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高考新题型专项训练---阅读理解七选五


高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

高考英语阅读理解七选五解题指导
? 题型解读 试题模式为:给出一篇缺少 5 个句子的文章,对应有七个选项,要求同学们根据文章结 构、内容,选出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。《考试说明》对该题型命题目的的表述为 “主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。” 该题型选项大致可分为主旨概括句(文章整体内容)、过渡性句子(文章结构)和注释 性句子(上下文逻辑意义)三类。另外两个多余的干扰项也可以通过这三个特点来排除,例 如主旨概括句要么过于宽泛要么以偏概全或偏离主题, 过渡性句子不能反映文章的行文结构, 注释性句子与上文脱节等。 ? 解题步骤 1、先看选项。跟完形填空不一样,七选五的答案选项较少,并且给出的都是句子,因 此, 我们可以通过句子的完整性或者句子后面的标点符号来判断该句在文章中的位置。 另外, 通过阅读选项, 有可能找出跟其他选项表达完全不同意思的句子, 这样的话我们就可以直接 将该选项排除。 2、再看空前空后。由于七选五空出的是整个句子,而这些句子与句子之间,必然有一 种联系, 因此我们可以通过选项中某个名词或动词跟空前或空后的一致性或者相关性来确定 这两个句子之间有一种关联性,从而选择正确的答案。 3、注意代词或定冠词。在做这类题目的时候,一定要注意句子中出现的人称代词或者 指示代词,因为我们知道,代词是指代一个名词或者一个句子的,然后通过代词在句子中所 做的成分我们可以推断出它指代的句子的类型, 我们要做的就是从选项中找这类句型就可以 了。 4、注意一些特殊疑问词。如果选项中或空前出现特殊疑问词,一定要把这句话仔细读 几遍,因为对于不同特殊疑问词的回答方式是不一样的,比如对 why 的回答,后面要有 because 等表原因的词,对 when 的回答,后面要有表时间的状语,对 where 的回答,后面要 有表地点的名词,对 how 的回答,后面要有方式状语等。 5、注意一些连词。如一些表示转折的连词,but,However,yet,though,nevertheless 等,另外还有一些表示并列关系的连词如 and , also , aswellas , neithernor , eitheror , notonly...butalso,ononehand....ontheotherhand 等。因为这些连词可以表现句子与句子之间的 关系,通过不同的连词我们可以推知句子与句子之间不同的关系。 6、用代入法,检查答案是否合理。 将所有选择答案放回空白处,通读全文,检查文章内容是否语义连贯合理、紧扣主题, 语篇结构是否通顺连贯、具有一致性、合乎逻辑,写作思路是否清晰明了,格式以及用语是 否恰当贴切,从而判断选择的答案是否正确。 ? 例题解析 Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a better student in several ways. 71 Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to yourstudy time and helps you to hold your interest. You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or
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高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

doing research. 72 selective process. 73

Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a

The following methods may work best for you. ●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it. ●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and supporting facts. ● Write your notes in your own words. ● 74 ● Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written. As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand(速记). When you do, be sure that you understandyour symbols and that you use them all the time. A. Use words, not complete sentences. B. There are three practical note-taking methods. C. You must write your notes on separate paper. D. Otherwise, you may not be able to read your notes later. E. You will also want to develop your own method for taking notes. F. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes. G. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember it. 分析: 这篇文章整体分为四个段落层次, 每个段落均由几个语段构成相对独立地语义单 位,各段都围绕“Taking good notes”这样一个中心话题,形成了文章的线性结构。 第一段讲述的是做笔记是好学生在多方面的一项省时技巧,第二段讲述的是不管何时、 用何种方法做笔记,都要有选择性的做记录,第三段讲述的是做笔记的最佳方法,第四段讲 述的是要记住自己的速记符号, 这就形成了文章的层次结构, 这对下一步的做题有了明确的 整体方向。 答案:GEFAD 分析前后逻辑关系找依据是关键!!! ? 真题演练 Passage 1 2015 新课标全国卷 1 Building Trust in a Relationship Again Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences. 36 .That is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake. Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore.37. It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there. 38 Having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being. 39 If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference
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高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated. You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. 40 Instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness. A.Learn to really trust yourself. B. It is putting confidence in someone. C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim. D. Remember that you can expect the best in return. E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again. F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships. G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened. Passage 2 2013 新课标全国卷 1

Business is the organized approach to providing customers with the goods and services they want. The word business also refers to an organization that provides these goods and services. Most businesses seek to make a profit(利润)— that is, they aim to achieve income that is more than the costs of operating the business. 71 Commonly called nonprofits, these organizations are primarily nongovernmental service providers. 72 Business management is a term used to describe the techniques of planning, direction, and control of the operations of a business. 73 One is the establishment(制定) of broad basic policies with respect to production; sales; the purchase of equipment, materials and supplies; and accounting. 74 The third relates to the establishment of standards of work in all departments. Direction is concerned primarily with supervision(监管)and guidance by the management in authority. 75 A. Control includes the use of records and reports to compare actual work with the set standards for work. B. In this connection there is the difference between top management and operative management. C. Examples of nonprofit business include such organizations as social service agencies and may hospitals. D. However, some businesses only seek to earn enough to cover their operating costs. E. The second aspect relates to the application of these policies by departments. F. In the theory of business management, organization has two main aspects. G. Planning in business management has three main aspects. Passage 3 2013 海南卷
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高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

Public Speaking Training · Get a coach 51 ,so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that's right for you. · Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren't doing well. 52 , so good public speaking training should develop those instead of telling you what you shouldn't do. · 53 If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it's going to give you lots of dos and don'ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you're going to be talking about. 54. As far as we're concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. · You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits.55 . Your training course should help you bring out yourpersonality, not try to turn you into someone you're not. A. You aren't like anybody else B. You already do lots of things well C. Turn your back on too many rules D. Check the rules about dos and don'ts E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough F .The one thing you don't want is for them to fall asleep G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse Passage 4 Urbanization Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago. __71_ . In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or intiny rural (乡村的) villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society inhistory--- a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living. Britain was only the beginning. 72_ .The process of urbanization--- the migration (迁移) of people from the countryside to the city--- was the result of modernization, which has rapidly transformed how people live and where they live. In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms. 73 . Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies. It took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people
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2013 北京卷

高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

incities. _74__ . Until modern times, those living in cities were mainly the ruling elite(精英) and the servants, laborers and professionals who served them. Citiessurvived by taxing farmers and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city. Over the past two centuries, the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country. ___75_ . Today, instead of needing ninety-five farmers to feed five city people, one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred non-farmers. A. That kept cities very small. B. The rest live in small towns. C. The effects of urban living on people should be considered. D. Soon many other industrial nations become urban societies. E. But even 200 years ago, only a few people could live in cities. F. Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive. G. Modern cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings. Passage 5 Do you have a habit of talking to yourself?____1____You may ask yourself how next you should proceed with the problem. Talking to yourself helps you vent out your thoughts and feelings out loud and it allows you to release your stress like a shaken-up bottle of coke that, upon opening, the foam fizzles out. And sharing your thoughts is really important, especially when you are in despair to release the burden. ______2____Many believe that by talking to yourself, you may suffer from some form of mental disabilities. This is obviously a false assumption. I think everyone does this from time to time whether it is to keep themselves entertained or openly debate about certain issues that they may be conflicting with. The only child grew up with nobody to talk to at home so talks to himself quite often. Someone talks to himself when begging encouragement or sorting things out. _____3____He does not really care if it is normal or not because it really helps him solve his problems. I talk to myself pretty much. _____4_____Sometimes I find I talk to myself if I am nervous. I talk to myself especially when something is bothering me. It occurs to me naturally and it is funny every single time that I catch myself "thinking out loud". It is funny. ____5_____ A. I do not think it is strange. B. Thinking aloud is different from reading aloud. C. You can do what you like so long as it pleases you. D. That is how I think and express myself when I have no one to talk to. E. There are many hidden meanings that associate with this type of conduct. F. When he has a problem or two he would all of a sudden talk to himself. G. It can happen when you are thinking something really hard or trying to get motivated, or just when you are confused and bored. ? 综合练习之语法填空
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高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

(1) This isatruestorywhichhappenedintheStates. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy)

hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital. 34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?” The father went home and committed suicide. Think about this story 37 to take revenge. Think first 38 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish you lose your patience with someone you love. 33

Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is40 (great) than revenge.

People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while ina rage will impress us forever.
(2)

In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd. But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned.

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高考新题型专项训练------阅读理解七选五

A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments.
? 综合练习之短文改错 (1) Locate in Conghua, the Temple, which covers an area of 900 square meters, are said to be built between 1426 and 1435. After it was first built, much big repairs were done in different dynasties, seven of them were recorded in words. This is first discovery of ancient buildings in our province with exact times. To let it survive, local villagers and government treasures the grand relic and protect it with great care and repair it when is necessary. Because of their great efforts, in 2003, when the Temple was given first prize as cultural relic protection from the UN. (2) Grain, which is used to be the main food of most people in China, is now playing a more important role. On the other hand, meat and fish has increased rapidly. The changes in diet can be accounted by three main reason. First, people are much wealthier than before. By higher income, they can afford to buy good foods. Secondly, people have realized the importance of balanced diet to their health. Lack in certain amount of meat, for example, will result in poor health. Finally, because of the economic reform, meat, chicken, fish or milk, which were scarce in the past, were produced in large quantities now. We believe that as far as the effort continues in reform and development, there will be greater changes in people’s diet in the future.

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