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浙江省宁波市效实中学高三上学期期中考试英语试题

宁波市效实中学 2010—2011 学年度高三第一学期期中考试

英 语 试题
说明:本卷总分为 l00 分,时间为 100 分钟。第Ⅰ至 III 大题请在答题卡上答题,其余做在答 题卷上。 I.单项选择(每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 1 . The spectacular mountain , standing 2,000 meters above sea level, ishome to a fascinating diversity of wildlife. A.the;the B.the;a C./;the D./; / 2.Although he gets good by renting houses,I strongly disapprove that he should continue hanging around without an occupation. A.wages B.fees C.salaries D.incomes 3.The missionary, as a Chinese,pretended to be a local,but his blue eyes and Greek nose him. A.dressing;gave…out B.dressed;gave…away C.being dressed;gave…out D.dressing;gave…away 4.A healthy life is frequently thought to bethe open countryside and homegrown food. A.tied to B.owed to C.involved in D.associated with 5 . These months , Japan has been creating incidents against the benefit of China. Nevertheless, the Chinese government has made a/anto the public to remain calm. A.reservation B.reference C.appeal D.urge 6.their arrival in Australia,Sir Joseph Banks and his team were amazedthe exotic plants and set out to record and collect them instantly. A.On;at B.At;by C.With. ;about D.Upon;for 7.Bensome knowledge of growing plants just by watching the gardeners working on them. A.picked up B.set up C.worked out D.turned out 8.The reason why Chinese parentsgreat value to education is that they believe auniversity degree gives one a flying start in life A.1ay B.place C.stick D.attach 9.Interestingly,some people have the inborn ability tootherstheir goals. A.stimulate;to arrive B.encourage;accomplishing C.postpone;reaching D.motivate;to achieve 10.In reality, girls can bethey want to be just like boys,whether it is a pilot,a scientist or a general manager. A.who B.that C.whatever D.whoever 11.On the highway, I caught sight of an accident in which a Ford was severely damaged with a youngman in blackbeside it. A.1ain unconscious B.1ay unconsciously C.1ying unconscious D.1ying unconsciously 12.Perseverance is a kind of fine quality—and that is what itto do anything well. A.makes B.brings C.takes D.carries

13.one looks carefully, it's not easy to spot the animal as it has adapted to match the color of its surroundings A.While B.However C.As if D.Even if 14.I would appreciatevery much if you could send me a few copies of the mechanic design of your new model. A.it B.that C.this D.you 15.Go and get your notebook for the science lecture.It’s you left it yesterday. A.there B.where C.in the place D.in which 16.The couple regretted not going to the movie the other day as it an excellent way to celebrate their wedding anniversary. A.is B.was C.could be D.could have been 17.Here we found little snow, as most of it seemedblown off the cliffs. A.to be B.to have been C.having been D.that it had been l8.一 I’m sorry, but I didn’t quite catch you.Did you say you wanted a table for three? 一 Sorry, Imyself clear.I want a table near the window for three. A.don’t make B.haven’t made C.couldn’t make D.hadn’t made 19.The country has beenand its people are experiencing great sufferings owing to years of civil war. A.torn off B.torn apart C.torn down D.torn up 20.—Oh,Danny.You’ve turned 20.Happy birthday to you and many happy returns! —. A.Many thanks B.Thank you anyway C.The same to you D . Sure , but I miss my teens II.完形填空(每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) When I was growing up, I was embarrassed to be seen with my father. He was severely crippled and very short, and when we would walk together, his hand on my arm for 21 , people would stare. I would inwardly feel uncomfortable at the unwanted 22 . If he ever noticed or was bothered, he never 23 that he knew. It was 24 to coordinate our steps — his hesitant, mine impatient — and because of that, we didn't say much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said, "You set the 25 . I will try to adjust to you." Our 26 walk was to or from the subway, which was 27 he got to work. He went to work sick, and despite nasty weather. He almost never missed a day, and would 28 it to the office even if others could not. A matter of 29 . He never talked about himself as an object of 30 , nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or 31 . What he sought 32 others was a “good heart”, and if he found one, the 33 was good enough for him. Now that I am older, I believe that his idea is a proper 34 by which to judge people, even though I 35 don’t know precisely what a “good heart” is. 36 I know the times when Idon’t have one myself. He has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he 37 I was reluctant to be seen with him during our walks. If he did, I’m sorry that I never told him how regretful I was for my feeling 38 of being with him in public and how unworthy I

felt to be his daughter. I think of him when I39 about trifles (something unimportant), when I am envious of another’s good fortune, and when I don’t possess a “good heart”. At such times I put my hand on his arm to 40 my balance. He is the very one who has the good heart for me to lean on, more than I realized. 21.A.balance B.strength C.comfort D.courage 22.A.care B.attention C.situation D.friendship 23.A.hoped B.performed C.suggested D.showed 24.A.easy B.difficult C.possible D.necessary 25.A.rule B.time C.step D.pace 26.A.frequent B.usual C.common D.ordinary 27.A.how B.why C.when D.where 28.A.get B.make C.take D.walk 29.A.joy B.faith C.belief D.pride 30.A.sorrow B.anger C.pity D.disgust 31.A.wealthy B.successful C.able-bodied D.accomplished 32.A.on B.in C.for D.with 33.A.owner B.keeper C.winner D.other 34.A.method B.value C.standard D.way 35.A.yet B.also C.even D.still 36.A.And B.But C.Now D.Then 37.A.sensed B.smelled C.observed D.understood 38.A.afraid B.unwilling C.ashamed D.disappointed 39.A.care B.talk C.complain D.concern 40.A.find B.keep C.refill D.regain Ⅲ.阅读理解(每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A To American visitors, Iceland is a very interesting country, partly because it is different inso many ways from what he or she is used to seeing at home. There are quite a few things thatare not done, or that do not exist on the island - quite a few "No's". There is no pollution, for instance. No dogs are permitted in Reykjavik, the capital. There isno television on Thursdays or during the entire month of July, and only three hours ofblack-and-white TV the rest of the time. There is no hard liquor on Wednesdays and no beer at any time. There are no handguns; only one jail of thirty-five cells in the entire land – an admirable figure, even for a small country of 313,376 people. There is no army, air force or navy. There is no tipping for anything. There are no large stores open on Saturdays or Sundays. Since Iceland is situated just under the Arctic Circle, there is no darkness in summer and do daylight in winter. But thanks to Gulf Stream, the climate is rather mild, with temperatures ranging from 34 degrees Fahrenheit to 52 degrees in July. The rules on television, liquor, and guns are the result of governmental decision. But the absence of pollution is due in great part to the fact that Iceland gets its power from the enormous geyser (间歇泉) and the thousands of hot springs that come out of the ground. They provide all the energy needed by the country. In fact, Iceland uses only 3 percent of

all its available power. Iceland has been described as a democratic independent country where more fish are caught and more books published per person than anywhere else in the world. The Icelanders have always felt a particular love for literature. They composed their first works in the ninth and tenthcenturies AD. These works were poems and tales about the kings, heroes, and heroines ofIceland and Norway. At first the stories were memorized and passed from generation togeneration. They were finally writhing down between 1140 and 1220. The Icelanders have neverstopped writing ever since. “Rather shoeless than bookless," they proudly say. 41.American visitors enjoy visiting Iceland probably because. A.no dogs are permitted in the capitalB.the police do not carry handguns C.the climate is rather mild. D.it is very different from America 42.The following statements are true EXCEPT. A.there are no soldiers in IcelandB.the Icelanders don't drink beer C.there is no service fee ofany kindD.there are no crimes in Iceland 43.There is no pollution in Iceland mainly because . A.Iceland uses only 3 percent of all its available power B.the Icelanders use hot water from the ground below as their energy C.it is located just under the Arctic Circle D.it is a democratic independent country 44."Rather shoeless than bookless" means. A.they prefer not to have shoes or books B.they would rather have shoes on than write books C.they prefer traveling to reading D.they regard books more important than shoes. B A passenger told an air hostess that he needed a cup of water to take his medicine when theplane just took off. She told him that she would bring him the water in ten minutes. Thirty minutes later, when the passenger's ring for service sounded, the air hostess flew in a flurry.She was kept so busy that she forgot to deliver him the water.As a result, the passenger was held up to take his medicine. She hurried over to him with a cup of water, but he refused it. In the following hours on the flight, each time the stewardess passed by the passenger she would ask him with a smile whether he needed help or not. But the passenger never paid any attention to her. When he was going to get off the plane, the passenger asked the air hostess to hand him the passengers’ booklet (意见簿). She was very sad. She knew that he would write down sharp words, which might result in the loss of her job. But with a smile she handed it to him. Off the plane, she opened the booklet, and cracked a smile, for the passenger put it, “On the flight, you asked me whether I need help or not for twelve times in all. How can I refuse your sincere smiles?”

That’s right! Who can refuse your twelve sincere smiles from a person? 45.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean? A.The air hostess forgot the passenger’s need on purpose. B.The air hostess suddenly realized that trouble was coming. C.The passenger wasn’t angry at being ignored. D.The passenger was refused to be served. 46.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A.The passenger refused to take his medicine. B.The passenger set down his anger in the booklet. C.The words in the booklet would never affect the air hostess. D.The hostess finally moved the passenger with her smile. 47.What kind of person do you think the passenger is? A.Forgiving. B.Curious. C.Sharp. D.Enthusiastic. 48.As a result, the air hostess would probably. A.get fired by her company B.be hired by the passenger C.keep her job D.get a promotion

C Of the tens of thousands of ships on the ocean bottom, only a handful, less than one percent, contain negotiable treasure, such as gold and jewels.Most give us a different,priceless treasure --- history. A sunken ship lies in trust, preserved in the airless environment of the sea, and those in deep water are especially well protected.No dry land sites anywhere —except perhaps Egyptian tombs --- are in a better state of preservation than a vessel deep in the ocean. A sunken ship, therefore, can be a rare window through which a moment in time is glimpsed. This is not to imply that sunken ships are always found intact. Most ships break up on the way down, hit the bottom at about 100 miles per hour, and become a chaotic, confusing jumble (混乱的一堆). I recall the disappointment of a novice diver who , after surfacing from an underwater tour of a 400-foot ship, asked his diving companion, “Where was the wreck?” It takes experience to actually know sunken ship when one sees it. But no matter what its condition on the way down, a ship deteriorates(朽烂) much more slowly as it sinks deeper into protective layer of sand and mud. Ancient vessels have been found in remarkably good condition. In 1997 a group of marine archaeologists excavating a 900-year-old wreck recovered engraved glassware, Greek coins, bronze kettles, and amazingly, Greek jars containing seeds, almonds, and peanuts—even a plate with chicken bones. 49.Which of the following is meant by the “priceless treasure” mentioned in line 2? A.Valuable information. B.Ancient coins. C.Precious stones. D.Old books. 50.According to the passage, what usually happens to a ship as it sinks? A.It remains in an upright position. B.It gets transported by the currents. C.It breaks into pieces. D.It attracts marine life. 51.Which objects found on the 900-year-old wreck most surprised the author?

A.Money. B.Jars. C.Chicken bones. D.Glassware. 52.Which features of an ancient ship is of most interest to the author? A.Speed. B.Contents. C.Location. D.Design. D Suppose you go into a fruit shop, wanting an apple--you take up one, and on biting it you find it is sour; you look at it, and see that it is hard and green. You take up another one, and that, too, is hard, green, and sour. The shop man offers you a third; but ,before biting it, you examine it, and find that it is hard and green ,and you immediately say that you will not have it, as it must be sour, like those that you have already tried. Nothing can be more simple than that, you think; but if you will take the trouble to analyze and trace out into its logical elements what has been done by the mind, you will be greatly surprised.

You find that, in two experiences, hardness and greenness in apples went together with sourness. It was so in the first case, and it was confirmed by the second. It is a very small basis, but still it is enough from which to make an induction(归纳). You found upon that a general law that all hard and green apples are sore; and that, so far as it goes, is a perfect induction. Well, having got your natural law in this way, when you are offered another apple, which you find it hard and green, you say, " All hard and green apples are sour; this apple is hard and green; therefore, this apple is sour." And by further reasoning, you arrive at your final determination, “I won’t have that apple.” Well now, suppose, having got your conclusion of the law, that at some times afterwards, you are discussing the qualities of apple with a friend; you will say to him, "It is a very curious thing, but I find that all hard and green apples are sour!" Your friend says to you, "But how do you know that?" You at once reply, "Oh, because I have tried them over and over again, and have always found them to be so" Well, if we were talking science instead of common sense, we should call that an experimental verification(实验证明). And, if still opposed, you go further, and say, "I have heard from people. In Somersetshire and Devonshire, where a large number of apples are grown, and in London, where many apples are sold and eaten, that they have observed the same thing. It is also found to be the case in Normandy, and in North America. In short, I find it to be the universal experience of mankind wherever attention has been directed to the subject." Whereupon, your friend ,unless he is a very unreasonable man, agrees with you, and is convinced that you are quite right in the conclusion you have drawn. He believes, although perhaps he does not know he believes it, that the more extensive verifications have been made, and results of the same kind arrived at--that the more varied the conditions under which the same results are attained, the more certain is the ultimate conclusion, and he disputes the question no further. He sees that the experiment has been tried under all sorts of conditions, as to time ,place, and people, with the same result; and he says with you, therefore, that the law you have laid down must be a good one, and he must believe it. 53.The example of “apples” are used . A.to convince the reader that fruit can help you induct B.to illustrate the topic of the passage

C.to give a bit of color to the story D.to show readers how foolish logic is 54.The term "natural law" as it appears in the text refers to________. A.common sense B.the result of an Induction C.the order of nature D.a scientific discovery

55.If you find a hard and green apple that is not sour, you should ________. A.try more apples to see if the natural law has changed B.eat the rest of the apple at once to see if it is sour too C.reject the law stating that hard and green apples are usually sour D.conduct further investigations and make adjustments to the law of apples 56.The writer is probably ________. A.French B.English C.American D.None of the above E Technology: Taking the good without the bad? Very soon, unimaginably powerful technologies will remake our lives. This could have dangerous consequences, especially because we may not even understand the basic science underlying them. There’s a growing gap between our technological capability and our basic scientific understanding. We can do very clever things with the technology of the future without necessarily understanding some of the science underneath, and that is very dangerous. The technologies that are particularly dangerous over the next hundred years are nanotechnology (纳米技术), artificial intelligence and biotechnology. The benefits that they will bring are beyond doubt. But they are going to be very, very dangerous.I’m working in the field of artificial intelligence. I have a model design for something that might be 50,000 million times smarter than the human brain. Target date is 2010. The only thing that's not possible in the film Terminator(终结者) is that the people win. If you're fighting against technology which is 50,000 million times smarter than you, you probably will not win. Nanotechnology. We've all heard of the grey glue problem, that self-replicating nanotech devices might keep on copying until the world has become sticky glue. And certainly in biotechnology, we've really got a big problem because it's converging with nanotechnology and IT. Once you start mixing nanotech with organisms and you start feeding nanotech-enabled bacteria, we can really go an awful lot further than the Borg in Star Trek(星际迷航). And those superhuman organisms might not like us very much. Eventually these technologies will become routine. That’s a threat to humanity. I don’t think it’s possible to slow it down. So what we need to do is accelerate the scientific research and try to get some extra tools. The problems facing us in the future are getting bigger and bigger. I think if we don’t get some proper science done, the future is hopeless indeed.

57.From the text, we know that the author’s greatest concern is . A.our lack of technological understanding of the process involved B.our lack of technological capability C.creating technology without really understanding the basic science D.Our refusal to face the consequences of the technology we create

58.It can be inferred from the text that the author . A.thinks people overestimate (高估) the capabilities of technology B.is not optimistic that artificial intelligence will always be used positively C.thinks that we should take science fiction movies more seriously D.believes artificial intelligence is the greatest threat we face technologically 59.Why does the author say it is not possible in the film Terminator that the humans win? A.Because the power of the technology is exaggerated(夸大). B.Because the strength of the machines is much greater. C.Because machines with that much intelligence can easily defeat humans. D.Because human beings are not courageous enough to win the battle. 60.The author’s attitude toward the advanced technologies is . A.worried B.positive C.interested D.scared 任务型阅读(每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) Sammy、Any、Jack、William 和 Teddy 五人兴趣各异,他们将选择各自喜好的网络游戏。第 61—65 题是他们的个人情况。阅读下列六款游戏介绍(A、B、C、D、E 和 F) ,为每位玩家选 定一款最佳游戏,并在答题卡上将该选项标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。 61.Sammy is a girl with a logical mind. She would like to play the kind of games that can not only practice her intelligence but can challenge her memory as well. 62.Amy has always been interested in politics and loves to play jokes on politicians. As a result, any game that concerns government officials would interest her. 63.Jack is a student who is keen on architecture. He has problem in concentrating himself on a piece of work. He hopes to find out a game that can suit his interest and help him focus his mind on it. 64.William is a sports fan who would like to take up extreme sports. But he isn’t allowed to try such kind of dangerous sport, so he could only find some relevant games to play. 65. Teddy is a film lover. After seeing the film Star Wars, he imagined that he could one day be a commander, leading his soldiers to protect his planet from being invaded. Ever wonder what President George “Dubya” Obama will be doing once he leaves the White House? Well, we wondered too and voted for him to run a hot god stand, in the city that never sleeps – New York! Life’s tough in the Stone Age. Fortunately our man Sam has got your brain to help him out! He’s got to find food, make weapons, survive tigers, and keep his girlfriend Lucy happy! So let’s get prehistoric and help Sam in this crazy adventure.

His the snow slopes with this snowboarding game. Perform special skills on your snowboard to collect points. Pump air into your stride by timing your jumps carefully while negotiating 3 killer kickers. Whatever you do – Have fun! Add logic fun and load of color and what do you get? The crazy cube! And we promise you, it’s the crazies cube you’ll come across this side of the universe. Rack your brains crazy in this totally addicting puzzle game and beat the colored cube! Put your hard hat on… because we’re going under construction! This addictive puzzle game will have you constructing for hours! Build beautiful towers using colorful building blocks. Fight to conquer the universe in this strategic space simulation game. Play as a space commander and protect your imperial star base from enemies. Become the most powerful air force and fulfill your one and only mission: complete space dominance! V.单词拼写(每小题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 1.In every box of matches there are 40 matchsticks a. 2.Global sustainable development is a n cause to which every nation should make a contribution. 3.On a wet night of June, my friends and I were caught in the rain after a party, our car stuck in the mud and the thunder rin our ears. 4.Despite the fact that two leading players can’t take part in the coming match, the team is not dto failure. 5.W its way through the lush forest, the stream provides clean drinking water for the animals. 6. The computer system, pby a hacker attack yesterday, may take days to return to normal. 7.The fittest survive—this is the basic law of eof species. 8.There’s much ron his movement up and down the stairs because of his broken leg. 9. Each lowering plant has its own specific way of getting pwith the help of insects, wind or water. 10.With the trainforests shrinking rapidly year by year, we have every reason to call for a ban on log trade without permission.

VI.根据中文提示完成的句子,每空填入一个单词。 (每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 1.在我看来,对别人宽容绝不意味着任人摆布。 Personally, I think thatothers never means

them. 2.直到他不再与我写信交流我才意识到朋友交起来容易维持却难。 Not until he stoppedme did I friends are easy to make but hard to keep. 3.我的公寓位于六楼,这使我能看见下面整个庭院花园,里面生长着种类繁多的花草。 My apartmentthe sixth floor, whichview the whole courtyard garden below, where a vast varicosity of plants grow. 4.在最开始引入市场时,这种新型电力汽车面临着巨大的挑战。 When first the market, the new model of electric car . 5.在最开始引入市场时,这种新型电力汽车面临着巨大的挑战。 When , seamen couldthe position of the star which direction they were going. VII.短文改错(每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中共有 10 处错误,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 修改:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Buying a present for someone are often a tricky business. It is probably most difficult to buy a present for everyone who you don’t know very well and their tastes you know little about. You have to try to find something you think they would not like. However, it is also no easy job to buy a present for a closely member of your family, such as you mother. I never know what excuse tell my mother when I went out. I can’t tell her the reason why I’m going out because I want to surprising her on the big day. Still, it is worthy all the trouble just to see the lock of pleasure in his/ her face the moment they receive your gift.

VIII.附加题(每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面的短文,在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词。 It was already the middle of May but there was not a raindrop in sight. Danny stood in his backyard alone looking at the ①landscape in front of him. He could see nothing but sand and clear blue skies. “Even the cactus(仙人掌)is starting to ②,” said Danny to himself as be ③down to take a good look. All of a sudden, when he was walking back to his house, he heard the sound of thunder.

He stopped and looked up excitedly. He was wild④joy to see that the spring rains had finally come. Danny quickly ran towards the cabin next to his house, where he stored his rain barrels. He was going to capture every ⑤drop of rain to grow the vegetable garden in his backyard. In the desert, rain is as ⑥as gold. It rained ⑦for almost seven days. The cactus looked much healthier than before. Snakes popped their heads from out of their holes and birds sang happily in the sky. Living in deserts⑧be very hard, especially when there is no ⑨of water. However, life went on for Danny and all the desert creatures for another⑩, thanks to the spring rains.

参考答案
I.单项选择:1—5 DDBDC 6—10 AADDC 11—15 CCDAB 16—20 DBBBA II.完形填空:21—25 ABDBD 26—30 BABDC 31—35 CBACD 36—40 BACCD III.阅读理解 41—44 DDBD 45—48 BDAC 49—52 ACCB 53—56 BBDB 57—60 CBCA

IV.任务型阅读: 61—65 DAECF V.单词拼写 1.approximately/ altogether 2.noble 3.roaring 4.doomed 5.Winding 6.paralyzed 7.evolution 8.restriction 9.pollinated 10.tropical VI.根据中文提示完成的句子,每空填入一个单词。 (每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 1.在我看来,对别人宽容绝不意味着任人摆布。 Personally, I think that being tolerant of/ to wards others never means being at the mercy of them. 2.直到他不再与我写信交流我才意识到朋友交起来容易维持却难。 Not until he stopped corresponding with/writing to me did I come to the understanding that friends are easy to make but hard to keep. 3.我的公寓位于六楼,这使我能看见下面整个庭院花园,里面生长着种类繁多的花草。 My apartment is located he sixth floor, which allows/ enables me to spot/ see/ observe/ view the whole courtyard garden below, where a vast varicosity of plants grow. 4.在最开始引入市场时,这种新型电力汽车面临着巨大的挑战。 When first introduces in/ to/ into the market, the new model of electric car faced an enormous / a great challenge. 5.在海上,水手们能根据星星的位置来判断他们正往哪个方向而去。 When at sea , seamen could tell by the position of the star which direction they were going. VII.短文改错 Buying a present for someone often a tricky business. It is probably most difficult to buy a present for who you don’t know very well and tastes you know little about. You have to try to find something you think they. However, it is also no easy job to buy a present for a member of your family, such as your mother. I never know what excuse tell my mother when I out. I can’t tell her the reason why I’m going out because I want to her on the big day. Still, it is all the trouble just to see the lock of pleasure his/her face the moment they receive your gift.

VII.附加题 1.dry 5.single 8.can

2.die 3.bent 6.precious/ valuable 9.source 10.season

4.with 7.non-continuously