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2013年下期高一期末复习指导之简答题_图文

阅读简答题

------解题指导

“阅读简答题”简称SAQ = Short Answer Questions

简答题测什么?
理解归纳信息和英语表达能力

简答题命题设计类型有哪些?
?细节理解
?判断推理 ?主旨大意 题目的呈现形式有特殊问句和祈使句。

做简答题要注意什么?
? 信息针对,答案有据可查、有本可依。 ? 答问协调,注意表达对称和前后左右的语言形式。 ? 表达简洁, 应用压缩, 加工, 归纳等组织信息的方法。 ? 注意大小写,标点符号,词数,不能出现时态、句式、词形 等语法错误。 ? 呈现答案不是唯一

市【评分标准】 1. 大小写、单复数错误不扣分; 2. 本节各題若超过限定的词数记0分; 3. 划线部分为答案核心词,给出核心词至少可计1分。

I、阅读回答问通(共5个小题,计10分)阅读下面短文,根据第1至 第5小题的具体要求简要回答问题。 (2012 市统考题) Different weather makes people feel different. It influences health, intelligence and feelings. In August, it is very hot and wet in the southern part of the United States. People there have heart trouble and other kinds of health problems during this month. The weather can also influence intelligence. For example, in a 1983 report by scientists, IQ (智商)of a group students were very high when a very strong wind came, but after the strong wind their IQ was 10% below. The wind can help people have more intelligence. Very hot weather, on the other hand, can make it lower. Students in many schools of the United States often get worse on exams in the hot months of the year (July and August). Weather also has a strong influence on people’s feelings. Winter may be a bad time for the people. They might feel unhappy during cold weather. But fat people may have a hard time in hot summer. People feel best at a temperature of about 18 centigrade. Are you feeling sad, tired, forgetful, unhappy today? It may be the weather’s problem.

1. In the southern part of the USA, do people have heart trouble in hot weather or in cold weather? (within 3 words) In hot weather. 2. In what kind of weather can students get better on exams? (within 4 words) Windy. 3. Who may have a hard time in summer according to the text? (within 2 words) Fat people. 4. In what condition do people feel best? (within 7 words ) At a temperature of about 18 centigrade. 5. What is the main idea of the text? ( within 8 words ) 5. Different weather makes people feel different. / Different weather may have different influence on people.

1. In the southern part of the USA, do people have heart trouble in hot weather or in cold weather? (within 3 words) In hot weather. In August, it is very hot and wet in the southern part of the United States. People there have heart trouble and other kinds of health problems during this month. 选择疑问句的回答: 1. A 2. B 3. Either(二者必一)

2. In what kind of weather can students get better on exams? (within 4 words) Windy. IQ (智商)of a group students were very high when a very strong wind came, but after the strong wind their IQ was 10% below.

3. Who may have a hard time in summer according to the text? (within 2 words) Fat people.

But fat people may have a hard time in hot summer.

4. In what condition do people feel best? (within 7 words ) At a temperature of about 18 centigrade. People feel best at a temperature of about 18 centigrade.

5. What is the main idea of the text? ( within 8 words ) 5. Different weather makes people feel different. / Different weather may have different influence on people.
Different weather makes people feel different. … In August, it is very hot and wet in the southern part of the United States. … The weather can also influence intelligence. … Weather also has a strong influence on people’s feelings. Winter may be a bad time for the people. They might feel unhappy during cold weather. But fat people may have a hard time in hot summer. People feel best at a temperature of about 18 entigrade. …. It may be the weather ’s problem.

2011年市统考题 Imagine this: your parents go away on business, but you have to stay at home alone. Would life be as easy as when your parents are around? Would it be a perfect holiday for you? “I can fill an empty stomach with tomato and egg soup. I think many of my classmates are the same. We wouldn’t know what to do, or how to look after ourselves,” said Zheng Chenyu. “As soon as I leave home, I’ll learn to cook. But now parents do almost everything for us. We’re very lazy,” she said. Most teenagers only have time for their homework. They don’t learn any life skills until they go to college. However, Sima Yige doesn’t think so. “I think I’d be all right. I wouldn’t just eat sandwiches or fruit. I know how to cook some simple dishes because my mum showed me," the 13-year-old boy said. In his opinion, many teenagers depend too much on their parents, and there is much more to learn than cooking. For most teenagers it wouldn’t be a holiday at all.

? 1. What would Zheng Chenyu probably eat when her parents are away on business? (No more than 8 words) She would have tomato and egg soup. ? 2. What will Zheng Chenyu learn to do as soon as she leaves home? (No more than 5 words) She will learn to cook. ? 3. Why don’t teenagers learn any life skills until they go to college? (No more than 8 words) Because they only have time for their homework. ? 4. What does Sima Yige think of the teenagers? (No more than 10 words) Many teenagers depend too much on their parents. ? 5. Will life be as easy for teenagers living alone as when their parents are around? (No more than 5 words) No, they won’t.

注意词组与词的转换 since Maybe, but now that he has been so rude to us. I feel we have to punish him or he won't respect us. 也许吧,可是既然他对我们那么粗鲁无礼,那我觉得 我们有必要教训教训他,要不然他不会尊重我们的。 we also give messages to inform the parents of events such as outings and school plays. like 我们还会广播一些通知,告诉家长们有关诸如远足、 校内戏剧表演之类的活动讯息。 I used to go to the gym three times a week, but I don’t work out any more. exercise 我以前常去健身房,一周三次,可我现在不再锻炼了。

Police in America have stepped up their search for a fifteen-year-old boy who went missing three days ago in Dover, New Hampshire. disappeared 美国警方现已加紧对一名15岁男孩的搜索,该男孩于 三天前在新罕布什尔州的多佛市失踪。 I didn’t see him, but I heard him put on his favourite CD. play 我并没有看到他,但我听到他放了自己最喜爱的CD。 So, while we have not dismissed the idea, we are looking into other possibilities as well. too 所以,尽管我们不排除这种想法,但是我们也在调查其 他的可能性。

Afterwards
After that, we’ll be moving on to Tanzania, where we’re going to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. 之后我们将继续前进至坦桑尼亚,在那里我们要攀登 乞力马扎罗山。

The trees which are behind the office building have lost their leaves. The trees behind the office building have lost their leaves.

The aliens took me aboard the UFO so that they could do research on me. 那些外星人将我劫持到飞船上,以便他们在我身上做研 究。 The aliens took me aboard the UFO (in order / so as) to do research on me.

答题策略
1) 把问句吃透。分析结构, 句意, 有的放矢地
到文章中找信息点。

2)划出疑问词和时态,确定要答的是什么成分、
哪种时态,以免偏离方向。

3)注意题干的设问,掌握答题技巧 。

答题切入点
1. 人称的转换(人称、单复数等一致) 2012湖南83:Over three years later I still work at that restaurant whenever I go home ____________________ during vacations. I love my co-workers there ___________________________ and all the customers know who I am. Q: Why does the author still work at the restaurant during vacations? (No more than 13 words) Because he loves his co-workers and all the customers know who he is.

2. 时态的确定 2012湖南81:Now I still remember my first day at a fast food restaurant three years ago. I ___________ wanted to save up money and buy my own car, so __________________________________ I applied everywhere I could that summer.
Q: Why did the author apply everywhere that summer? (No more than 12 words) Because he wanted to save up money and buy his own car.

2.
When I was young, I always liked playing “dressing up”, but when I entered high school, there was a big change. For me, my mother’s ________________ clothes were no longer “in fashion”, and neither ___________________________________ was her opinion. ___________ Q: What did the writer think of her mother’s clothes and advice? (no more than 7 words)

(She thought) they were out of fashion/date.

I got up a little late that morning. To make matters worse, I got stuck in traffic and ended up late for school. The teacher said nothing but just __________ glared at me. Why was the teacher angry with the writer? (no more than 6 words) Because he was late for school.

3.成分的确定(根据疑问词和句型确定) 2012湖南84: From my first job at the restaurant, I learned teamwork and devotion. I _________________ also learned staying positive no matter how rough ___________ things seem to get. Q: What did the author learn from his first job? (No more than 10 words) (He learned) teamwork, devotion, and staying positive in rough situations.

4. 字数的确定(根据答题要求) I think the Chinese people are very _______ friendly. Also, they are the most hardworking _________ in the world. Q: What does the author think of the Chinese?

They are very friendly and hardworking (6 words) He thinks they are very friendly and hardworking.
(8 words)

Friendly and hardworking . (3words)

Exercises

1.He is a new teacher. He comes from England.
from

--He is a new teacher _________ England .

2.I normally jog because I want to look good. I want to run because it makes me feel good. Q: How is running different from jogging to the author?<12(2011, 84)
Running makes her feel good while jogging makes her look good.

3.The girl who is sitting beside the door is my sister.
sitting beside the door is my sister. The girl _______

4.Tom is taller than any other boy in our class.
tallest Tom is the________ boy in our class.

5.The little girl was so tired that she couldn’t go any further.
too tired to The little girl was ___________go any further.

I、阅读回答问通(共5个小题,计10分)阅读下面短文,根据第1至 第5小题的具体要求简要回答问题。 (2012 市统考题) Different weather makes people feel different. It influences health, intelligence and feelings. In August, it is very hot and wet in the southern part of the United States. People there have heart trouble and other kinds of health problems during this month. The weather can also influence intelligence. For example, in a 1983 report by scientists, IQ (智商)of a group students were very high when a very strong wind came, but after the strong wind their IQ was 10% below. The wind can help people have more intelligence. Very hot weather, on the other hand, can make it lower. Students in many schools of the United States often get worse on exams in the hot months of the year (July and August). Weather also has a strong influence on people’s feelings. Winter may be a bad time for the people. They might feel unhappy during cold weather. But fat people may have a hard time in hot summer. People feel best at a temperature of about 18 centigrade. Are you feeling sad, tired, forgetful, unhappy today? It may be the weather’s problem.

1. In the southern part of the USA, do people have heart trouble in hot weather or in cold weather? (within 3 words) In hot weather. 2. In what kind of weather can students get better on exams? (within 4 words) Windy. 3. Who may have a hard time in summer according to the text? (within 2 words) Fat people. 4. In what condition do people feel best? (within 7 words ) At a temperature of about 18 centigrade. 5. What is the main idea of the text? ( within 8 words ) 5. Different weather makes people feel different. / Different weather may have different influence on people.

Keys to getting higher marks

6. 语义的确定(在理解的基础上答题)
Most Chinese students are reactive rather than “proactive language learners”. Instead of actively seeking out opportunities to improve their spoken English they passively wait for speaking opportunities to come to them and wonder why their English always remains poor. Q: By “proactive language learners”, what does the writer mean? (no more than 12 words) Students should actively seek out opportunities to improve their spoken English.

人称和时态的确定 There is one thing about my mother that drives me crazy. She calls me 10:30 p. m. every night to make sure I’ve arrived home safely. If I ____________________________ accidentally miss her call, she will keep calling all my friends and roommates until she “tracks me down”. Q 81: Why does the author’s mother track her down? (no more than 9 words) Because she wants to make sure of her safety. To make sure she arrives home safely.

成分的确定(根据疑问词和句型确定) However, compared with other parents I ran into recently at a matchmaking meeting, my __________________ mother is not that overprotective.

Q82: What has changed the author’s opinion of her mother? (no more than 3 words) The/A matchmaking event.

字数的确定(根据答题要求) I believe Chinese parents are the most dedicated and devoted parents in the world. ________________

Q83: What does the author think of Chinese parents? (no more than 8 words)
They are the most dedicated and devoted parents. The most dedicated and devoted .(5 words) Dedicated and devoted .(3 words)

1. Why did the author apply everywhere that summer? (No more than 12 words)
1. He wanted to save up money and buy his own car.

I wanted to save up money and buy my own car, so I applied
everywhere I could that summer.

3. Why does the author still work at the restaurant during vacations?(No more than 13 words)
He loves his coworkers and all the customers know who he is. Over three years later I still work at that restaurant whenever I go home during vacations. I love my coworkers there and all the customers know who I am.

82. Why did Linda join the American Women's Club of Toronto? (No more than 10 words) (2 marks) 82.She joined it for fellowship and community service. Linda and Tony are an American couple living in Toronto, Canada, and Linda did charitable work as a member of the American Women's Club of Toronto. As the name suggests, members are U.S. citizens living in Toronto, who join together for fellowship and community service.

83. Why did Linda ask for a second wish list? (No more than 15 words)

(3 marks)

83.She want to give the children some other gifts rather than the basics. Last year Linda asked the mother for a second wish list--one that didn't include the basics. "Every child should have a Christmas that sticks with them for a lifetime." She purchased iPods for the two older children and a video game system for the youngest. "I have learned a very valuable lesson in all of this," says Linda. "Pay attention to what's going on in your own backyard--no matter where you live."

4.How would Podell promote her project in New York? (No more than 15 words)
4. She would promote it to each public space with the help of volunteers. 信息整合题。考查信息的整合和表达。根据倒数第二段的

“…she would like to promote it to each public space in New York, which would be carried out by various volunteers across the city.”可直

接将定语从句转换成介词短语with the help of volunteers。


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