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高考英语不规则动词表


附 录: 不规则动词表

bet broadcast bid burst cast cost cut forecast hit hurt knit let put quit read rid set shut spit split spread sweat thrust upset

bet/betted broadcast bid/bade burst cast cost cut forecast/forecasted hit hurt knit/knitted let put quit/quitted read rid/ridded set shut spit/spat split spread sweat/ sweated thrust upset
1

bet/betted broadcast bid/bidden burst cast cost cut forecast/forecasted hit hurt knit/knitted let put quit/quitted read rid/ridded set shut spit/spat split spread sweat/ sweated thrust upset

打赌 广播;播送 出价 爆发;发生 投,掷;扔 花费 切;割 预报 打 伤害 编织 让 放 停止 读 除去 放;放置 关闭 吐 劈开;分开 散布;传播 出汗 刺;刺入 颠覆;扰乱

wed wet

wed/wedded wet/wetted

wed/wedded wet/wetted

结婚 打湿

beat

beat

beaten

打;击败;(心脏)跳动

come become overcome run

came became overcame ran

come become overcome run

来 变成 克服 跑

1.在动词原形后面加辅音字母(e)d 或 t 构成过去式、过去分词 hear burn learn dream mean lean leap spoil deal heard burnt/burned learnt/learned dreamt meant leant/leaned leapt/leaped spoilt/spoiled dealt heard burnt/burned learnt/learned dreamt meant leant/leaned leapt/leaped spoilt/spoiled dealt 听见 燃烧 学 梦想 意思是 倾斜 跳跃;跨越 破坏;宠坏 处理

2.把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母 d 改成 t build rebuild lend send spend bend built rebuilt lent sent spent bent built rebuilt lent sent spent bent 建设 重建 借出;借给 送;发射;派遣 度过;花费 弯腰;低头;弯曲

3.动词原形中有 a 则改为 aught,无 a 则改为 ought
2

catch teach buy bring fight seek think

caught taught bought brought fought sought thought

caught taught bought brought fought sought thought

抓;赶上 教;教书 买 带来;拿来 打架;争吵;作战 寻找 想

4.把 eel、ell 改成 elt feel kneel smell spell felt knelt smelt spelt felt knelt smelt spelt 感觉 跪下 闻到 拼写

5.去掉一个 e 或去掉一个 a 或去掉一个 o feed meet speed bleed breed lead mislead shoot fed met sped bled bred led misled shot fed met sped bled bred led misled shot 喂养;饲养 碰见;遇见 加速;快速前进 流血 繁殖;产生 领导;引导 误导;欺骗 射击;击中

6.改变元音字母(把 i 变为 u 或把 i、e 变为 o,把 o 变为 e,把 i 变为 a 等) dig hang spin stick dug hung spun stuck dug hung spun stuck 挖掘 挂 旋转 粘贴;插入

3

sting swing shine win get hold sit 7.eep 变为 ept

stung swung shone shined won got held sat

stung swung shone shined won got/gotten held sat

刺激;叮咬 摆动;突然转向 照耀;使发光 擦亮;擦光 赢得;获胜 得到 握;举行 坐

keep sleep oversleep creep weep sweep

kept slept overslept crept wept swept

kept slept overslept crept wept swept

保持 睡觉 睡过头 爬行 哭泣 打扫

8.ay 变为 aid,ell 变为 old,and 变为 ood,ind 变为 ound pay repay lay say sell tell retell foretell stand understand misunderstand paid repaid laid said sold told retold foretold stood understood misunderstood paid repaid laid said sold told retold foretold stood understood misunderstood 付款 偿还;报答 下蛋;产卵;放置 说 卖 告诉 复述 预告;预言 站,站立 明白;懂得 误会;误解

4

find wind 9.其他 bite bless have/has hide leave light lose make slide spill

found wound

found wound

找到;发现 卷起;缠绕

bit blessed/blest had hid left lit/lighted lost made slid spilled/spilt

bit/bitten blessed/blest had hid/hidden left lit/lighted lost made slid spilled/spilt

咬 祝福 有 隐藏;躲藏 离开 点燃;照亮 失去;丢失 制作;制造 滑动 溢出

1.动词原形后+n 或 en 构成过去分词 take overtake mistake undertake shave saw sow shake see foresee eat fall took overtook mistook undertook shaved sawed sowed shook saw foresaw ate fell taken overtaken mistaken undertaken shaven/shaved sawn/sawed sown/sowed shaken seen foreseen eaten fallen 拿;取 追上;超过 误认;误解 承担;保证 剃须 锯 播种 摇头;摇晃 看见 预见 吃 跌倒

5

give forgive drive rise arise ride write

gave forgave drove rose arose rode wrote

given forgiven driven risen arisen ridden written

给 原谅;宽恕 驾驶 升起 出现;发生 骑 写

2.过去式+n 或 en 构成过去分词 break speak freeze wake weave awake choose steal forget hide forbid broke spoke froze woke wove awoke chose stole forgot hid forbade/ forbad broken spoken frozen woken woven awoken chosen stolen forgotten hidden forbidden 打破 说话 结冰;凝固 醒 编织 唤醒 选择 偷 忘记 躲藏 禁止

3.ow/aw/ew—ew/ed—own/awn/ewn 型 blow grow know throw overthrow draw withdraw blew grew knew threw overthrew drew withdrew
6

blown grown known thrown overthrown drawn withdrawn

吹 生长 知道 投;掷 推翻 拖;拉 撤退

sew show 4.i—a—u 型 begin drink ring sink sing swim spring began drank rang sank sang swam

sewed showed

sewn/sewed shown

缝 出示

begun drunk rung sunk sung swum sprung

开始 喝;饮 打电话;按(铃) 下沉 唱歌 游泳 弹跳;弹起

sprang/sprung

5.ear—ore—orn 型 bear tear wear swear 6.其他 be(am,is) be(are) do/does go lie fly was were did went lay flew been been done gone lain flown 是 是 做 去 躺 飞 bore tore wore swore born torn worn sworn 忍受;生育 撕裂;撕破 穿;戴 发誓

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