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上海高考英语词汇运用及语法填空题解析


讲义 课题名称 教学目标 重难点 一 语法练习 (A) Once upon (25) time and far away, in old Russia there was a great and rich trading city (26) (call)Nizhny Novgorod. (27) sat on the banks of the mighty river Volga, and every year the merchants sent their wooden ships to trade at towns and cities near and far. But, far beyond the farthest city they had reached, (28) (lie)a land where no one had ever been, India. The merchants had heard tales of wonder and magic about this faraway land, (29) they had heard, too, that it was a land of a thousand gods and ghosts and they were a little afraid to sail to such a far and terrible place. So one day they called together all the townspeople. Every one of them talked and argued at the meeting until at last old Nikitin, the most daring of the merchants, said, "I have a son, young Aphanasy, (30) is bold and cheerful and wise (31) his years. And (32) (good) of all, he is lucky. Since I am too old to go myself, let us send Aphanasy to India." 25) a 26)called 27)It 28)lay 29)but 30)who 31)beyond 32)best (B) One of the first questions young children ask is “Why?” It is human nature to want (33) (find) out why things are the way they are. You can find out “Why” by turning the question into a hypothesis (假设) for (34) experiment. (35) example, suppose you have been trying to grow tomato plants, but insects keep destroying (36) . Someone tells you that (37) (put) large strips of colored cloth around the plants will keep insects away. Your question might be “Do certain colours of cloth keep insects away?” Then you’d begin your experiment. The first step would be to place different-colored strips of cloth around all of the plants except one. Then, as regular intervals, you would observe and record and note (38) the plant had any insect damage or not. This experiment may prove that the answer to your question is “No, it is not different-colored strips of cloth (39) keep away insects.” Or you may find that answer is “Yes, certain insects are kept away by blue cloth, but not yellow cloth.” ...... (40) you have found, you are well on your way to understanding how you can use scientific thinking to solve a problem in your own life. 33.to find 34. an 35. For 36. them 37. putting 38. whether 39. that 40. Whatever (C) People often cringe(退缩) when they hear the word fat. That may be because they misunderstand it. Experts at Harvard University point out: "The total amount of fat in the diet, ____21___ high or low isn't really linked with disease. ___22___ really matters is the type of fat in the diet." In fact, some types of fats,___23___(include) most unsaturated fats, reduce the level of cholesterol in one's blood. Plant products like vegetable oils, nuts and seeds all contain these "good" fats. Omega-3, a fatty acid ____24__(find) in fish, may even reduce the risk of heart disease. The American Heart Association suggests eating two servings of fish a week for this reason. ___25____ types of fats should be avoided. Saturated fats increase blood cholesterol level, ____26___ can increase one's risk of heart disease. Meat, dairy products and eggs all contain this "bad" fat and ____27___ be consumed in moderation. Trans fats, which are processed, unsaturated fats found in deep-fried dishes, many baked goods and margarine, should be avoided completely. Trans fats carry an even ___28_____(great) risk of heart disease than saturated fats.
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词汇运用与语法新题型练习 语法填空题的解题思路和技巧讲解 词汇的运用

So, replace the bad fats with the good gats in your diet, and enjoy a healthier life. 21.whether 22.What 23.including 24. found 25.Other 26. which 27.should 28.greater ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------二 词汇练习 A. influence B. popular C. enrich F. presentation G. released H. react D. battle E. pioneered I. trademark J. passion K. word

Apple visionary Steve Jobs has passed away after a long __41__with pancreatic cancer. He was 56. Apple was so exceptional, those products were so _42__and so loved. Even if he showed up with that black turtleneck, and made the ___43___, it still became an event with groupies. It didn’t take long for social media users to___44___ to the news, with some, no doubt, using the devices Jobs ___45____to mourn(悼念) his death. __46__ of Jobs’ death had become a Trending Topic on Twitter less than 10 minutes after the first news trickled in. Apple __47___an official statement on Jobs’ death. The Wall Street Journal has it: “Steve’s brilliance, ___48__and energy were the source of countless innovations that __49__and improve all of our lives. The world is immeasurably better because of Steve.” But on its website, it chose a different way to commemorate Jobs’ legacy(遗产)-- a black and white photograph of Jobs in his ___50___turtleneck. 41.D 42.B 43.F 44.H 45.E 46.K 47.G 48.J 49.C 50.I

三 翻译 1.让我非常失望的是,我还没能和自己喜爱的歌手说上话,她就离开了音乐会。 (before) To my great disappointment, my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with her. 2.很快他就觉察到处境的危险。(It) It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position. 3.令我们惊讶的是,他在晚会上竟表现得如此粗鲁。(surprise) To our surprise ,he behaved so rudely at the party. 4.无可否认,中国高速而持久的发展已在现代世界中确立了自己的地位。(deny) There’s no denying that the fast and stable development of China has established its position in the modern world. 5.除非将理论与实践结合起来,否则你的研究一文不值。 Your research will be useless unless you combine theory with practice/ put theory into practice.

总结反思 课后学生 作业布置

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