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高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法


高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法

语法填空题—能力要求
1、阅读/理解语篇的能力; 2、分析句子结构的能力; 3、熟练运用语法的能力。

命题揭密

根据此表,我们知道,语法填空的考点或 考查内容是: 冠词、介词、代词和连词 (1)纯空格题:通常考 等 四类词。一个空格只能填 一 个单词 动词 、 (2)用括号中所给词填空:通常考 _____ 形容词和副词的比较级、最高级 、 _____________________________ 词类转换 ________________ 等。一个空格可以 填 一,二或三个单词
My car __________________(repair) is being repaired now.

考点分析

语法填空要求根据上下文填入动词(verb)、名词 (noun)、代词(pronoun)、冠词(article)、介词 (prep.)、情态动词(modal verbs)、连词(conj)或引 导词、形容词(adj.)和副词(adv.)等词或其适当形式

Discuss the following sentences with your partners, and try to find out some similarities of the words we use.

? 无提示词 考点一:冠词 ? 名词之前

考点分析

1. Once there were a goat and a donkey…. So the the farmer killed [40]__________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. 2. When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I a shy , nervous think of Donnie. He was [35]_____ perfectionist. 3. …the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to a small town some 20 kilometers away.
考查语法点: 定冠词、不定冠词的用法

考点分析

[解题技巧] 下列情况很可能填 不定冠词 : (1)________+可数名词(单数); (2)________+形容词+可数名词(单数)。

下列情况下很可能填 定冠词 : (1)________ (+定语)+名词+ of等介词短语(表示特 指 ); (2)________ (+定语)+名词+定语从句(表示特指); (3)________ (+定语)+名词+不定式短语或分词短 语(表示特指)。

an amazing singer, a music video 1 He’s ___ director, and he …… 2 __ a university/European/unique building/useful book 3 This is ____ the law of American—of all successful people.
4

an _____

hour honest boy 8-year-old boy X-ray photo/umbrella/American

考点分析

考点二: ? 无提示词:注意搭配问题 ?与名词连用构成介宾短语担任表语、 介词 状语,补语等 ?与不及物动词构成动词短语接宾语
of 1. In short, I believe that it is [39]________ great use to keep a dairy in English… 2. When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back [34]_________the girl, who was giving me at the most optimistic smile I had ever seen. on sale. 3. She found some good quality pipes_________ from/afterdoing this for a whole 4. He was very tired _______________ day… 考查语法点: 介词的基本用法及惯用搭配

考点分析

? 无提示词 考点三: 代词 ? 作主语用主格,作宾语用宾格,注意形容
词性和名词性物主代词的区别。
? 指示代词(that和this,these和those),不 定代词,it,反身代词等的用法

it 1. She remembered how difficult _________ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. 2. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in my village, I wanted to reward the old her . woman for the trouble I had caused _____ 3. It has been said before, but experiencing it myself has me want to say it again: a smile… made _____
考查语法点: 代词的基本用法

考点分析

[解题技巧] 因句子的主语或宾语主要由名词、代词、动名 词等充当,而名词、动名词通常会放在有提示词 的空格中考查,所以纯空格所填词在句子中作主 语或宾语时,通常填代词,包括人称代词、指示 代词、不定代词、名词性物主代词、疑问代词、 反身代词(不能作主语)等。在名词前作定语就只 能用形容词性物主代词了。

考点分析

考点四:并列连 词或从属连词

? 无提示词 ?两个主谓结构连接

1. Historically, it was famous for industry, which explains 16 why the area is called the Black Country. (2014广
州一模)

2. It got its name during the industrial revolution, 17when factory pollution turned the local sky black and local dust from the mines made the soil the same color. where some 3√. Jane paused in front of a counter ______ attractive ties were on display. that he would 4. One day, he came up with an idea _____ pluck up all of his crop a few inches
考查语法点: 各类复合句中从属连词的用法

考点分析

[解题技巧] (1)连接两个功能对等的单词或短语时,应填并 列连词and, or, but,so,for,either…or…等。 (2)若两个句子(有两个主谓结构)之间,没有句 号或分号,也没有并列连词,那空格处必定是填 从属连词,否则,句子结构就不完整。 根据两句之间的意义和逻辑关系,或者根据句 式结构,确定是并列句(多要求考生填and, but, or so,for,either…or…等)还是某种主从复合句。 然后根据各类从句的特点,结合连接词的意义和 用法,确定填具体的某个连词。

考点分析

考点五:谓 语动词

? 有提示词 ? 与主语构成主谓结构

told 1. I was certain she would like it because I was _______ (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food.
kept (keep) him from 2. His fear of failure ________ classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon. 3. Being too anxious to help an event develop often ________ results (result) in the contrary to our intention. 考查语法点: 谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致

考点分析

考点六:非谓 ? 有提示词 ? 常考查doing/done/to do的用法 语动词
1. We must also consider the reaction of the person receiving (receive) the gift. [32]__________ 2. . …I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left to complete (complete) the rest! ____________ included(include), adored 3. My pupils, Donnie [40]__________ her. 4. Before the waitress could even finish describing the menu, my friend looked at me with his eyebrows(眉 毛) raised (raise). 考查语法点: 非谓语动词doing/done/to do等的使用

To complete 5.…… ____________(complete) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 6. The young student did all that he could to pass (pass) the examinations. ______ 7. Some people say the oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are to succeed very likely _____________(success.)
注意 :作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一 般用to do形式。

8.He is the last to leave ( leave ) school. 9.She is the only person to get ( get ) the job. 注意 :名词前有 first, second,…last, only 修饰时,后面要用to do 做后置定语。

考点分析

有提示词 考点七: ? ? 介词、冠词、所有格后接名词,形容词修饰 词性转换 名词、副词修饰形容词副词、动词或整个句 子 rudely (rude). 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]__________ suggestion 2. As far as I am concerned, my [37] ____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. 3. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in natural (nature) course. their _______ 4. ____________ Undoubtedly (doubt), although there is still room for this policy to improve, I think it is still a good one which does more good than harm to the students and the nation. 考查语法点: 各类词词性的正确使用及转化

考点分析

考点八: 形容词的 级

worst 1. One of the [33]__________ (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher…

? 有提示词 ?通常,有表示范围的in /of介词短语或 形容词前有the时,一般要用最高级; than的前面一定要用比较级

2. … We were both laughing the whole time at our complete inability to communicate in words. When it was time to leave, I said “thank you” in Korean, using some of the few words I had learned. I less lonely (lonely) than I had expected that felt __________ night. 3. Lucille Clifton is an award-winning poet and writer. greatest (great) writers Critics call her one of the _________ of our time.(双语报)

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

一 般 有 提 示 词

词性

动词 名词

冠词
介词 连词 代词

形容词
副词

无 提 示 词

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形 冠词 代词 连词

定冠词,不定冠词 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词,指示 代词,反身代词,疑问代词、 并列句及复合句
介词的常用用法及词组搭配

介词 谓语动词
非谓语

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致
非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形 词汇, 构词法

词性变化

总结提升

解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

?学习建议:
?
? ?

1、掌握单词、词组 2、懂得分析句子结构 3、多听、多说、多读、多写,增强语感

Practice makes perfect!

Homework
?

?

Review what we have learned today. Finish the following exercise.

meeting I crossed the street to avoid 1 (meet) him, but he saw me and came running towards me. It was no use pretending 2 (pretend) that I had not seen him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy meeting 3 (meet) Nigel Dykes. He never has anything 4 to do (do). No matter how busy you are, he always insists on coming 5 (come) with you.

Thank you for attention!


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