2018 年中考考前最后一卷【江苏南京 A 卷】
are you doing?
—I am checking my e-mail.
C. Where .
10. If you can’t go to the party, you should turn down his invitation （考试时间：90 分钟 试卷满分：90 分） A. widely B. politely C. lately
1. 本试卷共 10 页。全卷满分 90 分。考试时间为 90 分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全 部答在答题卡上，答在本试卷上无效。 2. 请认真核对监考教师在答题卡上所粘贴条形码的姓名、考试证号是否与本人相符合，再将自己的姓 名、考试证号用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡及本试卷上。 3. 答选择题必须用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，请用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂 其他答案。答非选择题必须用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置，在其他位置答题一律无效。
11. —You look tired. What happened? —I A. don’t have a good rest since I got the task. B. didn’t have C. haven’t had he felt a bit lonely. C. and D. but D. won’t have
12. Tony didn’t know anyone in Beijing, A. or 13. The river A. grows B. so after the rain. B. moves
选择题（共 40分） 一、单项填空（共15小题；每小题 1分，满分 15分）
从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. A. In 2. There A. is 3. As long as you treat others A. by B. on our joy, our class came first in this year’s school football match. B. At C. To D. For
14. —Can I learn English well if I work hard on it from now on? —Sure. . B. Nothing is impossible to a willing heart D. Two heads are better than one
A. One tree doesn’t make a forest C. It’s not work that kills, but worry
a great concert in the theater next Saturday evening. B. will have C. is going to be D. was
15. —May I play computer games after finishing my homework? — A. I hope not . B. Sure, you can’t C. Of course D. Yes, I’d love to
kindness, they’re sure to be friendly to you. C. for D. with of direction. D. position
二、完形填空（共10小题；每小题 1分，满分 10分）
阅读下面短文，从短文所给各题的四个选项（ A、B、C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
4. I don’t think Mike will get lost in the forest because he has a good A. day 5. A. Wait B. sense C. time
There was a man who had four sons. He hoped that his sons could learn not to judge things too for me at the bus station across from the post office. I can find you easily. B. To wait C. Waiting the rain came. C. when must have taken it away. B. Anybody C. Everybody at the moment. C. myself
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he gave each of his four sons a question in turn, asking them to go to see a pear tree The first son 18
6. We were playing basketball on the playground A. as soon as 7. I can’t find my handbag. A. Somebody B. although
in the winter, the second in the spring, the third in the summer, and the youngest in the
autumn. When all of them returned home, he called them together to 19 what they had seen.
The first son said the tree was
and stark（荒凉的）. 21 . 22 sweet and looked
8. I must say I am really enjoying A. yourself B. himself
The second son said the tree was covered with green buds（芽）and was full of D. herself The third son disagreed, saying that it was full of blossoms. He said they
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beautiful. The 23 son disagreed with all of them, saying that the tree was hung with fruits and full of life. 24 of them only saw the tree during one 25 .
Restaurant Hours: Monday—Friday: 3 pm to 10 pm Saturday—Sunday: 12 am to 10 pm 26. At this restaurant, you can have A. roasted ducks B. crawfish . C. hamburgers D. noodles 此
The man told his four sons that they were all correct, because
season. He told his sons that they could not judge a tree or a person only by one
If you give up during the coldness of winter, you will miss the hope of spring, the beauty of summer and the harvest of autumn in your life. 16. A. slowly 17. A. for 18. A. set out 19. A. tell 20. A. ugly 21. A. difference 22. A. seemed 23. A. first 24. A. every 25. A. year B. quickly B. as B. set up B. understand B. beautiful B. hope B. felt B. last B. both B. month C. seriously C. on C. thought out C. describe C. delicious C. experience C. smelled C. short C. each C. century D. hardly D. during D. gave up D. create D. clear
27. What do we know about Seadrift according to the poster? A. It is located in the northern US.
B. There used to have a large population there. C. It is where Yo’Daddy used to live.
D. People there hate seafood. 28. If you plan to have dinner at the restaurant, you should go there at . 装
D. medicine A. 10 am on Monday D. tasted D. foolish D. one D. season C. 1 pm on Sunday B Have you ever counted the number of digits in your mobile phone number? Your number has 11 digits. You may sometimes find it hard to remember your number. That’s because China has the longest mobile phone numbers in the world. Why is that? The 11 digits can be divided into three parts. Each part has a different meaning. The first three digits tell you D. 1 pm on Wednesday B. 2 pm on Thursday
阅读下列材料，从每题所给四个选项（ A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The Boiling Crab Story It all began in a little southeast Texas town called Seadrift. With a small population of just 200, Seadrift was home to Yo’Daddy and his family of crabbers（捕蟹人）and fishermen. They worked in their boats year-round, catching oysters（牡蛎） , crabs and shrimp for seafood companies. Hard as the work was,
which mobile phone service provider you are using. For example, 135 is for China Mobile Communications Corporation and 188 is for China Unicom. The fourth to the seventh digits tell you which region the number is registered（注册）in. And the last four digits are random（随机的）. The main reason for using 11 digits is that we have the largest population in the world. We once had 10 digits. But as our population grew, there were not enough numbers for us to use. So we began to use 11 digits starting from 1999.
every weekend the men would come home with their catch of the 11 digits can be used to make tens of billions of mobile phone numbers, according to the Xinhua News week to enjoy — they boiled crawfish （小龙虾） and crabs, raw oysters, grilled fresh fish — always with a beer in hand.
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Agency. That’s enough for each person to have seven or eight phone numbers to use in China. Besides China, Britain and Japan also use 11-digit mobile phone numbers. But their numbers always start
英语试题 第 4 页（共 12 页）
with 0. So they cannot create as many numbers as us. Countries like US, Australia and India use phone numbers with 10 digits. Canada’s mobile phone numbers are perhaps the world’s shortest: they use seven digits. 29. We can know from the first three digits of a phone number in China. B. the mobile phone service provider D. where we live ＂.
A. It can carry 160 passengers at most. C. It costs less than half of a Boeing 737.
B. It can only fly a distance of 4,075 km. D. It costs more than half of an Airbus A320.
34. Which picture shows COMACs aim to take the narrow-body aircraft market by 2035?
A. where the mobile phone is made C. the mobile phone price
30. The meaning of the underlined word ＂region＂ in the passage is ＂ A. store B. company C. place
A. D. job 31. What is the best title for this passage? A. Different phones C. Basic lifestyle C On May 5, 2017, China’s home-made passenger aircraft （飞机） C919 completed its 90-minute first flight and landed safely back at Pudong Airport in Shanghai. C919 is developed by COMAC, a Chinese aircraft company. It is designed to compete with Boeing 737 and Airbus A320. The first C919 aircraft can carry 168 passengers and is able to fly a distance between 4,075 and 5, 555 kilometers. It’s reported that a C919 costs around 50 million dollars, less than half of a Boeing 737 or an Airbus A320. Up to now, more than 570 aircrafts have been ordered from 23 customers, mostly Chinese, but also American and Thai companies or airlines. COMAC aims to take one fifth of the world’s narrow-body aircraft market and one third of the Chinese market by 2035. The name C919 has its special meanings. The letter C stands for both ＂COMAC＂and ＂China＂. The number 9 is pronounced as jiu in Chinese, which means ＂forever＂. And the number 19 refers to its capacity(容 量) of 190 passengers. The large passenger aircraft is praised as ＂the flower of modern industry＂. It is a symbol of the nation’s industrial and technological standards as well as the comprehensive(综合的) power. In order to realize the century dream of flying in the sky and the strategy(战略) of the nation, COMAC bears the nation’s dream and people’s trust. China considers it as a national pride. 32. C919 is produced by ________. A. Boeing C. Airbus B. a Thai aircraft company D. a Chinese aircraft company B. Longest phone digits D. The most excellent company C. 35. The news report is written mainly to ________. A. introduce the design of C919 C. explain ＂the flower of modern industry＂ D
B. describe the first flight of C919 D. show China’s achievements in aircraft industry
German Chancellor(总理) Angela Merkel may look like an ordinary woman. She dresses commonly and doesn’t show many feelings. But don’t let appearance fool you. As the first woman chancellor in Germany’s history, Merkel has topped Forbes magazine’s list of ＂The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women＂ six times. She has even been compared to Margaret Thatcher and many people call her ＂Iron Lady＂. Merkel was born in Hamburg, West Germany, on July 17, 1954. As a small child, she quickly learned to speak but it took longer for her to walk. ＂I was a stupid person when it came to moving,＂ Merkel said. ＂A normal person could do something naturally, but I had to think about it in my mind and practice.＂As a teenager, she was the top student in high school. In 1973, Merkel went to the University of Leipzig, where she studied Physics. At 32, she got her doctor’s degree in Physics. She stepped into politics(政坛) in 1989. In her first big political job as Minister for the Environment in 1994, her scientific background and strong will proved very useful. In 2005 she became Germany’s Chancellor. Through her political career, Merkel’s persistence(坚持) and patience helped her a lot. ＂She’s bright and open-minded,＂ said Hubert Markl, a German biologist. ＂She is the person who wants to know exactly what is going on, and how never giving up will influence our society and future. ＂ 36. The first two paragraphs tell us that Angela Merkel _________.
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33. Which of the following is TRUE about the first C919 aircraft?
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A. is not different from an ordinary woman C. is the richest woman in the world 37. When she was a small child, Merkel _________. A. didn’t like to walk C. was not good at learning to walk 38. According to the story, Merkel _________. A. didn’t study well when she was in high school C. worked for the government at the age of 35 39. What does Hubert Markl think of Merkel? A. She cares only about politics. C. She doesn’t like to listen to others. 40. What does the story mainly talk about? A. How to be a powerful woman. C. Differences between two great women.
B. is the first woman Chancellor in Germany D. learns everything from Margaret Thatcher
C）根据对话内容，从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空，使对话内容完整正确，并将答案填写 在答题卡标号为 51—55 的相应位置上。 played beach volleyball noisy had a great time wore pocket
B. was slow in learning to speak D. thought she was as clever as other kids
A: Hi, Alison, how was your weekend? B: I 51 . I went to the Manly Beach with Nick. 此
A: Oh, it was great! What did you do there? B. studied politics in the University of Leipzig D. did a job in the scientific field in 1994 B: We 52 in the afternoon. What about you?
A: I went to see the Mash Boys with Helen. 卷 B: The Mash Boys, good! Never!
B. She isn’t fit for the position. D. She is a person with strong will.
A: No, not really! It was very hot and B: Oh, bad luck. A: I 54
a sweater. Someone put chocolate on it. 装
B. The story of Angela Merkel. D. An introduction to German politics.
B: Oh, no! A: And I bought a Mash Boys cassette. B: Can I hear it? A: No. Because it dropped out of my B: That’s terrible. 55 !
非选择题（共50分） 四、填空（共 15小题，每小题1分，满分15分）
A）根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词，使句子意思完整正确，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 41—45 的相应位置上。 41. The room was so dark, I had to feel my way ____________（沿着）the wall to the door. 42. —You speak English quite well. —Thanks. The _____________（每日的）report helps improve my spoken English. 43. Millie said she loved Nanjing and almost everything about China _____________（除了）the air pollution. 44. For them, the house’s main ____________（价值）lies in its quiet country location. 45. M y brother is a big fan of Messi. A huge picture of Messi is _____________（悬挂）in his bedroom. B）根据句子意思，用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 46—50 的相应 位置上。 46. I’m amazed you managed to move those heavy boxes all by _____________ (you). 47. The books on great people were organized on those __________ (shelf) according to their names. You can find your book easily. 48. We discussed the problem three times but we didn’t get much ___________(far) in solving it. 49. She promised to do all she can______________(help) me but she failed to do that. 50. All the tourists were deeply ____________(impress) by the great beauty of the view from the top of mountain.
英语试题 第 7 页（共 12 页）
案填写在答题卡标号为 56—65的相应位置上。 注意：每个空格只填 1个单词。
Family VS Friends It is Saturday afternoon. You and your friends are planning to go to the movies and then have a dinner together. Just as you start to get ready, your dad reminds you that it is your aunt’s birthday and the whole family is going out to dinner to celebrate. How can this end without a quarrel? The tension (紧张关系) between teenagers and their families mainly comes from how to balance what they want with family hopes. You once spent most of your free time with your parents. When you want to spend more and more time with your friends, your parents’ feelings may get hurt. They might feel that they are losing control of you during the period. You might feel angry that so many family requirements are placed on you. Here are a few things you can try to make it a little easier to ease(缓解) the tension between you and your family. ＊Tell your plan to your parents first and ask your parents whether there is anything else planned at that time.
英语试题 第 8 页（共 12 页）
＊When your buddy activities come with a family event, try to find out if there is any way you can do both. You can spend a little time with each group. You can go to the family even and ask to be with your friends next time. You can also invite your friends to the family event. ＊Suggest something you would really like to do with your family. When your parents know you want to spend time with them, they will feel better. Sometimes the results cannot always make both satisfied. However, the tension can be eases if you consider the feelings of your family as well as those of yourself and your friends. Family VS Friends Topic The tension between teenagers and their family and ways to ease it. You are planning to see a film and have dinner together with your A scene your family are going out to dinner to ◇ Teenagers try to achieve a Where it is from The causes may feel hurt because you now want to spend more time with your friends. They might think you are out of control. ◇ Your parents 60 you so much that you may feel angry. 62 anything family hopes. ◇ You used to 59 your spare time with your parents. Your parents 58 57 your aunt’s birthday. 56 while
23-carat edible(可食用的) gold! It is made by a creative team at Bloomsburys, a café t 70
British dining. Ms. Shafeena Ysuf Ali, the CEO of Bloomsburys’ came up with the idea about a month ago as a way to c 71 opening of the restaurant in Dubai. She said at first they wanted to make the cupcake w 72 Considering diamonds couldn’t be eaten, they finally d 73 to make it of edible gold. the
The materials that were used to make the cupcake were such as Doves organic flour (有机面粉), Rachel’s finest butter and Italy’s cocoa (可可粉). Last but not least, it was the best q eat. To s 75 66. e her masterpiece (杰作), Ms. Ali placed it on a 24-carat gold plate. ▲ 67. w ▲ 68. m ▲ 69. i ▲ 70. t ▲ 74 gold that is completely safe to
between what they want and their
在近几年习主席的讲话中，＂实干＂是一个始终不变的主题，他的话语激发了我们不断奋进的壮志豪 情。在初中即将毕业之际，你从习主席的教导中学到了什么？请你根据下面的提示，写一篇毕业留言互相 激励。 提示： （1）What do you think teenagers need to do for our country? （2）How do teenagers achieve their goals? （3）What are your best wishes? 要求：1. 文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称； 2. 词数 80 左右，开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Our country has walked into new times. We teenagers _
◇ Tell your parents your plan first and ask them whether they have already else. 61 ease it we can
◇ Try to find out a way you can do both when you and your family have different activities at the same time. ◇ Suggest 63 what you really want with your family. Your parents will feel better
____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
when they know you want to spend time with them. The tension can be eased by Conclusion family and your friends are not 65 with the results. 64 the feelings of both though sometimes both your
B） 根据短文内容及首字母提示， 填写所缺单词， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 66—75 的相应位置上。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________ With cupcake stores opening all over the world, it’s e 66 about the world’s most expensive cupcake which is w 67 for you to buy one. But have you ever heard ____________________________________________________________________________ 1,010 dollars? 68 of the world’s best materials and
英语试题 第 10 页（共 12 页）
Called ＂The Golden Phoenix＂, it is an unusual cupcake. It is m
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………………○………………外………………○………………装………………○………………订………… ……○………………线………………○……………… 此 卷 不 只 密 装 封 订
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