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牛津英语 模块三unit 2 reading 学案

高一年级英语导学案

编者:尉海清

审者:高一英语组

编号:003

牛津高中英语同步精讲精练
Part One:Vocabulary 1. China is a great nation, ________up of 56 peoples. 2. Mr. Oliver ________ an important position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who is ________in meeting important figures nearly everyday. 3. H2O ______for water, which ______of hydrogen and oxygen. 4. He ______ it after the legendary King of Crete who appears in Greek mythology by the ______ of Minos. 5. ______ from being fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill. 6. Her work has ____________ to our understanding of what effect cigarette smoking has on us, which most people believe is a major factor ______________to cancer. 7. Our basketball team suffered another _______, _______ by our opponent by 10 points. 8.His careless driving nearly ________ to there being a traffic accident. 9. The salesgirl said she would _______ the TV set if we were not satisfied. 10.All of the flowers now ______ here have developed from those they once grew in the forest. Part Two:Fill the blanks using the proper words according to the text ________ history, people from different countries and cultures have lived together in Britain and brought the grammar and vocabulary ________ of the English language, ________ is why English has so many confusing rules. Old English Old English _____ from ______ we speak nowadays. Before the middle of the 5th century, people in Britain all spoke a language _____ Celtic. At the end of the 9th century, the Vikings ______ Britain. By the 10th century, Old English had become the ______language of England. Middle English Middle English is the name _____ to the English _____ from around the 12th to the 15th centuries. Many things affected the development of English, of ______ the Normans made the most important _______ to it. However, the Norman Conquest had ______ effect on English than that the Angles did some 600 years earlier, which led to Old English ______Celtic. On the other hand, both French and English words having the similar meaning ______ together. It was ______ many English people worked as servants who raised animals ______ the words used for most animals raised for food came from Old English, ______the words for the ______ of these animals, ______ was served to the Normans, came from Old French. Of course, Old French also made other contributions to Middle English in ______ words plural. After the Norman conquest, high-class people spoke English. However, by the ______half of the 14th century, English ______ ______ into widespread use among all classes in England. It was 1399 ______ Henry IV became the King of England, ______mother tongue was English. Modern English Modern English ______ during the Renaissance, because of ______, it includes many Latin and Greek words. Pronunciation ______ through huge changes during this period. It is because people will keep ______ new words and new ways of ______ things ______such changes won’t ______ to an end. Part Three: Explanations of the text 1. Read about how English developed and why it has some strange rules. 【分析】 :1.how 和 why 引导的从句,均为宾语从句,和 about 构成介宾结构。 2.how 和 why 都是连接副词,在各自引导的从句中都做状语:how(方式状语);why(原因状语)。
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赣榆县城南高级中学导学案

【注】 :that 引导的名词性从句,通常不用在介词之后。 (除了 in\except) ---How about ______ we go to the concert after dinner? --- Sounds a good idea. A. when B. whether C. that D. if 2. The English language is made up of the grammar and vocabulary these people brought to Britain. 【分析】 : 1. be made up of=consist of 2.these people brought to Britain 这是一个省略了关系代词 that 或者 which 的定语从句。先行词为 the grammar and vocabulary,定语从句中 brought 缺少宾语。bring sth. to sp. 3. That is why English has so many difficult rules that confuse people. [分析]: 1.why 引导一个名词性从句,做 is 的表语,所以该从句为:表语从句。 2.why 在表语从句中充当原因状语。 3.that 引导的这个从句属于定语从句,修饰先行词 rules,that 指代 rules 在定语从句中充当主语,因此这 里的 that 不可省略。 4. Old English is very different from the English we speak nowadays. [分析]: 1. …be different from\differ from; (be different in…\differ in…) 2….we speak nowadays 这是一个省略关系代词的定语从句。关系代词在从句中充当宾语,所以能省略。 3.大家想一想能否用一个连接代词来替换 the English that\which? ______. 5. Old English consisted of a mixture of their languages. [分析]: 1.consist of=be made up of 由……构成。 [例题]:China is a country___ of 34 provinces, the strongest of which ___of most rich counties is Jiangsu. A. made up, consists B. consisting, made up C. making up, consists D. consists, is made up 6. Both the English language and the English people are named after the Angles. [分析]: 1.both… and… Not both his brothers are rude to his parents. Both his brothers are not rude to his parents. 2.name after 以……命名 The city was named after the great civil war hero. 7. Aside from place names such as London, very few Celtic words became part of Old English. [分析]:1.aside from=apart from 2. aside from (1)除…之外(别无):Nobody, aside from him, could answer this question. 除他外,没人能回答这个问题。 (=but\except) (2)除…之外(尚有): Aside from being fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill. 除了是乐趣 和有益的锻炼外,游泳还是一种很有用的技能。(=besides)
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高一年级英语导学案

编者:尉海清

审者:高一英语组

编号:003

(3)除…外,如果不考虑:Aside from the rainy weather, our vacation was fun. 除了天气阴雨外,我们的 假期还是玩得很高兴的。 【说明】aside from 为美国英语,在英国英语中用 apart from 代之。(=except for) 8. They brought with them their languages, which also mixed with Old English. [分析]: 1.bring sth. with sb. 2.which 引导的是一个定语从句,它指代先行词 their languages。这里的 mix 是不及物动 (vi.) He mixes well with other children in the school. 他在学校里与其他孩子能很好相处。(交际,交往,相处) 9. When we speak English today, we sometimes feel puzzled about which words or phrases to use. [分析]: 1.when 引导的为时间状语从句。which words or phrases to use 是属于‘疑问词+to do’这样一个结构。 在这里做 about 的宾语。这个结构在句中通常做:主语、宾语、表语。但是不可以作状语。 When to hold the meeting mostly depends on the weather. 高考链接: Generally speaking, ____ according to the directions , the drug has no side effect . A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken 10. For example, the word sick came from a word once used by the Angles and the Saxons, while ill came from a word once used by the Norwegians. [分析]: 1.for example 例如(举一例);such as(举多例);namely\that is(举全部) 2.句中出现的 once used…做后置定语。once (adv.) He is not easy to get along with, but the friendship of his, __, will never lose. A. once gained B. once gaining C. while gained D. when to be gained 11. Middle English is the name given to the English used from around the 12th to the 15th centuries. [分析]: 1.given to the English 是过去分词做后置定语,修饰 the name,表示被动。同样的,used from around the 12th to the 15th centuries 也是如此。 Given their inexperience, they’ve done a good job. He suggested the person ___ at the meeting ____into prison as soon as possible. A. referred to, be put B. referred to, put C. referring to, could be put D. referring to, should be put 高考链接: Distributed evenly(均匀地分配), the luggage ___ on an aircraft which goes up and down frequently ____ in place. A. loading, stays B. to be loaded, stay C. loaded, stays
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赣榆县城南高级中学导学案

D. are loading, stay 12. The most important contribution was from the Northman, a French-speaking people who defeated English and took control of the country [分析]: 1.a French-speaking people 是 the Normans 的同位语。Who 引导的是定语从句,同时它也是定语从句的 先行词。2.defeat\beat\win\hit\stike defeat 与 beat 差不多,比 beat 更正式一点。beat(有节奏地打击、 跳动)有心脏跳动之意;win+比赛、奖品等;hit 和 strike 都含有自然灾害袭击之意。hit 有重重一撞之意, strike 还有罢工之意。 13. However, the Norman Conquest did not affect English as much as the Angles and the Saxons’ victory about 600 years earlier, which led to Old English replacing Celtic. [分析]: 1. affect vt.=have an effect on; as … as …;not as\so… as… Her pronunciation is _____, if not better than, her teacher's. A. as well B. as well as C. as good D. as good as John plays football _____,if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 14. After the Norman Conquest, many English people worked as servants who raised animals. [分析]: 1.lead to\contribute to\cause\result in 导致… 2.但是要注意的是:lead…to do…(这里的 to 是动词不定式) 3.which 引导的是非限制性定语从句。 His father died last year, ______ made it impossible for him to go abroad. A. when B. which C. as D. that [分析]: 1.work as… I once worked as an engineer for 5 years. 2.who 引导的是定语从句,代指 servants 在定语从句中充当主语。 3.raise 的用法。 (及物动词 vt.) [连接]:rise(不及物动词 vi.) Nearly the price of everything has risen by 100% in the past 2 years. The fish raised artificially taste less delicious than those which grow in the wild. 15. It is interesting to learn how the words for animals and meat developed. [分析]: 1.it__________;…to learn…是__________。 2.how 引导的是__________从句。在从句中充当__________成分。 He said ____ he regretted the hours wasted in the woods and fields. A. which B. what C. how D. where 16. Old English made other contributions to Middle English as well. [分析]: 1.make contributions to=contribute to(这里的 to 是介词) Medical negligence was said to have contributed to her death.
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高一年级英语导学案

编者:尉海清

审者:高一英语组

编号:003

While the Japanese once did great harm to us Chinese, we still contributed what we can to the people trapped in the disaster without hesitation. She contributed a number of articles to the magazine. 高考连接: Li ping as well as his classmates who _____late for class was criticized by Mr. Li. A. was B. were C. do D. did 17. After the Norman took control, they began using the French way of making plurals, adding an –s to house and shoe. [分析]: 1.take control (vi.)与 take control of (vt.); run out (vi.)与 run out of (vt.) adding…分词作伴随状语。=and added… The tower on the top of the hill ___the beauty of the lake. A. adds up to B. adds to C. adds up D. adds 18. However, by the latter half of the 14th century, English had come into widespread use among all classes in England. [分析]: 1.the latter (反义词) the former 2.come into use 开始被使用。 come into power 当权、上台、执政。 come into effect 开始生效、开始实施。 come into being 形成、长生。 19. Modern English appeared during the Renaissance in the 16th century. Because of this, Modern English includes many Latin and Greek words. [分析]: 1.this 怎么的样就可以用 which 来替代了? include (including \ included)以及和 contain 的区别? I have 3 books,__2 magazines about how to predict the earthquake, both of which__ many instructive philosophies.__________ A. containing; include B. including; contain C. contain; included D. included; containing 20. Pronunciation also went through huge changes during this period. 【分析】 : 1.go through{1. 通过;穿过;透过:2. 翻找;搜寻;查看:3. 从头到尾看(或做、说、排练)一遍:4. 经 历(痛苦、困难等);遭受;忍受:5. 用完,用尽,花完:} A. The rain has gone through my overcoat. B. Mother went through the drawer looking for the sweater. C. John went through the magazine quickly. D. You didn't know what I have gone through. E. I've gone through too much money this month. 知识链接: 【分析】 :undergo 1. 经受,经历:
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赣榆县城南高级中学导学案

The city has undergone many changes during the last ten years. 这个城市在过去十年中经历了很多变化。 2. 遭受;忍受;蒙受: The explorers underwent much suffering. 探险家们遭受到许多痛若。 21. The question of whether English will keep on changing in the future is easy to answer. 【分析】 : 1.wheter 引导的是一个宾语从句。和 of 构成介宾结构。 2.若把 of 去掉可以吗?whether 引导的是什么从句? 3.to answer 为动词不定式作方式状语。 【联系:P19 L11 …to believe】 22. It is certain that this process will continue, and people will keep on inventing new words and new ways of saying things. 【分析】 : 1.it 充当___________。that…continue 是____________。 2.process 进程;进程 Animals have developed their own way unique senses over the long process of evolution. I was moving some furniture and I twisted(崴) my ankle in the process.(=while I was doing it.) I twisted my ankle in the process of my moving some furniture.

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