当前位置:首页 >> 高考 >>

高考英语语法填空解题技巧和方法


阅读理解
高三解题指导

高考大纲中关于阅读理解的要求

要求考生读懂简易的英语文学作品、科普文章、 公告、说明、广告以及书、报、杂志中关于一般 性话题的简短文章并回答相关问题。考生应能: 1、理解主旨要义; 2、理解文中具体信息; 3、根据上下文推断生词的词义; 4、作出简单判断和理解; 5、理解文章的基本结构; 6、理解作者的意图和态度; 7、根据所读,用恰当的词语补全文章提纲、 概括关键内容或作要词词语转换。

因此有关阅读理解题目主要 有以下四种:

命 题 类

主 旨 大 意 型 事 实 细 节 型

词 义 猜 测 型 推 理 判 断 型

试卷 (江苏) 2008

推理 判断 4

主旨 归纳 2

细节 理解 8

词义 猜测 1

2009

7

2

5

1

2010年高考阅读理解推理判断题型中 要求考生能把握文脉逻辑关系—句与 句、段与段之间的逻辑关系。

阅读理解专题--推理判断题

阅 读 推 理 判 断 题

1. 推断隐含意义 2.推断作者观点或态度 3.推断写作目的

4.推断文章出处
5.推断文脉逻辑关系

1. Question forms: It can be inferred from the text that . From the text we know that …is most likely . When the writer talks about …, what the writer really means is . The writer suggests that . The story implies that . We can infer [conclude] from the passage that . 这类题干中通常含有 infer, suggest, imply, 2. 技巧点拨 conclude 等标志性词语。 1).全面分析 2).忠实原文3).不要选择表层信息

Practice:
1.Did you ever hear a strange sound coming from the wall? Did it sound like a clock? If so, it may have been made by a beetle. Long ago people thought the ticking meant that someone was about to die. Thus the beetle is called "the deathwatch beetle." (1分钟) ● The sound of this beetle ________. A. pleased people. B. surprised people. C. frightened people. D. excited people.

2. It is fun to turn over a big rock on the beach. Make sure you turn the rock back to the position it was in after you moved it. If you don’t turn it back over, all the sea animals under it or clinging to(依附)the underside will die. (1.5分钟) You can tell that rocks ________. A. hurt sea animals B. protect sea animals C. won’t be found on beaches D. can’t be found on beaches

1. Question forms: The writer’s attitude toward… is______. The writer thought that______. According to the author ______. 2.技巧点拨 注意作者表达感情色彩的形容词、副词、 动词及所举的例子,推断出作者的弦外 之音。

1.(江西卷)Just as crying can be healthy, not crying— holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering—can be bad for physical(身体的) health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don’t fight it. It’s a natural—and healthy— emotional response(反应). (2分钟) ●According to the author, which of the following statements is true? A. Crying is the best way to get help from others. B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems. C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry. D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure.

2. Why isn’t your newspaper reporting any good news?All I read about is murder, bribery(行贿),and death. Frankly,I’m sick of all the bad news. This author’s attitude towards the newspaper reporting is to _____. A. complain B. apologize C. amuse D. inform

Taking notes:
说明文中作者的态度: objective 客观的 neutral 中立的 在议论文中,有: (1)positive 积极的 (2)negative 消极的 (3)neutral 中立的 (4)approval 赞成的 (5) disapproval 不赞成的 (6) indifferent 漠不关心的 讽刺的 (7)ironic (8)critical 批评的 (9)optimistic 乐观的 (10)pessimistic 悲观的

1. Question forms: (1) 考查整篇文章的写作目的 A. The writer’s purpose of writing this passage is to _____. B. What is the purpose of writing this article? C. In writing the passage, the author intends to _____.

(2) 考查某处细节的写作意图 A. The writer uses the example of…to show that _____. B. The writer uses the two questions at the beginning of the passage to _____. C. …are mentioned in the first paragraph to _____.

2. 常见的写作目的归纳 不同的文章可能有不同的写作目的, 但写 作目的通常有以下三种: (1) to entertain readers (娱乐读者,让 常见于故事类的文章。 to make people 人发笑) laugh; to tell an interesting experience
常见于广告类的文章。 to sell a product (2) to persuade readers (说服读者接受 or a service; to attract more visitors / 某种观点) readers / audience 多见于科普类﹑新闻报道类﹑文化类或 (3) to inform readers(告知读者某些信 社会类的文章 . 息)

1. “Have you ever been out on a boat and felt it lifted up by a wave? Or have you jumped in the water and felt the rush of energy as waves came over you?” asked Jamie Taylor of the Wave Energy Group at the University of Edinburgh. “There is certainly a lot of energy in waves,” he said. (1.5分钟) ●The writer uses the two questions at the beginning of the passage to ______. A. test the readers’ knowledge about waves B. draw the readers’ attention to the topic C. show Jamie Taylor’s importance D. invite the readers to answer them

2. A young man from a village called Nawalapitiya married a young woman from Maliyuwa, a nearby village. They lived with the man's big family-his parents, his brothers, their wives and children. The family kept an elephant, in which the young woman soon took a great interest. Every day she fed it with fruit and sugar. Three months later the woman went back to her parents' home, having quarreled with her husband. Soon the elephant refused to eat or work. It appeared to be ill and heart-broken. One morning after several weeks the animal disappeared from the house. It went to the woman‘s home. On seeing her, the elephant waved its trunk and touched her with it. The young woman was so moved by the act of the animal that she returned to her husband’s home. (3分钟) ●The writer wrote the story in order to________. A. show that elephants are very clever B. tell how a woman trained a wild animal C. show that women care more for animals than men do D. tell how an animal reunited a husband and wife

1. Question forms: The passage is most likely to be taken from______. Where would this passage most probably appear? The passage is most likely a part of ___.

2. 解题技巧 这类问题应从文章的内容或结构来判断其出处: (1)报纸 :前面会出现日期、地点或通讯社名称 (2)广告 :因其格式特殊,容易辨认 (3)产品说明:器皿、设备的使用说明会有产品名 称或操作方式,而药品的服用说明会告知服用时 间、次数、药量等

1.(全国卷)Do you always understand the directions on a bottle of medicine? Do you know what is meant by “Take only as directed?” Read the following directions and see if you understand them. To reduce pain, take two tablets(药片) with water, followed by one tablet every eight hours, as required. For night-time and early morning relief (缓解疼痛) take two tablets at bedtime. Do not take more than six tablets in twenty-four hours. For children six to twelve years old, give half the amount (量). For children under six years old, ask your doctor’s advice. Reduce the amount if you suffer from restlessness or sleeplessness after taking the medicine. ●This text is most probably taken from a ______. (2分钟) A. textbook B. newsreel(新闻片) C. doctor’s notebook D. bottle of medicine

2. More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or More than 30,000… are killed or of only 30 miles per seriously injured (受伤)each year. At a speed hour it is the same as falling from a each third floor window. Wearing a seat seriously injured (受伤) year. belt(安全带)saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Therefore drivers or front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seatbe belt. If you up do not, you could be fined up to $ 50. It you could fined will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver's to $ 50 responsibility(责任)to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing seat belt of some kind. However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing (倒退)your vehicle or you are making a local delivery(发送)or Remember may be taken collection using ayou special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it. Make sure these to court… you may be fined … circumstances(情形)apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it. (3分钟)

a police report

●This text is taken from _____. A. a medical magazine C. an advertisement(广告)

B. a police report D. a government information booklet (小册子)

1)推断上下文内容 1. Question forms:
The next paragraph would most probably deal with _______ The paragraph preceding this one would most likely discuss ______.

2. 解题技巧

推测下文的内容:根据作者的思路进行推理 推测上文的内容:关注第一段,特别是文段 开始的几句话。

When early humans hunted and gathered food, they were not in control of their environment. They could only interact with their surroundings as lower organisms did. When humans learned to make fire, however, they became capable of altering their environment. To provide themselves with fuel they stripped bark from trees, causing the trees to die. Clearings were burned in forests to increase the growth of grass and to provide a greater grazing area for the wild animals that humans fed upon. This development led to farming and the domestication of animals. Fire also provided the means for cooking plants which had previously been inedible. Only when the process of meeting the basic need for food reached a certain level of sophistication was it possible for humans to follow other pursuits such as the founding of cities. (3分钟) ●The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about ____________. A. fire B. hunting C. farming D. urbanization (城市化)

2)推断篇章组织结构 1.Question forms:
Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage? How is the passage organized?

2.解题技巧:
按段落的组织方法理解文章结构 按写作方法(论证方法)理解文章结构

(见学案)

总结
1.推断隐含意义,必须吃透相关文段的意思。 2.推断作者的写作意图,应当关注主题句,同时 把握文章的体裁也可以推断作者的写作目的。 3.推断作者的观点,应当全面理解文章的内容 及文章的中心思想。 4.推断文脉逻辑,必须特别关注作者的思路和 段落组织方法,推断下文要注意最后一段的 内容,尤其是最后的两三句话。


相关文章:
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法.doc
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 语法填空的考
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法.pdf
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 语法填空的考
2017高考英语语法填空解题技巧_图文.ppt
2017高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 命题揭密 1
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 - 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 命题揭密
2017高考英语语法填空解题技巧_图文.ppt
2017高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 命题揭密
高考英语语法填空解题技巧和方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧和方法 - 阅读理解 高三解题指导 高考大纲中关于阅读理
高考英语语法填空技巧与方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空技巧与方法 - 语法填空技巧与方法 高考题回顾 ? ? 2016
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法.doc
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 语法填空的考
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。四川 高考 语法填空 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 核对2016年高考英语四 川卷语法填空答案 2016四川卷...
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法.doc
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法语法填空题能力要求 1、阅读/理解语篇的能力;
最新高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法课件(共26张)_图文.ppt
最新高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法课件(共26张) - 英语语法填空 解题技巧与
上海高考英语语法填空解题技巧.doc
上海高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 上海高考英语语法填空解题技巧 2014 上海高
广东高考英语语法填空技巧与方法(学生).doc
广东高考英语语法填空技巧与方法(学生) - 高考英语新题型语法填空技巧与方法一 (1)纯空格试题的解题技巧。 首先,分析句子结构,确定填哪类词。然后,再根据句子的...
高考英语语法填空解题技巧(洞口三中)_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧(洞口三中) - 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 语法
高考英语语法填空解题技巧 2.._图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧 2.._幼儿读物_幼儿教育_教育专区。高考英语语法填空解题技巧 2.. 语法填空 Warming up ? That was definitely not an attractive idea ...
广东高考英语语法填空考点讲解和解题方法.doc
广东高考英语语法填空考点讲解和解题方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。广东高考英语语法填空考点分析和解题方法(含三年真题练习) 语法填空要点一. 语法填空的考查范围: ...
高中英语语法填空解题技巧.doc
高中英语语法填空十三招: 语法填空是近年来高考英语科新推出的一种题型. 这种...二、未给单词提示题型的技巧 此类题难度较大,但也是有方法对付的。技巧七:固定...
...北师大版《语法填空设题分析及解题技巧与方法 (共26....ppt
高考英语复习北师大版《语法填空设题分析及解题技巧与方法 (共26张PPT)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语语法填空 设题分析及解题技 巧与方法 ? Teaching goals...
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 - 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法 ?语法填空
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_图文.ppt
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。英语语法填空...
更多相关标签: