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欧盟关于可追溯性Traceability方面的讲座PPT 03dyardtraceabilitypresentation


Food Traceability Incidents

David Yard Head of Incidents Branch Food Standards Agency

Traceability
? Does not make food safe- it is a risk management tool used to contain food safety problems ? Ensures targeted or accurate withdrawals/recalls can be undertaken, appropriate information can be given to consumers and food businesses and unnecessary disruption of trade can be avoided

Legal Basis for Traceability of Food
? EC Regulation 178/2002 ? Article 18 ? 18(1)Traceability of food, feed food producing animals shall be established at all stages of production, processing and distribution ? 18(2/3) Have in place systems and procedures to identify businesses that have supplied them or who they have sold to.

Legal basis for traceability of food (contd)
? 18(3) information shall be made available to competent authorities on demand ? 18(4) food placed on market shall be adequately labelled or identified to facilitate its traceability- includes documentation

What does this mean in practice?
? EC guidance on the implementation of General Food Law 178/2002 ? Traceability requirement relies on one step back and one step forward approach. ? Do not have to record immediate customers if final consumers ? Does not extend to food business operators in third countries

What does this mean in practice? (contd)
? ‘Internal traceability’ ie the matching up of all inputs to outputs is not a legal requirement of Regulation 178/2002 ? No requirement to establish such a link or to keep records of how batches are split ? FBOs should be encouraged to develop internal traceability systems- the level of detail should be left to FBO commensurate with nature & size of business

The Food Incidents Branch
? Deal with approx 1500 incidents a year ? Chemical, Microbiological and physical contamination ? Examples include:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Allergens - (nut, milk contamination) Chemicals - (cleaning compounds) Illegal Additives - (Sudan, Para Red) Irradiated Foods - (vitamin supplements) Microbiological - (salmonella) Environmental - (fires) Physical - Glass, metal, plastics)

Incident Investigation
? Key points of investigation particularly if withdrawal/recall is to be effected are: ? Who were suppliers of ingredients. ? The amount produced. ? Description, Size, Date Code, Lot Code etc ? The amount sold, when and to whom. ? The amount recovered if any.

Examples of Incidents- Sudan I

History of Sudan I
? ? ? ? ? ? Illegal dye Not intended for food use Added to enhance value First detected in July 2003 Widespread Dealt with 200+ plus incidents

History of Sudan I
? Sudan I identified in Worcester sauce, in Italy, by customer of UK manufacturer ? Analysis confirmed Sudan I at 3mg/kg ? Originated from contaminated batch of chilli powder (80 mg/kg) ? Worcester sauce supplied to a large number of other companies - used to make several hundred different food products

History of Sudan I
? As with previous Sudan I incidents, conclusion was to identify affected products and withdraw them. ? Plus point of sale notices ? Final list of nearly 600 posted on 8th March. ? Largest food recall in UK

History of Sudan I
? Size and Scale of incident challenging ? Products widely distributed (around the world) ? Contaminated Spice imported by one man into UK ? Spice Blenders who supplied manufacturers had no internal traceability ? High media interest

Examples of media coverage

Consequences of Major Incidents- Sudan
? Costs to UK industry- estimated to be between ?100-200m ? 60 staff working full time for 3 weeks ? In first week 1200 phone calls and 1000 e-mails/letters ? Over 10 days, 100 million hits to website ? 1395 items of media coverage in 2-3 weeks

Examples of incidents- Broken Rice
? Notified of Incident regarding Broken rice from Pakistan via Sweden contaminated with Aflatoxin ? By time millers became aware widely processed into other products and distributed widely.(20+ primary companies plus secondary distribution)

Broken rice
? Manufacturers very co-operative ? Distribution and reconciliation data obtained without due delay, including processing quantities. ? Recalled 3 end products calculated to be above legal limit. ? Many other products remained on sale because calculated to be below limit. ? Proportionate response.

Thank You for your attention

David Yard Head of Incidents Branch Food Standards Agency david.yard@foodstandards.gsi.gov.uk


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