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上海市2016高考英语二轮复习 完形填空练习(5)


完形填空练习(5)
完形填空 I met Ryan,a young man with cerebral palsy (脑瘫),in my biology class. My simple “Hello!” and his cheerful reply were the__1__to our friendship from the first day of school. There was a time when Ryan was not able to come to school. He was in a great deal of__2__after having a surgery on his legs,but he__3__his sufferings from everyone. In our junior year, we found that we didn’t __4__a single class. This was not a problem, though. We just talked a little more in the hallway__5__the break. That year seemed to fly by. One day,Ryan asked me to hold the torch (火炬) runner’s flag that would__6__the spot where Ryan would__7__his Olympic torch run. He gently explained that he would be honored __8__I would accept this position for him. The Olympic committee sent a letter saying that the person that holds the flag for him must be someone__9__to him. He said I was the only true friend he had__10__made that talked to him and not to his wheel chair. How could I__11__such a request? On the morning of June 5th,as I walked down the sidewalk,my heart__12__and my mind became a factory of questions. I kept wondering how everything was going to happen and how Ryan would__13__the huge crowd of thousands of people. After the van arrived,the other runners got out and lined up outside the van,chanting his name,“Ryan!Byan!” Then all of the people__14__in,“Ryan!Ryan!” The lift then lowered Ryan to the ground. There he was,in all his__15__. It all became slow motion at the sight of the arriving torch. The runner lit Ryan’s torch and then Ryan began his__16__.As he took off down the street,the chanting became louder and louder.The__17__filled the air and I felt I was on cloud nine. I could not have been any prouder of Ryan!He__18__this moment—a historic moment —a moment that he was a part of and__19__me to be a part of,too. Mr Weinheimer,the next torch runner,bent over and gave Ryan a hug. That moment will last in time forever.It symbolized the whole__20__of the flame:love,excitement, enthusiasm,brotherhood,and life of any man. The flame united us all and showed that love is really what makes this small world go around after all. 【语篇解读】 本文通过讲述“我”与 Ryan 的交往以及 Ryan 在火炬接力时人们对他的帮助 和支持,说明了爱心让这个小小的世界运转起来。 1.A.solutions B.keys

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C.routes

D.responses

解析 根据文章内容可知,“我”和 Ryan 的友谊始于“我”简单的问候和他快乐的回应, 也就是说这打开了我们之间友谊的大门,因此选 keys。 答案 B 2.A. danger C.pain B.fear D.puzzle

解析 他刚做完腿部的手术,因此选 pain 疼痛。 答案 C 3.A. hid C.released B.prevented D.relieved

解析 尽管如此,他还是对大家都隐瞒了,因此选 hid。prevent 阻止;release 释放; relieve 缓解,均不符合语境。 答案 A 4.A. change C.attend B.miss D.share

解析 根据 4 空的后面两句内容可知,三年级时我们不在同一个班上课,因此选 share。 答案 D 5.A. except C.during B.for D.before

解析 我们只能在课间休息期间在走廊里交谈。during the break 表示“课间休息期间”。 答案 C 6.A. mark C.number B.test D.decorate

解析 Ryan 参加了奥运会火炬接力,他让“我”举着旗站在标志着他开始进行火炬接力 的地方。mark 表示“标志”,符合语境。 答案 A 7.A. cover C.continue 解析 begin 开始,符合语境。 答案 B 8.A. while C.if B.although D.unless B.begin D.lead

解析 Ryan 在请求“我”的时候,并不能肯定“我”会同意,因此选 if。 答案 C
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9.A. polite C.grateful

B.kind D.important

解析 那个为他举旗的人必须是对他来说重要的人,因此选 important。 答案 D 10.A. ever C.also B.never D.even

解析 他说“我”在任何时候都是他唯一的真正的朋友。ever 表示“在任何时候”,符 合语境。 答案 A 11.A. admit C.make B.refuse D.repeat

解析 根据下文可知“我”没有拒绝他的请求,因此选 refuse。 答案 B 12.A. ached C.stopped B.raced D.sank

解析 根据 12 空后面的“a factory of questions”可知,“我”想了很多问题,“我” 的心跳加速。race 表示“(因害怕、兴奋而)急速跳动,快速转动”。 答案 B 13.A. explain to C.respond to B.differ from D.call on

解析 “我”想知道他面对这么多人会作出怎样的反应。respond to“对??作出反应 或应对”,符合语境。 答案 C 14.A. joined C.poured B.stepped D.broke

解析 根据上文可知,此处应选 joined,表示“所有人都加入”。 答案 A 15.A. potential C.glory B.preference D.surprise

解析 Ryan 在人们的欢呼声中隆重登场,因此选 glory。 答案 C 16.A .training C.life B.journey D.struggle

解析 journey“旅行”,在此用来表示“火炬接力的一段行程”。
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答案 B 17.A.anxiety C.harmony B.satisfaction D.excitement

解析 此情此景,人们能够感受到的当然是兴奋了,“我”高兴极了。on cloud nine 表 示“极为高兴”。 答案 D 18.A.deserved C.treasured B.recalled D.chose

解析 他应该得到这一刻,故选 deserved,表示“应该得到”。recall 回忆;treasure 珍惜;choose 选择,均不符合语境。 答案 A 19.A.promised C.allowed B.encouraged D.followed

解析 这个时刻让“我”也感觉到了自己就是其中的一员。allow 允许,准许,符合语境。 答案 C 20.A.mystery C.information B.power D.meaning

解析 根据冒号后面的内容可知,此处应选 meaning,表示“它将火炬接力的含义表示出 来”。 答案 D

完形填空填空练习 完形填空。阅读下面短文.从短文后各题所给的四个选项《A、B. C 和 D》中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项。 (2011·新课标卷) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory __1__ course about 20 years ago. The professor __2__ the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans (豆), and invited the students to __3__ how many beans the jar contained. After __4__ shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professo r smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __5__ answer, and went on saying, “You have just __6__ an important lesson about science. That is:Never __7__ your own senses.”

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Twenty years later, the __8__ could guess what the professor had in mind. He __9__ himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting __10__ into an unknown world invisible (无形的) to the __11__, which can be discovered only through scientific __12__. But the seventeen?year?old girl could not accept or even __13__ the invitation. She was just __14__ to understand the world. And she __15__ that her firsthand experience could be the __16__. The professor, however, said that it was __17__. He was taking away her only __18__ for knowing and was providing her with no subsitute (替代). “I remember feeling small and __19__,” the woman says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I __20__ the course that afternoon, and I haven't gone near science since.” 本文通过一节科学课,向人们显示了教育是如何帮助人们成功的,并且这堂课向学生显 示了人们不能凭感觉做事,对于一些无形的东西,只能通过科学方法才能发现。 1.A.art C.science B.history D.math

答案:C。从第二段第 6 空后可知,此处应填 science。science course 科学课。 2.A.searched for C.got through B.looked at D.marched into

答案:D。教授走进演讲大厅。search for 寻找;look at 看; get through 完成,打通; march into 走进。根据句意 D 项正确。 3.A.count C.report B.guess D.watch

答案:B。教授让学生们猜猜缸里有多少豆子。count 数;guess 猜;report 报告;watch 看,观看,因为豆子装在缸里,同学们只有猜一下有多少。并且 4 空后出现了 guess 一词。 4.A.warning C.turning away B.giving D.listening to

答案:D。根据上下文意思可知,同学们喊出答案,教授听到他们错误的猜测,而笑了。 5.A.ready C.correct B.possible D.difficult

答案:C。因同学们的答案错误,所以教授给出正确答案,correct 与 wrong 相对。 6.A.learned C.taught B.prepared D.taken

答案:A。你们学到了关于科学的重要一课。learn...about...学会关于??的知识。 prepare 准备;teach 教;take 拿走。 7.A.lose B.trust
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C.sharpen

D.show

答案:B。根据上文可知,同学们凭感觉给出了错误的答案,所以教授说:永远不要相信 自己的感觉。lose 失去;trust 相信;sharpen 变锋利;show 显示。 8.A.lecturer C.speaker B.scientist D.woman

答案:C。此处指上文提到 the woman,也就是指说上面的人,因此填 speaker。 9.A.described C.saw B.respected D.served

答案:C。describe 描述;respect 尊敬;see 看见;serve 服务。当他鼓励他的学生对 未知世界进行有趣的航行时,他自己看到了。 10.A.voyage C.change B.movement D.rush

答案:A。voyage 航行;movement 运动;change 改变;rush 冲刺。根据 9 空解析,A 项 正确。 11.A.professor C.knowledge B.eye D.light

答案:B。未知世界对人眼来说是无形的,故 B 项正确。 12.A.model C.spirit B.senses D.methods

答案:D。未知世界只有通过科学方法才能发现。model 模型;sense 感官,感觉;spirit 精神;method 方法。 13.A.hear C.present B.make D.refuse

答案:A。17 岁的女孩不能接受,甚至也不听他的激励。hear 听;make 成为;present 呈现;refuse 拒绝。 14.A.suggesting C.pretending B.beginning D.waiting

答案:B。对于一个 17 岁的女孩来说,她只是刚刚开始理解这个世界。begin to do sth. 开始干某事。 15.A.believed C.proved B.doubted D.explained

答案:A。她相信她的第一手经验就是对的。 believe 相信;double 怀疑;prove 证明; explain 解释。 16.A.growth B.strength
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C.faith

D.truth

答案:D。growth 成长;strength 力气;faith 信仰;truth 正确。根据 15 题的解释 D 项正确。 17.A.firm C.wrong B.interesting D.acceptable

答案:C。由 however 可知此处表转折,尽管她认为她的想法是对的,但是教授认为她的 想法是不对的。firm 坚定的;interesting 有趣的;wrong 错误的;acceptable 可接受的。 18.A.task C.success B.tool D.connection

答案:B。从上文可知这个小女孩凭经验,凭感觉来了解世界,而教授认为不对,因此教 授把她了解世界的途径、工具拿走了。 19.A.cruel C.frightened B.proud D.brave

答案:C。根据下文可知,这个女孩再也没有听教授上课,表示教授的做法和观点使得她 害怕了。cruel 残酷的;proud 自豪的;frightened 害怕的;brave 勇敢的。 20.A.dropped C.passed B.started D.missed

答案:A。因为害怕,所以下午就没来上课。drop 在此表示“辍学”。miss“错过”。

完形填空填空练习 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 Night after night, my mother came to my bed, even long after my childhood years. She would 1 down and push my long hair out of the way, and then kiss my forehead.

I don’t remember when it first started 2 me-her hands pushing my hair that way, for they felt work-worn and rough 3 my young skin. Finally , one night, I shouted out at her, “Don’t do that any more-your hands are too rough!” she made no 4 and left quietly. 5 .

But never again did my mother do it with that familiar expression of her With the passing years, my I

6 returned to that night time after time. By then

7 my mother’s hands and her goodnight kiss. Sometimes the incident seemed very 9 in the back of my mind.
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8 , sometimes far away, but always it was

The years have passed, and I’m not a little girl any more. Mom is in her seventies, and those hands I once 10 to be so rough are still doing things for me and my family.

Now, Mom no longer has Dad and lives 11 . One night on Thanksgiving Eve, I found myself 12 to her house to spend the night with her. As I slept in the bedroom of my youth, a familiar hand hesitantly ran across my face to forehead. Then a 13 the hair from my

14 , ever so gently , touched my forehead. I burst into tears. 15 the night my young voice complained. I was for that night. I thought

In my memory, thousands of times, I

Catching Mom’s hand in hand, I told her how 16

she’d remember 17 I did. But Mom didn’t know what I was talking about. She had already forgotten and 18 long ago.

That night, I fell asleep with a new 19 for my gentle mother and her caring hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was 20 to be found.

( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

) 1.A.lie ) 2.A.annoying ) 3.A.along ) 4.A.reply ) 5.A.pity ) 6.A.feelings ) 7.A.missed ) 8.A.strange ) 9.A.stressed

B.bend B.astonishing B.above B.promise B.sadness B.opinions B.forgot B.close B.existed

C.look C.delighting C.against C.request C.apology C.spirits C.held C.serious C.hidden C.reminded C.alone C.moved C.brush C.press C.realized C.angry C.why

D.fall D.disappointing D.aside D.agreement D.love D.thoughts D.shook D.common D.exposed D.complained D.long D.stayed D.take D.hand D.recalled D.nervous D.as
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) 10.A.expected B.changed ) 11.A.yet ) 12.A.drawn ) 13.A.cut ) 14.A.tear B.away B.carried B.wash B.kiss

) 15.A.returned B.remembered ) 16.A.sorry ) 17.A.when B.happy B.how

( ( (

) 18.A.disappeared B.forgiven

C.apologized

D.abandoned D.appreciation D.anyhow

) 19.A.imagination B.inspiration C.decoration ) 20.A.still B.soon C.nowhere

答案: 1—20 BACAD 1.B DABCB CACBD ADBDC

bent down 意即:母亲在床边俯身,

2. A “when it first started annoying me?” 句中的 it 指母亲捋我头发这事,母亲这 一举动使我不高兴。 3. C 母亲的手抚摸我,我感到粗糙。against 有 touching 之意。 4. A 我冲母亲叫,她没回应。这里用 reply promise : 诺言;request: 要求;agreement: 同意 5. D 根据上下文,这里的意思是:母亲表达的是一种爱。 6. D 我几年之后又想到那晚的情景,think 的名词是 thoughts;feelings: 感情,心情, 7. A 我怀念母亲的手。missed: 想念,惦记 8. B 儿时发生的那件事在我的记忆中时而近时而远,但总是内心挥之不去的愧疚。close 与 后文的 far away 有关。 9. C 句中的 it 指“愧疚”,它始终在我心中。be hidden in 隐藏在??; exist 是不及物 动词搭配不对 10.B “I once changed to be so rough”是定语从句修饰 hands, 这里的意思是:我使母 亲的手变得粗糙,因为母亲为我操劳了许多。 11. C 父亲去世后,母亲单独生活。后文有?to her house to spend the night with her 12. A drawn to her house: 自己被母爱所“吸引” 13. C 把挡住额头的头发梳了过去。 brush one’s hair:梳头发 14. B 母亲吻了我。 15. D recall:回忆;returned:返回;归还; remembered:记住; realized:意识到。I recalled the night.. 意即:I thought of the night? 16. A sorry 一词与愧疚有关。其余的选项与上下文意思不符。 17. D as I did 是一个表方式的状语,像我一样记得那事。 18. B forgotten and forgiven 说的是母亲忘了,原谅了我。. abandoned:被放弃[扔弃, 遗弃]了的。
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19. D 这里说的是作者对母亲的手产生了一种新的“感激” 20. C 母女情深,这时我感到得到了母爱的包容,因而我的愧疚荡然无存。

完形填空填空练习 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 The Florida sun baked my shoulders as I worked along the I-595 freeway near Fort Lauderdale, picking up rubbish. I paused to 1 up at the cloudless blue sky. “ 2 things down. I thought about my 4 , who were probably sitting in an air-conditioned 5 6 my parents decided to let me 7 of a maintenance the sweat off my forehead and look 3

can’t it rain?” I thought. That would

right now. I’d had some problems in school,

full-time with my dad, We both worked for my uncle, who had taken 8 (道路养护)company. It was up to us to keep the roads 9 10 11 and dirty, especially on hot days this. I wondered why I ever agreed to do it. We continued our 12 route along the I-595, 13

of rubbish. The job was

for the overpass bridge. Then

I noticed an area where some 14 before.

were broken on the ground. It wasn’t like that

“Dad! Pull over! I want to 15

something out.”

I jumped off the truck and rushed to the bridge. Something was telling me to 16 ?there wasn’t much time. 17 I saw a Toyota that 18 upside down in the tree.

Maybe it was a stolen car that somebody 19 20

there, I thought. Then, just at that

, I noticed something moving. It was a bloody leg poking out of the driver’s

side window! “Heeeelp!” a lady moaned. ( ( ( ( ) 1. A.wipe ) 2. A.When ) 3. A.turn ) 4. A.parents B.cut B.How B.keep B.school-times C.Why C.put D.Where C.make C.friends D.cool D.school yards
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D.send

( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

) 5. A.office ) 6. A.but ) 7. A.work ) 8. A.business ) 9. A.away ) 10. A.easy ) 11. A.for ) 12. A.regular ) 13. A.reaching ) 14. A.cars ) 15. A.check ) 16. A.decide ) 17. A.Above ) 18. A.hung ) 19. A.stored ) 20. A.bridge

B.classroom B.or B.study B.possession B.from B.lonely B.like B.common B.going B.bottles B.help B.hurry B.Behind B.trapped B.deserted B.tree

C.restaurant C.for C.stay C.position

D.living room D.so D.spend D.place D.clear

C.far C.smelly C.after C.unusual C.looking C.branches C.take C.consider C.Ahead C.caught C.lost C.moment

D.noisy D.as D.normal D.heading D.glasses D.bring D.stop D.Below D.fell D.hid D.way

答案解析 1.【答案】A 【解析】根据后面的宾语 sweat 可知答案,wipe 擦。 2.【答案】C 【解析】天热,活脏,因此作者希望下雨。此处用特殊疑问句 why 表达作者渴望下雨的心情。 3.【答案】D 【解析】下雨可以使万物凉爽下来。 4.【答案】C 【解析】根据后面的定语从句可排除 B,D,作者的父亲和他在一起工作,故排除 A 项。另外, 下文也提到了作者在学校时的情形。 5.【答案】B 【解析】此处作者通过回忆自己的同学在教室上课的情形与自己工作环境形成鲜明的对比。 后文也解释了作者辍学参加工作的原因。 6.【答案】D
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【解析】此句与上一句为因果关系。 7.【答案】A 【解析】结合后文作者的工作性质可知,和父亲一起为叔叔工作。 8.【答案】B 【解析】take possession of 拥有,掌管。 9.【答案】D 【解析】作者的工作就是清除路上的垃圾,保持路面清洁。 10.【答案】C 【解析】根据作者的工作(picking up rubbish)可知,这项工作既脏,气味也难闻,尤其 是在夏天的时候。 11.【答案】B 【解析】第一段提到了这一天很热,像这么热的天,清理垃圾这种工作一定又脏又难闻。 12.【答案】A 【解析】regular 通常的,例行的。作者的工作是清理路面,这个工作具有反复性,即同一线 路要定期清理。 13.【答案】D 【解析】head for 朝??驶去。结合前一句话可知,作者正往天桥驶去。 14.【答案】C 【解析】后文所列举的事故是一辆丰田汽车倒挂在树上。 因此,树枝被折断散落在地上。 15.【答案】A 【解析】check?out:检查。作者把车停到路边检查发生了什么事。 16.【答案】B 【解析】根据后一句话 there wasn’t much time 可知答案。 17.【答案】D 【解析】作者在高速路上工作,汽车落在树上应是坠落。 18.【答案】A 【解析】汽车倒挂在了树上。fall 下落,强调动作。如选 B,C 应该用被动语态。 19.【答案】B 【解析】desert 抛弃。 20.【答案】C
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【解析】正在我想那是一辆偷来的车时,突然注意到有人正晃动受伤的腿。

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