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M5U3复习卷

Module5 Unit3
I.Memorize the following phrases 1. on the one hand 一方面 at hand 在手边,在附近 at first hand 直接地,第一手地 2. point out 指出 3. in general/generally speaking 一般来说,总体而言 4. push ahead with 努力推进 5. end up with sth 以…而告终 end up replacing us 以代替我们而告终 6. replace sb / take the place of sb/take sb’s place 代替某人 7. for sale 待销售 on sale 打折 8. use up Earth’s resources 用光地球上的资源 9. put … in place 准备就绪 10. on one’s way to doing sth 在路上,即将成为/做某事 11. on their way to producing a real-life monster 即将制造一个现实生活中的怪物 12. with the intention of 以…为目的或意图 13. intend to do sth 打算做… intend to have done/have intended to do 本打算做某事 14. be in complete agreement with 完全同意 15. reach an agreement 达成协议 16. as a whole 总体上 17. be genetically related to sb 在基因上与某人有关系 18. beyond our imagination 超出了我们的想象力 19. advanced technologies 先进的技术 an advanced country in advance 提前 20. make great advances in 在某方面取得很大的进步 21. a recent announcement 最近宣布 22. announce sth to sb 向某人宣布某事 23. cause much debate 引起许多的争论 24. shock many people 是许多人感到震惊 25. interfere with nature 干涉自然 26. the first mammal to be cloned successfully 第一个被成功克隆出来的哺乳动物 27. the first to clone a human being 克隆人类的第一人 28. at a much younger age than normal 比正常情况下的寿命要短的多 29. normal food 正常的食物 at normal speed 以正常的 return to normal恢复正常 30. be praised for their wonderful scientific breakthrough 因他们杰出的科学突破而受到称赞 31. be highly praised for 受到高度赞扬 32. be well worth praising 很值得称赞 33. praise sb for sth 因某事表扬某人 34. achieve scientific breakthroughs 实现科学的突破 35. make a great breakthrough (in) … 取得重大突破 36. consider doing sth 考虑做某事 37.concentrate on 全身贯注,专心致志于… 38.show (no) respect for 对…(不)尊重 39. cause a lot of anxiety 引起许多忧虑 40. wait for….with anxiety 焦虑地等…
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41. be desperate to do sth 不顾一切的做某事,拼命做某 make desperate efforts to do 拼命努力地做… 42. adopt someone else’s child 领养别人的孩子 adopt different approaches to the problem 采用了不同的方法处理这个问题 43. so as to/ in order to 为了 44. be delivered of a healthy baby 生下一个健康的婴儿 deliver/make a speech 发表演说 45. focus their efforts on cloning animals 集中精力克隆动物 46. succeed in doing sth/be successful in doing sth 成功的做某事 47. benefit sb 使某人受益 benefit from/by sth 受益于… for the benefit of 为了…(的利益) 48. totally immoral 完全不道德 49. deal with the consequences 处理、应付各种后果 50. be delighted to do sth 很高兴做某事 51. comment on / make comments on 发表评论 52. scientific advances mentioned in your article 文中所提及的科学进展 53. challenge questions of morality 挑战道德的问题 54. a challenging profession 一个具有挑战性的职业 55. on a personal note 根据个人的观点 56. totally change my life 完全,彻底改变了我的生活 57. die of heart failure 死于心脏病 58.read your article with great concern 非常担心的阅读你的文章 59. go to a seminar 去参加研讨会 60. have the right to do sth 有权利做某事 61. go against nature 反对自然 62. be responsible for the possible negative consequences 对可能出现的复面的后果负责 63. as a consequence/as a result 结果 64. strict laws 严格的法律 be strict with sb in sth 在某方面对对某人要求严格 strictly speaking 严格说来 65. in favor of 有利于,赞同 66. do sb a favor=do a favor for sb 帮某人忙 67. be worth doing sth 值得做某事= be worthy of being done=be worthy to be done 68. be opposed to doing sth 强烈反对做某事 69. the highly praised scientist 受到高度称赞的科学家 70. the retired scientist 退休的科学家 71. well-trained teachers 训练有素的老师们 72. underdeveloped regions 不发达地区 73. lie trapped 躺着那里被困住 be trapped/caught in 被困住 74. in the field of science 在科学的领域里 75 .figure out 理解,算出,弄明白 figure out all the mysteries 弄明白所有的谜 76.make sb puzzled 使某人感到迷惑不解 77.make a puzzled expression 做出一个迷惑不解的表情 78.the other day 几天前,那天
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79.sound thrilled (声音)听起来欣喜若狂 80.get/be bored with 对...讨厌,厌倦 81.behave in the same way 行为表现一样 behave oneself 行为守规矩 82.be cautious of 对…谨慎 83. use good judgment 好好地判断 in one’s judgement 在某人看来 judging from/by 从…判断 84. have no alternative but to do sth 别无选择只能做。 。 。 85. be burnt out 筋疲力尽 86 (sb) be involved in 卷入,全神贯注于… involve sb in (doing) sth 把某人卷入到某事中去 87.on one’s part 对某人而言 88. definitely agree 肯定/绝对同意 89. follow in one’s footsteps 追寻某人的足迹 90. turn out to be true 结果是真的 91. at a fast rate 快速,迅速 the birth rate 出生率 at the rate 以…的比率 92.. be limited to (doing sth) 限制在…之内 93. meet one’s needs 满足某人的需求 94. conduct/perform/make/carry out a survey 进行一次调查 make a survey of 调查… 95. the/a majority of students 大多数学生 in (the ) majority 大多数地 96. to conclude 总之,最后 come to /reach a conclusion 得出结论 in conclusion 总之,最后 make a conclusion 下结论 97. urge sb to do sth 力劝/敦促某人做某事 98. make crops resistant to pests 使庄稼对害虫有抵抗力 99. endlessly overdevelop Earth’s resources through agriculture 没完没了的过度开发地球资源 100. construct new water channels for shipping 建造新的水上运输通道 101. focus only on environmental conservation 只关注环境保护 102. from the point of view of some people 根据有些人的观点 There is no point (in) doing sth 做某事没有意义 to the point 中肯, 切题 103. spell disaster/unemployment 招致灾难/导致失业 104. for decades 好几十年 105. focus on meeting the everyday needs of their people 致力于满足人们的日常生活需求 106. be blamed for destroying hundreds of thousands of acres of rainforest 因破坏成千上万英亩的雨林而受到谴责 107. the developing and developed countries 发展中国家和发达国家 108. enjoy healthy and productive lives 享受健康和富庶的生活 109. without the environment around them suffering 不损害他们周边的环境 110. a question of humans winning and nature losing 一个人类获胜,自然失败的问题 111. It’s mankind’s responsibility to find solutions 找到解决方案是人类的责任 112. be acceptable for sb/sth 对某人/某物来说可以接受 113. argue with sb about/over/on sth 因某事与某人争论 114. the theory remaining to be solved 有待于证明的理论 115. take ….seriously 严肃地对待某事 116. at all costs 不惜一切代价 the cost of living 生活费用
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117. practise/ involve/ favor/ advocate doing sth 练习; 卷入/包含; 支持/偏爱; 提倡做某事 118. be resistant to 抗…, 耐…的 resist doing sth 抵制/抵抗做某事 119. keep sb informed (of/about sth) 让某人知道某事 120. be faced with sth= face sth 面对 II. Word spelling 1. He has decided to go abroad to study with the i__________ of improving his English.. 2. After the long holiday, his professional life was surprisingly .(改变) 3. Almost everyone has b__________ from this great invention of Edison’s. 4. Two hundred people lost their homes as a direct c__________ of the storm. 5. I can feel people’s __________ (忧虑)for the war to end. 6. The key to __________ (限制) air pollution is strict regulation on private cars. 7. The __________ (大多数)of the websites are accessible free of charge. 8. They a__________ different methods to try to solve the problems in the past. 9. We should never toy with the customers only for economic __________.(利润) 10. Scientific b__________ have been achieved since the Second World War. 11. No one is to leave the building without my p__________. 12. From his f__________ look, I guess he must have found something horrible. 13. __________(判断)by his recent performance, he should easily pass the exam. 14. It’s better to take all things into c__________ before you make the finally decision. 15. The manager thought she was r__________ so that he told her every detail of his plan. 16. She was a__________ about her daughter being out so late at night 17. The salesmen and s_________ always have to wait until the last customer has left. 18. He was attended by his personal __________ ( 医师) 19. I can be free to spend free time according to my own j__________. 20. I can not understand such an abstract __________ (概念) 21. We are very c__________ about his health. 22. His letter __________(证实) everything. 23. Our __________(原来的) plan was to go to Spain, but it was too expensive. 24. __________(鉴于,考虑到) his age, the child reads quite well. 25. Sam’s i__________ in inviting us to dinner was to persuade us to back his project. 26. It is not l__________ to employ someone under the age of 6. 27. When the police arrived at the scene of the c__________, the victim had been dead for over four hours. III. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the phrases in the box A use up, push ahead with, point out, concentrate on, in agreement with, on, after all, in general 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
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for sale, comment

Don’t push yourself too hard __________, money isn’t everything. How much worse would it have been if the chairman had _________ such an unpopular plan? _________, it’s good for young people to try to take a wide range of subjects in college, which will open up many career paths for them. I am __________ you that Matida should be given more responsibilities. When Mr. Brown got home, he found his wife had __________ the chicken bones to make

soup. 6. Although some of you may think of the disagreement between us about the schedule as a storm in a teacup, I must __________ that further delay would be unwise. 7. A listed business __________ should come with a report or document giving a description of what is being sold. 8. Whether we like it or not, there are many companies out there _________ the idea of improving the way they work, and sharing their knowledge with customers. 9. It’s high time that Eric ___________ his studies to make something of himself. 10. I hate it when my sister __________ what I’m wearing in front of my friends. B follow in the footsteps of, to conclude, in response to, at a fast rate, be blamed for, be harmful to, complain about, in favor of, meet the needs, go off, turn out 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. She __________ always something. We will buy more computers of the students. We received 400 applications one job advertisement. The conductor the accident. It that he was never there. In their discussion, I was Mr. Li. , I’d like to say how much I’ve enjoyed staying here. He has hopes of Yang Liwei and becoming an astronaut. The lecturer used to do well, but he seems now. A lot of these chemicals __________ very the environment.

IV. Sentence transformation 1. Susan received praise from her colleagues because she had won the prize. Susan __________ __________ by her colleagues ________ her winning the prize. 2. I tried my best to persuade her to take on more salesmen, but without success. I didn’t __________ __________ persuading her to take on more salesmen even if I had tried my best. 3. Carelessness about pollution now will cause serious problems in the future. Carelessness about pollution now will __________ __________ serious problems in the future. 4. Sean came home early so that he could see the children before they went to bed. Sean came home early __________ __________ __________ he could see the children before they went to bed. 5. Cartoon characters like Mickey Mouse and Snoopy are still popular these days. Cartoon characters __________ __________ Mickey Mouse and Snoopy are still popular nowadays. 6. The police will try their best to search in the forest. The police will __________ __________ __________ on searching in the forest. 7. Lily is a talented musician and is also a photographer. Lily is a talented musician and is __________ __________ __________ a photographer. 8. You can’t know the real meaning of what the writer says until you have read the whole novel carefully. You can’t know the real meaning of what the writer says until you have __________
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__________ the whole novel. V. Translation 1. 我觉得今天能到这里和你们在一起是非常荣幸的。(consider) _________________________________________________________________. 2. 如果你继续行窃,终归得进监狱。(end up) __________________________________________________________________ 3. 专家们坚信这个地区的大量癌症病例与新的核电站有直接的关系。(relate) _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4.一方面,我确实应该支持我们队。可另一方面,我没有时间参加所有比赛。 (on the one hand, on the other hand) _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5. 很多年轻人不遵守交通法规,不尊重生命。(show no respect for) ____________________________________________________________________ 6. 你可以不认同他们的做法,但是我觉得你应该认真思考一下现状。(on a personal note)

VI. Summary A Cloning is producing an exact copy of a plant or an animal using its cells. The first mammal to be 1.__________ successfully was Dolly the sheep, which died in early 2003, at a much younger age than 2.__________. When she was born in 1996, in general the scientists were 3.__________ for their wonderful scientific advance. However , scientists have 4.__________ that they have successfully cloned the first human embryo, which has caused much 5.__________. Even Ian Wilmut, who 6.__________ Dolly is 7.__________ because he has never 8.__________ to create copies of humans. Even though this use of cloning is causing a lot of 9.__________, it is good news for people who can’t have a baby but are 10.__________ to have their own children. B Cloning in biology is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. Different people hold different opinions towards it. People who are for it think creating an embryo can make (1) __________ to saving human lives. Cloned tissues and organs can be used to (2) __________ diseases like cancer. Cloning can not only (3) __________ the needs of women who cannot have a baby and don’t want to (4) __________ someone else’s child, but also help relieve one’s pain when he lost his relatives. But for centuries, moral ideas have always been (5) __________, for cloning may create a real-life (6) __________. Others believe cloning human embryos shows no (7) __________ for human life. Human cloning would only make human life become a crop to be (8) __________ or produced for (9) __________. Besides, human cloning will increase the world’s (10) __________. In conclusion, cloning is a wonderful advance in science, but it needs to be considered carefully whether to clone human embryos.

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M5 U3

keys

II. Word spelling 1. intention 2. transformed 3. benefited 4. consequence 5. anxiety 6. limiting 7. majority 8. adopted 9. profits 10. breakthroughs 11. permission 12. frightened 13. Judging 14. consideration 15. reliable 16. anxious 17. saleswomen 18. physician 19. judgment 20. concept 21. concerned 22. confirmed 23. original 24. Considering 25. intention 26. legal 27. crime III. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the phrases in the box A 1. After all 2. pushed ahead with 3. In general 4. in agreement with 5. used up 6. point out 7. for sale 8. toying with 9. concentrated on 10. comments on B 1. is; complaining about 2. to meet the needs 3. in response to 4. was blamed for 5. turned out 6. in favor of 7. To conclude 8. following in the footsteps of 9. to have gone off 10. are; harmful to IV. Sentence transformation 1. was praised, for 2. succeed in 3. lead to / result in/ contribute to 4. in order that 5. such as 6. focus their efforts 7. as well as 8. read through V. Translation 1. I consider it a great honor to be here with you today. 2. If you continue to steal,you'll end up in prison. 3. Experts believe that a large number of cancer cases in the area are directly related to the new nuclear power station. 4. On (the) one hand, I really ought to support our team. On (the) other hand, I don’t have enough/ adequate time to attend all the games. 5. Many young people break traffic laws and show no respect for human life. 6. You can disagree with their actions, but on a personal note, you should think about the present situation seriously. VI. Summary A 1. cloned 2. normal 3. praised 4. announced 5. debate 6. created 7. shocked 8.intended 9. anxiety 10. anxious/ dying/eager B 1. contributions 2. cure 3. satisfy/meet 4. adopt 5. challenged 6. monster 7. respect 8. harvested 9. sale 10. population

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