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高考英语阅读 七选五分析技巧 北分 于觉忠提供_图文

高考英语阅读分析
——七选五
The best preparation for tomorrow is doing your best today.

一)题型解读:
? 试题模式:给出一篇缺少5个句子的文章,
对应有七个选项,要求同学们根据文章结构、 内容,选出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。

? 考查重点:主要考查考生对文章的整体内容
和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。 (考试说明)

? 选项特点:主旨概括句(文章整体内容)
过渡性句子(文章结构) 注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义)

文章特点:说明文
2010年高考 2011年高考 2011年辽宁 Introduction of Muzak Money matters Easy way to Keep Your Brain Sharp Public Speaking and Critical Thinking 说明文 说明文

说明文
说明文

2011北京

2010年高考阅读:Muzak
文章体裁:

说明文
5.3 P316

说明对象: Muzak

说明方法: 举例子、列数字、 做比较

? The next time you go into a bank, a store, or a supermarket, stop and listen. What do you hear? ___71___ It's similar to the music you listen to, but it's not exactly the same. That's because this music was especially designed to relax you, or to give you extra energy. Sometimes you don't even realize the music is playing, but you react to the music anyway. C. Music is playing in the background.

? Quiet background music used to be called "elevator (电梯) music" because we often heard it in elevators. But lately we hear it in more and more places, and it has a new name "Muzak". About one-third of the people in America listen to "Muzak" everyday. The music plays for 15 minutes at a time, with short pauses in between. It is always more lively between ten and eleven in the morning, and between three and four in the afternoon, when people are more tired. ___72___

B. The music gives them extra energy.

? If you listen to Muzak carefully, you will probably recognize the names of many of the songs. Some musicians or songwriters don't want their songs to be used as Muzak, but others are happy when their songs are chosen. Why? ___73___ F. They get as much as $4 million a year if their songs are used.

? Music is often played in public places because it is designed to make people feel less lonely when they are in an airport or a hotel. It has been proven that Muzak does what it is designed to do. Tired office workers suddenly have more energy when they hear the pleasant sound of Muzak in the background. ___74___ Supermarket shoppers buy 38 percent more groceries. D. Factory workers produce 13 percent more.

? ___75___ They say it's boring to hear the same songs all the time. But other people enjoy hearing Muzak in public places. They say it helps them relax and feel calm. One way or another, Muzak affects everyone. Some farmers even say their cows give more milk when they hear Muzak!
A. Some people don't like Muzak.

解题策略:

strategies
? ? ? ? ? ? 1.看标题、副标题预测文章大意 2.看选项,找出和文章相对应的关键词 3.通读全文,查看主题句,分析结构 4.看空前空后内容,分析之间的逻辑性 5.灵活掌握答题顺序 (先易后难) 6. 代入答案,重点核查逻辑关系。

明结构,理脉络
总 分
72
关系递进

71
关系递进

73

74

首 尾 呼 应



75

选项特点 主旨概括句(文章整体内容)

过渡性句子(文章结构)

注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义)

1.主旨概括句(文章整体内容)
? ? ? ? 1.标题型 —— 短小精悍 (多为名词性短语、祈使句) 2. 首句型 文章主题,首尾呼应 1) 首段首句 总结下文—— 本段主题 靠上下文承接做题 ? 3)末段首句 文章主题,首尾呼应

? 2) 中间段首句

2. 中间过渡性句 —— 承前启后
?

七 选 五 小 策 略

1. 看代词或冠词。it, they, this, the… 2. 看空前,空后的逻辑关系(conj) ? however, but, so, though, also ... 3. 看本段主题做题。 4. 相似元素最多,相关性最强。 同义词/近义词/的重复使用 同一词根,不同词性的单词 5.看行文逻辑是否完整全面

3.注释性句子
不能与上文脱节,同意不同词
Riding a London subway , a person from China will notice one major difference: In London, commuters (乘车上下班的人)don’t look at each other. __71__. That is not rudeness ---- people are just too busy to bother looking . A.Modern Londoner are fancy victims D.In fact ,eye contact is avoided at all the time.

The reading strategies
? ? ? ? Catch the main idea of the whole passage. Understand the logical connections. Locate the related key words. Check your answers in the context.

? ? ? ?

主旨大意把握好 读懂选项更重要 关键信息相匹配 核查排除不可少

策略只是技巧,理解才是关键
Supposing you are the writer , try your best to complete the essay and solve the problem!

词汇是基础
Enlarge your vocabulary ! Enjoy reading !!

The best preparation for tomorrow is doing your best today.

Autumn blues? Lets the sunshine in.
? ___75__ ? Blooming plants are cheering . ……

? A. Decorate your room and work space with flowers ? G. Autumn always gives us a beautiful scene

看冠词和代词做题 (the)
? Some 40 years earlier, at the beginning of the 18th century, the French had founded another city just above the Mississippi delta, New Orleans. 75 . New Orleans is one of the great ports of the world, and one of the greatest terminals for both sea and river traffic. ? A. It was the Mississippi that made the city what it is (海淀一模The Mississippi)

看冠词和代词做题(these)
? At the beginning, much depends on how people meet,and on good first impressions. As we get to know people, 72 . Although these factors are not of the greatest importance ,it is more difficult to have a good relationship with people when there is a big difference in age and background. ? E.we consider things like age,race,looks, economic and social status,etc(西城期末)

靠空前,空后的逻辑关系(转折)
? Over the last 25 years, British society has changed a great deal – or at least many parts of it have. 71 . Ideas about social class – whether a person is ―working class‖ or ―middle - class‖ – are one area in which changes have been extremely slow. F.In some ways, however, very little has changed, particularly where attitudes are concerned(海二模)

靠空前,空后的关系做题(转折)
? Giacomo Puccini was born in 1858 and was a son of a musical director. 66 He is remembered as a master of opera.
? C. Though Puccini received training in various areas of music, his true love was in opera.(宣期末)

看行文逻辑(完整全面)
? It is not easy to deal with all of our fears and worries. When your fears and anxieties have the best of you, try to calm down and then get the facts of the situation. The key is to take it slow. All you can do is do your best each day ,hope for the best ,and when something does happen, take it easy .__________ 态度 ? A. Take it one step at a time and things will work out . 方法 ? ? C. This will give you the confidence to manage your anxiety.

. 相似元素最多,相关性最强。
? Busy doing what ,you ask ?well they are certainly not using the time for a moment of quiet reflection. Nor are they reading a book ._72__ today the only acceptable form of book on the London Underground is an e—book. ? B. new technology has replace quiet habits ? G. Technology is changing the way London commuters spend their traveling time .

Riding a London subway

总结下文,本段主题句 ? __74___ According to some psychologists , if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot ,then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children. ? B . Parents should also be careful about what they say to young children ? D. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent.

靠上下文承接做题
? For mental control, meditation(沉思,冥想) does the task. ……. When you relax your thoughts, it trains your mind to deal effectively with outside distractions so you can stay centered on what matters most at the moment . ? _74_ It prevents you from overreaction and also from overacting. When your emotions settle down, you gain greater awareness of the environment you are in ,and feel calm and in control. ? E. your emotions are well served by meditation as well.


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