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课时提升作业(二十五) 必修5 Module 1

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必修 5 Ⅰ. 阅读理解 How You Can Learn a Language in Only10Days Most people recognize the many benefits of learning a foreign language: You can travel to foreign countries and feel comfortable, be a more productive and attractive employee in today’s competitive job market, and immerse(沉浸)yourself in the vast cultures around the world. In addition, scientific studies have shown that learning a new language helps to keep memories sharp and naturally improves brain function. But do you know that you can learn a new language in as little as 10 days? The Pimsleur Approach to learning new languages helps users pick up new languages quickly. Even the FBI and National Security Agency have purchased the Pimsleur Approach. The Pimsleur Language Programs The entire Pimsleur Approach is what language learning should be: quick, fun and easy. You will learn a new language effortlessly without any reading, writing or computer use. The Pimsleur Approach has a 100% guarantee: speak in 10 days or you don’t pay. Who is Dr. Pimsleur?

Module 1

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Dr. Pimsleur is a language educator. He noticed that children have an amazing ability to learn new languages quickly. He spent his life developing this course to let you, as an adult, learn a new language as easily as a child would. You might not realize it, but you have already learned one language using the Pimsleur Approach. Limited availability of special offers The company is currently offering new customers a special offer of 50% discount on tuition fees. The programs which normally cost $100 are now available for just $50. Better yet, they are also offering a money-back guarantee. So, if you find you are not learning as fast as they said, simply return it for a full payment. For more information, please click here. 【文章大意】 文章向我们介绍了一种 10 天快速学好一门外语的课程: the Pimsleur Approach。并介绍了这样一种课程的价格以及保证学会, 不满意退款的原则。 1. If you cannot speak a foreign language in ten days with the approach, you can .

A. ask your money back B. learn it again for free C. change your teacher D. ask Dr. Pimsleur for help 【解析】 选 A。 细节理解题。 根据倒数第二段中的 Better yet, they are also offering a money-back guarantee. 可知如果学不会的话, 可以把钱要回来。故选 A 项。 2. We can know from the passage that Dr. Pimsleur A. is the owner of the Pimsleur Language Programs B. is a language educator who studies children’s languages


圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

C. once worked for the FBI and National Security Agency D. developed a course helping adults learn a new language easily 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据第四段中的 He noticed that children have an amazing ability to learn new languages quickly. He spent his life developing this course to let you, as an adult, learn a new language as easily as a child would. 可知 Dr. Pimsleur 开发了一门让成年人可以像孩子一样轻松学外语的课程。故 D 项正 确。 3. Where can we most probably find the passage? A. From an educational magazine. B. On the Internet. C. On a poster. D. From the latest newspaper. 【解析】选 B。推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“click”可推知这篇文章应该是在 网上。 4. The author writes the passage to .

A. introduce an effective language-learning environment B. present a language educator’s experiences C. appeal to potential customers to use the approach D. call on more adults to learn foreign languages 【解析】选 C。主旨大意题。根据短文可知文章向我们介绍了一种快速学习外语 的课程, 并呼吁大家积极报名参加这门课程, 学习这种高效的方法。故选 C 项。


圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

Ⅱ. 完形填空 A certain man planted a rose and watered it faithfully and before it blossomed, he examined it. He saw the bud(花蕾)that would soon 1 , but noticed

thorns(刺)upon the stem and he thought, “How can any beautiful flower come from a plant 2 so many thorns? ”Being sad by this thought, he 4 to bloom, it died. 6 there is a rose. The excellent 8 , many of us 3

to water the rose, and just before it was

5 it is with many people. Within every

7 planted in us at birth grow through the thorns of our faults. look at ourselves and We become 11 9 only the thorns—the 10 . , thinking that nothing 12

can possibly come from us. We

forget to water the good within us, and advantages.

13 it dies. We never realize our 14

Some people do not see the rose within themselves; show it to them. One of the greatest gifts a person can


, someone else must

16 is to be able to reach

past the thorns of other people and find the rose within them. This is one of the 17 of love: to look at a person, know his faults, recognize 19 his faults. If we show

the 18 in his soul, and help him realize that he can him the“rose”within himself, he will conquer the be“blossom”many times over.

20 thorns. Only then will they

【文章大意】 世界上没有完美的人, 也不会有一帆风顺的人生。 就像玫瑰花一样, 美丽绽放的花朵下也会有累累荆棘。 想要让自己的心灵之花绽放, 就要战胜缺点

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

和挫折。 1. A. die C. grow B. bloom D. appear

【解析】 选 B。 词汇复现题。 根据第一段可知, 这株玫瑰的花蕾马上就要绽放了。 2. A. burdened with C. met with B. provided with D. combined with

【解析】选 A。短语辨析题。这个男子认为, 美丽的花朵怎么能从一株荆棘累累 的躯干中长出来呢? burden with. . . 负重/负荷着……; provide. . . with. . . 给…… 提供……; meet with. . . 会见; combine. . . with. . . 使……和……相结合。根据句 意可知答案选 A。 3. A. forgot C. liked B. used D. began

【解析】选 A。前后照应题。联系上下文可知, 男子很伤心, 所以在玫瑰盛开之 前“忘了”浇水, 故选 A。 4. A. late C. ready B. pleased D. glad

【解析】 选 C。 固定搭配题。 男子忘了给玫瑰浇水, 玫瑰在“即将”开花之前死了。 ready 准备好的, 即将……的, 符合句意, 为正确答案。 5. A. So C. Very B. Also D. Seldom

【解析】选 A。固定搭配题。So it is with. . . 固定句式, ……的情况也是如此。 6. A. garden B. park C. shop

D. soul

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。根据句意可知, 这种事也经常发生在人们的身上。 在每个人的心灵中都有着一株玫瑰。soul 心灵, 灵魂, 故选 D。 7. A. quantities B. qualities C. roses D. flowers

【解析】选 B。词汇复现题。这些优秀的品质与生俱来, 在我们如刺一般的缺点 中成长。quantity 数量; quality 品质。qualities 对应后面提到的 faults。 8. A. Luckily C. Otherwise B. Besides D. Unfortunately

【解析】选 D。逻辑推理题。尽管生来就具有优秀的品质, 但是很不幸, 我们却 只看到了自己的“刺”——缺点。luckily 幸运地; besides 除此之外; otherwise 否则; unfortunately 不幸地。 9. A. see C. touch B. feel D. hear

【解析】选 A。词汇复现题。根据 look at 可知答案选 A。句意: 很不幸, 我们很 多人在审视自己的时候, 只看到了“刺”——缺点。 10. A. advantages C. disadvantages B. characters D. features

【解析】选 C。词汇复现题。根据句意, 此处的“刺”指缺点, 与前面的优秀品质 进行对比。故选 C。 11. A. objective C. desperate B. subjective D. hopeful

【解析】选 C。前后照应题。根据句意可知, 因为只看到缺点, 所以我们会变得 绝望。 objective 客观的; subjective 主观的; desperate 绝望的; hopeful 充满希望的。

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

故选 C。 12. A. necessary C. bad B. good D. common

【解析】 选 B。 前后照应题。 变得绝望了, 自然会觉得我们自身根本没有任何“优 点”(nothing good)能显示出来。故选 B。 13. A. eventually C. frequently B. generally D. rarely

【解析】 选 A。 逻辑推理题。 我们忽视了给内心的优点灌溉, 最终它彻底消失了。 eventually 最终; generally 一般地; frequently 频繁地, 经常地; rarely 很少地。 故选 A。 14. A. obvious C. similar B. potential D. familiar

【解析】选 B。词义辨析题。我们从未意识到自己潜在的优势。obvious 明显的; potential 潜在的, 有潜力的; similar 相似的; familiar 熟悉的。 15. A. as a result C. on the contrary B. as a result of D. by the way

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。很多人没有看到自己内心的玫瑰, “所以”其他人应 该帮助他们看到那朵玫瑰。as a result 因此, 所以; as a result of 由于, 因为; on the contrary 相反; by the way 顺便说一下。 16. A. show B. teach C. give D. possess

【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。人最伟大的天赋之一就是, 他能够穿越他人的荆棘, 寻找到他们内心的玫瑰。 show 显示; teach 教授, 教导; give 给出; possess 拥有, 具

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

有。故选 D。 17. A. characteristics C. appearances B. habits D. principles

【解析】选 A。词义辨析题。这是爱的特性之一。characteristic 特性, 特征; habit 习惯; appearance 外表, 外观, 出现; principle 原则。 18. A. function C. power B. structure D. nobility

【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。审视一个人时, 在看到缺点的同时, 也应该认识到 他心灵中高贵的品质。function 功能; structure 结构; power 能量; nobility 高贵的 品质。 19. A. hide C. use B. overcome D. desert

【解析】选 B。固定搭配题。了解一个人的缺点, 意识到他心灵中的高尚, 帮助 他了解到他能够“克服”自身的缺点。overcome 克服; desert 遗弃, 放弃。故选 B。 20. A. pretty C. sharp B. weak D. strong

【解析】选 C。词义辨析题。如果我们把他内心的“玫瑰”展现到他的面前, 他就 一定会战胜锋利的刺。pretty 美丽的; weak 弱的; sharp 锋利的, 尖锐的; strong 强 壮的。 Ⅲ. 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly,

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

we must understand the language when we hear

1 spoken. Secondly, we must be 2 ,

able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation.

we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success a great help, but it is not enough only 3 language learning. 5 4 good memory is

(memorize)rules from a grammar book. It

is no much use learning by heart long lists of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn 6 using the language. 7 we are satisfied

with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8 (advise)for those 9 are studying a 10 (write)the

new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and language whenever we can. 【文章大意】本文主要介绍了如何学好一门外语。 1. 【解析】it。考查代词。代替上文的 language, 应用 it。

2. 【解析】Thirdly。考查副词。由上文的 Firstly, Secondly 及下文的 fourthly 可 知, 此处是第三条, 应用 Thirdly。 3. 【解析】in。考查介词。和 success 连用的介词应用 in。 4. 【解析】A。考查冠词。memory 意为“记忆”, 常用单数形式, 此处泛指“一个 好的记忆”, 故用不定冠词 a。 5. 【解析】to memorize。考查不定式。句中 it 是形式主语, 真正的主语是不定 式 to memorize。 6. 【解析】by。考查介词。by doing sth. 通过做某事, 作方式状语。

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

7. 【解析】If。考查连词。句意: 如果我们只满足于我们记住的几个规则, 我们 就不是真正在学语言。if 引导条件状语从句。 8. 【解析】advice。考查名词。介词(of)后面应跟名词。 9. 【解析】who。考查关系代词。who 引导定语从句, 修饰 those 并在从句中作 主语。 10. 【解析】writing。考查动名词。writing 和 speaking 是并列成分, 作 practise 的宾语。 【语篇随练】多练一点 根据阅读理解回答问题 1. List three benefits of learning a foreign language. ①_________________________________________________________________ ②_________________________________________________________________ ③_________________________________________________________________ 2. Do you like to attend this course? Why? (no more than 30 words) _________________________________________________________________ 答案: 1. to keep memories sharp/to improve brain function naturally/to travel to foreign countries and feel comfortable/to be a more productive and attractive employee in today’s competitive job market/to immerse yourself in the vast cultures around the world(任选三种) 2. Yes, I do. It can help me learn a language using a quick, fun and easy way. Besides, if I can’t, I can get my money back. 技高一筹

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