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江苏省南通、扬州、连云港2015届高三第二次调研(淮安三模)英语试题


南通、连云港市 2015 届高三第二次调研考试 英 语
注意事项 考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项及各题答题要求 1. 本试卷共 14 页。本次考试满分为 120 分,考试时间为 120 分钟。考试结束后,请将答题纸 (卡) 交回。 2. 答题前,请您务必将自己的姓名、考试号等用书写黑色字迹的 0.5 毫米签字笔填写在答题纸 (卡) 上。 3. 请认真核对答题纸(卡)表头规定填写或填涂的项目是否准确。 4. 作答非选择题必须用书写黑色字迹的 0.5 毫米签字笔写在答题纸(卡)上的指定位置,在其它 位 置作答一律无效。作答选择题必须用 2B 铅笔把答题纸(卡)上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动, 请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。

第一部分听力(共两节,满分 20 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的 答案转涂到答题 卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有 关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man advise the woman to do? A. Collect her books. B. Throw out her books. C. Give away her books. 2. When does the woman want to go to the museum? A. Right after breakfast. B. After her mother leaves. C. Before she goes shopping. 3. What does the man really think of Twitter? A. Inconvenient. B. Modem. C. Out-of-date. 4. What is the woman trying to do? A. Create a game. B. Send an email. C. Strengthen her memory. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. A photo. B. The man?s brother. C. The woman?s hair. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出

最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅 读各个小题,每小题 5 秒 钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独 白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Who is the man waiting for? A. His girlfriend. B. His sister. C. His wife. 7. Where does this conversation most likely take place? A. At a concert. B. At a cinema. C. At a railway station. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why did the woman call the man? A. To cancel a booking. B. To make a reservation. C. To change her trip. 9. When is the woman likely to be free? A. In February. B. In March. C. In half a year. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. When did the man place the order online? A. Two days ago. B. Last week. C. Ten days ago. 11. What information does the woman ask for? A. The order number. B. The shipping address. C. The phone number. 12. How does the man probably feel in the end? A. Excited. B. Worried. C. Frustrated. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Why is the woman moving? A. To save money. B. To build a career. C. To escape cold weather. 14. What happened to the clubs in San Francisco? A. They were burned down. B. They were pulled down. C. They were turned into restaurants. 15. Where does the woman?s family live mostly? A. In Philadelphia.

B. In New York. C. In San Francisco. 16. What is the woman?s dream? A. Becoming famous. B. Getting married. C. Attending performances. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What attracts most tourists to Mexico City? A. Delicious food. B. Various activities. C. Colorful nightlife. 18. Why does the speaker mainly suggest walking around? A. To do shopping. B. To kill time. C. To talk with people. 19. What can you do in Mexico City? A. Visit some pyramids. B. Satisfy your appetite. C. Meet various visitors. 20. What is the purpose of this talk? A. To inform students of the city. B. To encourage people to visit. C. To introduce a different culture.

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分)
第 一 节 单 项 填 空 ( 共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

28. —A new bridge is reported______ across the river in your hometown. —Yes, and it brings us great convenience. A. to be building B. to be built C. to have built D. to have been built 29. —I hear a Tibetan student in your school______ and that you?ve raised money for him. —Well, the doctors are considering a conservative therapy. A. was operated on B. will be operated on C. is being operated on D. has been operated on 30. All the photos in the report are provided by the Students ? Union, unless otherwise______. A. noted B. being noted C. to be noted D. having been noted 31. More and more people go jogging in the morning, ______ benefits for health arise from the air rich in oxygen. A. which B. that C. whose D. who 32. Students? active performances in class will be the new normal ______ teachers give them more chances. A. although B. once C. until D. since 33. Dogs barked madly while fish jumped out of water. In no time ______ as a prediction of a coming earthquake. A. the phenomena were noticed B. the phenomena was noticed C. were the phenomena noticed D. was the phenomena noticed 34. The school took the students ? request into consideration that a party______ be held to celebrate the victory. A. could B. might C. would D. should 35. —Mum, my coach says I?m doing well in the training. —______? You still have a long way to go. A. Why not B. So what C. How so D. Where to 第 二 节 完 形 填 空 ( 共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选 项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I love roller coasters. If I could ride roller coasters every day for the rest of my life I would die a really 36 man. I will stand in line for 40 minutes just to get on a ride that lasts 30 seconds. Each step that I take brings me closer and closer to my 37 of going on a ride of a lifetime. The 38 has me skipping around like a 4 year old. But during my first ride there, that kind of thrill turned to absolute 39 when I made it to the front. 40 waiting in line I was now having a second thought. Quietly, I negotiated within myself about my courage to go through with this 41. From far away it looked 42 but when I was about to get in the driver?s seat I 43 I forgot my license. After some self motivation I finally made the move to 44 my seat. On my way up I could clearly see the ups and downs 45 me. To me they were not only the route but also 46 challenges. Soon the track was full of such 47 tunnels that I could see only what was behind me but not in front. 48 there were people around me with both of their hands in the 49 while I, knowing that things were going to get 50 grasped the handle on my seat. I wouldn?t dare celebrate something that 51 me. Just like roller coasters, 52 is full of ups and downs, darkness and light, and is unpredictable when we go through various 53 situations. The best thing to do when we meet anything 54 is to lift our hands and 55 whatever we do. 28. A. old B. happy C. brave D. unusual

29. A. tension 38. A. excitement 39. A. patience 40. A. Unless 41. A. competition 42. A. fun 43. A. regretted 44. A. take 45. A. behind 46. A. mental 47. A. narrow 48. A. Unluckily 49. A. gloves 50. A. vague 51. A. confused 52. A. life 53. A. social 54. A. uncertain 55. A. evaluate

B. hardship B. expectation B. anger B. Though B. commitment B. small B. realized B. quit B. beneath B. intellectual B. dark B. Oddly B. pockets B. strange B. astonished B. entertainment B. unexpected B. uncomfortable B. complete

C. motivation C. pleasure C. desire C. After C. debate C. normal C. pretended C. reserve C. beside C. technical C. long C. Nervously C. air C. boring C. annoyed C. dream C. serious C. challenging C. adore

D. opportunity、 D. anxiety D. fear D. Upon D. experiment D. mysterious D. admitted D. change D. before D. environmental D. roundabout D. Disappointingly D. seat D. rough D. terrified D. ride D. general D. exciting D. enjoy

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

The Collection The Portrait Gallery?s collection is an exceptional national resource of over 30,000 fascinating images containing a rich variety of media and including many internationally outstanding works of art. The portraits depict (刻画)the men and women whose lives and achievements helped shape Scotland and the wider world. The Gallery is also home to the NGS ? s outstanding collection of photographs which includes around 6,000 works by the early Scottish pioneers of the medium, Robert Adamson and David Octavius Hill as well as new works by leading-edge contemporary photographers. Visitor Facilities

The new Portrait Gallery cafe serves a delicious menu of fresh dishes and classic recipes, using the very best local ingredients and seasonal produce. Our new shop offers a fresh twist on design—led gifts and souvenirs. The Gallery now has all the facilities which today?s visitors expect, including a fantastic new lift, an Education suite and disabled access throughout the building. 56. What do we learn about the Scottish National Portrait Gallery? A. Every display reflects Scotland. B. It is well-known for its building. C. There are about 6,000 works in it. D. It has a comparatively short history. 57. Its visitor facilities can be described as ________. A. rare and user-friendly B. characteristic and attractive C. modern and all-round D. beneficial and conventional B Consumers everywhere are faced with the same dilemma: given limited resources, what sorts of purchases are most likely to produce lasting happiness and satisfaction? Recent research has confirmed that experiential purchases tend to produce greater hedonic (享乐的)gains than material purchases. The reason why experiences improve with time may be because it is possible to think about experiences in a more abstract manner than possessions. For example, if you think back to a fantastic summer from your youth, you might easily remember an abstract sense of warm sunshine and youthful exuberant (生气勃勃), but you're less likely to remember exactly what you did day-by-day. Material possessions are harder to think about in an abstract sense. The car you bought is still a car, that great new jacket you picked up cheap is still just a jacket. It?s more likely the experience of that summer has taken on a symbolic meaning that can live longer in your memory than a possession. Purchasing may have a negative impact on happiness because consumers often buy “joyless” material possessions, resulting in comfort but not pleasure. In general, people adapt to experiences more slowly than to material purchase. This can be seen in both negative and positive purchases: hedonic adaptation would result in a positive experience causing more happiness but a negative experience causing less happiness than the comparable material purchase with the same initial happiness level. Experience, however, seems to be more resistant to these sorts of unfavourable comparisons. It is because of the unique nature of experience. It?s more difficult to make an unfavourable comparison when there is nothing directly comparable. After all, each of our youthful summers is different. It?s well established that social comparisons can have a huge effect on how we view what might seem like positive events. One striking example is the finding that people prefer to earn $50,000 a year while everyone else earns $25,000, instead of earning $100,000 themselves and having other people earn $200,000. A similar effect is seen for possessions. When there are so many flat-screen HD TVs to choose from, it's easy to make unfavourable comparisons between our choice and the others available. 58. An abstract sense in the passage refers to awareness of something __________. A. you cannot think about C. you cannot understand B. you can? t remember well D. you cannot see or touch B. an exhibition before going to a park D. a market before going to a restaurant

59. If you make an experiential purchase before a material purchase, you may go to__________. A. a theatre before going to a store C. a mall before going to a grocer's

60. The example of earnings is given to actually indicate__________.

A. how ridiculous people are C. how nearsighted people are

B. how people feel content D. how people hold prejudice

61. It is implied in the passage that, after their material purchases, people might__________. A. enjoy their ownership of what they have bought B. pick every fault in the products they have got C. regret making a wrong decision to buy the items D. leave what they?ve purchased untouched at home C In a unique research cooperation between Stratasys, Education, R&D departments and MIT?s Self-Assembly Lab, a new process is being developed, known as 4D Printing. The 4D printing concept, which allows materials to “self-assemble (自行组装)” into 3D structures, was initially proposed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty member Skylar Tibbits. Tibbits and his team combined a strand (缕) of plastic with a layer made out of “smart” material that could self-assemble in water. They advanced this concept by creating materials that can change into several different complicated shapes, though this kind of material remains the bottleneck of 4D technology. To many people that are just starting to get used to the idea of 3D printers, the name 4D is causing confusion because they cannot understand where this fourth “dimension” coming from. 4D technology shares many of the same principles of 3D printing and is essentially still about creating a new, 3D structure out of certain component; however, Tibbits states the fourth dimension at work here comes from concept of the fourth dimension of time. The difference between these 3D and 4D creations is that these new forms have the ability to transform and adapt over time. 4D printing works through self-assembly — a system where “disordered elements form an “ordered” structure via an interaction. With these 4D printed materials, these disordered materials are strands or sheets of specially designed materials. Environmental changes then stimulate (刺激) a response from them so that they form a preprogrammed shape. The idea of having adaptable technology that only relies on energy and non-human interactions raises some interesting questions about where 4D printing can be used and the practical applications in dangerous environments. This could mean improved infrastructures in extreme conditions, leading to a reduced need for workers to put themselves at risk, but the potential goes even further than that. The technology promises exciting new possibilities for a variety of applications. A solar panel or similar product could be produced in a flat shape onto which functional devices can be easily installed. It could then be changed to a compact shape for packing and shipping. After arriving at its destination, the product could be stimulated to form a different shape that serves its function. Also it could be used to build furniture, bikes, cars and even buildings. As with many of the ideas being put forward, it is easy to go a step too far into the extreme, but this just shows the potential of 4D in comparison to 3D. The next stage for the research is to move from printing single strands to sheets and eventually whole structures. And water need not be the process ? s only energy source. 62. Which of the following displays the fourth dimension of 4D printing? A. 4D printing creates a new, 3D structure out of certain component. B. 4D technology reduces need for workers to put themselves at risk. C. 4D technology can be used in many more fields than 3D printing. D. 4D printed materials reshape themselves with conditions changing. 63. The major problem concerning the development of 4D printing lies in__________. A. producing essential 4D printers B. creating proper smart materials

C. providing a suitable environment D. promoting practical applications 64. What does the passage lead you to believe? A. 4D printing will take the place of 3D printing in the near future. B. Most aspects of our daily life can be affected by 4D printing. C. 4D printing will benefit humans by saving labor somehow. D. Smart materials can be transformed into other types of material. 65. It can be inferred from the passage that__________. A. electricity is not used in 4D technology B. 4D printing has been applied in industry C. more potential of 4D is to be discovered D Dear Textual Healing, I would be very interested in your recommendations for any books to help me through a difficult time of my life. At 57, f am feeling a bit lost. I have a wonderful, loving husband and bright, caring teenage daughter but I am lonely and have lost my spark for life. I have always taken care of everyone and managed a career, but, after the death of my father this summer, my difficulties as a child in a terribly abnormal family have come back to me regularly. / have become unfocused and often alone while my husband is away frequently on business and my daughter busy with school and friends. I am seeking the help of a therapist and taking care of myself but I would love to read something to help me “get my groove (理想状况)back” and reengage with life. PC Dear PC, From the letter you?ve given us about your life, it?s no wonder you?re feeling a little lost. But before prescribing titles to help you get your groove back, I?d recommend taking a journey into Rebecca Solnit?s non-fiction book, A Field Guide to Getting Lost, which is packed with the wisdom of everyone from Pat Barker to Thoreau and Keats. The word lost is rooted in the Old Norse “los”,meaning the disbanding of an army. “This origin suggests soldiers falling out of formation to go home, ceasing fighting with the wide world. I worry now that many people never disband their armies, never go beyond what they know,” Solnit writes. So instead of fearing that lost feeling, try seeing its potential for discovery. Explorers, remember, are always lost simply because they?re forever someplace new. “Leave the door open for the unknown, the door into the dark,” Solnit advises. “That?s where the most important things come from, where you yourself came from, and where you will go.” For something that asks a little less of the reader while still giving plenty in return, try a dose (―剂)of Anne Tyler, the beloved creator of numerous heroes whose serious conditions will move anyone who finds themselves in a midlife difficult situation. One such character is 53-year-old Rebecca Davitch, the heroine of Back When We Were Grownups. Like you, she?s combined marriage and motherhood with a career but suddenly finds herself feeling lonely in her own home. Could it be, she wonders, that she?s “turned into the wrong person"? Don't be fooled by the way this novel ambles along — as Rebecca revisits youthful ambitions and the college boyfriend she abandoned, it asks some heart-rending questions before arriving at a place of graceful, joyous acceptance. Along similar lines, I'm also going to recommend The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry by Rachel Joyce. Its hero is 65 when he learns that a former colleague sick. On his way to post her a note,he decides instead to visit her— on foot, from his home in deepest Devon to England's northernmost town, more than 600 miles away. You don?t manage that

without focus! It?s a journey to a holy place that will take him 87 days to complete, during which he considers his childhood, marriage and relationship with his son, and becomes an accidental media sensation (轰动). By the time he reaches his destination, you?ll feel anything but tired. Finally, Ruth Ozeki?s novel A Tale for the Time Being will charm the missing spark back into your life. Combining the diary of a sad Tokyo teenager with the story of the middle-aged novelist who finds it, washed ashore on a remote island off the coast of British Columbia, it?s a beautiful illustration of how our lives touch — and are touched by — others in ways we mightn't even be aware of. This Man Booker Prize finalist has plenty to teach about Zen Buddhism, and unless you happen to live in one of its settings, it provides a bracing change of scene, too. One other suggestion: books, as we all know, make great companions but that doesn't mean they can?t be enjoyed in the company of others. If you find yourself home alone, why not slip one into your back pack and head out to a favourite café . 66. What has mainly led to PC?s negative attitude to life? A. The lack of helpful books. B. The blow of her father?s death. C. The contrast between her devotion to others and her being ignored. D. The contrast between her easy life and her family members busy life. 67. By mentioning the origin of the word lost, Textual Healing implies that__________. A. PC should extend her knowledge by reading more B. PC should stop struggling with anyone around her C. PC had better try to avoid going someplace new D. PC oughtn?t to be trapped in her present situation 68. Who clarifies the idea in his/her work that people are socially related? A. Rebecca Solnit. C. Rachel Joyce. A. typical B. persuasive B. Anne Tyler. D. Ruth 0zeki. C. enjoyable D. extraordinary

69. The character Rebecca Davitch is mentioned by Textual Healing because her experience is__________. 70. Which of the following can be the proper title? A. Which books will cure loneliness? B. How can you get rid of loneliness? C. Here are good examples for you D. Books will keep you busy and healthy 第四部分任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当 的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。

Novel is typically written in a narrative (叙事) style and presented as a book. Novels tell stories, in which the characters and events are usually imaginary. The novel has been a part of human culture for over a thousand years, although its origins are somewhat debated. Regardless of how it began, the novel has

remained one of the most popular and treasured examples of human culture and writing. It remains an essential part of the literary cultures of nearly all societies around the world. Novella is classified as “Too short to be a novel,too long to be a short story”. There is no precise definition in terms of word or page count. Literary prizes and publishing houses often have their own arbitrary limits, which vary according to their particular intentions. A short story is different from novels or novellas in that the plot is usually tied to one single chain of events. Because the reader must identify with a character quickly to become engaged, the tale is often told from the chief character?s point of view. A drama refers to a play for the theatre,television or radio. It generally consists of chiefly dialogue between characters. It also uses dance to convey their message. Dramas usually aim at dramatic performance rather than at reading. In theater, a drama is presented by actors to an audience. Good literary works depend on literary techniques. A literary technique can be used by authors in order to improve the written framework of a piece of literature, and produce specific effects. Literary techniques include a wide range of approaches to crafting a work. The ability to let readers know what might happen in the future in an indirect way is possible through the technique foreshadowing. The practice of representing objects and qualities as human beings in literature is personification. Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas. Literature Definitions of literature have kept (71) __________all the time. Definitions of literature They are connected with (72) __________ Among them are “books and writing”, “ ?imaginative? literature” and “written or spoken material”. Poetry, with rhyme, uses unusual word order in lines, which may be a barrier to see what it (74) __________ (73) ▲of literature A novel takes the form of a book, talking about what is (75) __________up by the writer. The novella, as for length, exists (76) __________the novel and short story. A short story tells a comparatively (77) __________story compared with novels and novellas. Dramas are performed rather than read, with the ideas expressed either orally or (78) __________. Give a warning or sign of a (79) __________event by using the technique called foreshadowing. Literary techniques When personification is used, something without (80) __________is treated as if it were a human being. Symbolism is the practice of representing things by means of symbols.

第五部分书面表达(满分 25 分)
81.请根据你对以下图的理解,以“Playing a trick or working hard?”为题,用英语写一篇作文。

你的作文应包括以下内容: 1. 简要描述该图的内容; 2. 概述你对该图中做法的理解; 3. 举例说明该图对你的启示。 注意: 1. 可参照图画适当发挥; 2. 作文词数 150 左右; 3. 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。 Playing a trick or working hard?


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