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广东专插本英语历年试题集(更新至2010年)


专升本插班生入学考试公共课

公共英语
历年试题集
(含标准答案) 含标准答案)

华南师范大学政治与行政学院辅导班

020020-85211312

1998 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英
Part I Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage I The computer is a wonderful machine.It is the most important invention since the type of engine used in cars.Today it has the greatest effect on science,industry,and business,but it is being used more in education and medicine.By the end of this century it will touch the lives of everyone,even people in distant villages.It is a revolutionary invention. The oldest kind of computer is the abacus used in China since the sixth century.In the seventeenth century an adding machine was invented,but the furst large,modern computer was built in 1937.A few years later a computer could do 5000 additions per second.Now the computations are so fast that they are measured in nanoseconds(毫微秒). Today most computers have a memory.They are getting smaller and smaller,and computing faster and faster.Even in a large computer,the part that does the actual computing is about the size of the end of a finger. Computers can do all kinds of work.When someone buys something in a department store,information about the sale goes into a computer,A scientist can talk to the computer about the rocks,and the computer answers the questions.A doctor can talk to the computer and explain what is wrong with a patient.If the doctor asks why,the computer goes through its stored information and explains exactly why. When early humans began farming,it was a revolutionary change in human life.It was hundreds of thousands of years later that people developed a writing system(方法).In less than fifty years people have developed computers that can do most of the things humans can do .This could be a frightening development. 1.The computer is considered a wonderful machine because_____. A.it has effect on all aspects of man’s life B.it is widely used in education and medicine C.it has the function of an engine D.it is useful even in distant villages 2.The abacus has been used in China for_____. A.some 5,000 years C.nearly 1,000 years B.about 600 years D.over 1,300 years







3.The most important feature of a computer is that_____. A.it has a memory B.it is small in size C.it computes fast D.it answers all kinds of questions 4.The computations of the computer are usually measured in_____. A.seconds C.hours 5.The computer will soon affect_____. A.people in large cities C.people all over the world B.people in developed countries D.people in the Western world 1 B.minutes D.nanoseconds

Passage 2 In the traditional marriage,the man worked at a job to earn money for the family.Most men worked in an office,a factory,or some other place away from the home.Since the man earned the money,he paid the bills.The money was used for food,clothes,a house,and other family needs.The man made most of the decisions.He was the boss. In the traditional marriage,the woman seldom worked away from the house.She stayed at home to care for the children and her husband.She cooked the meals,cleaned house,washed the clothes,and did other household work.Her job at home was every important. In recent years,many couples continue to have a traditional relationship of this kind.The man has a job and earns the money for the family.The woman stays at home and cares for the children and the house.Many Americans are happy with this kind of marriage.But some other Americans have a different impression of marriage and family responsibilities. There are two important differences in male and female roles now.One is that both men and women have many more choices.They may choose to marry or to stay single.They may choose to work or stay at home.Both men and women may choose roles that are comfortable for them. A second difference in male and female roles is that within marriage many decisions and responsibilities are shared.The husband and wife may choose to have children,or they may not.If they have children,the man may take care of them some of the time, all of the time,or not at all.The woman may want to stay at home and take care of the children.Or she may want to go to work.Men and Women now decide these things together in a marriage.Many married people now share these decisions and the responsibilities of their families. 6.Which of the following is NOT true in the traditional marriage? A.Men worked at a job to earn money for family. B.The woman made most of decisions. C.The woman stayed at home to care for the children. D.The man paid the bills. 7.In recent years_____. A.young couples reject the traditional relationship B.the woman has a job and earns the money for the family C.the woman doesn’t stay at home and care for the children and the house D.the role of men and women has begun to change 8.Men and women may now choose all the following EXCEPT to_____. A.marry or to stay single B.work or to stay at home C.have the roles that are comfortable for them D.leave their jobs just because they have children 9.The following are all now true EXCEPT_____. A.they may choose to have children or not B.the man may take care of the children some of the time C.the woman may want to go to work 2

D.the woman is the most important person in the house 10.Which of the following is NOT true? A.The man was the boss in the traditional marriage. B.The woman’s job at home was very important in the past. C.Many Americans still have a traditional marriage. D.Everyone tries to get married. Passage 3 Did you know that the empty plastic soft drink bottles you throw away every day can be turned into carpet or automobiles parts? That used glass bottles and aluminum cans can be turned into new ones? And that yesterday’s newspaper can be turned into tomorrow’s? It all happens because of recycling( 再 利 用 ).The simple waste we throw away is a “natural resource”that,with recycling,can be used to produce a variety of new products. Unfortunately,America recycles only 10% of its rubbish,burns 10% and deposits 80% in waste desposal grounds,As a result,it is having to cope with a serious solid waste problem. Every year,Americans throw away about 160 million tons of rubbish.Of that total,plastics make up less than 8%,paper about 36%,and glass and metal about 20%,all by weight.Plastics are naturally lighter,but still,when pressed together,accout for only about 20% by volume. As a result,in the past 10 years the United States’ waste disposal grounds have decreased from about 18,500 to 6,000.In five years 2,000 more will close. In the process of finding solutions,some people have proposed to stop using plastics. Unfortunately,stop using plastics would do much harm and no good.We would lose all of the safety,health and convenience features of plastics. Besides,packaging would still be needed.A 1987 study shows what would happen if plastics were not used--the energy needed to produce other packaging,its cost,and the volume of waste collected would all rise greatly. Some Americans believe part of the answer to America’s waste problem lies in recycling everything from glass to metals to paper to plastic. Today,recycling is on the rise.There are now more than 1,000 waste recycling programs in the U.S.Many are beginning to recycle plastics. Right now,almost 200 companies are recycling millions of used plastic containers into toys,traffic signs,waste baskets,floor materials,and park benches. Plastics are among the easiest materials to recycle.More than 150 million pounds or 20% of all plastic soft drink bottles were recycled in 1987. 11.What can’t the plastic soft drink bottles be turned into? A.Newspapers. C.Toys. B.Automobile parts. D.Traffic signs. 3

12.Of all the rubbish in the U.S.,plastics account for_____by weight and_____by volume. A.20%; 20% B. 8%; 20% C.36%; 8% D.20%; 36% 13.On average,waste plastics are_____other wastes. A.as heavy in density as B.heavier in density than C.lighter in density than D.the same by weight as 14.In 5 years,the U.S.will have only_____waste disposal grounds. A.2,000 C.4,000 B.6,000 D.18,500

15.The author of this passage_____the proposal of stopping using plastices. A.says nothing about B.is sympathetic with C.agrees to D.disagrees to Passage 4 There are two kinds of memory:short-term and long-term.Information in long-term memory can be remembered at a later time when it is needed.The information may be kept for days or weeks.However,information in short-term memory is kept for only a few seconds,usually by repeating the information over and over.The following experiment shows how short-term memory has been studied. Henning studied how students who are learning English as a second language remember vocabulary.The subjects in his experiment were 75 college students.They represented all levels of ability in English:beginning,intermediate,advanced,and native-speaking students. To begin,the subjects listened to a recording of a native speaker reading a paragraph in English.Following the recording,the subjects took a 15-question test to see which words they remembered.Each question had four choices.The subjects had to circle the word they had heard in the recording.Some of the questions had four choices that sound alike.For example,weather,whethet,wither,and wetter are four words that sound alike.Some of the questions had four choices that have the same meaning.Method,way,manner,and system would be four words with the same meaning.Finally the subjects took a language proficiency test. Henning found that students with a lower proficiency in English made more of their mistakes on words that sound alike;students with a higher proficiency made more of their mistakes on words that have the same meaning.Henning’s results suggest that beginning students hold the sound of words in their short-term memory,and advanced students hold the meaning of words in their short-term memory. 16.Henning made the experiment in order to study_____. A.how students remember English vocabulary by short-term memory B.how students learn English vocabulary C.how to develop students' ability in English D.how long information in short-term memory is kept 17.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Information in short-term memory is different from that in long-term memory. B.Long-term memory can be achieved only by training. C.It is easier to test short-term memory than long-term memory. 4

D.Henning gave a separate test on vocabulary to his students. 18.From Henning’s results we can see that_____. A.beginners have difficulty in distinguishing the pronunciation of words B.advanced students remember words by their meaning C.it is defficult to remember words that sound alike D.it is difficult to remember words that have the same meaning 19.The word “subject” in the passage means_____. A.the college course the students take B.the theme of the listening material C.a branch of knowledge studied D.the student experimented on 20.The passage centers on_____. A.memory C.short-term memory B.two kinds of memory D.an experiment on students

Part II. Vocabulary,Structure and Grammar(30%) 21.The view from the other side of the mountain was even more_____. A.productive B.impressive C.positive D.decisive 22.They____the train and was late this morning,which annoyed them very much. A.loss B.lost C.missed D.failed 23.A duck’s_____can keep out water because they have oily substance on them. A.further B.farther C.feathers D.failed 24.Carry the box of explosive carefully or we’ll_____up dead ourselves. A.put B.end C.set D.rise

25.The Browns were a great deal more_____of their guests than the Smiths. A.thoughtful B.considerable C.practical D.imaginary 26.Murder is_____by death in many countries. A.punishing B.punished C.punishable D.punish D.under

27.How can he save when he spends_____his income? A.beyond B.on C.for

28.If you live in the city,your friends are always_____for a chat or an evening’s entertainment. A.available B.submitted C.permissible D.uncountable 29.The witness was badly wounded himself,so he couldn't appear in court_____. A.in fact B.in nature C.in particular D.in person 30.Americans_____have eggs,some meat,toast fruit and coffee at breakfast. A.normally B.continuously C.consequently D.traditional 31.She often fell_____in front of the television. A.asleep B.sleeping C.into sleep D.to asleep D.role D.considered D.inquires 5

32.Chemical fertilizer plays an important_____in developing agriculture. A.act B.park C.turn 33.I first_____telephoning her but then decided to go and see her. A.enjoyed A.requires B.avoided B.acquires C.tried C.enquires

34.The law_____all parents to send their children to school until the age of sixteen. 35.Aunt Betty didn’t_____in at the hotel until ten in the evening.

A.enter A.whereas A.regular

B.arrive B.although B.adjust

C.check C.even if C.arrange

D.register D.until D.purchase D.followed D.contains

36.White surfaces reflect heat and light_____black ones absorb them. 37.She is putting on weight.She has to_____the belt to the larger size. 38.He is now working in London and is not_____to driving on the left. A.accustomed B.desired C.using 39.The full set of the book_____of twelve volumes. A.is consisted B.consists C.made up 40._____,the problem remained unsolved. A.Having not discussed C.Not having discussed

B.Having not been discussed D.Not having been discussed

41.The history of the village,_____which few people know much,can be studied from the record in the school. A.in B.on C.about D.for 42.The ticket you got yesterday will_____you to a free film. A.entitle B.be entitled C.entitle to 43.He was_____awake thinking about his experiment. A.lying B.laying C.lain D.entitle for D.laid

44.By the end of this century many big bridges across the Pearl River_____. A.would be completed B.will be completed C.will complete D.will have been completed 45.If I_____out of ink,I would have finished writing the paper. A.hadn’t run B.shouldn’t run C.haven’t run 46.It is no good_____today’s work for tomorrow. A.leaving B.leave C.to leave D.didn’t run D.that you leave

47._____that Easton had got promoted,his friends came to congratulate him on that. A.Being heard B.Having heard C.To have heard D.Having been heard 48._____such a customer as Harry,he would punish him heavily. A.If he has met A.considered B.If he was to meet B.considering C.If he is meeting C.to consider D.Were he to meet D.being considered D.get 49.Many things_____impossible in the past are common today. 50.It is desired that he_____everything ready by tonight. A.will get B.would get C.will have got Part III. Cloze (10%) In the early days in the United States,salt was very 51 , So, the storekeeper of 52 days was very careful 53 his salt. 54 he 55 out salt for a customer,he did not 56 for anyone to walk 57 the floor of the store,The walking might 58 the floor and could 59 the salt to “settle” and 60 the storekeeper would have to 61 a little more salt to the 62 he had already poured out!

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In the modern world salt has many uses 63 the dining table,It is used in the making of glass and airplane parts,in the 64 of crops,and in killing weeds.It is also used to make water 65 etc.Salt even helps to 66 itching 67 it is rubbed on mosquito or other insect bites. Salt can be 68 in various ways besides being taken from mines underground.Evaporation of salt water from the ocean or salt water lakes or small seas is one of the more common 69 for manufacturing salt.Yet 70 it is obtained,salt will continue to play an important part in the lives of men and women everywhere. 51.A.few B.little C.scarce D.thin 52.A.pioneer B.broad C.sunny D.better 53.A.to B.for C.upon D.with 54.A.Since B.As C.Because D.Even 55.A.ran B.got C.poured D.gave 56.A.allow B.permit C.prevent D.like 57.A.cross B.across C.pass D.among 58.A.ruin B.damage C.spoil D.shake 59.A.let B.make C.bring D.cause 60.A.on the other hand B.as a matter of fact C.as a result D.nevertheless 61.A.produce B.cost C.expand D.add 62.A.number B.amount C.content D.figure 63.A.after B.beside C.beyond D.at 64.A.growing B.growing up C.building D.building up 65.A.drink B.to be clean C.soft D.being fresh 66.A.relieve B.cause C.replace D.withdraw 67.A.before B.until C.as D.when 68.A.obtained B.bought C.refined D.settled 69.A.subjects B.processes C.supplies D.purposes 70.A.however B.whatever C.whoever D.whenever Part IV Translation (20%) 71.他送给那位老太太一双拖鞋作为生日礼物,这使她非常高兴。 A.He gave the old lady a pair of slipper on her birthday,which pleased her a lot. B.He sent the old lady a pair of slipper on her birthday,this made her very glad. C.He presented the old lady a pair of slippers at her birthday,that made her very pleased. D.He gave the old lady a pair of slippers for her birthday,which pleased her a lot. 72.在那里的时候,他们花一半的时间从事体力工作。 A.While there they spent half the time doing physical work. B.While stayed there,they spent half the time on manual work. C.While staying there,they spent half the time to do physical work. D.While they stayed there,they spent half of their time to do manual work. 73.胖子身上过多脂肪细胞妨碍热量迅速扩散。 A.Too much fat cells prevent the heat of fat people to escape quickly. B.Too much fat cells prevent the heat of fat people escaping quickly. C.Too many fat cells prevent the heat of fat people from escaping quickly. D.Too many fat cells prevent the fat peoples’ heat from escaping quickly. 74.尽管他们工作很努力,他们很难赶上最新的科学的发展。

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A.No matter they are working very hard,they can hardly keep up science. B.No matter how hard they are working,they can hardly keep up science. C.In spite of they are working very hard,they can hardly keep up science. D.Although they are working very hard,they can’t hardly keep up science.

with the latest development in with the latest development in with the latest development in with the latest development in

75.据说前年建的大桥昨天被暴雨冲走。 A.It is said that the bridge built the year before was washed away by the heavy rain last night . B.It is said that the bridge which was built the year before washing away by the heavy rain last night. C.It is said that the bridge was built the year before last night it was washed away by the heavy rain. D.It is said that the bridge which was built the year before being washed away by the heavy rain last night. 76.关于我们将被邀请参加会议的消息是鼓舞人心的。 A.The news which we will be invited to the conference is very encouraging. B.The news which we will be invited to the conference is very encouraged. C.The news that we will be invited to the conference is very encouraging. D.The news that we will be inviting to the conference is very encouraged. 77.随着科学技术的发展,我们终有一天能够到其他行星旅行。 A.With the development of science and technology we’ll be able to travel to other planets some day. B.With the development of science and technology we’ll be able to travel to the other planets someday. C.With the development of science and technology we can be able to travel to other planets some day. D.With the development of science and technology we can be able to go to other planets for travelling someday. 78.这些药似乎很有效。 A.It seems that this medicines are quite effective. B.It seems that these medicines are quite affected. C.It seems that these medicines are quite effected. D.It seems that these medicines are quite effective. 79.她宁愿自己做衣服也不到商店买。 A.She prefers making her own clothers than to buy them in the shops. B.She prefers making her own clothers than buying them in the shops. C.She prefers making her own clothers in place of buying them in the shops. D.She prefers making her own clothers instead of buying them in the shops. 80.昨天晚上一定是下过暴雨,因为河水上涨了。 A.It must rain heavily last nignt,for the river has risen. B.It must rain heavily last night,for the river has raised. C.It must have rained heavily last night for the river has risen. D.It must have rained heavily last night for the river has raised.

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年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 1999 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题

Part I Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage I Today,supermarkets are found in almost every large city in the world.But the first supermarket was opened only fifty years ago.It was opened in New York by a man named Michael Cullen. A supermarket is different from other types of stores in several ways.In supermarkets,goods are placed on open shelves.The customers choose what they want and take them to the check-out counter.This means that fewer employees are required than in other stores. The way products are displayed is another difference between supermarkets and many other types of stores.For example,in supermarkets there is usually a display of small inexpensive items just in front of the check-out counter:candies,chocolate,magazines,cheap books and so on.Why are they there? Most customers who go to a supermarket buy from a shopping list.They know exactly what they need to buy.They shop according to a plan.By the time he or she reaches the check-out counter,the customer is feeling pleased and relaxed because the task of shopping is finished.In this happy mood,the customer sees an attractive display of inexpensive goods that were not on his or her shopping list.Now he or she feels like buying something just for his or her own pleasure and enjoyment.Many customers buy from these displays of products near the check-out counter,and this is exactly what the owner of the supermarket hopes they will do. Another important fact in helping a customer choose what to buy is where a product is placed on a shelf.A product that is placed at eye level on a shelf sells much better than one which is placed on a lower or higher shelf.A product which is easy to see sells best.Manufacturers pay a higher price to have their products placed at eye level on the shelves. The comfort and convenience of shopping centers is another factor which makes them popular with customers.Large parking spaces are provided,and many supermarkets stay open until very late at night. 1.According to the passage,which statement is NOT true? A.Today supermarkets are found in almost every bit city. B.The first supermarket was opened only half a century ago. C.The first supermarket was opened in New York. D.A supermarket is different from other kinds of stores in two ways. 2.According to the passage,which statement is TRUE? A.Supermarkets need more clerks than other stores. B.In supermarkets goods are placed on closed shelves. C.The customers prefer supermarkets to other kinds of stores. D.The customers pay any clerk they meet for what they have bought in supermarkets. 3.A product that is placed______sells best. A.on a lower shelf C.as high as one’s waist B.on a higher shelf D.as high as one’s eyes 9

4.Why do you think shopping centers attract more customers than other kinds of stores? A.They have more kinds of goods B.They have few employees. C.They display small inexpensive items in front of check--out counters. D.They have large parking lots and they stay open until almost midnight. 5.According to the passage,small or cheap goods are generally placed_____. A.at eye level on the shelves B.near the check--out counter C.near the check-in counter D.in the center of the supermarket Passage 2 Obviously television has both advantages and disadvanges. In the first place,television is not only a convenient source of entertainment,but also a comparatively cheap one.With a T.V.set in the family people don’t have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre,the cinema,or the opera.All they have to do is to push a button or turn a knob,and they can see plays,films,operas and shows of every kind.Some people,however,think that this is where the danger lies.The television viewers need do nothing.He does not even have to use his legs if he has a remote control.He makes no choice and exercises no judgement.He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part. Television,it is often said,keeps one informed about current events and the latest developments is science and politics.The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into one’s sitting-room.It could be argued that the radio performs this service as well;but on television everything is much more living,much more real.Yet here again there is a danger.The television screen itself has a terrible,almost physical charm for us.We get so used to looking at the movements on it,so dependent on its pictures,that it begins to control our lives.People are often heard to say that their television sets have broken down and that they have suddenly found that they have far more time to do things and that they have actually begun to talk to each other again.It makes one think ,doesn’t it? There are many other arguments for and against television.We must realize that television in itself is neither good nor bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society. 6.Television,as a source of entertainment,is______. A.not very convenient B.very expensive C.quite dangerous D.relatively cheap 7.Some people are against T.V.because______. A.T.V.programs are not interesting C.T.V.prices are very high B.T.V.viewers are totally passive D.T.V.has both advantages and disadvantages

8.One of the most obvious advantages of T.V.is that______. A.it keeps us informed B.it is very cheap C.it enables us to have a rest D.it controls our lives 9.According to the author,whether T.V.is good or depends on______. A.its qualit y B.people’s attitude towards it C.how we use it D.when we use it 10.In this passage,the author’s attitude towards T.V.is______. A.negative B.objective C.critical D.hostile Passage 3 10

The United States is a country made up of many different races.Usually they are mixed together and can’t be told one from another.But many of them still talk about where their ancestors came from.It is something they are proud of. The original Americans,of course,were the Indians.The so-called white men who then came were mostly from England.But many came from other countries like Germany and France. One problem the United States has always had is discrimination.As new groups came to the United States they found they were discriminated against.First it was the Irish and Italians.Later it was the black.Almost every group has been able to eventually escape this discrimination.The only immigrants who have not are the blacks.Surprisingly enough the worst discrimination today is shown towards the Indians. One reason the Indians are discriminated against is that they have tried hard to keep their identity.Of course they are not the only ones who have done so.The Japanese have their little Tokyo in Los Angeles and the Chinese a Chinatown in New York.The Dutch settlement in Pennsylvania also stays separate from other people,Their towns are like something from the 19th century.They have a different reason than the other groups for staying apart.They live separately for religious reasons rather than keeping together in a racial group. Although some groups have kept themselves separate and others have been discriminated against,all groups have helped make the United States a great country.There is no group that has not helped in some way.And there is no group that can say they have done the most to make it a great country. Many people still come from other countries to help the United States grow.A good example is the American project that let a man walk on the moon.It was a scientist from Germany who was responsible for doing that.It is certain that in the future the United States will still need the help of people from all racial groups to remain a great country. 11.Which of the following statements can best describe the main idea of this passage? A.The United States is a country made up of many different races. B.Discrimination is the most serious problem in the United States. C.All the races in the United States have helped make the country a great one. D.The prosperity of the United States is mainly due to the hard work of the most discriminated races. 12.In the first paragraph,the word “told” means_____. A.separated B.distinguished C.revealed D.made known 13.This passage implies that discrimination is a problem which______. A.many races in the United States have experienced B.is still very serious in the United States C.has already been solved in the United States D.is strongly opposed by many different races in the United States 14.The main reason why the Indians are most discriminated against is that_____. A.they have tried hard to keep their religions B.they have tried hard to live together to keep their Indian customes C.they are the only one who tried to keep their identity D.they discriminate many other races 15.The Dutch live separately in Pennsylvania______. A.to escape discrimination B.to enjoy themselves in their own towns C.to keep together in a racial group D.for religious reasons 11

Passage 4 Awareness of earthquake hazards is now well developed in many countries,and the U.S.Geological Survey has recently published a map showing the relative probability of earthquake activity for various areas in the United States,The major hazard represented by seismic(地震的)events along the great earthquake belts of the world has now been clearly recognized,and a great deal of research money and effort is being directed toward earthquake prediction and possible control.Active fault( 断 层 )systems,such as the San Andreas fault in California,are carefully monitored for observable changes that could indicate a possible earthquake.Although the nature of earthquakes and earthquake belts are relatively well understood,the possibility of accurately predicting major earthquakes,much less controlling them,still appears remote. Probably the most interesting development in this field relates to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes near Denver,Colorado.In1962 injection of fluid wastes into the Precambrian basement rocks nearly 4000m below the ground surface was followed by a series of small earthquakes.Studies of this phenomenon have indicated the injected fluid lubracated(使润滑)a fault under stress and thereby promoted release of seismic energy.Experimentation at the site is still going on,but the connection between the fluid injection and earthquake activity was quickly realized.Accordingly,the suggestion has been made that potentially destructive earthquakes could be converted into numerous nondestructive minor earthquakes by using fluid injection techniques.Thus,although man has no hope whatever of controlling the major earth movements that lead to earthquakes,he may in some cases be able to influence the manner in which earthquake energy is dissipated(消 散). 16.What are earthquake belts? A.Maps that show where earthquakes are likely. B.Zones with a high probability of earthquakes. C.Breaks between two sections of the earth’s surface. D.The two layers of earth along a fault. 17.The San Andreas fault is______. A.an active fault system B.a place where earthquakes have been predicted accurately C.a place where earthquakes have been controlled D.the location of the Rocky Mountain Arsenal 18.At the Rocky Mountain Arsenal,what did scientists learn about earthquakes? A.They occur at about 4000 meters below ground level B.The injection of water into earthquake faults prevents earthquakes from occurring. C.They are usually caused by oil in the faults. D.It is possible that harmful earthquakes can be prevented by causing small,harmless earthquakes. 19.What can be said about the experiments at Rocky Mountain Arsenal? A.They have no practical value in earthquake prevention. B.They may have practical value in earthquake prevention. C.They are certain to have practical value in earthquake prevention. D.The article does not say anything about their practical value in earthquake prevention. 20.The title that best expresses the ideas of the passage would be______. A.Earthquake Prevention and Control B.New Ways of Controlling Earthquakes C.Earthquakes Prediction and Control D.New Ways of Preventing Earthquakes Part II Vocabulary,Structure and Grammar(30%) 12

21.If you ______the hats back to the shop,they would have changed them for you. A.took B.have taken C.had taken D.would have taken 22.The student found _______to answer all the questions within one minute. A.no difficulty B.there was difficulty C.it difficult D.it being difficult 23.______,a British person often shakes hands. A.After introducing to somebody C.As being introduced to somebody B.On being introduced to somebody D.Having introduced to somebody

24.Something______wrong that he still hasn't turned up. A.must be B.must have been C.should be D.could have been 25.I wish she ______me the good news yesterday. A.has told B.told C.had told D.would tell 26.It was______for him to wear a T shirt at the reception. A.out of place B.out of order C.out of question D.out of practice 27.______to popular belief,the young girl can speak six languages. A.Contrary B.Compared C.According D.Contrast 28.She prefers making her own clothes ______ buying them in the shop. A.instead of B.in place of C.than D.more than 29.In our reading we should always______alert for new usages. A.prepare B.review C.remain D.insist 30.The policeman went from house to house______whether anyone has seen the lost boy. A.demanding B.inquiring C.requiring D.searching 31.The disease______his mind so that he lost his memory. A.effected B.impressed C.affected D.hurt 32.Columbus was______his times in his belief that the Earth was round. A.in front of B.in advance of C.before D.ahead of 33.It’s getting quite warm.I hope the ice does not______. A.soften B.dissolve C.weaken D.melt 34. I’d like to be ______from time to time how my son is getting along in school. A.warned B.examined C.informed D.cared 35.The news of the air crash is not ________ yet by the government. A.confirmed B.committed C.considered D.concerned 36.I'm determined to have the thing finished and ________ with before you go. 13

A.ended C.done

B.coped D.begun

37.The office will close at five o’clock from May I until ________ notice. A.further B.farther C.latest D.better 38.The atmosphere _______ of certain gases mixed together in definite proportions. A.composes B.includes C.contains D.consists 39.I bought this sixteenth-century diamond ring at a quite ________ price. A.cheap B.expensive C.dear D.reasonable 40.This kind of trees cannot be grown in such a cold ________ as ours. A.weather B.climate C.air D.season 41.These pieces of information link up to suggest _______. A.who was the thief B.who is the thief C.the thief was who D.who the thief was 42. When they _______ of yellow roses, the gardeners had to plant red roses. A.went out B.saved up C.ran out D.turned out 43.I'll be unable to join you .Please________ my name from the list . A.remove B.get rid of C.take away D.turned out 44. Before _______ the operating room you must change your clothes. A.entering into B. entering C.you entering D.you enter into 45.We had a long journey by train and at last we ______ our destination. A.reached B.attained C.arrived D.obtained 46.Although grandma is in her eighties,her teeth are ________. A.in good health B.in good mood C. in good condition D. in good terms 47.You may ______ her forehead and tell me if she is ill. A. touch B.sense C. move D. fell 48.Many old people in the United States have to ________loneliness. A.suffer B.endure C.submit D.receive 49.We were _________ in the middle of our telephone conversation. A.cut off B.cut down C. cut out D. cut across 50.Choose the books more suitable for her ,these are ________ her comprehension . A.under B.within C. against D. beyond Part III Cloze (10%)

14

The world is pretty complicated today 51 what is was forty years 52 And it's getting more so all the time .We have to 53 more and more specially 54 people. We need them to solve the tough problems of science.We need them to find new ways to 55 disease ,to design the machines of industry and the 56 gadgets of the home. And we need them more and more for the ordinary things of everyday life. It 57 special training to be a good carpenter,or plumber,or car mechanic.Jobs in electronics 58 even greater skills.We 59 a radio repairman had to have a pretty 60 kind of training .But it's even tougher to be a television repairman. Some of you are 61 thinking , “That’s all right 62 technical people”.But suppose I want to be an artist, a druggist, or a nurse.Suppose I want to go in business for myself .what good will math 63 me? All right , let’s see. Many artists today are in 64 is called applied art. They use their 65 in advertising, interior

decoration ,some similar job .But people in 66 who hire the artists for that kind of work say that simple artistic ability is not enough. 67 lots of young people who have that .But not 68 of them know anything about physics,or mechanical thing ,or math. 69 a druggist you have to study chemistry.You can’t learn chemistry 70 knowing something about algebra. 51. A.comparing with 52. A.before 53. A.obtain 54. A.teaching 55. A.suffer 56. A.laborsaved 57. A.spends 58. A.require 59. A.are used to think 60. A.thorough 61. A.likely 62. A.by 63. A.for 64. A.case 65. A.capasity 66. A.business 67. A.They are 68. A.enough 69. A.like 70. A.in spite of B.comparig to B.ago B.take B.instructing B.conquer B.laborsaver B.takes B.acquire B.used to think B.whole B.probably B.to B.to B.reality B.ability B.those B.It is B.most B.To be B.unless C.compared with C.time C.require C.scientific C.deal C.laborsaving C.commands C.enquire C.used to thinking C.entire C.possible C.for C.towards C.fact C.possibility C.time C.There are C.some C.Even C.without D.compared to D.pass D.have D.trained D.solve D.laborsave D.prepares D.inquire D.use to thinking D.complet D.stubbornly D.from D.do D.what D.personality D.difficulty D.Theirs is D.any D.Through D.more than

Part IV Translation (20%) 71.化肥在发展农业方面起重要的作用。 A.Chemical fertilizer plays an important role in developing agriculture. B.Chemical fertilizer takes an important role in development agriculture. C.Chemical fertilizer takes an important function in developing agriculture. D.Chemical fertilizer plays important part in development of agriculture. 72.三周后发现这老人死了,他死于饥饿。 A.Three weeks later the old man was found deadly.He died from hunger. B.Three weeks later the old man was found to die.He died of hunger. 15

C.Three weeks later the old man was found dying.He died of hunger. D.Three weeks later the old man was found dead.He died from hunger. 73.细心的医生在手术中应该注意病人的细微的变化。 A.A careful doctor should note the little changes of the patient to be operated. B.A careful doctor should note the slightest changes of the patient who is operated. C.A careful doctor should note the smallest changes of patient who is being operated. D.A careful doctor should note the slightest changes of the patient being operated on. 74.这个村庄鲜为人知的历史可以从教堂的记载中学到。 A.The history of the village,in which few people know much,can be studied from the records in the church. B.The history of the village,about which few people know much,can be studied from the records in the church. C.The history of the village,from which a few people know much,can be studied from the records in the church. D.The history of the village,on which a few people know much,can be studied from the records in the church. 75.除了高度以外,这两个孪生兄弟没有多大的区别。 A.There is little difference between the twin brothers except for in height. B.There is little difference between the twin brothers except in height. C.There is little difference between the twin brothers besides in height. D.There is little difference between the twin brothers apart from in height. 76.研究者还注意到脂肪细胞阻碍人体的热量迅速扩散。 A.Researchers also note that fat cells block body heat from escaping quickly. B.Researchers also note that fat cells block body heat to escape quickly. C.Researchers also note that fat cells block body heat escaping soon. D.Researchers also note that fat cells block body heat to run away very fast. 77.我可以肯定,因为你学习努力,你考试及格是没有困难的。 A.I am sure you'll have no difficulty to pass the examination since you study hard. B.I am sure you'll be not difficult to pass the examination since you study hard. C.I am sure you'll be in no difficulty to pass the examination since you study hardly. D.I am sure you'll have no difficulty in passing the examination since you study hard. 78.如果昨天我不是那么累,我就跟你一起去散步了。 A.If I was not so tired yesterday,I would go for a walk with you. B.If I was not so tired yesterday,I would have gone for a walk with you. C.If I had not been so tired yesterday,I would go for a walk with you. D.If I had not been so tired yesterday,I would have gone for a walk with you. 79.虽然我同情你,但我不能接受你的观点。 A.Although I sympathize with you,but I cannot accept your point of view. B.Although I sympathize you,I can't accept your point of view. C.While I sympathize with you I can't accept your point of view. D.Although I sympathize to you I can't accept your point of view. 80.从汽车的数目来判断,她认为没有很多人参加这个聚会。 A.Judging from the number of cars,there were not many people at the party in her mind. B.Judging from the number of cars,she thought that there were not many people at the party . C.Judging from the number of cars,her thinking was that not many people attended the party . D.Judging from the number of car,she considered that not many people participated the party.

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2000 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage One The man of Many Secrets -- Harry Houdini -- was one of the greatest American entertainers in the theater this century.He was a man famous for his escapes-from prison cells,from wooden boxes floating in rivers,from locked tanks full of water.He appeared in theaters all over Europe and America.Crowds came to see the great Houdini and his “magic” tricks. Of course,his secret was not magic,or supernatural powers.It was simply strength.He had the ability to move his toes as well as he moved his fingers.He could move his body into almost any position he wanted. Houdini started working in the entertainment world when he was 17,in 1891.He and his brother Theo performed card tricks in a club in New York.They called themselves the Houdini Brothers.When Harry married in 1894,he and his wife Bess worked together as magician and assistant.But for a long time they were not very successful.Then Harry performed his first prison escape,in Chicago in 1898.Harry persuaded a detective to let him try to escape from the prison,and he invited the local newspapermen to watch. It was the publicity that came from this that started Harry Houdini’s success.Harry had fingers trained to escape from handcuffs and toes trained to escape from ankle chains.But his biggest secret was how he unlocked the prison doors.Every time he went into the prison cell,Bess gave him a kiss for good luck-and a small skeleton key,which is a key that fits many locks,passed quickly from her mouth to his. Harry used these prison escapes to build his fame,He arranged to escape from the local jail of every town he visited.In the afternoon,the people of the town would read about it in their local newspapers,and in the evening every seat in the local theater would be full.What was the result?World--wide fame,and a name remembered today. 1.According to the passage,Houdini’s success in prison escapes depends on______. A.his magic tricks and unhuman powers B.his special tricks and a skeleton key C.his unusal ability and a skeleton key D.his unhuman talents and magic tricks 2.In the fourth paragraph.the word “this”refers to______. A.the previous sentence B.the publicity C.the place,Chicago D.the time,1898 3.According to the passage,how did Houdini get the key which helped him unlock prison doors? A.He took the key from his wife’s mouth. B.His wife passed it to his hand while kissing him. C.His wife gave it to him by a magic trick. D.He got it in his mouth through a kiss by his wife. 4.It can be inferred from the passage that Houdini became famous______. A.when he was about 24 B.when he was about 17 C.after the year 1894 D.before the year 1898 5.According to the passage,which of the following statements is true? 17

A.Houdini used to be a famous magician in the U.S.A. B.Houdini was first recognized widely in Chicago. C.Houdini entered the entertainment world together with his wife. D.Houdini owned his great success to his small skeleton key. Passage Two Children learn almost nothing from televison,and the more they watch the less they remember.They regard television purely as entertainment ,resent programs that demand on them and are surprised that anybody should take the medium seriously.Far from being over--excited by programs,they are mildly bored with the whole thing.These are the main conclusions from a new study of children and television.The author--Cardiac Cullingford confirms that the modern child is an interested viewer.The study suggests that there is little point in the later hours.More than a third of the children regularly watch their favorite programs after 9 p.m.All 11 yearolds have watched programs after midnight. Apart from the obvious waste of time involved,it seems that all this viewing has little effect.Children don’t pay close attention,says Cullingford,and they can recall few details.They can remember exactly which programs they have seen but they can rarely explain the elements of a particular plot.Recall was in “reverse proportion to the amount they had watched”.It is precisely because television,unlike a teacher,demands so little attention and response that children like it,argues Cullingford.Programs seeking to put over serious messages are strongly disliked.So are people who frequently talk on screen.What children like most,and remember best,are the advertisements.They see them as short programs in their own right and particularly enjoy humourous presentation.But again,they react strongly against high-pressure advertisement that attempt openly to influence them. On the other hand,they are not emotionally involved in the programs.If they admire the stars,it is because the actors lead better lives and earn a lot of money,not because of their fictional skills with fast cars and shooting villains.They are perfectly clear about the functions of advertisements;by the age of 12,only one in 10 children believes what even favorite ads say about the product.And says Cullingford,educational television is probably least successful of all in imparting(传播)attitudes or information. 6.The study of children and television shows that______. A.it is useless for television companies to delay adult viewing to the later hours. B.it is a waste of time for children to watch adults programs on TV. C.children should not watch television programs late into the night. D.children are supposed to learn a lot from television programs. 7.“Recall was in reverse proportion to the amount they had watched”(paragraph 2) has almost the same meaning as ______. A.“the more they watch the less they remember”.(paragraph 1) B.“Programs seeking to put over serious messages are strongly disliked”(paragraph 2) C.“They see them as short programs in their own right”.(paragraph 2) D.“educational television is probably least successful of all in imparting information”.(paragraph 3)

attitudes or

8.Which of the following is NOT true according to the new study of children and televison? A.Some children stay up late to watch the programs they like. B.Children enjoy watching challenging programs. C.Children don’t like serious messages and high-pressured ads. D.Though children like watching ads,most of them don’t believe what ads says about the product. 18

9.Cullingford concludes that______. A.children are excited when they watch TV B.watching TV has little real effect on children C.parents should spend less time watching TV D.parents should be worried about the effect of TV on children 10.Who would the result of the new study upset? A.The advertisers. C.The movie stars. Passage Three Agricultural pets are winning the battle against the poisonous chemicals in pesticides.As each new chemical pesticide is used,the insects or rodents gradually become used to it.The pests change themsleves so that they are not killed by the poison.Therefore,farmers,scientists,and food planners are trying a new method to control the pests that attack their crops.This method is called Integrated Pest Management,or IPM. Integrated pest management is a plan that combines several different methods to destroy insects and rodents.These methods are specifically developed for individual areas and crops.The control methods include using the pests’natural enemies,controlling the pests’ breading environment,and developing stronger strains of seeds.Chemical poisons are used only when neccessary.The IPM method accepts the fact that it is useless to try to destroy pests completely with chemical poisons.Its aim is to control pest populations so that crops can still grow well. Cotton farmers in Texas have been using the IPM method.The farmers find the best combination of control methods for their needs.In this way,they can produce crops without using too many chemical poisons.In 1977,three quarters of Texas cotton fields received no insecticides at all.That year’s cotton crop was better than average.The IPM method showed the farmers a better way to control the pests in their fields. The United Nations Environment Program(UNEP) has been studying agricultural pests and chemicals.It has found that 223 pests are resistant to,or not affected by insecticides.Rodents,including rats,are also gaining resistance to poisons.In 1965,another UN organization,the UN Food Agricultural Organization,list 182 resistant types of pests.Three years later,there were 228 species on the resistant list.The 1977 survey raised the number to 364 species,it is necessary to find another method of control.By using Integrated Pest Management,farmers can still control and limit pests without depending on chemical poison. 11.Agricultural pests are______. A.all killed by the poison C.becoming used to poisons 12.IPM is a method that______. A.uses the pests’ natural enemies C.develops stronger strains of seeds B.rapidly being destroyed by chemical poisons D.Integrated Pest Management B.controls the pests’ breading environment D.does all of the above B.The children viewers. D.The educators.

13.IPM is different from the traditional method because______. A.chemical poisons are often used B.chemical poisons are used when necessary C.chemical poisons are completely useless D.farmers do not have to worry about pests 14.The cotton crop in Taxas in 1977______. A.was smaller than average C.received no insecticieds at all B.was better than average D.received more insecticides than usual 19

15.According to this passage,in the future,chemical pesticides will probably______.

A.be used more C.not be produced Passage Four

B.not be used at all D.be more popular

Before the widespread use of computers,managers could not make full use of large amounts of valuable information about a company’s activities.The information either reached managers too late or was too expensive to be used.Today,managers are facing a wide range of data processing and information instruments.In place of a few financial controls,managers can draw on computer-based information systems to control activities in every area of their company.On any kinds of performance measures,the information provided by these systems helps managers compare standards with actual results,find out problems,and take corrective action before it is too late to make changes. The introduction of computerized information systems has sharply changed management control in many companies.Even a neighbourhood shopkeeper may now use computers to control sales,billing,and other activities.In large companies,electronic data processing systems monitor entire projects and sets of operations. Now,there are about 24 million microcomputers in use in the United States-one for every 10 citizents.It is estimated that by 1966,61 percent of American managers will be using some sort of electronic work station.In order for managers to be sure that the computer-based information they are receiving is accurate,they need to understand how computers word.However,in most cases they do not need to learn how to program computers.Rather ,managers should understand how computerized information systems work;how they are developed;their limitations and costs;and the manner in which information systems may be used.Such an understanding is not difficult to achieve. One reserch found that business firms were more successful in teaching basic information about computers to business graduates than they were in teaching business subjects to computer science graduates. 16.Why couldn’t managers make full use of valuable information about a company’s activities before the widespread use of computers? A.Because it often took them a lot time to get it . B.Because they had to spend a lot of money buying it. C.Because it didn’t reach them in time. D.Either B or C. 17.According to the passage,computer-based information helps mangers______. A.compare standards with expected results B.find out problems in their company C.control activities of their company D.handle daily affairs 18.Which of the following phrases can best replace “draw on”in the sentence “In place of a few financial controls,managers can draw on computer-based information systems to control activities in every area of their company”? A.make use of C.depend on B.rely on D.depend upon

19.Which of the following statements is true? A.There are about 24.000,000 people using microcomputers in the United States. B.There is one microcomputer for every 10 citizens in the United States. C.There is one microcomputer for every 10 cities in the United States. D.There are about 24 million microcomputers in use in ten American cities. 20.A good title for this passage could be______. 20

A.The Development of Computers. C.Information Systems

B.Computers in Management D.The Managers of Today

Part II Vocabulary,Structure and Grammar(30%) 21.The disease____his mind so that he lost his memory. A.effected B.impressed C.affected D.hurt 22.John’s letter was so confusing that I could hardly make any ____of it whatsoever. A.sense B.meaning C.message D.explanation 23.It was____for you to wear a T shirt at the reception. A.out of question B.out of place C.out of order D.out of practice 24.Although many young men are____on going abroad,he prefers to live and work in his own country. A.eager B.crazy C.mad D.keen 25.It is said that walking is one of the best ways for a person to____healthy. A.stay B.maintain C.reserve D.preserve 26.The price of meat is already up____from what it was a year ago. A.highly B.primarily C.sharply D.urgently 27.Jack is an____person and save everything he could in order to become rich some day. A.economic B.economical C.economics D.economy 28.Will you please____this article to see if there is any mistake? A.look up B.work out C.try on D.go over 29.Studying may be difficult just now,but you will benefit______. A.in conclusion B.in the last analysis C.in the long run D.in terms of money 30.Many people said that this cloth would not ____in the wash,but it did. A.decrease B.shorten C.reduce D.shrink 31.Thos e of us who are over fifty years old should get our blood pressure____regularly. A.check B.checking C.checked D.to check 32._____the doctor not been sent out at once,the boy who was knocked down by a passing car would not have been saved. A.Having C.If B.Had D.Unless

33.It is a fact____the weather of north China is different from that of south China. A.which B.in which C.that D.in that 34.Jack____hardly able to walk without help because of the bad injury in his left leg. A.has not been B.was not C.being D.was 21

35.You certainly have a temperature.I’d think you had better____to school today. A.don’t go B.not to go C.not going D.not go 36._____by long and hard practice can you hope to become a good pianist. A.Only B.Unless C.If doing D.While 37.William shakespeare,whose plays are known all over the world wherever English is spoken,was born about four______. A.hundreds year ago C.hundreds year before B.hundred years before D.hundred years ago

38.They talked for a long time and did not_____that their ice-creams on the table were melting. A.notice B.pay attention to C.attend D.recognize 39.The house that____to stand at this corner was destroyed during the bombing in1940. A.was used B.had been used C.has been used D.used 40.A lean duck is a politician who is completing his term in office_____. A.after not being reelected. B.not after being reelected C.not being reelected after D.after not to be reelected 41.She kept asking me all the difficult words____looking them up in a dictionary. A.in spite of B.in case of C.in view of D.instead of 42.I can’t____thinking it would be fun to play such an exciting game with them. A.avoid B.mind C.help D.try 43._____the good news,the children felt very_____. A.Hearing; excited B.Having heard; exciting C.To hear; excited D.Hearing; exciting 44.I am sure____hard he tries,he’ll surely fail. A.no matter how C.even though how B.as long as D.although

45.Reading is one of the chief ways_____someone who has left school remain educated. A.by which B.in that C.from which D.in which 46.Your composition is all right,____,there is room for improvement. A.as well as B.otherwise C.nevertheless D.therefore 47.I wish you____me about your plans yesterday. A.have told C.would tell B.told D.had told

48._____Mr Green will manage the project all right. A.In this way or the other B.In one way or another C.In one way or others D.In one way or other 49.Can you tell me_____a fast-food restaurant nearby? A.whether is there B.what there is C.that is there D.if there is 22

50._____,this plan is going to do much harm to your reputation. A.If it continued B.If it did continue C.If it will continue D.If continued Part III Cloze(10%) Salt is very important for people.We need salt for our health and it 51 food taste good.In the days before people learned to get large 52 of salt 53 the sea or earth,salt was very 54 .Many people use salt as money. For example,Roman soldiers,around 100 a.d.,were 55 with salt.The English word “salary”—the 56 that you 57 every week 58 from the Latin word “salarium”,which 59 “salt money”.Today in the United states, 60 a man is a good worker,his boss will say. “He is 61 his salt.” Other countries used different foods 62 money.For example,in Mexico,in 63 century,Aztec Indians 64 beans from the cacao tree as money.The 65 were small,easy to carry and 66 ,and did not break.Cacao beans were 67 valuable that some people made false “beans” from 68 ,painted them,and put them in bags 69 real 70 . 51.A.provides 52.A.amounts 53.A.within 54.A.ordinary 55.A.played 56.A.meat 57.A.get 58.A.came 59.A.issues 60.A.if 61.A.buying 62.A.like 63.A.sixteen 64.A.invested 65.A.beans 66.A.learn 67.A.too 68.A.thief 69.A.with 70.A.one B.brings B.number B.from. B.frequent B.dealing B.food B.pay B.coming B.involves B.although B.worth B.for B.the sixteen B.involved B.trees B.count B.very B.clay B.by B.once C.offers C.groups C.over C.valuable C.paid C.money C.win C.comes C.grants C.unless C.tasting C.as C.sixteenth C.used C.sums C.draw C.so C.currency C.beside C.ones D.makes D.bages D.in D.impressive D.mixing D.bill D.manage D.had come D.means D.while D.cooking D.earn D.the sixteenth D.deposited D.foods D.destroy D.quite D.experts D.from D.one’s

71.在我们之中五十岁以上的人应该定期进行血压检查。 A.Those of us who are over fifty year old should check our blood pressure regularly. B.Those of us who are more than fifty year old should have regular blood pressure examination. C.Those of us who are more than fifty years old should have blood pressure regularly checking. D.Those of us who are over fifty years old should get our blood pressure checked regularly. 72.把电话机放在房间的正中,我的书桌旁边。 A.Put the telephone set right in the middle of the room next to my desk. B.Put the telephone set just right in the middle of the room besides my desk. C.Put the telephone set in the middle rightly in the room next my desk. D.Put the telephone set in the room right centre near my desk. 73.名单上会补充下列名字。 A.The list may add the following names. B.The following names may add to the list. 23

C.To the list may be added the following names. D.The following names may be added on the list. 74.如果我们加倍努力,我们将能够在两年而不是原计划的三年完成任务。 A.If we redouble our efforts,we can be able to fulfil our task in two years instead of three as was originally planned. B.If we redouble our efforts,we can fulfil our task after two years but not three years as were originally planned. C.If we redouble our efforts,we shall be able to fulfil our task in two years instead of three as was originally planned. D.If we redouble our efforts,our task will be fulfilled after two years not three years which we originally planned. 75.他们在路上出了事故,直到下半夜才到达旅馆。 A.They had an accident on the road and did not arrive at the hotel until after midnight. B.They had an accident on the road and arrived at the hotel until after midnight. C.They had an accident in the way and arrived at the hotel until after midnight. D.They had an incident on the way and did not arrive in the hotel until after midnight. 76.北方人过去常常储存白菜过冬,可现在就不必了。 A.People in the north were used to store cabbages for the winter,but they needn’t now. B.People in the north used to storing cabbages for books and newspapers. for the winter,but they needn’t now. C.People in the north used to store cabbages for the winter,but they needn’t now. D.Peonle in the north used to store cabbages for the winter,but they needn’t to do it now. 77.所生产的纸张只有一半用于书报。 A.Only a half of paper which has been producing is used for books and newspapers. B.Only half papers which are produced are used for books and newspapers. C.Only half produced paper is used for books and newspapers. D.Only half of the paper that is made is used for books and newspapers. 78.为了减少对河水的污染,采取了一些措施对付来自工厂的废水。 A.In order to slow the water in the river from being polluted measures have been taken to deal with the waste water from factories. B.In order to reduce the water in the river for pollution measures have been taken to deal with the waste water from factories. C.In order to prevent the water in the river from polluting measures have been taken to deal with the factory waste water. D.In order to slow down the water in the river being polluted measures have taken to deal with the waste water from factories. 79.我宁可跟小组一起去也不单独去旅行。 A.I prefer to go with the group rather than travelling alone. B.I prefer to go with the group rather than travelling lonely. C.I prefer going with the group rather than to travel alone. D.I prefer to go with the group rather than travel alone. 80.他们的房子就在邮局对面,我经常呆在哪里。 A.Their house,from which I have often stayed,is just opposite to the post office. B.Their house,in that I have often stayed,is just opposite to the post office. C.Their house,at which I have often stayed,is just opposite the post office. D.Their house,where I have often stayed in,is just opposite the post office.

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2001 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I. Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage One Did you know that the empty plastic soft drink bottles you throw away every day can be turned into carpet or automobile parts ? That used glass bottles and aluminum cans can be turned into new ones? And that yesterday’s newspaper can be turned into tomorrow’s ? It all happens because of recycling .This simple waste we throw away is a “natural resource” that , with recycling, can be used to produce a variety of mew products. Unfortunately, America recycles only 10% of its rubbish ,burns 10% and deposits (存放)80% in waste disposal grounds. As a result , it has to cope with a serious solid waste problem. Every year, Americans throw away about 160 million tons of rubbish. Of that total, plastics make up less than 8% , paper about 36% , and glass and metal about 20% , all by weight . Plastics are naturally lighter, but still, when pressed together, account for only about 20% by volume(体积). As a result, in the past 10 years the United States’ waste disposal grounds have decreased from about 18, 500 to 6,000. In five years 2,000 more will close. In the process of finding solutions, some people have proposed to stop using plastics. Unfortunately, stopping using plastics would do much harm and no good. We would lose all of the safety, health and convenience features of plastics. Besides, packaging(包装) would still be needed. A1987 study shows what would happen if plastics were not used---the energy needed to produce other packaging, its cost, and the volume of waste collected would all rise greatly. Some Americans believe part of the answer to America’s waste problem lies in recycling everything from glass to metals to paper to plastic. Today, recycling is on the rise. There are now more than 1,000 waste recycling programs in the U. S. Many are beginning to recycle plastics. Right now, almost 200 companies are recycling millions of used plastic containers into toys, traffic signs, wastebaskets, floor materials, and park benches. Plastics are among the easiest materials to recycle. More than 150 million pounds or 20% of all plastic soft drink bottles were recycled in 1987. 1. What can’t the plastic soft drink bottle be turned into? A. Newspapers B. Automobile parts 25

C. Toys A. 20%, 20% C. 36%, 8% 3. On average, waste plastics are ____ other wastes. A. as heavy in density as C. lighter in density than

D. Traffic signs B. 8%, 20% D. 20%, 36% B. heavier in density than D. the same by weight as

2. Of all the rubbish in the U.S. , plastics account for ____by weight and ____by volume.

4. In five years , the U. S. will have only ____waste disposal grounds. A. 2,000 B. 6,000 C. 4,000 D. 18,500 5. The author of this passage ____the proposal of stopping using plastics. A. says nothing about B. is sympathetic with C. agrees to D. disagrees to Passage Two Sleep is something we generally associate with living persons or animals. Of course, it is true that a lot of animals sleep, but zoologists are not certain that primitive forms of animals’ life, like worms, ever really sleep. On the other hand animals such as bears sleep for 4 or 5 months every year. The amount of sleep human beings need varies with people of different ages, habits and possible races. For example, doctors think that pre-school children need between 10 and 12 hours a night; school children between 9 and 11 hours; and adults between 7 and 9 hours. There are rare cases of old people who only sleep between 2 and 3 hours a day and continue to be active and healthy. The sleep requirements of different races also appear to be different. Japanese people, for example, sleep fewer than Europeans. It is not known for certain if the activity of a man’s mind (besides dreaming) occurs when he is asleep. However, it is certainly true that some people can wake up at a pre-determined time. There are also stories about some maths professors who solve difficult problems during sleep, because their subconscious minds continue working on the problem. 6.The passage is about ______. A. how many hours of sleep different people need every day B. some kinds of dreams people have C. how to make use of man’s subconscious minds D. sleep and the activity of a man’s mind during his sleep 7.According to the author, ______. A. an Englishman usually sleeps more than a Japanese does B. every year bears sleep 4 or 5 months more than worm C. some worms sleep more than babies D. a Japanese usually sleeps more than an Englishman 8.Which of the following is TRUE according to this passage? A. Very few old men need only 3 hours’ sleep a day. B. Doctors tend to sleep more than school teachers. C. Many healthy Japanese old men sleep only 2-3 hours a day. D. The more a student sleeps, the healthier he is. 26

9.When a man is asleep, his subconscious mind ______. A. wakes up at once B. begins to solve difficult problems C. may still be working D. stops working 10.The author believes that ______. A. the activity of a man’s mind occurs when he is asleep B. human beings can control the amount of sleep they need C. some primitive forms of animal life also sleep D. some people can solve some problems in dreams Passage Three Why don’t birds get lost on their long flights from one place to another? Scientists have puzzled over this question for many years. Now they’re beginning to fill in the blank. Not long ago, experiments showed that birds rely on the sun to guide them during daylight hours. But what about birds that fly by night? Tests with artificial stars have proved that certain night-flying birds are able to follow the stars in their long-distance flights. A dove had spent its lifetime in a cage and had never flown under a natural sky. Yet it showed an inborn ability to use the stars for guidance. The bird’s cage was placed under an artificial star-filled sky. The bird tried to fly in the same direction as that taken by his outdoor cousins. And change in the position of the artificial stars caused a change in the direction of his flight. But the stars are apparently their principal means of navigation. When the stars are hidden by clouds, they apparently find their way by such landmarks as mountain ranges, coast lines, and river courses. But when it’s too dark to see these, the doves circle helplessly, unable to find their way. 11.The reason that birds don’t get lost on long flights ____. A. have been known to scientists for years B. have only recently been discovered C. are known by everyone D. will probably remain a mystery 12.During daylight hours, birds ____. A. fly aimlessly C. use sun for guidance B. rely on landmarks D. are more likely to get lost

13.By “his outdoor cousins” the author means ____. A. other experimenters B. the other doves of the same brood C. doves under the natural sky D. other birds in general 14.The experiment with the dove indicated that ____. A. birds have to be taught to navigate B. a bird that has been caged will not fly long distances C. some birds cannot fly at night D. some birds seem to follow the stars when they fly at night 15.In total darkness, doves ____. A. use landmarks C. fly back home Passage Four B. don’t know which way to fly D. wait for the stars to appear

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I had not announced my arrival to Stroeve and when I rang the bell of his studio, on opening the door himself, for a moment he did not know me, Then he gave a cry of delighted surprise and drew me in. It was charming to be welcomed with so much eagerness. His wife was seated near the stove at her sewing and she rose as I came in. He introduced me. He had the same absurd ( 令人发笑的) appearance that I remembered. He was a fat little man, with short legs, young still ( he could not have been more than thirty ) but prematurely bald ( 过早秃顶) . His face was perfectly round and he had a very high color, a white skin, red cheeks and red lips. His eyes were blue and round too, he wore large gold-rimmed glasses and his eyebrows were so fair that you could not see them. He reminded you of those happy, fat businessmen that Rubens painted. Mrs. Stroeve sat quietly mending her stockings, without talking, and she listened to all he said with a quiet smile on her lips. “So, you see, I’m married,” he said suddenly; “what do you think of my wife?” “Really, Dirk,” said Mrs Stroeve, smiling. “But isn’t she wonderful? I tell you, my boy, lose no time; get married as soon as ever you can, I’m the happiest msn alive. Look at her sitting there. Doesn’t she make a picture? Chardin, eh? I’ve seen all the most beautiful women in the world; I’ve never seen anyone more beautiful than Madame Dirk Stroeve.” “If you don’t be quiet, Dirk, I shall go away.” “My darling,” he said. She was rather tall and her gray dress was simple and quite well-cut, Her hair, brown and plentiful, was plainly done, her face was very pale and her features(面貌) were good without being distinguished. She had quiet gray eyes. She just missed being beautiful and in missing it was not even pretty. But when Stroeve spoke of Chardin it was without reason, and she reminded me curiously of that pleasant housewife in her cap and apron whom the great painter has given the fame to. I could imagine her busy among her pots and pans, making her household duties; I didn’t suppose that she was clever or could ever be amusing, but there was something in her grave intentness(严肃专注的精神) which excited my interest. She was very silent, but when she spoke it was with a pleasant voice, and her manners were natural. 16.“For a moment he didn’t know me.” This is because ____. A. they didn’t know each other well B. it was sometime since they last met C. he couldn’t see the author clearly without glasses D. he pretended not to know him so as to give him a surprise 17.Why did Mrs. Stroeve say “Really, Dirk”? Because ____. A. she was really happily married B. she could hardly believe she was married C. she really wanted the author to say what he thought of her D. she felt embarrassed by what her husband said 18.“Doesn’t she make a picture?” By this he meant ____. 28

A. she was drawing a picture C. she looked like a picture

B. she was making a picture in her sewing D. she looked very beautiful

19.She just missed being beautiful and in missing it was not even pretty. The author meant that ____. A. she was ugly-looking B. she was plain-looking C. she was pretty D. she was between pretty and beautiful 20.From the passage we learnt that Chardin was ____. A. a beautiful lady B. the most beautiful woman in the world C. a pleasant housewife D. a great painter Part II Vocabulary, Structure and Grammar (30%) 21.A ____ person is one who is easily hurt or offended by things people do or say. A. sensitive B. sensible C. senseless D. sentimental 22.We’ll telephone to Mary, but she is out of ____. A. question B. order C. place C. get over D. reach D. take over D. normally D. in a charge 23.Sooner or later you’ll ____ your shyness. A. go over B. turn over

24.These two nations had been at war ____ for eight years. A. continually B. continuously C. nervously 25.The documents are ____ of the lawyer. A. in possession B. in the possession C. in charge

26.A government notice on each packet ____ the public ____ the dangers of cigarette smoking. A. takes. . .seriously B. provides . . .with C. thinks of. . .as D. warns . . .about 27.He has neither ear nor voice, ____ he cannot sing. A. otherwise B. yet C. hence 28.____ of my not being there, ask my brother to help you. A. in form B. in case C. in spite 29.Please help me to ____my income tax. A. pour out B. turn out A. source A. adopt B. existence B. make C. flunk out C. advantage C. enjoy D. however D. in view D. figure out D. limit D. adjust

30.The main ____ of the equipment is that it can make good use of the wind. 31.The Browns will move to the north because they found it hard to ____themselves to the hot climate. 32.I usually exchange a few words of greeting ____my neighbor after breakfast. A. for B. to C. with D. of 33.He was honest, and industrious, and ____. A. economical B. economic C. economy D. economics

34.The workman had a finger ____by the machine he was operating--- a moment of inattention, and it was too late. A. cut out B. cut short C. cut down D. cut off D. carrying. . .on 35.In spite of a long struggle we succeed in ____ most of our plan ____. A. carrying. . .out B. carrying. . .through C. carrying. . .away 36.All the men had guns for protection in case they ____by the Indians. 29

A. should attack A. many ones of which C. many of which A. was I got A. had asked A. returning;to quarrel C. return;to be quarred A. except

B. be attacked

C. were attacked B. many books of which D. many in which

D. had attacked

37.My father has a large collection of books ____ are written foreign languages.

38.Not until you had told me ____some understanding of the real functions of the brain. B. would I get B. asked C. did I get C. would ask D. do I get D. has asked 39.If only she ____someone’s advice. 40.He didn’t feel like ____ home, where he couldn’t help ___ with his wife. B. return; being quarreling D. returning; quarreling B. besides C. except for D. in addition to

41.The exhibition was well designed ____ the disarrangement of a few pieces of photos. 42.In order to make ____ possible for men go on living when the present energy resources are used up, scientists are trying to find a solution ____ the energy problem. A. it; about B. that; of C. it; to D. this; in

43.The student who could not answer the question sat down with his eyes ____ at the desk. A. staring B. stare C. to stare D. stared 44.It is imperative that you ____ here in time. A. shall arrive B. must arrive C. could arrive D. arrive D. where to put

45.She doesn’t know ____ the book after they had finished reading it. A. where did they put B. where they did put C. where they put

46.____ in all parts of the state, pines are the most common trees in Georgia. A. Finding them B. Found C. To find them D. To be found 47.The question is ____ difficult for me. A. more too B. too more C. enough too D. much too D. be D. each time D. should have done

48.There ____ no train, we had to wait till the next day. A. is B. being C. were 49.I was just about to leave the house ____ the phone rang. A. while B. when C. as soon as 50.The chief engineer asked him whether he ____ that sort of work before. A. had done B. has done C. did Part III Cloze (10%)

Cotton, like silk, was discovered and made 51 cloth by man before the historical period 52 . Its first recorded use was in India, 53 cotton cloth of very fine texture, almost 54 silk, was made. When the Spanish 55 in the New World, they found that the Incas, the Mayas, and the Aztecs knew 56 cotton cloth. 57 of the cotton cloth made in Peru, even before the days of the Incas, 58 that it is kept in museums. Cotton is the most important of 59 textiles. Even now, with many artificial materials 60 , more than half of all textile products are made of cotton.

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Cotton comes 61 a plant of that name. When the plant is mature, the cotton grows in a white ball around the seed. To 62 the cotton for market, the seed 63 from the cotton fiber. This 64 by a machine called the cotton gin. Then the cotton is 65 into huge bundles called bales, 66 are sent to the mills. 67 the fibers are combed 68 they will all be turned in the same direction. 69 , the fibers are spun (纺) into thread. From the thread, the cotton is woven into 70 . 51.A. into B. out of 52.A. begin B. has begun 53.A. there B. where 54.A. so fine as B. such fine as 55.A. arrived B. reached 56.A. to how make B. how to make 57.A. Any B. Some 58.A. very fine B. so fine 59.A. all the other B. all other 60.A. available B. given 61.A. from B. through 62.A. prepare B. leave 63.A. removes B. removed 64.A. is done B. is made 65.A. placed B. packed 66.A. that B. those 67.A. Where B. There 68.A. so as B. such that 69.A. Secondly B. After 70.A. clothes B. cloth Part IV Translation (20%) 71.这件家具部分由木头制作,部分由金属制作。 A. The furniture were made up of wood and of metal in part. B. The furniture were made from wood and from metal partly. C. The piece of furniture was made partly of wood and partly of metal. D. The piece of furniture was made partly from wood and partly from metal. 72.在我空闲时,我愿意看书,而不愿意坐着无所事事。 A. Being free, I'd rather to read books than sit idle. B. I'd rather read books than to sit idle in my spare time. C. I prefer reading books to sit idle in my spare time. D. When free, I prefer to reading books rather than sit idle. 73.过去我们更重视知识学习,而不重视实践。 A. We used to attach greater importance to knowledge learning than we do practice. B. We were used to attaching greater importance to knowledge learning than we do practice. C. We were accustomed to attaching greater importance to knowledge learning than we do practice. D. We get used to attach greater importance to knowledge learning than we do practice. 74.每两星期一次的英语角使我们受益非浅。 A. We learned a lot from our English Corner each other week. B. We benefited a lot from our English Corner every two weeks. C. We had a lot of advantages from our English Corner every other week. 31 C. from C. beg an C. which C. as fine as C. returned C. how was made C. Certain C. is very fine C. all C. required C. out of C. grow C. must remove C. done C. set C. which C. In which C. as that C. Next C. clothing D. through D. was begun D. that D. as fine like D. came D. how making D. Many D. is so fine D. any D. ready D. into D. start D. must be removed D. made D. crowded D. they D. These D. so that D. Lately D. dress

D. Our English Corner does us a lot of benefits every second weeks. 75.为什么不采取措施制止河流的污染呢? A. Why not make measures to slow the rivers from pollution? B. Why not to make steps to block the rivers from pollution? C. Why not to take measures to prevent the rivers from being polluted? D. Why not take steps to stop the rivers from being polluted? 76.务必使每个孩子有上学的权利。 A. Make sure each child is entitled to go to school. B. See that every child is entitled to schooling. C. See to it that every child has entitled to schooling. D. Be sure that each child has entitled to go to school. 77.尽管有生理上的差异,妇女应该享有与男子相同的权利。 A. In spite of biological differences, women should share the same right as men do. B. Despite of biological differences, women should enjoy the same power as men. C. In spite biological differences, women should enjoy the same right of men. D. Despite biological differences, women would share the same right of men. 78.你能否成功取决于你是否有信心克服各种困难。 A. If you will succeed or not depends on if you are confident of getting over various difficulties. B. If you will success or not depends on if you are confident in overcoming various difficulties. C. Whether you will succeed or not depends on whether you are confident in overcoming various difficulties. D. Whether you will success or not depends on if you are confident of getting over various difficulties. 79.晚上通常有许多学生在图书馆看书。 A. During the evening there is usually a lot of students reading in the library. B. There are usually many students reading in the library in the evening. C. At night there are usually many students read in the library. D. There is usually a lot of students read in the library in the night. 80.请告诉我怎么续护照。 A. Please tell me how to get my passport renewed. B. Please inform me how to make my passport renew. C. Please tell me of how to have my passport being renewed. D. Please inform me of how to let my passport renew.

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2002 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Reading Comprehension(40%)

Passage one In Labrador, a country so cold that meat is preserved by freezing it outdoors, Clarence Birdseye came to notice that meat which was frozen on the coldest days had a better flavor than meat frozen at other times. Being curious, he studied preserved meats under the microscope and found that if meat were frozen quickly on a very cold day, ice crystals did not have time to form long needles and the meat cells were not damaged. Birdseye believed that if he could freeze other foods very rapidly, the same thing might happen. But, since there are not many days when the temperature drops 40 or 45 degrees below zero-even in Labrador-some way had to be found to freeze things rapidly without depending on the weather. Remembering that salty water can get very cold without freezing, Birdseye placed some cabbages in salt water and then exposed them to freezing winds. The cabbages froze quickly. Later, Birdseye invented a machine to freeze food while they were very fresh. Today, stores sell a great variety of frozen foods, and some foods that were once available only in certain districts or in season are now readily available in most communities(社区)in any season. 1.To freeze foods quickly, Birdseye experimented with ______ . A.a microscope B.meat in salt water C.meat in freezing winds D.cabbages 2.Cell damage is caused by ______ . A.salty water C.outdoor freezing methods B.extremely low temperatures D.needle-shaped ice crystals

3.Birdseye’s principal discovery regarding food preservation was that ______ . A.rapid freezing would reduce cell damage B.foods could be frozen and preserved for later use C.salty water can get very cold without freezing D.meat must be frozen at 45 degrees below zero 4.Later, Birdseye invented ______ . A.a refrigerator C.a machine that would freeze foods slowly B.a machine that would freeze foods quickly D.the icebox

5.Much of the popularity of today’s frozen foods is due to the fact that ______ . A.foods may be widely distributed B.disease can be eliminated C.every American home has a deep-freeze D.such foods are now considered luxuries Passage Two Astronomers in California have spent the past decade designing a revolutionary, 10-meter telescope with four times the “seeing power” of any functional scope on earth. All they needed was the money to make the project a reality, and last week they got it- a $70 million grant to the California Institute of Technology and the University of California from the W. M. Keck Foundation of Los Angeles, established by the late founder of the Superior Oil Co. The Keck Observatory, which should be completed by 1993, will be set up on Hawaii’s 33

Manna Kea. Its telescope will have a mirror twice the size of the one in the Hale Telescope on Mount Palomar, Calif., now the largest in the United States. (The Soviet Union has a six-meter instrument but American experts maintain it has never worked properly.)And, says Howard B. Keck, chairman of the foundation, “I’m told it will permit one to see the light of a single candle from the distance of the moon.” Designed at U. C. Berkely to complement the space telescope to be launched next year from the space shuttle, the Keck telescope will let astronomers see objects 12 billion light years away. They will be able to investigate the nature of quasars (类星 体) and explore how galaxies and stars evolved. Marvin L. Goldberger, president of Caltech, says it should help “provide answers to the most challenging and basic questions of the universe.” 6.Astronomers in California have been working on a 10-meter telescope for about ______ . A.12 years B.10 years C.20 years D. half a year 7.The design hasn’t become a reality as yet owing to ______ . A.financial problems B.technological difficulties C.wide-spread disapproval D.uncertain reliability 8.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to this passage? ______ . A.W.M. Keck promises $70 million to the project. B.W.M. Keck. is now presiding over the Keck Foundation. C.W.M. Keck established a fund, which now promises the grant. D.W.M. Keck is now the owner of the Superior Oil Co. 9.In the sentence “… American experts maintain it has never worked properly”, the word “maintain” means ______ . A.remain C.propose B.retain D.insist

10.The 10-meter telescope was designed ______ . A.to see the light of a single candle from the moon B.to be fitted into the new space shuttle C.to investigate farther into the universe D.to see objects 12 billion miles away Passage Three In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a wide and extensive knowledge of what has been said and done in the world; critically to inquire into it; carefully to ponder(深思)over it; clearly to sift it; and earnestly to carry it out. It matters not what you learn, but when you once learn a thing, you must never give it up until you have mastered it. It matters not what you inquire into, but when you inquire into a thing, you must never give it up until you have thoroughly understood it. It matters not what you try to think out, but when you once try to think out a thing, you must never give it up until you have got what you want. It matters not what you try to sift out, but when you once try to sift out a thing, you must never give it up until you have sifted it out clearly and distinctly. It matters not what you try to carry out, but when you once try to carry out a thing, you must never give it up until you have done it thoroughly and well. If another man succeeds by one effort, you will use a hundred efforts. If another man succeeds by ten efforts, you will use a thousand efforts. 11.According to the author, the ultimate purpose of study is to learn to ______ . 34

A.be one’s true self C.succeed in a profession 12.According to the author, ______ . A.learning is unimportant C.thinking is of the least importance 13.Tht end of learning should be ______ . A.thought C.mastery

B.be a specialist D.become wealthy B.knowledge is unnecessary D.it doesn’t matter what we learn B.inquiry D.analysis

14.To successfully carry out the author’s program a person would have to be, most of all, ______ . A.extremely intelligent B.very wealthy C.very persistent D.both A and B 15.Implied but not stated: A.It is necessary to obtain a wide knowledge of what has been said and done in the world. B.The way to knowledge is through specialization. C.Success depends not so much on natural ability as it does on effort. D.Success in one’s profession is least important in one’s life. Passage Four An “early bird” used to be a person who was awake early and began his (or her) day’s work before other people. The people who said it were thinking of an old saying: “It is the early bird that catches the worm.” But since 1965 the Early Bird has had a different meaning. The modern Early Bird is a communications satellite in orbit round the earth. The use of wires to carry telephone communications and for other purposes of the same kind does not satisfy modern needs. We had to use radio. But the radio waves that we use for these purposes microwaves travel in straight lines. They do not follow the curve of the earth’s surface. We can send them from one radio station to another —a relay station (转播站)— where we amplify (放大)them and send them on to a third station. If there is no relay station within about 50 kilometers to receive the microwaves, they will continue into space. At a certain height, some of them are sent back to earth. A powerful station several hundred kilometers from their starting-point can receive them. But these are not good ways of sending the thousands of telephone, radio and television signals across the oceans. Scientists were thinking about communications satellites. They wanted to produce satellites big enough to separate a large number of different signals, amplify them and then relay them powerfully. And they wanted to put each of these satellites into an orbit which would keep it over one point on the surface of the turning world. With four satellites of this kind - two over the Atlantic, one over the Pacific, and one over the Indian Ocean we could send radio, television, and telephone signals from any one place to any other place on the surface of the earth. Early Bird was the first of these new communications satellites. It went into orbit in a “fix” position over the Atlantic Ocean on 2 May 1965. Just over two years later, the second and third satellites went into position over the Pacific Ocean. This made it possible for people in a large number of countries to see the same television pictures at the same time. On 25 June 1967, very large numbers of people in very many countries saw and heard the same television program “live”. The program was called “Our World”. It dealt with man’s problems and difficulties. It also 35

dealt with man’s successes and his hopes for the future. The pictures and the sound were relayed by the Atlantic and Pacific satellites; they came from Africa, America, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Japan, and Europe. And they were received in all those parts of the world - received “loud and clear”, as the radio men say. 16.In this text Early Bird refers to ______ . A.a person who was awake very early B.a person who began work before anyone else C.communications satellites over the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Indian Oceans D.one of these satellites in orbit around the earth 17.What does a communications satellite do? A.It sends TV signals to any part of the world. B.It receives radio, telephone and TV signals from any part of the world. C.It serves as a radio, telephone and relay station. D.It broadcasts live programs around the world. 18.How many satellites are necessary to send radio or TV signals from any one place to any other place around the world? A.One. C.Three. B.Two. D.Four.

19.Early Bird went into orbit in a “fix” position. What does this mean? A.Its orbit keeps it always over the same place on the earth’s surface. B.It is not moving and so it always stays in the same place. C.It is usually over one of the oceans. D.It only relays certain signals but not other signals. 20.People in many countries saw and heard the same television program “live”. What does this mean? A.It means what they saw and heard was true. B.It means they could see and hear the program while they were still alive. C.It means the program they saw and heard then was at actual performance. D.It means the program took place in real life. Part II Vocabulary, Structure and Grammar(30%) C.raised D.rose 21.Our hopes ______ and fell in the same instant. A.aroused B.arose

22.I caught a ______ of the taxi before it disappeared around the corner of the street. A.vision B.glimpse C.look D.scene 23.The new appointment of our president ______ from the very beginning of the next term. A.takes effect B takes part C.takes place D.takes over 24.I hate people who ______ the end of a film that you haven’t seen before. A.reveal B.rewrite C.review D.release 25.A ______ to this problem is expected to be found before long. A.result B.response C.settlement D.solution

26.The shy girl felt ______ and uncomfortable when she could not answer her teacher’s questions. A.amazed B.awkward C.curious D.conscious 27.Although they plant trees in this area every year, the top of some hills are still ______ . A.blank B.hollow C.vacant D.bare 28.A lorry ______ Jane’s cat and sped away. A.ran over B.ran into 36 C.ran out D.ran through

29.I didn’t know the word. I had to ______ a dictionary.

A.look out

B.make out

C.refer to

D.figure out D.is worthy D.frequently

30.The picture ______ so much money that nobody can afford it. A.worth B.deserves C.value 31.The patient ______ does not want to eat anything today. A.particularly B.apparently C.supposedly

32.He closed the discussion with the ______ that the economy is showing signs of improvement. A.appreciation B.suggestion C.comment D.information 33.The computer is vastly thought to be ______ to the book. A.better B.superior C.sensitive 34.We are now ______ of the new house. A.in case B.in need C.in possession D.associated D.in terms D.variable

35.Foreign visitors are impressed by the ______ of Chinese food. A.various B.variation C.variety

36. ______ in the office had made a mistake, and the firm regretted causing the customer inconvenience. A.Some B.Anyone C.One D.Someone 37.We hadn’t met for 20 years, but I recognized her ______ I saw her. A.for the moment B.the moment when C.at the moment which D.the moment 38.The old New England villages have changed relatively little ______ a gas station or two in recent decades. A.except B.besides C.in addition to D.except for 39.He was punished ______ he should make the same mistakes again. A.unless B.lest C.if 40.The boy spent as much time watching TV as he ______ studying. A.does B.had C.was 41.The mother didn’t know who ______ for the broken glass. A.blamed B.to blame C.be blamed 42.Had he worked harder, he ______ the exams. A.must have got through C.would get through D.but D.did D.would blame

B.would have got through D.could get through D.being cut D.will you please to

43.Your hair wants ______ . You’d better have it done tomorrow. A.cut B.to cut C.cutting 44.The box is too heavy, ______ give me a hand? A.would you mind B.would you please C.will you like to

45.Americans eat ______ as they actually need every day. A.twice as much protein B.twice protein as much twice C.twice protein as much D.protein as twice much 46.We are all for your proposal that the discussion ______. A.be put off B.was put off C.be put away D.were put away

47.All the readers there looked up at him simultaneously ______ by this unaccustomed disturbance. A.to annoy B.be annoyed C.annoying D.annoyed 48.Only then ______ that I was wrong. A.I did realize B.I realized C.have I realized D.did I realized

49.I’ve already told you that I’m going to buy it, ______. A.however much it costs B.however does it costs much 37

C.how much does it cost

D.no matter how it costs D.unless

50.I’m sure he is up to the job ______ he would give his mind to it. A.if only B.till C.until Part III Cloze (10%)

When a man is taller and stronger than other men, he is sometimes called a giant. Many people ___ 51 ___ Wilt Chamberlain as a giant. He is ___ 52 ___ tall that he has a special, extra-long bed ___ 53 ___ and a special car with enough ___ 54 ___ for his long leg. When Wilt played basketball, he was ___ 55 ___ famous basketball players in the world. It is ___ 56 ___ for a basketball player to be tall. Basketball is a game ___ 57 ___ the tall and strong. But Wilt was ___ 58 ___ that. There were other players ___ 59 ___ Wilt, but no one else was so skillful ___ 60 ___ shooting baskets and jumping up high to get ___ 61 ___. During his playing days, Wilt ___ 62 ___ about $200,00 a year. That was ___ 63 ___ the president of the United States earned for ___ 64 ___ President. At that time, it was more than ___ 65 ___ in the entire history of sports had ___ 66 ___ been paid. Wilt played for ___ 67 ___. He helped to make it ___ 68 ___ in the Western Division of the National Basketball Association, ___ 69 ___ is a group of the very finest ___ 70 ___ teams in the world. 51.A.call in B.think of C.call on D.think about 52.A.such B.very C.so D.fairly 53.A.for sleep B.sleeping in C.with sleep D.to sleep in 54.A.position B.space C.rooms D.places 55.A.the most B.the best C.one of the most D. one of the best 56.A.not common B.not unusual C.extraordinary D.unpopular 57.A.about B.awaiting C.for D.from 58.A.more than B.more often C.even more D.something like 59.A.famous as B.as big as C.so great as D.much strong than 60.A.for B.with C.at D.above 61.A.rebounds B.repayment C.reputation D.refusal 62.A.paid B.was paying C.have paid D.was paid 63.A.which B.where C.what D.that 64.A.electing B.paying C.being D.h aving 65.A.any other athlete B.other athletes C.all the others D.the others 66.A.never B.ever C.else where D.however 67.A.Los Angeles’ Lakers team B.Los Angeles Lakers team C.The Los Angeles’ Lakers team D.the Los Angeles Lakers team 68.A.a best team B.the most best team C.the best team D.best teams 69.A.that B.what C.who D.which 70.A.educational B.professional C.occupational D.academic Part IV Translation(20%) 71.没等她来得及再抱怨,那个经理就起身离开了办公室。 A.Before the manager got on his feet and left the office, she couldn’t complain any more. B.The manager got to his feet and left the office before she could make any more complaints. C.She couldn’t wait to make any more complaints then the manager stood up and left the office. D.The manager couldn’t wait for her to complain any more to get up and left the office. 72.除了美国和英国外,别的许多国家也说英语,诸如加拿大,澳大利亚和新西兰。 A.Besides the United States and England, English is spoken in many other countries, such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. 38

B.Beside the U.S.and England, English is speaking in many other countries, such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. C.In addition to the U.S.and England, English is speaking in so many other countries as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. D.In addition the United States and England, English is spoken in many such other countries as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. 73.她刚进房间,突然看见桌上有奇怪的东西。 A.She had just come into the room, then she saw something strange on the table. B.She has just come into the room when she saw a strange thing on the table. C.She had just come into the room when she saw something strange on the table. D.She came into the room then she suddenly saw a strange thing on the table. 74.这家公司准备裁减五十名工人,原因是人员过剩。 A.The company is going to cut away 50 workers. The reason for this is that there is a surplus of personnel. B.The firm is going to cut down 50 workers. The reason for this is that there is a surplus of personnel. C.The firm will cut off 50 workers. The reason for this is because there is a surplus of personnel. D.The company will cut out 50 workers. The reason for this is because there is a surplus of personnel. 75.我们的宿舍在第二层,前窗朝南。 A.Our dormitory is at the second ground having the front windows faced the south. B.Our dormitory is on the second ground having the front windows facing the south. C.Our dorm is at the second floor with the front windows faced the south. D.Our dorm is on the second floor with the front windows facing the south. 76.请详细描述上星期天发生的交通事故。 A.Please describe the traffic incident which had happened last Sunday. B.Please described the traffic accident that had happened the Sunday before. C.Please described the traffic incident that happened the Sunday before. D.Please describe the traffic accident which happened last Sunday. 77.空谈费时有什么好处? A.What is the good to talk idly and waste time? B.Is wasting time and gossiping any use? C.What good is it to waste time in idle talk? D.What is any good it gossip and waste time? 78.由于一倒树阻挡道路,他们不能继续向前驶。 A.A falling tree blocked the road. As a result, they couldn’t drive on. B.They couldn’t drive forward because of a fallen tree blocked the road. C.They couldn’t drive on as a result of a fallen tree blocking the road. D.A fallen tree blocked the road, they couldn’t drive forward. 79.不论什么级别,不论贫富,在法律面前人人平等。 A.Whatever his rank, however rich or poor, everybody is equal before the law. B.Whatever his rank is, however rich or poor, everyone is fair before the law. C.No matter what his rank is, how rich or poor, everybody is equal in front of the law. D.No matter what his rank, how rich or poor, everyone is fair in front of the law. 80.证人自己伤势很重,所以不能亲自出庭。 A.The victim was seriously wounded, so he couldn’t be in court in person. B.The witness was badly wounded himself, so he couldn’t appear in court in person. C.The victim wounded himself badly, thus he couldn’t appear in court personally. D.The witness wounded seriously, thus he couldn’t be at court personally.

39

2003 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage one Another behind-the-scenes technology that will help speed the delivery of information requested by a user is called XML, which stands for Extensible Markup Language and is widely viewed as the successor to HTML, the hypertext markup language used in Web page creation. “XML is a lingua franca (混合语) … it lets everyone agree on how to describe a document (and its contents) , how to transport it and how to inter-operate with other languages ,” said Don DePalma , Massachusetts. While XML is really a technology for “tagging” documents, it allows for faster distribution of documents, because the stored content can be uniquely tagged with a particular field, enabling a user to more narrowly focus a search. For example, a medical publisher can tag the word penicillin using an “allergies” (过敏) tag , so that the user gets only search results for the word penicillin within the context of the topic group “allergies.” XML is already a standard and is being adopted by the industry in droves (大批), including by the major search engines, and all the big sofware makers, including Microsoft Corp. The Street. com, an online investment and financial news Web site, plans to adopt XML as part of a new content management and e-commerce system for esrly 1999, so it can more early syndicate (v.通过报业辛迪 加在多家报纸同时发表文章、漫画等) its content and streamline (v.精简) the editorial process. Workflow technology, software which manages a business process, will also be in widespread use to manage Web site publishing processes, DePalma said, adding that the accidental release of the US Bureau of Labor Statistics October payroll data last month could have been avoided with workflow. “Workflow is a gotta-have capability, ” DePalma said. 1. According to the passage , “another behind-the-scenes technology” refers to ______ . A.web pages B.web sites C.Extensible Markup Language D.the hypertext markup language 2. The writer views XML as the “successor” to HTML because ______ . A.XML comes after HXML B.HTML comes after XML C.XML succeeds in creating HTML D.HTML succeeds in creating XML 3.How can XML enable a user to more narrowly focus a search ? A.It focuses a search. B.It distributes documents faster. C.It tags documents with a particular field. D.It allows for faster distribution of documents. 4. XML is NOT adopted by the following except ______ . A.workflow B.the Street. com 40 a principal analyst at Forrester Research in Cambridge,

C.the US Bureau of Labor Statistics A.A New Internet Technology C.A Technology for More Efficient Searching Passage Two

D.Microsoft Corp B.A Lingua Franca—XML D.A Technique for Tagging Documents

5. The most accurate title for the selection will be ______ .

Ever sonce humans have inhabited the earth, they have made use of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of oral speech. When there is a language barrier, communication is accomplished through sign language in which motions stand for letters, words and ideas. Tourists, the deaf, and the mute have had to resort to this form of expression. Many of these symbols of whole words are very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally; spelling, however, cannot. Body language transmits ideas or thoughts by certain actions, either intentionally or unintentionally. A wink can be a way of flirting or indicating that the party is only joking. A nod signifies an approval, while shaking the head indicates a negative reaction. Other forms of nonlinguistic language can be found in Braille (a system of raised dots read with the fingertips ), signal flags, Morse code, and smoke signals. Road maps and picture signs also guide, warn, and instruct people. While verbalization is the most common form of language, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings. 6. Which of the following best summarizes this passage?. A.Everybody uses only one form of communication. B.When language is a barrier, people will find other forms of communication. C.Nonlinguistic language is invaluable to foreigners. D.Although other forms of communication exist, verbalization is the fastest. 7. which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A.There are many forms of communication in existence today. B.Verbalization is the most common form of communication. C.Ideas and thoughts can be transmitted by language. D.The deaf and mute do not need sign language for communication . 8. Which form other than oral speech would be most commonly used among blind people? A.Braille B.Picture signs C.Body language D.Signal flags 9. How nany different forms of communication are mentioned here? A.2—4 C.8—10 B.5—7 D.Over 10

10.Sign language is said to be very picturesque and exact and can be used intentionally as it doesn’t represent _____ . A.feelings C.ideas Passage Three In 1958, the Navy’s nuclear-powered submarine Nautilus surfaced in the Greenland Sea after a 1,830-mile journey, under the polar ice pack, from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. A number of surface ships had sailed 41 B.whole words D.spellings

between those oceans, either via the Northwest Passage, close to the islands of the Canadian Arctic, or via the Northeast Passage, along the northern coasts of Europe and Asia; the Nautilus, however, was the first ship to go from ocean to ocean via the North Pole. The Nautilus, in 96 hours, sailed an almost direct course under the ice, traveling a greater part of the way at a depth of 400 feet and a speed of 20 knots. The submarine was well below the ice, which in general is only from 7 to 14 feet thick, though stalactites (钟乳石) sometimes reach depths of 125 feet. This voyage effectively brought to the world’s attention the potential role of nuclear-powered submarines, capable of prowling (潜行) beneath the polar pack and launching missiles from any of the countless lagoons and channels of open water that divide it. The submarine also seems to have been designed to offset (抵消) the effect of the Soviet sputniks (人造地 球卫星)on world opinion. Although the Nautilus did not come back empty-handed from the scientific point of view, the voyage was as much a demonstration of potential as it was a scientific expedition. Undoubtedly, much more was learned about the polar pack by those aboard the two American and two Soviet ice-borne, scientific stations then adrift in the Arctic Ocean than by the group that manned the Nautilus. 11. It is ______ that the Nautilus was the first ship of any kind to sail between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans along a northern route. A.implied C.true B.false D.impossible to determine

12. The unusual feature of this inter-ocean voyage was that the Nautilus ______ . A.sailed to the Greenland Sea B.traveled thousands of miles C. journeyed under the ice pack D.traveled from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean 13. The Nautilus ______ . A. steered a direct course via the North Pole C.averaged 40 knots B.traveled at a depth of 400 feet D.both A and B

14. The journey of the Nautilus ______ . A.had no military significance B.was little noted by the rest of the world C.proved that atomic-powered submarines cannot be used to launch missiles D.proved to the world the capability of nuclear-powered submarines to navigate in polar waters 15.The author suggests that the journey of the Nautilus was partly intended ______ . A.as propaganda to offset the success of the Russian sputniks B.to prove the feasibility of launching a moon satellite from the Greenland Sea C.to offset the success of a Russian nuclear-powered submarine D.to discover Russian missile sites in Siberia Passage Four Every night she listened to her father going around the house, locking the doors and windows. She listened: the back door closed she could hear the fastener of the kitchen window’s click, and the restless pad of his feet going back to try the front door. It wasn’t only the outside doors he locked; he locked the empty kitchen too. He

42

was looking something out, but obviously it was something capable of entering into his first defenses. He raised his second line all the way up to bed . In fourteen years, she thought unhappily, the house would be his; he had paid twenty-five pounds down and the rest he was paying month by month as rent. “Of course,” he was in the habit of saying, “I’ ve improved the poverty.” “Yes,” he repeated, “I’ ve improved the poverty, ” looking around for a nail to drive in, a weed to uproot. It was more than a sense of property, it was a sense of honesty. Some people who bought their homes through the society let them go to rack and ruin and then cleared out. She stood with her ear against the wall, a small, dark, angry, immature figure. There was no more to be heard from the other room; but in her inner ear she still heard the foot-steps of a property owner, the tap-tap of a hammer, the scrape of a spade, the whistle of radiator steam, a key turning, a bolt pushed home, the little busy sounds of men building barriers. She stood planning. 16.Which of the following is TRUE of the father in the passage? A.He thought a lot about his daughter’s future? B.He thought that he was secure. C.He saved a lot of money for his daughter. D.He avoided his neighbors on purpose. 17.From the passage we can see that the father is ______ . A.systematical in his actions B.cruel to his daughter and neighbors C.kind to his daughter and neighbors D.careful about his appearance 18. According to the passage, the daughter’s attitude toward his father is of ______ . A.slight dislike B.strong love C.great disapproval D.grateful acceptance 19.Which of the following feelings is conveyed in the passage? A.Nervousness. B.Peace. C.Tenseness. D.Happiness. 20. All of the following are TRUE except that ______ . A.the father built his defenses carefully B.some property owners let their homes go worse C.the father punished the girl when she was young D.the daughter was thin and very young Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%) 21. The government is trying to do something to ______ better understanding between the two countries. A.raise B.heighten C.promote D.increase 22. Some diseases are ______ by certain water animals. A.transported B.transplanted C.transformed D.transmitted

23.In the United States during the mid-1960s an inflation rate of three percent per year ______ great alarm. A.raised B.arose C.aroused D.rose 24.Though they seem to be real, all the characters in this book are in fact ______. A.imaginable B.imaginary C.imaginative D.imagination 25.Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still ______. A.blank B.vacant C.bare D.hollow 26.The manager needs an assistant that he can ______ to take care of problems in his absence. A.count up B.count in C.count on D.count out 43

27. I am a foreigner here. Must I ______ the police?. A.contact with B.register with C.compete with

D.communicate with

28. He has been exposed ______ English in America over the past two years. A.with B.to C.into D.in 29.Criticism and self-criticism is necessary ______ it helps us to correct our mistakes. A.in that B.in vain C.in turn D.in time 30. The search was ______ when it was getting late. A.bettered off B.taken off C.fell off 31. He did not pass the examination, because his ______ was limited. A.data B.information C.knowledge 32.It is vital that enough money ______ to fund the project. A.be collected B.must be collected C.is collected D.called off D.material D.can be collected

33.He raises flowers and plants; ______ , he raises rare fish in his spare time. A.moreover B.however C.whereas D.yet 34.The icy conditions made our travel dangerous, so ______ going by car we took the underground. A.in spite of B.apart from C.instead of D.other than 35.Wealthy ______ he was, the governor would not spend a penny on such things. A.as B.even if C.though D.however 36.Tourism, a major ______ of income for the city, may be seriously affected by the atypical pneumonia (非典 型肺炎). A.resource B.origin C.source D.root

37. The computer revolution may well change society as ______ did the Industrial Revolution. A.certainly B.insignificantly C.fundamentally D.comparatively 38. ______ table tennis was accepted as a regular part of the Olympic Games A.Not until 1986 C.It was in 1986 when B.It was not until 1986 that D.It was until 1986 39. It is the first time we ______ such a great quantity of cotton. A.imported B.have imported C.should import D.would have imported D.having influenced D.besides D.that D.to be damaged D.would have come

40. In our modern society no one can avoid ______ by advertisements. A.to be influenced B.being influenced C.influencing 41. She hurried when she knew that everybody was ready ______ her. A.except B.beside C.except for 42. Why is ______ you are so late for class? A.it that B.that it C.it be

43. The furniture arrived ______ , so we had to send it back. A.damaging B.to damage C.damaged 44. He was very busy yesterday, otherwise he ______ to the party. A.would come B.should come C.came

45.The people at the party were worried about Jane because no one was aware ______ she had gone. A.where that B.of where 44

C. of the place in which 46. ______, the problem remaimed unsolved. A.Not having been discussed B.Having not been discussed

D.the place C.Not having discussed D.Having not discussed

47.Law school doesn’t take ______ medical school does. A.as more years as C.as many years as B.many years more than D.years as many as 48.______ you’ve tried it, you can’t imagine how interesting it is. A.When B.If C.Once

D.Unless

49. Air is a mixture ______ components are very useful in the chemical industry. A.which B.whose C. that D.its 50. The teacher together with his students ______ to visit the museum. A.has been B.is C.are Part III Cloze (10%) D.have been

Let children learn to judge 51 own work. A child 52 to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time; if 53 too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference 54 the language he uses and the language others around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things do them without being taught—to walk, run, climb, or ride a bicycle. They compare their own performances 55 those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to 56 his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act 57 we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed 58 to him, or correct it 59 he was made to. So he becomes dependent 60 the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is 61 that problem, 62 this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter of right answers, 63 it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time 64 such 65 work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he cannot find the way to get the right answer. Let us end all this nonsense or grades, exams, marks. Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn 66 all educated persons 67 some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know. Let them 68 with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as school teachers, if they ask for it. The idea 69 there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as 70 . Anxious parents and teachers say, “But suppose they fail to learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world? ” Don’t worry ! If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it. 51.A.his B.their C.its 52.A.learning B.learned C.being learned 53.A.correcting B.having corrected C.corrected 54.A.among B.of C.during 55.A.with B.to C.by D.ones D.having learned D.being corrected D.between D.over 45

56.A.work out 57.A.while 58.A.at 59.A.unless 60.A.of 61.A.of 62.A.if 63.A.as 64.A.in 65.A.regular 66.A.that 67.A.must 68.A.go about 69.A.which 70.A.ours

B.make out B.as if B.down B.if B.on B.about B.that B.like B.on B.ordinary B.those B.may B.get on B.by which B.our

C.find out C.even if C.off C.because C.with C.to C.provided C.likewise C.beyond C.routine C.which C.should C.get up C.who C.us

D.give off D.though D.out D.as D.to D.for D.whether D.if D.up D.habitual D.what D.can D.get across D.that D.their

Part IV Translation(20%) 71.化学家和生物学家发现大脑的工作方式远比他们所想的复杂得多。 A.Chemists and biologists have found how the brain works is by far much complex than they thought. B.Chemists and biologists have founded that the way the brain works is so far more complex than they thought. C.Chemists and biologists have founded how the brain works is much complicated than they thought. D.Chemists and biologists have found that the way the brain works is far more complicated than they thought. 72.美国的缔造者们相信,只有赢得人民的信任,他们的事业才能成功。 A.The American founders believed that their course could not win unless they were confident in the people. B.The American founders believed that their cause could not win if they had not the confidence of the people. C.The America founders believed that their cause could not win unless they were confident of the people. D.The American founders believed that their course could not win if they had not the confidence in the people. 73.与一百克烧熟的汉堡包相比,一百克白蚁所含的热量是它的两倍多。 A.One hundred grams of termites hold more than twice as much calories as one hundred grams cooked hamburger. B.One hundred grams of termites contain more than twice as many calories as one hundred grams cooked hamburger. C.One hundred grams of termites involve more than twice as much calories as one hundred grams cooking hamburger. D. One hundred grams of termites include twice more as many calories as one hundred grams cooking hamburger. of of of of

74.现在还没有任何一种技术能够绝对安全地处理核废料,而核废料的放射性会持续数百年之久。 A.We have no technology for absolutely safe disposal of nuclear waste, that will remain active for hundreds of years. B.There is no technology for absolutely safe dispose of nuclear waste, that will remain active for hundreds of years. 46

C. We have no technology for absolutely safe dispose of nuclear waste, which will remain active for hundreds of years. D. There is no technology for absolutely safe disposal of nuclear waste, which will remain active for hundreds of years. 75.在村庄里你可能会生活在朋友之中,这是事实;但是,你却被隔绝于发生在城市里的种种激动人 心的重大的事件之外,这也是事实。 A.While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, but it is also true that you are cut off the exciting and important events which happen in cities. B.It is true that you may be among friends in a village, but it is also true that you cut off from the exciting and important events that occur in cities. C. It is true that you may be among friends in a village, whereas it is also true that you are cut off from the exciting and important events that take place in cities. D. While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, it is also true that you cut off from the excited and important events that come out in cities. 76.一本书的销售情况取决于作者,也取决于出版商。 A.What a book sells depends on the author, but it is also based on the publisher. B.That a book sales depends on the author, but it also depends on the publisher. C.Whether a book sales depends on the author, but it is also based on the publisher. D.How a book sells depends on the author, but it also depends on the publisher. 77.他们对我们的建议一概拒绝,全然不顾其可取之处。 A.They refused all our proposals, regardless with the merits. B.They denied all our proposals, regardless with their merits. C.They rejected all of our proposals, regardless of their merits. D.They declined all our proposals, regardless of its merits. 78.英译汉的时候越细心越好。 A.You can never be too careful about English-Chinese translation. B.You can not be very careful about English-Chinese translation. C.You can be too careful about English-Chinese translation. D.You can be very careful about English-Chinese translation. 79.很显然,许多人都认为,一个人在工作上花的时间越多,他的成绩便越大。 A.Apparently, many people think that the more time a person spends in work, the much she or accomplishes. B.Apparently, many people believe that the more time a person spends on work, the more she or accomplishes. C.Obviously, many people feel that a person spends more time at work, the more she or accomplishes. D.Obviously, many people consider that the much time a person spends on work, the much she or accomplishes. 80.他没有严格遵守安全操作守则,结果损坏了机器。 A.He failed to observe strictly the rules for operation resulted from damage to the machine. B.His failure to observe strictly the rules for operation resulted in damage to the machine. C.His failure observing strictly the rules for operation resulted in damage to the machine. D.He failed to observe strictly the rules for operation that resulted from damage to the machine. he he he he

47

2004 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage one Washington Irving was America's first man of letters to be known internationally. His works were received enthusiastically both in England and in the United States. He was, in fact, one of the most successful writers of his time in either country, delighting a large general public and at the same time winning the admiration of fellow writers like Scott in Britain and Poe and Hawthrone in the United States. The respect in which he was held was partly owing to the man himself, with his warm friendliness, his good sense, his politeness, his gay spirits, his artistic integrity, his love of both the Old World and the New World. Thackery described Irving as "a gentleman, who, though himself born in no very high sphere, was most finished, polished, witty; socially the equal of the most refined Europeans".In England he was granted an honorary degree from Oxford——an unusual honor for a citizen of a young, uncultured nation——and he received the medal of the Royal Society of Literature; America made him ambassador to Spain. Irving's background provides little to explain his literary achievements. A gifted but delicate child, he had little schooling. He studied law, but without zeal, and never did practice seriously. He was immune to his strict Presbyterian (长老会教徒的) home environment, frequenting both social gatherings and the theater. 1.What is the most proper comment on lrving? ______ . A.His works were very popular in England and the United States. B.He was respected by many fellow writers. C.He gained international fame by his personality and his works. D.He is a gentleman. 2.What can we infer from Thackery's description about lrving? ______ . A.Irving tried to show elegance in society. B.Irving's parents were not aristocratic(贵族的). C.Irving's social grace was as same as most Europeans. D.Irving was inferior to Europeans of refinement. 3.Why is it unusual that Irving was granted an honorary degree from Oxford?______ . A.Because his degree was honorary rather than earned. B.Because he was not so successful as his fellow writers. C.Because he was from America, a country with young history and less culture. D.Because Oxford was a famous university in England. 4. What is true about lrving's background?______ . A.His background had provided opportunity for his literary achievements. B.As a gifted child, he did not receive much education. C.He had interests in working as a lawyer. D.His religious belief helped him a lot. 5. The tone of the author can be said to be______ . 48

A. serious Passage Two

B.mild

C.friendly

D.appreciative

Bionics is a recently developed branch of science, which has tremendous potential for improving the life of mankind in our contemporary society. Bionics can be described as the study of systems in living creatures and the application of the knowledge gained from this study to the improvement of various kinds of man-made systems. The term bionics was coined around 1960, and much of what is known about the science of bionics has been discovered since about 1970. Some researchers recently have studied the eyes of the common frogs and have discovered that a frog's eyes only find moving things such as insect-shaped objects and large, threatening objects. As a result of studying the eyes of frogs, scientists have constructed a simple electronic model of a frog's eyes which can track airplanes circling above an airport and then provide information to computer-run air traffic control systems. Someday such electronic eyes may provide the means to automatically guide automobiles by providing information about objects moving toward the automobile. Other scientists have studied the compound eyes of some insects and crabs and have built a seeing machine that is a simple model of the horseshoe crab eye. The hearing of a number of creatures also has been studied extensively so that hearing machines can be developed. Bats have unusual hearing which can extend into the ultrasonic (超声的) range. The dolphin also has been studied extensively, and dolphins are able to navigate through water extremely effectively.Radar and sonar (声纳) systems which are used to help ships and planes navigate have been based on the sonar systems of both bats and dolphins. 6. Which of the following could be the best title?______ . A.Electronic Eyes B.The Science of Bionics C.Sonar Systems D.The Hearing of Some Creatures 7.What type of eyes are found in the crab? ______ . A.Electronic eyes. B.Insect-shaped eyes. C.Compound eyes. D.Complicated eyes. 8.Upon what creatures is the man-made sonar system based? ______ . A.Bats and dolphins. B.Frogs and crabs. C.Crabs and bats. D.Insects and dolphins. 9. Scientists are interested in the eyes of frogs because______ . A.frogs' eyes are large and threatening B.frogs' eyes are extremely sharp C. frogs have compound eyes D.frogs can only see moving objects 10. Which of the following is true according to this passage?______ A.Not until about 1960 did the word bionics come into being. B.Bionics is the study of the systems in animals. C.Bionics is the only study of the eyes and ears of some creatures. D.People didn't know much about the science of bionics until 1960. Passage Three Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful ? This might be called laziness,but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. 49

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you' re "hot". That' s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: "Get up, John!You'll be late for work again!" The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has . You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to . If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle , but you'll get up steam ( 振作 ) and work better at your low point. Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours. 11. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably______ . A.he is “hot” B.he refuses to follow his own energy cycle C.he is not sure when his energy is low D.he is very energetic in the afternoon or evening 12. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?______ A.Unawareness of family members' energy cycles. B.Familiar monologues. C. A change in a family member's energy cycle. D.Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members. 13. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should______ . A. change his energy cycle B.overcome his laziness C.get up earlier than usual D.go to bed earlier 14. You are advised to get up leisurely because it will______ . A.help to keep your energy for the day's work B.help you to control your temper early in the day C.enable you to concentrate on your routine work D.keep your energy cycle under control all day 15.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A.It is very difficult for one to change his energy cycle. B.Dr.Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day. C.Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle. D.Children have energy cycles, too. Passage Four Many times of an evening I would stand on the shore and looked out to sea, where a curious phosphorescent (发磷光的) green was changing to a transparent blue . Behind the camp the setting sun, like a 50

flaming ball, painted the mountains purple and gold. The air was like champagne,and as we were in the Gulf Stream the weather was beautifully mild. While violent snowstorms were raging in England, we were enjoying the most perfect flying weather and a day which lasted for nearly twentyfour hours. On leave for four days , Nobel and I drove across Scotland to the west coast and took the ferry (渡船) over to Skye. The small stone quay (码头) was spotted with shops; a bus was drawn up by the waterside, a hotel advertisement on its side. I looked at Nobel and he nodded. We had come pre-pared to be disappointed. But we had not driven far before the road gave way to a winding(蜿蜒的) track and the only signs of habitation (居住地) were a few crofters' (苏格兰小农场佃户的) cotta-ges.It was evening when we drew up outside the Sligachan Inn at the foot of the Coolin Mountains. The innkeeper welcomed us and showed us our rooms. From every window was the same view , gray mountains rising in austere (简朴的) beauty, their peaks hidden in a white mist, and everywhere a great feeling of stillness.The shadows that lengthened across the valley, the streams that coursed down the rocks, the thin mist turning now into night, all a part of that stillness. I shivered; Skye was a world that one would either love or hate. There could be no in-between. “It is very beautiful,” said the landlord. “Yes,” I said , “ it' s beautiful. ” “But only mountaineers or fools will climb those pesks.” “We' re both fools,” Nobel said shortly. “So be it. Dinner is at eight-thirty.” We stood a while at the window. The night was clear and our heads felt clesr and cold as the air. We smelled the odor (气息) of the ground in the spring after rain, and behind us the wood smoke of the pine fire in our room ,and we were content. For these are the odors of nostalgia (乡愁), spring mist and wood smoke, and never the scent of a woman or of food . We were alone in the inn save for one old man who had returned there to diet .His hair was white, but his face and bearing were still those of a mountaineer , though he must have been a great age. He never spoke, but appeared regularly at meals to take his place at a table tight-pressed against the window, alone with his wine and his memories. We thought him rather fine. 16. What was the weather like in Scotland at the time of this story ?______ . A.It was very warm. B.It was severely cold. C.It was not really cold. D.Snowstorms were raging across the land. 17.The writer and his friend drove across Scotland to the west coast________. A.to spend their holidays B.on a business trip C.to get away from the cold weather D.to enjoy the most perfect flying weather 18.They decided to stay in Skye________. A.because they knew it was a lovely place B.because they knew of the nice hotels there C. in spite of a great feeling of stillness D.even though they did not expect to like the place very much 19.They liked the Sligachan Inn because________. 51

A.it was at the foot of the mountains C.the food and service were good

B.they enjoyed mountain climbing D.it was a beautiful and quiet place

20.How did the writer get to know that the old man in the hotel had been a mountaineer? A.He learned about it from the landlord. B.Because the old man was always alone with his wine and memories. C.He learned by the way the old man looked and behaved. D.It was only his guess. Part II Vocabulary, Structure and Grammar(30%) 21.There was______ competition between the rival companies to get the contract. A.tense B.intense C.intent D.intensive 22.The three men were given work according to their________ abilities. A.respectable B.respectful C.respected D.respective

23.By November 1914 the government was forced to_____that the policy had failed. A.accept B.accuse C.accustom D.acknowledge 24.Color-blind people often find it difficult to _______ between blue and green. A.separate B.compare C.distinguish D.contrast 25.An old man working in the station in the evening was_______hurt by a bottle thrown by some passenger. A.accidentally B.casually C.occasionally D.carelessly 26.______ there is a good reason for her absence, as she doesn’t usually stay away from work. A.Incidentally B.Specifically C.Presumably D.Incredibly 27.She keeps a supply of candles in the house in case of a power_________. A.shortage B.lack C.absence D.failure 28.For the purpose of weather description and weather forecasts , the country is divided into six A.districts B.zones C.regions D.areas 29.What surprised me most was the amount of work still done______. A.on hand B.in hand C.by hand D.with hand ______.

30.He was not an easy grader; we used to complain about his grading standards, usually______. A.against our wish B.without efforts C.with no good reason D.to no avail 31.Richard doesn’t think he could ever_____what is called “free-style” poetry. A.take on B.take over C.take to D.take after 32.It’s sometimes difficuilt to______what is said over a loudspeaker. A.come out B.make out C.find out 33.Don’t______ too much on your past failures, think of the future. A.dwell B.depend C.build D.work out D.rely

34.I feel it’s my obligation to_______ my children to the arts, sports and various activities. A.convert B.expose C.reveal D.relate 35.Undergraduate students can have _____ to several books at a time in the school library. A.access B.entrance C.way D.admission 36.Never speak ill of ______ behind their backs. A.another B.others C.the other D.other

37.David found Elizabeth attractive not so much because of her beauty ______ because of her brain and her pride. 52

A.that

B.but

C.as

D.which

38.One of the most widely discussed problems of recent years has centered around ______ has come to be called the “generation gap”. A.that B.what C.which D.how

39.It’s decided that the present rate of deforestation ( 毁林 ) ______ to continue. A.will not be allowed B.is not allowed C.would not be allowed D.should not be allowed 40. Batteries should be kept in dry place______ electricity should leak away. A.for reason that B.in spite that C.in case that D.in order that 41.By no means ______ your three-year-old son alone at home. A.you do leave B.should you leave C.do you leave D.you should leave

42.The prominent psychologist admitted to ______ by an ambition to prove himself. A.be driven B.drive C.being driven D.driving 43.The chair looks rather hard, but in fact, it is very comfortable ______ . A.to sit B.to sit on C.to be sat D.to be sat on

44.We still have many problems ______ before we can produce atomic cars. A.overcoming B.having overcome C.to overcome D.to have overcome 45.The students ______ discussing, the teacher went on ______ the passage. A.finishing --- summarizing B.having finished --- to summarize C.to finish --- summarizing D.to have finished --- summarizing 46.If the sky fell down , what ______? A.did you think would happen C. do you think will happen B. do you think would happen D. do you think will have happened

47.With him working in London and his wife ______ most of the weeks , the house seems ptetty empty. A.traveling B.travels C.traveled D.has traveled 48.The well-covered passageway gave shoppers protection ______ the summer sun and the winter rain. A.off B.under C.from D.in 49.Jack admitted that he ought not to have taken away the book, ______? A.oughtn’t he B.ought he C.did he D.didn’t he

50.The speaker, ______ for her splendid speeches, was warmly received by the audience. A.having known B.has known C.knowing D.known Part III Cloze (10%) Everyone knows that taxation is necessary in a modern state: 51 it, it would not be possible to pay the soldiers and policemen who 52 us; 53 the workers in government offices who look after our health, our food ,our water ,and all 54 things that we cannot do for ourselves. 55 of taxation ,we pay for things that we need 56 as much as we need somewhere to live and something to eat . In most countries,a direct tax on persons, 57 is called income tax, exists. It is arranged in 58 a way that the poorest people pay nothing , and the 59 of tax grows greater as the taxpayers’ 60 grows. In England, for example, the tax on the 61 people goes up as 62 as ninety-five percent! But countries with direct taxation nearly always have 63 taxation too. Many things 64 into the country have to pay taxes or “duties”. 65 , it is the men and women who buy these imported things in the shops who 53

really have to pay the duties, in the 66 of higher prices. In some countries, too, there is a tax on things sold in the shops. If the most necessary things are taxed, a lot of money is collected, but the poor people suffer 67 . If unnecessary things like jewels and fur coats are taxed , 68 money is obtained, but the tax is fairer , as the 69 pay it. Probably this last kind of indirect tax , 70 with a direct tax on incomes which is low for the poor and high for the rich , is the best arrangement . 51.A.but for B.without 52.A.protect B.secure 53.A.no B.not 54.A.another B.the other 55.A.In the light B.With regard 56.A.just B.same 57.A.who B. that 58.A.so B.such 59.A.percent B.number 60.A.income B.wage 61.A.poor B.working 62.A.much B.large 63.A.invisible B.hidden 64.A.transported B.ported 65.A.In a word B.Of course 66.A.form B.shape 67.A.less B.least 68.A.greater B.more 69.A.country B.people 70.A.altogether B.together Part IV Translation(20%) C.because of C.guard C.nor C.others C.By means C.so C.what C.similar C.percentage C.money C.richest C.low C.indirect C.exported C.By the way C.size C.most C.less C.poor C.dealing D.instead of D.ensure D.all D.the others D. In terms D.well D.which D.some D.amount D.wealth D.ordinary D.high D.obvious D.imported D.For example D.name D.best D.the same D.rich D.comparing

71.实验结果远不令人满意。 A.The result of the experience is not very satisfying. B.The result of the experiment is far from satisfactory. C.The experiment’s outcome is not far from satisfaction. D.The result of the experience is not so satisfied. 72.除了发动机外,这辆小轿车的车况不错。 A.Every part of the car except for the engine is in good condition. B.Besides the engine all parts of the car are in good condition. C.Except the engine, the car is in good condition. D.All parts of the car other than the engine are in good condition. 73.他不时地转过脸去,好像在寻找某人。 A.He turned out every now and then as then as if to search for somebody. B.He turned to time and time again as though searching out somebody. C.From time to time he turned round as if searching for someone. D.At times he turned up as though in search of someone. 74.遇到红灯不停车你就会有麻烦。 A.You will be in trouble if you fail to stop at the red light. B.You are to ask for trouble if you don’t stop before the red light. 54

C.You are going to get into trouble if you won’t stop in front of the red light. D.You are about to look for trouble if you fail to stop in the front of the red light. 75.考虑到文化对语言的巨大影响,我们应该重视母语与目标语之间的文化差异。 A.Considering the great effect of culture upon language, we should concentrate on the culture differences between mother tongue and the goal language. B.Taking into account the great effect of culture upon language, we should pay attention to the cultural differences between mother tongue and the goal language. C.Considering the great affect of culture upon language, we should emphasize on the cultural differences between mother tongue and the goal language. D.Taking into account the great affect of culture upon language, we should attach importance to the culture differences between mother tongue and the goal language. 76.历史给我们提供了许多事例,说明教育是实现一个国家现代化的关键。 A.History has provided us with a lot of examples to show that education is the key to the modernization of a country. B.History has offered us a lot of examples to show that education is the key to the modernize of a country. C.History has provided us with a lot of examples to explain how education is the key to modernize a country. D.History has offered us a lot of examples to explain which education is the key to the modernization of a country. 77.1950 年和平年代的军事预算是 1938 年的军事预算的 30 倍。 A.The peacetime military budget in 1950 is 30 times as big as those of 1938. B.The peacetime military budget of 1950 is 30 times as large as that of 1938. C.The peacetime military budget in 1950 is 29 times more than those in 1938. D.The peacetime military budget of 1950 is 29 times more than that in 1938. 78.我想租一间房子,要求设备现代化,舒适,尤其是地段要清静。 A.I want to rent a modern , comfortable house and after all in a quiet place. B.I am eager to rent a house — modern, comfortable and first of all in a quiet area. C.I’d love to rent a house — modern, comfortable and above all in a quiet location. D.I’d like to rent a modern , comfortable house and in all in a quiet district. 79.到 2050 年我们将把我国建成世界上中等发达的国家之一。 A.By the year of 2050 we shall have made our country one of the medium developed countries in the world. B.In the year of 2050 we shall make our country one of the medium developing countries in the world. C.At the end of 2050 we can have built up our country one of the middle developed ones in the world. D.By the end of 2050 we can build up our country one of the middle developing ones in the world. 80.必须警告吸烟者,医生已得出结论,吸烟会增加患肺癌的可能性。 A.Smokers must warn of that doctors have got a conclusion that smoking increases the feasibility of lung cancer. B.Doctors must warn against the smokers they have come to a conclusion smoking increases the possibility of lung cancer. C.Smokers must be warned that doctors have reached the conclusion that smoking increases the possibility of lung cancer. D.Doctors have warned smokers that they have drawn the conclusion that smoking increases the feasibility of lung cancer.

55

2005 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (35%) 1.The machine operators are so ______to the noise that they don’t even notice it. A.associated B.sensitive C.accustomed D.familiar 2.He doesn’t work but he gets a good ______ from his investments. A.wage B.income C.earning D.salary

3.The result must be accurate ,because all the calculations have been done by an______computer. A.electric B.electrical C.electron D.electronic 4.Mary is a conscientious student;she works very hard and is ______to her teachers. A.respected B.respectable C.respectful D.respecting 5.The new ______ machine is a great help in the production of this factory. A.adequate B.sufficient C.efficient D.effective 6.The new regulation does not______ until the first of March. A.take into account B.go into effect C.carry into practice D.put into operation

7.The TV advertising ______against the destruction of the rainforests in South America has drawn attention from millions of people . A.act B.campaign 8.The bus ______has gone up another nickel. A.expense B.cost C.conduct C.fee D.movement D.fare D.carry on

9.Do you mind if I______with my work while you are getting tea ready?. A.get through B.carry out C.turn to

10.Following two days of shooting along their borders,the two countries have ______diplomatic relations. A.broken down B.put down C.broken off D.put off 11.I don’t know how you ______the severe winters in your part of the world. A.stand up to B.stand for C.stand out D.stand up 12.All the people in this village have black hair.They all ______each other. A.resemble as B.resemble with C.resemble D.resemble from 13.One requirement for this job is that you must be ______to work on weekends. A.available B.acceptable C.capable D.accessible 14.She always ______the smell of fresh bread with her grandmother,who loved baking. A.attributed B.exemplified C.remembered D.associated 15.No one really knows who composed this piece of music, but it has been ______to Bach. A.identified B.associated C.referred D.attributed 16.The children will not be allowed to come with us if they don’t ______themselves better. A.direct B.declare C.act D.behave 17.It is said that those people can ______the plastic sheet into money, but I don’t believe it at all. A.contrast B.contribute C.convert D.convince 18.Don’t put too much pressure on the children, because anxiety can ______with their performance at school. 56

A.interfere

B.interpret

C.interrupt

D.interview

19.Please ask him to come in and wait here. We simply can’t ______to offend such an important person to our company . A.adopt B.adapt C.afford D.offer

20.Before he fell into the river, he took hold of a small tree on the bank by ______. A.inspiration B.instance C.instinct D.instruction 21.I have got a loaf of bread ; now I’m looking for a knife ______. A.to cut it with B.to cut with it C.with it to cut D.with it cutting

22.If the United States had built more homes for poor people in 1955,the housing problems now in some parts of the country ______so serious. A.wouldn’t be B.wouldn’t have been C.will not be D.would have not been

23.Physics is the present-day equivalent of ______used to be called natural philosophy, from which most of present-day sciences arose. A.that B.all C.which D.what

24.Some companies have introduced flexible working time with less emphasis on pressure ______. A.than more on efficiency B.and more efficiency C.but more on efficiency D.than efficiency 25.The British are so familiar with different cultures and other ways of doing things, ______is often the case in other countries . A.as B.what C.so D.that D.Seen

26. ______from the outer space, the earth looks like a blue ball. A.See B.Seeing C.To see

27.X-rays are able to pass through objects and thus make ______details that are otherwise impossible to observe. A.it visible B.them visible C.visible D.they are visible

28.There is no point ______to remember all those names and addresses.The most important thing is to understand the events associated with them. A.to try B.to be trying C.trying D.be trying

29. ______, the story of Snow White appeals to many adult readers, too. A.Though it written for children B.Though written for children C.Though for children written D.It was written for children 30.This factory turns out ______ as they did a decade ago. A.twice as many motorbikes B.twice motorbikes as many C.twice motorbikes as much D.motorbikes as twice much 31.As it turned out to be a small house party, we ______so formally. A.need not have dressed up B.must not have dressed up C.did not need to dress up D.must not dress up 32.He is very rich, so he ______. A.must make a fortune C.must have made a fortune B.should have made a fortune D.should make a fortune

33. ______, she failed again in the test and felt very depressed. A.As she worked hard B.Hard as she worked 57

C.Since she worked hard

D.Hard since she worked

34.I’m going to get my letters ______tomorrow afternoon if I can get them ready today. A.type B.to type C.typed D.typing 35.Most of us agree that swimming is more enjoyable in such a fine day than ______novels under the tree. A.reading B.to read C.being reading D.to be reading Part II Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage One About 70 million Americans are trying to lose weight. That is almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States.Some people go in diet. This means they eat less of certain foods, especially fats and sugars. Other people exercise with special equipment, take diet pills, or even have surgery. Losing weight is hard work, and it can also cost a lot of money. So why do so many people in the United States want to lose weight? Many people in the United States worry about not looking young and attractive. For many people, looking good also means being thin. Other people worry about their health. Many doctors say being overweight is not healthy. But are Americans really fat? Almost 30 million Americans weigh at least 20 percent more than their ideal weight . In fact, the United States is the most overweight country in the world. “The stored fat of adult Americans weighs 2. 3 trillion (兆) pounds, ” says University of Massachusctts anthropologist (人类学家) George Armelagos. He says burning off that stored energy would produce enough power for 900,000 cars to go 12,000 miles. Losing weight is hard work, but most people want to find a fast and easy way to take off fat. Bookstores sell lots of diet books. These books tell readers how to lose weight. Each year, dozens of new books like these are written. Each one promises to get rid of fat. 36.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way of losing weight? A.To eat less fats and sugars. B.To have surgery. C.To take much exercise. D.To work hard. 37.Many Americans are trying to lose weight because ______. A. they want to look attractive B.they only want to look young C. they are misled by doctors D.they are laughed at by others 38.What do the figures given in the third paragraph tell us ? A.Americans are dependent on cars. B.Cars consume a lot of energy. C.Americans need to lose weight. D.Excess of fat can be a source of energy. 39.What is implied in the last paragraph? A.Diet books are not always helpful. C.There are lots of ways of losing weight. 40.What can be concluded from the passage? A.People think too much of their appearance. C.Surgery is the fastest way of losing weight. Passage Two Instead of being playthings, early kites were used for military purposes. Historical records say they were large in size; some were powerful enough to carry men up in the air to observe enemy movements, and others were used to scatter some information over hostile forces. 58 B.Diet books are usually helpful. D.Bookstores are keeping their promises. B.There is not a sure way of losing weight as yet. D.Going on diet is a safe way of losing weight.

During the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) , people began to fix on kites some bamboo (竹子) strips which, when high in the air, would ring in the wind like a zheng (a traditional Chinese musical instrument) . Since then, the popular Chinese name for the kite has become fengzheng. The kites made today in some places are fixed with silk strings or rubber bands to give out pleasant ringing in the wind. It was also believed, for instance, during the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) , that flying a kite and then letting it go , apart from the pleasure in itself, might send off one’s bad luck and illness. Consequently it would bring him bad luch if one should pick up a kite lost by other people, This may be regarded as superstition (迷信) but may not be altogether without reason: think of the good it will do to a person, ill and depressed all the time, if he or she could go out into the fields and fresh air to fly a kite. Chinese kites fall into two major types: those with wings that can be taken apart and those with wings that are fixed. The former can be taken apart and packed in boxcs. Easy to carry about, they make good presents. The second type refers to those with fixed structure; they fly better and higher, given a steady wind, Classified by designs and other standards, there are no less than 300 varieties, including human figures, fish , insects, birds, animals and written Chinese characters. In size, they range from 304 meters to only 30 centimeters across. 41. What is the use of silk strings or rubber bands fixed to the kites? A. To make the kites look more pleasant. B. To make the kites have strong structures. C. To make the kites produce pleasant sounds. D. To make the kites fly faster in the wind. 42. Which of the following is true? A. Flying kites can bring people more fun than any other activity. B. Flying kites can cure many diseases. C. Flying kites lost by other people will definitely bring people bad luck. D. Flying kites in the fresh air can be good to people’s health. 43. Which of the following is NOT believed to be the function of kites? A. Bringing people much fun. B. Helping people to enjoy wonderful music. C. Helping people to get rid of bad luck. D. Helping armies to observe enemies. 44. In the past, a person might fly a kite and then let it go because he ______. A. wanted it to fly higher B. wanted it to give pleasure to other people C. wanted to get rid of bad luck D. wanted to let his enemies get it 45. What kind of kites can fly better and higher? A. The kites whose wings can be taken apart. B. The kites whose wings can not be taken apart. C. The kites with large wings that can fly like birds. D. The kites that have large sizes and peculiar structures. Passage three One of Britain’s few distinctive contributions to world culture may come to an end, according to a survey that suggests holiday postcards are more and more given up because of emails and instant messages in mobile phones. More than half of the 1000 holiday- makers interviewed said they had decided to send fewer cards, turning instead to their electronic rivals. A quarter of the respondents (受调查者) regard postcards as old59

fashioned and slow to arrive, A further 14% admitted that thinking of something to fill the space was too challenging, compared with a call home. Although officially invented by a Hungarian, Emanuel Herrmann, in 1869, the idea of illustrated cards was taken up with most enthusiasm in Victorian Britain, joining Gothic architecture and landscape gardening as fields for which the country was famous. “If the British postcard did disappear, we would lose for ever something of great importance to the nation, ” said Chris Mottershead of Thomson Holidays, which did the survey. He was backed by Marie Angelou of Sussex University , who has investigated the importance of sending and receiving postcards. “Postcards are nothing like phone calls, instant messages and direct photo shots via the mobile, ” she said. “All these are useful, practical devices, but postcards offer something else, something additional that is not simply functional,but imaginative and personal. They can create the real atmosphere of your holiday in a way that nothing else can do. They are also for more than a moment——with some people adding them to collections built up over years and years.” 46. Who first got the idea of illustrated cards? A. Emanuel Herrmann. C. Chris Mottershead. B. Victorian Britain. D. Marie Angelou.

47. The word challenging (in paragraph 2 ) probably means ______. A. interesting B. expensive C. difficult D. dishonest 48. The reason why some people refuse to give up postcards is that ______. A. it is not convenient for people to use emails now B. it is not convenient for people to use instant messages C. sending postcards can be more fashionable D. sending postcards can create a holiday atmosphere 49. We can learn from the last paragraph that ______. A. it is necessary for people to use phone calls, instant messages and direct photo shots via the mobile B. unlike phone calls, instant messages and direct photo shots via the mobile, postcards are not functional C. it is necessary for people to use postcards in spite of the convenience provided by other devices D. postcards are completely the same as phone calls , instant messages and others 50. We can infer from the passage that ______. A. postcards will disappear in a few years because of other devices of communication B. people’s happiness in sending and receiving postcards can only last a moment C. postcard collecting might be one of the reasons why some people still like the postcards D. without postcards, people will have less communication with others Passage four Despite a cooling of the economy, high-technology companies are still crying out for skilled workers. The Information Technology Association of America projects that more than 800,000 technology jobs will go unfilled next year. The lack of qualified workers poses a huge threat to the U. S. economy. The most commonly cited reason for this state of affairs is that the country’s agrarian-age (农村时代) education system fails to prepare students in the primary and secondary grades for the 21st century work. Yet 60

an inadequate and outmoded education system is only part of the problem. A less tangible (明确的) but equally powerful cause is an antique (过时的) classification system that divides the workforce into two camps: whitecollar knowledge workers and blue-collar manual laborers. Blue-collar workers emerged in the United States during the Industrial Age as work moved from farms to factories. White-collar office workers became a significant class in the twentieth century, outnumbering (多于) the blue-collar workers by mid-century. Corporations increasingly require a new layer of knowledge worker: a highly skilled multi-disciplined talent , who combines the mind of the white-collar worker with a solid grounding in mathematics and science (physics, chemistry, and biology ) These “ gold-collar ” workers——so named for their contributions to their companies and to the economy as well as for their personal earning ability ——apply their knowledge to technology. The gold-collar worker already exists in a wide range of jobs. The maintenance technician who tests and repairs aircraft systems at American Airlines; the network administrator who manages systems and network operations at Procter & Gamble(宝洁公司); the engineering technologist who assists scientists at Sandia National Laboratories;and the advanced-manufacturing technician at Intel can all be regarded as gold-collar workers. 51. What does the word “ projects ” in the first paragraph mean? A. Throws B. Predicts C. Concludes D. Claims 52. What is a gold-collar worker’s advantage over that of a blue-collar worker? A. A gold-collar worker is more skillful in technology. B. A gole-collar worker has received higher education. C. A gold-collar worker used to be a white-collar worker. D. A gold-collar worker learnt more in high school. 53. How can a person be qualified as a gold-collar worker? A. He must continue to learn and work hard in his career. B. He must have the knowledge of more than one subject. C. He can make a skillful use of his wisdom and his knowledge. D. He can earn more than a blue-collar worker does. 54. It can be inferred from the passage that the first group of blue-collar workers were most likely to be________. A. migrants C. servants B. educators D. farmers

55. What has contributed much to America’s lack of qualified skilled workers? A. The outdated education system. B. The current new classification of workforce. C. The fact that most American workers are illiterates. D. The fact that the blue-collar workers are not used to the factory work. Part III Cloze (10%) The person who can see a ship without some feeling of excitement must have very little imagination. Even the idea of leaving the solid land 56 most of us were born and brought 57 ,and going out on to the evermoving waters must arouse 58 some feelings of strangeness. We may remember stories of terrible storms, 61

with waves 59 mountains, and of people from ships which have sunk 60 weeks in small boats hundreds of miles from land. But we have also 61 joy of traveling on calm seas under blue 62 , and of the 63 excitement of coming to a new beautiful land which we have seen only in pictures before. 64 ships are not , of course, made chiefly for pleasure: their biggest use is in carrying goods from country to country. 65 , ships can carry more goods than 66 means of transport, and can 67 .so more cheaply. If ships 68 , the British government would not be able to feed 69 people. Ships also have made 70 to discover more and more distant parts of our world. 71 is known to all, Columbus used a ship to discover America about 500 years ago . And 72 , ships are used for exploring the Antarctic. 73 would, in fact, not be 74 to say that ships have for thousands of years 75 one of the most important parts in shaping society. 56.A.by which B.from which 57.A.forth B.up 58.A.us all B.all of us 59.A.as high B.as higher as 60.A.spending B.to spend 61.A.heard with B.heard of 62.A.waters B.covers 63.A.unbelievable B.uncountable 64.A.Moreover B.Instead 65.A.In fact B.As a result 66.A.the other B.another 67.A.carry B.make 68.A.do not exist B.did not exist 69.A.its B.their 70.A.us possible B.it possible 71.A.Which B.It 72.A.not long ago B.in the future 73.A.We B.It 74.A.too much B.safe 75.A.made B.done Part IV Writing (15%) Directions: This part is to test your ability in practical writing. Now you are required to write a letter according to the information given in Chinese. Your writing shoule contain over 100 words and you should write it on the Composition Sheet. 你在英国参加了一次夏令营(summer camp ),住在一位当地居民 Professor Wilson 家里。他们一家 人对你很好,Professor Wilson 还带你参观了许多英国著名的地方,使你对英国有了更多的了解。回国 后请写一封信给 Professor Wilson,感谢他对你的照顾,并邀请他有机会来中国玩。 写信人:张华 地址:广州市中山路 102 号 写信日期:2004 年 9 月 19 日 C.on which C.out C.in us all C.higher as C.spend C.heard by C.skies C.uncomfortable C.Thus C. Above all C.any other C.take C.haven’t existed C.his C.us impossible C.This C.even now C.This C.possible C.played D.for which D.about D.for us all D.as high as D.spent D.heard from D.levels D.unforgettable D.But D.By the way D.any D.do D.had not existed D.those D.it impossible D.As D.before long D.You D.able D.taken

62

2006 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (35%) 1.By the end of this month, all this ______. A.is changed B.had changed C.will have changed D.has changed D.settling

2.Such questions are often _____ through negotiations. A.settles B.settle C.settled

3.Since you are a college student now, you should ______ yourself more than you used to. A.rely on B.work on C.run out D.carry out 4.He stopped ______ last week and feels much better now. A.smoking B.smoked C.smokes 5.We ______ so smoothly that the passenger could hardly feel it. A.got rid of B.tore off C.called off 6.You wouldn’t have seen her if it ______ not been for him . A.has B.had C.have 7.She insists that he ______ his vacation now. A.takes B.took C.take D.smoke D.took off D.is having D.taking

8.The teachers don’t make us wear a school uniform and we can wear ______ we like. A.any B.that C.as D.what 9.I don’t know the man ______ you are talking about. A.who’s B.whose C.whom 10.Metals expand ______ heated and contract when cooled. A.where B.when C.that happened to her good friend. A.that B.one 12.Only after the storm was over ______. A.could we start off B.we could start off D.who D.which

11.Even though she herself has never had such an experience, it’s ______ she can recognize from what has C.such C.had we started off D.all D.we had started off

13.That was one example of having responsibility ______ I’m on my own and of making my own decisions. A.since that B.as that C.now that D.because of 14.The new government building is ______ in the center of the city. A.located B.stationed C.set 15.Doctors are developing a new ______ for treating that disease. A.operation B.mean C.technique 16.Religinon has a great ______ on man’s thought. A.effects B.affect C.affection time. A.takes down D.found D.cure D.influence

17.In that country, hospital doctors don’t go sightseeing very often because their work ______ almost all their B.takes up C.takes apart D.takes over D.whether 63

18.How do his students feel at first about the fact ______ he is blind? A.that B.why C.how

19.Radio is an important means of ______. A.conversation B.communication

C.speech

D.language D.record

20.I am afraid I should ______ you of your promise. A.remind B.remember C.release

21.Primary products are the raw materials ______ which manufactured goods are made. A.by B.of C.from D.in 22.The report found that ______ 11-year-old boys and girls liked ice-cream. A.two-third of B.two-third C.two-thirds of D.two-thirds 23.Do what you think is right, ______they say. A.whatever B.however C.whenever D.wherever D.injury

24.It is reported that the earthquake caused a serious ______to the bridge. A.damage B.ruin C.harm

25.You cannot see the doctor ______you have made an appointment with him. A.except B.even C.however D.unless 26.The harder you work, the ______progress you will make. A.less B.fewer C.greater 27.Do you think there’s anything ______ of in having no money? A.ashamed B.ashaming C.being ashamed 28.The taxi driver was accused ______overcharging customers. A.for B.with C.on D.much D.to be ashamed D.of

29.How to dispose ______ the nuclear waste is a pressing problem for scientists and politicians alike. A.out B.of C.on D.after 30.I won’t have my son associating himself ______ criminals. A.for B.to C.with 31.They can’t rule ______the possibility that he was dead. A.out B.of C.off 32. ______is that I can’t understand what she is talking about. A.What I find difficult B.What I find it difficult C.How difficult I find D.How difficult I find it 33.He was afraid the others might think he was showing ______or being superior. A.in B.up C.out D.off 34.By referring______his notes, the speaker was able to give the exact details required. A.to B.for C.as D.in 35.He mainly uses the word strange to talk about the ways ______people dress and wear their hair. A.in which B.by which C.in that D.by that Part II Reading Comprehension(40%) Passage One Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants, and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it, and the business of trying it on proceeds at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone’s satisfaction. 64 D.after D.from

For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something elsehe offers the nearest he can to the article required. No good salesman brings out such a substitute bluntly; he does so with skill and polish:“I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir , but would you like to try it for size. It happens to be the color you mentioned.”Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is:“This is the right color and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on.”
Now how does a woman go about buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need. She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only“having a look round”. She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the saleswoman tells her, even by what companions tell her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes. They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another, to and fro, often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a laborious process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

36.According to the passage, when a man is buying clothes, ______. A.he buys cheap things, regardless of quality B.he chooses things that others recommend C.he does not mind how much he has to pay for the right things D.he buys good quality things, so long as they are not too dear 37.What do men care about the fit of new clothes? A.They like their clothes to be bigger than the average size. B.Most men just assume that the size is right for them. C.They make sure a thing fits before they buy it. D.They do not worry whether a thing fits well or not. 38.What does a man do when he cannot get exactly what he wants? A.He buys a similar thing of the color he wants. B.He usually does not buy anything. C.At least two of his requirements must be met before he buys. D.So long as the style is right, he buys the thing. 39.What does the passage tell us about women shoppers for clothes? A.They welcome suggestions from anyone. B.Women rarely consider buying cheap clothes. C.Women often buy things without giving the matter proper thought. D.They listen to advice but seldom take it. 40.What is the most obvious difference between men and women shoppers? A.Men do not try clothes on in a shop. B.Women bargain for their clothes, but men do not. C.Women care more about the quality than men. D.The time they take over buying clothes. Passage Two As a medium of exchange, money permits the separation of exchange into the two distinct acts of buying and selling, without requiring the seller to purchase goods from the person who buys his products, or vice versa. Hence producers who know they will be paid in money, can concentrate on finding the most suitable outlet for their goods, while buyers who will pay in money, can concentrate on finding cheapest market for the things 65

they wish to purchase. Specialization, which is vital to an advanced economy, is encouraged, because people whose output is not a complete product but only a part of one in which many others are involved can be paid an amount equivalent to their share of the product. Another advantage of money is that it is a measure of value-that is, it serves as a unit in terms of which the relative values of different products can be expressed. In a barter economy it would be necessary to determine how many plates were worth one hundred weight of cotton, or how many pens should be exchanged for a ton of coal, which would be a difficult and time-consuming task. The process of establishing relative values would have to be undertaken for every act of exchange, according to what products were being offered against one another, and according to the two parties’ desires and preferences. If I am trying to barter fish bananas, for example, a lot would depend on whether the person willing to barter fish for bananas, for example, a lot would depend on whether the person willing to exchange bananas is or not keen on fish. Thirdly, money acts as a store of wealth. It is difficult to imagine saving under a barter system. No one engaged on only one stage in the manufacture of a person could save part of his output, since he would be producing nothing complete. Even when a person actually produced a complete product the difficulties would be overwhelming. Most products deteriorate fairly rapidly, either physically or in value, as a result of long storage; even if storage were possible, the practice of storing products for years on would involve obvious disadvantages-imagine a coal-miner attempting to save enough coal, which of course is his product, to keep him for life. If wealth could not be saved, or only with great difficulty, future needs could not be provided for, or capital accumulated to raise productivity. 41. Using money as a medium of exchange means that______. A. you have to sell something in order to buy something B. you have to buy something in order to sell something C. you don’t have to buy something in order to sell something D. the seller and the purchaser are the same person 42. Specialization is encouraged because people______. A. can use their money to buy whatever they want B. do not need to make a complete product for exchange C. can share their products with many others D. cannot use their money to buy whatever they want 43. A barter economy is one in which______. A. value is decided by weight C. money is used goods are not exchanged

B. value is decided by number D. goods are exchanged and money is not used

44. If one had to save products instead of money, ______. A. this would need years of practice B. he could only save part of his products C. they could not be stored for years on end D. many products would lose their value 45. How many advantages of money are mentioned in this passage? A. Two B. Three C. Four Passage three Talk to those people who first saw films when they were silent, and they will tell you the experience was magic. The silent film had extraordinary powers to draw members of an audience into the story, and an equally potent capacity of make their imaginations work. It required the audience to become engaged-to supply voices and sound effects. The audience was the final, creative contributor to the process of making a film. 66 D. Five

The finest films of the silent era depended on two elements that we can seldom provide today-a large and receptive audience and a well-orchestrated score. For the audience, the fusion of picture and live music added up to more than the sum of the respective parts. The one word that sums up the attitude of the silent filmmakers is enthusiasm, conveyed most strongly before formulas took shape and when there was more room for experimentaion. This enthusiastic uncertainty often resulted in such accidental discoveries as new camera or editing techniques. Some films experimented with players; the 1915 film Regeneration, for example, by using real gangsters and streetwalkers, provided startling local color. Other films, particularly those of Thomas Ince, provided tragic endings as often as films by other companies supplied happy ones. Unfortunately, the vast majority of silent films survive today in inferior prints that no longer reflect the care that the original technicians put into them. The modern versions of silent films may appear jerky and flickery, but the vast picture palaces did not attract four to six thousand people a night by giving them eyestrain. A silent film depends on its visuals; as soon as you degrade those, you lose elements that go far beyond the image on the surface. The acting in silents was often very subtle and very restrained, despite legends to the contrary. 46. In paragraph 2, the sentence “For the audience…parts.”indicates that______. A. music was the most important element of silent films B. silent films rely on a combination of music and image in affecting an audience C. the importance of music in silent film has been overestimated D. live music compensated for the poor quality of silent film images 47. The“formulas”mentioned in paragraph 3 of the passage most probably refers to ______. A. movie theaters B. use of real characters C. contemporary events D. standardized film techniques 48. The author uses the phrase “enthusiastic uncertainty”in paragraph 3 to suggest that the filmmakers were ______. A. eager to challenge existing conventions B. eager to please but unsure of what the public wanted C. excited to be experimenting in an undefined area D. delighted at the opportunity to study new acting formulas 49. The last sentence of paragraph 1 implies that ______. A. the stars of silent movies have been criticized for overacting B. silent film techniques should be studied by filmmakers today C. visual effects defined the silent film D. many silent films that exist today are of poor quality 50. The word“restrained”(the last line of the passage)most nearly means ______. A. sincere B. dramatic C. inexpressive D. understated Passage four People have wondered for a long time how their personalities and behaviors are formed. It is not easy to explain why one person is intelligent and another is not, or why one is cooperative and another is competitive. Social scientists are, of course, extremely interested in these types of questions. They want to explain why we possess certain characteristics and exhibit certain behaviors. There are no clear answers yet, but two distinct schools of thought on the matter have developed. As one might expect, the two approaches are very different from one another, and there is a great deal of debate between proponents of each theory. The controversy is often referred to as“nature/nurture”. 67

Two who support the“nature”side of the conflict believe that our personalities and behavior patterns are largely determined by biological and genetic factors. That our environment has little, if anything, to do with our abilities, characteristics, and behavior is central to this theory . Taken to an extreme, this theory maintains that our behavior is predetermined to such a degree that we are almost completely governed by our instincts. Proponents of the “ nurture ” theory, or as they are often called, behaviorists, claimed that our environment is more important than our biologically based instincts in determining how we will act. A behaviorist, B. F. Skinner, sees humans as beings whose behavior is almost completely shaped by their surroundings. The behaviorists’ view of the human being is quite mechanistic; they maintain that, like machines, humans respond to environmental stimuli as the basis of their behavior. Neither of these theories can yet fully explain human behavior. In fact, it is quite likely that the key to our behavior lies somewhere between these two extremes. That the controversy will continue for a long time is certain. 51. Which of the following statements would supporters of the “nature”theory agree with? A. A person’s instincts have little effect on his actions. B. Environment is important in determining a person’s behavior and personality. C. Biological reasons have a strong influence on how we act. D. The behaviorists’ view correctly explains how we act. 52. Which of the following statements would proponents of the “nurture”theory agree with? A. Environment has little to do with behavior. B. Behaviorist theory is not correct. C. Biologically based instincts are important in how we act. D. A person’s character is greatly influenced by his environment. 53. B. F. Skinner________. A. supports the nature theory B. thinks the environment plays an important role in determining character C. believes instincts govern behavior D. believes in the importance of genes in determining personality 54. Concerning the nature/nurture controversy, the writer of this article________. A. supports the nature theory B. supports the nurture theory C. believes both are completely wrong D. thinks that the correct explanation of human behavior will take ideas from both theories 55. In the U. S. , black people often score below white people on intelligence tests. With this in mind, which one of the following statements is not true? A. Nature proponents would say that whites are genetically superior to black. B. Nurture proponents would disagree that blacks are biologically inferior to whites. C. Supporters of the nature theory would say that whites score well because they have a superior environment. D. Behaviorists would say that blacks often lack the educational and environmental advantages that whites enjoy. Part III Cloze (10%) There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage, and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Large lecture classes are frequently regarded as a necessary evil. Such classes have to be 56 in many colleges and universities to meet high student 57 with limited faculty resources, 58 teaching a large lecture 68

class can be a

59 task. Lecture halls are

60 large, barren, and foreboding. It is difficult to get to know

students. Students may seem 61 in the impersonal environment and may 62 read newspapers or even leave class in the middle of a lecture. Written work by the students seems out of the 63 . Although the challenges of teaching a large lecture class are strong, they are possible to get over. The 64 is to develop innovative methods of classroom instruction that can 65 ,if not eliminate, many of the difficulties 66 in the mass class. In fact, we have 67 at Kent State University teaching techniques which help make a large lecture class more like a small 68 . An 69 but important benefit of teaching the course the course 70 this manner has involved the activities of the teaching 71 who help us mark students’ written work. The faculty instructor originally decided to ask the TAs for help 72 this was the only practical way to 73 that all the papers could be evaluated. Now those 74 report enjoying their new status as’ junior professors, “gaining a very different 75 on college education by being on”the other side of the desk, “learning a great deal about the subject matter, and improving their own writing as a direct result of grading other students”paper. 56.A.made B. taken C. selected D. offered 57.A.request B. demand C. challenge D. requirement 58.A.and B. but C. although D. unless 59.A.competitive B. rewarding C. routine D. formidable 60.A.spaciously B. exceptionally C. typically D. unusually 61.A.interested B. delighted C. tired D. bored 62.A.frequently B. delightedly C. inevitably D. unexpectedly 63.A.class B. problem C. question D. answer 64.A.challenge B. difficulty C. problem D. solution 65.A.overcome B. reduce C. meet D. improve 66.A.injected B. integrate C. inherent D. inherited 67.A.introduced B. made C. practiced D. revised 68.A.seminar B. classroom C. discussion D. course 69.A.incredible B. obscure C. unanticipated D. inspiring 70.A.through B. at C. in D. by 71.A.students B. instructors C. professors D. assistants 72.A.so that B. although C. when D. because 73.A.ensure B. assure C. decide D. report 74.A.new teachers B. senior students C. associate professors D. part-time instructors 75.A.inspiration B. expectation C. stimulation D. perspective Part IV Writing (15%) Directions: This part is to test your ability in practical writing. Now you are required to write a letter according to the information given in Chinese. Your writing should contain over 100 words and you should write it on the Composition Sheet. 向学校食堂有关人员写一封有关食物标准下降的投诉信。信中指出:食堂曾经提供过制作精良 (well-prepared)的食品,但自本月初以来,不仅菜的品种减少,而且质量亦有明显的下降,不是做过 头(overcook)就是不够热,……以致不少学生不再来食堂就餐。希望就此得到食堂的解释并了解食堂 今后的打算。 写信人:张宁 写信日期:2006 年 3 月 15 日

69

2007 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试 英 语 试 题
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (35%) 1.Trains stop here in order to ______ passengers. A.get off B.put up C.get on D.pick up D.showed up D.how much it costs D.amount D.think

2.Fortunately, the demonstration _____ to be quite peaceful. A.turned on B.turned out C.showed off 3.Could you tell me ______ to fly from Chicago to New York? A.it costs how much B.how much does it cost C.how much costs it 4.The book covers a wide ______ of topics on international politics. A.range B.number C.collection 5.I know it’s not important but I can’t help ______ about it. A.to think B. thinking C.thinks

6.Solid-fuel engines are simpler than liquid-fuel engines, ______ have important uses. A.both of them B.both C.both of which D.both all 7.Unfortunately, he didn’t ______ to read the agreement carefully before signing it. A.bother B.disturb C.occur D.happen 8.Where do you normally have your hair ______ ?. A.being done B.do C.to be done D.done D.ought to have provided D.tall

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