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上海重点中学年高一下学期英语阅读理解

III. Cloze (15%) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. A couple of weeks ago, my friend offered to sell some of our things for us. I thought it was a good opportunity to 46 my 7-year-old son’s room and 47 some toys that were no longer suitable for him to play with. We agreed that all the money we got from selling the toys would be his money. The night before the 48 , we loaded up the truck with toys and a little bike that was too small for him. In the yard he 49 the bike for the last time and then happily put it onto the truck. This little bike had at least two previous owners as far as we 50 . It wasn’t in the best 51 and was certainly not new, but the tires were 52 good. We put a price of $10 on it, but it didn’t sell. So, after the sale was 53 , my friend put it on the sidewalk, with a sign that 54 , ―FREE BIKE‖. Within five minutes her doorbell rang. A little boy was standing there. In poor English he asked whether the bike was 55 free. She said yes and that he could have it for 56 . He smiled, got on the bike and rode away. Later that evening when I told my son how much money he had made at the sale, he was very excited, shouting happily. He asked about a few of his things, wondering 57 they had been sold. When he asked about the bike, I told him about the little boy and that made him 58 . He was much happier than when I told him how much he had 59. He was so happy to hear that someone else would make good 60 of that little bike! 46. A. clean B. check C. display D. design 47. A. look for B. go through C. show off D. deal with 48. A. trip B. show C. sale D. decision 49. A. rode B. found C. watched D. felt 50. A. doubted B. knew C. told D. thought 51. A. time B. chance C. place D. shape 52. A. also B. never C. still D. hardly 53. A. ahead B. on C. near D. over 54. A. said B. repeated C. copied D. expressed 55. A. barely B. usually C. really D. always 56. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 57. A. when B. if C. why D. how 58. A. smile B. worry C. leave D. cry 59. A. enjoyed B. lost C. bought D. made 60. A. interest B. money C. use D. price IV. Reading Comprehension (20%) Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C or D. Choose the one that suits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Alan Tong was the worst driver in town. He had an accident of some kind almost every week. Alan lived with his mother. His mother was always worried about him. Every day she worried that police would turn up to arrest him. This wasn’t a foolish worry because they usually called on the Tong household about once a week to deliver a speeding ticket or to serve him notice to appear

in court. Most of his accidents were caused by his carelessness. He drove through red lights. He turned right without signaling. He drove at night without proper lights. He overtook other cars on hills and sharp curve. In short there wasn’t a traffic regulation Alan had not broken, and he had had so many accidents that it was a miracle he was still alive. But luckily for Alan, he had never hurt anyone in his accidents or even gone to the hospital. Although Alan wasn’t popular with the police, he was very popular with his lawyer. Alan’s lawyer, Mr.Tsui, had earned a lot of money from Alan’s cases and always rubbed his hands expectantly when he saw Alan coming into his office. One day Alan was working in the garage spraying painting his car when his mother walked in. ―What are you doing?‖ his mother asked. ―Painting my car,‖ Alan replied. ―I can see that,‖ his mother said, ―but why are you painting one side of the car red and the other side blue?‖ ―Because every time I have to go to court for a traffic offense, there are always two witnesses (目击证人) . ―What color was the car?‖ the prosecutor always asks, and the two witnesses always give the same answer. Well, in the future, one witness will say it was blue. Mr. Tsui will then say to the judge, ―Your honor, the witnesses cannot even agree on the color of the car involved in the accident.‖ And the judge will have to dismiss the case against me. 61. Alan’s mother’s worries were _________. A. unbelievable B. quite reasonable C. silly D. unrelated to his bad driving 62. Mr. Tsui ______________ . A. always volunteered to represent Alan in court. B. wasn’t popular with the police C. was good friends with Alan D. looked forward to Alan’s visit 63. What was Alan doing when his mother spoke to him? A. Painting his car all red. C. Painting the garage. 64. Why was he doing this? A. To confuse the evidence against him. B. To help the prosecutor in court. C. To make the witnesses agree. D. To create a good impression in court. (B) When I was about 12, I had an enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings. Week by week her list grew: I was very thin, I wasn’t a good student, I talked too much, I was too proud, and so on. I tried to hear all this as long as I could. At last, I became very angry. I ran to my father with tears in my eyes. He listened to me quietly, then he asked. ―Are the things she says true or not? Janet, didn’t you ever wonder what you’re really like? Well, you now have that girl’s opinion. Go and make a list of everything she said and mark the points that are true. Pay no attention to the other things she said.‖ B. Painting his car two colors. D. Cleaning his car with a new car wash

I did as he told me. To my great surprise, I discovered that about half the things were true. Some of them I couldn’t change (like being very thin), but a good number I could—and suddenly I wanted to change. For the first time I go to fairly clear picture of myself. I brought the list back to Daddy. He refused to take it.―That’s just for you,‖ he said.―You know better than anyone else the truth about yourself. But you have to learn to listen, not just close your ears in anger and feeling hurt. When something said about you is true, you’ll find it will be of help to you. Our world is full of people who think they know your duty. Don’t shut your ears. Listen to them all, but hear the truth and do what you know is the right thing to do.‖ Daddy’s advice has returned to me at many important moments. In my life, I’ve never had a better piece of advice. 65. What did the father do after he had heard his daughter’s complaint? A. He told her not to pay any attention to what her ―enemy‖ had said. B. He criticized her and told her to overcome her shortcomings. C. He told her to write down all that her ―enemy‖ had said about her and pay attention only to the things that were true. D. He refused to take the list and have a look at it. 66. What does ―Week by week her list grew‖ mean? A. Week by week she discovered more shortcomings of mine and pointed them out to me. B. She had made a list of my shortcomings and she kept on adding new ones to it so that it was growing longer and longer. C. I was having more and more shortcomings as time went on. D. Week by week, my shortcomings grew more serious. 67. Which do you think would be the best title for this passage? A. Not an Enemy, but the Best Friend C. My Father B. The Best Advice I’ve Ever Had D. My Childhood

(C) Norm Pethrick, a 36-year-old man in Australia’s northern city Darwin, was praised on Thursday for jumping onto a crocodile’s back to save his wife Wendy at Litchfield National Park, a popular tourist spot southwest of Darwin, a local newspaper reported. Ms Pethrick was standing on a river bank Wednesday afternoon when the saltwater crocodile lunged (扑), locking its jaws on both her legs as it tried to drag her underwater. Norm Pethrick, who with his wife had been collecting water, immediately went to help her. He jumped onto the back, poked (戳) the eyes of the crocodile and finally got his wife free. Ms Pethrick was later taken to Royal Darwin Hospital for a medical treatment. The doctors said she was suffering eight puncture wounds (伤口) in her right leg, a puncture wound in her left leg and a serious cut to one of her fingers. ―This could have been a fatal and tragic situation,‖ said the general manager of Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH), Dr Len Notaras, according to a local report. He said Ms Pethrick was saved by her husband’s ―quick and diligent actions‖. Dr Notaras also said she would remain in hospital for three to four days and have an operation to clean the wounds, which are easy to get infected because of bacteria (细菌) on the teeth of the crocodile. 68. This passage is most likely to be found in _____.

A. a travel guide B. a newspaper C. a textbook D. a novel 69. The crocodile attacked Ms Pethrick when she was ______. A. swimming in the river B. standing on the river bank C. watching the crocodile D. fishing in the water 70. Which of the following statements is TRUE about Ms Pethrick? A. Her eyes were badly poked. B. She had eight wounds altogether. C. One of her fingers also got hurt. D. One of the crocodile’s teeth was found in her leg. 71. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? A. The husband should save the wife B. A man saves wife’s life from crocodile’s jaws C. A crocodile is not so dangerous as people imagine D. Human beings can beat crocodiles sometimes (D) For years, children in the industrial areas of Europe and America seldom left their smoky cities to see the beauties of the countryside. This was not because the woods and fields were always far away, but because they were too far from the city to permit people to make a day trip between morning and nightfall. In 1907, a young German schoolmaster had an idea which changed this state of affairs. He decided to turn his little schoolhouse into a dormitory for the summer holidays. Anyone who brought his sleeping bag and cooking equipment along could stay there for a very small quantity of money. The idea was a success. A few years later, the schoolhouse was much too small to hold the many young people who wanted to stay there. As a result, a dormitory was set up in an old castle nearby. This was the first Youth Hostel. Today, young students and workers of every country can meet in the hostels and get to know each other. When young people arrive at a hostel, they have only to show their card of membership in a hostel organization in their own country. This card will permit them to use the facilities of hotels all over the world for a very low price. Often, at the evening meal, a group of boys and girls from various parts of the country or the world will happen to meet at the same hostel. They may put their food together and prepare a dinner with many kinds of dishes. Sometimes a program will be organized after the meal, with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period. One can learn a lot of things about other places, just by meeting people who come from those places. For this reason, a few weeks spent ―hosteling‖ can be just as useful a part of one’s education as classes in school. 72. The first youth hostel was opened in ________. A. America B. Australia C. Europe D. Asia 73. The price of hostels was low because __________. A. people brought their own equipment B. the hostels were in old buildings C. an old castle did not cost anything D. hostels received money from the government 74. From the passage we may see that hostels are important mainly because they________. A. do not cost very much B. are nice places to spend the night C. get people from different places to meet each other D. offer good service

75. The best title for the passage may be ___________. A. Youth Organizations B. Education Out of School C. International Travel D. Summer Holidays

(E)
Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-AB for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. The popularity of HSK B. The development of HSK C. Chinese-more than a language D. The reasons for learning Chinese AB. An increasing trend of learning Chinese AC. Learning Chinese in trading partner countries 76. __________ More and more foreigners are showing a desire to learn the Chinese language, according to the latest official statistics. It is estimated that the number coming to China to learn the language has maintained an average annual growth rate of 35 percent over the past few years. 77. __________ China’s continuous economic expansion and the strengthening of its trade and business ties with the rest of the world have been behind the interest in learning Chinese. These kinds of business engagements have in turn sparked a huge demand for professional employees in foreign countries with a good command of Chinese. 78. __________ The trend is more evident among some of China’s largest trading partners, particularly Japan, the United States, the Republic of Korea and some nations in Southeast Asia. ―I think a good knowledge of Chinese can help me secure a good job back in my country as there is a growing number of companies setting up operations in China,‖ said a 24-year-old female student of Peking University who comes from South Korea. She added that a certificate of the Chinese Proficiency Test, or Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK), is important when seeking a job in a large foreign trade company in South Korea. 79. __________ The HSK test began in Beijing in 1988. It is a national, standardized test designed to assess foreign students’ command of Chinese. So far, the Office of the State Commission for the Chinese Proficiency Test has set up 44 testing centers in 27 cities in China, including Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, and 55 centers in 24 other countries in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Oceania. Since 1991, a total of 380,000 people from 120 countries have taken the test in those centers, said Vice-Minister of Education Zhang Xinsheng. 80. __________ ―The Chinese language as well as Chinese culture and other languages and cultures – has played a tremendous role in developing human civilization and pushing forward social progress.‖ Zhang said. ―Hopefully the exchange of languages can help enhance understanding and friendship between peoples of different countries‖, he added. 第Ⅱ卷(共 20 分) V. Translation(20 分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English. You are required to use the word given in the bracket for each respective sentence. 1. 婴儿总是对周围的一切非常好奇。 (curious) 2.这部电影真是太感人了,以至于她热泪盈眶。 (so) 3.这位经理在管理这家公司中起到了重要的作用。 (role) 4.教室里所有的学生都对这个令人惊讶的消息感到震惊。 (shocked) 5.人人都愿意和乐于助人、有幽默感的人交朋友。 (ready)

KEYS
1-5DBACA 6-10BDABA 11-13ACD 14-16ABC 17interesting 18expensive 19historic 20temples 21-25BDCDA 26-30ACCAC 31-36CACADB 37-45BD A CD C AB B D AD AC 46-50ADCAB 51-55DCDAC 56-60DBADC 61-64BDBA 65-67CAB 68-71BBCB 72-75CACB 76-80AB D AC B C 1. Babies are always curious about all the things around them./all the surroundings. 2. This movie was so moving that her eyes were full of tears. 3. The manager plays an important role in running the company. 4. All the students in the classroom were/felt shocked at the surprising news. 5. Everybody likes/would like to make friends with a humorous person who is ready to help others. Or: Everyone enjoys making friends with those who have a sense of humor and are ready to help others.


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