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简单句并列句和复合句

简单句并列句和复合句
知识点 一 简单句

1.概念以及句型特点 (1)概念:简单句就是句子中只包含一个主谓结构的句子。 (2)句型特点:主语+谓语

2.简单句的分类 (1)主谓型(S+Vi) 在这类简单句中,充当谓语的动词为不及物动词。如:

(2)主系表型(S+V+P) 句中的谓语由连系动词加上表语构成。此类简单句主要反映事物的性质、特征或状态。 如:

(3)主谓宾型(S+Vt+O) 此类简单句中,句子的谓语动词为及物动词,其后接名词、代词或相当于名词的词、短 语或句子作宾语。如:
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(4)主谓双宾型(S+Vt+O+O) 此类简单句中,谓语是可以带双宾语的及物动词,如 give, pass, lend, make, show, buy, teach 等。间接宾语一般是人,直接宾语一般是物。间接宾语通常位于直接宾语之前。如: ①He gav e me a_pen.
S Vt O O

他给我了一支钢笔。 ②My father mad e me a kite.
S Vt O O

我父亲给我做了一只风筝。

(5)主谓宾补型(S+Vt+O+C) 此类简单句中,作谓语的如果是 make, keep, want, hear, listen to, look at, watch, notice, feel, let, have, see, tell, ask, find 等及物动词,其后常接形容词、副词或动词不定式、分词作 宾语补足语。如: He made us stand here. ?动词不定式? ① S Vt O C 他让我们站在这儿。 She let the boy in. ?副词? ② S Vt O C 她让这个男孩进去。 The present makes me happy. ?形容词? ③ S Vt O C 这件礼物使我很高兴。 He kept me waiting for two hours. ?现在分词? ④ S Vt O C 他让我等了两个小时。 知识点 二 并列句

1.概念以及句型特点 (1)概念:并列句是由两个或两个以上的简单句连接而成的。并列句中的各简单句意义同等重要, 相互之间不是从属关系,而是平行并列的关系。它们之间用连词连接。 (2)句型特点:简单句+并列连词+简单句 2.以常用连接词为线索剖析并列句 常用的连接词有以 and, or, but, so 为代表的四大类。 (1)以 and 为代表的表示意义延伸的并列连词 此类并列连词包括 and(和;同), not only... but(also)... (不但……而且……), and then(那么)等。如: ①He helps me and he also helps others. 他帮助我,也帮助别人。 ②She not only gave us a lot of advice, but also helped us to overcome difficulties. 她不仅给我们很多建议,而且还帮助我们克服了困难。 (2)以 or 为代表的表示选择概念的并列连词 此类并列连词包括 or(或者;否则), either... or... (或者……或者……), otherwise(否则)等。如: ①Hurry up, or we'll be late. 快点,否则我们要迟到了。 ②Either you come to my home or I get to yours. 要么你到我家,要么我到你家。

(4)以 so 为代表的表示因果关系的并列连词 此类并列连词包括 so(因此;所以), for(因为)。如: ①Mike didn't come to school, for he was ill. 迈克没有来上学,因为他病了。 ②He works hard, so he is a top student of class. 因为他学习努力,所以是班上最优秀的学生。
知识点 三 复合句

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1.概念以及句型特点 (1)概念:复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。 (2)句型特点: 主句+从句或从句+逗号+主句 主句和从句都有完整的主谓结构,但主句是全句的主干,从句只是主句的一个成分,从句不能独立存 在。 2.分类: 从句在句子中作什么句子成分就叫什么从句,如作宾语的叫宾语从句,作状语的叫状语从句,作定语 的叫定语从句等。 分 类 考点浓缩 引导词、语序、时态、否定前移、if 和 whether 的区别、与复合不定 宾语从句 式短句的互相转换 时间状语从句、条件状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果 状语从句 状语从句、让步状语从句、比较状语从句 定语从句 定义、先行词、关系词
His job is important What he does is important. This is his job. This is what he does every day. I don’t like his job. I don’t like what he does every day. I don’t know about the man, Mr. White. I don’t know about the fact that he is a teacher. I met him in the street yesterday. I met him in the street when he was doing shopping. This is a red flower. This is a flower which/that is red. His story is interesting. What he said is interesting. I heard his story. I heard what he said. I listen to his story. I listen to what he said. This is his story. This is what he said. The idea that we go there is good. Practice time:指出下列各名词性从句的种类
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1 At lunchtime, the radio weatherman reported that the mist would become a thick fog in the afternoon. 2. She wondered if the buses would still be running. 3. The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. 4. She sensed that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark coat. 5. When we will start is not clear. 6. I had no idea that you were her friend.

判断下列各句哪句含有从句,并指出是什么从句: 1. China is no longer what it used to be. 2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station. 4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 7. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 10. I wonder why she refused my invitation. 11 The boy who is standing there is Tom. 12 I will tell him it when he comes back.

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