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[名校联盟]吉林省延边二中2011届高三上学期午后训练英语试题(10)


2010— 吉林省延边二中 2010—2011 学年度第一学期高三年级午后训练 英语试卷(Book3
出题人: 出题人:郑春艳 Unit3-Unit4) Unit3-Unit4)

审题人: 2010-11审题人:徐丹 2010-11-29

听力理解( 24; 小题; 第一部分 听力理解(百朗 24;共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 英语知识运用(共两节, 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 单项填空( 小题; 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. I don’t clearly remember who _____ the question whether it is good for children _______ by their grandparents but I clearly remember it ______ a heated discussion. A. brought up; to be brought up; brought about B. raised; to be raised; brought out C. brought in; to be brought up; brought up D. brought up; to be raised; brought up 22. The author of the novel designed the plots of the story so badly that some of the plots are often ______ each other. A. contrary with B. to the contrary C. contrary to D. on the contrary to 23. It was all my ______ that my son h ad made such a silly but serious _______. A. fault; error B. mistake; fault C. shortcoming; mistake D. fault; mistake 24. ---Would you mind if I turned off the light? ---____________. A. Yes, go ahead B. No, please don’t C. Go ahead, please D. Certainly, do as you please 25. Not believing their eyes, the visitors on the spot_______ the flying plane, doing some most difficult and dangerous tricks in the sky. A. glared at B. stared at C. glanced at D. caught sight of 26. The guard at the entrance didn’t ______ me in though I had begged him many times. A. agree B. permit C. allow D. make 27. His lack of professional knowledge _______for the failure of the experiment. A. accounted B. explained C. counted D. contributed 28. Though great progress has been made in astronomy in the past fifty years, ______ still much that remains mysterious to astronomers _______ the universe, even the solar system. A. It is; of B. there is; about C. It is; with D. there is; with 29. Many environmentalists think that carbon dioxide is _______ for the global warming, which affects billions and billions of species across the globe. A. blamed B. to be blamed C. to blame D. blaming 30. The parents have devoted themselves to bringing up their children and now it is time for the children, ______, to show their devotion to their parents. A. in their turn B. in their return C. in return D. in their turns 31. It is never harmful _____ you to be polite and gentle to others and ______, as is often the case, you can get what you want. A. to; thus B. for; thus C. of; therefore D. with; however 32. It is predicted that a comet will probably hit the earth in about 10 years and scientists all over the world are thinking about possible ways to ____it from happening. Which of the following is not OK?

A. protect B. stop C. keep D. prevent 33. ---How often do you go to the cinema? ---________, but usually twice a month. A. It all depends B. Have no idea C. As usual D. Not at all 34. Why not seize it _______ you’ve got such a good chance? A. that B. now that C. where D. which 35. The naughty boy ________ to me that the hen ________ there just now had _______ two eggs the day before. A. laid; laid; laid B. laid; lay; lain C. lied; laid; lain D. lied; lying; laid 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 完形填空( 小题; While attending a conference, I returned to my hotel room late one rainy evening.The overhead light outside my door was 36 and I had difficulty finding the keyhole.When I to open the door, I 38 around the wall for a light switch.I found a 39 finally 37 where a switch was once installed… but no switch. No discouraged easily, I remembered seeing a 40 by the bed when I put away my luggage 41 in the day. found the bed in the dark and felt around until I found the lamp, but I when I switched it on, 42 happened! Now what? Though I knew that it was dark outside my window 43 the outdoor light was burned out, I thought that 44 if I opened the curtains I might be able to use the light from the 45 my way slowly across the room to the curtains and… no to find another lamp.So I 46 draw-string! I finally stumbled (跌跌撞撞) around until I found a desk lamp that actually 47 ! That evening I discovered in a whole new way just how dark the world can be and how necessary 48 is. But even more necessary than 49 light is the light that shines from people — the light of love, sympathy and 50 . Because, for many people, the world is a dark and 51 place. It is the shining that is important, for someone today just may be stumbling in discouragement or fear and in 52 of some light. So let your light shine.Whatever light you 53 may be a beacon(灯塔)of hope and encouragement in someone’s darkness.And if you feel that your light is 54 a candle in a forest, remember this — there isn’t enough darkness in the world to 55 the light of one small candle. 36.A.burning B.broken C.shining D.smooth 37.A.managed B.attempted C.succeeded D.meant 38.A.touched B.turned C.felt D.looked 39.A.light B.plate C.lamp D.signal 40.A.lamp B.switch C.desk D.window 41.A.later B.earlier C.sooner D.first 42.A.something B.everything C.nothing D.anything 43.A.when B.unless C.since D.although 44.A.certainly B.surely C.absolutely D.perhaps 45.A.stars B.street C.room D.shop 46.A.forced B.struggled C.made D.pushed 47.A.worked B.failed C.did D.closed 48.A.love B.thinking C.dream D.light
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49.A.spiritual B.physical C.mental D.inner 50.A.faith B.soul C.help D.attention 51.A.mixed B.fancy C.lonely D.complicated 52.A.lack B.need C.favor D.face 53.A.devote B.receive C.offe r D.throw 54.A.only B.even C.ever D.much 55.A.give out B.leave out C.take out D.put out 阅读理解( 小题; 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节( 小题; 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning, people may send the wrong signals(信号). Or they may pay no attention to signals from another person who is trying to develop a relationship. Different cultures emphasize(强调) the importance of relationship building to a greater or lesser degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a lot of time in “small talk”, usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job. In many European countries—like the UK or France—people find it easier to build up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafes rather than at the office. Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion; instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words, but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary. Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems. Certainly, English and German cultures share similar values; Germans prefer to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly. People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better, a multicultural environment(多元文化环境) will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each other, 56. In some countries, eating together at restaurants may make it easier for people to ______. A. develop closer relations B. share the same culture C. get to know each other D. keep each other company 57. The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that_________. A. the English prefer to make long speeches B. too many words are of no use C. people from Thailan d are quiet and shy by name D. even talk and silence can be culturally different 58. According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each other better? A. By sharing different ways of life B. By accepting different habits C. By recognizing different values D. By speaking each other’s languages 59. What would be the best title for the text?

A. Multicultural Environment C. How to Understand Each Other

B. Cross-Cultural Differences D. How to Build up a Relationship

B Weather changes when the temperature and the amount of water in the atmosphere changes. We can see and feel water coming from the atmosphere when we have rain. But the water must somehow get back to the atmosphere. Meteorologists call this the water cycle. There are many stages in the water cycle. Rain falls when water vapor in clouds condenses(凝结). Drops of water form and fall to the ground. The water soaks into the ground and feeds steams and rivers. A lo t of rain falls into the sea. The heat of the sun evaporates some of the water in the ground and in the rivers, lakes, and the sea. It changes the liquid water into water vapor. The vapor rises onto the air. Water vapor is normally invisible. On a very damp or humid day, however, you can sometimes see water vapor rising from a puddle(水坑) or pond in a mist(薄 雾)above the water. Water vapor also gets into the air from living things. Trees and other plants take in water through their roots and give off water vapor from their leaves. People and land animals drink water and breathe out water vapor. In all these ways the water returns to the air. There it gathers to form clouds and condenses to form rain. The rain falls to earth, and the cycle starts again. It continues even if snow or hail(冰雹) fall instead because both eventually melt to form water. The amount of water vapor in the air depends on the temperature. The air is more moist(潮湿)in the tropics(热带) than in the cold polar regions. 60. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Water cycle B/ Water vapor C. How rain forms D. Water ,vapor, rain 61. How many ways of the water returning to the air are discussed in the text? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five 62. Whether water vapor can be seen or not de pends on _______. A. how much water is evaporated B. how good your eyes are C. in which way water is evaporated D. climate or weather 63. From the passage we get to know___________. A. there is more water vapor in the air in the tropics than in cold polar regions B. there is more water vapor in the air in cold polar region than in the tropics C. it gets more rain in the tropics than in cold polar regions because there is less vapor D. the amount of water vapor in the air depends on how often it rains C Shu Pulong ha s helped at least 1000 people bitten by snakes. “It was seeing people with snake bites that led me to this career,” he said. In 1963, after his army service, Shu entered a medical school and later became a doctor of Chinese medicine. As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains. There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives. “I was greatly upset by the story of an old farmer I met. It was a very hot afternoon. The old man was pulling grass in his fields when he felt pain in his left hand. He at once realized he had been bitten by a poisonous snake. In no time he wrapped a cloth tightly around his arm to stop the poison spreading to his heart. Rushing home he shouted ‘Bring me the knife!’ Minutes later the man lost his arm forever. ” “The sad story touch ed me so much that I decided to devote myself to helping people bitten by snakes,” Shu said. 64. The best headline for this newspaper article is _________.
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A. Astonishing Medicine B. Farmer Loses Arm C. Dangerous Bites D. Snake Doctor 65. The farmer lost his arm because __________. A. the cloth was wrapped to tightly B. he cut it off to save his life C. Shu wasn’t there to help him D. he was alone in the fields 66. Shu decided to devote himself to snake medicine because ___________. A. he wanted to save people’s arms and legs B. he had studied it at a medical school C. he had seen snakes biting people D. his army service had finished 67. Why did Shu go into the mountains? A. He wanted to study snake bites B. He wanted to help the farmers. C. He was being trained to be a doctor D. He was expected to serve in the army. D Zinc (锌) one of about 20 elements necessary for good health. It is present in the body in a is very small amount, but it makes it possible for important chemical actions to be carried out in cells. Scientists are just beginning to discover how zinc and other element work. Researchers first studied zinc as a way to speed recovery. Dr. Waltor Powys, formerly with the United States Air Force, noted that the laboratory animals recovered faster when some substances were added to their food. One of these substances was zinc. Dr. Powys later tested the zinc treatment on an American airman recovering from medical operations. The airman who received zinc sulphate(硫酸盐)recovered in one half the usual time. Other doctors studied persons who had a number of strange disorders. The doctors learned that all of these problems were caused by a lack of zinc in the body. They treated these disorders successfully by giving the patients zinc sulphate. The amount of zinc in the body can be found by examining the blood and hair. A lack of this important element is not uncommon among people in both industrial and developing countries. Zinc is found in most high protein foods, such as meat, milk, fish and eggs. It is also found in whole grains. But many people do not eat enough of these foods. Food makers should add the elements so that more people could get needed amounts of these essential substances. 68. Which of the following statements in NOT true? A. Scientists are just starting to study how zinc and other elements work. B. People only need a very small amount of zinc to maintain good health. C. Zinc is important because it allows important chemical actions to take place in cells. D. A lack of zinc is rare among people in developed countries. 69. Some health experts say food makers should add some elements ________ people won't lack these essential substance. A. therefore B. since C. for th e purpose that D. for the effect that
[来源:学科网]

70. The topic of this passage is _______. A. the role of zinc sulphate B. the relationship between zinc and people's health C. the amount of zinc that the body needs D. the food that contains zinc 小题; 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 I have a friend who lives by a three-word philosophy: Seize the moment. 71 Too many

people put off something that brings the m joy just because they haven’t thought about it, don’t have it on their schedules, didn’t know it was coming or too strict to depart from their routines. I can’t count the times I called my sister and said, “ 72 ” She would gasp and stammer(结 结巴巴地说), “I can’t. I have clothes on the line. My hair is dirty. I wish I had known it yesterday. I had a late breakfast. It looks like rain.” And my personal favorite response: “It’s just Monday.” She died a few years ago. We never had lunch together. From then on, I’ve tried to be a little more flexible. 73 The days get shorter, and the list of pro mise made to ourselves gets longer. One morning, we are awoken, and all having to show for our lives is repetition of “I’m going to”, “I plan on” and “someday, when things are settled down a bit.” When anyone calls my “seize the momen t” friend, she is open to adventure and available for trips. She keeps an open mind on new ideas. Her enthusiasm for life is contagious(传染的). 74 My lips have not touched ice cream for 10 years. I love ice cream. The other day, I stopped the car and bought a triple-decker. If my car had hit an iceberg on the way home, I would have died happily. 75 . Do something you WANT to… not something on your SHOULD DO LIST. A. So I won’t feel sorry because I have changed my attitude to life. B. Life has a way of going faster as we get older. C. She used to promise to do something instead of doi ng it right away. D. You talk with her for a while, and you’ve ready to change your attitude to life. E. Just possibly, she may be the wisest woman on this planet. F. Now go on and have a nice day. G. How about going to lunch in half an hour? 第四部分 词汇短语考查 单词拼写( 小题; 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 76. There is too much 77. With the (暴力) on TV. (发展)of economy, people’s living sta ndards are higher now. .
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78. Every night he observes the space through a t 79. The illness is s 80. One cannot 81. You will through the village. (生存)without air.

.

(逐渐地) get used to the weather here. (精疲力尽).

82. By the time they reached the top of the mountain, they were 83. There is a b ig underground railway travelers. 84. Zhang Heng was one of the most famous Chinese a 85. The mammals

(系统) in London, which is good for

in the world.

(繁殖) when the animals, harmful to them, disappeared.

86. They thought it was ___________ (难以置信)for them to walk so far in one day.

87. Henry was looked down upon by the waiters, for he was in ________. 88. More than 70% of the earth’ s ___________ is covered by water. 89. During World War II, two atomic bombs ___________ (爆炸)in Japan, killing a large number of people. 90. The ____________ (力)of gravity makes things fall to the earth. 完成句子( 小题; 第二节 完成句子(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 91. After a while I enjoy ourselves. 92.---Did you catch your plane? 93. The fans ---Yes, we got there just __________. _________ _________ _________(熟悉,掌握)it and we began to

___________(感到高兴)when they saw the famous film stars arrive.

94.就在午夜的时候这个街区发生了火灾。(强调句型) _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 95. 我刚写完作业,这时停电了。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ 短文改错( 第五部分 短文改错(满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同学写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧ ) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Dear Mrs. Smith, I appreciate your help very well. On the first day of the camp, you came up to myself while I was sitting alone. After that, you always gave me specially attention and inspired me to join in activity. As a result, I gradually got to know other campers. Because the help you gave me that summer, my .life changed. I gain so much confidence that I went back t o school as new person. My grades improved.

became active but made new friends. Yesterday, I got a letter that was said I was admitted to a college. I am proud of it. I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person.

Yours Bob

单选:21-25 ACDCB 26-30 CABCA 31-35 AAABD 完型:36-40BACBA 41-45 BCCDB 46-50CADBA 51-55CBCAD 阅读:56-59 ADCB 60-63 ABDA 64-67 DBAC 68-70 DCB 七选五:EGBDF 单词:76. violence 77development 78. telescope 79. spreading 80. exist 81. gradually 82. exhausted 83. system 84. astronomers 85. multiplied 86. unbelievable 87. rags 88. surface 89. exploded 90. force 句子:91. got the hang of 92. in time 93.cheered up 94. It was at midnight that a fire broke out in the neighborhood. 94. I had just finished my homework when the electricity went off.

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