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Unit1 Where’s your pen pal from? 1. --你的笔友来自哪里? -- Where is your pen pal from? (无―实义 动词 come, 用 is/are‖) --他来自加拿大。 -- He/She is from Canada. 同义句: -- Where does your pen pal come from? (有―实义动词 come, 用 do/does‖) -- He/She comes from Canada. 来自:be from = come from

练 : They’re _______ Australia, beautiful country. A. come from B. comes from C. from D. for 2. --你的笔友来自加拿大吗? -- Is your pen pal from Canada? --是的。-- Yes, he/she is. 同义句:


-- Does your pen pal come from Canada? - Yes, he/she does. 3. 他来自澳大利亚:He is from Australia. 他是澳大利亚人:He is Australian. 4. --你的笔友住在哪里? -- Where does your pen pal live?他住在多伦 多。 -- He/She lives in Toronto. 居住在某地:live in +地点 练: -- When _____ the girl _____ her homework? -- In the evening. A. does, does B. does, do C. is, do D. is, does -- _______ your sister have a pen pal? Yes, she _______. A. Is, is B. Does, do C. Can, can D. Does, does -- Ling Tao is a Chinese, but now he _______ in the UK.

A. live

B. is

C. is from

D. comes from

5. --你的笔友说什么语言? -- What language does your pen pal speak? --他说英语。-- He/She speaks English. 说某种语言:speak+语言 speak a little+语言;speak in+语言; 用某种语言说某东西:say sth in+语言; 对某人说:say to sb 告诉某人:tell sb

练:My new pen pal ________ me that he can ________ Chinese but only a little. I can’t ________ French, but I can ___say_____ it in English. 6. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去看电影: I like going to the movies with my friends. I like to go to the movies with my friends. ① 句型:喜欢做某事

like doing sth = like to do sth ② 去看电影:go to the movies ③ 看电影:see a movie 7. 写信给某人: write to sb = write a letter to sb 互相写信:write to each other 互相写电子邮件:write e-mails to each other 8. 一部动作电影:an action movie 9. 告诉我关于你自己:tell me about yourself 讲故事:tell a story 讲故事给某人听:tell a story to sb 10. 在周末:on weekends 在平时:on the weekdays 11. 相似单词比较: (1) 信:letter 一点:little (2) 法国:France 法语:French 12. (1) like v. 喜欢; 如:He likes reading.

(2) like mother.

prep. 像 ; 如 : He looks like his

13. (1) country n. 国家; There are many countries in the world. (2) country n. 乡村; 乡村音乐:country music He lives in the country. 14. (1) from prep. 来自; 如:My pen pal is from Canada. (2) from prep. 从; 如:Let’s read from the beginning of this book.

Unit2 Where’s the post office? 1. 问路: (1) Excuse me, how can I get to the post office? (2) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?

2. --这儿附近有一个邮局吗?-- Is there a post office near here? --是的。-- Yes, there is. (否定:No, there isn’t.) ① there be 翻译为―有‖,不能拆开翻译。 用法: There is+单数/不可数; There are+复数; ② 在附近: near here = in the neighborhood 3. –邮局在哪里?-- Where is the post office? --它在第五大街上。-- It’s on Fifth Avenue. (第五:用序数词 fifth) 在…街上:介词用 on 4. 它 在 沿 大 桥 街 右 侧 : It’s down Bridge Street on the right. 沿…街左侧:down …street on the left 5. 散步通过花园:Take a walk through the park. (指―穿过 park 的内部‖) 6. 在宾馆旁边是一间有着漂亮花园的小房子: Next to the hotel is a small house with a beautiful garden. (不能用 has) 7. 我 爸 爸 很 享 受 散 步 的 乐 趣 : My father

enjoys taking a walk very much. ① 句型:享受做某事的乐趣: enjoy doing sth ② 散步:take a walk 去散步:go for a walk ③ 走着去某地: walk to +地点= go to +地点 on foot 8. 这是花园之旅的开始: This is the beginning of the garden. ① 开始,开端:beginning ② 如:Let’s read from the beginning of this book. 在…的开端:at the beginning of… 9. 大桥街是一个很好玩的地方:Bridge Street is a good place to have fun. 10. 让我告诉你去我家的路: Let me tell you the way to my house. ① 去某地的路:the way to+地点. ③ 在某人去某地的路上: on one’s way to sp. home, there, here 前的介词―to‖要省略

③ 做某事的好方法: a good way to do sth 11. 比较: 表示―位置‖) ( 在…前面: front of… in 在…后面:behind… (表示―时间‖)在…之前:before… 在…之后:after… 比较:(1) in front of…在(外部)的前面; 如:There is a big tree in front of my house. (2) in the front of…在(内部)的前 面 ; 如 : The teacher is in the front of classroom. 12. 在左边/右边:on the left/right. 在…左边/右边:on the left/right of… 13. 笔直走:go straight 沿着…街(路)走:go down…Street/Road (两者合并)沿着…街(路)笔直走: go straight down…Street/Road 14. 向左转:turn left 向右转:turn right 15. 玩得(很)高兴:

掉头:turn around

have a good time = have (great) fun 句型:很高兴做某事: have (great) fun doing sth 16. 打的:take a taxi 打的去某地: take a taxi to sp = go to sp by taxi 乘公交车:take a bus 乘公交车去某地: take a bus to sp = go to sp by bus 17. 我希望你过一个愉快的旅途: I hope you have a good trip. 别人的赞美与祝愿,回答用― Thanks, Thank you‖来表示―感谢‖ 18. 到达某地方: (1) arrive in+大地方; arrive at+小地方; (2) arrive 单独使用; 如:When he arrives, the class is over. (3) get to+地方;

到家:get home 到达那里:get there 到达这里:get here 19. 穿过:(1) 从表面穿过:across 穿过马路:walk acorss the road (2) 从内部穿过:through 穿过公园:walk through the park 20. 在…上面: (1) on (指―表面接触‖) 如:There is a book on the desk. (2) over (指―表面不接触‖,悬空) 如:There is a bridge over the river. 21. 不定冠词 a/an 与定冠词 the 的选择使用 ——看―翻译‖。 (1) 翻译为―一…‖,用 a/an; (2) 翻译为―这…‖或―不需要翻译‖,用 the; 如: (1) There is ______ old man next to ______ post office. (2) – Do you know ______ London?

-- Of course. It’s in _____ United Kingdom. 22. (1) straight adv. 笔直地; Go down straight and turn left. (2) straight adj. 直的; 如:He has short straight black hair. 23. (1) turn v. 转弯; 向后转:Turn around. (2) turn n. 轮到某人的一次机会; It’s your turn to tell a story. 24. (1) left n. 左边; 如:Turn left. (2) left v. 离开 leave 的过去式; He left home early yesterday. 25. (1) right n. 右边; The post office is on your right. (2) right adj. 正确的; Which one is right? 26. (1) down adv. 向下;

Sit down, please. (2) down prep. 沿着; The post office is down Bridge Street on the right. 27. (1) open v. 打开; The shop opens at seven o’clock am. (2) open adj. 开着的;营业中的; The shop is open for 24 hours a day. 28. (1) clean v. 打扫; We clean the classroom every day. (2) clean adj. 干净的; Our classroom is very clean. 29. (1) if 如果; If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket. (2) if 是否; I don’t know if he will come. 30. (1) visit v. 参观,访问; (2) visit v. 看望,拜访; Unit3 Why do you like koalas? 1. –让我们先去看考拉。

-- Let’s see the koalas first. (first 翻译为 ―首先‖) –你为什么最喜欢考拉? -- Why do you like koalas best? (best 翻译为―最‖) --因为它们很可爱。 -- Because they are very cute. 句型:让某人做某事:let sb do sth 2. –你为什么不喜欢老虎? -- Why don’t you like tigers? --因为它们有点吓人。-- Because they are kind of scary. ① 在此处,表示―不‖,只要在 do 后加 not 即可。 ② 有点…:kind of+形容词 = a little+形容 词 3. 你 还 喜 欢 别 的 什 么 动 物 ? What other animals do you like? (后有 animals, other 不加 s) 你喜欢和别的年轻人工作吗? Do you like to work with other young people?

This isn’t my sweater. It’s ___yours_=your sweater ____ (you). Are all these children __________ (you)? 4. 他是一个 8 岁的男孩: He is an 8-year-old boy. (后有名词 boy, 用连字符,year 用原形) 他 8 岁:He is 8 years old. (后无名词 boy, 不用连字符,岁数大于 1,year 变复数) 5. 请保持安静: Please be quiet. = Please keep quiet. 6. 他每天通常睡和放松 20 个小时: usually He sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day. 每天:every day (要分开) 连在一起的 everyday 翻译为―日常的‖,是个形容词。 7. 和某人玩:play with sb 8. 在白天:during the day = in the day 在此处,during = in

9. 在晚上:at night = in the evening 在上学的晚上/白天:on school nights/days 10. 吃草:eat grass 吃叶子:eat leaves (leaf 的复数形式) 吃肉:eat meat 11. 相似单词比较: (1) 草:grass (不可数,无复数) (2) 玻璃:glass 复数:glasses 眼镜 12. 因为…,所以… because…, so… (不能同时出现在一个句子中) 虽然…,但是… though…, but… (只能使用其中一个) 如:_______ Tom is tired, _______ he wants to have a food rest. A. Because, so B. Though, but C. /, so D. /, but 13. (1) first num. 第一; 如:Sunday is the first day of a week.

(2) first adv. 首先; 首先:at first 如:Let’s see the koalas first. 14. (1) best adv.最; Why do you like koalas best? (2) best adj. 最好的; Who do you think is the best teacher in your class? 15. (1) very adv. 非常(放在形容词前) ; 如:The koalas are very cute. (2) very much 非常(放在动词后) ; Thank you very much. 16. (1) kind(s) of n. 种类; 如:There are many kinds of anmals in the zoo. What kind of noodles would you like? (2) kind of = a little adv. 有点; (无形式 变化) 如:He is kind of lazy. (3) kind adj. 和蔼的,友善的; 如: It’s kind of you to help me with my English.

17. 树叶:leaf 复数:leaves 变化规则:去 f 加 ves; 18. 小偷:thief 复数:thieves 变化规则:去 f 加 ves. Unit4 I want to be an actor. 1. –你是干什么的?-- What do you do? --我是一名医生。-- I’m a doctor. 询问―职业‖的另两种问法: ① What’s your job? ② What are you? 2. –你在哪里工作?-- Where do you work? --我在医院工作。-- I work in a hospital. 3. –你长大时想成为什么? -- What do you want to be when you grow up? --我想成为一名演员。 -- I want to be an actor because it’s interesting. be 动词:可译为―是‖或―成为‖,这里是―成 为‖的意思。 练:-- What do you want to _______,

Susan? -- A reporter. (082 七下期末考) A. be B. do C. have D. make 4. 人们把他们的钱给我或者从我这里拿走他们 的钱: People give me their money or get their money from me. 词组:把某东西给某人: give sb sth = give sth to sb 词组:从某人处得到某东西: get sth from sb 5. 我们有一份当服务员的工作给你: We have a job for you as a waiter. 6. 你想为杂志社写故事吗? Do you want to write stories for a magazine? 7. 你想参加学校戏剧吗? Do you want to be in the school play? 此处的 be in 意思是―参加‖,等于 join。 8. 我们是一所专为 5 到 12 的儿童开设的国际学 校: We are an international school for children of 5-12. 9. 我们想要一个体育老师教足球:we want a

P.E. teacher to teach soccer. 句型:想要某人做某事:want sb to do sth 10. 我们从星期一到星期五上学:We go to school from Monday to Friday. 11. 工作很迟:work late 努力工作:work hard 努力学习:study hard 12. 穿制服: wear a uniform 穿校服: wear a school uniform 13. 打 某 人 的 电 话 : call sb at+telephone number 14. 与某人讲话(单方面):talk to sb 与某人讲话(互相):talk with sb Who are you talking with? 谈论某事:talk about sth What are you talking about? 15. ―有定冠词‖与―没有定冠词‖的区别: (1) 去上学: to school go 去学校: to go the school (2) 住院: hospital in 在医院里: in the hospital 16. 句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doing sth 17. 关于做题时―名词‖加―的‖与―代词‖加―的‖:

(1) 翻译句子, 看有―的‖与无―的‖时句子意 思是否通顺。 (2) 如果需要加―的‖,则作出相应变化。 (3) 如 何 加 ’s ? ① 不 以 s 结 尾 的 加 ’s ; ② 以 s 结尾的只加 ’ 。 练:(1) My __________ (grandmother) home is on Market Street. (2) They are the __________ (twin) bedrooms. (3) I think they are __________ (他 们) friends. (4) we are eating dinner at my __________ (grandparent) home. (5) Please write and tell me about __________ (你) school. (6) This office is for __________ (我 们) English teacheer. 18. (1) when adv. 什么时候; 如:When does Linda get up every day? (2) when adv. 当…时; 如:What do you want to be when you grow up? 19. (1) or 或者; 如:People give their money to me or get their money from me.

(2) or 还是; 如:Which one do you like, this one or that one? 20. (1) call v. 打(电话); If you have an idea, please call me. (2) call v. 叫; 如:You can call me Tom. (3) call v. (大声)叫喊; 如:The boy calls, ―Where is the basketball?‖ 21. (1) play v. 玩,打; 如:She likes to play with her friends. (2) play n. 戏剧; 如:Do you want to be in the school play? (be in = join 参 加) 22. 音乐:music 音乐家:musician 23. 故事:story 复数:stories 变化规 则:去 y 加 ies; 24. 不规则可数名词变复数: (1) 男 警 察 : policeman 复数: policemen (2) 女 警 察 : policewoman 复数: policewomen (3) 孩子:child 复数:children 25. 单词辨析:(1) 新闻,消息:news (不可


(2) 纸:paper (不可数) (3) 报 纸 : newspaper 数,复数为 newspapers)


Unit5 I’m watching TV 1. 现在进行时的结构:主语+be+Ving. (be 动词和动词+ing 两者缺一不可) 考题形式:(1) 已知 be 动词,考后面的动词 形式(要加 ing) ; (2) 已知后面的动词+ing, 则前面 用 be 动词。 如:(1) The boy is _________ (run) with his father. (2) Some children are __________ (lie) on the grass. (3) My brother and I are __________ (play) soccer. (4) His sister is __________ (read) a book. 2. --你正在做什么?-- What are you doing? --我正在看电视。-- I’m watching TV. 3. 那听起来很棒:That sounds great/good. 4. 谢谢你的信和照片:Thanks for your letter

and the photos. ① 谢谢某东西:Thanks for sth ② 句型:谢谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth 5. 这是我的一些照片:Here are some of my photos. (―一些照片‖是―复数‖,be 用 are) 这是我的一张全家福照片:Here is a photo of my family. (―一张照片‖是―单数‖, 用 is) be 6. 句型:忙于做某事:be busy doing sth 如:His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room. 7. 表示―活动‖的―动词词组‖ ① 做 家 庭 作 业 : do one’s homework ② 打扫房间:clean the room ③ 吃晚饭:eat dinner ④ 打电话:talk on the phone = make a telephone call ⑤ 看书/看报/看杂志:read books, read newspapers, read magazines ⑥ (学生)上课: have an English class (老师)上课:give an English class ⑦ 举 行 晚 会 : have an evening party ⑧ 和某人说再见:say goodbye to sb 8. 在购物中心:at the mall 在游泳池:at

the (swimming) pool 在学校:at school 在体育馆里: in the gym 9. 在第一张照片中:in the first photo 在第 二张照片中:in the second photo 在下一张照片中:in the next photo 在 最后一张照片中:in the last photo 10. 等汽车:wait for the bus 在汽车站等 (某人):wait (for sb) at the bus stop 11. 我的兄弟和我: brother and I my (要把 ―我‖放在后面) 12. (身体)好,健康:well = fine 如:-- How is your mother? -- She is _______. 13. 活动:activity 复数:activities (以 辅音字母+y 结尾的,去 y 加 ies) 玩具:toy 复数:toys (以元音字母 +y 结尾的,直接加 s) 14. (1) 也:also 用于―肯定句的句中‖; (2) 也:too 用于―肯定句的句末,前加 逗号‖; (3) 也:either 用于―否定句的句末,前加 逗号‖。 15. (1) show n. 节目;如:TV show, sports

show, game show, talk show (2) show v. 给…看;如:Can you show me your family photo? I’ll show you the way. (3) show v. 表演;如:Can you show us Beijing Opear?

Unit6 It’s raining! 1. – 今 天 北 京 的 天 气 怎 么 样 ? -- How’s the weather in Beijing today? (无 like 用 How) --是晴天。 It’s sunny. -(其他天气: windy, cloudy, sunny=fine=nice) 同义句: What’s the weather like today? -(有 like 用 What) -- It’s sunny. (其他天气: warm, hot, cool, cold, dry, humid) 练:We don’t know _______ the weather will be tomorrow. A. how B. what C. how’s

D. what’s 2. --你最近过得怎么样?-- How’s it going with you? --相当好: Pretty good. 很棒: Great. 还 不错:Not bad. 很糟糕:Terrible. 3. (1) 在 夏 天 天 是 多 雨 的 。 It’s rainy in summer. (it 后有 be 动词 is, 后面用形容词 rainy) (2) 在夏天天经常下雨。It often rains in summer. (it 后无 be 动词 is, 后面用动词 rains) (3) 现在正在下雨:It’s raining now. (is 和动词 ing 构成―现在进行时‖) 相同用法的词还有 snowy, snows. 练:(1) What do you do when it ______? A. rain B. rainy C. raining D. is rainy (2) It’s __________ (rain) heavily in Harbin now. (3) The radio says it will be __________ (rain) tomorrow. (4) – How’s the weather on Sunday? -- ________. A. It’s rain B. It’s raining

C. It’s rains D. It rainy 4. 谢谢你参加中央电视台―环游世界‖节目。 Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show. 句型: 感谢你做某事: Thank you for doing sth 5. 有许多人正躺在沙滩上:There are many people lying on the beach. ① 句型:有某人正在做某事:There be sb doing sth ② 躺在沙滩上:lie on the beach (lie 加 ing 的规则:将 ie 变成 y, 再加 ing) 6. 一些正在拍照,另外的正躺在沙滩上。 Some are taking photos, others are lying on the beach. (1) 一些…,另一些…(复数) :some…, others… (2) 一个…,另一个…(单数) :one…, the other… 7. 他们看起来很酷:They look cool. 他 看起来很酷:He looks cool. 8. 电 话 用 语 : (1) 你 是 谁 ? Who’s that? 不能用:Who are you?

(2) 你是某某吗? Is that…? 不能用:Are you…? (3) 是 某 某 在 说 话 吗 ? Is that … speaking? 回答用: Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. (4) 我是某某: This is…. 不 能用:I’m …. (5) 是某某在说话:This is … speaking. 9. 句型:做完某事:finish doing sth 完成 某事:finish sth 如 : He finishes reading a book about science. He finishes his homework at home every day. 10. 句型:为了做某事:in order to do sth 跟在 to 后面的动词用原形。 11. 与 look 有关的词组: (1) 看 着 某 人 / 某 东 西 : look at sb/sth (2) 寻找某人/某东西:look for sb/sth (3) 照顾某人/某东西:look after sb/sth (4) 看起来像某人/某东西:look like sb/sth (5) 小心:look out

(6) 朝…外面看:look out of… 如:朝 窗外看:look out of the windows 12. 与―人‖有关的形容词+ed 如:relaxed, surprised, interested, excited 与―物‖有关的形容词+ing 如:relaxing, surprising, interesting, exciting 练 : (1) The teacher is __________ (surprise) at the news. (2) I’m having a good time and __________ (relax). 13. 烧饭 (总称) cook meals : 烧早饭(中饭, 晚饭):cook breakfast/lunch/dinner 14. 在度假:on vacation 度假:have a vacation 15. 拍照片: (单数) take a photo (复数) take photos 16. 打沙滩排球:play beach volleyball 17. 在这种热度下:in this heat 18. 围围巾:(单数) wear a scarf (复数) wear scarves 19. (天气)晴朗的:sunny = fine = nice 如:Today is sunny. = Today is fine. = Today is nice.

20. 学习:study 三单:studies 字母+y 结尾的,去 y 加 ies) 海滩: beach 复数: beaches ch, sh 结尾的,加 es)

(以辅音 (以 s, x,


七年级下册1-6单元知识点汇总 - Unit 1. Can you play t
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