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on teenager education in China and western countries


ON Teenager Education in China and Western Countries Introduction Noble Prize is generally acknowledged as the highest honor for those scientists. Since 1901,the first Noble Prize was awarded, there are more than700 Noble Prize winners, among them ,the number of winners is over 470 in the field of physics, chemistry ,physiology and medical. And there are more than 200Americans , followed by British and Germans .In2009 ,Sweden Royal Academy of science published the prize list .There is no Chinese ,and in the field of top science ,they are white people who are in the dominate position .So can we come the conclusion that white people are more clever than we Chinese . The answer is negative . In the history of noble prize there were Chinese ,like Yang Zhenning. Then what is the reason . A German educationist once said that there was something wrong in Chinese education.( 青木, 德国为青少年设立天才库。 环球时报, 2058 期, 第 2009) what is wrong with our education ? Between China and western countries ,there are obvious differences in educating teenagers ,can we improve our education level by learning wholesome experiences of western countries. Ⅰ. Chinese education Education doesn’t only mean national education , I think it should include at least two main parts –family education and school education. A .Family education Family education is as import as school education ,even sometimes it is more important than school education .we are taught by our parents first when we were born .Family education influences children’s view of life ,concept of value to a great degree. Children are viewed as treasure of treasure to parents .On educating children ,there are there main opinions according to me . 1. Doting on children In china ,it is a common phenomenon that all family members try their best to please children .they will give anything their children want at any cost .With such education children always ask for unreasonable demand that beyond parenrts’ approach .Children are trend to be more supercilious to people and they are lack of knowledge of politeness . 2. Being too strict to children There is an old saying which goes like this ,it is the bridle and spun that makes a good horse .So according to this “Golden Rule” many parents use all their “tricks” to educate children . we can get such news ranging from TV programs to news papers. Children committee suicide because they can’t bear such heavy burden .If children can’t finish homework within the fixed time ,they would suffer a lot .Children become more and more introvert and sensitive ,they don’t have courage to express their opinions . 3. Being rational It is a wise choice for parents to be friends with their children .Making friends with children can create a harmonious atmosphere at home and out .parents and children are equal to each other and they can exchange their opinions freely .Living in a democratic family ,children will be sound in body and mind .There is a piece of news about this kind of family .Li’s mother said that first they would respect kid’s choice ,if she wanted to learn, we parents would support her .from the angel of parents ,we would support kid to learn what she wanted to learn ,it was a good way to cultivate interests.(吕军,为了兴趣学奥数。 青岛,半岛都市报,2009) B National education National education means the education is accepted by students at school ,in China National education divides into there main parts :compulsory education ,middle school education and higher education .Parents want their children to be enrolled by the best school ,so they told their children to study hard at schools ,children spend all their time and energy to learn what their teachers told them ,then they can have a good score at National Entrance Examination. In china ,students will study all the time ,they have little tine to cultivate their own interests and hobbies. Classrooms are very large which can hold more students at one time ,but students wii have little chances to raise questions .From primary school to higher education ,students will learn national courses which

includes Math ,Chinese ,English, Physical education and so on .In a class ,the teacher will talk from the beginning to the ending ,the only thing that students can do is to listening .At present ,mark is still the only standard to test students’ education level .It is really a lamentable thing that our students only recite knowledge not to practice it . Ⅱ. Western education Since white people won most of the Noble Prize , many people want to find that why white people seem to be more clever .I think it is the education that leads to the greatest difference .Western education pays close education to students not to the results . A. Family education If we read British novels or watch western films, we may have already known how education in western word used to be In the past .Jane Austen’s Emma is about the relationship between a rich young woman who has been taught the womanly subjects of the time ---reading ,poetry playing the piano and speaking a little of French and a lower class woman .Charlotte Bronte’s novels frequently have governess as heroines. Today there may be not many governess any more, parents will take full responsibility for family education .In western countries ,when parents talk with their children ,parents should squat .they think that children are young and short but they are independent person .Children are more likely to share their secrets with parents, ask for advices and get encouragements. American children could eat by themselves at the age of one ;and at the age of two or three they would live alone; on the street we can hardly see parents carry children in their arms ,if children fall down ,parents just stand by and wait until children stand up by themselves. One girl once asked her father why should she leave at the age of 18,her father said that there were two important things for the young people ,one was education ,another was independence .(史小妹, 《西方文 化与电影》 。西安:西北工业大学出版社,2007,3) Western parents encourage children to be independent. They also like to make housework plans for children like children can help parents fix something or do something cleaning. Through these things, children can learn a lot .For example, when they fix something, they learn how to read the manual ,they get the ability to read ,to think and to conduct information ,they also learn the life basic skills. When they finish the job, parents will check it and praise them if they really do a good job. British parents agree to give children chances to experience failures .if children fail to do one thing ,parents would encourage them to do it one more time .(史小妹,2007) B. National education Family education teaches children how to live a better life, then what do students learn at school ,how do they learn ? Western education stresses that students are the most important part of education, teachers are guides on their sides .Chinese teachers try to instill all the knowledge into students, while western teachers lead students to find all the knowledge behind the surface. We also find that western teachers encourage students to challenge teachers’ authority. Teachers will not only answer students’ questions but also raise questions for students to answer.. What do they learn ? western countries teach many aspects of knowledge from academic knowledge to practical subjects like cooking and carpentry .Students learn knowledge as well as abilities. How do they learn? in China ,students have fixed seats, but it is totally different in western countries, children can sit at any postures if they want ,they can interrupt teachers’ speaking , if they have questions ,they can ask .There is a beneficial interaction. Students get information through many ways , like by experiencing ,searching ,cooperating and discussing , classroom is not the only place where they can get information . Ⅲ. Features By comparison we can learn clear features of the two kinds of educations . A. Chinese education 1 .We pay more attention to students moral education .Our purpose of education is to educate students on morality ,wisdom ,body .(in Chinese 德 智 体) A person with a good morality can be a good one although he/she may be not learned: on the other

side ,a person can be a bad one if he/she is acknowledged but morally degenerated . 2 .We do well in children’s elementary education .Students come to school to learn how to read .to write ,the basic skill of learning is important ,especially for science ,the can have logical mind if they these courses well. B Western education 1 , The most important one is the spirit of pioneer. Teachers don’t ask students to recite knowledge but to search the knowledge outside the classroom , they stir up children’s curiosity to create .The main job of teacher is to teacher children how to think . 2 . Practice Students are encouraged to put all the have learnt into practice. If children learn something about ants ,they would catch several ants to observe, then they will go library or search the Internet for more information. All kinds of knowledge can be put into practice Ⅳ. Conclusion Chinese education and western education are with both advantages and disadvantages, we should select the quintessence. First, we should pay more attention to fair education , w e can see that in west part of China ,many children drop out ;Second ,the way of teaching should reformed ,we can use various methods to educate children ,it is not wise to instill knowledge into students ,universities and primary schools and middle schools can set some projects for students to practice ;Third ,teachers should change the way of teaching ,teachers could teach children to think and to imagine, the ability to think is more important than knowledge itself; then students can practice their knowledge .Fourth , government should take more responsibility ,According to UNESCO’ survey ,the average expenditure on education is about 6%of one country’s GDP, but China lag behind that number . Education is important to a single person as well as to the whole country , the quality of education reflects one country’s nationality ,we can’t always slogans but take action now .Maybe next year our country can have someone who will win Noble Prize. Bibliography 青木,德国为青少年设立天才库。环球时报,第 2058 期,2009 吕军,为了 兴趣学奥数。青岛,半岛都市报,2009 史小妹, 《西方文化与电影》 。西安:西北工业 大学出版社,2007,3


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