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广东英语高考完型填空技巧


2012 年 高三二轮复习

完型填空

完形填空题是一种集知识和能力为一体,立意新、要求高的综合性语言测试题。它是一种高 难度的障碍性阅读题, 此题旨在测试学生的综合应用语言能力, 同时又检测他们的分析判断 能力和连贯性思维能力。 一、做完形填空题时的步骤: 1. 通览全篇,识别文体 2. 先易后难,逐空试填 3. 瞻前顾后,找突破口 4. 检查验证,理清逻辑 二。高考常考命题点:1、前后照应 2、词义比较 3、逻辑推理 4、常识运用(背景知识、 生活常识)5、固定搭配 (2011.广东高考) It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes, The 1 has been on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their intellectual (智力 的) growth by 2 situation that has designed for the 3 children. There can be little doubt that 4 classes can help the gifted children to graduate earlier and take their place in life sooner. However, to take these 5 out of the regular classes may create serious problems. I observed a number of 6 children who were taken out of a special class and placed in a 7 class. In the special class, they showed little ability to use their own judgment, relying 8 on their teachers’ directions. In the regular class, having no worry about keeping up, they began to reflect 9 on many problems, some of which were not on the school program. Many are concerned that gifted children become 10 and lose interest in learning. However this 11 is more often from parents and teachers than from students, and some of these 12 simply conclude that special classes should be set up for those who are 13 . Some top students do feel bored in class, but why they 14 so goes far beyond the work they have in school. Studies have shown that to be bored is to be anxious. The gifted child whop is bored is an 15 child. 1. A. principle B. theory C. arguments D. classification 2. A. designing B. grouping C. learning D. living 3. A. smart B. curious C. mature D. average 4. A. regular B. special C. small D. creative 5. A. children B. programs C. graduates D. designs 6. A. intelligent B. competent C. ordinary D. independent 7. A. separate B. regular C. new D. boring 8. A. specially B. slightly C. wrongly D. heavily 9. A, directly B. cleverly C. voluntarily D. quickly 10. A. doubted B. bored C. worried D. tired 11. A. concern B. conclusion C. reflection D. interest 12. A. students B. adults C. scholars D. teachers 13. A. talented B. worried C. learned D. interested 14. A. believe B. think C. say D. feel 15. A. outstanding B. intelligent C. anxious D. ordinary (2010.广东高考) Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors. Doors many have_ 21 __functions and purposes
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which lead to ___22__ differences. When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different__23___ and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word “PUSH” to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word “PULL” to_ 24____the building. This was new to me, because we use the ____25__ door in south Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors was also ____26__ to me .I used to take the school bus to classes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors,___27 _who were getting off the bus should get off first , and students who were getting on should get on __ 28_ . In south Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning, I hurried to the bus ,and when the bus doors opened, I___ 29____tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me, I was totally_ 30 _ _,and my face went red. 21. A.different B.important C.practical D.unusual 22. A.national B.embarrassing C.cultural D.amazing 23.exits B.entrances C.signs D.doors 24.A.enter B.leave C.open D.close 25. A.main B.same C.front D.back 26.A.annoying B.hard C.satisfying D.strange 27.A.parents B.students C.teachers D.drivers 28.A.sooner B.later C.faster D.earlier 29.A.politely B.patiently C.unconsciously D.slowly 30.A.embarrassed B.annoyed C.unsatisfied D.excited 考点突破: 一.利用上下文信息,选择正确答案 有时在同一小题中,两个或以上选项的答案似乎都没有问题,这种不确定的情况下,需要 通过上下文提供的信息点来判断考虑,确定正确答案。 例一: (2011 广东)It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes, The 1 has been on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their intellectual (智力的) growth by … 1. A. principle B. theory C. arguments D. classification 例二: (2010 广东)The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors,___27 _who were getting off the bus should get off first , and students who were getting on should get on __ 28_ 27.A.parents B.students C.teachers D.drivers 28.A.sooner B.later C.faster D.earlier 二..利用上下文语境,确定最佳选项 同一小题的四个选项都是同一词类和语法形式, 因此如果单从单个句子或个别段落去 分析,所给四个选项结构和语法上都对,但若放在整个语篇中则不一定正确,因此需要掌握 全文大意,通过上下文语境,进行恰当推理,得出正确答案。 (近几年的高考完形填空题主要考查考生对上下文的理解,要求考生通过语境来作出 选择。 “语境能力型” 试题具有相当难度,因为完形填空所给的四个选项往往在语法方面都 能成立,错误选项多半可以和空前、空后文字形成某种搭配,极具干扰和迷惑作用。做完形 填空题,需要我们立足语篇环境,树立全局观念,瞻前顾后,连贯思维,从语境角度来选择

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答案。 )例如: (1) Japan is an island country and its ___________ go all over Japan. (2) Japan is an island country and its________ go all over the Pacific looking for fish to catch. (3) Japan is an island country and its ______ go over the Pacific looking for the fish groups. (4) Japan is an island country and its_____ go on the Pacific looking for the missing people. (5)Japan is an island country and its_______ go all over Japan, sending people to and from work. 选择项:A. fishing boats B. lifeboats C. planes D. trains 例: ( 2009. 广东) Alfred Nobel became a millionaire and changed the ways of mining , construction,and warfare as the inventor of dynamite(炸药)…the article read. “Dr. Alfred Nobel,who became _23_ by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before,died yesterday. ”… Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to… 23. A. famous B. sick C. rich D. popular 三:准确辨认固定搭配,选出正确答案。 有时固定搭配挨得很近, 一眼就可以看出来, 但有时固定搭配被插入成分隔离, 因此答题时, 关注点不能只放在空格或单个句子上,一定要弄清前后的习惯搭配或句子结构。 例一: (2011 北京) I wasn’t the only one “new”at the game,so I decided to __9____on learning the game,do my best at each practice session,and not be too hard on myself for the things I didn’t know “just yet”. 9.A.focus B.act C.rely D.try 例二: (2009 广东)Nobel arranged in his _27_ to give the largest part of his money to _28_ the Nobel prizes,which would be awarded to people who。 。 。 28. A. establish B. form C. develop D. promote 四。利用词语关联,找出正确答案。 在根据上下文提示或暗示时,要考虑前后词语之间的关联性。如 patient 对应的可以是 hospital,clinic,waiting-room,ward 等“基础设施” ,也可以对应 doctor,nurse 等“职业” ,还可 以是 disease,medicine,pain,wound,injury 等,那么,当上下文出现其中若干个词语时,我们就 非常容易得出答案了。 例(2011 辽宁)We went into a big shop,but Tony was very particular about____7___.Although I tried to show him toy after toy,he was not to be pleased. 7.A.sweets B.toys C.clothes D.books 五.观察语篇标志,抓住体现文章结构的关键词,选出正确答案。 “语篇标志”是指那些表明语篇之间内在联系的词语,如表示结构层次的有 firstly,secondly,thirdly,finally 等,表示因果关系的有 thus,therefor,so 等,表示递进关系的有 bisides,what’s more,further 等,表示时间关系的有 before,so far, meanwhile,later 等,表示转折 关系的有 but,while,on the other hand, although 等。 解题时, 如果能充分利用这些语篇标志语, 正确判断上下文的关系,如转折关系、让步关系、因果关系、递进关系、增补关系、比较关 系、对比关系等,就可以迅速理清文章的脉络,从而作出正确的选择。如 例一: ( 2011. 全国) And she believe that her first-hand experience could be the truth.The professor,however,said that it was__52_ . 52.A.firm B.interesting C.wrong D.acceptable 例二: (2011 广东)However this concern is more often from parents and teachers than from students, and some of these 12 simply conclude that special classes should be set up for those who are talented. 12. A. students B. adults C. scholars D. teachers 六.关注语义复现,选出正确选项。 语义复现往往会使语篇中的句子相互衔接得更紧密。 语义复现包括同源词复现和同义词复 现,利用语义的复现,对解题很有帮助。

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例一(2011.广东)Many are concerned that gifted children become bored and lose interest in learning. However this 11 is more often from parents and teachers than from students. 11. A. concern B. conclusion C. reflection D. interest 例二: (2008.广东)There were many ways to prevent this from happening:hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father ’s clothes were just two of the recommended___27__. 27.A.cases B.tools C.steps D.methods 七.运用生活经验、科学常识、逻辑推理 设身处地地将自己融入文章当中,将文段意思和我们原有的生活经验及科普常识等结合起 来,从大多数人的角度进行简单的逻辑推理来确定答案。 例一: (2010。广东)In south Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning, I hurried to the bus ,and when the bus doors opened, I___ 29____tried to get on the school bus through the front door. 29.A.politely B.patiently C.unconsciously D.slowly 例二: (2010 佛山一模)There are also plans to help parents and students.It’s advised to give pupils private tutors if they are doing __26__in reading and maths. 26.A. well B.fast C. properly D.badly 2011 高考英语试题(全国卷) There are times when people are so tired that they fall asleep almost anywhere. We can see there is a lot of sleeping on the bus or train on the __1__ home from work in the evenings. A man will be __2___the newspaper, and seconds later it appears as if he is trying to __3__it. Or he will fall asleep on the shoulder of the stranger__4__ next to him.Another place where unplanned short sleep goes on is in the lecture hall where a student will start snoring(打鼾)so __5__that the professor has to ask another student to__6__ the sleeper awake. A more embarrassing situation occurs when a student starts falling into sleep and the __7_ of the head pushes the arm off the___8__, and the movement carries the__9___ of the body along. The student wakes up on the floor with no__10__ of getting there. The worst time to fall asleep is when __11__ . Police reports are full of __12__ that occur when people fall into sleep and go off the road. If the drivers are ___13___ , they are not seriously hurt. One woman's car,for example , went into the river. She woke up in four feet of __14_ and thought it was raining.when people are really__15____,nothing will stop them from falling asleep—no matter where they are. 1.A.way B.track C.path D.road 2. A.buying B.folding C.delivering D.reading 3. A.open B.eat C.find D.finish 4. A.lying B.waiting C.talking D.sitting 5. A.bravely B.happily C.loudly D.carelessly 6. A.leave B.shake C.keep D.watch 7. A.size B.shape C.weight D.strength 8. A.cushion B.desk C.shoulder D.book 9. A.action B.position C.rest D.side 10. A.memory B.reason C.question D.purpose 11. A.thinking B.working C.walking D.driving 12. A.changes B.events C.ideas D.acidents 13. A.lucky B.awake C.calm D.strong 14. A.dust B.water C.grass D.bush 15. A.tired B.druck C.lonely D.lazy
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