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高中英语知识点 一、重点词组

1. be able to do 能够做 After paying great efforts, he is able to speak English fluently. 2. be about to do 正要做 As I was about to say, you interrupted me. 3. add… to…把……加…… If you add 5 to 5, you get ten. This adds to our difficulties. 4. be afraid of 害怕 I was afraid of hurting her feelings. 5. go against 反对 We don't agree with the proposal, because it goes against the law. 6. agree on 达成一致 We all agree on the terms. 7.agree to do 同意做 My father has agreed to buy me a new computer. 8. agree with 同意某人(或其想法、观点、认识 等) ;与……相符 I don't agree with you on this point. 9. be angry with 对……生气 He was angry with himself for having made such a foolish mistake. He was angry at being kept waiting. 10. be anxious about 对……担心 I was anxious about my son's health. 11. apply for 申请 I have applied to the Consul for the visa. 12. take sth. in one's arms 把……抱在怀里 She took a bunch of roses in her arms. 13. take up arms 拿起武器 We should take up our arms to defend our motherland. 14. arrive in/at a place 达到某地 My brother will arrive in Beijing next Monday. I arrive at the school every morning at a regular time. 15. ask (sb.) for sth.向(某人)要某物 You shouldn't ask your parents for money any more. 16. pay attention to 对……注意 When you write an essay, you have several things to pay attention to.

17. be away from 远离…… When you friend is in trouble, don't be away from him/her; instead, you should try your best to help. 18. go/run away 逃跑 It's dangerous! Go/run away immediately. 19. beat… to death 将……打死 He was nearly beat to death once after he was caught stealing. 20. go to bed 上床休息 I was so tired that I went to bed earlier than before. 21. make the bed 铺床 You are old enough to make the beds by yourself. 22. beg one's pardon 请某人再说一遍 Sorry I didn't catch it. I beg your pardon. 23. begin… with 以……开始 The party began with a cheerful song. 24. believe in 信仰 In western countries, many people believe in God. 25. belong to 属于 That Taiwan belongs to China should be unquestionable. 26. do one's best 尽最大的努力 If you have done your best, then there's nothing to regret. 27. had better 最好 You had better stop smoking. 28. blow away 吹走 The wind blew the heat away. 29. take a boat 乘船 I took a boat to go to the island in the center of the lake. 30. be born 出生 He was born in a wealthy family. 31. break away from 从……脱离,断绝关系 Can't you break away from old habits? 32. break down(指计划、打算)破灭; (机器) 坏了; (身体状况)变差 Our plans have broken down. Sugar and starch are broken down in the stomach. 33. break into 破门而入 His house was broken into last week. 34. break off 从中间打断 He broke off in the middle of a sentence. Let's break off for an hour and have some tea. 35. break out(指战争、灾难、争吵等)突然爆发 A fire broke out during the night.

36. break the rules 违反规则 Everyone in the group mustn't break the rules. 37. break up 击碎、 驱散 终止 结束 分裂 分开 分手放学 The ship was breaking up on the rocks. The police broke up the crowd. 38. hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 He held his breath and sneaked into his room. 39. bring down 击落、打倒 A moment ago, we brought down a hostile aircraft. 40. bring in 赚得、赢得(利润) His farms bring (him) in $20000 a year. . 41. bring on 导致……结果 He was out all day in the rain and this brought on a bad cold. The fine weather is bringing the crops on nicely. 42. bring up 抚养 She has brought up five children. 43. build up 建立;恢复(身体状况等) He has built up a good business. He went on holiday and soon built up his health. 44. burn…to the ground 把……夷为平地 The Japanese invaders burnt the houses to the ground. 45. burn down 烧光 The house was burnt down. 46. burst into laughter.突然爆发大笑 On seeing the amusing scene, she burst into laughter. 47. burst into tears 突然大哭 She suddenly burst into tears. 48. be busy doing/with sth.忙于做某事 We are busy preparing for/with the exam. 49. call at (a place)拜访某地 I called at the tailor's (裁缝) a couple of days ago. 50. call back 回电话 I will call back later. 51. call for 到某地取东西;接人;要求;呼吁 I'll call for you at 6 o'clock. People all over the world call for peace. 52. call in 请(医生) Please call in a doctor at once. 53. call on 拜访某人 My uncle called on me yesterday on his way home. 54. take care of 照顾;负责 The nurse took good care of the patients.

Here, let me take care of the cleaning. 55. care for 担心、关心、想 My parents care for my safety when I travel by myself. The elders should care for the younger generation. 56. carry off 夺走(生命) ;取得(奖励等) The terrible war carried off her father's life. Tom carried off all the school prizes. 57. carry on 进行 The discussion carried on after a short break. 58. carry out 实施 The plan has to be carried out as soon as possible. 59. catch fire 起火 This material is easy to catch fire. Be careful. 60. catch up with 赶上 I have to study even harder than before in order to catch up with my peers. 61. change…for 把……换成 The shirt is too big. Can I change for another one. 62. change…into 把……变成 He changed into his working clothes when he began to work. 63. change one's mind 改变主意 I persuaded him to change his mind. 64. check out 核对,检查 Would you help me to check out the names and numbers. He checked out and left the hotel. 65. clear away 收拾,整理 Please help me to clear away the tea things. 66. clear up(指天)晴朗;清理 The weather/sky is clearing up. Clear up the desk before you leave the office. 67. catch/take cold; have a cold 感冒 He was absent because he caught cold last night. 68. come about 产生……结果 How does it come about half of the class are absent? 69. come across 碰巧遇到;突然想起 I came across this old brooch (胸针) in a curio (小 件珍奇物品) shop. The thought came across my mind that we … 70. come back 回想起来 Their names are all coming back to me now.

71. come down(指雨)下得很大; (指气温)下

降 The rain came down in bucketfuls. The temperature came down suddenly. 72. come from 来自 Much of the butter in England comes from New Zealand. 73. come off 脱落 The button has come off my coat. 74. come on 加油 Come on! Let's race to the bottom of the hill. 75. come out 出现; (指花)开放; The stars come out. The flowers are coming out. When will his new book come out? 76. come to(指数字)达到 The total number of people who attended the conference came to 1000. 77. come true(指梦想)实现 I hope that my dream will come true one day in the future. 78. come up He came up the hard way. The question hasn't come up yet. 79. compare with 与……比较 Compared with education in western countries, China has her own special features. 80. compare to 把……比作 Teachers are sometimes compared to candles. 81. connect to 与……联系 It's a railway that connects Beijing to Shenzhen. 82. connect with 与……联接 Where does cooker connect with the gas-pipe? 83. be considered as 被认为是 She is considered as the best teacher in our school. 84. consider doing sth.考虑做…… I'm considering moving abroad. 85. be covered with 被……覆盖 The ground was covered with heavy snow. 86. cut down 砍倒 Don't cut down the young trees. 87. cut off 砍掉;截断 Don't cut your fingers off! The enemy had cut off our food supply. 89. cut up 切碎 I'll cut up the meat. 90. date from 起始于

The temple dates from over a thousand years ago. 91. deal with 处理;对付;相处;涉及 How do you deal with the difficulties? The man is hard to deal with. The book deals with health problems. 92. do a good deed 做好事 During his lifetime, Lei Feng had done many good deeds. 93. depend on 取决于;信任 Whether we go to park this weekend depends on the weather. You can always depend on Jim, for he is an honest man. It depends on you. Any time is all right for me. 94. devote to 把(时间、精力等)专注于…… Mary Curio devoted all her life to the research of radiation matters, 95. die of 死于 He dies of a disease. 96. die out 绝种 Many old customs are gradually dying out. 97. be different from 与……不同 The picture on the right is different from the one on the left. 98. divide up 把……分开 We divided the money up equally. How shall we divide the work up? 99. divide into 把……分成(几部分) The house was divided into two parts. 100. do sb. a favor 给某人帮忙 Would you do me a favor? 101. do well in 在……方面表现好 He did well in maths when he was in high school. 102. do wrong 犯错误,犯罪 He was sentenced three years for his doing wrong. 103. dream of 梦想 I am always dreaming of traveling around the world. 104. drop in 顺路拜访 Some friends dropped in to tea. 105. earn one's living 挣钱维持生计 She earned her living by writing. 106. eat up 吃光 He was so hungry that he ate up all the food on the table. 107. have an effect on 对……有影响 Her childhood life had a great effect on her later

life. 108. end up 结束(一般是不太好的结果) If you continue stealing you will end up in prison. 109. fall asleep 入睡 He was so tired that he fell asleep very soon. 110. fall behind 落后 He always falls behind when we're going uphill. 111. fall down 摔倒 Babies often fall down when they are learning to walk. The basket is full of eggs -don't let it fall down. 112. fall ill 生病 He has fallen ill. 113. fall in love with 与……相爱 He fell in love with an actress. 114. fall off 从……摔下 The daily number of passengers by this line shows a slight falling off. The naughty boy fell off the tree when he reached the bird nest. 115. fall over 摔入 He fell over into the water and broke his legs. 116. fall to pieces 摔成碎片 The window was broken and fell to pieces. 117. be familiar with 与……熟悉 He was familiar with English and did the translation work well. 118. be famous for 因……出名 Bill Gates is famous for his greatest fortune of the world. 119. feel like doing 想做…… I don't feel like eating too much. 120. fill in 填写 Please fill in the application forms before you go for a interview. 121. find out 找出事实真相 I made up mind to find out the truth. 122. be fit for 对……合适 She is the very person who is fit for the position. 123. fix up 给某人提供住宿;安排 I'll fix you up for the night. Don't worry about that. My secretary has fixed up a meeting with you. Please fix your drawers up. 124. be fond of 喜欢…… I was very fond of teaching, so I decided to work in a high school as a teacher.

125. set free 解放 One of the great contributions Lincoln had made was setting the slaves free. 126. make friends with 与……交朋友 She was very popular, and she had made lots of friends after she moved to the new school. 127. be full of 充满…… The hall was full of crowds of people. 128. make fun of 开……的玩笑 Never make fun of the disabled people. 129. get along with 与……相处 She is getting along with her studies and new friends well. 130. get away 逃走 Two of the prisoners got away. 131. get back 回来 You can arrange you time yourself after school as long as you get back before 10p.m. 132. get close to 接近 In order to be a famous actor, he tried to get close to those movie stars. 133. get down 下车 Remember to get down after three stops. 134. get down to 集中精力做…… I should get down to my work after the long holiday. 135. get in(表示火车)进站;收割 Th train got in five minutes early. Farmers get in harvest in September. 136. get in touch with 与……取得联系 I've lost my phone book, so I can't get in touch with my old friends. 137. get into the habit of 形成某种习惯 After coming here, I've got into the habit of getting up early in the morning. 138. get married 结婚 He has got married and has the twins. 139. get off We got off immediately after breakfast. She got off the scarf after getting in. 140. get rid of 摆脱,除掉 We should get rid of bad habits. 141. get though 接通;通过(考试) ; I rang you several times yesterday but couldn't get through. Tom failed but his sister got through. 142. get together 聚会

We got together to celebrate the New Year's Day. 143. give a talk 作演讲 A well known expert is supposed to give a talk tomorrow afternoon. 144. give advice 提建议 We need friends to give advice. 145. give back 还回 You should give back what you've borrowed. 146. give birth to 生育 The mother panda gave birth to two baby pandas yesterday. 147. give in 让步,退让 The rebels were forced to give in. Mary usually has to give in to her big brother. 148. give off 放出(某种气体、光、射线等) The special matter gives off radiation. 149. give out 消耗尽;分发 Our food supplies began to give out. Her patience gave out. Please help me to give out the books. 150. give up 放弃 Don't give up when you get in trouble. 151. go ahead 向前,前进 Don't mind it. Please go ahead. 152. go bad 变质 Food is easy to go bad in summer. 153. go by 经过 Time went by slowly. 154. go for a walk 去散步 Let's go for a walk after dinner. 155. go off(指枪)走火; (食物)变坏; (演员) 下场 The gun went off by accident. This milk has gone off. Hamlet goes off. 156. go on 继续 Don't stop. Go on please. How much longer will the hot weather go on? 157. go on doing sth.继续做某事 Never give up! Go on trying. I hope it won't go on raining all day. 158. go on with one's work 继续某人的工作 Let's stop here today. We'll go on with our work tomorrow. 159. go out(灯)熄灭;参加社交活动 There was a power cut and all the lights went out.

She still goes out a great deal, even at seventy-five. 160. go through 浏览;翻找;经历(苦难) Go through all the exercises before you start the listening practice. The police went through the pockets of the suspected thief. My grandfather is a real man who has gone through hardships. 161. go up 上升 The temperature is going up. 162. be good at 擅长于 She is an excellent student who is good at nearly everything. 163. grow up 长大 When you grow up you will understand all this. 164. hand down 流传 We can not always observe the traditions handed down to us from the past. 165. hand in 上交 Remember to hand in the paper before Next Tuesday. 166. hand in hand 手拉手 We should act hand in hand in international affairs. 167. hand out 分发 Please help me t o hand out the reading materials. 168. have…on 有……活动 I have nothing on tomorrow evening. I'm free. 169. have…to do with 与……有关 It has nothing to do with you, so you can leave now. 170. have a gift for 有……方面的天赋 She has had a gift for music since she was quite young. 171. have got to 不得不 It's too late and I have got to go right now. 172. have sth. on 穿着…… The emperor had nothing on, for he believed that he had had the most beautiful new clothes in the world. 173. use one's head 动脑子 Use your head and you'll work it out by yourself. 174. hear about 听说 I've just heard about his dismissal. 175. hear from 有……的消息 I haven't heard from you for a long time. 176. hear of 听说 I've never heard of that place. 177. learn/know sth. by heart 把……牢记

If you have learned/known a great deal of poems by heart, you will know how to write poems by yourself. 178. say hello to…向某人问好 Please say hello to your parents for me. 179. help oneself to 随意 Make yourself at home. Help yourself to some fish. 180. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 I should thank you for helping me with English. 181. help out 帮……出困境 I don't know how to translate the passage. Please help me out. 182. hold on 别挂电话 -- Is that Mary speaking? -- Hold on, please. I'll get her. 183. hold out 伸出 Hold your right arm out and let me examine it. 184. hold up 举起 He is such a proud men., always holding his head up. They were held up by the immigration authorities. 185. hurry up 快点 Hurry up or we'll be late. 186. insist on 坚持 He insisted on his innocence. The little boy insisted on doing it by his own. 187. join in 加入 Why don't you join in the conversation? 187. join up 连接起来 We should join up and take actions to defend ourselves. 188. keep a record 做记录 When you do an experiment, you'd better keep a record. 189. keep back 扣 They keep back $200 a month from my salary for National Insurance. 190. keep fit 保持身体健康 Nowadays keeping fit is a hot topic of people's conversations and focus of magazines and newspapers. 191. keep in touch with 保持联络 Although he is abroad now, he can keep in touch with his friends by e-mail. 192. keep off 让……远离 They made a big fire to keep wild animals off.

193. keep on doing sth.重复地做某事 Don't keep on asking silly questions. Keep on working for a whole day made me exhausted. 194. keep one's balance 保持平衡 It's very important for an gymnastic to keep his/her balance. Keeping balance of nature is of great significance. 195. keep one's promise 遵守诺言 no one will believe those who don't keep their promises. 196. keep up 振作精神;保持(习俗) ;维持 Keep up your spirits! Keep you chin up! Sometimes we should keep up old customs. How much does it cost you to keep up such a large house and garden? 197. knock at 敲门 Listen, I heard somebody knocking at the door. 198. knock into sb.撞倒 When I fell from the tree, I knocked into a passer-by. 199. knock out of 把……敲出来 Grandfather was sitting at the table, knocking the ash out of his pipe. 200. laugh at 嘲笑 Don't laugh at those who seem to be inferior. 201. lay the table 摆桌子 Please lay the table. Dinner is ready. 202. lead to 导致 Carelessness led to the terrible traffic accident and death of five passengers. 203. do one's lesson 做功课 You have to do your lesson before you can watch TV. 204. have lesson 上课 We don't have any lessons on weekends. 205. let in 让……进入 Windows let in light and air. These shoes let in water. Who let you in? 206. let out 把……放出;泄露(秘密) He let air out of the tyros. He tried to be calm, but his voice let him out. 207. live on 以……为生 He lives on a small wage. 208. look after 照顾

I decide to stay home and look after my grandmother. 209. look back upon 回顾 Sometimes when we look back upon the past, we will cherish what we have more. 210. look down upon (on)瞧不起 I look down upon those independent women. 211. look for 寻找 I've been looking for my key for half an hour. 212. look forward to 盼望、期待 Winter vacation is coming. I'm looking forward to seeing my family. 213. look into.朝里看;调查 I looked into the bush and found a ball. I should look into this complicated case later. 214. look out 当心 Hey! Look out, the truck is coming behind. 215. look (a)round 环视;仔细分析情况 Don't make a hurried decision; look (a)round well first. 216. look up 查找 I'll look up the new word in the dictionary. 217. have/take a look 看一眼 Oh, what a pretty dress. Let me have/take a look. 218. lose heart.丧失信心 Never lose heart. Keep on trying. 219. lose one's life 丧命 In the earthquake, some two thousand residents lost their lives. 220. lose one's voice 失声 Being a teacher, she often loses her voice after a three-hour lesson. 221. lose weight 减轻体重 If you want to enjoy yourselves in Lunar New Year holiday, it's impossible to lose weight. 222. be in love with 与……相爱 Romeo was in love with Juliet. 223. be made from 由……制成(看不出原材料) Wine is made from grapes. 224. be made of 由……制成(看得出原材料) Cloth is made of cotton, wool, silk and other materials. 225. be made in 在哪制造 You can find many products in the USA which are made in China. 226. be made up of 由……组成

A year is made up of 12 months. 227. make…to one's own measure 给某人量体裁衣。 This is a nice fit. It must have been made to your own measure. 228. make a decision 做决定 Think over before you make a decision. 229. make a good effort 做出努力 If you make a good effort to study, you will definitely make progress. 230. make a plan for 为……制定计划 It's a good habit to make a plan for what you are going to do next. 231. make a promise 做出承诺 If you've make a promise, you have to keep it. 232. make a record 制唱片 She was very excited, because it was the first time that she had been invited to make a record of her own music. 233. make ends meet 让收支平衡 Since Mike lost his job, we can hardly make ends up. 234. make sense 有意义 I'm sorry to say that what you said doesn't make any sense. 235. make sure of 对……有把握 Before making a decision, I want to make sure of whether what I heard about him is true. 236. make up 虚构;弥补 The whole story is made up. We still need $5 to make up the sum we asked for. 237. make up one's mind 下定决心 It's hard to make up one's mind to quit smoking. 238. make use of 利用 We should make good use of time to learn more things. 239. have a match 举行比赛 It is said that we are going to have a match with Class Three this afternoon. 240. have some medicine 服药 Since you don't feel well, why not have some medicine. 241. have/hold a meeting 开会 It's urgent to have/hold a meeting about this matter. 242. take a message for 给某人带消息 Kate is not in. Shall I take message for her?

243. make a mistake 犯错误 It's nothing serious to make a mistake, as long as you realize it and correct it. 244. move on 继续前进 After a short rest the troop moved on towards east. 245. make a noise 发出噪声 Don't make a noise outside. The baby is still asleep. 246. take part in 参加活动 There are three hundred people taking part in the international conference. 247. pay… a visit 拜访 Next month, the president will pay a visit to a neighbor country. 248. pay back 还债 I worked hard in order to pay back what I owed to others. 249. pay for sth.为……付款 He'll have to pay for this foolish behavior. 250. pay off 把债还清 After ten years' hard work I finally paid off the debt. 251. pick out 辨别出;挑选 I looked about to pick out my friends in a crowd. The coach intended to pick out some talented youngsters to the training team. 252. pick up 拾起来;不太费力地学得一种外语 This what I picked up on the beach this morning. It's easy for a child to pick up a foreign language when abroad. 253. take one's place 代替某人 Mr. Samuel is sick, so his assistant came to take his place. 254. take place 发生 The story took place in a small village in 1950's. 255. take the place of 代替…… Plastics have taken the place of many materials. 256. play a part in 起到……作用 Computers are playing an important part in nowadays' science and economy. 257. play the piano 弹钢琴 She is playing the piano and all the guests enjoy her performance. 258. play the role of 扮演……的角色 In this play, she played the role of a fairy, and she did it very well. 259. point out 指出 He pointed out the finest picture to me.

260. point at/to 指向 The needle of a compass points to the north. Don't point a gun at me. 261. be popular with sb.与某人有人缘 She is friendly to everyone around her and she seems to be quite popular with her friends. 262. prevent…from 阻止……发生、行动 Such dangerous behavior should be prevented from beforehand. 263. be proud of 以……骄傲、自豪 Father is very proud of his able son. 264. push over 推搡 Several children were pushed over in the stampede. 265. put away 收拾好 Put your toys away. Tony! 266. put down 记录 Put down any important information while observing. 267. put…in prison 将……投放到监狱. He committed a case and was put in prison. 268. put on 穿上 Put on the jacket, for the weather outside is freezing. Good news-The play "Hamlet" will be put on in the new theater. 269. put sth. down 把某物放下 We are the police. Put down your gun. 270. put on performances 举行演出 On Christmas Day various performances will be put on for celebration. 271. put on weight 增加体重 If you keep on eating these sweet things you will surely put on weight. 272. put out 灭火 The firemen hurried here and put out the big fire in half an hour. 273. put up 张贴 A notice was put up, saying that the new film was going to be shown on next week. 274. quarrel about 为……争吵 Although they quarrel about some chores, they still support each other and are considered to be a fine couple. 275. get/be ready (for)为……作好准备 Are you ready for the practice? Go. 276. refer to 所指 What does this pronoun refer to in this line?

The lecture mainly refers to religions. seat at the desk. 277. be related to 有关系 290. see sb. off 为某人送行 She is related to the royal family. I am going to see my friends off at the airport, so 278. remember me to…记得代我向……问好 I'll be late or a couple of minutes. Please remember me to your family. 291. sell out 卖光 279. ring back 回电话 All the reference books for senior three have been I'll ring back a moment later. sold out. 280. ring off 挂电话 292. send for 派人叫/请来 Don't ring off. Hold on please. Mother is ill. Send for a doctor immediately. 281. ring up 打电话 293. send up 发送(卫星) I'll ring you (up) this evening. An satellite has been sent up by China. 282. roll over 翻滚 294. send out 放射;发送;发出 The bicycle hit me and rolled me over. The sun sends out light and warmth. 283. make room for 给……腾出空地 I've sent out a letter of invitation. The bus was extremely busy and we couldn't make The trees send out new leaves in spring. any room for a single person. 295. make sentences with 用……造句 284. round up 集合 Could you make sentences with the phrase "put up"? The courier rounded up the tourists and hurried 296. separate from 把……与……分离 them back into the coach. Separate the good apples from the bad ones. 285. run away 逃避 297. set … on fire 给……放火 Don't run away-I need your advice. The slaves set the houses of slave owners on fire. 286. run out of 消耗完,用完了 298. set an example 成为一个榜样 We're fast running out of beer. Lei Feng set a good example for several 287. be seated 坐下 generations. Please be seated and make yourself at home. 299. set fire to 给……放火 288. have a seat 就坐 The rebels set fire to the houses of landlords. Would you have a seat and let's have a talk? 300. set off 出发 289. take a seat 就坐 They've set off on a journey round the world He came into the room, put off his coat, and took a ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------二、同义词组 1、devote 替换 spend He spends all his spare time in reading. → He devotes all his spare time to reading. 2、seek 替换 want / look for They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees. 3、average 替换 ordinary I’m an average ( ordinary ) student. 3、the case 替换 true I don’t think it is the case ( true ). 4、on 替换 as soon as As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research.. 5、due to 替换 because of He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

cover 替换 walk/read After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired. contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful 6、Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 7、round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby 在拐角处,即将来临 ① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby). come to light 替换 discover The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light. 8.have a ball 替换 have a good time/ enjoy oneself After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ). 9.come up with 替换 think of Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas. 10.set aside 替换 save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004 天津卷) 11.be of + n. 替换 adj. The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 12.refer to 替换 talk about/of, mention The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous. 13.can not but / can not help but 替换 have to do I could not but (had to) go home. 14.more often than not 替换 usually More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed. 15.Lest 以免替换 so that /in order that I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it. 16.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换 want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. → I am long to see you. 17.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to 替换 be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps. 18.more than 替换 very ① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. 19.do sb a/the favor 替换 help Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio? 20.the other day 替换 a few days ago The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. ( NMET 1997 ) 21.in the course of 替换 during In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety. 22.the majority of 替换 most The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema. 23.consist of 替换 be made up of

Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students. 24.be worn out 替换 be tired / broken ① After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). ② My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair. 25.become of 替换 happen What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ? 26.attend to 替换 look after 27.on condition that 替换 as long as 28.nevertheless 替换 however 29.express one’s satisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with 30.spare no efforts to do 替换 try one’s best to do 31.be rushed off one’s feet 替换 be busy in doing 32.meanwhile 替换 at the same time 33.get to one’s feet 替换 stand up 34.beneath 替换 under 35.occasionally 替换 sometimes /once in while 36.for instance 替换 for example 37.as a matter of fact 替换 in fact 三、词组固定搭配 1. 接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的 24 个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 choose to do sth. 决定做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词: aim to do sth. 打算做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事 2. 接不定式作宾补的 36 个常用动词 advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事 bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事 beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事 elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事 get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事 hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事 help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事 oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事 trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某

汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成 excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。 汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成 wish sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成 advise sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成 arrange for sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成 demand of sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成 thank sb. for doing sth.。 汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成 congratulate sb. on doing sth.。 汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成 prevent sb. from doing sth.。 3. 接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的 34 个常用动词 admit doing sth. 承认做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 mention doing sth. 提及做某事 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 miss doing sth. 错过做某事 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事 report doing sth. 报告做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 understand doing sth. 理解做某事 4. 接现在分词作宾补的 20 个常用动词 bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事

find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事 keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事 look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事 5. 接动词原形作宾补的 11 个常用动词 feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 6. 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的 12 个动词 like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事 hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事 prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事 begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事 start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事 continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某

observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事 set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事 stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观

notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事 observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事

事 can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍 受做某事 bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事 intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事 attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事 cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事

7. 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的 7 个动词 (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事 (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事 try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事 注:stop to do sth. 与 stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但 stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。 8. 可接双宾语的 38 个常用动词 (1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词 to 的常用动词 award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人 bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人 hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人 mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人

owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物 pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱) post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听 return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人 sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人 serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人 show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看 take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人 teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物 tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况 throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人 write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信 (2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词 for 的常用动词 book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物 choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物 cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物 fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物 find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物 fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物 make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物 order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物 pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物 prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备 某物 save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物 sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌) spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物 steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物

注:有的动词后接的双宾语时,既可用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也可用介词 for 引出间接宾语,含义相 同,如 bring,play 等: Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。 有的动词后接的双宾语时,即可用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也可用介词 for 引出间接宾语,含义不同, 如 leave 等: They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。 My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。 9. 可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的 8 个常见动词 accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪) ,指责某人做某事 cheat sb. of sth. 骗取某人某物 cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事) remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事) rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况 10. 可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的 8 个常见动词 blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事 criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事 forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事 scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事 thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事 11. 可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的 9 个常见动词 cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事

food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事 argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 12. 容易误用作及物动词的 9 个不及物动词 误:deal a problem 正:deal with a problem 处理问题 误:depend sb. 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人 误:insist doing sth. 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事 误:knock the door 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门 误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术 误:participate sth. 正:participate in sth. 参加某事 误:refer sth. 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物 误:rely sb. / sth. 正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物 误:reply a letter 正:reply to a letter 回信 注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如 insist, reply 等动词后可接宾语从句,operate 表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。 13. 容易误用作不及物动词的 8 个及物动词 误:serve for sb. 正:serve sb. 为某人服务 误:marry with sb. 正:marry sb. 与某人结婚 误:discuss about sth. 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事 误:mention about sth. 正:mention sth. 提到某事 误:enter into a room 正:enter a room 进入房间 误:contact with sb. 正:contact sb. 与某人联系 误:equal to sth. 正: equal sth. 等于某物 误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话 注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如 enter into 可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态 或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如: The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。 I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。 The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。 14. 17 个常用“be+形容词+about”结构 be angry about 为……生气 be careful about 当心…… be curious about 对……好奇 be excited about 对……感到兴奋 be happy about 为……感到高兴 be mad about 对……入迷 be particular about 对……讲究 be serious about 对……认真 be worried about 为……担忧 15. 10 个常用“be+形容词+at”结构 be angry at 为……生气

be anxious about 为……担忧 be certain about 确信…… be disappointed about 对……失望 be glad about 对……感到高兴 be hopeful about 对……抱有希望 be nervous about 为……感到不安 be sad about 为……而难过 be sure about 对……有把握

be bad at 不善于……

be clever at 擅长于…… be disappointed at 对……失望 be expert at 在……方面是内行 be good at 善于…… be mad at 对……发怒 be quick at 在……方面敏捷 be skilful at 在……方面熟练 be slow at 在……方面迟钝 16. 18 个常用“be+形容词+for”结构 be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对……有害,对……不利 be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……出名 be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近 be eager for 渴望 be famous for 因……闻名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good for 对……有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好 be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitable for 对……合适(适宜) be thankful for 因……而感激 be well-known for 以……出名 17. 6 个常用“be+形容词+from”结构 be absent from 缺席,不在 be far from 离……远,远远不 be safe from 没有……的危险 18. 13 个常用“be+形容词+in”结构 be concerned in 与……有关 be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be expert in 在……方面是行家 be honest in 在……方面诚实 be lack in 缺乏 be skilful in 擅长于 be weak in 在……方面不行 19. 18 个常用“be+形容词+of”结构 be afraid of 害怕 be aware of 意识到,知道 be careful of 小心,留心 be fond of 喜欢 be full of 充满 be nervous of 害怕 be short of 缺乏 be sick of 对……厌倦 be tired of 对……厌烦 20. 20 个常用“be+形容词+to”结构 be accustomed to 习惯于 be close to 靠近,接近 be devoted to 献身,专心于 be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be important to 对……重要 p;

be different from 与……不同 be free from 没有,免受 be tired from 因……而疲劳

be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望 be experienced in 在……方面有经验 be fortunate in 在……方面幸运 be interested in 对……感兴趣 be rich in 富于,在……方面富有 be successful in 在……方面成功

be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧 be capable of 能够,可以 be certain of 确信,对……有把握 be free of 没有,摆脱 be glad of 为……而高兴 be proud of 为……自豪 be shy of 不好意思 be sure of 肯定,有把握 be worthy of 只得,配得上

be blind to 对……视而不见 be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情 be equal to 等于,能胜任 be harmful to 对……有危害 be open to 对……开放,易受到

be opposed to 反对,不赞成 be polite to 对……有礼貌 be respectful to 尊敬 be similar to 与……相似 be used to 习惯于 21. 16 个常用“be+形容词+with”结构 be angry with 对(某人)生气 be busy with 忙于 be concerned with 关于,与……有关 be delighted with 对……感到高兴 be familiar with 熟悉,精通 be ill with 患……病 be pleased with 对……满意(高兴) be satisfied with 对……满意

be opposite to 在……对面,和……相反 be related to 与……有关(是亲戚) be rude to 对……无礼 be true to 忠实于,信守 be useful to 对……有用

be bored with 对……厌烦 be careful with 小心 be content with 以……为满足 be disappointed with 对(某人)失望 be honest with 对(某人)真诚 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心 be popular with 受……欢迎 be strict with 对(某人)严格

22. 24 个常用“in+其他词+of”结构 in advance of 在……前面 in aid of 帮助 in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防 in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 负责,管理 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 保卫 in explanation of 解释 in face of 面对 in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在……前面 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memory of 纪念 in need of 需要 in place of 代替 in possession of 拥有 in praise of 称赞 in respect of 关于,就……而言 in search of 寻找,搜找 in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方 in spite of 虽然,尽管 in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in view of 鉴于,考虑到 注:同时注意一下相似结构: in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in preparation for 为……作准备 in return for 作为……的报答 in reward for 作为……的报酬 in addition to 加之,除……之外 in answer to 回答,响应 in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比 in opposition to 与……相反,反对 in reply to 作为对……的回答(答复) in response to 回答,响应 in [with] reference to 关于 in [with] regard to 关于 23. 27 个带 to doing sth.的常用结构 1) .动词+介词 to+动名词 (1) admit to doing sth. 承认做了某事 (2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事 (3) object to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) see to doing sth. 负责做某事 (5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事 (6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做 某事

2) .动词+宾语+介词 to+动名词 (1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事 (2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事 (3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的 范围内 (5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 3) .动词+名词+介词 to+动名词

(1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事 (3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事 (4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事 (5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做 某事 (6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事 (7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事 4) .be+形容词+介词 to+动名词 (1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做 某事 (2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 五、高级句型结构

(3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 (5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等) 献给做某事 (6) be limited to doing sth. 把…限制在做某事的 范围内 5) .其他结构+介词 to+动名词 (1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理 某事 (2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事 (3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事 如何?

◆ It 句型 ① It will be + some time + before… It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars. ② It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth. It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts.(2008 年 湖北卷) ③ It is + 被强调部分 + that… 1) It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot. 2) Those who like reading extensively say it is through reading that we get our knowledge. ◆ more …than any other 表示最高级 Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else. ◆ 名词从句 ① It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk. ( 2004 全国 卷 Ⅲ ) ② My hometown is no longer what it used to be. ◆(非限制性)定语从句 ① The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. It is not far from Jianxin Chinese School.→ The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. (NMET 2003) ② It was quite an experience for us both, which I’ll never forget for the rest of my life. (2002 北京卷) ◆ 分词结构 ① I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well. (NMET 2001) ② We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing games, and meeting people. (2004 全国 卷Ⅱ) ③ Hearing this, a few people began to run after him.(2004 辽宁卷) ④ Born in American, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor.(2008 年湖南卷) ◆ with 结构 ① A terrible accident happened yesterday, with nine people killed and almost eighty injured.

◆ ① ②

② He was carrying a bedroll and a large bag on his shoulder, with a large suitcase in his left hand. 倒装句 The library is to the east of the teaching building. → East of the teaching building is the library. Although we are tired, we are happy.→ Tired as we are, we are happy. ③ Only in this way can he grow to be a useful man. (2002 上海卷) May all your dreams come true! May our friendship last till the end of the universe.!(2007 年湖南卷)