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2013届高考英语一轮 Unit5 The power of nature课件 新人教版选修6(广东专版)_图文

选修 6

Unit 5

The power of nature

Part A.模仿朗读 请听课文录音,并跟读课文,注意语音、语调和停顿 Part B.角色扮演 角色:Tom and Mike 情景:火山学家迈克刚从基拉韦厄火山考察归来,记者汤 姆前往采访。 任务:请你扮演记者汤姆,根据中文提示提出问题,请你 的同桌扮演迈克,根据课文内容回答你的提问。 1.你的工作是什么? ____________________________________________

2.为什么火山学家的工作很重要?
____________________________________________ 3.火山开始爆发后,你们为什么要靠近火山? ____________________________________________ 4.你喜欢你的工作吗? ____________________________________________ 5.在研究火山多年后,你发觉火山给你留下的最深印象是 什么? ____________________________________________

答案: 1.Q:What is your job? A:My job is collecting information for a database about Mount Cilauea and help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. 2.Q:Why is a volcanologist's job very important? A:Our work has saved many lives because people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses.

3.Q:Why did you have to get close to the volcano after it began to erupt? A:We needed to get samples of the lava so that we could study them. 4.Q:Do you like your job? A:Yes,I like it very much. 5.Q:What do you find most impressive about volcanoes after studying them for many years? A:I think their beauty and their potential to cause great damage are very impressive.

Part C.故事复述 请结合上述问题答案,用自己的话复述课文。

提示词:collect,predict,save,important
答案: A volcanologist is an expert who studies volcanoes. He collects information to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. His work can save many lives as people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses. So his job is very exciting,dangerous but very important.

Ⅰ.写出下列必考单词 1.在旁边,沿着走adv. & prep.____________ 2.冒险,奇遇n._____________ 3.波浪;波动n. & v.____________ 4.绝对的,完全的adj.____________ 5.潜在的,潜在性;潜能adj. & n.____________ 6.出汗v.& n.____________ 7.实在的,实际的adj.____________ 8.头盔 n.____________

9.火山n.____________
10.飓风n.____________ 11.图表,示意图n.____________ 12.样品,样本n.____________ 13.数据库,资料库n.____________ 14.候选人n.____________ 答案:1.alongside 2.adventure 3.wave 4.absolute 5.potential 6.sweat 7.actual 8.helmet 9.volcano 10.hurricane 11.diagram 8.sample 14.candidate 13.database

Ⅱ.写出下列单词的变化形式 1.任命,委派v.________;任命,委派,约会n.________ 2.评估v.________;评估,评价 n.________ 3.(火山)喷发v.________;(火山)喷发n.________ 4.洗澡,游泳 v.____;沐浴,洗澡 n.___;浴室n.____ 5.多种多样的adj.________;多样性n. ________ 6.惊慌.恐慌n.____;惊慌.恐慌v.____;(过去分词) ___ 7.失去知觉的,未觉察的adj.________;有意识的,自觉 的adj.________;自觉地,有意识地adv. ________;意识, 知觉n.________

8.装备v.________;装备n.________ 答案:1.appoint;appointment

2.evaluate;evaluation
3.erupt;eruption

4.bathe;bath;bathroom
5.diverse;diversity

6.panic;panic;panicked
7.unconscious;conscious;consciously;consciousness 8.equip;equipment

◆ 活学活用 用所给单词的适当形式完成句子

1.Tom ________ at the sound of explosion and his wife also got into a ________.(panic)
2.He was ________ to leave and he could not hide his_____________ .(anxious) 3.After he returned home,he went into the ________ and took a ________.(bathe) 4.Do you want to ________your intelligence?Just complete the ________form below,please. (evaluate)

5.Tom was badly hurt and still ________ after the accident, but his wife was ________and was smiling to us ________.(conscious)

6.People from ________ cultures hold different understanding on the play and this ________ of opinions make it hard to reach an agreement at the meeting. (diversity)
答案:1.panicked;panic 2.anxious;anxiety 3. bathroom;bath 4.evaluate;evaluation 5.unconscious;conscious;consciously 6.diverse;diversity

Ⅲ.翻译下列必背短语
1.与……比较____ 3.前往____ 5.匆匆看一遍,浏览____ 7.完全透明的____ 答案: 1.compare...with 2.burn to the ground 3.make one's way 4.make an effort 5.glance through 6.vary from...to 7.crystal clear 8.a variety of/varieties of 2.全部焚毁____ 4.努力____ 6.由……到……不等__ 8.各种各样___

◆ 活学活用 根据括号中的解释,用恰当的短语完成下列句子 1.We ______________ (to take pains) to persuade him to give up the immoral profession. 2.She ______________(read sth. quickly) the letter,and cried out immediately. 3.The price of the houses in New York ____________ $ 5,000 ____________$ 12,000 per square metre. (change according to some factor),depending on the position and environment. 4.He ____________(go forward) to the guests and shook hands with them warmly.

5.People ______(very surprised) his appearance on the spot.
6.If you ____________ her work ____________(to examine people or things to find out the similarities and differences) his, you will find hers is much better. 7.From a very young age,she ____________(to show natural talent or ability) music,which is a great factor to her success. 答案:1.make an effort 3.varies from,to 5.were amazed at 7.had a gift for 2.glanced through 4.made his way 6.compare...with

Ⅳ.重点句型 It is said that this boy,who had a great gift for language and persuasion,is the father of the Manchu people. (P39) 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,具有语言天赋和很强的说 服力。

?句型:It is said that...据说, it 是形式主语,它所表示的是 后面由that引导的主语从句。类似的结构还有:
It is reported that...据报道 It is hoped that...人们希望 It is supposed that...人们以为

It is believed that...人们相信
It is expected that...人们期待/料想 ◆ 模仿造句 (1)这样,人们希望因纽特的人的生活方式保存更多的世纪。 So,______________the way of Inuit life will be kept alive for many more centuries. (2)据报道,国庆节的第一天将有200万人乘地铁。 答案:(1)it is hoped that (2)It is reported that nearly 2,000,000 people will take the metro on the first day of National Day.

Ⅴ.语篇领悟
根据课文 An Exciting Job完成下列短文 Mount Kilauea is one of the most active __1__(volcano)in Hawaii. The __2__(erupt)of it is always taking people by surprise. It is so quick and severe __3__ the places where it flows are ruined and many houses __4__(burn)to the ground. It is an absolute disaster for people __5__live in the paths of the lava. They often get into a panic when they are warned __6__ it. But many people who are enthusiastic about it would like to watch it with their own eyes.__7__(fortune), when they are amazed at the fantastic sight

of it,they always fail __8__(notice)the coming boiling lava. So after that,they must make __9__ effort to escape from it.__10__ it necessary to take risks? 答案:1.volcanoes 2.eruption 3.that 4.areburnt 5.who 6.of 7.Unfortunately 8.to notice

9.an

10.Is

Ⅵ.考点活用 用本单元的词组或句型翻译下面的短文

基拉韦厄火上爆发两天后,我被派去为火山 资料库收集情况。 当地人告诉我,他们看到火山 滚烫的熔岩直冲天空达数百米高,然后像水流一 样流下山来,把沿途的一切都埋葬在熔化的岩石 下。自然的无穷破坏力让他们不禁发抖。评估了 火山喷发造成的损失后,我建议设立一个观测站, 预测下次火山什么时候爆发、熔岩的流向、提醒 人们火山的危害。由于我们的艰苦工作,火山造 成的损失得以大幅减少。

答案: Two days after Mount Kilauea erupted,I was appointed to collect information for the database of it. The local people told us they had seen the red hot lava fountaining hundreds of metres into the air,flowing slowly like a wave down the mountain,and burying everything in its path under the molten rock. Many of them still couldn't help trembling at the destructive power of the volcano. Having evaluated the damage caused by the eruption,I suggested a volcano observatory be set up to predict when the volcano would erupt,where the lava from the volcano would flow next and to warn people of the danger of it. Thanks to our hard work,the losses caused by the volcano have been greatly decreased.

1.It shows a volcano erupting. What do you know about volcanoes? (P33)它显示一座火山在喷发。 你 对火山喷发知道些什么? ◆ 探究学习 阅读下列句子,注意erupt的意思。 Mount Vesuvius hasn't erupted for a good many years.( vi.爆发,喷发) Violence in streets can erupt for no apparent reason.(搏 斗,暴力事件等突然发生)

◆ 词语归纳

erupt into laughter/shouting/crying,etc.突 然大笑/叫喊/大哭,如:
He erupted into laughter without any reason. 他毫无理由地大笑起来。

◆ 即学即练
将下列句子译成英语 (1)那座火山在沉睡多年后剧烈活动起来。 The ______________ after years of dormancy. (2)噪声使我的邻居勃然大怒。_________ (3)观众爆发出热烈的喝彩声。________________

答案:(1)volcano erupted
(2)My neighbor erupted into anger over the noise. (3)The audience erupted into wild cheers.

2.Having collected and evaluated the information,I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. (P39)收集和评估了这些信息后,我就 帮助其他科学家一起预测下次火山熔岩将往何处流去,流速 是多少。 ◆ 词语归纳 evaluate vt.评估,评价

evaluation n.[C,U]评估,评价,评估报告
I cannot evaluate his ability without seeing his work.

没见过他的工作,我无法评估他的能力。
They made an intensive evaluation of the health care program.他 们对医疗保健这个项目进行了细致的评估。

◆词语辨析 evaluate;estimate;value? ①evaluate 评价,评估? ②estimate 估计;估算? ③value 估价,价值,重视? ◆ 即学即练 用evaluate,estimate和value填空 (1)By marks in numbers or letters,the teacher ________________________________________________ ________________________

a student's work. (2)Before he started work,I asked the builder to give me an ____________ of the cost of repairing the roof. (3)The jeweler ____________the ring at£500. (4)The friendship in middle school is the most sincere,so every student should ____________ it.

答案:(1)evaluates (2)estimate (3)valued (4)value

3.Our work has saved many lives because people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses. (P34)

我们的工作拯救了许多人的生命,因为熔岩要流经之地, 老百姓都可以得到离开家园的通知。
◆ 词语归纳 warn v.提醒,警告 warn sb. (of/against sb./sth.) 警告某人提防某人/某物 warn sb. to do/not to do sth.警告某人做/不要做某事 warn sb. that 从句

◆ 即学即练 用上述warn的搭配完成句子

(1)他已被提醒过酒后开车危险。
warned of danger He has been________________ of driving after drinking wine.

(2)他们警告他不要到那个河里游泳。
They warned him against swimming/not to swim in that river. _______________________

(3)他们打来电话警告我可能会有麻烦。
warned me that I might be in They called and _________________________trouble

4.Unfortunately,we can't move their homes out of the way and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground. (P34) 遗憾的是,我们不可能把他们的家搬离岩浆流过的地方, 因此,许多房屋被熔岩淹没,或者焚烧殆尽。 ◆ 词语归纳 burn to the ground完全烧毁,焚烧殆尽

burn down焚毁,烧塌
burn up(被)烧毁,烧得更旺,消耗(能量)

burn away 烧掉,烧完(继续燃烧,烧掉,逐渐消失)

◆ 即学即练
用上述词和词组填空 (1)Don't leave the gas on,or you might ________ the house ____. (2)He has no place to live in because his house has been ______. (3)The spacecraft ________ as it entered the earth's atmosphere. (4)The forest fire ________ for a week. (5)You should take more exercise to ________ the extra energy. 答案:(1)burn;down (2)burnt to the ground up (4)burned away (5)burn up (3)burned

5.It wasn't very easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly made our way to the edge of the crater and looked down into the red,boiling center. (P35)

穿着这些衣服走起路来实在不容易,但我们 还是缓缓往火山口的边缘走去,并且向下看 到了红红的沸腾的中央。

◆ 词语归纳 make one's way向某地走去;有出息 make way (for)让路,让位 feel one's way摸索前进 push one's way挤过 find one's way找到路,设法到达 go one's way走自己的路,我行我素 fight one's way奋勇前进 wind one's/its way蜿蜒前进 lose one's way迷路

◆ 即学即练

用上述词和词组填空
(1)She hastily left the room,and ____________ to school. (2)It is easy to ____________ in the forest. (3)The stream ____________across the field and then flowed right under their tent.

(4)If you ____________ through the crowd to get a closer look,you might be surprised at how small the work of art is that is attracting all the attention. (5)More than 6,000 people will be relocated in China's southern island province of Hainan to ____________ a new space launch center.

答案:(1)made her way (2)lose one‘s way (3)wound its way (4)push your way (5)make way for

6.The other two climbed into the crater to collect some lava for later study,but this being my first experience,I stayed at the top and watched them (P35) 另外两个人攀下火山口去收集日后研究用的岩浆,我是 第一次经历这样的事, 所以留在山顶上观察他们。 词语详解: This being my first experience是“代词+v.~ ing”构成的 独立主格结构,在句中作原因状语。 独立主格结构的构成:独立主格结构的逻辑主语与主句 的主语不是同一主语,它的构成为“主格词(代词主格或名 词)+非谓语动词”,在句中作状语,表示时间, 原因,条 件和伴随。

◆ 即学即练
将下列句子改成含独立主格结构的句子 (1)Because her glasses were broken,she couldn't see the words on the blackboard. (2)Since so many people will help him,he is sure to succeed. (3)If the weather is fine,we will go for a picnic tomorrow. 答案:(1)Her glasses broken,she couldn't see the words on the blackboard. (2)So many people to help him,he is sure to succeed. (3)The weather being fine,we will go for a picnic tomorrow.

7.What does the writer find impressive about volcanoes even after studying them for many years? (P35) 作者研究火山多年对它印象最深的是什么? ◆ 词语归纳 impress vt.给予某人深刻印象 impression n.印象 impressive adj.印象深刻的 impress sth. on/upon one's mind使某人铭记某事 leave/make an impression on/upon sb.给某人深刻印象

◆ 即学即练 用上述词语翻译下列小片段 国内外游客对深圳有深刻印象。首先,他们对这个城市 的道路和交通印象良好。另外,这个城市的友好和好客也给 他们留下深刻印象。最重要的是,深圳的很多名胜尤其令人 印象深刻,如世界之窗,欢乐谷等。
答案: Shenzhen impresses tourists from home and abroad. First, they have a good impression on the city's road and traffic. Besides,the city impresses its friendliness and hospitality upon their mind. Above all,many places of interest in this city are very impressive,such as Window of the World,the Happy Valley and so on.

8.I was trembling as much as the ground and was sweating too! (P38)我在发抖,就像大地在 摇晃;同时,我还在冒汗! ◆词语辨析 shake;tremble;quiver? ①shake “颤抖,震动”,可用于任何运动, 常有粗鲁或 不规则的含义;? ②tremble “哆嗦,发抖”, 多指出于胆怯、愤怒的发抖; ③quiver “颤动”, 表示类似琴弦震动的轻微的、迅速的 振动,常用于事物。

◆ 即学即练 用shake,tremble和quiver填空 (1)Her voice ____________ with anger. (2)When the earthquake happened,the whole city ____ terribly. (3)The leaves ____________ in the breeze. (4)In some countries,__________ the head means agreement.

答案:(1)trembled (2)shook (3)quivered (4)shaking

如何描写灾害性事件

◆ 技巧点拨
向他人介绍火灾、水灾、旱灾、地震、风暴、冰灾、火 山爆发、疾病流行等自然灾害或战争、车祸及其它意外事故, 需说清以下几点: 1.事件名称。常用词语有:disaster,catastrophe,snow disaster,flood,drought,an active volcano,a big fire,an earthquake,storm,sandstorm,tsunami,typhoon,hurricane, traffic accident,robbery,murder,crisis。

2.事件地点。
3.事件原因。

4.损失情况。包括财产损失和人员伤亡情况,常用词 汇有:cause/suffer a loss of...,cost sb. sth.,destroy sth., cause damage to,in ruins,be cut off,be washed away, become homeless,be left without parents,become orphans, be damaged by,get killed,injure,lose one's life 5.解决处理过程。常用词语有:send sb. to hospital, come to rescue,call in the police,call for a doctor,rebuild one's home,donate money to,collect money for,with the help of 6.表示发生的常用动词:hit,occur,happen,break out,strike,shake

特别提醒: happen, break out, occur是不及物动词,要表达“某地发生了 什么灾害”该用句型 sth. hit/struck some place或sth. happened/broke out/occurred in some place.如: A big earthquake hit/struck Wenchuan on May 12,2008. A violent sandstorm hit Gansu Province yesterday. ◆ 活学活用 基础写作

2010年初冬,我国北方多个地区遭受了几十年来罕见 的雪灾。它给人们的生产和生活带来极大的影响。请结合 下表用英语为你校的校刊写一篇报道。

事件 影响 解决办 法 结果

地 东北和内 时 2010年12 特大雪灾 点 蒙古 间 月 1.道路堵塞,不少牲畜冻死; 2.房屋和电线遭到极大破坏,人们缺电缺粮食。 当地政府组织各方人士夜以继日地清理道路积雪, 解救被困群众。 战胜自然灾害。

写作要求 请用5个句子表达所有内容。注意结构准确,语句衔接。

答案: A heavy snowstorm struck Northeast of China and Inner Mongolia in December 2010.Roads were blocked and a lot of livestock died of cold. The snowstorm caused great damage to houses and power lines,which made millions of people suffer from the shortage of water, vegetables and power supply. Facing the disaster,the local government organized people from all walks of life to clear snow and ice on the road day and night and rescue the people trapped in the snowstorm. Thanks to the joint efforts,we finally won the victory over the natural disaster.






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