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2019湖南省汝城二中届高三英语语法复习系列讲解--宾语从句四注意精品教育.doc

高中宾语从句讲解 宾语从句使用--四注意 宾语从句作为一个重要的语法知识, 是每 年高考的必考点,宾语从句 使用也有很多应只注意的地方,今 天我们就总 结了高中英语宾语从今 常见的四点错误,希望对同学们有用处! 一、高中宾语从句要点之时态的呼应 1. 如果主句是一般现在时、一般将来时或祈使句时,宾语从句可根据 情况使 用各种时态。例如: I hear she is here today(she was here yesterday/ she will be here tomorrow.) 2. 如果主句是一般过去时,宾语从句应使用过去时态的某种形式。例 如: He said he was watching TV(he had sw ept the floor/ he would play football after school)。 3. 如宾语从句所叙述的是客观事实、自然现象或科学真理等,从句不 受主句时态限制,仍用一般现在时。例如: Our teacher told us that light travels fas ter than sound. 二、高中宾语从句要点之引导词的使用 1. 当宾语从句由陈述句变化而来时,用that 来引导从句,that 常无具体 意义,一般可省略。例如: L in Tao thought(that)the TV play was very boring. 2. 当宾语从句是由一般疑问句变化而来时,要用 if 或 whether 来引导
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从句。例如: David asked his mother if/ whether she liked the dinner last night. 3. 当宾语从句是由特殊疑问句变化而来时,原句中的疑问词充当连接 代词(如 who, whose, what, which)或连接副词(如 when, where, why, how),引导宾语从句。例如: Do you know what we can do on the island? I don’t know why Jane was late for school this morning. 三、高中宾语从句要点之语序的陈述化 宾语从句一般要用陈述句语序。例如: When did he leave? I want to know. →I want to know when he left. Does the shop close at six every day? Do you know? →Do you know if/ whether the shop closes at six every day? 四、高中宾语从句要点之否定转移 当主句的谓语动词为 think, believe, suppose 等动词,且主语为第一人 称时,从句的否定要转移到主句上。例如: I don’t believe he is here on time, is he? I don’t th ink Tom is the best student in his class, is he?
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