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溧阳市戴埠高级中学 2012-2013 学年高三第一次考试试题 英 语
一、单项选择(15 分) 1. His ________ directions confused us; we did not know which of the two roads to take. A. ambitious B. ambiguous C. arbitrary D. autonomous 2. If Liu Xiang _______ injured, we might have seen his wonderful performance at the London Olympics. A. didn?t get B. hasn?t got C. wouldn?t get D. hadn?t got 3. No judgment _________ about whether the man is guilty until the whole case has been investigated. A. will make B. will be made C. has made D.has been made 4. I _______ sooner but I didn?t know that they were waiting for me. A. had come B. was coming C. would come D. would have come 5. Our factory has been developing rapidly these days. This year?s production is five times ___________ it was ten years ago. A. what B. that C. which D. as 6. —What can I do for you? —I?d like to buy a computer for my son, __________ at a good price but of great quality. A. that B. one C. which D. the one 7. The old lady who caught a bad cold complained that the doctor was ________ too much for the treatment given to her. A. paying B. offering C. spending D. charging 8. My colleague has been recovering gradually since the operation, and it won?t be long _______ he comes back to work. A. before B. since C. after D. when 9. The driver was at _____ loss when _____ word came that he was forbidden to drive for speeding. A. a; the B. /; / C. the; the D. a; / 10. On AIDS Day, the minister of Health Department demanded that the problems _______ paid special attention to. A. referred to being B. referred to be C. refer to being D. refer to be 11. —Pick, I did very well in the maths exam last week. —Congratulations, Jim! And I did ________. I got a full mark and 20 extra points. A. no better B. not better C. no worse D. even worse 12. —You?ve made great progress in your English, haven?t you? —Yes, but much ______________. A. remains to do B. is remained to do C. remains to be done D. is remained to do 13. One of these sites, _______ the 14th century, exhibits fine examples of the architecture of that time. A. dated from B. dates from C. dates back to D. dating back to 14. _______ environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem to recover. A. Even if B. If only C. While D. Once 15. —I happened to notice Bob?s father quarreling with the teacher in defence of his son. —No wonder Bob always performs poorly in class. It?s really “_________”. A. Love me, love my dog B. A busy mother makes a lazy daughter C. Birds of a feather flock together D. Like father, like son. 二、完型填空(20 分) (出自 21 世纪报第 7 期) That old pickle jar (泡菜坛), as far back as I can remember, sat on the floor beside the dresser in my parents? bedroom. When he got ready for bed, Dad would _16_ his pockets and put his coins into the _17_. It was a nightly _18_ for many years in our home. When the jar was _19_, we would take the coins to the bank. Each time, as he slid the box of coins across the counter toward the cashier, he would say _20_: “These are for my son?s college fund. He?ll _21_ work at the mill all his life like me.” The years passed. I _22_ college and took a job in another town. Once, while _23_ my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar in my parents? bedroom was _24_. A lump (小块) rose in my throat as I _25_ where the jar had
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always stood. My dad was a man of few _26_ , and never lectured me on the _27_ of determination and faith, but the pickle jar had taught me all these _28_ . In my mind, it defined, more than anything else, how much my dad had _29_me. No matter how _30_ things got at home, Dad continued to drop his coins into the jar. The first Christmas after my daughter Jessica was born, we spent the holiday with my parents. After dinner, I walked into my parents? bedroom. To my_31_ , in the spot beside the dresser, as if it had never been _32_ , stood the old pickle jar, the bottom already covered with coins. I walked over to the pickle jar, dug down into_33_,and pulled out a fistful of coins. With the strong _34_ choking (使哽咽) me, I dropped the coins into the jar. I looked up and saw Dad who is carrying Jessica. Our eyes locked, and I knew he was feeling the same. _35_one of us could speak. 16. A. pick B. tear C. empty D. clean 17. A. bag B. jar C. drawer D. dresser 18. A. routine B. experience C. gathering D. performance 19. A. broken B. moved C. filled D. prepared 20. A. nervously B. calmly C. secretly D. proudly 21. A. never B. also C. soon D. always 22. A. entered B. started C. finished D. dropped 23. A. asking B. visiting C. showing D. ringing 24. A. gone B. empty C. dirty D. lost 25. A. checked B. searched C. stared D. found 26. A. words B. smiles C. ideas D. stories 27. A. similarities B. differences C. standards D. values 28. A. beliefs B. virtues C. thoughts D. experiences 29. A. loved B. required C. pushed D. understood 30. A. dull B. easy C. tough D. wrong 31. A. curiosity B. satisfaction C. amazement D. embarrassment 32. A. damaged B. removed C. stolen D. decorated 33. A. the dresser B. the jar C. my handbag D. my pocket 34. A. emotions B. flavors C. interest D. desire 35. A. No B. Either C. Neither D. Each 三.阅读(30 分) (A)Flying cats (出自新概念英语第 3 册) Cats never fail to fascinate human beings. They can be friendly and affectionate towards humans, but they lead mysterious lives of their own as well. they never become submissive like dogs and horses. As a result, humans have learned to respect feline independence. Most cats remain suspicious of humans all their lives. One of the things that fascinate us most about cats is the popular belief that they have nine lives. Apparently, there is a good deal of truth in this idea. A cat?s ability to survive falls is based on fact. Recently the New York Animal medical Centre made a study of 132 cats over a period of five months. All these cats had one experience in common: they had fallen off high buildings, yet only eight of them died from shock or injuries. Of course, New York is the ideal place for such an interesting study, because there is no shortage of tall buildings. There are plenty of high-rise windowsills to fall from! One cat, Sabrina, fell 32 storeys, yet only suffered from a broken tooth. ?Cats behave like well-trained paratroopers,? a doctor said. It seems that the further cats fall, the less they are likely to injure themselves. In a long drop, they reach speeds of 60 miles an hour and more. At high speeds, falling cats have time to relax. They stretch out their legs like flying squirrels. This increases their air-resistance and reduces the shock of impact when they hit the ground. 36. We find cats endlessly fascinating because _________. A.we feel there is a good deal we do not know about their lives. B.we believe that cats have nine lives. C. they are different from dogs and horses. D. they can reach a speed of 60 miles an hour while falling. 37. A recent study of 132 cats in New York proved _______. A. that it is true that cats have nine lives. B. that cats are related to flying squirrels. C. they are different from dogs and horses. D. that cats falling from great heights are seldom killed. 38. Cats can survive great falls mainly because ________.
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A.the further they fall, the less likely they are to injure themselves. B. a cat?s ability to survive is based on fact. C. a falling cat relaxes its legs and so increases its air-resistance. D. they are unlikely to exceed a speed of about 60 miles an hour. (B) Timeless tango(出自 21 世纪报第 8 期) I believe in dancing. I believe it is in my nature to dance. So I dance daily. My CD-player has six discs at the ready: waltz, swing, country, rock?n?roll, salsa(萨尔萨舞), and tango. Each morning when I walk through the house on my way to make coffee, I turn some music on and hit the “shuffle(随机播放)” button. Then it is Dance Time! I dance to whatever is playing. I love to tango. It?s a complex and difficult dance, so I?m up to three lessons a week, three nights out dancing, and I?m off for three months of immersion (沉浸式教学法) in tango culture. The first time I went tango dancing I was too intimidated to get out on the dance floor. I stayed on the sidelines. The fancy footwork confused me.”Don?t? make a fool of yourself,” I thought. “Just watch.” Once, as I watched people dance the tango at a wedding, and older woman dropped out of the dance, sat down beside me.”If you join the dancing, you will feel foolish,” she said. “If you do not, you will also feel foolish. So, why not dance?” She said she had a secret for me.”If you dance, we will think well of you for trying,” she whispered. Recalling her wise words, I took up the challenge. A friend asked me if my tango-mania (对探戈的热爱)wasn?t a little ambitious. “Tango? At your age? You must be out of your mind!” On the contrary it’s a well-thought-out decision. My passion for tango hides a worry I have. I fear that as you get older you do not try new things as much. I fear the boredom that comes with not learning and not taking chances. I seek the pleasure that comes from starting something new-that calls on all my resources and challenges my mind, my body, and my spirit, all at once. My goal now is to dance all the dances for as long as I can, and then to sit down contented after the last elegant tango. So, when people say: “Tango? At your age? Have lost your mind?” “No, and I don?t intend to,” I answer. 39. What made the author decide to try tango dancing? A. The interesting tango lesson he took. B. His fascination with tango culture. C. A woman?s encouragement. D. The beautiful footwork associated with the dance. 40. What does the underlined word “intimidated” in the fifth paragraph mean? A. Shy. B. Scared. C. Eager. D. Bored. 41. What did the author?s friend think of his passion for tango dancing? A. He or she admired the author?s ambition. B. He or she was inspired to learn the tango too. C. He or she was doubtful about whether the author should do tango dancing. D. He or she tried to persuade the author to give the tango up. 42. What is the main reason for the author?s enthusiasm about tango? A. He wants to keep fit. B. He thinks it is the most elegant dance. C. He has nothing to do after retirement and wants to overcome his boredom. D. He doesn?t want to give in to old age and loves trying new things. (C)Helping hands(出自 21 世纪报第 8 期) You name it, Jack Mazzulo has done it. He has helped decorate a school campus, served meals at a homeless shelter, read books to children and visited the elderly in assisted homes. Now, all his hard work has paid off. Jack, who recently graduated from Providence High in Charlotte, North Carolina, was given the President?s Volunteer Service Award, for volunteering more than 500 hours in the community during high school. The award is designed to honor Americans who are committed to (致力于) service and help inspire others to get involved. “He is a humanitarian(人道主义者),” said Michelle Mazzulo, Jack?s mother. “He gives so selflessly. He can?t help himself.” Jack said his most memorable moment as a volunteer came years ago at his mother?s workplace, a daycare center. Jack helped kids in the program with academic problems. That?s when he met a little boy who was experiencing difficulties focusing and behaving appropriately in school. “He acted out and nobody was getting through to him,” Michelle said. “So Jack had this idea of rewarding him.”
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Each week, Jack helped the boy with reading and talked about the importance of learning. At the end of the week, if Jack received an excellent report from the boy?s teacher, the two would go out for ice cream. When the boy had something to look forward to, “he was able to appreciate school,” Jack said. While Jack has mentored(辅导) younger students, he has also helped peers who struggled in school. Michelle said Jack would often stay up late at night, putting his own homework on hold, so he could help a friend who had a question about Spanish, science or math. “I love seeing the look on their faces when they finally get it,” Jack said. When he has a moment outside of volunteer work and internships(实习), Jack serves as captain of his high school soccer team. He?s played soccer since he was 4. Jack recently started classes at Princeton University and plans to major in the sciences. He said he hopes to continue his volunteer work in college. 43. According to the article, the President?s Volunteer Service Award is intended to recognize ___. A. people across the world who do excellent volunteer work B. US citizens who successfully convince people to volunteer C. teenagers who volunteer for more than 500 hours in the community D. US citizens who are devoted to volunteering and get others involved 44. How did Jack help the schoolboy who had difficulties focusing and learning? A. By helping the boy find fun from the lessons. B. By rewarding the boy when he made progress. C. By helping the boy set reasonable goals for himself. D. By teaching the boy about the importance of good behavior. 45. The underlined phrase “putting his own homework on hold” in Paragraph 10 means _______. A. finishing his homework first B. putting off his homework C. having difficulty finishing his homework D. taking a long time to complete his homework 46. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article? A. Part of Jack?s daily routine involves helping others. B. Jack has very little time to play soccer with his team. C. Influenced by his mother, Jack is always ready to help others. D. Thanks to Jack, Michelle developed an interest in science. (D)Ocean coral is fading(出自 21 世纪报第 7 期) Thirty years ago, if you looked down from a plane at the east coast of Australia, you would be greeted by the breathtaking beauty of the Great Barrier Reef (大堡礁), the world?s largest coral(珊瑚) reef. It stretched for over 2,600 kilometers in the blue sea, containing countless corals and small islands. It was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1981. However, this natural wonder of the world is being taken away from us. Coral cover in the Great Barrier Reef has dropped by more than half over the last 27 years, The Guardian (UK) reported. “If the trend continues, coral cover would halve again by 2022,” said Peter Doherty, researcher at the Australian Institute of Marine Science(AIMS). So unless we start acting now, there won’t be any “heritage” left in the future. Coral reefs are an important part of the ocean?s ecosystem. They are a source of food, and act as protection for young fish. But in the past three decades they have been under threat around the world mainly from increased storms, a growing number of crown-of-thorns starfish and coral bleaching(脱色). Storm damage caused nearly half of the coral losses. In the past seven years, the reef has been affected by six major storms, each leaving a trail(痕迹) of destruction. The crown-of-thorns starfish is also causing problems. Scientists believe that run-offs(支流) containing a large amount of fertilizers have caused the population boost( 增 长 ) of this coral-eating animal. Outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish usually start two or three years after major floods in northern rivers. Coral bleaching accounts for about 10 percent of coral damage. It is usually due to ocean acidification(酸化) and rising temperatures because seawater absorbs more carbon dioxide from the air. This disrupts(扰乱) the corals? ability to grow and build structures. The good news is that corals can recover if given the chance. But this is slow. And the future of the ocean?s coral is largely in human hands. “We can?t stop the storms…[But] we can achieve better water quality, we can tackle the challenge of crown-of-thorns,” says John Gunn, CEO of AIMS. “However, its future also lies with the global response to reducing carbon dioxide emissions(排放).” 47. What can we learn about the Great Barrier Reef from the article? A.With the world?s second-largest coral reef, the Great Barrier Reef was listed as a UNESCO world heritage
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site. B. The Great Barrier Reef has lost more than half of its coral cover since 1985. C. At the present rate of loss, the coral cover will reduce by another 30 percent within a decade. D. Coral reefs are an important part of the ocean?s ecosystem and can prevent ocean acidification. 48. The underlined phrase “under threat” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ____. A. at risk B. out of sight C. in demand D. beyond recognition 49. Which of the following has led to the biggest loss of the coral cover? A. Coral bleaching. B. Increased storms. C. Rising ocean temperatures. D. Outbreaks of coral-eating starfish. 50. What can we do to prevent further coral decline of the Great Barrier Reef according to article? a. Improve water quality. b. Reduce global carbon dioxide emissions. c. Disrupt the coral-eating starfish?s ability to build structures. d. Control the population of the crown-of-thorns starfish. e. Make ocean absorb more carbon dioxide from the air. A. a, b, c B. a, b, d C. a, c, e D. b, d, e 四、任务型阅读(10 分) (选自无锡市洛社高中的月考试题) Few Americans stay in one place for a lifetime. We move from the city to the suburbs, from high school to college in a different state, from a job in one area to a better job elsewhere, from the home where we raise our children to the home where we plan to live in retirement. With each move we are forever making new friends, who become part of our new life. For many of us the summer is a special time for forming new friendships. Today, millions of Americans go on vacation abroad, and we go not only to see new sights but also—in those places where we don?t feel too strange—with the hope of meeting new people. No one really expects a vacation trip to produce a close friend, but the beginning of a friendship is possible. Surely in every country people value friendship. The word “friend” to American people can be applied to a wide range of relationships—to someone one has known for a few weeks in a new place, to a close business companion, to a childhood playmate, to a man or a woman, or to a trusted colleague. There are real differences among these relations for Americans—a friendship may be shallow, casual, situational or deep and lasting. But to a European, who sees only our surface behavior, the differences are not clear. As Europeans see it, all kinds of “friends” flow in and out of Americans? homes with little ceremony. They may be parents of the children?s friends, house guests of neighbors, members of a committee, business associates from another town or even another country. Coming as a guest into an American home, the European visitor finds no obvious landmarks. The atmosphere is relaxing. Most people, old and young, are called by first names. Americans? characteristic openness to different styles of relationship makes it possible for us to find new friends abroad with whom we feel at home. Title American Friendship ☆Most Americans (51)_______ from place to place. Chances for ☆Many Americans go abroad on vacation for (52)_____ or meeting new Americans to people. make friends ☆One (53)______ for a vacation is to begin a friendship. Ways for ☆American people use “friend” (55)_______ for different relationships. Americans to ☆Americans know the (56)______ among relations clearly while (54)____ the Europeans can?t. word “friend” ☆ Friends flow in and out of Americans? homes (58)______. Europeans? ☆ Being a guest in an American home, the European visitor feels understanding (59)_______. about American ☆Due to their (60)_______ characteristics, Americans find new friends all (57)________ over the world. 五、书面表达(25 分) 杰克到了中国后, 你当他的导游,带领他参观各 旅游景点, 下面是你们拍的一张圆明园的照片,请你根据自己的 所见所闻, 向北京市政府写一封建议信,内容包括:
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1. 历史遗迹的重要性和意义 2. 历史遗迹的现状(所受破坏) 3. 保护遗迹的措施 注意: 1. 词数 150 词左右。 2. 注意行文连贯及书面整洁。

Dear Sir or Madam, _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, xxx

Keys: 一.单选 BDBDA BDADB CCDDD 二.完型 CBACD ACBAC ADBAC CBDAC 三.阅读 ADC CBCD DBBA BABB 四.任务型 51. move 52. sightseeing 53. possibility 54. understand/apply 55. widely
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56.difference (s) 57. friendship 58. casually 59.comfortable/relaxed60. open 五.书面表达 Dear sir, I am writing to you today to share my thoughts about the Old Summer Palace. After showing my friend Jack around the park, I am deeply impressed by the historical site, which is definitely the greatest symbol of our ancient civilization. In a gesture to preserve history and learn more about ancient culture, such kind of historical sites is of great value. Unfortunately, throughout history, it has been damaged due to a variety of contributors, such as natural forces, wars, theft and so on. Worse still, tourists nowadays are doing damage to the Old Summer Palace either unintentionally or deliberately while they are walking around the site or taking photos. As a student, I strongly feel that it is urgent for our government to take measures to protect it. First of all, a special committee should be established to ensure all the work to be carried out smoothly. In addition, some sculptures and statues should be moved indoors to avoid being damaged by natural things. But the most important thing among these is to raise people?s awareness of the importance of protecting the historical sites. Only by doing these will we be able to enjoy these historical sites for generations to come. Looking forward to your actions. Your sincerely xxx

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