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2014高考英语短文改错抓分练习(6)

2014 高考英语短文改错抓分练习(6)及答案
【海口市 2013 高考英语模拟题】 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 英语课上,老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下小短文为你同桌所写,请你对其 进行修改。短文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 3.必须按答题要求做题。否则不给分。 I will share with you a true story happened a couple of days ago. One of my classmate bought a bag of snacks from a food store. A few roommates were then invited to enjoy snacks. Unluckily, all of them got poisoned and had stomachaches with our faces pale. They are quickly sent to a nearby hospital. Doctors examined them but gave them some medicine. They were out of danger soon before taking the medicine. This accident should make us to realize the seriousness of the food safety problem. I strong suggest that the whole society pays more attention to food safety.

【参考答案】短文改错 I will share with you a true story∧ happened a couple of days ago. One of my classmate that/which classmates bought a bag of snacks from a food store. A few roommates were then invited to enjoy ∧ snacks. the Unluckily, all of them got poisoned and had stomachaches with our faces pale. They are their were
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happening

quickly sent to a nearby hospital. Doctors examined them but gave them some medicine. They and were out of danger soon before taking the medicine. This accident should make us to realize the after 去掉 to

seriousness of the food safety problem. I strong suggest that the whole society pays more attention strongly to food safety. pay

短文改错 (2010·唐山联考) When I was a child, my mom was pushed me to study hard,1.________ hoping I could get a chance to go to college. I experience2.________ pressure for the first time. I did that my mom expected3.________ because I didn't want to let her off. I was born to a poor4.________ peasant family, but I really knew life was not easy. All the5.________ things my mother did was the result of her hope that I could6.________ lead better life in the future. As the saying goes, “No pains7.________ no gains.”I was finally able to meet my mother expectations and8.________ have a chance to go to college. Thanks to my mother's push and the 9.________ pressure, I made it. Now, I no longer think pressure is a good thing.10.________ 答案与解析: 1.去掉第二个 was 此处不用被动语态,故 was 多余。 2.experience→experienced 此处应用一般过去时态,与全文时态保持一致。 3.that→what 这里用 what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作宾语,that 没有这种用法。

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4.off→down 结合上下文可知此处意为“我不想让她失望”,故应用 let sb. down 表示“让某人失望”。 5.but→and 或 so 此处应为顺承关系而非转折关系,故将 but 改为 and 或 so。 6.was→were 此处主语为 all the things,故应用 were。 7.better 前加 a lead a better life 表示“过一种更好的生活”。

8.mother→mother's 此处表示“达到了妈妈的期望”,故应用其所有格形式。 9.√ 10.good→bad 根据上文可知此处是指“我不再认为压力是一件坏事”,故应将 good 改为 bad。

短文改错 (2010·保定调研) Last Sunday I went to the Bird's Nest Stadium. At gate1.________ I happened to meet some young America tourists.I greeted2.________ to them in English and then we began to chat. From the chat3.________ I learned that they were college students traveling in Beijing4.________ but most of them were fond of Chinese culture. They were5.________ busy taking pictures and they seem to be much impressed by6.________ the changes which had been taken place in the past few years.7.________ After come out of the Stadium, we went to the Water Cubic(水立方)8.________ and had a good time there. We exchanged our email address so that9.________ we could write to each other later. They thanked us again and again.10.________ I was very glad to have the chance to practise my oral English. 答案与解析:

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1.gate 前加 the 此处表示特指,指的是鸟巢体育馆的大门。 2.America→American 应该用形容词来修饰名词。 3.去掉第一个 to greet 是及物动词,可直接加宾语,不必加 to。 4.√ 5.but→and 来北京和喜欢中国文化为并列关系而非转折,应用 and 表示并列。 6.seem→seemed 根据事情发生的时间 last Sunday 和全文的时态可知,此处也应用 一般过去时。 7.去掉 been take place 无被动语态。 8.come→coming 介词 after 后要用动名词形式。 9.address→addresses 交换的是双方的邮箱地址,故此处应用复数形式。 10.us→me 是“我”帮助了他们,因此用 me。

【海口市 2013 高考英语模拟题】 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 英语课上,老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下小短文为你同桌所写,请你对其 进行修改。短文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增 加、删除或 修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 3.必须按答题要求做题。否则不给分。 I will share with you a true story happened a couple of days ago. One of my classmate bought a bag of snacks from a food store. A few roommates were then invited to enjoy snacks.

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Unluckily, all of them got poisoned and had stomachaches with our faces pale. They are quickly sent to a nearby hospital. Doctors examined them but gave them some medicine. They were out of danger soon before taking the medicine. This accident should make us to realize the seriousness of the food safety problem. I strong suggest that the whole society pays more attention to food safety.

【参考答案】短文改错 I will share with you a true story∧ happened a couple of days ago. One of my classmate that/which classmates bought a bag of snacks from a food store. A few roommates were then invited to enjoy ∧ snacks. the Unluckily, all of them got poisoned and had stomachaches with our faces pale. They are their were 或 happening

quickly sent to a nearby hospital. Doctors examined them but gave them some medicine. They and were out of danger soon before taking the medicine. This accident should make us to realize the after 去掉 to

seriousness of the food safety problem. I strong suggest that the whole society pays more attention strongly to food safety. pay

短文改错 (2010·重庆调研) Today is Sunday. We had not lessons. After breakfast1.________
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I wanted to do with my homework when Li Lei rang me.2.________ He asked me to go to the cinema with he. I agreed, but3.________ I have to finish my homework first. About an hour later,4.________ we went out. In the way we saw Kate; she was mending5.________ her bike. She looked very worry.“Let us help you.” Li Lei6.________ and I all said. “All right.” And we stopped to help her.7.________ There was nothing much wrong with the bike, so it cost8.________ us only several minutes time to finish it. Kate was very 9.________ thankful. When we hurried to the cinema, the film had10.________ been on for ten minutes. But we felt happy. 答案与解析: 1.not→no “没有课”应是 have no lessons 或 don't have any lessons。 2.去掉 with do 是及物动词,直接跟名词作宾语。 3.he→him 介词后跟代词时要用宾格。 4.have→had 本文是叙述过去发生的事情。 5.In→On “在??途中”是 on the way。 6.worry→worried “她看上去很着急”,应该用形容词作表语。 7.all→both 因为只有我和李蕾两人。 8.cost→took “花费时间做什么”要用 It takes some time to do something。 9.去掉 time 有具体的时间名词 minutes,无须再用 time。 10.√

短文改错(2010·成都检测) My father and I am taking a camping trip in July1.________
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and August. We will travel for about two months but2.________ will tour the United States and parts of the Canada. We3.________ have decided to camp because it does not spend as much4.________ as vacationing in hotels, but we had to plan carefully. I5.________ think the car what we are going to drive is very small, so6.________ we decide to take only one small suitcase for both of them7.________ and as few camping things as possibly. We will take some8.________ medicine with us prevent insects from hurting us, and also9.________ some food for picnics. I'm sure that we will have fun.10.________ 答案与解析: 1.am→are 本句的主句是 my father and I,所以谓语动词用复数形式。 2.but→and 此处表示的是顺承关系,而不是转折关系。 3.删去第二个 the 一般情况下,表示国家的单个词语前不加冠词。 4.spend→cost 本句的主语不是人,而是 it,所以用 cost。 5.had→have 短文全篇叙述的都是现在和将来的情况。 6.what→that/which 或删去 what “that/which we are going to drive”是定语 从句,修饰先行词 the car,关系代词在从句中作宾语,可以省略。 7.them→us 根据文章的开头部分可知这里指的是作者本人和作者的父亲,因此应用 us。 8.possibly→possible as...as possible 表示“尽可能??”。 9.prevent 前加 to 此处是不定式短语作目的状语。 10.√

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短文改错(2010·绵阳诊断) Tom is a little boy, but he is only seven years old. One day he1.________ went to the cinema. It was the first time for him to do that. He2.________ bought a ticket and then went out. But after two or three minutes3.________ he came out and bought the second ticket and went in again. After a4.________ few minutes he comes out again and bought a third ticket. Two5.________ or three minutes later he came out and asked another ticket.6.________ Then the girl in the ticket office who asked him, “Why do you7.________ buy so many ticket? How many friends do you meet?” Tom8.________ answered,”No, I have not friends here. But a big boy always 9.________ stops me at the door and tear my ticket to pieces.”10.________ 答案与解析: 1.but 改为 and 依据语境,这里前后句之间是并列关系而不是转折关系。 2.√ 3.out 改为 in 依据语境,男孩买票走进电影院。 4.the 改为 a 下文 bought a third ticket 有暗示。序数词前用不定冠词,表示“再 一,又一”。 5.comes 改为 came 结合行文逻辑,这里应用一般过去时。男孩进去又出来了。 6.asked 后加 for ask for sth.表示“要求得到??”。 7.去掉 who 这里不是定语从句,假如是定语从句,原句缺少主句。 8.ticket 改为 tickets so many 后接复数名词。 9.not 改为 no not 是副词,不能修饰名词,应改为 no。 10.tear 改为 tears 这里 stop 和 tear 是并列谓语动词,要用第三人称单数的一般 现在时。

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