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现代大学英语Unit2_language study_图文

Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

Part Four

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

Language Study
I. II. Word Study Phrases and Expressions

III. Word Building

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

I.

Word Study

Word list:
1. perplex 2. corollary 3. Plummet 4. coax 5. abate 6. 8. couch dishearten 11. solace 13. inveterate 14. invincible 15. supplant 7. discontented 12. installment 9. equivalent 10. ethos

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

1. perplex
v. a. to cause one to be completely confused b. to make more complicated Examples: She was perplexed by her husband's moodiness. This problem is hard enough to perplex even the teacher. I have no wish to perplex the issue.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

2. Corollary
n. a. a proposition that follows from (and is often appended to) one already proved b. a direct or natural consequence or result

Examples:
The number of prisoners increased as a corollary of the government's determination to combat violent crime. “Blind jealousy is a frequent corollary of passionate love“. The huge increases in unemployment were the corollary of expenditure cuts.
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

3. plummet

v. a. to fall or drop straight down at high speed b. to decrease rapidly in value or amount

Examples: The damaged aircraft plummeted down to A climber was killed when he plummeted 300 feet down an icy gully. Hardware sales plummeted.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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4. coax

Word Study

v. to persuade (someone) gradually or by flattery to do something or to obtain something from
Example:
The trainees were coaxed into doing hard, boring work. Try to coax him out of resigning. She coax her son to take his medicine

He could coax tears and laughter from his audience.
He gently coaxed life back into my frozen toes.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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5. abate

Word Study
derivatives n. abatement abatable unabatedly

v. (of something perceived as hostile, threatening, or negative) to become less intense or widespread ? Examples: The ache in my head abated.

The demand has considerably abated.
The heat has abated.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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6. couch

Word Study

v. to express (something) in language of a specified style n. a long upholstered piece of furniture for several people to sit on Example:
Many false claims are couched in scientific jargon. He couched his request in very polite terms. He’s turned into a real couch potato since he subscribed to the sports channel.
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study
antonym

7. discontented
adj. dissatisfied, especially with one's circumstances Examples: I am so discontented with my work. He's discontented with his wage. a discontented housewife a discontented sigh
Contented: happy and at ease
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

8. dishearten
v. to cause (someone) to lose determination or confidence Examples:
The feeble applause disheartened us. He's easily disheartened by difficulties. hearten: make more cheerful or confident He was heartened by the good test results. This is the most heartening news of all.
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

9. equivalent
n. a person or thing that is equal to or corresponds with another in value, amount, function, meaning, etc. a. equal in value, amount, function, meaning, or having the same or a similar effect as

Examples: the modern equivalent of the village inn a word which has no direct equivalent in English This qualification is the equivalent of a degree. These first computers were equivalent in power to a modern calculator.
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10. ethos
n.

Word Study

the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its attitudes and aspirations Examples:
They were as far removed from the ethos of terrorism as you could imagine. The path he saw himself taking in his research seemed directly opposed to the ethos of the department.
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

11. solace
n. comfort or consolation in a time of great

distress or sadness v. to give solace to

Examples:
His acting career took a nosedive and he turned to drink for solace.

Her daughter was a great solace to her in her bereavement.
She was distracted with grief and refused to be solaced.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

n. a. a part of a published serial b. a sum of money due as one of several equal c. the process of installing something; installation
Examples: a magazine serial in six installments We paid for the TV set in installments of 100 dollars a month for five months. our installment in our new home the installment of electric lights in a house
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12. installment

payments for something, spread over an agreed period of time

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study

13. inveterate
adj. having a particular habit, activity, or interest
that is long-established and unlikely to change

an inveterate gambler
an inveterate disease

积习难改的赌徒
宿疾, 老毛病

an inveterate prejudice 根深蒂固的偏见

an inveterate habit
an inveterate smoker

积习
烟瘾很大的人

inveterate hatred for the enemy 对敌人的刻骨仇恨
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study
Synonym

14. invincible
a. too powerful to be defeated or overcome Examples: an invincible army invincible opposition invincible difficulties

unbeatable unconquerable invulnerable

That football team was once reputed to be
invincible.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

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Word Study
Synonym

15. supplant
v. to move into the position of
Replace

Examples Trams in London have been supplanted by buses. He was supplanted out of the house by his wife. He was hanged for plotting to supplant the king.

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The end of Word Study.

Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

II.
List:

Phrases and Expressions

1. commit to memory

2. bring to life
3. pay lip service

4. take the measure of

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

II.

Phrases and Expressions

1. commit to memory
remember Examples: Please commit these terms to memory. Try to commit the number to memory.
Commit to: You don't have to commit to anything over the phone. (promise) She had not committed anything to paper about it. (write) The boy was committed to the care of his aunt. (care)
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

II.

Phrases and Expressions

2. bring to life a. regain or cause to regain consciousness or return as if from death: b. cause or seem to be alive or real; make or become active, lively, or interesting: Examples:
All this was of great interest to her, as if she were brought to life after a long sleep. You can bring any room to life with these coordinating cushions.
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

II.

Phrases and Expressions

3. pay lip service to express approval of or support for (something) without taking any significant action Examples: He only pays lip service to our program. He paid lip service to religion just because it was good for business.

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

III. Word Building
List:

1. Prefix—sub
2. Root—pel 3. Suffix—sion

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

III. Word Building
prefix

subculture
subcontinent subtitle subordinate subsequent subject subjugate submarine submit subscribe suboffice
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sub-: below, under, following after, 次大陆 小标题 次要的 随后的 受…支配 征服 潜艇 服从 签署,订阅 分公司
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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

III. Word Building
root

pel-drive

compel

propel repel dispel impel compel expel

推动
抵制,使厌恶 驱散 敦促

强迫
驱逐

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Unit15—A Letter to American Jews

III. Word Building
suffix

compulsion

-sion: noun ending
厌恶,反感 推进 结论 暗指 包括 排除 错觉

repulsion propulsion conclusion allusion inclusion exclusion illusion

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The end of Word Building.