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人教版英语必修一课后练习:Unit2 English around the world(1)(含答案)

必修 1 Unit2 English around the world(一)课后练习
主讲教师:麻雪玲 北京市英语教师 题一: In doing scientific experiments, one must be ____ careful with the instruments. A. rather than B. more than C. less than D. other than The heat there was ____ he could stand. A. rather than B. less than C. more than D. other than. 题二: Modern science is ____ a large amount of information. A. rather than B. other than C. less than D. more than It took _____ building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, too. A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than 题三: 请用名词 travel, journey, trip 和 voyage 填空。 1. I took a _____ from Beijing to Shanghai last year. 2. She usually gets seasick during the _____. 3. We made a boat ______ to the island last week and had a good time. 4. At present, many people are fond of ______ in their spare time. 题四: 请用名词 travel, journey, trip 和 voyage 填空。 1. They made a ______ across the Pacific by air. 2. —How long is your ______ to school? —Only about 10 minutes. 3. They came home after years of foreign ______. 4. I will be on a ______ to the south next summer holiday. 题五: 用 if, as if, even if 填空。 1._____ you love life, life will love you back. 2. _____ it should rain tomorrow, we will continue our work. 3. It’s _____ all eyes are focused on me. 题六: 用 if, as if, even if 填空。 1. He acted _____ he hadn’t heard any of it. 2. _____ you don’t like it, don’t vote for him. 3. I wouldn’t lose courage _____ I should fail ten times. 题七: He ______ what seemed like a clever wheeze. A. came about B. came up with C. put up with D. came out 题八: That question did ______ in the examination. A. come up B. came up with C. put up with D. come out 题九: We can’t make a decision ______ hearsay and guesswork. A. based on B. basing on C. base on D. to base on

题十: Theory that ______ practice can in turn serves practice. A. based on B. is based on C. basing on

D. base on

题十一: At ______, children under 14 are not permitted in bars. A. thankful B. present C. interested D. important Gucci will be holding fashion shows to ______ their autumn collection. A. thankful B. interested C. present D. important 题十二: You are sincerely requested to be ______ at the party. A. present B. interested C. thankful D. important Her dream is to _____ a lifestyle show on television _____ the public. A. offer; with B. give; for C. present; with D. present; to 题十三: Every minute should be made good use ______ for the coming exam. A. of preparing B. of to prepare C. to preparing 题十四: Money is neither good nor bad, but all depends on what use is ______ it. A. made of B. made with C. made D. made from 题十五: Of the two, ______ is better than the former. A. the latter B. later

D. to prepare

C. the later

D. latter

题十六: Three days ______, he came home, hungry and tired. A. the latter B. later C. the later 题十七: He was assisted by ______ other members. A. a great deal of B. a number of C. a lot The number of staff ______ from 217,000 to 114,000. A. have declined B. has declined C. has declining

D. latter

D. the number of D. have declining

题十八: ______ customers order the same sandwich every day. A. The surprising number of B. A great deal of C. A surprising number of D. A lot The number of young people obtaining qualifications ______ decreased. A. has remaining B. have remained C. have remaining D. has remained 题十九: Management is confident about ______ business is progressing. A. the way which B. the way in that C. the way that D. the way of which 题二十: This is ______ is important for us. A. the way that B. the way in which C. the way D. the way of which 题二十一:

He did not think she could ______ his car in the snow. A. know B. see C. recognize 题二十二: She had changed so much that I could hardly _____ her. A. recognize B. know C. see

D. meet

D. meet

必修 1 Unit2 English around the world(一)
课后练习参考答案
题一: B; C 解析: 句意:在做科学实验的时候,一个人必须非常细心地操作仪器。more than 意思是非常;rather than 而不是; less than 少于;other than(相当于 but)除了。 句意:那儿的炎热程度是他所不能忍受的。 more than 和后面的 could 连用,表示超过??,或者非??所能的意思;rather than 而不是; less than 少于; other than(相当于 but)除了。 题二: D;B 解析: 句意:现代科学不仅仅是大量的信息。more than 不仅仅;rather than 而不是;other than(相当于 but)除了; less than 少于。 句意:建造这些节能住宅不仅仅需要供给建筑材料,还需要人类的大脑。more than 不仅仅;other than(相 当于 but)除了;rather than 而不是;less than 少于。 题三: journey;voyage;trip;travel 解析:journey 指从一地到另一地,通常指陆地上的远距离“旅行” ,有时也可以表示经常走的或长或短的“路 程” 。只作名词。voyage 主要指远距离的水上旅行,也可以指空中旅行,意为“航海、航空、航行”等。trip 一般指时间短、距离近的“旅行、远足” ,也可以指长途旅行。travel 作“旅行、游历”解,一般表示从一地 到另一地旅行这一总的概念。常指长时间、远距离的“旅行” 。尤指出国旅行。 题四: voyage;journey;travel;trip 解析:voyage 主要指远距离的水上旅行,也可以指空中旅行,意为“航海、航空、航行”等。journey 指从一 地到另一地,通常指陆地上的远距离“旅行” ,有时也可以表示经常走的或长或短的“路程” 。只作名词。travel 作“旅行、游历”解,一般表示从一地到另一地旅行这一总的概念。常指长时间、远距离的“旅行” 。尤指出 国旅行。trip 一般指时间短、距离近的“旅行、远足” ,也可以指长途旅行。 题五: 1. If 解析: 1. 句意:热爱生活,生活也会厚爱你。if 是“如果”的意思。 2. 句意:即使明天下雨, 我们也要继续工作。even if 是“即使”的意思。 3. 句意:好像所有的目光都聚集在我身上似的。as if 是“似乎”的意思。 题六: 1. as if 解析: 1. 句意:他表现得好像对此毫不知情。as if 是“似乎”的意思。 2. 句意:如果你不喜欢,不要投他的票不就得了。if 是“如果”的意思。 3. 句意:即使要失败十次,我也绝不灰心。even if 是“即使”的意思。 题七: B 解析:句意:他提出了一个看起来还不错的主意。此处 come up with 是提出的意思。 题八: A 解析:句意:那个问题确实在考试中出现了。此处 come up 意思是出现的意思,前面加 did 表示强调,即的 确的意思。 题九: A 解析:句意:我们不能依靠传言和猜测,就做出决定。此处 decision 和 base 之间构成被动,所以 base 要用-ed 2. If 3. even if 2. Even if 3. as if

形式。 题十: B 解析:句意:建立在实践上的理论反过来又为实践服务。that 引导的是定语从句,横线的地方在定语从句中 作谓语,所以要用 is based on。 题十一: B;C 解析: 句意:目前,14 岁以下儿童不允许进酒吧。此处 at present 是副词短语,表示现在。 句意:古奇将举办时装发布会推出他们的秋装系列。此处 present 做动词使用,意思是展示或者推出。 题十二: A;D 解析: 句意:敬请您光临晚会。此处 present 是形容词,意思是出席的、到场的。 句意:她的梦想是为观众主持一档电视时尚生活节目。此处 present sth. to sb.意思是给某人提供某物的意思; offer 要用 offer sth. to sb.;give 要用 give sth. to sb.。 题十三: B 解析:句意:为了即将到来的考试做好准备,每一分钟都要很好地利用。make good use of 是固定搭配,后面 的 to 是动词不定式标志,用动词不定式做目的状语,表示为了??。 题十四: A 解析:句意:金钱本身无好坏, 要看怎样利用它。此处考查 make use of sth.的被动语态的使用,它的被动态是 Use be made of sth.。 题十五: A 解析:句意:二者中后者比前者好。the former??, the latter 是前者??,后者??的意思。 题十六: B 解析:句意:三天后,他又累又饿地回来了。later 用于一段时间后,表示??之后。 题十七: B;B 解析: 句意:他得到其他一些成员的相助。a great deal of 是大量的,修饰不可数名词;a lot 修饰名词的时候要加 of; the number of 意思是??的数量;a number of 表示许多,修饰可数名词的复数形式。 句意:员工人数从 21.7 万减少到了 11.4 万。the number of 意思是??的数量,后面跟可数名词的复数形式, 做主语时,后面要用单数谓语动词,而且此处是现在完成时,所以 has 后面要用过去分词。 题十八: C;D 解析: 句意:每天点同一种三明治的顾客多得惊人。the number of 意思是??的数量;a great deal of 是大量的,修 饰不可数名词;a lot 修饰名词的时候要加 of;a number of 表示许多,修饰可数名词的复数形式。 句意:获得资格证的年轻人数量一直保持下降趋势。the number of 意思是??的数量,后面跟可数名词的复 数形式,做主语时,后面要用单数谓语动词,而且此处是现在完成时,在 has 后面要用过去分词。 题十九: C 解析:句意:管理层对业务发展的方式充满信心。先行词是 way,关系词在从句中做状语的时候,定语从句 的引导词要用 that,in which 或者省略。 题二十: A 解析:句意:这是对我们很重要的方法。先行词是 way,关系词在从句中做主语的时候,定语从句的引导词 要用 that 或者 which。 题二十一: C 解析:句意:他觉得她在雪天里认不出他的车子。此处 recognize:认出;know:熟悉、知道;see 看得到;

meet 遇见。 题二十二: meet:遇见。 A

解析:句意:她变了很多,我简直认不出来了。此处 recognize:认出;know:熟悉、知道;see:看得到;


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