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高二英语外研版选修9课件:Unit3《TheQinTombandtheTerracottaWarriors》SectionⅢ_图文

精 剖 析 Section Ⅲ Integrating Skills & Grammar 全 剖 析 protect...from...保护……免受…… (教材P36)In the 7th and 6th centuries BC, individual sections were built by different states in order to protect themselves from warrior tribes from the north. 在公元前第七和第六世纪,个别部分是由不同的国家为了保护自己免受北 方的武士部落侵害而建的。 He raised his arm to protect his face from the blow. 他抬起手臂保护脸免受打击。 protect sb./ sth.against?=from?sb./sth. 保护……免遭…… This special cream will protect your skin from/against the burning sun.这种独 特的乳霜可以保护皮肤免受烈日的伤害。 完成句子 ①你们应该保护孩子不让其受冻。 You should________________the cold. ②戴墨镜可以保护眼睛不受阳光刺激。 Wearing dark glasses can____________the sun. 【答案】 ①protect the children from/against ②protect your eyes from/against set off 出发;引发 (教材 P36)When Meng Jiangnü did not get any news from her husband, she set off to visit him. 当孟姜女得不到丈夫的任何消息时,她便动身去拜访他。 (2015· 陕西高考· 阅读理解)The fouryearold dog set off racing after the sheep across several fields and,being a city animal,lost both her sheep and her sense of direction. 这只四岁的狗开始跨越好几个牧场去追那只绵羊,结果因为它是城市里长 大的动物,既没有追上绵羊自己还迷路了。 Do be careful with these fireworks, the slightest spark could set them off. 这些烟火要格外小心,稍有火星就能引起爆炸。 set up set out set down set back set aside set apart set about (doing) sth. 开办;建立;设立 动身;开始; 记下;登记;放下 (把钟等)往回拨;推迟 挑出;不顾;取消 使分离;使显得突出 开始干…… It is now our aim to set up a factory. 我们现在的目的是创办一座工厂。 After several delays, he finally set out at 8 o'clock. 几经耽搁,他终于在八点钟出发了。 He set aside a little money each week. 他每周都留出一些钱备用。 完成句子 ①我们现在动身去爬山。 We now____________the hill. ②他们在海滨附近搭起了一个帐篷。 They____________near the seashore. ③她把书放在一旁,点了一支香烟。 She____________and lit a cigarette. ④他在十岁时开始学中文。 He____________Chinese at age ten. 【答案】 ①set out to climb about learning/set out to learn ②set up a tent ③set aside her book ④set (教材 P36)On_arriving_there,_she discovered that her husband had died. 到了那里,她发现她的丈夫已经死了。 【句式分析】 介词 on/upon 作“在……时;一……就……”讲时,后跟 v.ing 或名词形式,相当于 as soon as 引导的状语从句。 On seeing the snake, the girl was very frightened. =As soon as the girl saw the snake, she was very frightened. 一看到那条蛇,这个女孩就十分害怕。 On/Upon our arrival home, we were warmly greeted by our parents. =As soon as we arrived home, we were warmly greeted by our parents. 一到家,我们就受到了父母的热烈欢迎。 英语中,表示“一……就……”的句型或结构还有: ①用作特殊连词的名词短语“the moment / the instant /the minute/the second +从句+主句”。 ②用作特殊连词的副词“immediately/instantly/directly+从句+主句”。 ③结构no sooner...than和hardly/scarcely...when。?no sooner或hardly/scarcely 放句首时,句子用部分倒装形式?? We started the moment we got your letter. 我们一收到你的信就