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2017 年课标全国 II In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible 61 (crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and 62 work. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, 63 (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over 64 top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced. Steam engines 65 (use) to pull the carriages and it must have been 66 (fair) unpleasant for the passengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using 67 every day. Later, engineers 68 (manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube. This development was only possible with the 69 (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most 70 (success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public. 答案:61. 66.. 2017 年课标全国 I There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community (医学界)61 method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side 62 (effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight. Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required 63 (process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt 64 (remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something. As 65 result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing. Even 66 (bad), the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. Fast food 67 (be) full of fat and salt; by 68 (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet. Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be 69 (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both, 70 答案:61. 62.. 67.. 2017 年课标全国 III She looks like any other schoolgirl, fresh-faced and full of life. Sarah Thomas is looking forward to challenge of her new A-level course. But unlike her school friends ,16-year-old Sarah is not spending half-term 61 (rest). Instead, she is earning $6,500 a day as 62 model in New York. 67.. is not good for the health. 63.. 64.. 68.. 69.. 65.. 70.. 62.. 67.. 63.. 68.. 64.. 69.. 65.. 70..

Sarah 63 (tell) that she could be Britain’s new supermodel, earning a million dollars in the next year. Her father Peter, 44, wants her to give up school to model full-time. But Sarah, 64 has taken part in shows along with top models, wants 65 (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. She is determined to carry on with her 66 (educate). She has turned down several 67 (invitation) to star at shows in order to concentrate on her studies.After school she plans to take a year off to model full-time before going to university to get a degree 68 engineering or architecture. Sarah says, "My dad thinks I should take the offer now. But at the moment, school 69 (come) first. I don't want to get too absorbed in modeling. It is 70 (certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal. I don't want to have nothing else to fall back on when I can't model my more." 答案:61. 62.. 63.. 64.. 65.. 68.. 2016 年课标全国 II If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别)those of 61 (great)and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of 62 (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow 63 (be) often acceptable. Most of us are more focused 64 our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive 65 possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished. Recent 66 (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks 67 (regular).Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for 68 while, exercising, or doing something you enjoy. If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely 69 (bring) your work home. It could be anything-gardening, cooking, music, sports—but whatever it is, 70 (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about. 答案:61. 62.. 63.. 64.. 65.. 69.. 2016 年课标全国 I Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____61_(attract). So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I_____62_(arrow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be __63___(official) given to me at a ceremony in London.But my connection with pandas goes back ____64__ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____65_ I was the first Western TV reporter__66___ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include ____67_(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia. 67.. 68.. 69.. 70.. 67.. 68.. 69.. 70..

On my recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by 68 (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few 69(day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, 70 other is with mum-she never suspects. 答案:61. 70.. 2016 年课标全国 III In much of Asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 61 Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks. Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic,animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 62. (make)of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods an d metal 63. (create) special designs. The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large Pots, 64 (use) twigs( 树 枝 ) to remove it. Over time, 65 the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 66. (gradual)turned into chopsticks. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 67. lived from roughly 551 to 479B.C., influenced the 68. (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 69.(be) too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat 70. their hands. 答案:61. 71.. 62.. 67.. 63.. 68.. 64.. 69.. 65.. 70.. 62.. 67.. 63.. 68.. 64.. 69.. 65.. 70..

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