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新高考高三英语语法填空专题训练+答案


英语语法填空专题训练
语法填空(每篇共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,每篇满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 1—10 的相应位置。

Passage (1)
Cars are too expensive for many people around the world to own. Not only that, many cities are already full of traffic, and many country areas have rough roads. So 1 do people travel those distances that are too far to walk? They use public 2 you live, you can appreciate some of the 3 (share) one bus or train,

transportation. If you ride the subway or bus

benefits of public transportation. With many people there is less traffic and, more 4

(importance), less pollution. 5 (describe) below are you familiar with? If a regular 6 (two) the size can hold! In

Which of the types of mass transit

bus can hold dozens of people, imagine what a bus

Great Britain, there are many buses that are known as double-deckers (cars with two floors). Buses in Haiti are often very crowded. It ’s not 7 (common) for passengers to actually 8 (ride) on the

sit on the rooftops. Buses are sometimes called “tap-taps”, because the roof tap(敲击)when they want to be dropped off.

Many large cities around the world take advantage of the space beneath the streets and run underground trains. People in Paris, Mexico City and Tokyo may use the subway system to get to school, to work, or to visit friends in other and French have developed 9 (neighbor). Both the Japanese

High-speed trains to link various cities. While electric trains in

North America average 130 kph, the French TGV (high-speed-train) is the world’s fastest, 10 (average) over 270 kph! 1. how 2. where 3. sharing 4. importantly 5. described

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6. twice

7. uncommon

8. riders

9. neighborhoods

10. averaging

Passage (2)
Australia, the last continent, was discovered by ships nations in the seventeenth century. These nations were into a colony than in English 4 3 2 1 (belong) to some European (little) interested in changing it

(explore) it. As in the early history of the United States, it was the

set up the settlements in Australia. This history and the geography of these two

British colonies have some other things in common as well. Australia and the United States are about the same in size, and their western lands are both not rich 5 soil. It was on the eastern coast of Australia and America that the English first 6

settled, and both colonies soon began to develop towards the west. However, this westward (move) took place 7

because the English were searching for better land than the

population was increasing. Settlements of the west part of both countries developed quickly after gold 8 (discover) in America in 1849 and in Australia two years later. 9

Although the development of these two countries has a lot in common, there are some

(strike) differences as well. The United States gained its independence from England by revolution while Australia won its independence without having to go to war. Australia, 10 (like) the

United States, was firstly turned into a colony by English prisoners and its economic development was in wheat growing and sheep raising. By 1922, for example, Australia had fifteen times more sheep than it had people or almost half as many sheep as there are people today in the United States. Australia and the United States have more in common with each other than either one has with most of the rest of the world. 1. belonging 6. movement 2. less 7. more 3. exploring 8. was discovered
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4. who/that 9. striking

5.in 10. unlike

Passage (3)
We high school students do have some growing pains, but we can get rid of them correctly and wisely. 1 , some of us are upset 2 their body styles and looks. It’s 3

unnecessary and it’s not important at all. We needn’t care about it. It is one’s inner beauty matters. Second, we sometimes seem to be misunderstood parents and classmates. 5 4

our teachers,

(face) with this, we can find a proper time to have a 6 (understand). Some of us

heart-to-heart talk with them, trying to remove the

have fewer friends. I think being open-minded and friendly will do you good. Third, we may fall behind others, 7__ makes us stressed. Actually we can encourage 8

to work efficiently, full of___9_

__(determine). At last, some of us don’t have much pocket

money, so they feel unhappy. Isn’t it strange? So long as we have some, that’s enough. And we can learn 1. First 10 to spend money. 2. about 3. that 8. ourselves 4. by 9. determination 5. Faced 10. how

6. misunderstanding 7. which

Passage (4)
When you read a story in English, do you read it for the story This is a question 2 is not so 3 1 for the English?

(fool) as it may seem, for I find that

many students of English pay far more attention to the story than to the English. For instance, they care for how the mystery in the story 4 (solve), but do not remember a

single sentence in the story and cannot tell what preposition is used before a certain word in the speech of a certain character. Of course, if you want to know the story only, you need not language. But a student of English is different
-3-

5

(bother) about the 7

6

a student of stories or

is called the general reader. As you may also have learned from the above, you ought to read not only very carefully but also aloud can recite it as if it 9 8 10 you learn the passage by heart and hand, this will teach you many

(be) your own. On

useful words and phrases; on the other hand, it will help you to avoid many errors and faults in expression. 1. or 6. from 2. that 7. what 3. foolish 8. till 4. is solved 9. were 5.bother 10. one

Passage (5)
Just now, I entered the website “Topic for Today”. I feel 1 (interest) in the report on

middle school students’ using cell-phones on campus. In fact, more students now come to school 2 cell-phones. My schoolmates have different opinions. Some think 3 is convenient to

get in touch with others with the cell-phone, which also makes you feel safe especially in time of trouble. 4 , it is nice to enjoy various functions of different cell-phones. 6 must in school, as 7 5 think

differently. First, the cell-phone is not there, 8

are some IC phones

(make) it easy to call others. Second, many students often play e-games and send 9 will surely have bad effects on their

e-massages with their cell-phones, even in class,

study. What’s more, it will result __10___ a great waste of time and money. In my opinion, the cell-phone is a useful tool in our daily life. But it doesn’t mean we can use freely in school. 1. interested 6. an 2. with 7. there 3. it 8. making 4. Besides 9. which 5. Others 10. in

Passage (6)
“We don’t believe it. 1 until now I haven’t 4 2 (receive) even 3

smallest piece of paper reporting the real cause of
-4-

death,” said Mr Stone

5

(excited) facing the thirty representatives biggest import countries of the 8

6 British

at least twenty countries that had beef but now refused 7

been the

(have )it. When he saw no signs of anybody

(be) willing to speak out, Mr Stone got

madder, adding, “You will have to eat beef every day, won’t you? In the past, to get our beef, you ordered 9 advance, as much as you could, saying in your thank-you letter, ? without the 10 a colorless sight would be on our countrymen’s dinner

British beef we can’t imagine tables.” 1.Since 6.from 2.received 7.to have

3.a 8.being

4.the 9.in

5.Excitedly 10. what

Passage (7)
Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep __1________(need) depends on the age of the person and the conditions in _2.________ sleep takes place. The young may need more sleep than __3.________ old, but usually eight hours are enough for the health of grown-ups. Some can do with ___4_______ than this amount, but others may need more. Every person knows his own need. ___5_______ is then a matter of good judgment to satisfy his need. Sleep should always be enough to make one bring back his __6.__________ (strong) and get ready for a day’s work. Fresh air is necessary to sound sleep. So it is not __7.___________ reason for some people to think that it is practicable to sleep in the open air. A bath at bedtime, __8._________ hot nor cool but of body temperature, may be helpful_9._________ sleep. Sleep-producing drug should never be taken except when _10.________ (suggest) by a doctor. 1. needed 6. strength 2. which 7. without 3. the 8. neither
-5-

4. less 9. to

5.It 10. suggested

Passage (8)
Early one morning, more than a hundred years ago, an American inventor called Elias Howe finally fell asleep. He had been working all night on the design of a sewing machine but he had run into 1.__________ very difficult problem. It seemed impossible to get the thread to run 2.__________ (smooth) around the needle. Though he was tired, Howe slept badly. He turned and turned. Then he had a dream. He 3.__________ that he had been caught by terrible savages 4.__________ king wanted to kill him and eat him 5.__________ he could build a perfect sewing machine. When he tried to do so, Howe ran into the same problem as before. The thread kept getting caught around the needle. The king flew into the cage and ordered his soldiers to kill Howe. They came up towards him with their spears 6.__________ (raise). But suddenly the inventor noticed something. There was a 7.__________ in the tip of each spear. The inventor awoke from the dream, 8.__________ (realize) that he had just found the answer 9.__________ the problem. Instead of trying to get the thread to run around the needle, he should make 10.__________ run through a small hole in the centre of the needle. This was the simple idea that finally made Howe design and build the first really practical sewing machine. 1. a; 6. raised; 2. smoothly; 7. hole; 3. dreamt; 8. realizing; 4. whose; 9. to; 5. unless; 10. it

Passage (9)
In the past few years, quite a number of men and women have chosen to do something less competitive. They are afraid that the stress and strains of work will rob them __1___ _____ joy and happiness and __2 ______ them harm both physically and mentally.

In fact, however, stress isn’t the bad thing __3________ it is often supposed to be. Above all,
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__4______ it gets out of control, a certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and challenge, and to give purpose and significance to _5_______, otherwise meaningless, idle life. __6__________, people under stress tend to express their full range of potential and to actualize their own __7__ ______(person) worth — the very aim of a human life.

Stress is a natural part of everyday life and __8______ ___ is no way to avoid it. What we can do is __9_________(develop) our adaptive abilities to deal with it rather than to escape _10____________ it. 1 . of personal 2. do 8. there 3 that 9. to develop 4. unless 10. from 5. an 6. Moreover/ Furthermore 7.

Passage (10)
There are two main reasons 1 the temperature of the air is always 2

change) . One reason is that the air around you moves in from somewhere else . Air usually moves in large bodies 3 (call) air masses. Some air masses move in from the north. These air 4 (drop). Air masses also

masses usually have cold air that cause the temperature move in from the south. They usually have rise. 5

(warm) air that causes the temperature to

Temperature changes during the day or night can be great partly 7 how many clouds are in the sky. 8

6

small. This depends

there are many clouds during

the night, they act like tile covers on your bed. They blanket the earth and keep the air from losing much of 9 heat. The temperature usually does not drop much during such a night. 10 day, some of the sun's energy will not reach

When there are many clouds during

the earth. The temperature usually does not rise much on such a day. 1. why 2.changing 3.called 4.to drop
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5.warmer

6. or

7.on

8.When

19.its

10.the

Passage (11)
I have a friend who must be the sweetest, shyest person in the world. He is forty years old, rather short and 1 (skin), and has a thin moustache and even thinner hair on his head. 2 are small, round

Since his vision is not perfect, he wears glasses: and frameless. He always walks sideways so 3

not to inconvenience anyone. Instead of saying 4 the gap is so narrow that it will not the obstruction (障碍物) moves by itself. Stray

“Excuse me”, he prefers to glide by one side. allow him to pass, Luke waits patiently 5

dogs and cats panic him, and in order to avoid them, he constantly crosses from one side of the road to the 6 7 . very thin, subtle voice, so inaudible that it is hard to tell if he is . He has never interrupted anybody. On the other hand, he can never 9 (interrupt). This does not seem to irritate him; (be) able to utter(发出) those two words. 4. If 5. until (till)

He speaks in speaking at 8

manage more than two words without in fact, he actually appears happy 10 1. skinny 6. other 2. they 7. a 3. as 8. all

9. being interrupted 10. to have been

Passage (12)
As we all know, games play a very important role in the growth of children. Children should grow along with playing games; 1 , through playing, they can not only acquire

knowledge, but also cultivate their abilities to get along with others. However, most children are 2 ( face ) with a completely different situation. 3

Most parents fear that games will prevent children from increasing new knowledge and
-8-

the children will fail in the future examinations. So, instead of 5

4

( let ) the children

find and learn naturally from their surroundings, they force their children to take 6 piano or practising the children’s toys which are very

part in various kinds of classes, learning English, playing drawing, etc. What’s more, some parents put 7

useful in developing children’s imagination and practical abilities. 8 is a piece of good advice to those parents: 9 you want to

expect your child to be able to accomplish something, you must first of all develop his ability to adapt to the new surroundings. That cram education can lead to nothing in the children’s growth. 1. for 6. the 2. faced 7. away 3. that 8.Here 4. letting 9. if / when 5 themselves 0 but 10 a failure

Passage (13)
Vitamins are a group of substances(物质)found in food. The body needs them for life and health. So usually, many people care for the question: am I getting enough vitamins, and am I getting the right kind? Even though very small amounts of each vitamin are enough for the needs of the body, the worry people have about vitamins has some reasons. And this has to do with their __1_ the food they take in. A person eating a good variety of food get all the vitamins now __2 (know) to be needed. The problem is that there are many people who don’t ___3_ answer ___4 ___ this question is: No extra ___5_ __ foods wisely. So the __ you eat proper --___

__ are needed, ___6

foods. In fact, many of the vitamins cannot be ___7_
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__(store) in the body, so when extra

vitamins are taken in, the body simply gets rid of them. It is even ___8 much of certain vitamins into the body. This has been found to be ___9 A and D, when ___10 1.diet 6. if ___ amounts are taken in. 3. choose 8. harmful 4. to 9. true

___ (harm) to put too (truth) of vitamin

2 . known 7. stored

5. vitamins 10. large

Passage (14)
It is commonly believed that school is 1 people go to get education. However, it 2

has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The difference schooling and education suggested by this is important. Education is endless, 3

(compare) with schooling. It can take place anywhere. It 4_ whole 5 6

includes both the standard learning that takes place in schools and

universe of learning out of class. Though the experience of schooling can be known in (advanced), education quite often produces surprises. A chance talk with a

(foreign) may lead a person to discovering how little he knows of another country. People obtain education from babies on. Education, then, is a very broad and lifelong experience that starts long before the start of school. Schooling, 8 the other hand, is a basic experience, 9 style changes 7 (limit) term. It is

little from one way to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at the same time, take 10 (fix) seats, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams and so on. Schooling

has usually been limited by the edges of the subjects being taught. 1. where 6. foreigner 2. between 7. unlimited 3. compared 8. on 4. the 9. whose 5.advance 10. fixed

Passage (15)
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In Daniel Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe, the hero Crusoe is shipwrecked and washed up on a rocky shore. He soon realizes that he is alone and lacks basic (necessary) like clothing, food, and weapons. 2 1 (determine) to survive, Crusoe

salvages (打捞) what he can from the wreck and builds a shelter. Relying on his wits and capture wild goats 4 3 he can find on the island, Crusoe grows crops and meat. Although there are illness, storms, loneliness and other 5 . Years pass in this way. Then on a trip to the

hardships, Crusoe does not give

other side of the island, Crusoe sees footprints — the first sign of human life in more than five years! Almost immediately, he realizes that the cannibals (食人族)! Crusoe strengthens his fort and lives in fear of capture. At one point, he is able to overcome his fear and rescues 7 young captive from the cannibals. He names the man Friday. 6 (visit) to his island must be

Eventually, Crusoe and Friday are rescued. Today, people still read Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe, 8 9 (publish) in 1719. 10 first edition

enjoy its high adventure and its insights into the

problems of loneliness and isolation. 1. necessities 6. visitors 2.Determined 7.a 3.what 8. whose 4.for 9. was published 5.up 10. They

Passage (16)
According to the Hong Kong-based newspaper Ta Kung Pao, Jackie Chan 1

(participate) in the promotion of many famous brands of clothing, shoes and food in recent years. Several days ago, he showed the public a four-wheel drive car, taste. 3 2 4 (limit) edition his personal

is especially made

- 11 -

At the press conference in Singapore a few days ago, Jackie said that he

5

have cooperated with Parjero, but the plan was suspended (暂缓) because of the sudden death of the car 6 (design). Later he decided to work with his old partner Ralliart, one of the

brands of Mitsubishi, and finally rolled out (正式推出) this limited edition car with a storage capacity of 3,500 cubic centimeters of oil. Only 50 such cars will be available in the world. As a car fan, Jackie has participated in 7 car design himself. The car, 8

(decorate) with the symbols of “dragon”, is said to be comfortable and powerful. Jackie said that making this car was 9 (fulfill) his dream, not to make money. The price of the car has 10 status of the limited edition and different

not been announced yet due to taxation systems all over the world. 1. has participated 6. designer 2. limited 7. the

3. which 8. decorated

4. to 9. to fulfill

5. should 10. its

Passage (17)
Television is now playing a very important part in our life. But television, like many things, has both advantages and disadvantages. Do the 要) the latter? In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also comparatively cheap one. For a family of four, for example, it is 4 3 2 1

outweigh (比?更重

as well as

cheaper to sit comfortably at home, with almost unlimited entertainment available, than to go out in search of amusement elsewhere. All they have to do is 5 (press) a button, and they can see plays, films, operas, 6 8 (excite) football match. Some the danger lies. The

and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest people, 7

maintain that this is precisely

- 12 -

television viewer makes no choice and exercises no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything 1. other 6. exciting 9 2. former 7. however (present) to 3. a 8. where 10 without any effort on his part. 4. more convenient 9. presented 5. to press 10. him

Passage (18)
The president’s message to students was simple: study hard, pay attention in class and embrace the opportunity to learn. "We can have the most dedicated teachers, the most 1 (support) parents and the best schools in the 2 all of you fulfill(履行) your

world. And none of it will make a difference; none of it will matter, responsibilities," Mr. Obama said.

It was a presidential talk 3 (deliver) at a time of economic uncertainty for many American families. Mr. Obama said he understood the tensions 4 many students faced. But that was no excuse 5 neglecting

their homework or cutting class or dropping out of school. Critics of the president strongly criticized the speech as an effort by the White House to promote the president's domestic agenda. Some parents A Colorado student stayed away, education rather than the president. But 9 mother in North Carolina said she thought the 10 (speak) could have a positive impact. 6 (tell) their children to resist the address.

7 (think) their parents should be 8 to push them more in their

"When kids get to hear something about motivation from someone like that, it's fantastic," she said. 1. supportive 6. told 2. unless 7. thinking 3. delivered 8. those 4. that/which 9. a 5. for 10. speech

Passage (19)
Table manners vary from culture to culture. What is acceptable in one country
- 13 -

1

be considered extremely rude in another . Here we will tell you about the traditional table manners 2 the modern table manners in Korea . 4 3 ( tradition ), it 5 6

was the woman’s job to cook food and

( set ) the table . The woman would sit

her husband to make sure that he had everything he needed for a pleasant meal . Only

the husband finished , would the woman and her children eat . Nowadays, table manners have changed a lot. 7 of the family members eat together at the same time . It is 8 ( include ) the husband. One 9

common to see everyone help with the meal,

tradition , however, has not changed . It is that the oldest person starts the meal. ( stay ) until the oldest person is finished is considered to be of Korean table manners . 1. may 6. after 2. and 7. All 3. traditionally 8. including 4. set 9. Staying 5. by \ beside 10. a 20

basic tradition

Passage (20)
If you walked past the supermarket, you would find many foods that have been treated 1.__________ (kill) any harmful germs that might have been in them. Milk is a good example. Raw milk --- that is, milk just as it comes from the cow --- may be 2.__________ (safe) to drink. But

3.__________ the milk is heated and then cooled, the harmful germs are killed. The man 4.__________discovered this way of treating milk was a Frenchman by the name of Louis Pasteur. In the supermarket you would also find many frozen foods --- frozen fruits, vegetables, meat and fish. As techniques for 5.__________ (freeze) food are being improved, more frozen foods are appearing on the market, and more people are buying them. Fruits and vegetable to be sold in the supermarket are often frozen the moment 6._______are picked. The 7._________fruits and

- 14 -

vegetable are frozen, the better.8._______ machines are often taken into the fields where9.__________food grows, so that little time is lost 10.__________picking and freezing. 1. to kill 6. they 2.unsafe 7.sooner 3. if / when 8.Therefore 4.who 9.the 5. freezing 10.between

- 15 -


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