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中国日报汉英词汇表(比原来的更全)


A AA 制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch A 股市场 A share market 爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA) 爱国民主人士 patriotic democratic personages 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front 爱国卫生运动 patriotic sanitation campaign “爱国者”导弹 Patriot missile 爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week 爱心工程 Loving Care Project 艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Unemployment, inflation, and low wages are all part of the same economic syndrome. 失业现象﹑ 通货膨胀以及低工资 都是在同一经济状况下的现象 矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the dwarfs--pick the best out of a mediocre bunch. His films are mediocre. 他的电 影平庸无奇. 安家费 settling-in allowance 按键式电话 push-botton phone; Touch-Tone; keyphone 安静地铁 low-noise subway (The vibration control technique will be applied to Subway Line 4, making for a low-noise commute in Beijing. 减振技术将用于地铁 4 号线,打造北京安静地铁。) 安 乐 死 euthanasia. It is against the law for doctors to practise euthanasia, ie to kill patients to prevent suffering. 医生施行安死术是违法的. 安理会 Security Council 安全岛 safety strip 安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial. 安全专项整治 carry out more special programs to address safty problems 按时足额发放基本养老金 pay the pensions of retirees on time and in full 安慰奖 consolation prize 暗箱操作 black case work 按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority, Promotion is done strictly on the basis of seniority.
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国民生产总值 Gross National Product(简称 GNP) 国内生产总值(Gross Domestic Product,简称 GDP) 按成本要素计算的国民生产总值 GNP at factor cost 安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit (手机)按键 keypad 按键音 keypad tone 按揭贷款 mortgage loan 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house 有计划按比例发展 planned, proportionate development; develop proportionately; develop in a planned, proportionate way 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project 按 距 离 计 费 vary the charge according to how far away the destination is 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly. unrequited passion 单相思. It is a story of alcoholism and illness, of thwarted passion and unrequited love, and of a 19th-century quest for fame. 她们的故事交织着疾病、酗酒、受 阻的激情,未得回报的爱,以及 19 世纪对于名望的追求。 安全行车 safe driving 奥林匹克精神 the Olympic ideals; the Olympic spirit 澳门特别行政区 the Macao Special Administrative Region 奥委会 Olympic Committee 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul 奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult. This work will take me till doomsday. 这工作要花我一辈子的时间. 奥运火炬护跑手 escort runner 奥运人家 Olympic homestays (The “Olympic homestays” program offers foreign visitors a chance to experience Beijing citizens’ real lives. “奥运人家”项目为外国游客提供机会, 让他们充分体验地道的北京市民生活。) 奥运圣火采集仪式 Olympic flame lighting ceremony 奥 运 特 许 商 品 Olympic merchandise; franchised goods for Olympic Game 奥运中心区 Olympic Common Domain (The Olympic Common Domain is set to open to the public free of charge Friday, the Beijing Times reported Wednesday. But tickets are needed to visit the
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Olympic venues, such as the Bird's Nest, the Water Cube and the National Indoor Stadium. Prior to the reopening, the OCD return such facilities as security check roofs to the national Olympic committee. 《京华时报》8 日报道,奥林匹克公园中心区拟于周五 向游客免费开放,但鸟巢、水立方、国家体育馆等奥运场馆仍需购票 游览,票价尚未确定。据悉,此次开放前中心区将向奥组委归还安检 棚等临时物资。) 奥运专用车道 olympic driveway, special driveway for Beijing Olympic vehicles (Workers began to mark the special driveways for Beijing Olympic vehicles with five Olympic rings Saturday night. 周六晚,北京奥运专用车道施划工作正式展开,地面标识为 奥运五环图案。) 《阿 Q 正传》 The True Story of Ah Q 立法委员会 Legislative Council B B 超 type-B ultrasonic 八 宝 饭 eight-treasure rice pudding(steamed glutinous rice with bean paste, lotus seeds, preserved fruit, etc.) 罢工 down tools (Workers are set to down tools in protest against employer's refusal to budge on wage demands. 由于雇 主在工资问题上拒不让步,工人们准备进行罢工。) 八 卦 gossip, gossipy.Originally the name of an eight-side diagram derived from the famous Chinese classic “Ching”(Book of Changes), it is now often used to describe gossip or gossipy people. 八卦网站 gossip site ("Everything that I type, everything that I do, some gossip site makes it news," she added. 她补充说: “我写的一切,我所做的一切,一些八卦网站都把它们编成了新 闻。”) 把关 guard a pass; check on; maintain a strict standard 拔尖人才 tip-top (or top-notch) talent 巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization(PLO) 《巴黎航空公约》(1919) The Paris Aviation Covenant 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse 八 面 玲 珑 be slick (in social intercourse); try to please everybody or offend nobody 霸权主义 hegemonism 吧台 bar counter
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把握大局 grasp the overall situation 八字没一撇 Not even the first stroke of the character is in sight; Nothing tangible is yet in sight. 八卦 Eight Diagrams; bagua 八卦(娱乐) gossip 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war 摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance, do for show 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace 拜金女 material girl (Ma Nuo, 22, a model from Beijing, has won plaudits for her stylish appearance, but is equally derided for her material girl image. 来自北京的模特马诺只有 22 岁,却因其 时尚的外表赚足了众人的眼球。 但同时她也成为人们所嘲笑的“拜金 女郎”。) 拜金主义 money worship 白领犯罪 white-collar crime 白领工人 white-collar worker 白领工人 White collar (早在 1928 年,人们开始用 white-collar 来形容非体力劳动者,如老师、公务员等。“白领”顾名思义,表示 其职业要求着装整齐、清洁。) 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle 百年老店 century-old shop 白皮书 white paper 白热化 white heat 白色农业 white agriculture 白色污染 white pollution 摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty 百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing. 百般拖延 do everything to postpone 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers 白炽灯 incandescent bulb 摆架子 put on airs 白马王子 Prince Charming 拜年 pay a New Year's visit 摆平 straighten sth out; sort out 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances 白 人 至 上 主 义 者 white supremacist (Two US men have been arrested and charged for plotting a "killing spree" against
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African-Americans and ultimately targeting Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama, the US attorney's office in Tennessee said Monday. Daniel Cowart, 20, and Paul Schlesselman, 18, were self-described white supremacists. They planned to kill 88 people, including 14 who would be beheaded. 美国田纳西州联邦检察官 27 日说,他们破获了一起谋杀民主党总统 候选人奥巴马和袭击更多非洲裔人的阴谋, 并逮捕和起诉了两名行凶 未遂者。 据称, 这两人分别是现年 20 岁的考瓦特和 18 岁的舍莱索曼。 他们自称 "白人至上主义者",原计划打死 88 名黑人,并斩首其中 14 人,将刺杀奥巴马作为"最后行动"。) 白色行情表 white sheet 白色农业 "white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)" 白手起家 starting from scratch 白雪公主 Snow White 半边天 half the sky 班车 shuttle bus 半成品 semi-manufactured goods; semi-finished products 板儿寸 crew cut (bush top) 办公室恋情 office romance (31% workers in the US said they married the person they dated at work, according to a survey of 8,038 workers released by CareerBuilder.com. The office romance survey also said more men (14%) than women (5%) reported they would like to date a colleague. 美国 CareerBuilder.com 网站公布的调查结果显示,31%的人和同事约会并喜结连理,调查对 象为 8038 名成年全职职员。这项关于办公室恋情的调查还显示,14% 的男性乐意与同事约会,但仅有 5%的女性持相同态度。) 办公室设备 office equipment 办公自动化 OA (Office Automation) 半官方贸易 semi-official trade 颁奖大会 award presentation ceremony 半决赛 semifinal 半决赛四强 four semifinalists 半拉子工程 uncompleted project 板楼,板式楼 slab-type apartment building 斑马线 zebra crossing 班门弄斧 teach one's grandma to suck eggs
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办年货 do New Year's shopping 搬迁户 a relocated unit or household 版权法 copyright law 版权贸易 copyright business 版权所有 copyright reserved; copyrighted 伴生矿 associated minerals 版税率 royalty rate 半托 day care (for kids) 半脱产 partly released from productive labor; partly released from one's regular work 伴宴人员 escort 搬运工人 transport worker 伴飞卫星 accompanying satellite (Chinese scientists Sunday successfully directed the accompanying satellite BX-1 to begin circling the Shenzhou-7 spaceship, on an elliptical track of 4km multiplying 8km. 5 日,在中国科学家监控下,神舟七号伴飞 卫星顺利实现了在 4×8 公里椭圆轨道上环绕神七飞行的目标。) 帮倒忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process; kiss of death 绑架老板 bossnapping, locking up the boss.(Staff at French plants run by Sony, 3M and Caterpillar have held managers inside the factories overnight to demand better layoff terms, a new form of labor action dubbed "bossnapping" by the media.索尼、 3M、卡特彼勒公司法国分厂的工人为争取更好的解聘条件,曾分别将 公司经理锁在厂里过夜,这被媒体称为"绑架老板"。) 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybag 办公室里闲聊 chat around the water cooler; water cooler chat 棒球运动记者 scribe 办丧事 conduct a funeral 版 税 收 入 royalty income (Guo Jingming topped the list of China's millionaire authors of 2008 released Monday for the 2nd year with a RMB13m royalty income, followed by Zheng Yuanjie with RMB11m and Yang Hongying with RMB9.8m. 2008 中国作家富 豪榜周一新鲜出炉,郭敬明以 1300 万元的版税收入蝉联冠军,郑渊 洁以 1100 万、杨红樱以 980 万的身家分列富豪榜第二、三位。) 包车 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle
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保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy 保持清醒头脑,增强忧患意识和历史责任感 remain sober-minded, become more aware of potential problems and enhance our sense of historical responsibility 保兑银行 confirming bank 暴发户 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities) 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house (for exclusive use) 报复性关税 retaliatory duty 包干到户 work contracted to household 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash 包购包销 exclusive right to purchase and sell 曝光 make public; expose 保护关税 protective duty/tariff 保护价格 protective price 保护伞 protective umbrella 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment 保 护 消 费 者 合 法 权 益 protect the legitimate rights and interests of consumers 保护主义 protectionism 包机 charter a plane; a chartered plane 报价单 quotation of prices 保健按摩 therapeutic massage 保健操 health exercises 保监会 the China Insurance Regulatory Commission 保健品 health care products 保健食品 health-care food 报界 the press 包揽 clean sweep (Japanese athletes took the chance to perform in front of their home crowd dazzling spectators with a clean sweep of the 70m ski-jumping event. 日本运动员包揽了 70 米跳 台滑雪比赛的所有奖牌,令国人一饱眼福。) 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up 暴力拆迁 forced relocation (But forced relocation will be used
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if necessary so that the self-interests of a handful of people will not hurt the interests of the majority, said Zhang Qiong, deputy director of the State Council Legislative Affairs Office. 国务院法制办副主任张穹说, 如果必要的话还是会采取强制拆迁的方 式,这样才不会因为少数人的利益而影响到大多数人的利益。) 暴力片 splatter film 保龄球 bowling 保龄球馆 bowling alley 包 容 性 增 长 inclusive growth (The theme of the meeting is "Developing Human Resources, Vigorously Promoting Employment and Realizing Inclusive Growth". 这次会议的主题是“开发人力 资源、大力促进就业、实现包容性增长”。) 保释 on bail 保税仓库 bonded warehouse 保 税 区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area; tax-protected zone 保外帮教 remain out of custody by receiving help from the family or work unit 报喜不报忧 report only the good but not the bad 保息股票 guaranteed stock 报销 apply for reimbursement 包销人 underwriter 包修、包换、包赔制度 system of thee guarantees for repair, replacement or compensation of faulty products 保障措施 supporting measures 保障性住房 indemnificatory housing (China has allocated more than 60 billion yuan ($8.85 billion) to build 5.8 million indemnificatory apartments to curb the skyrocketing housing prices, said Jiang Weixin, minister of housing and urban-rural development, at the 2010 China Mayors Forum on Saturday. 住 房和城乡建设部部长姜伟新周六在 2010 中国市长论坛上表示,中央 已下拨 600 多亿元(88.5 亿美元)建造 580 万套保障性住房,以遏 制飞涨的房价。) 保证金账户 margin account 保证物流畅通 ensure unimpeded flow of goods and materials 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate 保质期,保修期 shelf (storage) life; guarantee period
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包装精美 delicately packed 包装业 package industry 保安员 security staff 包产到户 contract production quotas to individual households 保持共产党员先进性 keep CPC members progressive, innovative and forward-thinking 保持国有股 keep the State-held shares 保持资本金充足 secure capital funds 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) 包干到户 work contracted to households 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash 包工包料 contract for labor and materials 包工头 baogongtou, labor contractor (Huang Jiakun, a "bao gong tou" (labour contractor), who has been residing in Shanghai for 10 years became agitated when discussing the unpaid wages problem.) 报关员 declarant 报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project 保健品 health supplements 保健食品 health-care food 暴利 excessive profit; windfall profit 爆料 tip-off 保留为自然耕地 reserve as natural farmland 保理业务 factoring business 保税港区 bonded port area (The State Council has officially approved the Qianhai Bay Bonded Port Area in Shenzhen recently. 日前,国务院正式批复同意设立深圳前海湾保税港区。) 保险费 insurance premium 保险赔付金额 compensation pay-outs 保险索赔 insurance claim 保障合同和交易安全 guarantee contracts and safe dealings 保障民众和社会免受安全威胁 protect the citizens and societies against security threats 保证基金 guaranteed fund 保证金 margins, collateral 保 证 决 策 的 科 学化 和 民 主 化 ensure the decision-making more scientific and democratic
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保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas 保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings 包装食品 packaged foods 包子 steamed bun 八荣八耻 Eight Honors & Eight Disgraces (坚持以热爱祖国为荣、 以危害祖国为耻,以服务人民为荣、以背离人民为耻,以崇尚科学为 荣、以愚昧无知为耻,以辛勤劳动为荣、以好逸恶劳为耻,以团结互 助为荣、以损人利己为耻,以诚实守信为荣、以见利忘义为耻,以遵 纪守法为荣、以违法乱纪为耻,以艰苦奋斗为荣、以骄奢淫逸为耻。 Love, do not harm the motherland. Serve, don't disserve the people. Uphold science; don't be ignorant and unenlightened. Work hard; don't be lazy and hate work. Be united and help each other; don't gain benefits at the expense of others. Be honest and trustworthy, not profit-mongering at the expense of your values. Be disciplined and law-abiding instead of chaotic and lawless. Know plain living and hard struggle, do not wallow in luxuries and pleasures.) 霸王条款 inequality / imparity clause 被动吸烟 passive smoking; second-hand smoking 背黑锅 become a scapegoat 备件 spare parts 被叫方付费电话 reverse charge call/ collect telephone call 北 京 奥 申 委 Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Bidding Committee (BOBICO) 北京四环路 the fourth ring road in Beijing 《 北 美 自 由 贸 易 协 定 》 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) 背投屏幕 rear projection screen 备用资金 reserve fund 北 约 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-established in April 1949--it has 15 member states and a headquarters in Brussels, the capital of Belgium. 背包旅行者 backpacker 被叫通话 incoming call 北京航天指控中心 Beijing Aerospace Control Centre 北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank 被迫退出(比赛) sideline (Recently signed Los Angeles Lakers guard Sun Yue will be sidelined indefinitely as a result of
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testing positive for mononucleosis. 孙悦刚刚签约洛杉矶湖人 队,就因单核细胞增多症测试呈阳性,恐将无缘近期的比赛。) 备用轮胎 spare tire (A cat survived a 2.5-hour trip on a spare tire under her owner's truck. 一只猫趴在主人卡车的备用轮胎上, 车子开了 2 个半小时后竟安然无恙。) 被摘牌的公司 delisted company 被指控接受贿赂 be accused of accepting bribes 本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip 本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches 笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start. 本票 cashier's cheque 奔 三 push toward 30s ("I'm really worried," she said. "My daughter is pushing toward her 30s. She has a busy job and a limited number of acquaintances. I really hope she can get married before 28 and have a baby before 30.” 一位母亲说: “我真着急。女儿都奔三了,她工作很忙,交往圈子又小。我特别希 望她能在 28 岁前结婚,30 岁之前生孩子。”) 本土电影 homegrown film (Chinese authorities have ordered the 2D version of "Avatar" pulled from screens across the country, reportedly, part of the reason is to reduce competition for China's homegrown films. 中国已经下令在全国停映 2D 版《阿凡 达》 ,据说部分原因是为了帮助本土电影减少竞争压力。) 本土化 localilzation 本土疫苗 homegrown vaccine (China on Thursday granted approval to its first home-grown H1N1 flu vaccine, which producer Sinovac says is effective after only one dose, as the country braces for a feared winter outbreak. 为了应对可能出现的冬季 甲型流感大爆发,周四时中国批准了第一批本土 H1N1 流感疫苗,该 疫苗的生产者北京科兴生物制品公司说这种疫苗只需注射一次就能 起到防护作用。) 奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life 本本主义 bookishness; book worship 《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica 蹦迪 disco dancing 蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping 必胜 be bound to win 闭关政策 closed-door policy
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比基尼 bikini 比较文学 comparative literature 比较经济学 comparative economics 闭卷 closed-book exam 闭路电视 close-circuit television 闭门羹 given a cold shoulder 比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" 逼上梁山 be driven to do something 避税 tax avoidance 避嫌 avoid doing anything that may arouse suspicion 毕业设计 graduation design 毕业生分配制度 assignment system for graduates 便当 brown bag 边防证 frontier pass 边际效益 marginal benefit 边 境 检 查 border inspection (International delegations arriving in Shanghai for the upcoming World Expo would be entitled to special passage for swift border inspection as the metropolis gears up for the final run-up to the international event. 在世博会的最后准备阶段,上海将为陆续抵达的外国参展团 提供专用通道实行快速边境检查。) 便民服务 service for the convenience of the customers 变相涨价 disguised inflation 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer 变形金刚 Transformers ("Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen" opened to Chinese audiences at 0:00 Wednesday, smashing first-day box office records in many theatres across the capital. 24 日零点, 《变形金刚 2》在中国"卷土重来",上映首日便 打破北京多家影院首映当日票房纪录。) 变性人 transgender (Thomas Beatie, a transgender man of Oregon, gets pregnant by artificial insemination. 来自俄勒冈的变性男 子托马斯·贝蒂通过人工受精方式怀孕。) 便衣警察 police in plain clothes 边远地区 remote and border areas 边 缘 科 学 borderline (boundary) science; fringe (border) discipline 边远贫困地区 outlying poverty-stricken areas
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边缘知识人 Marginal intellectuals 贬值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency) 变废为宝 make waste profitable 边际报酬 marginal return 边际薪酬 marginal salaries 便利店 convenience store 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer 表面文章 lip service; surface formality 标准普通话 standard mandarin 标本兼治 address both the symptoms and root cause 表见代理,禁止反言的代理 agency by estoppel (注:Legally binding agency relationship that may arise where, in fact, no formal agency agreement is in effect. A principal may give an appearance of agency relationship by, for example, furnishing his or her firm's call cards or other stationery to the agent. In such cases, the existence of an agency may be presumed, and the principal may be bound by the acts of the agent performed on the principal's behalf. Also called presumption of agency. 例:这桩案子可能就涉及到民法上的表见代理,在民法上表见代理不 一定需要代理人的授权。This case may possibly be related to an agency by estoppel where authority from an agent is not necessary in civil law. ) 标书 bidding documents 表演赛 demonstration match 别跟自己过不去 Don't be too hard on yourself. 冰雕 ice sculpture 病毒性感染 viral infection 兵工企业 munitions factory; arsenal 兵马俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures 并网发电 combined to the grid 冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug" 病毒性感冒 viral influenza 秉公办案 handle cases impartially 秉公执法 enforce laws impartially 鼻烟壶 snuff bottle 博鳌亚洲经济论坛 Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) 博导 Ph.D. supervisor; doctoral advisor
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剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off 《伯尔尼公约》 (有关保护文学和艺术作品版权的公约) Berne Convention 伯乐 good judge of talent (the name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses) 薄利多销 small profit, large sale volume 博士后 post-doctoral 博士生导师 tutor of a Ph.D. student 博彩(业) lottery industry 剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody 播客 podcast 博客圈 blogosphere 薄利多销 small profit, large sales volume; small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales 博士生 Ph.D candidate BP 机 beeper, pager B to B (B2B) business to business B to C (B2C) business to consumer 不安全性行为 unprotected sex 不败记录 clean record, spotless record 步步高升 Promoting to a higher position 补偿贸易 compensatory trade 不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force 不承诺放弃使用武力 will not commit ourselves to rule out the use of force 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " 布达拉宫 the Potala Palace 不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. 不得转让 not negotiable 不 分 上 下 的 总 统 选 举 结 果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result 不感冒 have no interest 不搞劳民伤财的“形象工程” refrain from building “vanity projects”that waste both money and manpower 不管部部长 minister without portfolio 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie
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不记名投票 secret ballot 《不见不散》 Be there or be square. 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement 不可抗力 force majeure 不可推卸的责任 compelling obligation 不可再生资源 non-renewable resources 布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods System 不良贷款 non-performing loan 不买账 not take it; not go for it 不眠之夜 white night 不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO) 不拿原则换人情 refrain from seeking personal favor at the expense of principle 补缺选举 by-election 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. 不速之客 gate-crasher 补习班 tutoring center (Macao's Education and Youth Affairs Bureau has ordered two local privatetutoring centers to be temporarily shut down as it received reports of a sexual abuse cases involving the two centers and young boys, the Macao Post Daily reported on Friday. 据《澳门邮报》周五报道,澳门教育暨 青年局下令暂时关闭两家当地的私立补习班, 因为该局收到有关这两 家补习班对男生进行性虐待的报告。) 不惜一切代价 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best 不信任投票 vote of non-confidence 步行街 pedestrian street 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" 不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses 不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best 部长级会议 ministerial meeting 不折腾 avoid self-inflicted setbacks; don't get sidetracked; buzheteng 不正当竞争 unfair competition 不正当竞选 illicit competition 不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency 步兵师 infantry division
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不倒翁 tumbler; never-fall doll 补钙 calcium supplement 不扩散核武器条约 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; NPT 不锈钢 stainless steel C 擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball" 擦网球 net ball 财产税 property tax; estate (or capital) duty 采购团 purchasing mission 采光 lighting 裁减冗员 cut down on overstaffing ; lay off redundant staff 采景 choose a location (for movie, TV drama, etc.) 裁军 disarmament 彩扩 color film processing 菜篮子工程 vegetable basket program; non-staple food project 财力明显增强 financial strength grew noticeably 菜鸟,新手 green hand 采暖 heating 彩票 lottery ticket 采取措施后 ex post 采取措施前 ex ante 采 取 高 姿 态 show high-profile; exercise forbearance; be tolerant 才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge 财务报表 financial statement 财务代理人 fiscal agent 财务公开 keep the public informed of the financial affairs 财务焦虑 financial worries ( The guide is meant to help people identify any serious health concerns related to financial worries and develop coping skills. 该指南旨在帮助问题人群发 现由财务焦虑引起的严重健康问题,并提供应对技能。) 裁员 job cut (The latest job cut, which aims to further reduce the company's costs by enhancing efficiency and help maintain its competitive edges amid the global economic slowdown, will be completed by the end of March, said Lenovo. 联想集团 25 日 宣布,将在其位于中国的全球职能部门中削减 450 个岗位。联想称, 此次裁员目的是在全球经济放缓的环境下,进一步提升整体运作效
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率,并保持公司竞争力。裁员将于 3 月底完成。) 财政包干 fiscal responsibility system 财政赤字 financial deficit 财政纪律 financial and economic discipline 财政年度 fiscal year 财政收入 fiscal revenue 财政税收 revenue tax;fiscal levy;fiscal taxation;financial taxation 财 政 、 信 贷 双 紧 方 针 policy of tightening control over expenditure and credit 才子佳人 gifted scholars and beautiful ladies 财产性收入 property income 踩高跷 Stilt walk (手机)彩铃 polyphonic ringtone 采煤沉陷区 sinkholes in coal mining areas 彩排 dress rehearsal 彩票;刮刮卡 scratchcard 彩屏 color screen 财 团 consortium (Manchester City are likely to cancel the contracts of their trio of Thai players following a takeover by a United Arab Emirates consortium, the club's representative said Thursday. 曼城俱乐部驻泰国代表 16 日说,随着俱乐部被阿联 酋财团收购,此前俱乐部和 3 名泰国球员签订的合同可能被废除。) 财务丑闻 accounting scandal 彩信 multimedia message 财 政 性 科 技 投 入 government investment in science and technology 财政支持 financial support 参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine 惨淡经营 work hard and carefully to keep one's business going 参股 equity participation. (Insiders say Huiyuan will give up overall sales but get funding through feasible ways such as equity participation.行业人士估计汇源不会再次选择整体出售, 参股等方式更加可行。) 参股公司 joint -stock company 参股者 equity participant 残疾人特奥会 The Special Olympic Games for the disabled 餐巾纸 napkin
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掺水文凭 diploma obtained by using unfair or unlawful means 餐饮业 catering industry 参与国际分工 participate in the international division of labor 参与意识 desire to participate; sense of participation 参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs 参 政 党 parties participating in the management of state affairs; parties participating in the government decision-making process 餐桌转盘 Lazy Susan 残奥会 Paralympic Games 仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket 藏书票 book labels identifying a collector (or collection) 舱外航天服 extra vehicular activity suits (Chinese only spent 4 years in developing its own EVA (extra vehicular activity) suits. Putting on the suit will take about 14 hours. 我国用 4 年时间研制出了自己的舱外航天服。航天服的拆包、组装、测试、 穿着,整个过程要持续 14 个小时。) 参照国际通行做法 follow standard international practices 操办 make arrangements 草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) 草药 herbal medicine 操纵比赛 game-rigging (The Ministry of Public Security set up a special task force to investigate alleged game-rigging in September 2006, when rumors of under-table deals and fixing ran rife. 2006 年 9 月,有关幕后交易和非法操纵的流言四起,为此公 安部设立了一支特别工作组,负责调查此事。) 操纵股票市场 manipulate the stock market 操作系统 operating system 侧记 sidelights 层 层 转 包 和 违 法 分 包 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting 茶道 sado 差额拨款 balance allocation 差额投票 differentail voting 差额选举 competitive election
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查房 make/go the rounds of the wards 查封 close down 插杠子 poke one's nose into someone's businesses 茶话会 tea forum; tea party 插件 plug-in unit 茶艺 tea ceremony 插嘴 interrupt; chip in 拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul 差旅费 expenses for business trips 拆迁补偿费 compensation for demolition 拆迁费用 removal expense 拆 迁 户 households or units relocated due to building demolition 拆台 let someone down; cut the ground from under someone's feet 禅 dhyana 产假 maternity leave 产粮大省 granary province 产品更新换代 upgrade of products 产品构成 product composition 产品积压 overstocked products; accumulation of inventories; stock pile; excessive inventory 产品结构 product mix 产品科技含量 technological element of a product 产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) 产权划转和产权变动 the transfer of and changes in property rights of enterprises 产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " 产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order 产权转让 transference of title of property 搀水股票 water-down stocks -- ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower than their face value 产销两旺 both production and marketing thrive 产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing 产业不景气 industrial depression
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产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies 产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure 产业升级 upgrade industries 产业政策 industrial policy 掺杂兑假 mix in fake or inferior components 唱对台戏 put on a rival show 长二捆 LM-2E 偿付能力 solvency 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words 常规裁军 conventional disarmament 常规武器 conventional weapon 长江后浪推前浪, 一代更比一代强 As in the Yangtze River, the waves behind ride on the ones before: The new generation excels the old. 长江三峡和黄河小浪底水利枢纽工程 the key water projects at the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River and at Xiaolangdi on the Yellow River 长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta 长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River 唱名表决 roll-call vote 场内交易人 floor trader 长跑 a long-distance running 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine 长期共存、 互相监督、 肝胆相照、 荣辱与共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " 长期国债 long-term government bonds 常设国际法庭 permanent international tribunal 唱双簧 play a duet----collaborate; echo each other 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project 长途电话 long-distance calls 场外证券市场 over-the-counter market 常委会 standing committee 常务董事 managing director; executive director 常务理事 executive member of the council 长线产品 product in excessive supply 畅销货 best selling lines (All these articles are best selling lines. 所有这些产品都是我们的畅销货。)
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倡议书 initial written proposal 长 治 久 安 a long period of stability; prolonged political stability; lasting political stability 常驻代表 permanent representative 常驻记者 resident correspondent 常驻联合国代表 permanent representative to the United Nation 常驻使节 permanent envoy 长期建设国债 long-term treasury bonds for construction 长 途 航 班 long-haul flight (As the economic crisis forces carriers to look for savings, Air France has become the 1st airline to introduce surcharges for the seats next to emergency exits or at the front of rows, where long legs can be stretched out. The £40 will first be applied to s, according to an Air France spokesman. 受经济危机影响,法国航空公司为缩减开支将在 业内率先加收乘客伸腿费。据悉,法航将提高紧急出口旁边和第一排 座位的机票价格,理由是这些座位可提供更大的伸腿空间。法航一发 言人称,为额外伸腿空间支付的费用为 40 英镑,计划首先在长途航 班上收取。) 产权和资产出让 property right and asset transfer 产权界定 delimitation of property rights 产权收益 income from property 超编人员 exceed personnel 超大城市 megacity behemoth (By then eight cities, Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Wuhan, will have populations of more than 10 million with some already megacity behemoths. 到那时,北京、上海、成都、重庆、 广州、深圳、天津、武汉这八个城市将成为人口超过一千万的超大城 市,而其中有些城市已经成为超大城市。) 超导元素 superconducting elements 超短波 ultrashort wave 超负荷运转 overloaded operation 超高速巨型计算机 giant, ultra-high-speed computer 超国民待遇 super-preferential policies (Early on in its reform and opening to foreign enterprise, China launched super-preferential tax policies for international companies in a bid to propel its economic growth, and the internationals were exempt from some taxes. 在对外资企业开放的早期,我国就在税收 方面对外企实行“超国民待遇”,以促进经济发展。外资企业得以免
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除部分税费。) 炒汇 speculate in foreign currency 超级巨型油轮 ultra large crude carrier 炒金热 stock-market fever 炒买炒卖 speculation 超期羁押 detention beyond the legally prescribed time limits 超前教育 superior education 超前精神 a surpassing spirit 超 前 消 费 pre-mature consumption; overconsume; excessive consumption 超前意识 superior consciousness 超生人口 exrta birth (The capital is urging parents who have broken family planning policies to register their extra births before Nov 1. 北京市正敦促违反计划生育政策的父母在 11 月 1 日 前为超生人口登记。) 超生游击队 (sarcastic) people who give more births than birth quota allows 超文本传送协议 hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) 潮汐电站 tidal power stations 超现实主义 surrealism 超载过牧 overgraze 超支户 household (or family) living perpetually in debt 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) 炒作 hype (Don't take media reports on the new movie seriously. Some reports are just hype. 看有关这部新片的报道可别当真,有 些纯粹是炒作。) 朝鲜半岛核问题 the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula 查票 ticket checking 车船使用税 vehicle and vessel tax (Thirty-year-old Chen Xiaoyu asked the office on Tuesday to refund part of the vehicle and vessel tax he has paid this year because he, like all other Beijing drivers, is not able to drive one day each week as a result of the car limitation policy in the capital - the so-called "no-car day". 30 岁的陈晓宇(音译)周二请(税务) 局退还今年他所缴纳的部分车船使用税, 因为他和所有其他北京驾车 者一样, 每周都有一天因为首都的“无车日”车辆限行政策而不能开 车。) 车船使用税 vehicle and vessel tax (Thirty-year-old Chen Xiaoyu
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asked the office on Tuesday to refund part of the vehicle and vessel tax he has paid this year because he, like all other Beijing drivers, is not able to drive one day each week as a result of the car limitation policy in the capital - the so-called "no-car day". 30 岁的陈晓宇(音译)周二请(税务) 局退还今年他所缴纳的部分车船使用税, 因为他和所有其他北京驾车 者一样, 每周都有一天因为首都的“无车日”车辆限行政策而不能开 车。) 扯后腿 hold (or pull) somebody back; be a drag on somebody 车 牌 摇 号 license-plate lottery (Starting on Friday, car registration will be allocated by a license-plate lottery system. 从周五开始,车辆登记将采用车牌摇号的方式进行。) 扯皮 shirk; pass the buck 彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force 撤销原案 rescind the case 撤销职务 annul one's position; dismiss ... from; be stripped of; remove... from 车展 auto show (Ford plans to introduce its Edge sports utility vehicle (SUV) at the upcoming Beijing Auto Show this month in a bid to tap fast-growing demand for SUVs among Chinese customers. 福特公司计划在本月的北京车展上展出 Edge 越野车 (SUV) ,以便开发中国消费者快速增长的 SUV 车型需求。) 撤职 remove from the post (The chief of the coal mine was removed from his post in the wake of a fatal gas blast . 由 于煤矿发生瓦斯爆炸事故,煤矿矿长被撤职。) 车间主任 Workshop Manager 车辆购置税 vehicle purchase tax 晨练 morning exercise 沉没成本 sunk cost 趁热打铁 make hay while the sun shines; strike while the iron is hot 尘云 dust clouds 城镇居民人均可支配收入 urban per capita disposable income 城镇社会保障体系 urban social security system 惩办主义 doctrine of punishment 承包经营权 contract for the managerial right 承包经营权 contract for the managerial right
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成本分摊 sharing costs 成本价` cost price 成本效益 cost-effectiveness 成本效益分析 cost-efficiency analysis 成分指数 component index 承购包销 underwrite 成活率 survival rate 城际高铁 intercity high-speed rail (The intercity high-speed rail line connecting Nanchang and Jiujiang in East China's Jiangxi province began operation on Monday, as part of the long-term plan of the railway network in China. The new train service would cover the 135-km journey in 45 minutes. 连接江 西省南昌市和九江市的城际高铁本周一开始运行, 这是我国铁路运输 长期规划项目之一。 新城际高铁将把 135 公里路程的运行时间缩短至 45 分钟。) 城际列车 inter-city train 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan 承建 contract to build 程控电话 computerized telephone 程控交换台 program-controlled telephone switchboard 惩前毖后,治病救人 learn from past mistakes and avoid future ones, and to cure the sickness to save the patient 成人中等职业技术教育 adult secondary vocational and technical education 成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized (technical) school for adults 橙 色 预 警 orange alert (The National Meteorological Center issued an orange alert, saying snow and sleet will sweep across central, eastern and southern regions from Friday night through Saturday. 中央气象台发布暴雪橙色预警, 预计周五晚到周六我国中 部、东部、南部地区将有新一轮强降雪。) 城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning 城市合作银行 urban cooperative bank 城市基础设施建设 the city's infrastructure construction 城市建设 urban construction 城市景观 townscape 城市经济学 urban economics 城 市 竞 争 力 urban competitiveness ("The pattern of urban
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competitiveness in the world is changing dramatically, and Chinese cities are rapidly upgrading their rankings," Ni Pengfei, a CASS professor, said at a press briefing in Beijing. 中国社科院的教授倪鹏飞在北京的一个新闻发布会上说: “全球城市 竞争力格局正在发生剧烈变化,中国城市的排名正迅速提高。”) 城市居民自治 self-governance by urban residents 城市居民最低生活保障 subsistence allowances for the urban poor 城市恐惧症 urbiphobia 城市垃圾 city refuse 城市绿地 urban open space; urban green land 城市绿化 urban landscaping 城市美容师 urban environmental worker 城市热岛效应 urban heat island effect (According to the latest statistics from the China Meteorological Administration, about one-fourth of the temperature rise caused by climate warming can be blamed on the "urban heat island effect." 根据中国气 象局的最新统计,在气候变化导致的气温上升中,大约有 1/4 是由城 市热岛效应导致的。) 城 市 生 活 无 着 的 流 浪 乞 讨 人 员 的 救 助 管 理 办 法 Measures for Assisting Vagrants and Beggars with No Means of Support in Cities 城市运动会 municipal athletics meet 成事在天,谋事在人 The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven; Man proposes, God disposes 成套引进 package import 成为国际共识 become a consensus of the international community 乘务员 vehicular attendant; conductor 城乡低收入居民 low-income residents in both town and country 城乡电网改造 projects for upgrading urban and rural power grids 城 乡 特 殊 困 难 群 众 urban and rural residents with special difficulties 成药 patent medicine 成药 patent medicine 城镇职工医疗保险制度改革 medical insurance for urban workers 城镇职工基本医疗保险制度 basic medical insurance system for urban working people
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城镇住房公积金 urban housing provident fund 承办单位 organizer 承包 contract with 成份指数 component index 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan 成名歌曲 break-out song, break-out single 承前启后,继往开来 inherit the past and forge ahead into the future 成人高考 the national higher education exams for self-taught adults 成人用品店 adult shop 成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults 城 市 低 保 对 象 urban residents entitled to basic living allowances 城市固定资产投资 urban fixed-asset investment 城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning 城 市 和 国 有 企 业 厂 办 大 集 体 collectively owned factories operated by state-owned enterprises and cities 城市户口 permanent urban residence certificate 城市流浪乞讨人员 urban vagrants and beggars 城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作 cutesification,崇尚竟品至上 boutiqueification,攀比银行存款 bankification 等摆阔作风,由 middle-aged urban yuppie 缩合而 成) 城乡结合部 rural-urban fringe zone 城乡信用社 credit cooperatives in both urban and rural areas 承销商 underwriter 诚信企业 high-integrity enterprise; enterprise of integrity 成组技术 group technology 车牌号 license plate number 车险 auto insurance 吃饱穿暖 eat their fill and dress warmly; have enough to eat and wear; have adequate food and clothing 持币待购 wait to buy with cash in hand 赤潮 red tide (which appear on the ocean) 吃饭财政 payroll finance; mouth-feeding budget-----a large proportion of the budget has been earmarked for paying salaries
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of government functionaries 吃干醋 be jealous ; be green with envy 吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government 吃劳保 live on labor insurance allowance 吃老本 live on one's own fat; bask in one's past glory; rest on one's laurels, eat on one's own principals, live off one's past gains or achievements 痴迷者 addict 吃偏饭 enjoy special privilege 赤 贫 人 口 people living in absolute poverty; destitute population 持平 hold the line 吃闲饭 stay idle 吃香 be very popular; be most welcome; be in great demand 吃小亏占大便宜 lose a little but gain much; take small losses for the sake of big gains 持 续 、 稳 定 、 协 调 发 展 sustained, stable and coordinated development 吃大锅饭 "egalitarian practice of ""everybody eating from the same big pot"" " 吃豆腐 take advantage of 充电 recharge one's batteries; update one's knowledge; brush up (on) 充电电池 rechargeable batteries 冲动性购买 impulse buying; impulse shopping 充分调动积极性和创造性 give full play to the initiative and creativity 充分利用两个市场,两种资源 fully utilize both domestic and international markets and resources 重复建设 redundant project; duplication of similar projects 重复生产 duplication of production 重 复 引 进 introduction of redundant technical facilities; importation of redundant technical facilities 冲剂 dissolved medicines; instant herbal medicines 冲击波(电脑病毒) Blaster 冲浪艇 surfboat 宠物医院 pet clinic
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宠物专线 pets-only airline (Pet Airways, an American-based airline, plans to begin service on July 14 as the country's first pets-only airline.美国第一家只服务"宠物旅客"的航空公司 ——宠物航空公司计划于 7 月 14 日开始运营。) 冲销账目 write off accounts 崇洋媚外 worship things foreign and fawn on foreign countries 冲账 strike a balance; counter-balance accounts; reverse an entry 充值卡 rechargeable card 充值卡 prepaid phone card 筹备委员会 preparatory committee 抽调 transfer a portion 筹划指导委员会 steering committee 抽检 spot check 抽奖 lucky draw 臭 老 九 stinking ninth category (of class enemies next to landlords, reactionaries and even spies, etc. , a term of abuse by ultra-Leftists for teachers and other educated people in the 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution) 抽杀成功 hit through 抽样调查 sample survey 筹资 raised capital/proceeds 筹资渠道 fundraising channels 储备基金 reserve funds 储币待购 save for purchases 初步候选人 preliminary candidate 除草剂 weed killer 出场费 appearance fee (The British singer earns an enormous sum of money as he demands an appearance fee of £1000 for a single appearance. 这位英伦歌手收入不菲,他一次出场费就高达 1000 英 镑。) 出风头 show off;in the limelight 出国热 craze for going abroad 出家 pravrajana; cloister 出境签证 exit visa 出境游 outbound tourism; outbound travel 出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry 出口创汇型企业 foreign exchange-earning enterprise
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出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports 出口管制 export control (Hi-tech export control is among the topics, including anti-protectionism and intellectual property rights, to be discussed between Chinese and US trade officials during Obama's visit, said Yao Jian, spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce at a briefing yesterday in Beijing. 商务部发言人姚坚昨天在北京举行的吹风会上表示,奥巴马访华期 间,中美商务官员的会晤议题包括(对华)高技术出口管制、反贸易 保护主义、以及保护知识产权等。) 出口加工区 export processing zone; area for processing export products 出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports 出口退税机制 export tax rebate system 出口退税率 export rebate rate 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate 出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill 出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities originally produced for exports 处理存货 sell-off 处理价格 bargain price; reduced price 处理品 items for disposal 出笼 release a bad publication, plan, etc. 触摸屏 touchscreen 出难题偏题 raise out-of-the-way and catchy questions 处女作 maiden work (In 1994, he got a bank loan for his maiden work. 他 1994 年为自己的处女作拿到了一笔银行贷款。) 出气筒 punching bag 出勤率 attendance rate 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go 除"四害" eliminate the four pests---rats, bedbugs, flies and mosquitoes 出台 unveil fresh policy 出线资格 finals berth (Ecuador had to win their home game knowing it would be difficult to beat a confident Chile side who secured their finals berth with an impressive 4-2 away win over Colombia, joining the already qualified Brazil and Paraguay. 厄瓜多尔必须在这场主场比赛中获胜, 并深知击败自信的
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智利队困难重重。 智利队在之前以精彩的 4 比 2 的比分客场战胜哥伦 比亚队,已取得出线资格。此前获得出线资格的(南美球队)还有巴 西和巴拉圭。) 除烟叶外,取消农业特产税 all taxes on special agricultural products will be repealed except for tobacco 储运 storage and transport 出租业务 leasing 传媒 media 传染病防治法 law on the prevention and control of infectious diseases 传染性疾病 communicable disease 穿梭外交 shuttle diplomacy 传统产业 conventional industries 船务公司 shipping service company 传销 pyramid-selling; multi-level marketing 穿小鞋 make it hot for; make trouble for 穿新鞋走老路 wearing new shoes to walk on the old path; change in form but not in content; put old wine in new wineskins 穿针引线 act as go-between 穿 帮 goof, mistake (Incorrectly regarded as goofs: Gimli attempts to smash the ring with an axe which is completely destroyed, breaking into several pieces. In the next shot the pieces are missing and, when he pledges his axe to Frodo several minutes later, the axe is suddenly intact. In fact, he snatches the axe of the dwarf next to him to attack the ring.) 创建卫生城市 build an advanced clean city 创刊号 inaugural issue (The official English-language journal of the Guangzhou 2010 Asian Games launched its inaugural issue on Monday as the southern city headed into the last 60 days before the opening of the Games. 本周一,在距离广州亚运会开 幕倒计时 60 天之际, 广州 2010 年亚运会的英文官方会刊创刊号正式 发行。) 窗口行业 service trade 创利 generate profit 创业板 Growth Enterprise Board (Investors can apply to open accounts to trade stocks on the Growth Enterprise Board beginning on Wednesday. 创业板开户报名工作 15 日开始启动。) 创业精神 enterprising spirit; pioneering spirit
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创业者 start-up 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park 创意 new idea or concept 创新型国家 innovation-oriented country 创作型歌手 singer-composer 传染病 communicable disease; infectious disease (歌手的)出道歌曲 first / debut single 垂直管理 vertical management 垂直贸易 vertical trade 吹风会 (advanced) briefing 出境游客 outbound tourist 出口信贷 export credit 纯净水 purified water 春困 spring fever (Drinking tea is a good way to prevent spring fever.喝茶是预防春困的好办法。) 春运 (passenger ) transport during the Spring Festival 春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program 《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals 春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival 处世之道 philosophy of life 初为人母 first-time mother; new mother 次大陆 subcontinent 磁卡电话 magnetic card telephone 慈善餐会 giveaway buffet (L.A. launches annual Thanksgiving giveaway buffet—Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa hosted the city's annual Thanksgiving giveaway Tuesday as similar charity events took place throughout the city, two days ahead of the official holiday. 洛杉矶举办一年一度的感恩节慈善餐会 ——洛杉矶市长安东尼奥?维拉莱果萨本周二主持了该市一年一度的 感恩节慈善餐会, 类似的慈善活动在距离感恩节正式到来还有两天的 时候就在全城开展起来了。) 此 地 无 银 三 百 两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. 次级抵押贷款 subprime mortgage 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old year and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new 次级债券 subordinated bond 次区域合作 sub-regional cooperation
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次生地质灾害 secondary geological disaster 次新股 sub-new stock 磁 悬 浮 列 车 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train 从零开始 start from scratch 从群众中来,到群众中去 from the masses, to the masses 从众心理 group psychology 从众行为 the behavior of blindly conforming to the norm 从粗放经济转变 为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy 凑份子 club together 粗放经营 extensive management 粗放型 extensive form 粗加工产品 rough-wrought product 促进对外贸易多元化 diversify our trading partners; promote the diversification of foreign trade 促进经济发展和社会全面进步 promote economic development and social progress in an all-around way 促进区域协调发展 promoting the coordinated development of all regions 促销 promote sales; promotion 粗放经营 extensive operation 粗放式管理 extensive management 催泪弹 tear gas 促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy 促进文化市场健康发展 facilitate the sound development of the markets for cultural products 粗口 four-letter word 存储能力 storage capacity “村村通广播电视”工程 project “extend radio and TV coverage to every village” 存量资本 stock of capital 村办企业 village-run enterprise 存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits 存款单 certificates of deposits 存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system 存款准备金率 ratio of deposits, deposit-reserve ratio 村民委员会 villagers committee
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错时上下班 staggered rush hour plan (More buses and trains needed for staggered rush hour plan—As many as 800,000 commuters in Beijing will change their rush hour schedules as the new adjusted-work-hour policy kicks off on Monday. 错时 上下班方案需更多公交和地铁列车配合——周一开始实行新的错时 上下班政策后,北京 80 万上班族的上下班的时间将有所调整。) D 大案要案 major cases 打白条 issue IOU 大包大揽 take on all things 打包贷款 packing credit 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home 大包干 all-round responsibility system 打保票 vouch for somebody; guarantee something 达标活动 target hitting activities 大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease 大部制 Super-Ministry System 大包大揽 belly-worship 大酬宾 give a large discount to one's customers or guests 打出王牌 play one's trump card 大出血 make a big markdown 搭错车 follow a wrong train; join in a wrong group; follow a wrong example; wrong act because of wrong judgement or rash imitation 大而全 large and comprehensive; large and all-inclusive 打翻身战 fight to change for the better 打工 do work for others 大规模杀伤性武器 weapons of mass destruction 大锅饭 egalitarian practice of everyone taking food from the same big pot 打黑 crack down on evil forces 大轰动 blockbuster 大环境 the social, political and economic environment; the overall situation 大换血 an overall renewal of the membership of an organization 打击报复 conduct reprisals; retaliate 新词新译 Chinese Term

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T W X Y Z

打击非法投机活动 strike out at speculation; crack down on speculation 打假 crack down on fake products 打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products 大检察官 principal public procurator 大减价 markdown sales 大贱卖 big offering 大奖赛 prize-giving competition 打卡机 punch machine 打开天窗说亮话 put all cards on the table; speak frankly; let's not mince matters 大 开 眼 界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizons; be an eye-opener 打口碟 cracked CD 大款 tycoon 大力扣杀 hammer 大 龄 青 年 single youngsters who have exceeded the lawful marriage age (In China the age status of this group of people is around thirty in age. To be a short term, it is also called overage youth) 大路货 1.cheap goods; 2. popular goods of fine quality 大麻 marijuana, usually smoked or eaten to induce euphoria. (A British study shows the IQ of workers who tried to juggle messages and work fell by 10% - the equivalent to missing a whole night's sleep and more than double the 4% fall seen after smoking marijuana. 英国近日一项研究发现,在工作中经常发短信 的人智商会降低 10%,相当于一整夜没睡觉,而抽大麻后智商也只会 下降 4%。 ) 大满贯 grand slam 大排档 large stall; sidewalk snack booth 大片 big-budget movie (A slew of big-budget movies managed to
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lure moviegoers into theaters in the US and Canada during the Christmas holidays, despite a sluggish economy and bad weather. 尽管经济萧条、天气不好,一些大片还是在圣诞节期间把美国和加拿 大的影迷们拉进了电影院。) 打破僵局 break the deadlock 打破垄断 breakup of monopoly 打破“三铁” break the Three Irons: iron armchairs(life-time posts), iron rice bowl(life-time employment) and iron wages (guaranteed pay) 大气候 state policies and principles; overall atmosphere 大人物 great man; big potato; very important person (VIP) 大撒把 totally laissez-faire 大撒把 totally laissez-faire 大胜 white wash 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all 搭售 conditional sale; tie-in sale 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" 打私 combat smuggling 搭送 额外奉送 throw in 大腕 top notch, big shot 大碗茶 stall tea 大卫教 ranch Davidian 打问号 have some question or doubt 打小报告 secretly report on a colleague; rat on a fellow worker 打小报告的人 squealer 大小人 kidult. The Chinese term which translates literally “adult-aged child” derives from the English word “kidult,” a portmanteau of “kid” and “adult.” The term refers to middleaged people who refuse to be denied the freedom and pleasure of youth by doing or buying things designed for children. 答谢宴会 return banquet 大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series 大型廉价商店 warehouse store 大学扩招 enrollment expansion; scale expansion (The past years have witnessed a frenzied expansion of colleges and universities. Many schools, however, have just focused on scale
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expansion, but neglected quality improvement. 过去几年,高校 掀起了一阵扩招的热潮。然而,许多学校只关注于规模的扩大,却忽 视了教学质量的改善。) 大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking 大要案 major and serious criminal cases 打游击 work in unfixed places; work as a seasonal laborer 大藏经 Tripitaka 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. 大众传媒 mass media (of communications) 大专生 junior college student 大专文凭 associate degree 大做文章 make a big fuss about something 打补丁(电脑) patch installing 达成共识 reach a consensus 大法官 chief justice 打拐 cracking down on the abduction of women and children 大会特邀代表 specially-invited delegate to the congress 待岗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" 代沟 generation gap 代课老师 supply teacher (Mrs. Yang is our supply teacher today because our English teacher caught a cold last night. 我们英 语老师昨晚感冒了,杨老师今天来代课。) 贷款额度 lending quota (China's biggest banks are close to reaching annual lending quotas and plan to stop expanding their loan books to avoid exceeding the limits, according to four people with knowledge of the matter. 据四位知情人士透露,我 国几家大银行的年度贷款额度已接近用完, 计划停止发放新贷款以避 免超出限额。) 代理服务 agency service 代码 code 代培 train on contract; train special personnel for other work units in return for payment guaranteed by a contract 代销 market on commission 代销店 commission agent 带薪产假 paid maternity leave 带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits 带薪假期 paid holiday
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带薪年假 paid annual leave (The holiday will last from May 1 to 7, 3 days of which are legal national holidays followed by a 2-day weekend and a 2-day paid annual leave. 5 月 1 日至 7 日放假,其中 3 天为国家法定节日,2 天为周末,2 天为带薪年假。) 贷学金(助学贷款) student loan 待业 job-waiting 待业人员 job-waiting people 代孕 surrogate births(Japanese obstetricians adopted a ban against surrogate births in 1983. 1983 年日本产科界通过了一 项禁止代孕的规定。) 呆帐 dead account 代职 function in an acting capacity 逮捕证 arrest warrant 待机模式 standby mode 代金券 credit voucher, voucher 待机时间 standby time (In addition, iPhone will feature up to 250 hours—more than 10 days—of standby time. 此外,iPhone 的特性还有长达 250 小时——超过 10 天——的待机时间。) 贷款利率 lending rate 贷款限额 credit ceilings (Commercial banks' credit ceilings will be abolished to channel more lending to priority projects, rural areas, smaller enterprises and technical innovation. 商 业银行的贷款限额将被取消, 以便向优先项目、 农村地区、 小型企业、 技术革新项目等发放更多贷款。) 贷款质量 loan quality 代理书记 Acting Secretary (Acting Secretary of Commerce Robert L. Mallett today announced 18 inaugural appointments to two new public advisory committees at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.) 上/下班打卡 punch in (out) 蛋白质工程 protein engineering 单边主义 unilateralism 弹道导弹 ballistic missile 单刀赴会 start a solo run 单方面撕毁协定 unilaterally tear up an agreement or a treaty 淡季 dead or slack season 单亲 single parent 单身贵族 the single
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单亲家庭 single-parent family 淡水恶化 freshwater degradation 单挑;单干 do something by oneself; work on one's own 单 位 行 贿 corporate bribery (Huang Guangyu, once China's richest man and a home appliance tycoon, stood trial on Thursday in Beijing for illegal business dealing, insider trading and corporate bribery. 曾经的中国首富、家电业巨头黄光裕上周四在 北京以非法经营、内幕交易、单位行贿等罪名受审。) 单向收费 One-way charge system 单循环制 single round-robin system 单一经济 one sided economy; single product economy 单一种植 single cropping 党代会 congress of party representatives 党风 Party style 党风建设 construction of the Party conduct 挡箭牌 excuse; pretext 当前用户 active user 党群关系 Party-masses relationship 党外人士 non-Party personage; public figure outside the Party 党务公开 Open Management of Party Affairs 党性 Party spirit 党政机关 Party and government organizations 党总支 Party general branch 当作耳旁风 turn a deaf ear to something 党的三代中央领导集体 three generations of central collective leadership of the CPC 单行线 single line 单眼皮 single eyelid 单一票制 flat fare 淡妆 light makeup 盗版 VCD pirated VCD 导播 instructor in broadcasting 倒春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring 盗打 (电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means 导弹发射场 missile launching site; missile site 导弹护卫舰 (guided) missile destroyer 道德法庭 court of ethics
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倒挂销售 sell at a price lower than the purchasing price 倒汇 speculate in foreign currency 倒计时 countdown 捣浆糊(北方方言,和稀泥) give the runaround; run wild; act restlessly 倒买倒卖 profiteering 倒票 speculative reselling of tickets 倒爷 profiteer 盗用公款 embezzlement 道路交通安全法 the law on road traffic safety 到位 in place 大排量车 high-emission car (China will raise the consumption tax on high-emission cars and cut tax on low-emission ones from September 1, in an effort to save energy and fight pollution. 为节能和减少污染, 我国将从 9 月 1 日起提高大排量车的消费税税率, 同时降低小排量车消费税税率。) 打破企业垄断 to break business monopolies “大三通”(两岸) the three direct links (The mainland's Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits President, Chen Yunlin, held talks with the Taiwan-based Straits Exchange Foundation Chairman, Chiang Pin-kung, in Taipei Tuesday morning for their first summit in Taiwan. Chen and Chiang signed agreements on 4 issues concerning direct sea transport, increased chartered flights, direct postal service and food safety cooperation at 2 pm Tuesday, which means the realization of "the three direct links" of post, trade and transport services. 4 日上午,海协会会长陈云林和海基会董事长江丙坤在台 北举行会谈,这是两会最高领导人首次在台湾举行会谈,极具历史意 义。下午 2 时左右,双方就两岸海运直航、空运直航、直接通邮、食 品安全等四大议题签署协议,这意味着两岸将正式实现直接通邮、通 商、通航的"大三通"。) 打折店 discount store 德才兼备 have both political integrity and ability; people who possess both political integrity and professional ability 德高望重 be of high integrity and prestige; enjoy high prestige and command universal respect; be of noble character and enjoys high prestige 德智体美劳 "all around development of moral, intellectual,
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physical, aesthetics and labour education " 等额选举 single-candidate election 登革热 Dengue Fever 等价交换 equal-value exchange 等距离外交 equidistant diplomacy 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" 邓小平理论 Deng Xiaoping Theory 邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts 登月舱 lunar module 登记失业率 registered jobless rate 地 磁 暴 geomagnetic storm (caused by the activities of the sunspot) 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) 地对地导弹 surface-to-surface ballistic missile 地对空导弹 surface-to-air ballistic missile 敌对势力 hostile forces 第二产业 secondary industry 第 二 课 堂 the second classroom; practical training besides lecturing in the classroom 第二上市 secondary listing 第二学位 second Bachelor's degree 地方保护主义 regional protectionism 地 方 财 政 包 干 制 system where local authorities take full responsibility for their finances 地方财政 finance of local administration; local public finance; local finance 地沟油 swill-cooked dirty oil (The "illegal cooking oil" is usually made from discarded kitchen waste that has been refined, the report said, adding that the oil, which contains a highly toxic and carcinogenic substance called "aflatoxin", can cause cancer. 该报告称,“地沟油”通常使用餐厨垃圾提炼而成,成分中 含有的黄曲霉素毒性很强,可致癌。) 低谷 all-time low; at a low ebb 低级市 prefecture-level city 地级市 prefecture-level city 低价住房 low-cost housing 抵抗全球经济衰退 combat the global economic slump
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低空飞行 low-altitude flying 底夸克 bottom quark 第六感觉 the sixth sense 抵免 offset 地面塌陷 earth's surface sinking (More than 10 cases of the earth's surface sinking have been reported in the Jinshazhou housing estate since construction of the Guangzhou-Wuhan express railway began. 自武广高速铁路开工建设以来,金沙洲住 宅区已上报十余起地面塌陷事故。) 地勤人员 ground crew 地球村 global village 地球末日 geocide 地球日 Earth Day (April 22) 地球资源卫星 earth resources satellite 地区霸权主义 regional hegemonism 地区差异 regional disparity 地热 ground-source heat ("I would choose to use solar film to power air-conditioners in the Bird's Nest instead of the currentground-source heat pump," said Ding Gao, an engineer of the landmark building. 地标式建筑“鸟巢”的一位工程师丁高说: “我不会选择目前使用的地热井装置, 而会使用太阳膜来为鸟巢的空 调设备提供电力。”) 地热资源 geothermal resources 滴入式经济 trickle-down economy 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector 第三代移动电话(3G 手机) third-generation mobile; 3G mobile 地市级城市 prefecture-level city 低水平重复建设 low-level redundant development 第四产业 the fourth industry 迪斯尼乐园 Disney Land 地下出版物 underground publications 地下核试验 underground nuclear test 地下经济 underground economy 地下钱庄 illegal private bank 地效飞机 land-effect plane 第一发球权 first inning 第一发球员 first server 第一夫人 First Lady (First Lady Michelle Obama told People
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Magazine that the family wants to have a Portuguese water dog. 美国第一夫人米歇尔?奥巴马在接受《人物》杂志采访时称,奥巴马 一家已选定了白宫"第一狗"的种类——葡萄牙水犬。) 第一轮投票 first round of voting 第一生产力 primary productive force 第一手材料 material at first hand; first-hand material 第一双打 first pair 地震 earthquake, quake 地震棚 earthquake shelter-tents (used as emergency shelter after an earthquake) 点播 request the broadcasting (or telecasting) 点播节目 phone-in program 点钞费 counting fee (A depositor surnamed Cao went to a Beijing branch of the Agricultural Bank of China last week to deposit 300 yuan in 1-yuan coins. To her astonishment, the bank charged her 6 yuan as “counting fee.” 市民曹女士上周去农业银行北京 某支行存了 300 个一元硬币到个人账户上,令她吃惊的是,银行竟然 要向她收取了 6 元的“点钞费”。) 电大 college courses broadcast on television 垫付 "advancement, payment on account" 电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number 电话会议 teleconference 电话会议呼叫 Conference calling 电 话 勒 索 telephone extortionist. (Many Chinese-American business owners in California have been targeted by a telephone extortionist. 加州爆发专门针对华人商铺的电话勒索潮。) 电话留言机 answering machine 点击欺诈 click fraud (Being accused of click fraud - charging them for non-existent clicks, a spokesperson for the social networking company Facebook admits Sunday there is a problem and says a fix is coming.著名社交网站 Facebook 存在点击欺诈的 消息传出后, 该公司发言人布兰顿?麦克科米克周日承认 Facebook 确 实存在该问题, 公司将尽快修正, 并给予受点击欺诈的广告主补偿。 ) 电老虎 electricity guzzler; big power consumer 点面结合 integrate point and sphere 点名册 roll book 电脑病毒 computer virus 电脑犯罪 computer crime
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电脑校对机 electronic-brain collator 电脑空间 cyberspace 电脑聊天 cyberchat 电脑盲 computer illiterate 电脑迷 mouse potato 点球 penalty kick 电视电影 made-for-television movie (A total of 28 Primetime Emmy Awards, especially those involving made-for-television movies and miniseries that were previously excluded from the live broadcast, will be presented live by CBS television during the Sept. 20 event, according to a report on the Dailynews website. 《每日新闻》网站报道称,美国哥伦比亚电视台将于 9 月 20 日现场直播黄金时段节目艾美奖颁奖典礼。艾美奖所有 28 个奖项 都将现场直播, 其中还包括原本不在此列的电视电影奖和电视系列短 剧奖。) 电视发射台 television transmitting station 电视会议 video conference 电视迷 couch potato 电视网 television network 电视真人秀 television reality shows (Television reality shows are losing their audience appeal in China, according to a market research.一项市场调查表明,在中国,电视真人秀逐渐失去了对观 众的吸引力。) 电视直销 TV home shopping 电信运营商 telecom operators 电信诈骗 e-crime (A crackdown on "e-crime" has revealed gangs are having the greatest success among older people and women, an official from the Ministry of Public Security said Monday. 周一,公安部通报打击电信诈骗犯罪专项行动阶段成果,其中显示受 害者多为中老年人和女性。) 电影版权费 movie royalties (A spokesperson for the China Film Copyright Association (CFCA), told China Daily on Tuesday that the association's members will share 90 percent of the royalties collected and the association will keep the remaining 10 percent as management fees. 中国著作权协会一位发言人本周 二在接受《中国日报》采访时表示,收取的电影版权费中,90%将归 该协会的成员所有,剩下的 10%将作为管理费使用。) 电影展映 film panorama (The French Film Panorama is coming back
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to China in April with an extended program and the largest ever artist delegation. 法国电影展映将于四月份再度在中国举行,此 次影展还会有其它形式的表演项目, 到访的艺术家代表团也是有史以 来规模最大的。) 电源电网 power generating facilities and power grids 电子报刊 electronic press 电子宠物 electronic pet 电子出版 electronic publishing 电子词典 electronic dictionary 电子耳 electronic ears 点子公司 consulting company 电子公告牌 Bulletin Board System (BBS) 电子货币 electronic currency; electronic money 电子商务认证 e-business certification 电子商务平台 e-commerce platform 电子商务 electronic commerce; e-business; e-commerce 电子数据交换业务 electronic data interchange service 电子物流配送 e-distribution 电子银行 electronic bank 电子邮件 e-mail 电 子 阅 读 器 e-book reader (Chinese hi-tech firm Hanwang Technology said it expected shipments of its e-book readers to increase 400 percent this year, as demand for the portable reading device grows both domestically and overseas. 中国高 科技公司汉王科技公司表示, 由于国内外对电子阅读器的需求量都在 增加,他们预计今年该公司电子阅读器的发运量将增长 400%。) 点击量 pageview 电视派生剧 TV spin-off (Robert Pattinson is in negotiations with bosses at Summit Entertainment regarding the TV spin-off, according to Contactmusic. 据英国媒体 Contactmusic 的消息,罗 伯特?帕丁森正在与顶峰娱乐公司的老总们就拍摄电视派生剧进行协 商。) 电视电话会议 videophone conference 电视/广播广告 spot ad (Spot ads are the most expensive and usually the most effective. ) 点心 dim sum 电子客票 e-ticket 电子眼 road camera (Traffic police have to put up signs telling
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drivers where road cameras have been installed. 公安部新修订 的道路安全规定要求交通部门公布电子眼设置的地点。) 电子游戏,电玩 video game (Doctors who spend at least 3 hours a week playing video games make about 37% fewer mistakes in laparoscopic surgery and perform the task 27% faster than their counterparts who don't, according to a US study. Researchers said playing video games can improve doctors' hand-eye coordination and agility. 美国一项最新研究显示,如果医生每周 至少玩 3 小时电子游戏,他们做腹腔镜手术出错率将减少 37%,而且 速度也能提高 27%。研究人员称,玩电子游戏可以提高医生的手眼协 调能力,并增加手指的灵活度。) 电子政务 e-government (解决争端)调查结果 findings 吊带衫 sun-top, tank-top 掉价 fall in price; degrade oneself 吊球 drop shot 吊胃口 tempt (someone with something); stimulate someone's desire 吊销执照 revoke one's license 钓鱼工程 angling engineering projects 钓鱼台国宾馆 Diaoyutai State Guesthouse 调动一切积极因素 mobilize all positive factors 吊唁簿 condolence books (China's missions abroad were ordered to observe the order of three-day national mourning for the tens of thousands of people killed in the powerful Wenchuan earthquake on May 12, and condolence books are to be opened in the Foreign Ministry and Chinese embassies and consulates around the world.) 钓鱼岛 Diaoyu Islands 低调处理 downplay 低端产品 low-end product 跌幅 range of a price drop 跌眼镜 have people drop glasses (make unexpected mistakes so as to shock people with wonder and have them drop their glasses) 低焦油香烟 low-tar cigarette 低密度住宅 low-density residential buildings 定编 personnel allocation 定调子 set the tone
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定额计酬 quota remuneration 盯 防 man-mark (Maradona played 4-3-3, which allowed Messi greater freedom and caused confusion for Nigeria because they were unable to track him or man-mark him. 马拉多纳摆出了 4-3-3 阵形, 使梅西在场上拥有了更大的自由, 并且使尼日利亚队手忙脚乱, 因为他们没办法跟上他的脚步,或者对他进行盯防。) 定岗 determine posts 定价机制 pricing mechanism (Reform of the natural gas pricing mechanism has been on the Central Government's agenda for a long time. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) has said that it will implement pricing reform for some natural resource. 天然气定价机制改革在很久以前就已经被提上了中央政 府的日程。 国家发展和改革委员会已宣布将对一部分自然资源实施定 价改革。) 丁克一族 DINKS (Double Income No Kids) 顶梁柱 backbone; main support 定锚婴儿 anchor baby (A Republican congressman says the new Congress will hold a series of hearings on the issue of "anchor babies" as it works to end the controversial practice of awarding automatic citizenship to the children of illegal immigrants. 一位共和党议员表示, (中期选举后)新成立的国会将 举行有关“定锚婴儿”的一系列听证会, 以结束有关非法移民的子女 自动获得公民权这一做法的争议。) 定期存款 time deposit; fixed deposit; fixed account 定向培训 target training; job-oriented training 定向生 targeted-area student 定向增发 additional stock issue tailed for... 定 向 招 生 enroll students who are pre-assigned to specific posts or areas 定心丸 mind relief 钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project 定价机制 pricing mechanism 钉子户 Nail household 丢车保帅 give up a pawn to save a chariot; sacrifice something minor to save something major 底线 bottom line
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底薪 base pay (Base pay is the fixed compensation paid to an employee for performing specific job responsibilities. It is typically paid as a salary, hourly or piece rate.) 低腰露臀裤 hiphuggers 第一产业 primary industry 东道国 host country 动感 dynamic 动感电影,多维电影 multidimensional movie (3D or 4D etc.) 东盟 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 东盟地区论坛 ASEAN Regional Forum 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area 东 南 亚 国 家 联 盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) 动迁户 households to be relocated 董事会 board of directors "东突"恐怖分子 East Turkistan terrorist “东突”恐怖分子 “Eastern Turkistan” terrorist “ 东 突 ” 恐 怖 组 织 “Eastern Turkistan” terrorist organization 东西对话 East-West dialogue 动 车 组 bullet train (Bullet trains, with bullet-shaped locomotives, are designed based on aerodynamic theories, allowing the train to run at a high speed. China launched its first batch of homemade bullet trains on April 18, which can run at 200 kilometers per hour.) 豆腐渣工程 jerry-built project 斗牛士 bullfighter 豆腐脑 jellied bean curd 逗留 sojourn (The 50 Chinese children from quake-hit area had a wonderful summer sojourn in Hungary for seeking solace and mental recovery. 来自地震灾区的 50 名儿童今夏在匈牙利度过了愉 快暑假,心智创伤得到恢复。) 都 市 圈 metropolis circle (The Yangtze River delta area metropolis circle is expected to take over the Tokyo metropolis circle as the world's largest one around 2018, according to a report released in Shanghai Tuesday. 9 月 23 日在上海发表的 《2007 中国都市圈评价报告》显示,到 2018 年左右,长三角都市圈将有望 赶上东京都市圈,成为世界上的第一大都市圈。)
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独家代理 exclusive agency 度假外交 holiday-making diplomacy 独家新闻 scoop 独立董事 independent director 独立关税区 separate customs territory 独立国家联合体 (独联体) the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 独立核算工业企业 independent accounting enterprise 独 立 自 主 自 办 的 原 则 principle of independence and self-governance 杜鲁门主义 Truman Doctrine 毒 骡 drug mule (More Chinese women duped to bedrug mules--Foreign drug traffickers are duping an increasing number of Chinese women, especially young victims, into carrying drugs into China, the General Administration of Customs (GAC) has said. 更多的中国妇女受骗成“毒骡”——海关 总署表示,越来越多的中国妇女,特别是年轻女子,受外国毒贩的诱 骗后将毒品带进中国。) 独苗 the only son or daughter; the only child 独生子女 the only child in one's family 毒枭 drug trafficker 独 资 经 营 single-investor enterprise; sole proprietorship enterprise; sole investment enterprise 断档 severed shelf; sold out 断电 power outage (Unusually cold weather and the resulting soaring energy consumption for heating have caused power outages and shortages of natural gas in parts of central and eastern China. 异常寒冷的天气和随之而来热能消耗的剧增导致华 中和华东部分地区断电和天然气的短缺。) 断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) 断码 short in size 短期放款 money at call and short notice 短期债务 floating debt 端午节 the Dragon Boat Festival 短线产品 products in short supply; goods in short supply 短信 short messages; text messages 短信博士 texting PhD (A postgraduate in the UK has been awarded what is thought to be the country's first texting PhD . Dr
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Caroline Tagg, 33, spent three-and-a-half years tapping out an 80000-word thesis about SMS texts and its language at Birmingham University. 英国一名女研究生因研究手机短信日前被 授予博士学位,她被认为是该国第一位"短信博士"。此人名叫卡洛琳 ?塔格,今年 33 岁,她花了 3 年半时间在伯明翰大学做短信研究,并 写出了 8 万字的论文。) 断章取义 quote one's words out of context 短期工作实习 internship 短租房 short-term housing, short-term apartment (Despite the quickly-approaching Olympic Games, the cost for short-term housing near the Bird's Nest during the Games has plummeted as much as 50%, with room for negotiation, according to statistics. An oversupply of short-term apartments and the red-hot hotel reservation service are the major reasons for the sharp decrease, a real estate agent said. 数据显示,随着奥运会的临 近,"鸟巢"附近的奥运短租房月租价格不但没有上升,反而大幅度下 降,跌幅普遍达到 50%,且价格还可以再商量。房产中介称,目前这 种短租房的租金价格大幅下跌是因为供大于求, 而酒店预订则相对火 热。) 对冲基金 hedge fund 对等开放 reciprocal opening 对方付费电话 collect call 对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ... 对话和合作 dialogue and co-operation 对奖活动 raffle 对讲机 talkie and walkie 对抗性矛盾 antagonistic contradiction 对口味 suit one's taste 对口支援 partner assistance (The new partner assistance model in Xinjiang has been copied from the Wenchuan earthquake recovery model. Xinjiang will receive more than 10 billion yuan in economic aid next year from its 19 partners. 即将实施的对 新疆的对口支援模式借鉴了汶川灾后重建的模式。新疆明年将收到 19 个援建省市提供的超过 100 亿元经济援助。) 对内搞活,对外开放 revitalize domestic economy, open up to the outside world 对牛弹琴 play the harp( (lute) to a cow; cast pearls before a swine
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对外经济技术交流 economic and technological exchanges with the outside world 对外招商 attract foreign investment 兑现承诺 make good on the promise 队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband 对种粮农民实行直接补贴 directly subsidize grain producers 对中西部地区适当倾斜 appropriately directed to the central and western areas of the country 对抗或强制 confrontation or coercion 对人民币重新估值 revaluation of the Renminbi 独立董事制度 the independent director system 独立学院(大学中的) independent college 蹲 点 (of cadres) stay at a selected grass-roots spot (for investigation and study) 蹲点跑面 gain experience in selected spots and then spread it over the whole area 敦煌石窟 Dunhuang Grottoes 多边贸易谈判 multilateral trade negotiation 多边贸易谈判 multilateral trade talks 多边贸易体制 the multilateral trading system 多边政策 multilateralism 夺标 win the championship 多层次资本市场体系 the multi-layer capital market system 多重国籍 plural nationality; multiple nationality 多党合作制 multi-party cooperation in exercising state power 多党合作和政治协商制度 the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation 多碟 DVD multidisc DVD player 多功能汽车 multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) 多功能性(农业) multifunctionality 夺冠 take the crown 多(跨)国公司 multinational companies 多国维持和平部队 multinational peach-keeping force 多极化 multi-polarization 多极时代 multi-polar times 多极世界 multi-polar world 多极性 multi-polarized 多劳多得 more pay for more work
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躲猫猫 hide-and-seek game (An inquiry team including 5 people representative of China's netizens arrived at the Jinning Public Security Bureau, Yunnan, Friday morning for an investigation into Li Qiaoming's dying "hide-and-seek" game in prison. 周五上午,5 位网民代表组成的一个调查组赴云南晋宁公安 局,调查李乔明所谓狱中"躲猫猫"致死真相。) 多媒体 multimedia 多媒体短信服务 MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) 多年积累的深层次问题 long-standing and deep-seated problems 多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) 多头市场 bull market 多头账户 long account 多头执法 duplicate law enforcement 多退少补 refund for any overpayment or a supplemental payment for any deficiency 多元化 pluralism 多元社会 pluralistic society 多元文化社会 multi-cultural society 多种经济成分 diverse sectors of the economy 多种经营 diversified economy 多边贸易 multilateral trade 多予少取放活政策 the policy of giving more, taking less and loosening control 多种所有制经济共同发展 allow diverse forms of ownership to develop side by side 杜莎夫人蜡像馆 Madame Tussauds 渎职 dereliction of duty E 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation 恶性循环 vicious circle 恶意营销 smear campaign (A highly publicized incident about milk products that caused baby girls to develop breasts may have been a smear campaign by a competitor. 之前被广泛报道的奶粉 致女婴乳房过早发育事件也许是来自竞争对手的恶意营销手段。) 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears 恶作剧 mischief; leg-pull 伤痕文学 scar literature; the literature of the wounded
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恶搞 spoof 恩格尔系数 Engel's coefficient--the proportion of expense on food to the consumption expense 二把手 second in command 二百五 a stupid person 二板市场 growth enterprise board; second board market; hi-tech board 二传手 second transmitter 二次创业 start a new undertaking 二次加工能力 the capacity to reprocess 二次能源 secondary energy sources; second energy 二次污染 secondary pollution 二道贩子 two-way merchants 二房东 "middlemen" landlord (Agents purposefully driving up rents while acting as"middlemen" landlords or encouraging landlords to increase the prices are the main reasons for the increases, the Guangzhou-based 21st Century Business Herald reported on Tuesday. 广州的《21 世纪经济报道》周二报道说,中 介充当“二房东”蓄意抬高房租或鼓励房东提价是此次房租暴涨的 主要原因。) 二级市场 secondary market 二进宫 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)" 2008 夏季奥运会 2008 summer Olympics 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" (把?当成)耳旁风 Like water off (on) a duck's back 二手房 second-hand house 儿童不宜片 X-rated movie; R-rated film (violence and adult content) 儿童心理学 kidology 二元经济 dual economy 二恶英 dioxin (Irish officials confirmed Tuesday that cattle at 3 farms which ate tainted food have tested positive for dioxin - the cancer-causing chemical that has contaminated its pork industry. 爱尔兰政府官员周二表示,该国 3 家养牛场的牛体 内同样含有致癌化学物质二恶英,原因是牛食用了受污染的饲料。) 二手烟 secondhand smoke
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F 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) 发标 bid; tender 发飙 have a cow (My boss had a cow at the meeting this morning. 我老板今天早上开会的时候发飙了。) 法定货币 (由法律规定的可以用于支付债款而且贷方必须接受的有效 货币) legal tender 发动机排量 engine capacity (Taxes on vehicles with an engine capacity smaller than 1.6 liters - which account for 58 percent of Chinese cars - will be either reduced slightly or unchanged. 对占现有乘用车总量 58%左右、发动机排量在 1.6 升及以下的车辆, 征税幅度将小幅降低或保持不变。) 法律面前人人平等 All are equal before the law; All people are equal before the law 法律硕士 Master of Law 发明奖 invention award 法人 legal person 法人代表 legal representative 法人股 corporate shares 发散思维 divergent thinking 发烧门诊 fever clinic 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan 法塔赫 Fatah 发屋 hairdressing salon 发行价格 issue price 发行建设国债 issue construction treasury bonds 发源地 womb 发展不平衡 disparate development 发 展 是 硬 道 理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need. 法制观念和公民意识 legal awareness and understanding of the obligations of the citizens 法治国家 a country under the rule of law 法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system 法制化管理 law-based control 发挥自身优势 give full play to one’s advantages 发卡行 issuing bank 法轮功分子 Falun Gong practitioner
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法律漏洞 legal loophole 反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" 翻版 reprint; reproduction; mirror image 反补贴税,反倾销税 countervailing duty 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means 反弹道导弹条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) 反弹道导弹体系 anti-ballistic missile system 贩毒集团 drug cartel 反对党 opposition party 反腐倡廉 fight corruption and build a clean government 翻盖式移动电话 flip phone 返回式卫星 return satellite 翻建 renovate; rebuild on an old foundation 反垃圾邮件业 anti-spam industry 翻老帐 bring up old scores again 翻两番 quadruple 翻拍 re-shoot ( In China, "the four masterpieces of literature" are deeply rooted in the hearts of Chinese people. At the end of last century, these works were filmed as TV series and welcomed by audiences. Now TV producers are set to re-shoot the plays. 在中国,“四大文学名著”深深植根于人们的心中。上世纪 末,这些作品已被拍成电视剧,受到观众喜爱。而如今,电视制作者 又致力于对名著进行翻拍。) 翻牌公司 government-body-turned company 反聘 rehire after retirement 反倾销措施 anti-dumping measures 反倾销调查 anti-dumping investigations 汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires 繁体字 complex characters 反分裂国家法 anti-secession law 防暴枪 baton gun 防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) 方便食品 instant food; convenience food 防病毒软件 anti-virus software 房产估价师 real estate evaluator 房产证 property ownership certificate
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房产置换 buy or exchange houses 房虫儿 real estate speculator 防弹背心 bulletproof vest 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door 房改 housing system reform 放高球 lob 房管 real estate management 防洪工程 flood-prevention project; flood control project 防护林 shelter forest belt; shelter forest 防护林带 shelter belts 防滑刹车系统 anti-skid brake system (ABS) 防 火 隔 离 带 firebreak (Extensive firebreaks have been made along North China's woody borderlines with Russia and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) to prevent wildfires from spreading across borders, said the Chinese fire departments Wednesday. 消防部门本周三表示,为抵御外火烧过边 界, 我国已分别在北部的中俄和中朝边境线开设了大面积的森林防火 隔离带。) 防火墙 firewall 防空部队 air defense force 放款 extend loan 放疗 radiation treatment 仿冒 counterfeit 房奴 mortgage slave (Such high housing prices have rendered me a mortgage slave.这么高的房价已将我沦为房奴。) 防窃听电话 eavesdropping proof telephone 房权证 property right certificate 仿人机器人 humanoid robot (The robot family presented by Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) includes humanoid robot HRP-2, interface robot ApriPoco, cleaning robot, porter robot, and two mobility-assisting robot suits. 日本新能源产业技术综合开发机构展出的机器人大家庭包括 仿人机器人 HRP-2、人机界面机器人 ApriPoco、清洁机器人、机器人 搬运工以及两个协助行动的机器人套装。) 防沙治沙 prevent and control the spreading desert 放射性污染 radioactive contamination 防身术 personal defense skill 防守反击(足球用语) counterattack
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防 暑 降 温 补 贴 high temperature subsidy (Beijing government doubled thehigh temperature subsidy. 北京市政府将防暑降温补 贴的数额增加了一倍。) 访谈 interview and discuss 访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选) talk-show campaign 防伪标志 anti-fake label 防卫作战能力 defense capabilities and combat effectiveness 防伪标志 fake-proof mark; counter-forgery mark 访问学者 visiting scholar 房屋中介 letting agent (Jin Yusong, the vice-general manager of letting agent Beijing Lianjia, said "We have thousands of clients and it is impossible to check what time they go home at night or what they do inside the house." 北京链家房屋中介 公司的副总经理说,"链家拥有数以千计的客户,他们不可能挨个查 每个人什么时候回家,或是在家里做什么。") 放下架子 get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs 放心店 trustworthy shop 放心肉 quality-assured meat 放行单 release permit 防汛抗旱 flood control and drought relief 放眼全球 expand one's horizons to include the whole world 仿真机 replicating machine 仿 真 枪 imitation gun (Beijing police Wednesday seized 316 imitation guns, most of which had been sold via the Internet, Xinhua reported. 据新华社报道,北京警方本周三(16 日)缴获了 316 支仿真枪,其中大部分是通过网络售出的。) 翻盖手机 flip phone / clamshell phone 房地产商 real estate developer (London has planned £1b for the athletes' village for the 2012 Olympic Games, part of which will be provided by an Australian real estate developer. However, the current financial crisis has caused a shortfall in funding. The British government has to provide £95m to avoid disruption to the construction of the village. 2012 年 伦敦奥运村计划投资 10 亿英镑,其中部分将由一家澳大利亚房地产 商承担。然而受金融危机影响,这笔资金迟迟无法到位,英国政府只 得紧急伸出援手,拿出 9500 万英镑,确保有足够经费建设奥运村。) 房地产市场 real estate market
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防 范 和 化 解 金 融 风 险 take precautions against and reduce financial risks 放鸽子 stand up 防 砍 服 anti-stab shirt, slash-resistant shirt (Because of several crimes through stabbings in Japan lately, a Japanese company has developed a shirt that protects its wearer against stabbing which sells much better than usual days. The slash-resistant shirt costs about RMB 4000-6000, which varies from different sizes. 由于日本国内近期接二连三地发生砍人事 件,该国一家护身用具公司生产的"防砍服"销量暴增。衣服的价格依 尺寸大小,一套约合 4000 至 6000 元不等。) 房屋空置率 housing vacancy rate 返回舱 re-entry module 返回式科学与技术试验卫星 recoverable experimental science satellite 反恐军事演习 anti-terrorism military exercise 反倾销诉讼 anti-dumping charge 反弹 rebound (Wall Street rebounded Tuesday from the worst tumble since October. The Dow Jones rose 270.00, or 3.31%, to 8419.09. 遭遇 10 月以来最大跌幅后, 纽约股市 12 月 2 日强劲反弹。 道琼斯指数涨 270 点,收于 8419.09 点,涨幅为 3.31%。) 发扬成绩 build on our achievements 发展和管理网络文化 to develop and manage Internet culture 发展模式 mode of growth 法制环境 legal environment 肥差 plum job (All students are eager to land a plum job after graduation. 学生们都渴望毕业后能谋得一份肥差。) 非常规能源 non-conventional energy 非常设机构 ad hoc organizations 废 除 领 导 干 部 终 身 制 abolish de facto life-long tenure of leading cadres 非党人士 non-Party personage 非典病例 SARS case 废电池 used batteries 非典定点医院 SARS-designated hospital 非 典 型 性 肺 炎 ( 严 重 急 性 呼 吸 道 综 合 症 ) atypical pneumonia; severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) 非典疫区 SARS-affected area
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非 对 称 数 字 用 户 环 路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) 非法闯入 trespassing (It is unclear why the woman entered the bear habitat, but police issued her a citation for trespassing. 当地警方以"非法闯入"罪对该女子提出指控, 她跳池的原因正在调查 之中。) 非法拘留 unwarranted custody; unlawful detention 非法贸易 illicit trading 费改税 tax-for-fee 费改税改革 tax-for-fees reform 非公有制经济 the non-public sectors of the economy 非关税贸易壁垒 non-tariff trade barriers 非国有工业企业 non-state industrial enterprises 非婚生子女 love child; illegitimate child; child born out of wedlock 非军事区 demilitarized zone (DMZ) 非劳动收入 income not from work; passive income 非流通股份 non-tradable stocks 飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile 非 贸 易 收 汇 foreign exchange earnings through non-trade channels 非配额产品 quota-free products 非商标(非专利)产品 generic products 飞天奖 Flying Goddess Award—a kind of award for excellent Chinese TV programs 废物的循环使用 recycling of waste 飞行药检 spot check 非银行金融机构 non-bank financial institutions 非银行金融机构 non-bank financial institutions 非再生资源 non-renewable resources 非 洲 、 加 勒 比 和 太 平 洋 国 家 集 团 ( 洛 美 协 定 ) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) 非主流 alternative 非自住业主 non-owner-occupier (The government's efforts to tighten credit and mortgage requirements for non-owner-occupiers have not bitten deeply so far. This year's spring real estate fair at the Beijing World Trade Center sold property worth 2.9 billion yuan, according to reports. 目前
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政府在收紧信贷和对非自住业主房贷的政策方面还不是太严格。 据报 道,今年在国贸举办的北京春季房展成交的房产共价值 29 亿元。) 诽谤 smear (Former French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin has been ordered to appear in court Wednesday in connection with an alleged smear campaign that targeted President Nicolas Sarkozy. 因涉嫌诽谤总统萨科齐, 法国前总理德维尔潘 19 日被传唤 参加法庭审讯。) (经济中的)非公有制成分 non-public sector of the economy 废旧资源回收利用 recovery and recycling of used resources 封口费 hush money (60 people have been punished for collecting hush money from a Shanxi coal mine after a fatal accident, 28 of whom were fake journalists, according to the General Administration of Press and Publication. Four journalists involved were expelled from the profession and 14 executives removed from their posts or dismissed. The vast majority of the RMB319300 hush money has been paid back. 近日,新闻出版总署 对山西某煤矿"封口费"事件中的 60 名涉案人员给予处罚通报,假记 者约占一半。其中,有 4 名记者被清除出记者队伍,还有 14 名媒体 责任人被免职、解聘。涉案金额 31.93 万元,绝大部分已追回。) 非流通股 non-tradable share 废票 invalid ticket 废物综合利用 comprehensive utilization of waste materials 废止妨碍市场公平竞争和排斥外地产品和服务的各种规定 eliminate all such regulations obstructing fair market competition and external goods and services 非职务发明 non-service invention 分包商 subcontractor 分餐制 individual serving (portion) 分拆上市 a subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. 分红 distribute dividends; receive dividends 份礼 apportioned gift 分裂主义 splittism; separatism 粉领 Pink-collar (源于美国,最先见于《时代周刊》 ,一般指从事 于教育、文书、售货等行业的女性。在中国,也有人用粉领代表全职 的优越家庭环境内的家庭主妇。) 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models,
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airline hostesses, etc)" 分流 reposition of redundant personnel 分期付款 installment payment 分歧和矛盾 differences and contradictions 分散主义 decentralism 分数线 grade cut-off point; minimum passing score; borderline 分税制 tax distribution system 分 摊 买 单 go Dutch (The Dutch are notorious for their thriftiness, maybe that’s why we say “go Dutch” when we split the bill 荷兰人非常节俭,这可能解释了“go Dutch”分摊买单这 个短语的由来。) (产品)分销 "subunderwriting, distribution" 分销 subunderwriting; distribution 分业经营 divided operation; divided management 分 组 讨 论 panel discussion (State leaders joined panel discussions with the country's political advisors yesterday, calling for concerted efforts to pull through the global financial crisis, which is unfolding its impact on the country's economy. 昨天,国家领导人与政协委员一同参加了政协 会议的分组讨论, 并呼吁大家齐心协力应对已经给中国经济造成影响 的全球经济危机。) 分段票制 sectional fare 封 闭 式 管 理 closed-off management (Closed-off management, which has been implemented in some Beijing villages where migrant residents outnumber permanent residents, will be further promoted across the capital after the move received approval from both the country's top police official and the city's Party chief. 近日在北京一些流动人口数量超过常住人口数 量的“倒挂村”实施的封闭式管理得到了公安部领到和北京市党委 书记的认可,此举将会在首都进一步推广实施。) 封闭式基金 close-ended fund 封顶 seal the top; sealing-top 丰富民主形式 Develop diverse forms of democracy 奉公守法 abide by the law and social discipline 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash 疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) 封杀出局 force out 封圣 canonization of Saints
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丰收工程 Good Harvest Program 封锁禁运 blockade and embargo 封锁消息 block the passage of information; news embargo; news blackout 风险防范机制 a risk prevention mechanism 风险基金 VC funds 风险投资 venture capital; risk investment 风险意识 risk awareness 风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk 凤凰男 ugly duckling (This tag refers to a man who was born in a poor family, but who worked hard and finally found a good job in a big city. He used to be an ugly duckling, but through his hard work he becomes a swan. But in English, "ugly duckling" usually refers to the least handsome/beautiful child in a family.) (来源:21 世纪英文报第 753 期 中山大学陈萌整理) 风险控制机制 the mechanisms for risk management 风险投资机制 the mechanism for venture capital investments 丰胸手术 breast augmentation surgery 佛经 Buddhist scriptures 扶持政策 supportive policy 复出 return,come back. (So far no plans to return after the four year leave have been made.日后是否复出,目前暂无计划。) 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages 浮动价格 floating price 复读机 repeater 复读生 return students--students reattending classes after failing the college entrance examination 富二代 affluent 2nd generation (The rapidly expanding affluent 2nd generation is seeking to define their identity and quality of life via luxuries.越来越多的"富二代"开始加入奢侈品消费者 行列,以显其社会地位和生活品质。) 覆盖率 coverage rate 复关 rejoin the GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade) 富贵病 rich man's disease (which calls for a long period of rest and expensive diet) 富豪榜 rich list (Hoogewerf, meanwhile, admitted that China's super rich may be even more plentiful than his list suggests. The rich list reflects the changes in China's economy and also
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people's attitude and knowledge about wealth. 胡润同时承认, 中国富豪的实际人数可能比富豪榜所列的还要多。 这份富豪榜反映出 了中国经济、以及人们对财富的态度和认识的变化。) 复合型人才 interdisciplinary talent 附加税 extra duties; surtax; supertax; tax surcharge 附加意外险 supplemental accident insurance 附加值 added value 附加值高、 创汇高、 技术含量高、 能源和原材料消耗低的产品 product that yields high added value, earns foreign exchange and is produced with advanced technology and an efficient use of energy and materials 副检察长 deputy chief procurator 福利彩票 welfare lottery 福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system 福利院 welfare house; charity house 富民政策 policy to enrich people 父 母 之 命 , 媒 妁 之 言 dictates of parents and words of matchmakers 妇女联合会 women's federation 扶贫 poverty alleviation 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office 扶贫攻坚计划 poverty-relief program 扶贫基金 relief subsidies 父 亲 产 假 paternity leave (The Spanish parliament recently passed a new law extending paternity leave from the present 15 days to 4 weeks starting from 2011. 西班牙议会通过了延长父亲 产假的提案, 西班牙男子自 2011 年起将可享受为期 4 周的"父亲产假 "。) 辐射防护 radiation protection 《浮士德》 Faust 复式计帐 duplex apartment; compound apartment 复 式 住 宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) 附属中学 attached middle school 浮屠 stupa; pagoda 服务行业 catering industry 服务器 server
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服务特色;卖点 selling point 服 务 外 包 service outsourcing (Nanjing's booming service outsourcing industry would provide about 10,000 jobs to college graduates this year, Wang Shouwen, the city's vice mayor, said at a press conference of the third China International Service Outsourcing Cooperation Conference (CISOCC) on Thursday morning. 南京市副市长王受文上周四在第三届中国国际服务外包合 作大会的新闻发布会上表示, 正在蓬勃发展的南京服务外包行业今年 将为大学毕业生提供约 1 万个工作岗位。) 妇幼保健院 maternal and child care service centre 负隅顽抗 put up a last-ditch resistance 复员 be discharged from active military service 附赠曲目 bonus track (Nineteen months after Heath Ledger's sudden passing, his directorial debut of Modest Mouse's music video for "King Rat" has been released online at WeAreTheMasses.com. The song is a bonus track from their 2007 album, "We Were Dead Before the Ship Even Sank." 在希斯?莱杰 突然辞世十九个月后,他的导演处女作——为谦逊耗子乐团的单曲 《鼠王》执导的音乐录影带在 WeAreTheMasses.com 网站在线发布。 这首歌是该乐团 2007 年推出的唱片 《出师未捷身先死》 的附赠曲目。 ) 负增长 negative growth 负债经营 managing an enterprise with a loan 辅助生殖 assisted reproduction (The city's biggest assisted reproduction center has closed its doors to new patients to prevent hopeless waiting by prospective parents. 城内最大的 辅助生殖中心已经停止接收新患者, 以防止让那些想做父母的人无望 地等待。) 辅 助 自 杀 assisted suicide (Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland provided the helper doesn't personally benefit from a patient's death. 辅助自杀在瑞士是合法的,前提是辅助者 不从病人的死亡中获取私利。) 父子党 father-son party 腐败官员 corrupt officials 复出 comeback (Retired film actress Brigitte Lin said Saturday in New York that she would consider a comeback if invited by Hong Kong director Wong Kar-wai. 息影多年的香港女明星林青霞 4 日在纽约表示,若王家卫出马邀请她复出,她可以考虑。) 浮动汇率 floating exchange rate
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复课 to resume classes (More than 500 students from Beichun Middle School, whose 1300 schoolmates and teachers were killed or missing in the earthquake, resumed classes Monday. 周一, 北川中学 500 多名学生复课。在汶川地震中,该校有 1300 名师生遇 难或失踪。) 夫妻相 husband-wife looks 福娃 Fuwa 服务型政府 service-oriented government G 改革开放 reform and opening-up; reform and opening to the outside world 改革开放的总设计师 chief architect of the reform and opening up policy 改革开放和社会主义现代化建设 reform and opening and in the modernization drive 改 革 试 点 pilot reform; reform experimentation; pilot restructuring enterprise 盖洛普民意调查 Gallup Poll 盖帽了 great; excellent; wonderful 改名潮 name-change boom. (Taiwan has seen a name-change boom amid the current economic crunch, local media reported Monday. 据台湾媒体 23 日报道,经济不景气,当地人最近兴起"改名潮"以求 转运。) 概念车 concept car 概念商品 concept goods 改善农民进城就业环境 improve the employment environment for rural workers in cities 改 善 农 牧 民 生 产生 活 条 件 improve the living and production conditions of farmers and herdsmen 改善缺医少药的状况 alleviate the shortage of medical services and medicines 改制上市 (of an enterprise)get listed on the stock market after being re-organized according the modern corporate system 改革开放和现代化建设的全过程 the entire process of reform, opening-up and modernization 干部队伍革命化、 年轻化、 知识化、 专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent
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干部下放 arrange for cadres to go to work at grassroots units or participate in physical labor 感到不妙 I smell a rat. 尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass 甘居下游 be resigned to backwardness 感情投资 investment in human relationships 赶时髦 follow the fashion; want to be in the swim of things 干细胞 stem cell 感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest) 干 预 intervene (China will impose severe penalties on officials who intervene in government statistical work and manipulate or fake data, said a draft law revision submitted to the top legislature Monday. 全国人大常委会 22 日审议统计法 修订草案,草案规定领导干部如干预统计工作,自行修改统计资料或 要求统计机构、人员伪造统计资料等,将受严厉惩罚。) 赶超先进 surpass the advanced 港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong 岗位津贴 post allowance 岗位培训 on-the-job training 岗位责任制 work post responsibility 港务局 port office; harbor authority 高保真音乐 hi-fi music 高材生 top student 高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue 高产优质 high yield and high quality 告吹 fizzle out; fall through; fail 高等教育“211 工程” the “211” Project for higher education 高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination 高度自治 high degree of autonomy 高端产品 high-end product 高发季节 high-occurrence season (Li noted that autumns and winters werehigh-occurrence seasons for the flu, and urged the authorities to improve disease prevention and treatment in order to stop the disease from fast spreading across the country. 李指出,秋冬季是流感的高发季节,他敦促权威部门改进疾病防御和 治疗能力,阻止疾病在全国迅速传播。)
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高发期 high-incidence season 高分低能 high scores and low abilities 高峰 peak time 高峰论坛 summit forum 高干 high-ranking official; senior cadre 高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) 高跟鞋赛跑 High heel running (Julia Plecher, an 18-year-old girl from Berlin, outsprinted 99 rivals to won the city’s 100m high heel running. 18 岁来自的朱莉娅?普莱榭淘汰了 99 名选手赢 得了该城市的高跟鞋赛跑冠军。) 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) 搞花架子 do something superficial 搞 活 国 营 大 中 型 企 业 invigorate large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises 告急 be in an emergency; report an emergency; ask for emergency help 高级检察官 senior public procurator 高 级 经 理 人 员 high-level managerial personnel; senior personnel 高 级 商 务 师 certified business executive; senior business engineer; high-level economist; senior commercialist 高级设备 sophisticated equipment 高技术产业化 apply high technology to production 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road 高架轻轨 elevated railway 高精尖技术 high-grade, high-precision, advanced technology 高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想 hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important thoughts of "Three Represents" 高考 college (or university) entrance examination 高考状元 top scorer (The University of Hong Kong (HKU) Thursday decided not to accept He Chuanyang, Chongqing's top liberal arts scorer who illegally changed his ethnic background for extra points in the national college entrance exam, after Peking University rejected him earlier.继北大放弃录取重庆民 族身份造假高考文科状元何川洋后, 香港大学 2 日也正式决定不予录 取。) 高科技板块 high-tech sector
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高龄津贴 old age allowance (Residents older than 80 will get a unified old age allowance across China, a move indicating the government aims to end different allowance policies toward the elderly in different regions, the China Economic Weekly reported Tuesday. 《中国经济周刊》周二报道说,全国 80 岁以上 的居民将享受统一的高龄津贴。 政府此举旨在结束各地区高龄津贴政 策不一致的状况。) 高难度动作 stunner, stunt 高清晰度 high definition 高清晰度电视 high definition TV 高手 master hand, expert (精通电脑和网络的)高手 geek 高危人群 high-risk group 高温死亡 heat death (The prolonged extreme weather has baked many regions in the country since July, with the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, Shandong and Shaanxi provinces and Chongqing municipality reporting the highest number of weather-related deaths. 自七月份以来我国的许多地区都出现了 持续的极端炎热天气,内蒙古自治区、山东省、陕西省和重庆市成为 高温死亡报告最多的地区。) 高消费 high consumption 高效节能 energy-efficient 高校扩招后首批毕业生 college graduates who were the first to be enrolled under the college expansion of 1999 高校扩招计划 college expansion plan 告小状 secretly report on somebody; rat on somebody 高新技术产业开发区 high-tech industrial development zone 高 新 技 术 产 业 化 industrial application of new and high technologies 高压手段 high-pressure tactics 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness 高知 high-level intellectual 高指标 high target 高职院校 higher vocational school (China's higher vocational schools enroll more than 3 million students annually-- China currently has about 1,184 schools of higher vocational education, which enroll more than 3.1 million students annually, Vice Minister of Education Lu Xin said. 中国高职院校每年招收
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300 多万学生——教育部副部长鲁昕说,中国目前有约 1184 所高职 教育机构,每年招收学生 310 多万。) 高档公寓 high-end flat (A group of 53 rich people from Yuncheng, Shanxi, arrived in Beijing Saturday on a charter flight to buy houses, the first of its kind in China. The group, consisting of private company bosses, coal mine owners and professors, target villas and high-end flats priced at RMB3m-10m and have ordered 3 villas after they visited the first site. 周六,由 53 名私企老板、煤矿主和大学教授等组成的山西运城购房团包机抵 京,将集中选购 300 万-1000 万元的别墅和高档公寓。据了解,包专 机进京团购房屋在全国尚属首次。购房团在看完第一个楼盘后,就预 订了 3 套别墅。) 高净值 high net worth (In Britain, the number of women of "high net worth" status (classified as those with onshore liquid assets of more than £200,000) overtook men in 2005 - with 448,100 rich women compared to 429,300 men.) 高 考 移 民 NCEE migrant (The term 'NCEE migrant' refers to students who covertly leave their hometowns and immigrate to other places a few days before the NCEE in order to get bonus points or be in a less competitive environment. When found out, they are penalized for undermining the fairness of the NCEE. "高考移民"是指基于获取加分和规避竞争等目的, 高考前从就学地点 迁往其它地点报名参加考试的学生,这些人因破坏高考的公平性,成 绩往往不被认可。) 高清晰度的卫星图片 high-resolution satellite photo 高素质新型军事人才 high- caliber military personnel 高温湿热 hot and humid (Beijing's hot and humid weather should not be an excuse for any athletes on competition results, representative from German delegation said Tuesday. 德国代表 团的相关人士 5 日表示, 北京的高温湿热天气不应成为运动员奥运成 绩的借口。) 高温预警 high temperature alert (The orange high temperature alert was issued Monday in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi and Shanghai, predicting scorching temperatures above 35℃ from Monday to Wednesday. 浙江、江苏、安徽、江西和上海周一发 布了橙色高温预警,预计周一到周三将出现 35℃以上高温。) 高压线 high-voltage wire (A 15 year-old teenager in Chongqing was electrocuted when he tried to steal some high-voltage wire
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with a kitchen knife. 近日,重庆一名 15 岁的少年拿着菜刀去偷 高压线时,被当场电死。) 高致病性禽流感 highly pathogenic bird flu 个案 individual case (involving special circumstances) 各大菜系 major styles of cooking 个股 individual share 各行各业 every walk of life 隔行扫描 interlacing scan 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability 各就各位 On your marks! 隔离病房 isolation ward (公路)隔离带 median strip 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels 革命老区 old revolutionary base areas 革命气派 revolutionary mettle 革命伤残军人 disabled revolutionary servicemen 鸽派 dove faction 个人成就感 sense of personal achievement 个人崇拜 a personality cult 个人储蓄账户 personal savings account (按照新的银行账户规定, 结算功能应从个人储蓄账户中分离出去。According to a new bank account regulation, clearing functions shall be separated from personal savings accounts.) 个人购房贷款 individual housing loan 个人结算账户 personal clearing account (开立个人结算账户不会 增加储户的费用。Opening personal clearing accounts will not mean extra costs for depositors.) 个人理财计划 personal financing plan 各人民团体 mass organizations 个 人 收 入 应 税 申 报 制 度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment 个人收入调节税 individual (personal) income regulation tax 个人数字助理 PDA (personal digital assistant) 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人信用制度 individual credit rating system 个人演唱会 solo concert 个人银行卡账户 personal bank card account (个人银行卡账户将
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被纳入结算账户管理。Personal bank card accounts will start to be treated as clearing accounts.) 个人质押贷款 personal pledged loan 各人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes 个体户,个体经营 privately or individually-owned business 个体经济 private economy 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 跟屁虫 1.one's shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer, boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser 跟团旅游 package tour (I'm going to join a package tour to Spain. 我要跟团去西班牙旅游。) 跟着感觉走 go with the flow; follow one's heart; do what one thinks is right 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 根除腐败 root out corruption; eliminate corruption 耕地流失 arable land loss (Analysts believed several major factors contributed to the arable land loss, such as increasing use of arable land for construction purposes, forest or grassland replanting programs as well as damage caused by natural disasters. 分析人士认为导致耕地流失有几个主要因素, 一个是建筑占用耕地现象越来越多,一个是森林或草地返耕项目影 响,还有自然灾害带来的损毁。) 更加注重搞好宏观调控,更加注重统筹兼顾,更加注重以人为本 pay more attention to exercising macro-control, balancing the interests of all parties, putting people first. 更快、更高、更强(奥运精神) Citius, Altius, Fortius ( Faster, Higher, Stronger--Olympic Spirit ) 《更紧密经贸关系的安排》 CEPA; Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement 跟 腱 Achilles' tendon (Liu Xiang's injury to his right Achilles' tendon will not affect his career, Feng Shuyong, head coach of the Chinese national track and field team, said Saturday. 中国田径队总教练冯树勇 23 日说,刘翔右跟腱的伤不会 影响到他的运动生涯。) 个人护理用品 personal care supplies 个人信用制度 individual credit rating system 个人隐私 individual privacy 个 位 数 single digit (The growth rate of major textile
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enterprises' output slowed sharply, to single-digit levels in some cases, in the first 7 months of 2008, the China National Textile and Apparel Council said Monday. 中国纺织工业协会 25 日表示,今年前 7 个月,主要纺织企业的产量增长率大幅减缓,有些 已降至个位数。) 各 种 所 有 制 金 融 企 业 financial enterprises of different ownership 工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting 共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party 工程公司 engineering company 工程验收 acceptance check of work 公房商品化 commercialization of public housing 公费旅游 junket; facility trip 公费医疗 free medical service; free medicare; public health service 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. 工夫茶 congou--a kind of Chinese black tea prepared with care 功夫片 kungfu film 公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) 公 共 外 交 public diplomacy (China needs a bigger public diplomacy campaign to better present the country to the world, said Zhao Qizheng, spokesman for the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), on Monday. 全国政协发言人赵 启正本周一表示,中国需要大力开展公共外交活动,把中国更好地介 绍给世界。) 公共卫生设施 public health infrastructure 公关 public relations 攻关 tackle a critical point 攻关计划 the Program for Tackling Key Problems 公积金 public accumulation fund; public reserve funds 公积金上限 threshold of housing fund (According to the Beijing Housing Accumulation Fund Administration Center, the threshold of housing public accumulation funds in 2010 was raised from 2,682 yuan to 2,906 yuan a month. 根据北京住房公积金管理中心 发布的通知, 2010 年住房公积金月缴存额上限从 2682 元调整为 2906 元。) 工间操 daily workout (Millions of municipal workers in the
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capital are being asked to take part in 20 minutes of daily workout in a bid to keep them fit, according to a news release of the Beijing Federation of Trade Union (BFTU) reported by the Beijing Times. 据《京华时报》报道,北京市总工会日前发布通知, 要求数百万名机关、企事业单位员工每天做 20 分钟的工间操以保证 身体健康。) 公检法机关 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts 公交纠纷调解车 dispute mediation bus (A dispute mediation bus, the first of its kind not only in Beijing but the whole of China, fired up its engine for the first time on Tuesday and hit the road to solve problems that flare up on public buses. 我国首 辆公交纠纷调解车本周二首次亮相街头,驶上道路,解决公交车上的 纠纷。) 公交老人专车 Senior-only bus ( A senior-only bus catering exclusively to passengers over 70 started to run in Shanghai Wednesday with a promise to make travel safer and more comfortable for seniors.上海市开通"公交老人专车",专供 70 岁 以上老人乘坐,以提高老年人乘车的安全性和舒适度。) 公开喊价市场 open outcry market 公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds 工龄工资 seniority pay 公民投票 referendum; plebiscite 功能界别 Functional Constituencies (Five of the additional 10 seats for the LegCo in 2012 will be returned by Geographical Constituencies (GCs) and the other five by Functional Constituencies (FCs). According to the government's proposal, the number of GCs will be retained at five in returning the 35 GC Members. The five new FC seats will form a new District Council (DC) FC. 根据港府的建议,2012 年立法会 10 个新增议席 当中,5 席将由地方选区选举产生,另外 5 席由功能界别选举产生。 而 35 个地方选区议席将继续由 5 个地方选区选出;5 个新的功能界 别议席将会成为新增的区议会功能界别。) 公平定价 arm's-length pricing 公平合理 fairness and justifiableness 工伤 work-related injuries (According to the revision, the compensation to families of those who die from work-related injuries has been raised to 20 times the per capita disposable
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annual income in urban areas. 根据最新修改草案,对工伤死者家 属的赔偿金都大幅度提高, 调整为上一年度全国城镇居民人均可支配 收入的 20 倍。) 工商局 industrial and commercial bureau 工商联营 combined management of industry and commerce 工时 man-hour 公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company 公私合营 public-private joint management 公司债券 corporate bond 共同安全 common security 共同财产 mutual property (A controversial section of the draft suggests that once a marriage ends in divorce the pre-marital property is to be recognized as the buyer's personal assets, instead of a couple's common wealth. 征求意见稿中一个条款颇 具争议, 该条款指出, 离婚时婚前房产将被认定为购买者的个人财产, 而不是夫妻共同财产。) 共同富裕 common prosperity 共同利益 common interests 公务用车 government car (China plans to further reform the use of government cars in an effort to cut unnecessary expenditure and build a green government, officials of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said. 国家发展和改 革委员会官员称,国家计划进一步推进公务用车的改革,以减少不必 要的花费,建设绿色政府。) 公务员 civil servant 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity. 工薪阶层 salaried person/group 公休 work recess 供养资金 funding 工业股票 industrial stock 工 业 化 和 城 镇 化 水 平 levels of industrialization and urbanization 工 业 控 制 一 体 化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration 工业停滞 industrial stagnation 工业园区 industrial park 公益唱片 benefit album (The "Hope For Haiti Now" benefit album will debut at No. 1 on the U.S. pop chart on Wednesday, becoming
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the first digital-only release to achieve this feat in the nearly 54-year history of the Billboard 200. 周三,公益唱片 《给海地希望》将以美国流行音乐排行榜冠军的位置首度亮相。这张 唱片是 Billboard 200 专辑榜 54 年的历史上第一张创下如此佳绩的 数字专辑。) 公益广告 public-interest ad 公益活动 public benefit activities 公益林 public welfare forest 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公证 notary service 公证财产 notarize the properties 公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open 公众投资 public investments 工资税 payroll tax 工资形成机制 wage formation mechanism (The report predicted the wage formation mechanism reform that originated from low-end labor market will spread to the high-end market and trigger shifts in income distribution. 该报告预计由低端劳动 力市场开始的工资形成机制改革将会延伸到高端市场并启动收入分 配变革。) 工资削减 pay-cut 工 资 指 导 线 salary guideline (Despite signs of economic recovery, millions of workers face wage cuts and freezes under new salary guidelines. 在新的工资指导线标准下,尽管经济有复 苏的迹象,数百万工人仍面临降薪的局面。) 工作狂 workaholic 工作室 studio 工作午餐 working lunch 公平竞争 fair competition 公共监查 public oversight 公共汽车候车亭 bus shelter 公共文化基础设施 culture-related facilities for public use 公开或变相涨价 to raise prices openly or in convert forms 公勺(多人吃饭时公用的) service spoon 公司犯罪 corporate abuse / crime / cheat / fraud / wrongdoing / misconduct 共同关心的问题 issue of common concern
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共同基金 mutual funds 公 务 车 state-financed vehicle (The Beijing municipal government is trying to set an example on curbing pollution and energy consumption by imposing a traffic restriction on State-financed vehicles. 为减少污染,降低能耗,北京市政府开 始倡导减少公务车出行。) 公 务 员 考 试 civil service exam (About 1m candidates have applied for the 2009 national civil service exam, an increase of 25% over this year, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security has said. 据人力资源和社会保障部统计,约百万 人已报名参加 2009 年国家公务员考试,比 2008 年报考人数增长了 25%。) 公 益 大 使 charity ambassador (Neither Liu Xiang nor the Athletics Administrative Center will lodge a claim for compensation with China Ping An Insurance which gave Liu an RMB100m accident insurance policy Liu last October, in accordance with the insurance contract and mutual understanding of relevant articles therein, the Center said Wednesday. Ping An said Liu Xiang will continue to act as the company's charity ambassador. 2007 年 10 月,中国平安向刘翔赠 亿元意外保险保单。国家体育总局田径运动管理中心今日表示,基于 双方前期达成的保险合同及对相关条款的理解, 国家体育总局田径 运动管理中心及刘翔本人不打算对中国平安提出索赔。 中国平安将邀 请刘翔继续担任公司公益大使。) 公益文化活动 nonprofit cultural programs 公有制 public ownership 公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度 the basic economic system of keeping public ownership as the mainstay of the economy and allowing diverse forms of ownership to develop side by side 公众听证会 public hearings 工资正常增长机制 a mechanism for regular pay increases 狗流感 Dog flu (A dog flu virus is going around the US and has now been found in 30 states. 一种狗流感正在美国悄然蔓延,目 前已有 30 个州发现了这种病毒。) 购买力 purchasing power 购 买 力 平 价 purchasing power parity (China next year will measure its gross domestic product (GDP) using purchasing power
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parity (PPP), an internationally accepted methodology, Beijing-based financial news portal Caing.com reported Monday. 据财经资讯门户网站财新网周一报道, 明年中国将通过购买力平价这 一国际通用的方法来换算国内生产总值。) 购买欲 desire to buy; desire to purchase 狗腿子 henchman; lackey; hired thug 购物车 shopping trolley 购物券 coupon 构想 conceptualization 狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" 购物指南 shopping guide, shoppers' guide, buyers' guide 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 固定电话运营商 fixed-line telecom carrier 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones 固 定 资 产 投 资 investment in the fixed assets; fixed asset investment 股东会 board of shareholders 股份公司 joint-stock company 股份合作制 shareholding cooperative system 有限责任公司 limited liability company 股份有限公司 limited liability company 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system 骨干企业 key enterprise 鼓励奖 consolation prize 股民 investor 股票期权 the stock option 股票转让制度 the stock-transfer system 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market 股指 stock index 古装剧 costume drama (Producers remaking the popular TV hit A Dream of Red Mansions have splashed out 200 million yuan ($29 million) – a record amount in China's television history for a period costume drama. 新版《红楼梦》制作方已经对该剧投入了 2 亿元(合 2900 万美元)的资金,创下了中国古装电视剧的投资额
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历史纪录。) 刮鼻子 criticize; reprimand 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to 挂靠户 an adjunct organization 挂牌开业 hang out one's shingle; put one's name plate in (a certain street) 挂失 report the loss. (I'd like to report the loss of my credit card and cancel it. 我要办理信用卡挂失并取消那张卡。) 挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit 挂职下放 transfer to lower units with one's post retained 拐点 turning point (Since financial markets have been stable during the past 6 weeks, and economic growth is unlikely to fall further than the 4th quarter, the first half of this year could well be the turning point. 由于在过去 6 周内金融市场走势平稳, 经济增长不太可能继去年第 4 季度后继续下滑, 今年上半年市场将出 现拐点。) 关闭效应 blackout effect 观潮派 those who take a wait-and-see attitude; fence-straddler 官方网站 official website 观光电梯 sightseeing (tourist) lift 关键词过滤 keyword infiltration (The provincial official also stressed that the operation of its screen system is based on keyword infiltration and not all text messages are actually checked. 广东省官员还强调称,短信过滤系统采取的是关键词过滤 的办法,而不是对公民的每条短信都去查看。) 关联交易 connected transaction 关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 关门态度 closed-door attitude 官商 state-operated commerce 关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall 关税配额 tariff quota 关停并转 close down, suspend operation, merge with others or shift to different line of production; rationalize 观望态度 wait-and-see attitude 关系网 connection network; relationship network
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关 于 进 一 步 加 强 农 村 教 育 工 作 的 决 定 Decision on Further Strengthening Rural Education 冠状病毒 corona virus 广播电视大学 radio and television university 光碟,光盘 compact disk; CD 广而告之 publicize widely 广告词 jingle 广告代理行 advertising agent 广告电话直销 direct response advertising 广告画 poster 广告妙语 attention-getter 广告人 advertising man; adman 广告宣传车 loudspeaker van; sound truck 光谷 optical valley 光棍儿节 Singles’ Day. Every year at 11:11pm on November 11, fun-seeking male college students will have rowdy parties by screaming out their desire to find a girlfriend and use whatever is available to make big noises. The timing, consisting of eight Arabic number of 1, is deliberately selected to personify many single people. 光棍节 Singles' Day (China is probably the only country in the world that has set aside a special day - Singles' Day, which falls on November 11 every year. 中国可能是世界上唯一拥有" 光棍节"的国家,该节日被定在每年的 11 月 11 日。) 光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" 广交会 The China Export Commodities Fair 广开财路 make full use of all talents 广开就业门路 create more employment opportunities 光缆 optic cable 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 光通信 photo-communication; optical communication 光 污 染 light pollution (The provincial capital of South China's Guangdong province is expected to take the lead in collecting light pollution fees in the country. 据悉,中国南 部广东省省会广州市将率先在全国开征光污染排污费。) 广域网 wide area network (WAN) 广 种 薄 收 extensive cultivation; wide sowing but meager harvest—a method of cultivation: the cultivated area is large
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but the per area yield is relatively low 钢管舞 Pole dancing (Pole dancing's popularity in France can be testified by hot sales of poles. 法国人目前对学跳钢管舞乐 此不疲,从所用钢管热销,就可证明其在法国发烧的程度。) (手机)关机 power off 管理办法 measures for administration 管理规定 provisions on administration 管理条例 regulations on administration 官 煤 勾 结 government officials in cahoots with coalmine operators; government officials act in collusion with coalmine operators 冠名 title sponsorship 冠名赞助商 title sponsor 股权分置改革 state share sale reform; equity division reform; split-share reform 关税下调 tariff reduction 关系户 closely-related units 《关于预防煤矿生产安全事故的特别规定》 Special Regulations for Preventing Coalmine Accidents 刮痧 Holographic Meridian Scraping Therapy (Guasha) 固定电话 fixed-line telephone 固定汇率 fixed exchange rate 股份制改造 shareholding reform 规避 circumvention 轨道站 orbit station 规范分配秩序 Rationalize the relations of income distribution 规范民办教育 standardize non-government funded schools 归国留学生 returned students 归 口 管 理 put under centralized management by specialized departments; centralized management by specified departments 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale 规模经营 scale management 规模效益 scale merit 归侨 returned overseas Chinese 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist 轨道舱 orbital module 鼓励、支持和引导非公有制经济 encourage, support and guide the growth of the non-public sector of the economy
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滚雪球 snowball -- (of a plan, problem, etc.) to grow bigger on an increasing rate 国奥队 the National Olympic Team 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components 过度放牧 overgraze 过度开垦 excess land reclamation 过度投资行业 over-invested industries 国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense 国防动员体制 the mobilization system for national defense 国防科工委 State Commission of Science and Technology for National Defense Industry 国防预算 defense budget (China plans to increase its defense budget by 7.5 percent in 2010, only about half of last year's planned growth of 14.9 percent, a parliament spokesman said here on Thursday. 全国人大发言人(李肇星)本周四称,中国 2010 年国防预算的增幅计划为 7.5%,增幅仅为去年计划增幅 14.9%的一 半。) 国货 domestics 过火 go too far 国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 国 际 标 准 化 组 织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 国际承诺 international commitments 国际公认的警戒线 internationally accepted alarm level 国际惯例 international common practice 国际海域 international waters 国际化战略 internationalization strategy 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) 国 际 禁 止 化 学 武 器 组 织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) 国际恐怖主义 international terrorism 国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization) 国际联盟 international coalition 国际贸易伙伴 international trading partner 国计民生 the national economy and the people's livelihood 《国际民用航空公约》(1944) The International Civil Aviation Covenant
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国际清算 international settlement 国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL) 国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) 国际社会 the international community 国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment 国际玩笑 play a large-scale joke 《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune 国 际 自 然 保 护 联 盟 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 国 际 足 球 联 盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 国家财政贴息贷款 discount government loan 国家创新体系 state innovation system 国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration 国家级特殊津贴 special state allowance 国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city 国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems 国家控股公司 state-controlling company 国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua 国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration 国家外汇储备 state foreign exchange reserves 国家一级保护 first-grade State protection 国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision 国家中长期科学和技术发展规划 a national medium- to long-range program for scientific and technological development 国 家 重 点 科 技 攻 关 项 目 national key scientific and technological project 国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team 过境签证 transit visa 国库券 treasury bonds 过劳死 karoshi; death from overwork 过劳死 die from overwork ( Its employees are always under severe stress and some even died from overwork. 。该公司员工 长期压力过大,曾出现员工过劳死事件。)
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国民党 Kuomintang 国民经济的综合平衡 overall balance in national economy 国民经济支柱产业 pillar industry in national economy 国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP) 国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP) 国内游 inbound tourism 过山车 roller coaster 国事访问 state visit 过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault;liability without fault 过失责任 liability of fault 国书 state credentials 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace 国土资源部 Ministry of Land and Resources 国土资源管理 land and resources administration 国外旅游 overseas travel 国务卿 Secretary Of State (in America) 过硬 have a perfect mastery of 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little 国有独资商业银行 wholly state-funded commercial bank 国有股 state-owned shares 国有股减持 state stock reduction; reduce state's stake in listed companies 国有及国有控股工业企业 state-owned industrial enterprises and enterprises whose controlling stake was owned by the state 国 有 企 业 股 份 制 改 革 继 续 推 进 fresh progress was made in transforming state-owned enterprises into stock companies 国有企业下岗职工基本生活保障向失业保险并轨 integrate the subsistence allowances for laid-off workers into the unemployment insurance system 国 有 商 业 银 行 股 份 制 改 造 试 点 方 案 pilot plan to transform state-owned commercial banks into stock entities 国有资产管理体制 State property management system 国有资产监督管理委员会 the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission 国有资产流失 loss of state-owned assets 国债贴息贷款 T-bond discount loans
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国债投资 treasury bond investment 国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond 国 债 资 金 重 点 项目 责 任 制 the responsibility system for key projects funded by treasury bonds 果子狸 civet cat 过渡期 transitional period 国家发展计划委员会 the State Development Planning Commission 国家计划和财政政策、货币政策等相互配合的宏观调控体系 the macro-economic regulation system by integrating State planning with fiscal and monetary policies 国家审判权 the judicial authority of the State 《国家突发公共事件总体应急预案》 Master State Plan for Rapid Response to Public Emergencies 国际部队 international forces 国 际 多 边 金 融 机 构 international multilateral financial institution 国际关系民主化 practice democracy in international relations 国际禁毒日 International Day against Drug Abuse (People around the world hold rally marking the International Day against Drug Abuse.) 国际社会 international community 国民素质 the populace's cultivation 国情 national conditions 过期食品 expired food, out-of-date food (The Japanese, who always pay attention to food safety, have lowered their requirements amid the economic woes, the United Morning Post reported. A survey shows that 83% Japanese think it's ok to buy out-of-date food as long as they don't make people fall ill. 据新加坡《联合早报》报道,向来重视食品安全的日本人,随着经济 不景气而口味大降。一项民调显示,83%的日本人认为,只要吃不坏 肚子,就无所谓购买过期食品。) 国务委员 state councilor 国务院令 Decree of the State Council 国务院通知 Circular of the State Council 国有商业银行 State-owned commercial bank 国债余额管理方式 the method of outstanding balance management for its national debt 股票市场散户 individual stock investor
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股权分置 to float the non-tradable shares; equity division H 海底电缆 submarine cable 海关完税价值 customs value 海量存储 mass memory 海上救助船 salvage ship 海市蜃楼,镜花水月,无稽之谈 a mare’s nest 海 外 汇 款 overseas remittance (Despite the global economic crisis, the amount of overseas remittance to Vietnam in 2008 is estimated to go up by $1.3b to $8b, Vietnamese officials said Tuesday. 越南官员 6 日说,虽然正值全球经济危机,但是粗略估计, 2008 年越南的侨汇收入仍然增长了 13 亿美元,达到 80 亿美元。) 海湾战争综合症 Gulf War Syndrome; Gulf War Illnesses 海峡两岸交流基 金会 (海基会) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF) 海峡两岸关系协会(海协会) the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) 海选 auditions (Auditions start later this month, with the show set to go on air in late August. 海选将于本月晚些时候启动, 比赛将于 8 月底正式播出。) 寒带 frigid zone 旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park 函授大学 correspondence university 汉语文化圈 Chinese-speaking community 汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software 航空港 air harbor 航空旅行意外险 air-travel accident insurance 航空母舰 aircraft carrier 航母 aircraft carrier 航天服 space suit 航天器 spacecraft 航向错误,奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack 行业协调和自律 trade co-ordination and self-discipline 行业信息发布制度 information release system for industries 行业杂志 trade journal (I work as an assistant editor for a trade journal in the food industry, where my tasks include a great deal of interviewing and personal contact with industry insiders. 我曾在某行业杂志担任食品方面的助理编辑, 主要工作包
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括对食品界人士进行采访以及与他们进行私人接触。) 行业准入制度 industry access system (Revised Coal Laws will for the first time set theindustry access system for the sector, the China Securities Journal reported Monday, citing sources with the China National Coal Association. 《中国证券报》周一 援引来自中国煤炭工业协会的消息称,修改后的《煤炭法》将首次为 煤炭行业设立行业准入制度。) 韩流 South Korean fad 好出风头的运动员 "exhibitionist, grandstander " 豪赌 unrestrained gambling 豪华轿车 luxury car 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster 好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more 好球 Strike 好事不出门,恶事传千里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " 耗 水 产 业 water-intensive industry (Water-intensive industrial sectors, such as thermal power, textiles, paper, iron and steel, have the most potential for water conservation, Joerss said. 尤茂庭表示,火电、纺织、造纸及钢铁等耗水产业在 节水方面可努力的空间最大。) 号脉 feel the pulse 河道整治 dredging waterway 贺 电 congratulatory message (Premier Wen Jiabao, in his congratulatory message to Obama, said "a sound China-US relationship meets the common aspirations of our two peoples and the need to maintain peace, stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region and the world at large". 温家宝总理在致 奥巴马的贺电中表示:良好的中美关系是我们两国人民的共同期盼, 也是维护亚太地区和世界和平、稳定与繁荣的需要。) 核讹诈 nuclear blackmail (Iran has formally complained to the United Nations that the new American nuclear policy is "nuclear blackmail" and should be considered a violation of international law. 伊朗正式向联合国“上书”指责美国新的核政 策是“核讹诈”,应被视为违反国际法。) 盒饭 packed meal; box lunch 和服 Kimono 合伙企业 partnership enterprise
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核军火库 nuclear arsenal 合理引导消费 guide rational consumption 和平共处五项原则: 互相尊重领土完整和主权、互不侵犯、互不干 涉 内 政 、 平 等 互 利 、 和 平 共 处 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence 和平解决台湾问题 peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question 和平演变 peaceful evolution 和气生财 Harmony brings wealth 贺岁片 New Year's Film 合同医院 contract clinic 核武器数量 Nuclear Arsenal Size 核销 cancel after verification 核心家庭 nuclear family 核心竞争力 core competitiveness 合业经营 combined operation/ management 合议庭 collegiate bench 合作演员 co-star (The 20-year-old actress - who plays a teenage rocker in 'Bandslam' - has revealed she and her co-stars practised before their scenes by using a Nintendo Wii interactive games console. 这位在电影《乐团狂飙》中扮演摇滚 少女的 20 岁女演员透露,她在开拍前曾经和她的合作演员用任天堂 Wii 互动游戏机一起演练过。) 合 格 的 境 内 机 构 投 资 者 qualified domestic institutional investor (QDII) 合 格 的 境 外 机 构 投 资 者 qualified foreign institutional investors (QFII) 合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people 黑 帮 mafia gangs (China's Ministry of Culture has banned websites featuring or publicizing online games which glamorize mafia gangs. 中国文化部发布通知要求各地立即查处运营或宣传" 黑帮"主题网络游戏的网站。) 黑车 black taxi (a taxi that carries passengers illegally and without a business license) 黑店 gangster inn
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黑飞 black flight (Unfortunately for those expecting little green men, the explanation from authorities several days later was far from mysterious: It was a private jet taking a "black flight". 可是,就在大家准备迎接外星人光临的时候,官方在几天 后向公众通报说这其实毫不神秘:那是私人飞机进行的一次“黑 飞”。) 黑金 kickback (The International Olympic Committee will open an ethics investigation into Issa Hayatou over allegations the African football official took kickbacks from FIFA's former marketing agency. 国际奥委会道德委员会将对非洲足联主席伊萨? 哈亚图展开调查。哈亚图受指控曾收受国际足联前市场部门的“黑 金”。) 黑客 hacker 黑哨 black whistle 黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland; underworld group 黑匣子 black box 黑心棉 shoddy cotton 黑眼圈 dark under-eye circles 黑 车 unlicensed cab (Cab drivers in main urban zones of Chongqing stopped work Monday to protest a number of issues, including numerous unlicensed cabs and insufficient supplies of compressed natural gas, which powers most taxis. 重庆市主 城区出租汽车司机 3 日举行罢工,抗议黑车泛滥、出租车加气难等问 题。) 和平大使 Messenger of Peace (Actress Charlize Theron is named as a UN Messenger of Peace, at United Nations Headquarters, in New York, November 17, 2008. 演员查理兹?塞隆 2008 年 11 月 17 日在纽约联合国总部被任命为联合国大使。 ) 和平“路线图”计划 the “roadmap” peace plan 和谈 peace talks 和弦铃声 chord music ringtone 和谐社会 harmonious society 核心/非核心资产 core / non-core assets 合资银行 share-holding bank 红白喜事 wedding and funeral 红包 convert payment; (neutral)red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback 红筹股 red chips
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洪峰 ood crest; flood peak 红股 bonus share 宏观经济基本状况 macroeconomic fundamentals 宏观决策 macro-level policy-making 宏观调控 macro-control 红领 red-collar worker (Becoming a civil servant - known as a red-collar worker in China - is the ambition of many white-collar workers in the city, according to a new survey. 根据一项新调查,成为公务员,也就是国内所谓的“红领”,是许多 城市白领的梦想。) 《红楼梦》 Dream of the Red Mansion; Dream of the Red Chamber (The Story of the Stone) 红马甲 floor broker; floor trader 红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) 鸿门宴 Hongmen banquet--a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited 红旗单位 advanced (model) establishment 红色旅游业 red tourism (Nearly 10,000 citizens in Shaoshan -known as one of China's "red tourism" sites -- marked the date with a 5,000-meter foot race that started from Mao's former residence and ended at the square in front of the Shaoshan Railway Station. 为了纪念毛泽东诞辰 117 周年,韶山市有近 1 万 人参加了 5000 米竞走比赛,比赛从毛主席的故居开始,到韶山火车 站广场结束。韶山是中国的红色旅游地之一。) 红色遗迹 red relics (Tibet will apply to the central government for more than 23 million yuan to protect the "red relics" (revolutionary sites) this year, with the first batch of construction for protection projects already started. 西藏将 向中央政府申请超过 2300 万元人民币用来保护“红色遗迹”(革命 遗址) ,第一批保护工程已经启动。) 红衫军 the red-shirted protesters.(4 of the protest leaders have surrendered to police with most of the red-shirted protesters calling off their action Tuesday. 其中 4 人已主动 向警方自首,绝大多数反政府"红衫军"示威者周二开始解散集会. ) 红丝带 Red Ribbon
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红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) 弘扬和培育民族精神 Carry forward and cultivate the national spirit 宏观经济政策 macroeconomic policies 红楼梦 A Dream of Red Mansions 红色旅游 red tourism (China will boost "red tourism," or visits to former revolutionary bases and landmark sites, through 2010 to promote the "national ethos" and "social-economic development" in those areas, according to a national program.) 后备工业 supporting industry 后备基金 reserve fund 候补委员 alternate committee member 后防空虚 leave the defense exposed 候 鸟 企 业 migrant enterprise — an enterprise that changes locations for pursuing better conditions for production 喉舌;代言人 mouthpiece 后台管理 back-stage management 后续投资 follow-up investment 候选城市 the candidate cities 后劲 ability to make further advances 互动演示 interactive demonstration 互动广告 interactive advertisement 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. 互惠互利 reciprocity and mutual benefit 户籍改革 household registry reform; residential system reform 呼叫等待 call waiting 呼叫转移 call forwarding 户口簿 residence booklet 户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " 呼啦圈 hu la hoop 互联网服务提供商 ISP (Internet Service Provider) 虎鲨 tiger shark.(US diver Craig Clasen fought with a 12ft tiger shark for nearly 2 hours when it tried to attack his friend during an underwater spear fishing expedition in Louisiana. 美国潜水员克雷格?克拉森在美国路易斯安那州的海底潜水捕鱼时, 为了保护自己的同伴,在水中与一条 12 英尺长的虎鲨搏斗了两个小 时。)
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护身法宝 amulet 胡同串子 peddler; hawker 互通有无 supply each other’s needs 呼吸衰竭 respiratory failure 忽悠 sweet-talk, coax, wheedle. (You cannot sweet-talk me into helping you! 你别想用好话哄我帮助你。) 户主 head of a household 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) 滑板车 scooter 华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele 滑草 grass skating 华盖 canopy 环境保护 protect the environment 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York 花样游泳 water ballet 画中画 picture-in-picture (PIP) 化妆晚会 mask party 花边新闻 tidbit (Interesting tidbit: "a group known as the Kallawaya use Spanish or Quechua in daily life, but also have a secret tongue mainly for preserving knowledge of medicinal plants, some previously unknown to science. 'How and why this language has survived for more than 400 years, while being spoken by very few, is a mystery,' Dr. Harrison said in a news release.") 画饼充饥 feed on illusions 滑盖手机 slide phone 坏球 Ball 坏帐 bad account 花露水 toilet water 环保电池 environment-friendly battery; 环保型技术口 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) 换 岗 job reshuffle (At least 3,000 police officials in Chongqing are facing a major job reshuffle to clean up the police force tainted by its protection of several organized gangs. 重庆将有至少 3000 名警察面临大换岗, 此次换岗的目的是对 有黑帮保护伞之称的当地警察队伍进行清理。) 换届 change personnel upon completion of a term of office
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换届选举 election at expiration of office terms 环境绿化 environmental greening 环境污染 environmental pollution 环境效益 environmental benefits 环幕电影 circular-screen movie 环绕立体声 surround 换手率 turnover rate 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" 环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim 换休 change the day off 环保型汽车 environment-friendly car; eco-friendly car 环 保 专 项 治 理 special projects to address serious environmental problems 换乘站 transfer stop; transfer station 黄标车 yellow label car (That will come at a time when "yellow label cars" - those heavy-polluting vehicles - have been cleaned up off the road after a more-than-two-years effort. 届 时,黄标车(高污染排放车辆)将从路面上消失,这是持续两年多努 力的结果。) 黄、 毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking 赌、 " 黄昏恋 twilight romance; romance of the elderly (北爱尔兰)皇家警察部队 Royal Ulster Constabulary 黄金时段 prime time ( 吃 ) 皇 粮 "public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state " (农产品国内支持)"黄箱"措施 Amber Box measures 黄段子 dirty joke 黄金线路 hot travel route 黄牛票 scalped ticket (The senator overseeing Barack Obama's swearing-in ceremony said Monday that she's writing to Internet sites like eBay asking them not to sell scalped inauguration tickets. 负责奥巴马就职典礼的一位参议员 10 日称,她已给 eBay 等网站写信,要求网站不要倒卖就职典礼黄牛票。) 黄土高原 Loess Plateau 环太平洋 Pacific Rim 缓 刑 suspended sentence (Zhou Zhenglong, the farmer found guilty of faking photographs of an endangered tiger, left
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Xunyang County Detention Center in Shaanxi for home Tuesday after a court handed down a suspended sentence as a result of an appeal. "华南虎案"被告周正龙二审获判缓刑后,18 日离开陕西 旬阳看守所,返回家中。) 环形线路 loop line 欢迎仪式 welcome ceremony 还愿 redeem a wish 呼出通话 outgoing call 挥棒 swing 挥棒不中 fan 徽标 emblem 会标 association's emblem; organization's symbol 汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation 会考 unified examination; general examination 回扣 sales commission; rebates; kickback 灰领 (源于美国,指负责维修电器、上下水道、机械的技术工人,他 们 多 穿 灰 色 的 制 服 工 作 , 因 此 得 名 。 ) Gray-collar (Skilled technicians; employees whose job descriptions combine some white- and some blue-collar duties.) 灰领工人 gray-collar workers 回流移民 returning emigrants 汇率 exchange rate 灰色技能 gray skills (A survey of 2,298 people showed that 70.7% people consider "gray skills", which refer to special social skills including drinking and flattering, important at work, the China Youth Daily reported Tuesday. 据《中国青年报》 周二报道,一项 2298 人参与的调查显示,70.7%的人认为喝酒、奉承 等“灰色技能”在职场中非常重要。) 灰色经济 grey economy 灰色区域措施 Grey area measures 灰色收入 gray income 回头客 returned customer 回头率 rate of second glance 回头是岸 Repentance is salvation; It is never too late to mend. 汇演 joint performance 汇率制度 currency regime 毁人不倦 be tireless in leading young people astray 呼叫转移 call divert
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户籍所在地 registered permanent residence 狐 狸 精 foxtrel (Japanese housewives used to swallow their anger when their husband had an affair or abused them but now they are brave enough to dump them thanks to the professional "foxtrels". When a woman can't maintain the marriage and it's hard to get a divorce, she can hire a foxtrel to seduce her husband. The foxtrels are so professional that they will do anything the job requires. 过去,日本主妇对丈夫的出轨或暴力 只能忍气吞声。如今很多人则可以勇敢地甩掉他们。这一切得益于日 本兴起的一种新职业:职业"狐狸精"。当有人跟配偶过不下去又不容 易离婚时,就会雇佣她们来勾引自家老公。而"狐狸精"也十分敬业, 为达目的什么都肯做。) '胡萝卜加大棒'政策 'carrot and stick' policy (Iran Monday rejected US President-elect Obama's latest call for a "carrot and stick" policy in dealing with Tehran's nuclear issue. 伊 朗 8 日拒绝了美国当选总统奥巴马在伊朗核问题上最新提出的"胡萝 卜加大棒"政策。) 混合经济 mixed economy 混合所有制 diversified ownership; mixed ownership 混合型卷烟 blended type cigarette 婚检 premarital check-up (Wang Ying, deputy to the NPC and vice-director of Yunnan Dali Health Bureau, has suggested the government encourage premarital health checks. 全国人大代表、 云南省大理白族自治州卫生局副局长王瑛在两会期间建议, 政府应加 大婚检宣传力度。) 婚介所 matrimonial agency 婚恋交友网站 match-making website (China's central government has set up a match-making website to help thousands of busy but lonely government workers find love at work. 中国政府成立了 一家婚恋交友网站, 帮助成千上万繁忙却孤单的政府职员在工作中寻 找爱情。) 婚内强奸 marital rape; rape of spouse 婚奴 marriage slave (A man surnamed Zeng said it is quite expensive to get married and he felt like a "marriage slave" who fell into trouble in life after spending a lot of money on his wedding ceremony and banquets. 一位姓曾的男士称,现在结 婚花费十分昂贵,在花钱举办完结婚仪式和婚宴后生活陷入了困境, 他感觉自己成为了一名“婚奴”。)
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婚前同居 premarital cohabitation 婚前协议 prenuptial agreement 婚纱摄影 wedding photo 婚纱照 pre-wedding photos (Dickie Cheung and Zhang Qian took pre-wedding photos in the Philippines on January 10. 张卫健 和张茜 1 月 10 日在菲律宾拍摄了婚纱照。) 混水摸鱼 fish in troubled water 婚外恋 extramarital love affair 婚外情 extramarital affair (A US governor who has gained media attention by his four-day disappearance admitted on Wednesday that he has been having an extramarital affair. 因消失四天而 广受媒体关注的美国(南卡罗来纳州)州长于本周三承认他有婚外 情。) 婚 外 生 育 give birth out of wedlock (According to a new regulation announced by Chongqing's Family Planning Commission, married people who give birth out of wedlock will face a possible fine up to 250,000 yuan, Chongqing Economic Times reported. 据《重庆商报》消息,重庆计划生育委员会发布了一项新 规定,已婚人士婚外生子将面临最高达 25 万元的罚款。) 混业经营 mixed operation/ management 馄饨 ravioli 婚前体检 pre-marital medical exam 货币操纵国 currency manipulator (The country will probably see a "record trade deficit" in March thanks to surging imports, Minister of Commerce Chen Deming said on Sunday, while warning that Beijing will "fight back" if Washington labels China a currency manipulator. 商务部部长陈德铭周日表示,由于进口的大 幅度增长,三月份中国的贸易逆差可能“破纪录”,同时他警告说, 如果华盛顿方面将中国定义为货币操纵国,北京将“予以反击”。) 货币供应量 measure of money supply (The broad measure of money supply, M2, which covers cash in circulation and all deposits, rose 27.68 percent from a year earlier as of the end of December, 9.86 percentage points higher than that at the end of 2008. 广 义货币供应(即 M2)包括流通货币以及全部储蓄存款。截至去年 12 月底, 我国 M2 供应量增长了 27.68%, 同比增幅达到 9.86 个百分点。 ) 货币化 monetization 货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation 货币留成制度 currency retention scheme
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货到付款 cash on delivery 货到付款 cash on delivery 活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn. 火电站 thermal power plant 火锅 hot pot 火 炬 计 划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) 活动板房 movable plank house / movable house 火炬手 torchbearer 活期存款 current deposit; current account 活期存款利率 demand deposit interest rate 火星探测器 Mars exploration rover (China will send its first Mars exploration rover "Yinghuo-1" into space in October next year by a Russian space rocket, according to Chen Changya, deputy designer-in-chief of China's first Mars rover. 中国首 个火星探测项目副总设计师陈昌亚透露,我国首个火星探测器"萤火 一号"将于明年 10 月搭乘俄罗斯的运载火箭飞向火星。) J 基本工资 basic wages (Over 3000 people recently applied for jobs in a British zoo which only temporary and at basic wages. 英国一家动物园日前发出广告,招聘临时工,只发放基本工资,结果 引来 3000 多人应聘。 ) 基本国策 basic state policy; basic national policy 基本国情 fundamental realities of the country 基 本 建 成覆 盖城乡 、 功 能完 善的疾 病 预 防控 制和医 疗 救 治体 系 establish a fully functioning system for disease prevention and control and for emergency medical aid that covers both urban andrural areas 基 本 路 线 要 管 一 百 年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. 基本人权 fundamental human rights 基本养老金社会化发放 retirees receive their basic pension through social security channels 基本医疗保险制度 basic medical insurance system 基本月租费 basic monthly fee (charges) 基层工作 grass-roots work 基层监督 grass-roots supervision 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level
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基 层 社 区 grassroots community (The State Council also encouraged college students to broaden their job search and consider working in grassroots communities, central and western parts of China or SMEs, or start their own business. 国务院还鼓励大学生拓宽就业渠道,考虑去基层社区、中西部地区以 及中小企业就业,或自主创业。) 基层文化建设 primary-level cultural undertakings 基 层 组 织 organizations at the grass-roots level, primary-level organization 机场建设费 airport construction fee 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) 继承税 inheritance tax 基础产业 basic industry 基础教育 basic education 基础设施建设 infrastructure construction 基础设施 infrastructure 基础税率 base tariff level 记大过 record a serious demerit 鸡蛋碰石头 like an egg striking a rock; attack? stronger than oneself 既得利益集团 vested interest groups (To implement the concept will require restricting vested interest groups and effective law enforcement, researchers and legislators said. 研究人员 和立法人士均表示,为了践行这一理念,就需要限制既得利益集团, 并促成各项法律的有效实施。) 基地组织 al-Qaeda group 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products 缉毒 investigate drug smuggling; capture drug smugglers (日本银行主持的)季度短观调查报告 Tankan survey 缉毒队 narcotics squad 极度兴奋 fever pitch (The goal roused the crowd to fever pitch. 这个进球让现场球迷陷入狂热。) 计费方法/ 按秒计费/ 按分计费 Calculating telephone fees/ per-second calculation/ per-minute calculation 积 分 制 point redemption scheme (The Asian Games volunteer badges are distributed on a basis of a point redemption scheme of volunteering service hours as volunteers can redeem one service hour for one point. Different service responsibilities
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have different coefficients. When the points reach 100, 200 and 300, volunteers are eligible for a bronze badge, silver badge and gold badge respectively. For higher points of 400, a medal of sun will be awarded. 亚运会志愿者徽章的派发是以志愿时积分 制为基础的。志愿者每服务 1 个小时可以换取 1 分。不同的服务职责 有不同的系数。当积分达到 100、200 和 300 时,志愿者可相应获得 铜章、银章和金章。达到 400 分时,还可获得一枚太阳勋章。) 急功近利 eager for instant success and quick profits 技 工 贸 结 合 的 科 技 型 企 业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development 机构重叠 organizational overlapping 机构改革 institutional reform; streamlining; institutional restructuring 机构投资者 institutional investor 机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) 激光唱片 compact disc; laser record; laser disc 激光打印机 laser printer 激光导航 laser navigation 激光通信 laser communication 计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan 计划经济 planned economy 计划内招生 planned enrollment 计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning 机会成本 opportunity cost 积极防御 active defense 计价器 taximeter 计件工资制 piece-rate system 季节工 seasonal worker 季节性调价 seasonal price adjustment 即开式奖券 scratch-open ticket; scratch pad 激励约束制度 a system of incentives and disincentives 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition 记名债券 registered bond 吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness World Records 纪念封 commemorative envelope 即期消费 immediate consumption 机器阅卷 machine scoring
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急人民所急,忧人民所忧 making the desires and worries of the people one's own 吉日良辰 auspicious day 即溶泳衣 dissolvable bikini (The dissolvable bikini looks like a real bikini but disappears after just a few seconds in water. 从表面看, 这种泳衣和真正的比基尼没有任何区别, 但入水几秒钟后, 它却能被彻底溶解掉。) 积少成多 many a little makes a mickle 寄生效应 ghost effect 即食餐 ready meal 计时工资 hourly wage 计时工资制 time-rate wage system 纪实文学 documentary writing 纪实小说 documentary fiction 寄售 commission sale 技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange 技 术 成 果 商 品 化 commercialization of technological achievements 技术储备 technological reserve 技术创新 technological innovation 技术改造 technological transformation 技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough 技术工人 technician; skilled worker 技术集约企业 technology-intensive enterprise 技术交底 technical disclosure 技术密集产品 technology-intensive product 技术密集型 technology-intensive 技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers 技术依托 technical backstopping 技术有偿转让 transfer of technology with compensation 集束炸弹 cluster bomb 技术职称 technical title 技术转让 technology transfer 集思广益 draw on collective wisdom and absorb all useful ideas 缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling 寄宿家庭 home stay (A home stay provides the opportunity to experience foreign culture while living in a foreign home. 寄
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宿家庭可以让你居住在外国人家中感受外国文化。 ) 计算机化战争 computerized war 计算机集成制造系统 computer integrated manufacturing system (CIMS) 计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction (CAI) 计算机辅助学习 computer-aided learning (CAL) 计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) 计算机网络信息中心 computer network information center 挤提 bank run 集体承包 be contracted to collectives; collective contract 集体观念 groupism; collective spirit 集体合同 collective contract (Collective contracts as part of an effective negotiation mechanism between workers and employers will help mitigate labor unrests that have hit parts of the country recently, the All China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) said on Thursday. 中华全国总工会上周四表示, 集体合同作为工人和雇主之间的一种有效协商机制的一部分, 有助于 缓解最近中国部分地区出现的劳资纠纷。) 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding 集体经济 collective economy 集 体 领 导 和 个 人 分 工 负 责 相 结 合 的 制 度 system combining collective leadership with individual responsibility 集体所有制 collective ownership 集团消费 institutional spending 既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones 继往开来 continue with the past and open up the future 纪委 discipline inspection commission 鸡尾酒疗法 drug cocktail therapy (treatment) 即 席 讲 话 speak impromptu; make an impromptu speech; off-the-cuff remarks 极限运动 extreme sports; X-sports 吉祥如意 Everything goes well 吉祥物 mascot 继续深化国有企业改革、使企业真正成为市场竞争的主体 to deepen SOE reform to enable them to become main players in the market competition; 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) 积压航班 flight backlog (Many European flights took to the
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skies Tuesday for the first time in days but the travel chaos was far from over: London's airports remained shut, a massive flight backlog was growing and scientists feared that history could repeat itself with yet another volcanic eruption in Iceland. 上周二,欧洲很多航班在停飞数天后首度飞上蓝天,但交 通混乱状况远未结束:伦敦机场仍然关闭,积压航班数量非常大且呈 上升趋势。科学家担心如果冰岛再有火山喷发,这一历史将重演。) 积压滞销 overstocked commodity (inventory) 机译 machine translation (MT) 基因工程 genetic engineering 基因库 gene bank 基因水稻 trans-genetic hybrid rice 基因突变 genetic mutation 基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray) 即印相片 instant photo 基因组 genome 绩优股 blue chip 集约化 intensification 集约化经营 intensive management 集约经营 intensive operation 鸡仔文学 Chick lit. This Chinese phrase is a translation of the English term “Chick lit,” which refers to the kind of fiction created for young women, particularly single, working women in their twenties and thirties. 记账式国债 book-entry T-bonds 记账式国库券 inscribed treasury bond 记者席 press box 记者招待会 press conference 家政服务 household service 集中供暖 central heating (Beijing's central heating is likely to be switched on early this winter, when the average temperature plunges below 5 C for five days consecutively or when a heavy snowfall or high wind hits the city. 如果平均气 温连续 5 天低于 5 摄氏度,或遭遇暴雪、强风天气,北京市就将提前 启动集中供暖。) 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 集装箱运输船 container freighter 集装运输 container shipping
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集资 pool resources; collect money; raise funds; raise money 集资办学 raise money to set up new schools 集资房 houses built with funds collected by the buyers 甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team 加班 overtime work 嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest 假唱 lip-synch 加长版 extended edition (In April, the 87-year-old Reader's Digest, the most popular general interest magazine in the United States, published its first extended edition in China to enrich the content of the magazine with pictures and words. 四月份,美国最受欢迎的综合性人文杂志《读者文摘》在中国出版了 第一辑加长版,用更多的图片和文字使杂志内容更丰富。 《读者文摘》 至今已经走过了 87 个春秋。) 假钞票 fake note; phony money; stumer 假动作 deception; feint; deception 价格波动 price fluctuation 价格操纵 price manipulation; price rigging 价格反弹 price rebound 价格浮动范围 price-float range 价格弹性 price elasticity 价格听证会 public price hearings 价格脱离价值 divergence of prices from values; divorce price from value 加 工 贸 易 trade involving the processing of supplied raw materials 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions 假结婚 bogus marriage (Canadian officials are becoming more skilled at spotting fake documents and bogus marriages. Some gangs use the same apartment backdrops for all of their photographs of supposed brides and grooms, and make the same mistake on all their forged documents. 加拿大官员在识别假文 件和假结婚案例时越来越熟练了。 一些犯罪团伙给假结婚的新娘和新 郎使用相同的住宅作背景, 而且他们所有的假文件中所犯的错误均有 雷同之处。) 架空 make somebody a mere figurehead; deprive somebody of his authority while keeping him in office 加快产业结构升级 speed up efforts to upgrade its industrial
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structure 加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products 加盟 ally oneself to (a sports team) 加密 encrypt 加密频道 encoded channel 家谱 family tree; family stemma; family genealogy 加强军队和政权建设 strengthen army building and the organs of political power 加强流动人口计划生育管理 strengthen the management of family planning among the floating population 加强农业基础地位 strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the economy 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 假球 soccer fraud 加权平均值 weighted average 假日经济 holiday economy 加塞 jump a queue; cut a line 假释 parole 加时赛 overtime (Pau Gasol scored nine points in the overtime to lead world champions Spain to a 85-75 win over China on Tuesday in the men's basketball competitions of the Beijing Olympic Games. 在本周二进行的北京奥运会男篮小组赛上,保罗? 加索尔在加时赛中得到九分, 其突出表现最终帮助世界冠军西班牙队 以 85 比 75 战胜中国队。) 加速上市 speed-to-market 加速上市 speed-to-market 家庭出身 family background 家庭经济困难的学生 needy student 家 庭 联 产 承 包 责 任 制 the household contract responsibility system 家庭窘照 Awkward family pics.(Set up a couple of months ago, Awkward Family Photos is getting more than 2m hits a day, attracting major publishers to line up offering potential book deals. 网站成立不足 2 月,日点击量已逾 200 万。各大知名出版商 纷纷排队抢购照片出版权。)
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家庭影院 home theater 假小子 tomboy 夹心层 sandwich class (Applications commenced yesterday in response to the Hong Kong Housing Society's plans to sell sandwich-class flats in Tseung Kwan O for singles and families. The flats are priced 23 percent below market value. 香港房屋 委员会计划面向单身人士和家庭出售将军澳地区的“夹心阶层住 屋”,申请已于昨日开始。这些公寓的售价比市价要低 23%。) 家用电器 household electrical appliance; home appliance 家长制作风 patriarchal style 家政服务 household service 家 政 服 务 业 home services industry (Chinese government Wednesday announced guidelines designed to boost the development of home services industry across the country, vowing financial support and tax cuts. 我国本周三公布了在全 国范围内促进家政服务业发展的政策措施, 并指出要对该行业提供财 政支持和税收优惠。) 价值工程 value engineering 家族企业 family firm 家 族 式 管 理 family-run management (It is time for Chinese entrepreneurs, who are well known for their diligence and ability to handle pressure, to study Western management because their companies are growing larger and the old family-run management style is no longer suitable for the market-oriented business model. 以勤奋和强抗压能力著称的中国企业家应该研究 一下西方管理学了,因为他们的公司正处于扩大时期,旧的家族式管 理模式不再适应目前以市场为导向的商业模式。) 加大污染治理力度 strengthen pollution control 假酒 adulterated wine 加快处置不良资产 step up efforts in handling bad assets 加快努力 speed up efforts 假冒伪劣商品 counterfeit and substandard goods 兼并 merge; annexation 见不得人的勾当 under-the-table deal 剪彩 cut the ribbon 剪彩仪式 ribbon cutting ceremony (The day has finally come for organizers and volunteers to open the doors of Beacon of Hope on the west side of Indianapolis. There will be a ribbon cutting
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ceremony at 8 a.m. July 27. 组织者和志愿者们终于要揭开印第安 那波利斯市西部“希望灯塔”的神秘面纱了。剪彩仪式将在 7 月 27 日上午 8 点举行。) 建仓 open a position 检察官 public procurator 检察机关 procuratorial organ 检察长 chief procurator 坚持不懈地进行“扫黄打非”斗争 fight unremittingly against pornographic and illegal publications 坚 持 对 话 , 不 搞 对 抗 persist in dialogue, refrain from confrontation 坚持解放思想、实事求是的思想路线,弘扬与时俱进的精神 adhere to the ideological guideline of emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and upholds the spirit of advancing with time. 坚持统一, 反对分裂, 增加了解, 化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences 剪刀差 price scissors; scissors movement of price 监督部门 watchdog 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products 尖端课题 frontline subject 减肥茶 diet tea 减肥训练营 weight loss camp (250 traffic police offers in Bangkok, Thailand, have entered a weight loss camp to burn the fat in their plump body from June 30. 泰国曼谷市 250 名体重超 标的交通警察 6

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