means such articles, effects and other personal property of a passenger as are necessary or appropriate for wear, use, comfort or convenience in connection with his trip. Unless otherwise specified, it includes both checked and unchecked baggage of the passenger. The free luggage allowance an airline will carry for each traveler. Travelers are able to take more luggage by paying an Excess Baggage Charge. Depending on the route the allowance will either be by piece (numbers of bags or cases) or by weight. Those portions of the ticket which provide for the carriage of passenger’s checked baggage and which are issued by carrier as a receipt for the passenger’s checked baggage. Area in an airport where passengers collect their accompanied checked baggage The part of the plane where the baggage is stored. The traveler's luggage is handed over at the Check In desk at the departure airport. Person who control baggage handling on a ship A document issued by the carrier solely for identification of checked baggage, the baggage(strap) tag portion of which is attached by the carrier to a particular article of checked baggage and the baggage(identification) tag portion of which is given to the passenger. The equivalent to ‘registered luggage’, means baggage of which the carrier takes sole custody and for which carrier has issued a baggage check. That part of baggage which is in excess of the baggage which may be carried free of charge. A baggage of which the passenger retains custody. Worldwide computerised system used by most major airlines for tracing lost air passengers luggage. A machine readable coding system using black lines of various thickness, alternating with blank spaces applied in optical systems to control reading or represent characters. An arrangement whereby a yacht or another vessel is hired without a crew or supplies for a specific period. A location to and from which air fares are established. Describes part of a ticket type, in this case 'Eurobudget'.

OAG OAG OAG OAG IATA
OAG
IATA
OAG OAG OAG IATA
IATA IATA IATA OAG IATA
OAG OAG OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

26

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

BBR
BCBP Berth
Between… and… BHC BIDT Biometrics Blacklisted document
Blackout dates Block Spacing
Blocked-off charter
blocked-space arrangements block-off charters
Board Point Booking Booking BSA

(Banker buying rate). The rate at which, for the purpose of the transfer of funds through banking channels (i.e. other than transactions in bank notes, travelers cheques and similar banking instruments), a bank will purchase a given amount of foreign currency in exchange for one unit (or units) of the national currency of the country in which the exchange transaction takes place. Bar-coded boarding passing (a) a permanent, built-in, full length bunk; (b) sleeping accommodation converted from normal day time sitting accommodation which for each berth (b) either requires more than one seat or renders more than one seat
unusable. Either in one or in the other direction between two given places or areas. One way back haul check 单程回拽检查 Billing (booking) information data tape 订座开账信息数据带 A process that identifies people by their physical characteristics. E.g, finger-printing, retina scans etc.生物测定 An accountable traffic document that cannot be honoured because they has been reported lost, stolen, fraudulent or otherwise suspicious. Any carrier which honours such document after notification (including endorsed documents) shall not be entitled to payment of the fares and charges due in connection therewith, provided that the documents concerned fulfilled the document security requirements. Certain days or periods when travel at specified fares is not permitted, unless otherwise stated. 包座:An allocation by one airline to another of a number of seats on some of its flights, which the airline sells to the traveling public through its own marketing and distribution system. 全包机:The whole capacity of an aircraft is blocked off for charter sale on flights published as scheduled flights but carrier out as charter flights on the same or similar routing and operating time. a number of passenger seats and/or specified cargo space purchased by an air carrier for the carriage of its traffic on an aircraft of a second air carrier. the whole capacity of an aircraft is blocked off for charter sale on flights published as scheduled flights but carried out as charter flights on the same or similar routing and operating time. 出港站:Station of embarkation. See ‘reservation’. The final transaction at which a passenger and airline make the contract for travel on a flight (Blocked-space arrangements). A number of passenger seats and/or specified cargo space purchased by an air carrier for the carriage of its traffic on an

IATA
缩写 IATA
IATA 缩写 缩写 OAG IATA
IATA OAG
IATA
ICAO ICAO
OAG IATA OAG IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

27

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

BSP
BSR
Budget Airlines
Bulkhead Busboy Business Days C CAA Cabin
Cabin Cruiser Cabin Lift Cable Car CANX/DEL Capacity Limitation Agreement Cargo Carousel Carriage Carriage, international
Carrier
Carrier

aircraft of a second carrier. (Billing and Settlement Plan). A method of providing and issuing traffic documents and of accounting and setting accounts between airlines and accredited travel agents adopted as a Billing and Settlement Plan for any particular country or group of countries.
(Bankers selling rate). The rate at which, for the purpose of the transfer of funds through banking channels (i.e. other than transactions in bank notes, travelers cheques and similar banking instruments), a bank will sell a given amount of foreign currency in exchange for one unit(or units) of the national currency of the country in which the exchange transaction takes place. Also known as 'No Frills' or Low Cost' Airlines. They operate schedules (regular timetables) in the same way as the larger airlines, but with lower fares. They fly on shorthaul routes and sometimes in and out of less popular airports. 隔离区:A Rigid partition On a cruise ship, the person who clears the table during a meal. In the context of Airport Co-ordination/Advice Procedures, business days refers to business days in the country of the message originator. Describes part of a ticket type, in this case 'Business Class'. Civil Aviation Authority 机舱:Inside area of the aircraft. Usually there are separate cabins for First Class travelers, Business Class travelers and one or more cabins for Economy Class travelers. A power driven vessel with one or more cabins providing living and sleeping accommodation - used for leisure purposes. American name for cable car. A means of transport for getting up mountains. Cancel(lation)/delete An agreement between carriers, commonly airlines, stipulating the maximum capacity to be offered by each carrier on a particular route. Any goods carried on an aircraft A circulating conveyor belt on which baggage is delivered The equivalent to the term ‘transportation’, means carriage of passengers and/or baggage by air, gratuitously or for hire. (except for the purpose of the Warsaw Convention)the carriage in which, according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure and any place of landing are situated in more than one State. As used in this definition, the term ‘State’ includes all territory subject to the sovereignty, suzerainty, mandate, authority or trusteeship thereof. The air carrier issuing the ticket and all air carriers that carry to undertake to carry the passenger and/or his baggage there-under or to perform any other services related to such air carriage. Another term for the airline or company that operates flights from one airport

IATA
IATA
OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG IATA IATA
IATA
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

28

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Carrier identification plate Carrier, forwarding
Carrier, issuing Carrier, new receiving Carrier, operating
Carrier, original receiving Carrier, participating CAT Catamaran CBD CCP CDW Certificate of Airworthiness Certificate of Seaworthiness Certified (death or illness) CF Change of equipment en route
Change of gauge en route Charge

to another. The term is used in many legal documents. (sometimes referred to as ‘identification plate’) means a plate supplied by an airline to an agent fur use in the issue of traffic documents under a BSP. Carrier responsible for the condition which creates a need for involuntary change in the passenger’s journey; on missed connections the carrier on whose flight a passenger is originally ticketed to be carried to a connection point is the forwarding carrier. The equivalent to airline, issuing, is the carrier whose air waybill to ticket is issued. A new carrying carrier selected for onward carriage by the forwarding carrier from the point where involuntary change of routing becomes necessary. The airline actually providing carriage or other services incidental to such air carriage. The operating carrier may be different from the marketing carrier in situations where bilateral agreements exist, e.g. code share agreement. The carrier on whose flight a passenger is originally ticketed to be carried from a connection point. A carrier over whose routes one or more sections of carriage under the air waybill or ticket is undertaken or performed. Clear Air Turbulence. The disturbance caused to an aircraft when flying through inclement weather or air pockets A twin hulled ship or boat Commercial Business District. American term to describe the commercial area of a town or city (also called downtown in the USA) Currency of country of payment(付款国货币) Collision Damage Waiver. An additional insurance available when hiring a car to insure against accidental damage. Document issued by a national civil aviation authority to certify that an aircraft satisfies its safety and other criteria. Document issued by a national maritime authority to certify that a ship satisfies its safety and other criteria. Substantiated by a death/medical certificate. Constructed fare A scheduled change of aircraft, occurring at least once en route, that is identified by one airline designator/flight number between the station of origin and destination point. Example: Delta flight 107 ravels from point A to point B to point C. There is a change of equipment at point B, from a 727aircraft to an L1011 aircraft. Although passengers must physically change aircraft, their flight number remains the same (DL107) throughout the journey. See change of equipment en route. An amount to be paid for carriage of goods or excess baggage based on the applicable rate for such carriage; or an amount to be paid for a special or

IATA IATA
IATA IATA IATA
IATA IATA OAG OAG OAG 缩写 OAG OAG OAG IATA 缩写 IATA
IATA IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

29

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Charge, cancellation
Charge, excess baggage Charge, local Charge, published Charge, valuation Charges, combination of Charter Charter Airlines
Check digit
Check In
Checked baggage Child
CIP Circle Pacific Fare
Circle trip
City Code City pair
City Pair

incidental service in connection with the carriage of a passenger, or baggage. The service charge made by reason of failure of a passenger to use reserved accommodation without having cancelled such accommodation prior to the latest appropriate time for cancellation specified by the carrier. A charge for the carriage of excess baggage. A charge which applies for carriage over the lines of a single carrier. A charge, the amount of which is specifically set forth in the carrier fares or rates tariff. A charge for carriage of baggage, based on the declared value for carriage of such baggage. An amount which is obtained by combining two or more charges. The hire of an aircraft. An aircraft which has been hired by one or more operators, usually for the package holiday market. Most seats are sold only as return flights for 7 or 14 night stays. The flights sometimes depart and arrive at inconvenient times and passengers are unable to change their bookings. Seats are normally sold with accommodation. A digit added to a given number to check the accuracy of the number. The modulus 7 check digit used with document numbers is the remainder of the division of the number to be checked by 7. Describes both the action and the area in the airport. The passenger goes to the check in desk for the airline they are traveling with and the check in staff then take and tag large items of luggage which then get taken to the plane. Some cities have check in facilities in the city centre. See baggage, checked. A person who has reached his/her second birthday but not his/her 12th birthday(2-11 inclusive) as of the date of commencement of travel, paying children’s fare. Commercially Important Person A special fare offered by some Pacific carriers which allows passengers to fly to Pacific Rim destinations (Australia, Asia, North and South America) usually including four stopovers. Additional stopovers available at an extra cost, one condition is that the passenger must travel in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. Travel from a point and return thereby by a continuous, circuitous air route, including travel comprising two fare components but which do not meet the conditions of the round trip definition. Three letter code unique to every city. Example, HKG for Hong Kong. Two cities between which travel is authorized by a passenger ticket or part of a ticket (a flight coupon) or between which shipments are made in accordance with a shipment document or a part of it (freight bill or mail delivery bill). The origin and destination cities of an aircraft flight.

IATA
IATA IATA IATA IATA IATA IATA OAG
IATA
OAG
IATA IATA
OAG OAG
IATA
OAG IATA
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

30

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

City-pair Claim Class Class Override Clearing Bank
COC Code Share Code sharing
code sharing
COM COM Combination (of fares)
Commercial Duplicate Flight Common interest group

two cities between which travel is authorized by a passenger ticket or part of a ticket (a flight coupon) or between which shipments are made in accordance with a shipment document or a part of it (freight bill or mail delivery bill). A written demand for compensation, prepared and signed by on behalf of the passenger, and in the case of baggage, containing an itemized list and value of goods for which compensation is being requested. Segregation of passengers according to the fare paid or facilities and services offered. Class which overrides that from a previous board point The bank or other organization appointed under BSP to perform all or some of the following functions: - to receive Sales Transmittals from Agents, - to extract and process data there from, - to render billings to Agents, - to receive remittances from Agents and - to perform such other functions as are prescribed in the BSP rules. Clearing bank also means ‘ Processing Centre’ where the context so permits. Country of commencement of transportation. The country from which travel on the first international sector takes place. Term used when two airlines share a flight operation. There are two flight numbers, but only one aircraft. Exists when (a) one carrier operates a flight on behalf of another, using that carrier’s airline designator in the flight number; (b) two or more carriers jointly operate a flight under one or more airline designators. the use of the flight designator code of one air carrier on a service performed by a second air carrier, which service is usually also identified ( and may be required to be identified) as a service of, and being performed by, the second air carrier. Comment Country of origin minimum Whenever two or more OW or RT half RT fares are used and shown separately in a fare calculation. Combinations are only permitted with fares with by their won terms are combinable. Fares used in combination are to be shown separately on the ticket. A flight where the operating airline allows seats/space to be sold by one or more than one airline and all participants to such an agreement sell their seats/space on that flight under their own flight designator. Adult passengers who have a bona fide common interest in traveling together by the same routing to the same destination. The common interest must be other than that of qualifying for the discount.

ICAO IATA OAG OAG IATA
IATA OAG IATA
ICAO
OAG 缩写 IATA
OAG IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

31

terms
Compartment Component Composite flight
Computer generated document number@ Computer reservations system (CRS)/system provider@ Conditions of carriage Conditions of contract Configuration Conjunction ticket Conjunction Tickets
Connecting carrier Connections/ Connecting Services Consequential damages
Consolidator Constructed fare
Container COP Co-terminal

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

A space designated within the aircraft for the carriage of passengers or dead load. a fare portion of a pricing unit/journey. A flight composed of two or more member flights of any type, that is identified by an airline designator/flight number combination different from any from any of the member flights. Example: AC flight xxx, from A to C, is the composite flight of AC flight YY from A to B, plus AC flight ZZ from B to C. It is a document number that is computer generated and printed on the document at the time of issue. The airline code and form code may be pre-printed, with the serial number being computer generated. means a computerised system containing information about schedules, availability, fares and related services, and through which reservations can be made and/or tickets issued, and which makes some or all of these facilities available to subscribers. The terms and conditions established by a carrier in respect to its carriage. The terms and conditions shown on the Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check. See Aircraft Configuration Two or more tickets concurrently issued to a passenger and which together constitute a single contract of carriage. A set of two or more airline tickets to cover a single itinerary. The tickets are stapled together and issued at the same time, which constitutes a single contract of carriage. A carrier to whose services the passenger and his baggage are to be transferred for onward connecting transportation. Indicates that on a particular route, the traveler will have to change planes and flight numbers - make a transfer connection - at an airport enroute. Also known as Transfer. damages which are reasonable out of pocket expenses and other provable damages incurred by the passenger as the consequence of the loss/damage/ delay in the delivery of such personal property. A travel agent who offers discounted airfares. Unspecified through fares created by 1) the use of add-ons 2) two fares shown as a single amount in a fare calculation and shown as ‘C/’. See Unit Load Device Country of payment check two or more relatively adjacent airports, which for the purpose of these fares, will be considered the same point.

OAG IATA IATA
IATA
IATA
IATA IATA OAG IATA OAG
IATA OAG
IATA
OAG IATA
OAG 缩写 IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

32

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms
Counterfeit document
Country of payment
Country of unit origin Coupon, flight Coupon media @ Coupon, passenger Coupons Coupon status ind. @

definitions

source

One which is represented to have been printed on behalf of and authorized by a carrier, but which has not been printed on behalf of or authorized by the carrier named or shown thereon as the issuing carrier, including counterfeited neutral documents showing a carrier’s name. If, in good faith, a carrier honours a genuine document issued against a counterfeited document or part thereof, such carrier is entitled to all interline payments attached to the reissued genuine document. The country where payment is made by the purchaser to the carrier or its agent. Payment by cheque, credit card or other banking instruments shall be deemed to have been made at the place where such instrument is accepted by the carrier or its agent. The country in which the unit origin is situated. That portion of a ticket annotated ‘ good for passage’ or a segment(s) of an electronic ticker. means a code used in connection with the "Issued In Exchange For" data element to identify if the flight coupon(s) being exchanged is "P" for paper or "E" for Electronic, i.e., 9991234567890/234/EEP The portion of the Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check that constitutes the passenger’s written evidence of the contract of carriage. The documents that make up an air ticket. There is a separate coupon for each 'leg' or part of the journey. As the traveler boards each plane, the relevant coupon is taken by the airline. indicates the current status of the flight/value coupon, e.g. open for use, flown. The following indicators are valid: A3 Airport Control B Reserved for future Industry use (Interline Billing) C3 Checked-In E2 Exchanged/Reissued F3 Flown/Used I1,3 Irregular Operations (used to notify the Validating Carrier that the Marketing Carrier is extending the length of time it will maintain control of a coupon (beyond the 48 hours) due to an irregular operation situation) L3 Lifted/Boarded N Coupon Notification O Open for Use P Printed R2 Refunded S1,4 Suspended (Security/Fraud/Possible or identified fraudulent transaction) T Paper Ticket Note: Indicates that the sale transaction was issued as a paper ticket with a computer generated ticket number. V Void (All coupons)

IATA
IATA
IATA IATA IATA IATA OAG IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

33

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

CPE CPM CPM (coupon miles) Crewed Charter Cross Ticketing
CRS
CRS CRS subscriber
CRS supplier
CT CT construction
CT Normal fare
CT Special fares

X Print Exchange 0-9 Reserved for on-line use only FOOTNOTES: 1 Coupon may not be used 2 Status set by Carrier or from a message generated by a CRS on behalf of an agent. The result may be a Refund/Exchange Authorisation (REA) and/or Settlement Authorisation Code (SAC). 3 Status to be set by Carrier only 4 Status to be set by Validating Carrier only Paperless cargo Common point minimum check CPM= coupons of segment × TPM of segment An arrangement in which the hire of a yacht or another vessel includes the crew. In booking tickets in this way the traveler can save money on two return trips to the same destination, by the same traveler. Also known as Back to Back Ticketing. (Computer reservations system). A computerized system containing information about schedules ,availability, fares and related services and through which reservations can be made and/or tickets issued, and which makes some or all of these facilities available to subscribers. Computer Reservation System 订座系统 A person or entity other than an airlines using a CRS under contract from a CRS supplier for the sale of air transportation products and/or other related services. Any entity and its affiliates that own in whole or in part a CRS. Currency of the country of payment The currency in which international fares from the country are denominated. Circle trip 1.The fare for a CT shall be the lowest combination of half RT fare components for sections of the itinerary starting the calculation from the unit origin. 2. All fare components shall be applied in the direction of travel. Exception: Any fare component terminating in the country of unit origin is applied in the direction from that country. 3. Where more than one normal fare is published for the carrier(s) and class of service used, the lower / lowest level may be used. Travel from a point and return thereto by a continuous, circuitous air route, including travel comprising two fares components but which do not meet the conditions of the round trip definition. Travel from a point and return thereto by a continuous, circuitous air route, comprising only two international fare components which do not meet the conditions of the round trip definition.

缩写 缩写 IATA OAG OAG
IATA
OAG IATA
IATA 缩写 IATA
IATA
IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

34

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

CTM CUSS D

terms

Daily Damage

Data

Data Element

Date of transaction Days

DCS Deadhead Deadline

Declared value for carriage
DEI Denied Boarding Compensation

definitions

source

Circle trip minimum check Common use self-service Indicates the fare type, Business Class Discounted. As part of a fare type, indicates Economy Discounted Fare. Every day of the week, including Saturday and Sunday. Includes death, injury, delay, loss, partial loss or other damage of whatsoever nature arising out of or in connection with carriage or other services performed by the carrier incidental thereto. A representation of facts, concepts or instructions in a formalised manner suitable for communication, interpretation or processing by human beings or by automatic means. A data element is a sequence of alpha-numeric characters which, depending on their specific context and position, has a unique meaning, e.g. Flight Designator, Days of Operation The date of issuance of the ticket, MCO or PTA. Full calendar days, including Sundays and legal holidays, provided that for the purpose of notification, the balance of the day upon which notice is dispatched shall not be counted, and that for purposes of determining duration of validity, the balance of the day upon which the ticket is issued or flight has commenced shall not be counted. Departure control system 离港系统: is an automated method of performing check-in, capacity and load control and dispatch of flights@ Aircraft or another vehicle traveling without passengers or cargo, or airline or another carrier's employee traveling free. Reservation: the minimum/maximum number of days/ months before the day of departure by which reservations must be confirmed. Ticketing: the minimum/ maximum number of days/ months before the day of departure or the minimum/ maximum number of hours/days after reservation by which payment and ticketing must be completed; issue date of a PTA constitutes the ticketing date. Death certificate A death certificate of copy thereof duly executed by the competent authorities, i.e. those designated to issue death certificates by the applicable laws of the country concerned, in the country in which death occurred. The death certificate or copy thereof shall remain on the carrier’s files for a period of not less than two years. The value of goods or baggage declared to the carrier by the passenger for the purposes of determining charges or of establishing the limit of the carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay. Data Element Identifier Payment by an airline to a passenger with a confirmed reservation for a specific flight not honoured by the airline. Commonly given as a result of overbooking

缩写 缩写 OAG OAG IATA OAG OAG IATA IATA
IATA OAG IATA
IATA OAG OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

35

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Departure
Departure control system@ Departure Times Departures
Deportee DES/DESI/DESIG Destination Destination Direct flight Direct Flight
Direct route Direct route fare Direct transit passengers Direct transit passengers
Directing routing Discounted Fares

The day/time of the flight on which the passenger is booked/ticketed to travel. Note: 1) before departure: the definition refers to the first flight of the pricing unit. 2) After departure: the definition refers to subsequent flights of the pricing unit. 离港系统:Is an automated method of performing check-in, capacity and load control and dispatch of flights. All timetables give the time that the plane will depart in local time. The area of the airport used by people catching a plane. The departure halls of the airport are in two parts, the first part contains the check in desks (landside), and the second part may only be used by people boarding the planes (airside) A person who had legally been admitted to a country by its authorities or who had entered a country illegally, and who at some later time is formally ordered by the authorities to be removed from that country. An Airline Designator code The ultimate stopping place of the journey as shown on the passenger ticket. The travelers final arrival city. A journey or itinerary can have many destinations but each flight sector has only one. Any flight ticketed as a single flight coupon, irrespective of whether there are enroots stops and/or changes of aircraft types. Where the plane goes directly from the departure city to the arrival city and the traveler does not need to change planes. Sometimes a direct flight makes an intermediary stop where the plane lands at an airport enroute, but if the passenger doesn't have to change flights, its still known as a direct flight. The shortest all year route operated by a carrier in both directions between ticketed points at which it exercises traffic rights. The fare over the direct route between two points. When no direct route fare exists between two ticketed points a fare must be established by combination over a ticketed point on the itinerary. Passengers who were onboard the flight when it arrived and who stay onboard for continuation of their directional journey. the number of passengers who continue their journey on a flight having the same flight number as the flight on which they arrived. Passengers in direct transit should thus be counted only once. Other transit passengers and stop-over passengers will be counted twice: once as embarked passengers and once as disembarked passengers. The shortest route operated by any carrier in both directions between two ticketed points. Those offered by scheduled airlines which are lower than the fully flexible fares. These fares have rules that may limit the length of stay at the destination and that also limit changes and refunds.

IATA
IATA OAG OAG
IATA OAG IATA OAG IATA OAG
IATA IATA IATA ICAO
IATA OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

36

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Disembarked passengers
DISH@ distance
DMC DNOJ Document number Domestic
Domestic Airline Domestic carriage Domestic fare
Domestic Flight Leg DOT Downtown
Drop Off
Dry Dry Lease DST DST Dupe/Duplicate Leg
Duplicate Leg

the number of passengers whose air journey terminates at the reporting airport, including the number of passengers, other than those passengers whose direct transit passengers, who will continue their air journey. Data Interchange Specifications Handbook airport-to-airport great circle distances should be used at least for international services. The IATA publication World Air Distances may be used in determining such distances. Directional minimum check Double normal fare open jaw The unique identification number of a traffic document comprised of the airline code, form code, serial number and, in some cases, a check digit. A flight that takes off from one airport and lands at another airport in the same country. i.e. New York to Los Angeles is a domestic flight as both airports are in the USA. An airline operating services entirely within one country Travel in which, according to the contract of carriage, the points of departure, stopover and destination are within one sovereign state. A fare applicable between points in the same country. Electronic coupon: An electronic flight coupon or other value document held in carrier’s database. A flight between two stations to which the same ISO country code applies. Department of Transportation(美国运输部) Term used for the commercial district of a city. In some cities it also means the shopping and entertainment district. Car hire/rental companies usually have rental offices at both the arrivals airport and downtown. Term used by Car Hire/Rental companies for the return of the hired car to a rental office of the company. Usually the car is taken back to the same rental office from which it was hired, although it is possible to return the vehicle to a different office if that suits the travelers itinerary better - you would normally expect to pay a fee for this. Indicates a country or airline where alcohol is not available. Some Middle Eastern airlines are dry on some routes but not on others. 干租:Refers to the leasing of an aircraft only. 参见湿租:wet lease 夏时制:Daylight Saving Time Daylight Saving Hours. In order to make better use of daylight hours, some countries adjust their clocks during the summer months. A single, non-operational leg of a flight that, for commercial/technical reasons is displayed under more than one flight number by the operating carrier, or is displayed by a different Airline Designator/Flight Number by an airline other than the operation. a single, non-operational leg that, for commercial/technical reasons, is displayed under more than one flight number by the operating carrier, or is

ICAO
缩写 ICAO
缩写 缩写 IATA OAG
OAG IATA IATA
OAG OAG OAG
OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG
IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

37

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Early Bird Rate ECAA Economy Cabin EDIFACT EE EFP Eighth Freedom
EJT or EFT Elder hostel EMD@
Electronic coupon @ Electronic Ticketing
Electronic Ticketing system
EMA Embarked passengers
EMD Empty Leg
EMS EMU

displayed by a different airline designator/flight number by an airline other than the operating carrier. Equivalent to Through. A discounted rate for booking early European common aviation area For travelers with Economy Class tickets. On an aircraft, there may be two or more Economy Class cabins. Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport (United Nations) As part of a fare type, indicates 'Excursion Fares'. Equivalent fare paid 第八航权:Eight freedom . Also called cabotage and almost no country permits it. Airline cabotage is the carriage of air traffic that originates and terminates within the boundaries of a given country by an air carrier of another country. Elapsed journey time or elapsed flying time. US study programmes for people over 60 which enables them to learn with travel experiences Electronic miscellaneous document means an electronic record issued by a Member or its authorised agent, in accordance with applicable tariffs, for the issuance of the Excess Baggage Ticket, Miscellaneous Charges Order. Electronic Miscellaneous Documents issued in conjunction shall be considered a single electronic record. means an electronic Flight Coupon or other value document held in Carrier's database A method to document the sale of passenger transportation (Electronic Ticket) and related services (electronic miscellaneous documents) without requiring the issuance of paper value documents. It means the Itinerary/Receipt issued by or on behalf of Carrier, the Electronic Coupons and, if applicable, a boarding document.@ An automated method, including equipment, programmes and procedures, which has access to airline PNR data, stored in a CRS or airline reservation system for the issuance of Electronic Tickets. Extra mileage allowance 允许超里程优惠 机上旅客:the number of revenue and non-revenue passengers whose air journey begins at the reporting airport, including the number of disembarked passengers, other than those direct transit passengers, who are continuing their air journey. Electronic miscellaneous document 电子杂费证 An empty flight between two consecutive scheduled stops E.g. occurs when a charter flight takes passengers in one direction but returns empty rather than waiting for a return load. Excess mileage surcharge 超里程附加 Economic and monetary union

OAG 缩写 OAG OAG OAG 缩写 IATA
OAG OAG IATA
IATA IATA
IATA
缩写 ICAO
缩写 OAG
缩写 缩写

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38

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

En Route End-on combination Endorsement ET
ETA ETL@
E-ticket ETKT Euro Domino Pass Eurobudget Fares
Excess Baggage Charge Exchange order
Excursion Excursion Fares
F FAA Fare
Fare Basis/Fare Type Fare component
Fast Track

Between station of origin and station of destination. Equivalent to Through. Combination of pricing units at a fare construction point (except as provided in local combination of fares between the same points). The transfer of authority required when a passenger with an international ticket wishes to rebook to a carrier other than the carrier shown on the ticket.
(Electronic Ticket ). Itinerary/receipt issued by or on behalf of the carrier, the electronic coupons and, if applicable, a boarding document. For BSP: an electronic record issued by an approved location, in accordance with applicable tariffs for the issuance of the passenger ticket. Estimated Time of Arrival 预计到达时间 Electronic Ticket List is a type B EDIFACT message sent by a ground handler to the operating carrier of a flight detailing the electronic coupons that have been placed in flown status An electronic ticket which enables automated check-in at the airport. Electronic ticketing 电子票 Unlimited travel rail ticket for those resident in Europe for at least six months, available in first or standard class. Discounted tickets which are valid for one year and have no minimum stays. Once the reservations are confirmed an the tickets issued, no changes to dates can be made without paying extra charges. An extra charge made by the airline if the travelers baggage exceeds the free allowance. A document issued by a carrier or its agents requesting issue of an appropriate Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check or provision of services to the person named in such document. Can either be an organised trip taken whilst on holiday or a discounted air fare. Economy return fares which are cheaper than full economy fares and more expensive than Apex and Pex fares. These fares have minimum and maximum stay rules but some changes to dates may be made. Indicates the fare type, First Class. Federal Aviation Authority The amount charged by the carrier for the carriage of a passenger and his allowable free baggage and is the current fare which a carrier in the publication it normally uses to publish fares, holds out to the public, or the appropriate segment of the public, as being applicable to the class of service to be furnished. 运价基础:Code that shows the type of fare that a traveler has paid for. 运价组:A portion of an itinerary between two consecutive fare construction points. If the journey has only one fare component, the points of origin and destination are the only fare construction point. An express transit facility available to First and Business Class passengers at some airports

OAG IATA IATA IATA
OAG IATA
OAG 缩写 OAG OAG
OAG IATA
OAG OAG
OAG OAG IATA
OAG IATA
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

39

terms
FBTD@ FBP FCP FCR FFP FFP Fifth Freedom
FIM
First Freedom Flag Carrier Flag of Convenience
Flexible Fares
Flight Flight coupon Flight coupon Flight interruption Flight number Flight Numbers

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

Fare basis/ticket designator Fare break point 运价分裂点 Fare construction point Fixed conversion rate 固定兑换率 常旅客:Frequent Flyer Programme. Where airlines offer rewards to regular travelers with the airline and its partners.
(Frequent Flyers). Travelers who belong to airline Frequent Flyer Programmes. 第五航权:Fifth freedom .Sometimes referred to as ‘beyond rights’. It is the right to take on passengers, mail and freight destined for the territory of any other contracting State and the right to set down passengers mail and freight originating in the territory of any other contracting State. This also means the right to enplane traffic at one foreign point and deplane it in another foreign point as part of continuous operation also serving the airline’s homeland. (Flight interruption manifest ). A document which may be issued when it is necessary to reroute passengers on an involuntary basis and time or circumstances do not permit the reissuance of the original flight coupon(s) at the point where the involuntary rerouting takes place. 第一航权:First freedom. The right to pass over the territory of the signatory States without landing. A carrier designated by a government to operate international services. Practice of shipowners registering their ships in countries other than those of their own ports for such reasons as avoiding taxes, government regulations, high wage rates and manning requirements. The types of fares where the passenger can change their flight dates and some of the stopovers during a journey. These fares are available in all classes at a higher price than the restricted fares. The operation of an aircraft on a flight stage or number of flight stages with the same flight number. 票联:That portion of a ticket annotated ‘good for passage’ or a segment(s) of an Electronic Ticket. Each component part of a ticket containing separate travel authority for subdivisions of the total covered by the passenger ticket. 航班中断:This occurs en route when a flight diverts to a city which is not a published/scheduled landing of the flight in question. 航班号:The numerical designation of a flight. Letters and numbers unique to each flight. Flight numbers always begin with two letters which indicate the airline. Example, flight number MS865 is the flight number that Egyptair (MS) uses for their flight from Bangkok, Thailand to Cairo, Egypt.

缩写 缩写 缩写 缩写 OAG OAG IATA
IATA
IATA OAG OAG
OAG
ICAO IATA ICAO IATA IATA OAG

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terms
Flight stage
Flight, inaugural
FLT/Flight Fly-Cruise Fly-Drive FOID@ Forwarding Member@
Fourth Freedom Free sale agreement

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

A flight stage is the operation of an aircraft from take-off to its next landing. A flight stage is classified as either international or domestic based on the following definitions: International: A flight stage with one or both terminals in the territory of a State, other than the State in which the air carrier has its principal place of business. Domestic: A flight stage not classifiable as international. Domestic flight stages include all flight stages flown between points within the domestic boundaries of a State by an air carrier whose principal place of business is in that State. Flight stages between a State and territories belonging to it, as well as any flight stages between two such territories, should be classified as domestic. This applies even though a stage may cross international waters or over the territory of another State. a) operation of an air service over an entirely new route; b) operation of an air service over an existing route with an extension at either the origin and/or destination points; c) Operation of an air service to a new intermediate point; or d) Operation of a new type of aircraft different from that previously operated by the carrier on the route. The operation of one or more legs with the same Flight Designator A package which includes flights and a cruise. A package which includes flights and a hire car. is an abbreviation (also an SSR) for Form Of Identification 1. In the case of a flight interruption en route: the Member and/or non-IATA carriers responsible for the condition which creates a need for an involuntary change in the passenger's journey, due to a flight interruption/diversion en-route; 2. In the case of involuntary re-routings: the Member and/or non-IATA carriers responsible for the re-issuance of the original flight coupons or for the issuance of a Flight Interruption Manifest. This may be the carrier responsible for the involuntary rerouting or the carrier acting on its behalf. 第四航权:Fourth freedom . The right to take on passengers, mail and freight destined for the territory of the State in which the aircraft is registered. In this case an airline from one country may land in a different country and board passengers traveling to the airline’s own country. 自 由 销 售 协 议 : Bilateral or multilateral agreement between carriers which permits immediate confirmation of space in accordance with terms of agreement without necessity of maintaining space availability information.

ICAO
IATA
OAG OAG OAG IATA IATA
IATA IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

41

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms
freedom of the air
freight tonnes carried
FRID From … to … FTK FTP Full Economy/ Business/First Class Fares Funnel Flight
Funnel Flight (参见表后)

definitions

source

航权:Currently there are generally considered to be nine freedoms of the air. Although these operations are called ‘freedoms’, the are not necessarily available to an airline. Most nations of the world exchange first and second freedoms through the International Air Services Transit Agreement. The other freedoms to the extent that they are available, are usually exchanged between countries in bilateral or multilateral air services agreements. The eight and ninth freedoms (cabotage) have been exchanged only in limited instances. Under current law, and especially the 1944 Chicago Agreement, international air transport is governed by the principle of national sovereignty, and this places legal restrictions on air traffic. To remove these restrictions, liberalization involves establishing a number of ‘freedoms’, as defined in legal literature an, in some case, international agreements. These freedoms are usually identified by an ordinal number, rising according to the degree of liberalization. The technical freedoms established by the international agreement on the transit of air services. 货物重量:the number of revenue freight tonnes carried should be obtained by counting each tonne of freight on a particular flight (one that has the same flight number throughout the trip of the shipment) only once and not at each individual stage of that flight, with the single exception that freight flown on both the international and domestic stages of the same flight should be counted as both a domestic and an international shipment. Radio Frequency Identification(用于机场托运行李管理) Application in one direction between two given points. Freight tonne kilometers 货运吨公里 File Transfer Protocol 文件传送协议 Tickets are completely flexible and refundable. Stopovers are allowed and there is no minimum stay and the tickets are usually valid for one year. 漏斗航班:A flight composed of two or more member flights which is identified by the Airline Designator and Flight Number of one of the members. Only one Airline Designator/Flight Number is operational on any one leg but a leg may have multiple, non operational Flight. Also known as Complexing, Starburst, W or Y flights. as known as "complexing", "starburst", shared, "W" or "Y" flights. Means a flight composed of two or more member flights which is identified by the airline designator and flight number of one of the members. Only one airline designator/flight number is operational on any one leg, but a leg may have multiple, non-operational flight numbers. Example: Legs AD, BD and CD are each members (with Leg DE) of funnel flights ADE, BDE and CDE. Legs AD and DE comprise segment AE(ADE), and are identified by the member flight number DL123, Legs BD and DE comprise segment BE (BDE), and are identified by the member flight number DL456. Legs CD and DE comprise segment CE (CDE), and are identified by the

IATA
ICAO
缩写 IATA 缩写 OAG OAG OAG
IATA

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42

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Gap
Gateway Gateway GBTA GDS GIT Giveaway
Global indicator GMT
Go-show
Graduity Ground handling / ground handler@
Ground transportation GRT GSA
GSA H Health Information

member flight number DL789. Leg DE is not identified by flight number DL456 when it is not a member of segment BE (BDE). Leg DE is not identified by flight number DL789 when it is not a member of segment CE (CDE). It continues to be identified as DL123 when it is point-to point from D to E. That part of an itinerary (except the distance between two airports serving the same city) involving transportation by means other than by a scheduled service. 门户港:first point of arrival or last departure in a country or an area. The first point of entry into a country. Guild of Business Travel Agents. Collective name of the various systems used to make travel reservations. Global Distribution Systems. Collective name of the various systems used to make travel reservations. Group inclusive Tour Fares. 团队包价旅游运价 Anything given gratuitously by a carrier, whether or not paid for by the carrier, to a passenger, other than air carriage from airport of departure to airport of destination. 免费样品 The global routing applicable to the fare. Stands for Greenwich Mean Time, the time against which hours are measured around the world. Also known as SCT, Standard Clock Time. Behind the scenes, all airlines operate their schedules in GMT - often called Zulu time. is airline industry jargon for the situation where a passenger is presented to a ground handler during the period a flight is open for boarding without a ticket. The passenger may arrive without a pre-existing booking, or may have a booking without ticket details. @ See ‘Standby passengers’. Another word for 'Tip' offered to those who provide a service. E.g, a waiter in a restaurant. is the process/organization that deals with passengers and their baggage at an airport during check-in and boarding. The ground handler may be part an airline or a non-airline organization, either way the passengers may be processed by staff not belonging to the airline on whose flight they are booked. Bus, limousine, taxi or train service between air terminal and airport. Gross Registered Tonnage. The way in which a ship is measured, one GRT is equivalent to 100 cubic feet of enclosed space. (General sales agent ). Any person to whom a carrier has delegated general authority to represent it for purposes of sales of passenger and/or cargo air transportation in defined territory and who is remunerated accordingly. General Sales Agent。 The recognized representative of an operator. Describes part of a fare type, in this case it indicates 'High Season'. Health information for travelers would include details on specific health risks and requirements in each country. Travelers need to know the health risks for the country they are traveling to. Some countries may refuse entry if the

IATA
IATA OAG OAG OAG IATA IATA
IATA OAG
IATA
OAG IATA
IATA OAG IATA
OAG OAG OAG

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terms
HIF HIP Holding Bay Hypothetical Fare Construction Points IAR IASET IATA ICAO ICS Identifier IDL
IMCO Indirect route Indirect Route Principle
Infant Infant Innkeepers Lien Interface Interline@
Interline transfer Interline transfer point
(interlining) Interline transportation

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

traveler has not had certain injections, and in other countries there are recommended precautions such as tablets, injections.

Higher intermediate fare from unit origin to a stopover point 中间较高运价 Higher intermediate point check 中间较高点检查 候机厅:Area of the airport where planes are held until they have permission to take off. Airline term to describe points (i.e. airport) included in an itinerary in order to construct a lower fare. Also known as fictitious construction points. Interactive agent reporting International association of scientific experts in tourism 国际旅游业学会 国际航空运输协会:International Air Transport Association, body which regulates many of the world's scheduled airlines. International Civil Aviation Organisation 国际民航组织 Inventory control system 航班编排控制系统 A character or group of characters used to identify or name an item of data and possibly to indicate certain properties of that data. International Date Line。 An imaginary line drawn through the Pacific Ocean at 180 digress longitude. The date on the east side of the line is one day earlier than that on the west side. International governmental maritime consultative organization 国际政府间海事 委员会 Any scheduled continuous air route other than a direct route. Airline term used to describe the general rule allowing passengers paying full fares on IATA airlines to deviate from the direct route between any two points without extra payment, as long as the maximum permitted mileage for the route listed in the tariff. 婴儿:A person who has not reached his/her second birthday as of the date of commencement of travel. A child under the age of two years old. Legal right of hotels to detain in certain circumstances guests' property against unpaid bills. A translation function between a user and a system or between a user and a number of systems or between two or more systems. is used in conjunction with another word to describe anything involving two or more Members, such as interline itinerary, interline reservation, interline stopover, interline point, interline transaction, etc. Transfer from the service of one carrier to the service of an other carrier. 联运中转点:Any point at which the passenger transfers from the services of one carrier to the services of another carrier. Transportation on the services of more than one carrier.

缩写 缩写 OAG OAG 缩写 缩写 OAG OAG 缩写 OAG OAG
缩写 IATA OAG
IATA OAG OAG IATA IATA
IATA IATA IATA

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44

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Intermediate class Intermediate Stop International Flight
International transfer International-domestic transfer Intraline transportation Involuntary change service@
IROE
ISI ISO Issuing carrier Itinerary Itinerary Itinerary/Receipt J

A class of service with seating standards which may be superior to those provided on economy/tourist class but less liberal than standards provided in first class. When the plane lands at airports between the departure city and the arrival city. The traveler does not usually have to change planes. Describes a flight which takes off from one country and then lands in another. The term is used to separate International Flights and Domestic Flights. Amsterdam, Netherlands to Athens, Greece is an example of an international flight. A change from the international service of one carrier to another international service of the same carrier (online transfer) or to the international service of another carrier (interline transfer). A change between the international service of one carrier and domestic service of the same carrier (online transfer) or another carrier (interline transfer). Transportation solely by the services of a single carrier. 非自愿改变服务:The follow circumstances shall justify an involuntary change of carrier, routing, class of service: 1. A member cancels a flight; 2. A member fails to operate a flight reasonable in accordance with schedule; 3. A member fails to stop at a point to which the passenger is destined or is ticketed to stop over (whether over or under carriage); 4. a member is unable to provide previously confirmed space; 5. a member causes a passenger to miss a connecting flight on which he holds a reservation. IATA Rate Of Exchange published in the IATA quarterly to convert local currency fares to a Neutral Unit of Construction (NUC) and to convert total NUC amounts to the currency of the country of commencement of transportation. International sale indicator International organization for standardization A carrier whose tickets are issued to the passengers. See validating carrier. The sum of all portions from beginning to ending of passenger’s trip (journey), even though separated by gap(s). Details of a journey with dates and times for travel between each city to be visited. An itinerary often includes details of hotels, meetings and social events during the trip. A document or documents forming part of the Electronic Ticket which contains the information and notices required. J on a ticket, as part of the fare type, indicates shoulder season - in between high and low seasons. shown as a letter on its own, indicates the fare type 'Business Class Premium'.

IATA OAG OAG
IATA IATA IATA IATA
IATA
缩写 缩写 IATA IATA OAG IATA OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

45

Jetlag

terms

Joint Operational Flight Joint service flight
Journey K

L Landing Card Landing Fee Landside Layover Scheduled LCF LDM@ LDM@ Leased aircraft Leased or Blocked Space Flight Leg
Leg
Links (OAG Links) Local combination
Locator

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

时差反应:Temporary state of feeling in ill health following a long journey across several timezones. The traveler has difficulty adjusting to the timezone of their destination and may feel sick, lethargic and have difficulty concentrating. A flight on more than one airline operates one or more of its legs. A flight identified by the designator codes of two air carriers that, with the concurrence of their respective States, typically have agreed with each other to share revenues and/or costs. Origin to destination of the entire ticket. When shown as 23k is the weight allowance shown on a ticket. K on a ticket, as part of the fare type, indicates shoulder season - between high and low seasons. Example, 23k is a maximum free baggage allowance of 23 kilos. On a ticket (at the start of a fare type) indicates the fare type 'Economy Class Discounted'. On a ticket (as part of the fare type) indicates low season. A document which must be completed by a passenger prior to arrival in order to gain entry to the country. Charge made by the airport authorities to airlines for landing their aircraft. Area before passport control and security checks with free access. interruption of a journey, usually overnight, either at the passengers request or necessary because of a lack of a connecting service. Local currency fare Load message-inbound Load message An aircraft used under a contractual leasing arrangement to increase an air carrier fleet capacity. A flight where the operating airline leases (or blocks) some seats/space to one or more other airlines and all participants to such an agreement sell their seats/space on that flight under their own designator (s). 航节:The space between two consecutive scheduled touchdown points on any given flight. (the portion of a journey between two consecutive scheduled stops on any direct flight) A leg is another word for 'sector', i.e. each section of a journey or trip. Example, a traveler could be told that the London to Paris leg of their trip would be either by air or by Eurostar train. OAG propriety schedule update remote access system Combination of two fare components to create a single pricing unit this also applies to the combination of two one-ways, fares, provided the second fare component returns to the country of origin of the first fare component. A reference number given on a travel booking which enables the booking information to be recalled quickly if it needs to be referred to at a later date.

OAG
OAG ICAO
IATA OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG OAG 缩写 SITA 缩写 ICAO OAG
IATA
OAG
OAG IATA
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

46

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Long Haul
Lounge
Loyalty Programmes
LT M
Mail Marketing carrier@ MCD MCO
MCO MCT MIDT Midweek
Mileage System Misconnection
Misconnection@ MITA Movement MPA MPD

远程:A flight of more than 4 hours. On long haul flights the amount of space and comfort a traveler enjoys has a real effect on their feeling of wellbeing on arrival at their destination. Airport Lounge/Executive Lounge/VIP Lounge A part of the airport where travelers can spend time between check in and boarding the plane. Many airlines provide special lounges exclusively for Business and First Class passengers. Reward programmes that encourage business travelers to use the same airline or hotel chain for all their travel arrangements. These programmes are also known as 'Frequent Flyer' or 'Frequent Lodger' programmes but each has a unique name. Local time 当地时间 On a ticket (as part of a longer string, i.e. MHAP3M) indicates the fare type 'Economy Class Discounted'. The letter shown on the Fare Construction line of a ticket which shows that 'Maximum Permitted Mileage' has been checked. All types of material communications carried on one aircraft, e.g., General Post Office Mail, diplomatic mail, military mail and company (airline) mail means the airline whose Airline Designator is recorded as the transporting Carrier on the electronic flight/value coupon(s). Multiple Carrier Designator
(Miscellaneous Charges Order). A document issued by a carrier or its agent requesting issue of an appropriate Passenger Ticket and Baggage Check or provision of services to the person named in such document. Miscellaneous Charges Order Minimum Connecting Time. Indicates whether there is enough time for a traveler to change planes - make a transfer connection –at any airport. Marketing information data tape Either Monday to Friday or Monday to Thursday. In the fare basis, midweek departure is indicated by the letter X. On routes where the day of the week affects the fare, the rule shows how 'midweek' is defined. See Maximum Permitted Mileage A passenger who, due to late arrival or non-operation of his original delivery flight, arrive at the interline point by his original delivering flight, an alternative flight, or surface transportation too late to board his original receiving flight. Occurs when a passenger is unable to use reserved accommodation out of a connection point due to late arrival or cancellation of delivering flight. Multilateral Interline traffic Agreement 多边联运协议 The arrival or departure of an aircraft Non-Operational (commercial leg). See Operational Leg Multiple prorate agreement 多边比例分摊协议 Multiple purpose document

OAG
OAG
OAG
OAG OAG
OAG IATA OAG IATA
OAG OAG 缩写 OAG
OAG IATA
IATA 缩写 OAG 缩写 缩写

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

47

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

MPM MPM MPM Multi Sector MVT@ N N/A Narrow body@ Neutral ticket New receiving carrier@
Ninth Freedom
No Frills Airlines No Show NOJ Non Stop Flights
Normal fares@
No-show No-show charge
NUC

(Maximum permitted mileage). The maximum mileage that may be travelled for a fare component. (Maximum Permitted Mileage). A term that airlines and travel agents use to calculate fares for complex flight itineraries. Maximum permitted mileage 最大允许里程 On a journey that includes one or more transit stops, each part of that journey is known as a sector. Movement - inbound On a ticket (as part of the fare type) indicates a night fare. Not applicable 窄体客机:A type of aircraft which has one aisles in the passenger cabin. 参见 宽体客机:wide body The form of Automated Ticket for use by Travel Agents not bearing any preprinted individual airline identity. In the case of a flight interruption en route: a new carrying member or non-IATA air carrier or surface transportation carrier selected for onward carriage by the forwarding member from the point where an involuntary change becomes necessary. 第九航权:Ninth freedom . The right or privilege of transporting cabotage traffic of the granting country on a service performed entirely within the territory of the granting state (also known as ‘stand alone cabotge’). This is different from the eight freedom because the eight freedom is tied in to an international leg whereas ninth freedom is purely cabotage or domestic travel. Also known as 'Low Cost' or 'Budget' airlines. Term used for a traveler who does not check in for the flight that they have a reservation for and has not cancelled the reservation. Normal open jaw 普通缺口程 非经停航班:Flights which fly from one airport to another without landing at any airport in between. As these flights are faster than those that make intermediate stops, they are preferred by business travelers. A fare established in the Resolution 040/050/060 series for intermediate, first or economy class service and any other fare denominated and published as a normal fare (e.g. C2,F2,Y2). Children's fares and infant's fares which are established as a percentage of the fares referred to above are also considered to be normal fares. A passenger who fails to use reserved accommodation for reason other than missed connections. The charge made by reason of the failure of a passenger to use reserved accommodation, either through failure to arrive at the airport at the time fixed by the carrier, or through arriving improperly documented or otherwise not ready to travel on flight. Neutral Unit of Construction, used in constructing air fares.

IATA OAG 缩写 OAG SITA OAG 缩写 OAG IATA IATA
IATA
OAG OAG 缩写 OAG
IATA
IATA IATA
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

48

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Number of flight O O&D OAG OECD Off Point Off-premise location@ OJ OK
Onboard One way sub-journey
On-flight origin and destination traffic
On-line On-line tariff data base
On-line transfer On-line transfer point ONOJ OPATB Operation Operating carrier@

起落架次:the number of flight stages flown during the year between each pair of stations. On a ticket (as part of the fare type) indicates shoulder season - between high and low seasons. Original and destination Official airline guide 航班信息指南 Organization for economic co-operation and development 经济合作与发展组织 到港站:Station of disembarkation means any non airline location where automated tickets are issued, e.g. an approved location of a passenger sales agent or a commercial account. Open jaw 缺口程 Shown on a ticket confirms that a seat is available for the traveler on that flight. Caution: also see note on 'overbooking'. Inside the plane. Part of a journey wherein travel from one country does not return to such country and for which the fare is assessed as a single pricing unit using a one way fare. The revenue traffic carried on an air service identified by a flight number, subdivided into the city-pairs served by that flight on the basis of the point of embarkation and point of disembarkation. In the case of passengers, the city-pair concerned is determined by the points of embarkation and disembarkation covered by one flight coupon. Within one airline or one system, or connected to a computer system. The remotely accessible on-line version, maintained by the filer, of (1) the electronically filed tariff data submitted to the ‘official D.O.T tariff database’, and (2) the Departmental approvals disapprovals and other actions, as well as Departmental notations concerning such approvals, disapprovals or other actions, that Subpart W of the proposed Part 221 requires the filer to maintain in its database. The term ‘official D.O.T. tariff database’ means those data records which would be in the custody of, and maintained by the Department of Transportation. Transfer from the service of one carrier to another service of the same carrier. Any pint at which the passenger transfers from one service of a carrier to another service (bearing a different flight number) of the same carrier. Origin normal fare open jaw Off premise automated ticket and boarding pass The act of a transport vehicle traveling from point to point means the airline actually providing carriage or other services incidental to such air carriage.. The Operating Carrier may be different from the Marketing Carrier in situations where bilateral agreements exist, e.g., code share agreement. Used only when different from Marketing Carrier.

ICAO OAG 缩写 缩写 缩写 OAG IATA 缩写 OAG
OAG IATA
ICAO
IATA IATA
IATA IATA 缩写 缩写 OAG IATA

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民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Operational Leg Operational Leg@ OPTAT
Origin Original receiving member@ Originating Flight OSC OTATO Other charges
Outbound/Outward Overbooking
OW
OW or O/W OX P Package PAD@ PAI Parador

A flight leg which is physically operated and identified by its Airline Designator and Flight Number A flight which is physically operated and identified by its airline designator and flight number. Any other airline designators and/or flight numbers associated with the same flight are considered to be non operational flights. Off premise transitional automated ticket. It means either form of automated ticket, normally issued by agents, described in Resolution 722a. It is a multi-copy carbonised ticket. @ The initial starting place of the journey as shown on the ticket. In the case of a flight interruption en route : the member on whose flight a passenger is originally ticketed to be carried from a connection point. A flight designated by a Flight Designator, commencing at the station in question One way sub-journey check One trip air travel order Charges with no relation to fares, such as taxes, fees, etc. excluding excess baggage charges. Over-booking : A condition which exists when more seats have been booked on a flight than seats allowable for sale. The first part of an itinerary or journey from the point of origin. 超售:Some airlines sell more tickets than there are seats on the plane. If every traveler tries to check in, some will be asked to travel on another flight in exchange for financial compensation. 1.A separately charged OW fare which does not return to the country of origin. OW fares must be used for OW pricing units (the use of half RT fares is not permitted). 2.The fare for a OW pricing unit/sub-journey is assessed in the direction of travel. However, when a pricing unit for a one way sub-journey terminates in a country from which a previous pricing unit has been assessed, the fare for the one way sub-journey into such country is assessed from such country, i.e. not in the direction of travel. Example: ATL-LON-STO-LIS-GLA (GLA is a city of GB) One way ticket. A one way fare can include more than one destination. On a ticket (as part of the fare type) indicates a one way excursion fare. On a ticket indicates the fare type 'First Class Premium'. A single booking which includes both transport and accommodation. Passengers available for disembarkation Personal Accident Insurance. Offered by ca rental companies to insure drivers and passengers. An historical Spanish building or farm offering hotel accommodation. In Portugal these properties are called Pousadas.

OAG IATA
IATA
IATA IATA OAG 缩写 缩写 IATA
OAG OAG
IATA
OAG OAG OAG OAG IATA OAG OAG

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terms
Partner Tickets & Fares
Passenger Passenger-kilometers performed Passengers carried
Passport PAX PC Pex Fare
PFC Phonetic Alphabet
Pick Up Piece System
PIR Pitch

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

Term used where the airline offers discounted fares for husbands, wives, partners who want to fly on the same flight as the business traveler. Documentary evidence has to be presented. Partner Fares are also known as 'Spouse' Fares. Any person, except members of the crew, carried or to be carried in an aircraft with the consent of carrier. the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of revenue passengers carried on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. The resultant figure is equal to the number of kilometers travelled by all passengers. The number of revenue passengers carried should be obtained by counting each passenger on a particular flight (one that has the same flight number throughout the journey of the passenger) only once and not at each individual stage of that flight, with the single exception that a passenger flying on both the international and domestic stages of the same flight should be counted as both a domestic and an international passenger. Non-revenue passengers should be excluded. 旅客运输量 An identity document required by international travelers. Document which identifies the nationality of the traveler. It does not give any traveler the right to enter a country. Passengers See Piece System. Discounted return fare available on many (not all) flight routes. Once the ticket has been purchased, changes can not usually be made. The lack of flexibility about dates, with other restrictions on length of stay often means that Pex fares are not suitable for business travelers. Passenger facility charge Regularly used by the travel industry to ensure codes are recorded correctly. Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, Foxtrot, Golf, Hotel, India, Juliet, Kilo, Lima, Mike, November, Oscar, Papa, Quebec, Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform, Victor, Whisky, X-ray, Yankee, Zulu. Term used by Car Hire/Rental companies for the return of the hired car to a rental office of the company. It is also used when a taxi or limousine driver meets a person and takes them on to their meeting or accommodation. One of the ways that airlines describe baggage allowances, the other term used is Weight System. The letters PC are shown on the ticket i.e. 2PC, indicating that the traveler can check in two cases or bags. These is a maximum size for these 'pieces'. Property Irregularity Report. Used to record damaged or lost baggage The distance between a plane seat and the seat in front. The higher the figure, the more leg space the traveler will have.

OAG
IATA ICAO
ICAO
OAG OAG OAG OAG
缩写 OAG
OAG OAG
OAG OAG

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民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Pitch, seat@ PM PNL/ADL@
PNR
PNR Point of turnaround Point to Point Fares Pooling arrangements
Port Pre-clearance Proration Proration, fare@ Proration, mileage@ Proration, rate@
Provisioned Charter

Means the distance between the front edge of one seat in an aircraft and the front edge of the seat immediately in front when both are in an upright position. Post Meridian. Used in a 12 hour clock for the hours between midday and midnight. Most travel schedules in the USA are listed in AM and PM. Passenger name list is a list of passenger data concerning a particular flight and board point produced by an airline’s reservation system for the check-in handler at that boarding airport. The list always contains a numeric summary of passenger counts and may include passenger names. Names are included with variations, ranging from a minimal list (for exampld, only passengers with special service requirements) to a full list (all names). (Passenger name record ). A record of each passenger’s travel requirements which contain all information necessary to enable reservations to be processed and controlled by the booking airline and the airline(s) participating in the carriage. Passenger Name Record. A unique code used by airlines to recognize a booking The farthest geographical fare break (between two fare components) from the Pricing Unit origin. For any flight that goes from one city to another, whether it is a direct flight or a connection. An air carrier commercial agreement which may involve some degree of capacity control and may cover matters such as routes operated, conditions of operation, and the sharing between the partier of traffic, frequencies, equipment, revenues and cost. Place of docking for ships. Also describes the left hand side of the ship looking towards the forward end/front of the vessel. Provision of customs and immigration procedures in a foreign country of departure to ease the demand for such facilities in the country of arrival. Such arrangements exist for example between the USA and Caribbean. 分摊:Division of a joint fare, rate or charge between the carriers concerned on an agreed basis. Proration on the basis of the respective local fares. Proration on the basis of the respective local mileages. Proration on the basis of the respective local rates. “Rate” means the amount charged by the carrier(s) for the carriage of a unit of goods or excess baggage and is the current rate which the carrier, in the publication it normally uses to publish rates, holds out the public or the appropriate segment of the public, as being applicable of carriage of a unit of weight (or volume) and/or value of goods or excess baggage. An arrangement in which the hire of a yacht or another vessel for a specified period includes fuel and provisions.

IATA OAG IATA
IATA
OAG IATA OAG ICAO
OAG OAG IATA IATA IATA IATA
OAG

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PSA PSARA PSC PSR

terms

PTA

PTA

PTM@ PU Quote/Fare Quote
RAM RATD@

RBD

REA@
Real-time Rebooking Recline
Reconfirmation

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

Passenger Shipping Association Passenger Shipping Association Retail Agents Scheme Passenger services conference Passenger Space Ratio。 The GRT divided by the passenger capacity on a cruise ship. (Prepaid ticket advice ). The notification by teletype commercial wire or mail that a person in one city has requested issuance of prepaid transportation as described in the authority, to a person in another city. Pre-paid Ticket Advice. Notification by an agent or carrier that a person has paid for another person's transportation, usually from a place other than the one in which the fare was paid, thereby authorizing the issue of an airline ticket by the recipient. Passenger transfer message Pricing unit Price given for an air fare or accommodation. With air fares, a price is only guaranteed at the time of ticketing. Revenue accounting manual(收入会计手册) Revenue accounting tax database. The RATD provides information specific to the Revenue Accounting aspect of interline billing taxes, charges and fees and is the single source for billing of taxes/fees/charges as stated in Chapter A2 Paragraph 1.10.2 of the Revenue Accounting Manual. Reservations booking designator:to be entered in the "flight/class" box of the ticket following the flight number. RBD to be used for each coupon shall be that RBD as required by the fare used for the transportation covered by such coupon and as specified for that fare by the carrier providing transportation as shown on such coupon. Members shall adhere to the instructions of those carriers who have published the required RBD in accordance with IATA recommended practice 1728. Refund/exchange authorization is used by a system provider to report a refund, exchange or transaction to a BSP. The data elements to be reported are those detailed in the Data Interchange Specifications Handbook (DISH). A computer system which processes the input and gives a response immediately or within seconds. Change of reservation and/or other changes which do not require ticket reissuance. The measurement of how far a plane seat will push back. Some airlines measure the recline by inches, others by degrees. The higher the figure, the further the seat back can recline. A procedure used by some airlines whereby passengers. Under certain given circumstances advise those airlines of their intention to use the space reserved.

OAG OAG 缩写 OAG IATA
OAG
SITA 缩写 OAG 缩写 IATA
IATA
IATA
IATA IATA OAG
IATA

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terms
Red Eye Redirect airport control@ Refund Refund, involuntary
Refund, voluntary Reissue rentals
Reroute
Rerouting RES/RESTN Reservation RESO Return sub-journey

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

A phrase referring to lack of sleep, usually when the traveler lands at the arrival airport early in the morning following an overnight flight. means the process by which a Marketing or Operating Carrier may return control of the ET flight coupon(s) to the Validating Carrier with instructions to transfer control to a designated Carrier. The repayment to the purchaser of all or a portion of a fare rate or charge for unused carriage or service. A refund of an unused ticket or portion thereof or an unused MCO required where because of safety or legal requirements or the condition or conduct of the passenger carriage is refused. - Flight cancellation; - Flight schedule change; - Over or under carriage; - Offloading; - Misconnection; - Safety or legal reasons; - Condition or conduct of passenger@ A refund of an unused ticket or portion thereof or an unused MCO other than an involuntary refund. An alteration to a ticket that cannot be done through revalidation and requires issuance of a new ticket. include rentals payable by commercial enterprises and other entities for the use of airport-owned building space, land or equipment. Such rentals should include those payable by aircraft operators for airport-owned premises and facilities (e.g. check-in and sales counters and administrative offices) other than those already covered under item: air traffic operations. To issue a new ticket covering transportation to the same destination, but via a different routing than that designated on the ticket, or to honor the ticket held by the passenger for transportation to the same destination but via a different routing. Change of routing and/or other changes which require ticket reissuance. Restriction Equivalent to the term ‘booking’. The allotment in advance or seating or sleeping accommodation for a passenger or of space or weigh capacity for baggage or goods. Resolution Part or a journey wherein travel is from a point/country and return thereto and for which the fare is assessed as a single pricing unit using half round trip fares round trip, circle trip, normal fare open jaw; also applicable to special fare open jaw returning to the same or another country.

OAG IATA IATA IATA
IATA IATA ICAO
IATA
IATA OAG IATA 缩写 IATA

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民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms
Re-validation Sticker Revenue passenger
revenue traffic Rewards ROE Rotation Round the world fares Round the World Fares Route Route, direct@ Route, indirect@ Route, through@

definitions

source

An amendment attached to the flight coupon of an airline ticket showing a change such as change of flight made to the original reservation. A passenger for whose transportation an air carrier receives commercial remuneration. NOTES: 1. This definition includes, for example, a) passengers traveling under publicly available promotional offers (for example, ‘two-for-one’ or loyalty programmes ( for example, redemption of frequent-flyer points); b) passengers traveling as compensation for denied boarding; c) passengers traveling on corporate discounts; d) passengers traveling on preferential fares (government, seamen, military, youth, student, etc.) 2. This definition excludes, for example, a) persons traveling free; b) persons traveling at a fare or discount available only to employees of air carriers or their agents or only for travel on business for the carriers; c) infants who do not occupy a seat. the total revenue load, in terms of passenger numbers and freight and mail tonnes, on board the aircraft for each stage of a flight regardless of the origin or destination of the traffic. The benefits that a business traveler gets for frequently using the same airline or hotel chain as part of a 'Frequent Flyer' or Frequent Lodger' program. Rewards include free flights, discounts on holidays, gift certificates, tickets to leisure parts, hotel accommodation and more. Rate of Exchange - usually the rate of exchange on the day that the ticket was purchased. It may be relevant if a refund has to be calculated or some part of the itinerary changed. The operation of consecutive legs in operational sequence between the station of origin and the station of destination of any flight. 环球运价:(RTW) are circle trip Pus. These fares apply for travel commencing from and returning to the same point which involves only one crossing of the Atlantic Ocean and only one crossing of the Pacific Ocean. Offered by airlines and airline alliances for travelers who want to make a reduced price itinerary, which circumnavigates the world, staying in a minimum of 3 or 4 cities. A list of cities or airports that will be visited during a trip. The cities are given in the order visited. The word 'itinerary' is also used to show a route but it usually has details of dates and times. The shortest route operated between two points. Any route other than the direct route operated between two points. The total route from point of departure to point of destination.

OAG ICAO
ICAO OAG OAG OAG IATA OAG OAG IATA IATA IATA

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民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms
Routing
Routing RPK
RPK
RPM
RQ RSC RSD RT RT (Round trip )

definitions

source

航线:The carrier and/ or the cities and/or class or service and/or type of aircraft (jet or propeller) via which transportation is provided between two points A list of consecutive legs in operational sequence between the station of origin and the station of destination of any flight. 客 公 里 Passenger-kilometers performed . Number of revenue passengers carried on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. The resultant figure is equal to the number of kilometers traveled by all passengers. The sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of revenue passengers carried on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. The resultant figure is equal to the number of kilometers traveled by all passengers. 客英里 Passenger Mile. One passenger transported one statute mile. Total passenger miles are computed by summation of the products of the aircraft miles flown on each inter-airport flight stage multiplied by the number of passengers carried on that flight stage. Shown on a ticket indicates that a seat has been requested on a flight that is technically full. This is also known as 'waitlisting'. Return sub-journey check Release for Sale Date 来回程:Return Trip or Round Trip, when you return to the place you started your trip. 1.Travel entirely by air from a point to another point and return to the original point, comprising two half round trip fare components only, for which the applicable normal half RT fare for each component, measured from the point of unit origin, is the same for the routing traveled. Provided that this definition shall not apply to round the world travel. If the fares to be used differ through class of service/seasonality/day of week/carrier variations, the outbound fare shall be used also for the inbound fare component for the purpose of determining if the pricing unit is a round trip. 2. if the fares to be used differ through class of service / seasonality/ midweek / weekend / carrier variations, the outbound fare shall be used also for the inbound fare component for the purpose of determining if the pricing unit is a RT. 3. The reference in the round trip definition to “two fare components only” does not preclude fares for end-on combination or side trips paid for separately being shown on the same ticket. 4. Unless otherwise specified, where a RT fare is not published, the fare for a RT is twice the outbound one way fare. 5. RT fares which by their own terms are combinable, may be used with other

IATA OAG IATA
ICAO
IATA
OAG 缩写 OAG OAG IATA

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

56

terms
R/TKNE@ RTW RWM S SA SAC@
SAD Sales Scattershot@
Scheduled Airline/Flights Scheduled services
SCR Seamen's Fares Seasickness Seasons/Seasonal Fares
Seat Plans

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

definitions

source

fares on the basis of the half RT fare (instead of the OW fare). Is an EDIFACT element containing the details of an electronic ticket number. 环球程:Round the world . Travel from a point and return thereto which involves only one crossing of the Atlantic Ocean and only one crossing of the Pacific Ocean. Round the world minimum 环球最低收费检查 On a ticket indicates the fare type 'Economy Class'. On a ticket indicates that a seat is subject to availability, it is not confirmed. Settlement Authorization Code is a code that authorizes a BSP to go ahead with settlement for specified coupons/a coupon. It means a reference number generated by the Validating Carrier authorising settlement of a coupon(s) upon final use (e.g., coupon status change to E, F, P, R, V, or X) of that coupon by another Carrier or agent. Shared Airline Designator When used in the context of sales restrictions for advertising and sales, sales shall include the issuance of tickets, MCOs, MPDs and PTAs. The procedure of handling reservations transactions by dealing with one or more offices independently of other offices and which results in one or more offices not having knowledge of the passenger’s complete remaining itinerary including the current status of each remaining segment. 定期航班:A scheduled airline operates on advertised routes, this may be several times a day and/or several days a week. The routes are fixed and each route is linked to a flight number. Scheduled services (revenue) are flights scheduled and performed for remuneration according to a published timetable, or so regular or frequent as to constitute a recognizably systematic series, which are open to direct booking by members of the public, and extra section flights occasioned by overflow traffic from scheduled flights. A multi-volume set of documents which describe the protocols, standards and implementation issues related to inter-system communications for the airline and aeronautical communities. 海员运价:Reduced air fares to which seamen are commonly entitled when traveling to join or leave a ship. A temporary illness suffered by sea passengers caused by the body's balance being disrupted. 季节运价:On many routes, some of the economy or discounted fares change depending on the date the traveler is departing. These seasons are simply known as High Season and Low Season and indicated by H or L in the Fare Basis. On some routes, there are also extra seasons between High and Low, these are known as Shoulder Seasons. Diagrams of the inside of an aircraft showing seat locations etc.

IATA IATA 缩写 OAG OAG IATA
OAG IATA
OAG ICAO
OAG OAG OAG OAG
OAG

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57

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Seat-kilometers available
Second Freedom
Sector
Sector Segment Sell and report agreement@ Seventh Freedom
Shore Excursion Short Haul Side trip SIDT SISC SITA SITI SITO Sixth Freedom
SKD/SKED/SKEDS SLOT Slot

The sum of the products obtained by multiplying the number of passengers seats available for sale on each flight stage by the corresponding stage distance. Seats not actually available for the carriage of passengers because of the weight of fuel or other load should be excluded from the calculations. 第二航权:Second freedom. The right to land in the territory of the signatory States for non-commercial reasons such as refueling without boarding or deplaning passengers. Commercial freedoms laid down bilateral or multilateral agreement. 航段:Usually used in reference to fare constructions. A portion of an itinerary/ pricing unit/ journey which may be comprised of a leg(s) / segment(s) / component(s) On a journey that includes one or more transit stops, each part of that journey is known as a sector. That portion of journey from a boarding point of a passenger to a deplaning point on a direct flight (may be comprised of a leg or group of leg(s). Means a bilateral or multilateral agreement between carriers which requires signatories to exchanger and maintain information relative to the availability of space on selected flights and between specified points. 第 七 航 权 : Seventh freedom .The right to operate completely outside the territory of the state of registration and to set down or take on passengers, mail or freight originating in or destined for a third State which is not the State of registration. In other words, this is the right to carry traffic from one state to another state without going through the home country. A trip taken by passengers whilst a cruise ship is docked. 短程:A flight of less than 4 hours. 旁岔程:Travel from and/or to an en-route point of a fare component. Subscribe information data tape Schedules Information Standards Committee(IATA) Society internal de telecommunication aeronautiques Sold inside and ticketed inside COC Sold inside and ticketed outside COC 第六航权:Sixth freedom . The right to provide transport services between two countries other than the country in which the aircraft is registered across the territory of that country. This means the right to carry traffic from one state through the home country to a third state. (sixth freedom can also be viewed as a combination of fourth and third freedoms secured by the country of registry producing the same effects as the 5th freedom vis-a-vis both foreign countries.) Schedule 起降时刻或着陆权:The scheduled time of arrival or departure available or allocated to an aircraft movement on a specific date at an airport.. Set time assigned to a flight for take-off and landing.

ICAO
IATA
IATA
OAG IATA IATA
IATA
OAG OAG IATA 缩写 OAG 缩写 缩写 缩写 IATA
OAG OAG OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

58

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

SOM@ SOTI SOTO SPA SPC Special fares@ Spouse Fares
SS SSIM SSM Stacking Standby
Standby
Standby passenger
Starboard Station Stock control number Stopover
Stopover
SU

Seats occupation message Sold outside and ticketed inside COC Sold outside and ticketed outside COC Special prorate agreement 特殊分摊协议 Scheduling Procedures Committee (IATA) Any fare other than a normal fare. Term used where the airline offers discounted fares for husbands, wives, partners who want to fly on the same flight as the business traveler. Documentary evidence has to be presented. Partner Fares are also known as 'Spouse' Fares. As part of a fare type, indicates a Supersaver fare. Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA) Standard Schedules Message (IATA) Describes aircraft flying in large circles at two or more levels awaiting for permission to land. Occurs at busy airports 候补:Equivalent to ‘Go Show’, means a potential revenue passenger at a designated check-in location and who is prepared to accept space subject to availability. Term used for a traveler who does not have a firm reservation for a particular flight. (Firm reservations are indicated on the ticket by the letters 'OK'). These tickets are often held by airline staff who can only travel if there is space available. The passenger is asked to report to the gate or check-in desk at a specific time - shortly before departure. 候补旅客:Passengers who will board a flight subject to space availability at departure time and only after al passengers having reservations for reservations but paying fares other than adult standby fares have boarded the flight. The right hand side of a ship, looking towards the front. A place to which a Location Identifier has been assigned The unique identification number that is preprinted on automated tickets without preprinted serial numbers, for control and blacklisting purposes. 经停:Which is equivalent to the term ”Break of Journey”, mean a deliberate interruption of a journey by the passenger, agreed to in advance by the carrier, at a point between the place of departure and the place of destination. When a passenger arrives at an intermediate point and is scheduled to depart later than 24 hours after arrival (local time). When a traveler leaves the airport at which they have arrived. The passenger must complete arrival formalities and when they return to the airport they must check in again. In this way, a stopover is different from a stop where the passenger stays 'in transit' and doesn't leave the 'airside' of the airport. On a fares table this indicates that the traveler must stay over a Saturday night at his destination. This is also known as the 'Sunday Rule'.

SITA 缩写 缩写 缩写 OAG IATA OAG
OAG OAG OAG OAG IATA
OAG
IATA
OAG OAG IATA IATA
OAG
OAG

ACCA 业务研究与系统规划部整理

59

民用航空专业术语-Version 2.0

2006 年

terms

definitions

source

Sunday Rule
Surface sector SX TACT Tariffs TAT
Taxi TCN TC's Technical Landing/stop Tender Terminating Flight TFCs Third Freedom
Through fare THRU FLT TIACA Ticket
Ticket, conjunction Ticketed point Ticketing time limit TNOJ Tonne-kilometers performed

Indicates that the traveler must stay over a Saturday night at his destination. Many discounted fares have this rule and is indicated on the fares table as SU. 地面运输段:A sector between two intermediate points of a fare component where travel is via other than air transportation. As part