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Unit 1

Never Say Goodbye

Text comprehension I. Decide which of the following best states the author’s purpose of writing. C II. Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. 1—5 T T T F F III. Answer the following questions 1. What made the author’s grandpa cry sadly? The mere thought of his son’s death in that terrible war in Italy made him cry. 2. How long had Grandpa’s son been in the war? Three months. 3. What is the implication of the author’s grandpa’s words ―Never say goodbye‖? They mean ―Never give in to sadness‖. 4. What did Grandpa ask the author to do even if he and his friends had to part? He asked him to always remember the joy and happiness of the times when he first said hello to his friends. 5. What caused the author to return to the old house? His grandpa was gravely ill. 6. Why do you think the author’s grandpa smiled at him during his last moments? His grandpa must have felt greatly relieved when he realized that the author had finally found out the essence of his words. IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences. 1. Our big old house had seen the joys and sorrows of four generations of our family. 2. I planted these roses a long time ago – before your mother was born. 3. Many young men left home to fight against fascists. 4. Take the first friendly greeting and always keep it deep in your heart. Page 6—9 Vocabulary I. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1. When I was ten I suddenly found myself faced with the anguish of moving from the only home. 2. …they all share the same characteristic: sadness. 3. …in that place in your heart where summer is an everlasting season. 4. Don’t ever let yourself overcome by the sadness and the loneliness of that word. 5. Take that special hello and keep it in your mind and don’t ever forget it. II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. 1. instead 2. Confronted with 3. lock away 4. welled up 5. summon 6. brief 7. stared 8.whispering 9. evil 10. give in III. Choose a word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1—4 D B B B 5 – 8 ADBC IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note
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the difference in meaning between them. 1. shudder & shake a. shaking b. shuddered c. shaking d. shuddered 2. answer & reply a. answer b. reply c. reply d. answered 3. common & general a. general b. general c. general; common d. common 4. small & tiny a. small b. tiny c. tiny d. small V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in thesense it is used. 1. anguish: pain, grief, sorrow, agony 2. softly: loudly, harshly, roughly 3. sadness: sorrow, grief, dismay 4. conspicuously: inconspicuously, unnoticeably 5. tiny: small, little 6. part: meet, gather 7. gravely: seriously, severely, hopelessly 8. brief: lengthy, long VI. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in brackets. 1. industrial 2. description 3. suspicion 4. assistant 5. unemployed 6. proof 7. examination 8. Farther Page 10—12 Grammar I. Complete the following sentences using the simple past, past progressive or past perfect. 1. were bathing; were looking; were playing 2. was sitting; was reading 3. was leaving; was; arrived; learned; had left; found; had used 4. were playing; heard; hid; took 5. was cycling; stepped; was going; managed; didn’t hit 6. gave; thanked; said; had enjoyed; knew; had not read; were 7. had played; reached; entered 8. was running; struck II. Complete the following passage with the proper form of the verbs given. left; spent; had been travelling; appeared; was; were crossing; could; arrived; was sleeping; stopped; came; were getting; was; had not arrived; would be III. Correct the errors, where found, in the following sentences. 1. talked → was talking 2. √ 3. had remembered → remembered 4. was working → had been working 5. had resigned → resigned
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6. 7. 8. IV. 1. 6. V. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

√ √ √ Fill in each blank with the proper form of the verb in brackets. take 2. to play 3. lifted 4. barking 5. played to say 7. beaten 8.bite; slither 9. drop 10. lying Rewrite the following sentences according to the example. Poor as/though he was, he was honest. Terrible as/though the storm, we continued our journey. Hard as/though he tried, he was unable to make much progress. Tired as/though I was, I went on working. Much as I would like to help you, I’m afraid I’m simply too busy at the moment. Much as I admired him as a writer, I do not like him as a man. Strong as/though he was, Tom couldn’t lift it. Bravely as/though they fought, they had no chance of winning.

Page 13 Translation I. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. 我十岁那年,突然要搬家,从我唯一知道的家搬走,心中痛苦万分. 2. 我们似乎有许多不同的方式说再见,但它们都有一个共同之处, 那就是令人感到悲 哀. 3. 有一天,一场可怕的战争爆发了,我的儿子,就像许许多多的儿子, 离乡背井与极大的 邪恶战斗去了. 4. 我在自己的心灵深处搜寻那些构成我们友谊的特殊感情. II. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and phrases given in brackets. 1. He has prepared answers to the questions that he expects to confront during the interview. 2. His sad story touched us so deeply that we nearly cried. 3. The two of them are walking hand in hand along the riverbank, chatting and laughing. 4. When he heard the exciting news, tears of joy welled up in his eyes. 5. People from Shanghai can understand Suzhou dialect with ease, for Shanghai dialect and Suzhou dialect have much in common. 6. Henry and his wife are looking into the possibility of buying a new house within three years. 7. He finally gave in to his daughter’s repeated requests to further her education abroad. 8. We locked all our valuables away before we went on holiday. 9. Although we have parted from each other, I hope that we’ll remain good friends and that we will care for and help each other just as we did in the past. 10. At that critical moment, the army commander summoned all the officers to work out new strategies and tactics which would make it possible to conquer the enemy. Integrated skills I. Dictation Throughout history / the basic unit of almost every human society / has been the family. / Members of the family live together / under the same roof. / They share the economic burdens of
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life / as well as its joys. / The family head usually has considerable influence / in arranging marriages, / selecting careers / and determining all important moves and purchases / by any member of the family. / Particularly in conditions / where society or the state / does not give aid / and the responsibilities of the family are greater, / this large group / provides better protection / in times of economic or other emergency. II. 1. 2. 3. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. later 4. puzzled 7. hosts 10. however push 5. custom 8. visitor what 6. because 9. table

Writing Sentence Fragments Rewrite the following sentence fragments to make complete sentence. 1. Because we want to do something perfectly. (A dependent-word fragment) ---a. We want to do something perfectly. ---b. Sometimes we tend to put off what we can do today till tomorrow simply because we want to do something perfectly. 2. For example, a strict control over the access to the secret data. (An added-detail fragment) ---a. For example, a strict control over the access to the secret data shouldn’t be absent. ---b. For example, there should be a strict control over the access to the secret data. 3. Being born and bred in a city. (An -ing fragment) ---a. I was born and bred in a city. ---b. Being born and bred in a city, I am interested in everything in the countryside. 4. Those who can see opportunity and are prepared to take advantage of it. (A dependent-word fragment) ---a. Those people can see opportunity and are prepared to take advantage of it. ---b. Lucky people are those who can see opportunity and are prepared to take advantage of it. 5. The dog ran around the yard. To find the ball. (A to fragment) ---The dog ran around the yard to find the ball. 6. Many unique animals live in Australia. Such as the kangaroo and the koala. (An added-detail fragment) ---Many unique animals live in Australia, such as the kangaroo and the koala. 7. ―If only‖ is a great excuse. Especially if it’s something totally out of your control. (An added-detail fragment) ---―If only‖ is a great excuse, especially if it’s something totally out of your control. 8. You feel rewarded for your hard work. And get spiritual or sometimes material satisfaction. (A missing-subject fragment) ---You feel rewarded for your hard work and get spiritual or sometimes material satisfaction. 9. The bird flew through the air. Swooping and diving. (An -ing fragment) --- The bird flew through the air, swooping and diving. 10. The moon hung in the sky. Like a brilliant silver disk. (An added-detail fragment) --- The moon hung in the sky, like a brilliant silver disk.

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Listening Gifts and Cultures People in all countries enjoy gifts. Sometimes the meanings are different in other cultures. A. Pre-listening activity. What kinds of gifts do you give when … 1. you go to a friend’s wedding? Money. 2. you visit a friend or stay with a family in another country? Food from your country. 3. you celebrate a friend’s birthday? A cake. 4. you go to a business meeting? A calendar. 5. you want to give something to someone you love? Roses. B. Listen to the narrator. What gifts do people give on the following occasions? And why? 1. An Australian girl is celebrating her 21st birthday. Gift: a key-shaped birthday cake Why? It means the girl is an adult and can come home at any time. 2. An African couple is getting married. Gift: a cow Why? It can bring good luck to the newly-weds. 3. Korean boy is going to take his university entrance tests in a week. Gift: sticky rice candy Why? It expresses the hope that the students will ―stick to‖ the university. C. Listen to the conversations, which item is not a good gift? Cross it out. And then explain why it is not a good gift. 1. China A. a handkerchief B. a big dinner Why not? Key: A. A handkerchief means goodbye. 2. Argentina A. a tie B. a flower vase Why not? Key: A. A tie is too personal. 3. Switzerland A. candy B. roses Why not? Key: B. Roses mean love and romance. 4. Italy A. an even number of flowers B. an odd number of flowers Why not? Key: A. Even numbers are unlucky. 5. Japan A. a pen and pencil set B. a set of four pens Why not? Key: B. ―Four‖ sounds like the word for ―death‖ in Japanese. Transcript Gifts and Cultures Narrator: In many countries, people give special gifts at certain times. Sometimes the customs seem unusual. For example, in Australia, a birthday cake for a 21-year-old is often shaped like a
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key. It means the person is an adult and can come home at any time. In parts of Africa, people give a cow as a wedding present, because they believe that a cow can bring good luck to the newly-weds. Before Korean students take university entrance tests, their friends give them sticky rice candy for luck. The friends hope that the students will pass the test and "stick to" the university. The following short conversations will tell you about different customs in China, Argentina, Switzerland, Italy and Japan. Number 1: China Woman: Did I tell you I'm going to China? Man: China? Great. Woman: Yes. I'm going to Shanghai on business. I have to buy some gifts. Man: Good idea. What are you going to take? Woman: I was thinking of bringing some handkerchiefs. They're colorful, beautiful? also lightweight. I don't want to carry anything heavy. Man: Ah, I don't think you should give handkerchiefs. They aren't a good gift in Chinese culture. Woman: Why not? Man: A handkerchief is a symbol of saying goodbye. Woman: Saying goodbye? Man: Yeah, like when you're going away ... and people are crying, so they need a handkerchief. Actually, I've heard that one of the best things to give is a dinner -- not a present, but a big dinner. It's good for business. Number 2: Argentina Woman: This is interesting. Did you know that in Argentina you should never give clothing unless you know the person really well? Man: Don't give clothing? Why not? Woman: Clothing -- even things like ties -- are too personal. Only good friends give them. Man: Huh? I never thought of a tie as being personal ... just uncomfortable. What should you bring? Woman: I don't know. Maybe something for the house. Number 3: Switzerland Man: We're meeting Mr. Mertz and his wife for dinner. Maybe I should take flowers or something ... Yeah, I'll pick up some red roses. Woman: You'd better not give them roses. In Switzerland, they could be a symbol of love and romance. Man: Oh, I didn't know that. Woman: I think candy or chocolate might be better. Number 4: Italy Woman: I'd like some flowers. Uh ... those. About ten, I guess. Man: Ma'am, I don't think you should give ten flowers. In Italy, even numbers -- 2, 4, 6, and so on -- are bad luck. Woman: Even numbers are bad luck? OK, I'll take nine flowers then. Number 5: Japan Woman: May I help you? Man: I'm going to stay with a family in Japan. I need to get something for them.
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Woman: Pen sets are always a good gift. Man: Oh, that's a good idea. Let's see ... There are sets with a pen and pencil ... and bigger sets with four pens. Woman: You said you're going to Japan? Man: Yeah. Woman: Don't give a set of four pens -- in fact, don't give four of anything. Man: Why not? Woman: The Japanese word for "four" sounds like the word for "death." It's bad luck. Man: Thanks for telling me. I'll take the pen and pencil set. Woman: Good choice. These sets make very good gifts. After all, pens write in any language! Man: Uh ... yeah. Right.

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