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2014年高考英语一轮复习课件[北师大版] 必修3 Unit8_图文

Unit 8 Adventure 探险

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重点单词
1. desert n. & v.沙漠,荒原;抛弃,逃 走→deserted adj.无人居住的 2. risk vt.冒……的危险→ risky adj.有危 险(或风险)的→ risk n.危险,风险 3. anxious adj.忧虑的,担心的→ anxiety n.焦虑;担心;渴望 4. organisation n.团体,组织,机构→ organise v.组织

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5. differ vi.不同于,有区别→ difference n.差别,差异,(不同)之处→ different adj. 不同的 6. similarity n.相似性,类似性→ similar adj.相似的 7. excitement n.兴奋,激动→ excite vt. 使激动→ exciting adj.令人兴奋的,使人激 动的→ excited adj.激昂的,兴奋的 8. various adj.不同的,各种各样的→ variety n.多样性→vary v.改变,修改; 不同

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9. equipment n.配备,设备→ equip v.装备 10. preference n.较喜欢的东西,偏爱→ prefer vt.喜欢 11. confuse vt.使困惑→ confusion n.困惑 12.wealthy adj.富有的,富裕的→ wealth n.财富 13. dictation n.口述,听写→ dictate v.口授, 听写 14. quantity n.数量,量→ quantify v.以数量表 述;量化

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15. preparation n.准备,预备→ prepare v.预备,准备,调制→ prepareda adj.有准备的;愿意的 16.distant adj.远处的,久远的→ distance n.距离 17. patience n.耐心,忍耐力→ patient adj.耐心的 18. nationality n.国籍→national adj.国 家的,民族的

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19. disadvantage n.不利,不利条件→ advantage n.优势 20.observe v.观察,观测→ observation n.观察;观察力;议论,意见 21. limit n.边界→ limited adj.有限的 →limitation n.限制条件;限制

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高频短语
1. take off 起飞 2. right now就在此刻 3. turn up 出现,到场 4. get across 使理解(某事) 5. break out (坏事)突然发生,爆发 6. stand by 坚持(某种)说法 7. break down 损坏,不能运转 8. carry on 继续做某事

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9. back out 决定不履行(允诺的事) 10. upside down 颠倒地,倒置地 11. in order to 为了(某一目的) 12. in turn 轮流 13. put into prison 关进监狱 14. on one’s way 在途中 15. run out of 用完,耗尽

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常考句型
1.As well as the group guide,all teams have cooks and porters. 所有的登山队都配有厨师、搬运工和向导。 2.The hike costs £2,500 including all flights and accommodation. 旅行费用为2,500英镑,其中包括所有机票和 食宿。

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3.Then came the total darkness of the polar winter. 然后便是极地冬季(特有)的极夜了。 4.Although people enjoyed reading his book,many of them thought that Marco’s stories about China were too fantastic to be true. 虽然人们爱读他的书,但许多人认为马 可写的关于中国的东西太离奇而不可信。

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单词点击
点对点

1. desert n.沙漠,荒原v.遗弃,抛弃;舍 弃,离弃;逃走 The wild flowers looked like an orange blanket covering the desert. 那些野花看上去像是一片覆盖在沙漠上的橘 黄色的地毯。 The dustman found a deserted car by the roadside. 那个清洁工发现路边有一辆废弃的小汽车。

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1.Operations which left patients________and in need of long periods of recovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable. A.injured B.deserted C.exhausted D.abandoned

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解析:选C。句意:那些曾使病人疲惫 不堪,并需要很长时间康复的手术现在已经 使病人感到轻松舒服了。所选词语应和 “relaxed and comfortable”相反,所以应用 exhausted(疲惫的)。

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2. differ vi.不同于,有区别 differ from...in...在……方面与……不同 differ with sb. about/on/over sth. 对某事与某人看法不同 be different from sb./sth.in sth. 在某方面不同于某人或某物 make a/no difference有影响,起作用/ 不起作用 tell the difference between...区分……

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【注意】differ from不可用于进行时态 或被动语态。 Their house differs from mine in having no garage. 他们的房子和我的不同,区别在于他们 的没有汽车库。(朗文P409) The two sides in the dispute still differ (with each other) over the question of pay.

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争执的双方在报酬问题上仍各持己见。 (朗文P409) Mary and Jane are quite different (from each other). 玛丽和简很不一样。(朗文P409) There are many differences between living in a city and living in the country. 住在城市和住在乡下有很多不同之处。 (朗文P409) It doesn’t make any difference to me whether you go or stay. 你是去是留对我都无所谓。(朗文P409)

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2.They________each other as to the precise meaning of this article in the contract. A.differ B.differ with C.differ from D.differ about

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解析:选B。differ with sb.表示“与某 人意见不同”。句意:对于合同中这一条款 的确切释义他们的看法互不一致。

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3. risk vt.冒……的危险n.危险,风险 risk one’s health/life以健康做赌注/冒 着生命危险 risk doing 冒险做…… at risk(=in danger)处于危险中 at the risk of doing sth.可能导致(不快 等),冒……的危险 at all risks无论冒……的危险 run (take) a risk/risks 冒险 run/take the risk of doing sth.冒着…… 的风险/危险

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He risked his life to save her. 他冒着生命危险去救她。 They knew they risked being arrested. 他们知道自己冒着被捕的危险。 We don’t want to run the risk of losing their business. 我们不想冒险失去他们的生意。

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3.If your race car isn’t insured,you may________losing everything when it hits something solid. A.delay B.deny C.avoid D.Risk 解析:选D。delay耽搁,延误;deny否 认;avoid避免;risk冒……的危险。根据题 意可知,D项正确。

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4.Take an umbrella with you.You can’t risk________a rain. A.being caught in B.catching C.to be caught in D.caught 解析:选A。risk后面接doing,因此排 除C、D两项;be caught in为习惯搭配,意 为“遇上,突然遭受”,因此选A。句意: 你还是带把伞吧,不要冒着被雨淋湿的危 险。

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4. anxious adj.忧虑的,担心的,焦急的 anxiety n.焦虑;担心;渴望 be anxious about为某事忧虑、担心 be anxious for渴望某事 be anxious to do渴望……,急于…… be anxious (for sb.) to do...渴望(某 人)做…… be anxious that渴望……

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Helen is anxious about travelling on her
own. 海伦对自己一个人出门旅行感到担心。 Peggy is anxious to show that she can cope with extra responsibility. 佩吉急切地想表明她能承担额外的职责。 Mary has been anxious for your return. 玛丽急切地盼你回来。

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5. Our parents always get a little bit________if we don’t manage to arrive when we say we will. A.eager B.anxious C.patient D.earnest 解析:选B。D项意思为“真诚的”。句 意:当我们没有在我们所说的时间到达时, 我们的父母总是很焦虑的。

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5. quantity n.量;数量 a large quantity of...许多;大量 quantities of...许多;大量 in quantity/large quantities批量;大量

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【注意】(1)large quantity of/quantities of后可以跟可数名词也可以跟不可数名词。如 果该短语作主语,谓语动词的单复数要依据 quantity的单复数形式而定。 (2)quantities of后可以跟可数名词也可 以跟不可数名词,但谓语动词只用复数形式。

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There is a large quantity of rain in the country. 这个国家多雨。 Large quantities of water have just been drunk by him. 他刚刚喝了很多水。 They are collecting second?hand books in quantity. 他们正在大量收集二手书。

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6.As a result of destroying the forests, a large________of desert________covered the land. A.number;has B.quantity;has C.number;have D.quantity;have

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解析:选B。“a great/good deal of+不 可数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用单数; plenty of, a lot of,lots of, a great(large/small)quantity of后跟可数名词 时谓语动词用复数;后跟不可数名词时,谓 语动词用单数。

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6. confuse vt.使困惑 confuse sb.使某人困惑 confuse A and/with B把A和B混淆 some confusion about/over/as to sth. 对……有困惑 in confusion困惑地,迷茫地 throw sb.into confusion使某人不知所措

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【注意】confused指人“感到困惑的”,而 confusing指物“令人困惑的”。 Don’t give me so much informationyou’re confusing me. 别跟我说那么多消息,你都要把我搞糊涂 了。(朗文P309) I’m always confusing John and/with Paulwhich one is John? 我总是分不清约翰和保罗,哪一位是约 翰?(朗文P309)

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The little girl was very confused by all the noise and activity. 那小女孩被这一片吵闹和忙乱给弄糊涂 了。(朗文P309) There was some confusion as to whether we had won or lost. 关于我们是赢了还是输了,人们众说纷 纭。(朗文P309)

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7.She’s left a very______message on my answerphone.I can’t understand what she wanted to say. A.confused B.confusion C.confusing D.confusedly

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解析:选C。本题考查词义辨析。句 意:她在我的录音电话上留下了一个含糊不 清的留言。我不明白她要说什么。用 confusing“令人困惑的”。而confused指人 “感到困惑的”,故答案为C。

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8.He stood there______. A.in confusion B.on confusion C.in confusing D.confusing 解析:选A。本题考查in confusion“困 惑地;迷茫地”,故答案为A。

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7. preparation n.准备;预备 prepare vt. & vi.预备;准备;调制;配制 in preparation for...为……作准备 make preparations for...为……作准备 He has never made enough preparations for his exams. 他对考试从来没有作好充分准备。 She bought a new coat in preparation for winter. 她买了一件新外套以备冬天穿。

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9.She had thought that he________for the dinner,but in fact he didn’t. A.had prepared B.would have prepared C.prepared D.would prepare

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解析:选B。这里是虚拟语气,与过去 事实相反时主句用过去完成时,从句用 “would have done”。句意:她本以为他已 经准备好了晚餐,但是没有。

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8. distant adj.远处的;久远的;疏远 的,不友好的,冷淡的;远亲的 distance n.距离 a distant relative远亲 a distant journey出远门的旅行 in the distance 在远处(但可以看到或 听到) keep sb.at a distance 与某人保持距离 keep one’s distance at/from a distance在远处,从不太近的地方

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那次争吵之后,苏珊一直非常冷淡疏 远。(朗文P543) What’s the distance from Chicago to Detroit? 芝加哥离底特律有多远?(朗文 P542) That’s Long Island in the distance over there. 那边远处是长岛。(朗文P542) The detective followed him at a distance. 侦探远远地跟着他。(朗文P542)

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10.The airport was about 20 kilometres________. A.distant B.a long way C.far D.off 解析:选A。本题考查距离表达法。句 意:机场大约20公里远。far不能与表示数字 的词连用;而distant则可以。故答案为A。

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11.The painting appears very beautiful if you look at it________. A.in the distance B.at a distance C.in a long way D.from the distance

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解析:选B。本题考查词组辨析。句 意:如果从一定距离看这幅画,看起来很 美。“从一定距离”,用at a distance或 from a distance;而in the distance意为“在 远处”,故答案为B。

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9. observe vt.& vi.观察;遵守;庆祝;评 述,评论 observation n.观察;观察力,(观察后发生 的)议论,意见 observe sb.do/doing sth.观察某人做/在做某事 observe the speed limit遵守车速限制 observe Christmas (National Day)庆祝圣 诞节(国庆节) be under observation受严密监视 escape one’s observation避开某人的注意

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Did you observe anything unusual in his behaviour? 你注意到他的行为有什么不寻常吗?(朗 文P1035) The police observed him enter the bank with a shotgun. 警察看到他带着猎枪进了银行。(朗文 P1035) Do you observe Christmas? 你有过圣诞节的习俗吗?(朗文P1035) She’s in hospital under observation. 她在医院接受观察。(朗文P1035)

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12.完成句子 (1)那位专家花了两年时间观察这动物 的日常活动。 The expert spent two years________the animal’s daily activities. 答案:observing

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(2)本知道有人看到他和瑞安见面了。 Ben knew that someone________ ________him meeting Ryan. 答案:had observed

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(3)我坐在一角落里观察当时发生的事情。 I sat in a corner and________what was going on. 答案:observed

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10. limit n. & v.边界;限度;限制;限定 limited adj.有限的 limitation n.限制;限制条件,不足之处 go beyond/over the limit超过限度 within limits在一定范围内;有限度的 within the limits of在……的范围内 without limit无限(制)地 set a limit to sth.对……规定限度 be limited to sth.受限制于…… limit sth.to sth.把……限定在……的范围内

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I’ve limited myself to 1,000 calories a day to try and lose weight. 我试着减肥,限定自己每天摄入1000卡 的热量。 A wise man knows his own limitations. 人贵有自知之明。

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As we all know,a person’s life is limited,but knowledge is unlimited. =As we all know,there is a limit to a person’s life but no limit to knowledge. 我们都知道,人的生命是有限的,而知 识却是无限的。

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13.There is no________to what you can do if you try. A.number B.wonder C.matter D.limit 解析:选D。句意:只要你尝试,你的 成就是无限的。只有limit(常常与介词to搭 配)符合题意。

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单词巧记

用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 (1)We must pay attention to the child’s ________(emotion) and intellectual development. 答案:emotional

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(2)She loves________(music)and has________(music)talent. 答案:music;musical

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归纳与比较:-al用作形容词后缀
n.(名词) emotion(感情,情感,情 绪) music(音乐) magic(魔法) tradition(传统) universe(宇宙) origin(起源,起因) profession(行业,职业) culture(文化) nature(自然界,大自然) nation(国家,民族) adj.(形容词) emotional(感情的,情感的,情绪 的) musical(音乐的) magical(有魔力的,奇妙的) traditional(传统的) universal(宇宙的,通用的,世界 的) original(最初的,最早的) professional(职业的,专业的) cultural(文化的) natural(自然的,天然的) national(国家的,民族的)

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短语扫描
线连线

11. back out决定不履行(允诺的 事);食言;退出;打退堂鼓 back away向后退,退缩,躲开 back down放弃(观点,意见,要 求);承认(错误);认输 back off后退;不再逼迫(某人)做 (考虑)某事 back up支持,证实

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The waiter backed away from the table,bowing slightly. 男服务员从桌旁向后退,欠身鞠了个躬。(朗 文P110) When presented with the evidence,the suspect backed down. 拿出证据后,疑犯终于认罪了。(朗文P110) Back off,you’re crowding me. 往后退,别挤我。(朗文P110) They backed out of the contract at the last minute. 他们在最后一分钟退出了合同。(朗文P110)

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14.—You promised to help—you mustn’t________now. —No,I won’t. A.pick out B.back out C.make out D.take out 解析:选B。句意:——你答应帮忙 的,你不能食言。——是的,我不会食言 的。back out食言。

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12. get across使理解(某事);使明白;表达 get sth.across to sb.向某人传达某事 get about=get around=get round 各处旅行(走动);(消息,谣言等)传开 get along/on (with)进展(行);相处 get away (from)逃脱,逃离;离开;摆脱; 离题,跑题 get down使悲伤;使沮丧;把……写下来 get down to开始认真做,开始努力做

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get in请(某人)来帮忙;收割,收获 get into陷入;养成(某种习惯) get over恢复过来;克服,战胜 get through熬过(困境),接通电话; 达到(标准);通过(测试) He’s not very good at getting his ideas across. 他不善于表达思想。

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If everyone keeps in line,we’ll get through the customs more quickly. 如果大家都遵守秩序,我们会很快通过 海关。 She seemed to have got over her distress. 她似乎摆脱了她的悲痛心情。 I’m going to get down to studying English this term. 这学期我要认真学英语了。

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15.介副词填空 (1)As soon as I got to the office ,I got down________all this work. 答案:to

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(2)Would you get the washing________?It’s going to rain. 答案:in

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(3)It took a long time to get________to the workers the way the system worked. 答案:across

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(4)The next time I saw him he had got________his anger and disappointment. 答案:over

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13. break out(坏事)突然发生;爆发 break away (from)逃脱;挣脱;脱离 break down出故障,抛锚;(身体、精 神)垮掉,(关系或讨论)破裂,中止,停 顿;分解;砸破,打倒 break in闯入;打断;插嘴 break into闯进;开始做……;打断

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break off停止;断绝(关系);中断 (讨论);折断;使断开 break through冲破;突破 break up打碎、粉碎;使(关系)破 裂;终止, 结束;制止,驱散;放假 break with与……绝交;与……决裂

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比较网站

happen,occur,take place,come about,break out (1)happen“发生”,强调偶然性。 (2)occur“发生”,指意想不到的事情的 发生,与happen基本相同。 (3)take place“发生,举行”,强调必然 性或按事先的安排或计划而发生。 (4)come about“发生”相当于happen。

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(5)break out“发生”,指灾难性的战 争、火灾、疾病等的爆发。 Accidents like this always happen. 这类事故经常发生。 The party will take place next Saturday. 派对下星期六举行。 The opportunity to get into computing came about quite by accident.(朗文P414)

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进入计算机行业是一个很偶然的机会。 The idea occurred to him in a dream. 这个主意是他在梦中想到的。(牛津 P1189) The earthquake broke out in the midnight and lots of people were killed. 地震发生在午夜,许多人因此遇难。

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16.I was still sleeping when the fire________,and then it spread quickly. A.broke out B.put out C.came out D.got out

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解析:选A。考查动词短语词义辨析。 句意:我仍在睡时,突然发生了大火,接着 迅速蔓延。break out突然发生;put out扑 灭;come out泄露,出版;get out逃离。

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17.The computer system________suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. A.broke down B.broke out C.broke up D.broke in

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解析:选A。句意:当他在网上搜寻信 息时,电脑系统突然不能运转。break down 损坏,不能运转;break out爆发;break up 拆开,打破;break in闯入。

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14. run out of用完;耗尽 use up用完 sb.runs out of sth.某人用光某物 sth.is run out of某物被用光 sth.is running out某物快用光了 sb.uses up sth.某人用光某物 sth.is used up某物被用光 sb.runs short of sth.某人用光某物 sth.runs short某物用完了 sb./sth.gives out某人精疲力尽/某物用完

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Tom had run out of money and he had to write a letter asking his father to send him some by post. 汤姆用完了钱,不得不写信让父亲汇些 来。 Food in the flooded area ran out fast since more and more people became homeless.

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由于愈来愈多的人无家可归,洪灾区的 食品很快就用完了。 His strength gave out after he ran that long distance. 跑完那么长一段距离,他已筋疲力竭。 They have used up their money. 他们已经把钱花光了。

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18.—Have we________food? —Yes,________.We’d better buy some. A.run out of;we have run it out B.run out of;our food has run out C.run out of;our food has been run out D.run out;our food has run out

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解析:选B。本题考查“用完”的表达 方式。第一空应用run out of,相当于及物 动词,后跟宾语。第二空为our food has run out或our food has been run out of;故 答案为B。

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19.The dog was running________a rabbit. A.on B.in C.into D.after 解析:选D。本题考查动词短语。根据 句意:狗正在追赶一只兔子,可知选用run after“追赶,追逐”。

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15. carry on继续做某事 carry on doing /with sth.继续做某事 carry around随身带,携带 carry out实行,执行;完成 carry away带走,使失去自控力 carry (sb./sth.) through使渡过难 关;完成,实现 carry off赢得;获得

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Carry on with your work. 继续干你的工作吧。(朗文P209) Our planes carried out a bombing raid on enemy targets. 我们的飞机执行了一项轰炸敌方目标的 任务。(朗文P209) Despite powerful opposition,they managed to carry their reforms through. 尽管遇到了强大的阻力,他们还是设法 进行了改革。(朗文P209)

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He carried off most of the prizes. 他赢得了大多数的奖项。(牛津 P243) We must carry on hoping for the best. 我们必须抱最好的希望。

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20.用carry的相关短语填空 (1)We were________ ________by the music. 答案:carried away

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(2)They decided to________ ________in spite of the weather. 答案:carry on

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(3)The attack was________ ________by a group of 15 rebels. 答案:carried out

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(4)I________ the bags________to the
car. 答案:carried;around/about

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句型探究
面对面

16. 【教材原句】 Although people enjoyed reading his book,many of them thought that Marco’s stories about China were too fantastic to be true. 尽管人们喜欢读他的书,但是很多人认 为马可写的关于中国的故事太离奇了,令人 难以置信。

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【句法分析】 (1)此句为含有although 引导的状语从句的主从复合句。although 引 导的让步状语从句可以与yet,still连用,但 不能与but连用。 Although he is very old,(yet)he is quite strong. 他虽然年纪大了,身体还很健壮。 They are generous although they are poor. 尽管他们穷,却很慷慨。

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比较网站

although,though 这两个词都可作连词,引导让步状语从 句,一般可互换使用。 Although/Though he is in poor health, he works hard. 尽管他身体不好,但是他工作努力。 但在下列用法中,不能用although,要 用though。

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①though可以用在倒装句中。 Young though he is,he is quite experienced. 他虽然年轻,但很有经验。 ②though还可用作副词,表示“然 而”,放在句末或其他位置。 He said he would come;he didn’t though. 他说他要来,结果却没来。

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(2)该句中使用了too...to...结构,意为 “太……而不能……”。 ①too后面跟形容词(或副词),但当其后 接形容词修饰单数可数名词时,要把不定冠 词a(n)放在形容词之后。 It was too hot a day for us to work. 天太热了,我们不能干活。

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(2)该句中使用了too...to...结构,意为 “太……而不能……”。 ①too后面跟形容词(或副词),但当其后 接形容词修饰单数可数名词时,要把不定冠 词a(n)放在形容词之后。 It was too hot a day for us to work. 天太热了,我们不能干活。

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④can’t...too...表示“无论怎样……也不 过分”。 ⑤too... to句式可以与not enough...to... 或so...that...句式相互转换。 He is too weak to carry the box.=He isn’t strong enough to carry the box.=He is so weak that he can’t carry the box. 他太弱了,搬不动这个箱子。

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They seemed to be too nervous and were too anxious to leave. 他们好像过分紧张,并且十分急于离 开。 He is too wise not to solve this problem. 他非常聪明,能够解决这个问题。 We arrived too late to have dinner. 我们到得太晚了,没赶上吃饭。

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21.There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely,________she was an only child. A.ever since B.now that C.even though D.even although 解析:选C。even though和even if意思相 同,是“尽管”的意思。句意:尽管凯特是独生 女,但她从没感到孤独。

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22.翻译句子 (1)他起得太晚,没能赶上火车。 __________________________________ ______________________________________ 答案:He got up too late to catch the train.

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(2)我非常高兴接受你的邀请。 __________________________________ ______________________________________ 答案:I’m only too delighted to accept your invitation.

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(3)他乐于助人。 __________________________________ ______________________________________ 答案:He is too ready to help others.

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(4)英语并不难学。 __________________________________ ______________________________________ 答案:English is not too difficult to learn.

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