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黑龙江省哈尔滨第六中学2015-2016学年高一下学期开学考试英语试题 Word版含答案

哈尔滨市第六中学 2018 届高一下学期开学测试 英语试题
满分 120 分 考试时间 90 分钟 基础知识考查(每小题 0.5 分,共 20 分) 1. Tired from his work, the father seemed to be in no ______ to look at my school report. A. mood B. attitude C. feeling D. mind

2. Do you have any ______ of what life would be like if we lived on other planets? A. plan B. idea C. impression D. imagination

3. The wild flowers look like a soft orange blanket ______ the desert. A. covering B. covered C. covers D. to cover

4. — Are you still using your old car? — No, I sold ___ the other day. A. it B. one C. that one D. the one

5. —Haven’t you got through the article? —Not yet. There are so many new words in it that I get ____. A. instructed B. charged C. affected D. stuck

6. -Hi, Tracy, you look tired. -I am tired. I _____ A. painted 7. A. Unless the living room all day. C. have been painting D. have painted

B. had painted

you’ve tried it on, you can’t imagine how pleasant the new style dress is. B. Because C. Although D. When

8. Victor apologized for ______ to inform me of the change in the plan. A. his being not able B. him not to be able C. his not being able D. him to be not able

9. His mother had thought it would be good for his character to ______ from home and earn some money on his own. A. run away B. take away C. keep away D. get away

10. It was not a serious illness, and she soon ______ it . A. got over B. got on with C. got around D. got out of

11. After the week-long journey, the couple returned home, ______.

A. exhausting

B. exhausted

C. being exhausted

D. having exhausted

12. He hurried to the railway station only ____the train had left an hour ago, so he had to _____ home. A. finding; walk B. finding; walking C. to find; walk D. to find; walking

13. Not until I was questioned by the teacher _____ how much time I had wasted. A. didn’t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized

14. He is easy to be homesick so I’m afraid whether he can ____three weeks away from his family. A. leave B. last C. waste D. afford

15. In the area, the farmers are very poor because they have to pay a ____rent _____ their farming land. A. less; than B. small ;for C. high; for D. much; of

16. These wild flowers are so special that I would do ____ I can to save them. A. as many as B. that C. as much as D. whichever

17. He ____ a good idea at the meeting. A. came up with B. came up C. came out D. catch up with

18. My chest _____ when I made a deep breath. A. hurt B. wounded C. injured D. harmed

19. —What do you think is the best way to cure this kind of disease? —We’d better ______ Chinese traditional medicine with Western medicine. A. relate B. unite C. connect D. combine

20. The restaurant has ______ a notice at the gate saying it needs more waiting staff. A. put out B. put up C. put away D. put forward

21. The match will be held in two groups: the _______ group and the amateur one. A. special B. professional C. normal D. regular

22.—Mummy, can I put the peach in the cupboard? —No, dear. They don’t ______ well. Put them in the fridge instead. A. keep B. fit C. get D. last

23. He is determined to try his ________in America after leaving school. A. money B. fortune C. opportunity D. wealth

24. Shall we _____ our discussion and have some tea or coffee, please? A. break off B. break down C. break into D. break out

25. Your voice is perfect for the song; we can’t find a ____ one. A. worst B. worse C. best D. better

26. We should try our best to complete the project, _____ the cost. A. no matter whatever B. however C. whatever D. whichever

27. Following the success of our discussion on Monday, we believe such meetings will become a _____ event. A. normal B. common C. regular D. general

28. Fred is very _____, —-if he says he’ll do something, he’ll do it. A. talented B. strict C. doubtful D. critical

29. Was it nine o’clock last night _____ he came back home from work? A. that B. which C. while D. when

30. My train arrives in Shanghai at 10 this morning. The plane I would like to take from there ____by then A. is leaving 31. — B. will have left C. has left D. will leave

you got to know where I was yesterday?

—Through a student. A .Where was it that 32. I think John will A. turn B. When was it that C. How was it that D. Was it how that

a good monitor, so I’d like to vote for him. C. elect D. make

B. change

33. I have just been in Australia for a week and I am trying to ______ the new climate here. A. agree with B. fit in C. adjust to D. rely on

34. Seeing the happy ______ of the children playing there, I’ll full of joy and hope for the future of our country. A. scene 35. A. For B. sign C. sense D. view

that my head had cleared, my brain was also beginning to work much better. B. Now C. Since the phone rang. C. so D. after D. Despite

36. I was about to leave my house A. while B. when

37. Mary is said to be the first one ____ to her unit this morning. A. to come B. coming C. come D. came

38. It was at the school _______ was named after a hero ______ he spent his childhood. A. which; that B. where; where C. that; where D. which; where

39. When Corden heard the good news, he ____out of bed, forgetting all about his pain in the arm. A. leapt B. ran C . stood D. drew

40. They _____ each other the moment they met when attending the speech contest last year. A. became addictive to B. fell in love with C. were connected with D. got in touch with

阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给出的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A A man, who sometimes takes my bus, is in rags. His life seems different from that of the others. He looks exhausted and carries nothing. He appears along a downtown street, seemingly out of nowhere. We sometimes want to know where he sleeps at night. A few weeks ago he boarded the bus. A few stops later, a young woman boarded. She swiped (刷) her bus-card, only to find the machine would not accept it. The driver told her to pay the $2.25 fare. “I just bought this card,” she said. “I paid the money...” The driver said she could take the card back to the sales office and explain the problem. In the meantime she would have to pay the fare for that day. The woman became confused and distressed. The rest of us just watched, wondering how the problem would be solved. Suddenly the man rose from his seat, dropped a few coins into the fare box. “You’re lucky,” the bus driver said quietly. “He paid for you.” Silence fell over the bus. The rest of us had watched the woman’s discomfort, but he felt it. We lawyers, journalists and business people headed downtown to help fix the world. He fixed her world. I haven’t seen him since that day. Some people believe angels occasionally drop down and move among us. All I know is that I have a new respect for the simple act of kindness. It speeds us along on our way. 41. According to the first paragraph, the author _______.

A. thinks highly of the man C. knows the man very well

B. often gives the man some help D. considers the man strange

42. What does the underlined word “distressed” probably mean? A. exited B. generous C. bored D. anxious

43. What did the writer learn from the man? A. to show concern for other people. C. to share what he has with us. B. to lead a happy life like the man. D. to believe that people are born kind. B How the Grand Canyon ( 大峡谷 ) was created remains one of the geology’s greatest mysteries. Some evidence suggests that the process was a gradual one in which the Colorado River (which runs through the canyon) slowly cut deeper and deeper into the ground over millions of years. But volcanic rock samples taken from the canyon now suggest that the canyon was down-cut instead. Down-cutting is when a flood of water rushes over a landscape (地形) with enough force to cut deeply into the ground and leaves behind a canyon. Such a flood is usually released when a natural or man-made dam (堤坝) bursts. Robert Webb, a research geologist, says natural dams seem to have formed and broken across the Colorado River several times during the last million years. The dams were built when lava(熔 岩) from the eruptions of nearby volcanoes flowed into the river. The lava hardened into hard rocks and blocked the river, causing it to back up and form a lake. Each time the lake grew so huge that it broke the rock dam, releasing a flash flood that furthered the down-cutting process and deepened the canyon. Down-cutting is not just an earthly event. Satellite photos sent back from Mars suggest that the process has happened there, too, say many other researchers. The photos, taken by the Mars Global Surveyor, indicate that an enormous lake existed on Mars 3.5 billion years ago. The lake spilled into a large nearby hole. One edge of the hole broke, releasing a flash flood that quickly carved out a grand canyon. The existence of down-cutting on Mars is just one more piece of evidence that the cold, dry planet was once warm and wet. 44. In the past, deep canyons were believed to have formed _______.

A. as a result of a sudden break of volcanoes C. owing to the burst of artificial dams

B. due to river flows over millions of years D. thanks to our ancestors’ creative work

45. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TURE? A. Several volcanoes broke out on Mars directly creating grand canyons. B. Several great lakes existed on the upper parts of the Colorado River. C. People built high dams on the upper parts of the Colorado River. D. The Colorado River crossed the Grand Canyon to form down-cutting. 46. From the last three paragraphs we learn that _______. A. there are great lakes on Mars C. there might be cities on Mars 47. The passage can be titled as _______. A. Lakes on Earth and Mars C. The Force of Dam Breaking B. The Cause of Lake Formation D. Canyons—Results of Flood Cutting B. there are active volcanoes on Mars D. there might be life on Mars

C Teen Climbing Camp 2010 This 5-day climbing camp is suitable for teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 who have an interest in rock climbing. The climbing days are designed for beginners and those who have some basic experience in a gym or outdoors. Participants will find themselves challenged physically and mentally. Rock Dimensions camps are designed to be a positive and memorable experience by providing healthy communication between participants, individual goal setting, and challenges that lead to personal growth. Dates Monday, June 29-Friday, July 3 Monday, July 27-Friday, July 31 Locations Climbing Tower at Footsloggers Linville Gorge and Table Rock area Local climbing areas near Boone

Responsibilities Participants will meet Rock Dimensions guides at our location each morning and at the end of each day. Rock Dimensions will provide all climbing items, including a safety rope, a helmet and climbing shoes for each participant. Participants are responsible for bringing their own lunch, water, small backpack, appropriate clothing, and personal items like sun cream, etc. Pre-camp planning Participants will receive the following information in their registration(注册) packet Medical Form, Responsibility Agreement, Clothing/Equipment List, and Directions. Cost $575/person for the 5-day camp $325/person for the first 3 days Anyone interested in participating in just the last two days of the camp should call to discuss pricing and necessary skills/experience. 48. According to the text, Rock Dimensions camps will _______. A. probably impress participants deeply C. help the participants set their life goals B. provide a few competitions D. check the records of personal growth

49. What of the following do participants need to bring with them? A. A safety rope. B. A helmet. C. Climbing shoes. D. Appropriate clothing.

50. If Paul wants to participate in the climbing camp from July 27 to July 29 and his brother from July 27 to July 31, it will cost them _______. A. 575 dollars B. 650 dollars C. 900 dollars D. 1,150 dollars

51. What can we infer from the text? A. Some experience is required of the participants. B. It’ll be hard for teens to experience the climbing. C. Parents are required to stay with their children. D. Guides will talk about the prices with parents. D Something that makes sense is happening in Washington, D.C! Public school kids surrounded by museums and monuments are putting the ready-made learning tools to use — and actually learning.

A trip to see painter Jacob Lawrence’s Migration Series is one of almost 200 trips that Wheelock will organize this year through the nonprofit group Live It Learn It. “For many kids, school is disconnected,” says one of four full-time workers and tour leaders. “With the program, they see how what they are learning is connected to their communities.” Seven years ago, Wheelock changed a job as a lawyer for one as a four-grade teacher. When he learned that D.C.’s public schools ranked behind those of other cities in many ways, he knew he had to do something different. He took his class to Capitol Hill for a lesson on the three branches of government — and saw his students’ interest develop quickly. With seed money from a local couple, Wheelock developed detailed lesson plans for trips to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Lincoln Memorial. The group also has classes for trips to the Anacostia River, boat rides to historical forts. Word spread, and now fourth, fifth, sixth graders from the neediest public schools in the District participate. “I’m not brave enough to take my class to a museum for over an hour!” says teacher Cathy McCoy, gesturing toward her students. “But look With Live It Learn It, what the kids learn today they’ll remember for a lifetime.” 52. Matthew Wheelock once had an occupation as a _______. A. teacher B. printer C. leader D. lawyer

53. According to the first two paragraphs, public school kids in Washington D.C. _______. A. like to have school disconnected B. are warmly welcomed by museums and monuments C. are making the resources at hand available D. are learning by going to different communities 54. Matthew Wheelock started the new change for the reason that _______. A. he saw his students’ interest develop quickly B. more graders from the neediest public schools wanted to participate C. D.C.’s public schools ranked behind in many ways D. a local couple sponsored him a sum of seed money 55. What will the lessons be like with Live It Learn It in Cathy McCoy’s opinion? A. Eye-catching. B. Challenging. C. Forgettable. D. Impressive.

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多 余选项。 Warren Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death in 1923. 56 One was a successful international conference (会议).

After World War One, Britain, Japan and the United States expanded their navies (海军). They built bigger and bigger ships. Many members of the United States Congress worried about the cost. 58 57 They asked President Harding to organize a conference to discuss these issues.

President Harding invited representatives from the major naval powers of the time

Britain, Japan, France and Italy. He also invited representatives from countries with interests in Asia and Europe China, Portugal, Belgium and the Netherlands. He did not invite the new Soviet leaders in Russia. Mr Harding’s Secretary of State, Charles Evans Hughes, spoke. 59 He proposed that

the world’s strongest nations should stop building warships for ten years. He also proposed that Britain, Japan, and the United States should destroy some ships to make their navies smaller immediately. 60 It involved the misuse of underground oil owned by the federal government. Warren

Harding was an honest man. But he did not have a strong mind of his own. He was easily influenced. And he often accepted bad advice. He explained the problem with these words, “I listen to one side, and they seem right. Then I listen to the other side, and they seem just as right. I know that somewhere there is a man who knows the truth. But I do not know where to find him.” A. He is remembered mostly for two events. B. The conference was not a complete success. C. They also worried about increased political tension (紧张) in Asia. D. The conference was held in Washington in November, 1921. E. President Harding appointed several men of great ability to his cabinet (内阁). F. He offered the conference a detailed plan to reduce the size of the world’s major navies. G. The second thing for which President Harding is remembered is the Teapot Dome scandal (丑闻). 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 30 分) There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degrees of health and

wealth and the other comforts of life, one becomes happy,

61

becomes unhappy. This

62

from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, and events, and the resulting effects upon their minds. The people who are to be happy 63 their attention to the conveniences of things, the

pleasant parts of conversation, the well-prepared dishes, the goodness of the wines, and the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the 64 things. They are, 65 , continually unsatisfied. By their words, they complain 66 themselves disagreeable (不受欢

about the pleasure of society, offend many people, and

迎的) everywhere. If this turn of mind were founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be more to be pitied. The intention of criticizing and being disliked is perhaps taken up imitation (模仿). It grows into a habit, unknown but it may be cured when those who have it are 68 69 67 by

its possessors. The habit may be strong, its bad effects on their interests and tastes. 70 them change this habit. 71 in life, since it

I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and

Although in fact it is chiefly an act of imagination, it has serious

causes deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others, nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most 72 politeness and respect. This 74 73 puts them

in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at obtaining

advantages in 75

social position or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone start a step

speak a word to favor their hopes. If they cause themselves public objections (反对), no one will 76 or excuse them, and many 77 join to criticize their wrongdoings. These people should 78 worrying needlessly about

change this bad habit and be pleased with what is pleasing, themselves and others. If they do not, 79

will be good for others to avoid any contact with 80 when one

them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, becomes mixed up in their quarrels. 61.A. other 62.A. comes 63.A. draw 64.A. same 65.A. however 66.A. let B. another B. rises B. focus B. contrary B. furthermore B. force C. the other C. raises C. attract C. happy C. otherwise C. make

D. one another D. becomes D. pay D. funny D. therefore D. have

67.A. originally 68.A. as 69.A. convinced for 70.A. agree 71.A. consequences 72.A. usual 73.A. hardly 74.A. any 75.A. and 76.A. defend 77.A. shall 78.A. with 79.A. one 80.A. specially

B. finally B. to B. convincing for B. enjoy B. reasons B. common B. luckily B. other B. but B. offend B. must B. without B. they B. only

C. normally C. for C. convinced of C. praise C. causes C. average C. seriously C. few C. so C. intend C. can C. but for C. it C. mainly 第 II 卷

D. gradually D. at D. convincing of D. help D. phenomena D. normal D. frequently D. no D. or D. attend D. will D. in case of D. that D. especially

第一节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 Some students who had graduated visited their university professor. The conversation soon turned into complaints about stress in work and life. To offer his guests coffee, the professor (go) to the kitchen and returned with a pot of coffee and 82 81

variety of cups—porcelain, 83 to the coffee.

plastic, glass, some plain-looking, some expensive—telling them to help 84

was when all the students had a cup of coffee in hand that he said, “All the 85 (leave) behind the plain and cheap ones. 86 all of you really want is coffee, not

nice-looking expensive cups have been taken up,

Actually, the cup itself adds no quality to the coffee. the cup. You consciously went for the best cups, 87

then you began eyeing others’ cups.”

“Now consider this Life is the coffee; the jobs, money and position in society are the cups, 88 are just tools to hold and contain life. The type of cup we have does not change the 89 the cups, we fail to enjoy the coffee. I 90

quality of life . If we concentrate only

(true) hope that you will never let the cups drive you ... enjoy the coffee instead.” 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 l.5 分.满分 15 分)

It is five years now since I graduate from No. 3 High School. Last Saturday, the class that I was on held a get-together, which took us a long time prepare. It was indeed not easy to get in the touch with everybody and set a well time for all of us. We all enjoyed this precious day greatly, remember the time we spent together and the people they were familiar with. It was a pity which some of us were not present as they had gone to abroad for further study, but they called back or sent greeting card from different places.

2018 届高一下学期开学测试英语试题参考答案(120 分;90 分钟) 单项选择(0.5X40) 1-5 ABAAD 6-10 CACDA 11-15 BCBDC 16-20 CAADB 21-25 BABAD 26-30 CCBDB 31-35 CDCAB 36-40 BAAAB 阅读理解(2X20) A 篇 41.D 42.D43.A 七选五 56-60 ACDFG 完型填空(1.5X20) 61.CADBD CABC D 71.ABDAD ADBCD 语法填空(1.5X10) 81.went 88.which 89.on 90.truly 82.a 83.themselves 84.It 85.leaving 86.What 87.and B 篇 44-47 B B D D C 篇 48-51 ADCB D 篇 52-55 DCCD

短文改错 (1.5X10) 1.graduate-graduated 2.on-in 3.prepare-to prepare 4. 去掉 the 5.well-good 6.remember-remembering 7.they-we 8.which-that 9.to 去掉 10.card-cards