当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

Module7unit4Grammar and usage


Unit 4 Grammar and usage Phrasal verbs

Lead-in
Look at the following sentences, compare the sentences and tell the

part of speech of each underlined
word.

1. When the teacher came in, we

were playing.

adverb

2. When the teacher came into the classroom, we were playing.

preposition

What is a phrasal verb?

A phrasal verb is made up of a verb plus an adverb or a
preposition.

verb + adverb:
e.g. If you open up any medicine cupboard in the world, there

is a high probability that you
will find aspirin.

verb + preposition: It was over a decade before
someone else turned penicillin into the great drug of the 20th

century.

Some rules we should apply when we use phrasal verbs:
1. In a phrasal verb, the adverb can go
before or after the object. e.g. Turn on the radio and you may hear

the news.
Turn the radio on and you may hear

the news.

2. A phrasal verb with an adverb does not always have an object.

1) I telephoned you several times

this evening, but I couldn’t get through.

2) The big fire didn’t go out until the
firemen came.

3. In a phrasal verb with a preposition, the object of the

preposition always comes after it.
1) As it’s urgent, we need to send for a doctor at once.

2)Don’t do it in haste. The occasion
calls for a cool head.

4. Phrasal verbs often have special
meanings, e.g. I tried to persuade him to give

up smoking, but I failed.
(stop doing sth.)

Read the form in Part 4 and make
sure that you understand the meaning of the phrasal verbs. You

can suggest more examples with
the phrasal verbs.

? try out
? give up
? wash

? set

up

? look after ? turn up

up

? talk over

5. Many phrasal verbs have more

than one meaning.
e.g. He picked up the wallet on the floor.
(捡起)

She picked up some French when
he was in France.
(不系统地学点)

Yesterday I picked up a secondhand bike.
(便宜地买到)

His radio can pick up many

English programs.

(接收到)

Complete the dialogue on page 57
using the phrasal verbs given. Answers:
looking after 1.______________ call, back 2. _______________

3. ______________ deal with
look around 4. _______________

put, off decide on 5. ______________ 6. ______________
coming up put, through 7. ______________ 8. ______________

Fill in the forms on P57
Verbs Phrasal verbs Sentences

take off
take

The bus will take

off soon.
The piano takes

take up

up too much room.

give up give give out

Mum tried to persuade Dad to give up smoking. The sun gives out light and heat.

You’d better look up the look up word in the dictionary.
look look for They were looking for the missing boy.

考点考例 1. verb + adverb (动词+副词)

[考例1] If the firms failed to make
enough money, they would _____.

A. close down
C. turn down

B. call off
D. set off

选A。句意为:如果公司不能赚到 足够多的钱,它们就会倒闭(close down)。call off取消;turn down

调低,拒绝;set off出发。

[考例2] —Do you think that housing price will

keep _____ in the years to come ?
—Sorry, I have no idea.

A. lifting up
C. bringing up

B. going up
D. growing up

句意为:“你认为未来几年的房价还

会持续上涨吗?” “抱歉,我不知
道。” go up上升, 上涨。lift up举起; bring up抚养;grow up成长。

[考例3] “Goodbye, then,” she said,

without even _____ from her book.
A. looking down B. looking up

C. looking away

D. looking on

选B。句意为:“那么,再见。”她说

甚至于没有放下书抬头看看(look up)。

look down向下看;look on观看,旁观。

2. verb + preposition(动词+介词)

[考例1] I have ____ all my papers but
I still can’t find my notes.

A. looked through
C. looked after

B. looked for
D. looked out

选A。 look through浏览,仔细查看。
look for寻找;look after照顾; look out当心,注意。

[考例2]
It’s the sort of work that _____ a high level of concentration.

A. calls for
C. lies in

B. makes up
D. stands for

选A。句意为:这是那种需要高度集 make up编造,构成,化妆,弥补;

中注意力的工作。call for要求,需要。

lie in存在,在于;stand for代表。

[考例3]
Hardly could he _____ this amount of work in such a short time.

A. get through C. get into

B. get off D. get down

选A。
get through 做完, 通过, 度过, 打通(电话)。

get off 动身,起飞,下班,下车;
get into 进入, 陷入;

get down 使沮丧,记下。

3. verb + adverb + object
(动词+副词+宾语) [考例] Would you please ___ this

form for me to see if I’ve filled it in
right?

A. take off
C. give up

B. look after
D. go over

选D。句意为:你可以给我检查一

下这个表格填得是否正确吗?
go over 仔细查看。take off 脱下,

起飞;look after照顾;give up放弃。

[考例] It was so dark in the cinema that I

could hardly ___ my friend.
A. turn out C. call out B. bring out D. pick out

选D。句意为:电影院里太黑了,

我几乎辨认不出我的朋友。
pick out挑选出,辨认出。

turn out结果是……,证明是……;
bring out取出来,使出现;

call out大声喊叫。

4. verb + adverb + preposition

(动词+副词+介词)
[考例] —Have you _____ some new ideas?

—Yeah. I’ll tell you later.
A. come about B. come into

C. come up with

D. come out with

选C。句意为:“你想出新主意 了吗?” “是的,一会儿告诉

你。”
come up with提出,想出。 come about发生;

come into进入,得到; come out with说出,发表, 公布。

语法专练 1. News reports say peace talks between A the two countries ______ with no

agreement reached.
A. have broken down B. have broken out

C. have broken in

D. have broken up

2. Can you make a sentence to
C the meaning of the phrase? ____

A. show off
C. bring out

B. burn out
D. take in

3. He looked through as many daily newspapers as he could to _____ D

what they said about his latest book.
A. hear of B. see to

C. look up

D. find out

A 4. — I’m ____too much weight, doctor?

— I think you ought to go on a diet. A. putting on B. getting on

C. carrying on

D. living on

5. The good service at the hotel
A the poor food to some ___

degree. A. made up for

B. saved up for
C. took the place of

6. Twenty people were expected, but
B only ten_______ .

A. turned round C. turned out

B. turned up D. turned to

7. If we_______, we can realize the B progress we have made.

A. turn back
C. answer back

B. look back
D. move back

8. If you do not feel well, you should C not ______going to see the doctor.

A. pick out
C. put off

B. give off
D. make out

9. We must ____ that our customs and A habits are different from theirs. A. keep in mind B. keep up with

C. keep in touch with
D. keep to ourselves

B 10. We can’t wait. We have to ____ the direction and the distance
before we take action. A. make out B. figure out

C. think out

D. turn out

Homework
Finish Parts C1 and C2
on P127 of the workbook.


相关文章:
Module 7 Unit4 Grammar and Usage_图文.ppt
Module 7 Unit4 Grammar and Usage_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 4 Public transport Grammar and usage Phrasal verbs Let’s enjoy A story Enjoy...
Module7unit4Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
Module7unit4Grammar and usage_英语_高中教育_教育专区。牛津高中英语Module7unit4Grammar and usage课件,自己整理的,希望大家喜欢 ...
Module7_Unit1_grammar_and_usage_图文.ppt
Module7_Unit1_grammar_and_usage - Unit 1 ? Grammar and usage Look at these sentences and pay at...
...7《Unit4 Public transport》(Grammar and usage)wo....doc
高二下册Module 7Unit4 Public transport》(Grammar and usage)word教学设计(牛津译林版)教案_幼儿读物_幼儿教育_教育专区。高二下册Module 7Unit4 Public ...
Module7 Unit3 Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
Module7 Unit3 Grammar and usage - 情态动词复习
module 7 grammarand usage老白_图文.ppt
module 7 grammarand usage老白 - Grammar and Usage 牛津高中英语 Module7 Unit 1 Welcome to our class Te...
...Module 7 Unit 4 Public transport Grammar and usage_图文_....ppt
高中英语选修7(译林牛津版)Module 7 Unit 4 Public transport Grammar and usage_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Module 7 Unit 4 ...
...7《UNIT 4 PUBLIC TRANSPORT》(GRAMMAR AND USAGE)W....txt
牛津译林版英语高二下册MODULE 7UNIT 4 PUBLIC TRANSPORT》(GRAMMAR AND USAGE)WORD教案 - .● Grammar and usage Step...
Module7unit1Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
Module7unit1Grammar and usage_英语_高中教育_教育
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 1 Grammar and usage(1)课件.ppt
? ? ? (1) on sale (2) up to date (3) cap
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 1 Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 1 Grammar and usage_高
牛津高二英语Module7 Unit3 Grammar and usage(1)课件_....ppt
牛津高二英语Module7 Unit3 Grammar and usage(1)
M6Unit4 Grammar and usage1_图文.ppt
M6Unit4 Grammar and usage1 - Module Six
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 2 Grammar and usage学案.doc
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 2 Grammar and usage学案
module8 unit1Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
module8 unit1Grammar and usage_英语_高中教育_.
Module 1 Unit 1 grammar and usage 课件_图文.ppt
Module 1 Unit 1 grammar and usage 课件_高一英
module4-Unit3-Grammar and usage周卫红_图文.ppt
module4-Unit3-Grammar and usage周卫红_高一英语_
牛津高三Module11 Unit2--Grammar and usage_图文.ppt
牛津高三Module11 Unit2--Grammar and usage_英语_...(4) raining cats and dogs (5) an arm and a...(6) had butterflies in my stomach (7) as ...
...7《Unit 4 Public transport》(Grammar and usage)w....doc
牛津译林版英语高二下册Module 7Unit 4 Public transport》(Grammar and usage)word教案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。.● Grammar and usage Step 1: General ...
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 1 Grammar and usage(1)课件....ppt
牛津高二英语Module 7Unit 1 Grammar and usage(1
更多相关标签: