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湖北省八校2011届高三第一次联考(英语)[1]


2011 届高三第一次联考
英语试题
考试时间:2010 年 12 月 31 日下午 15∶ ~ 17∶ 00 00
全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. In order to promote its brand, Harvard University has put a lot of money and time to launch an advertising ________. A. campaign B. struggle C. movement D. promotion 22. With no better way to express feelings of love and _________, it's easy to see why everyone turns to the flower shop on Mothers’ Day. A. appreciation B. inspiration C. satisfaction D. ambition 23. The first African-American president of the United States received a(n) _______ welcome in the African countries, where he was received as a returning son. A. romantic A. primitive B. bureaucratic B. original C. enthusiastic C. unique D. optimistic D. positive 24. It's been a difficult time but, on the _______ side, I feel physically fine. 25. Mary, whose father passed away for smoking abuse, cried, “Any assumption that smoking is beneficial is _________ absurd.” A. totally B. nearly C. rarely D. merely 26. Everything from greeting to eating can be an opportunity to do the wrong thing, and not only embarrass yourself, but _______ your host. A. scare dream. [来源:学科网] A. dismiss A. take off &科&网] 29. A cat in London has been taking a bus regularly. The driver even knows where to______ this special passenger. A. put down B. pick out C. leave behind D. drop out 30. Since his works earned him quite a reputation in Liverpool, he has stayed there most o f his life, B. reject B. call off C. resign C. cut off D. ignore D. show off[来源:学 28. Rescuers had to __________ the search because of worsening weather condition. B. upset C. tease D. blame 27. After careful consideration, I decide to ________ my current post so as to realize my long-held

___________ the occasional visit to his hometown. A. apart from B. but for C. instead of D. regardless of

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Knowing how much her own children loved presents at Christmas, Ann Sutton, a social worker, always tried to seek help for one or two poor families. This year, Kinzie, Ann’s seven-year-old daughter, was 31 Kenny, by herself. At a 33 dinner, the phone rang. A representative from a local charity was calling to say that 35 down the 34 Ann had requested for Ashley had been cancelled. No Santa Claus, no presents, nothing. Ann saw the cheer fade away from her children's faces at the news. Without a word, she from her chair and ran from the room. Now, it didn't feel much 36 Christmas anymore. Kinzie that Santa Claus would make a special visit to a young mother named Ashley 32 her 12-month-old son, Evan, and her 12-year-old brother, who worked in a factory and was

returned, her face set with determination. She had opened up her piggy 37 , and now she counted out the coins and broken dollar 38 , one by one, onto the dining table: $3.30. Everything she had. “Mom,” she told Ann, “I know it's not much. game, with everyone 39 maybe this will buy a present for the baby.” Then 40 everyone was reaching into pockets and purses. Adding to Kinzie's gift became a 41 for loose change. By the time the search ended, there was a small mountain of bills and a neat pile of coins. The 42 : $130, plenty for a Christmas for three. “God multiplied your gift,” Ann said to Kinzie. That evening, Kinzie went with her mother and sister to 43 On Christmas Eve, Ann the money. 45 the astonished 44 through the pouring rain to the small cottage where the family 46 the gifts from the car, handing them to Ashley to Kenny. “Please, can I open up

lived. When Ashley opened the door, Ann stood under her umbrella and woman a merry Christmas. Then she began to

one by one. Ashley laughed in disbelief, and still the presents came. Ann abandoned the umbrella, and the young woman joined her in t he rain, passing gifts 47 just one tonight?” he begged. Soon both women were 48 something 49 , the kind of joy that brought them close to tears. 50 . “Kinzie could have used that money for herself, but C. surprised C. helping C. pitiful C. aid C. rolled C. over C. basket C. receipts D. puzzled D. protecting D. grateful D. prize D. slipped D. for D. bank D. signs to the skin, and surprise had turned to

Reflecting on a little girl's generosity, Ashley says she hopes she'll one day be able to do something similar for someone else in 31. A. disappointed 32. A. raising 33. A. sorrowful 34. A. reward 35. A. knelt 36. A. like 37. A. pocket 38. A. checks B. pleased B. teaching B. joyful B. job B. fell B. at B. case B. bills she gave it away,” Ashley says. “She's the type of kid I'd like my son to grow up to be.”

39. A. So 40. A. hopefully 41. A. hunting 42. A. goal 43. A. spend 44. A. looked 45. A. owed 46. A. unload 47. A. out 48. A. wet 49. A. sadder 50. A. vain

B. And B. luckily B. struggling B. budget B. save B. drove B. offered B. separate B. inside B. excited B. heavier B. store

C. But C. obviously C. rushing C. total C. distribute C. wandered C. brought C. divide C. down C. close C. wilder C. need

D. or D. suddenly D. trading D. maximum D. collect D. walked D. wished D. choose D. up D. familiar D. deeper D. touch

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题分 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文, 从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Vampires (吸血鬼) Vampire stories go back thousands of years. The acts we now associate with vampires, such as rising from the grave and drinking blood, were popularized by eastern European stories. Most early cultures created stories to explain things they didn’t understand. For example, hair and nails continue to grow after people die, which has already been proved possible by modern science. These facts were unknown to most people in the 19th century, however. As a result, the legends surrounding such mysteries were kept alive. Count Dracula In 1897, Irish writer Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula was published, spreading the vampire stories to a mass audience. In the novel, the Count Dracula of Transylvania, a 500-year-old vampire, has drunk his country dry and must move to England in search of new victims. Dracula means “son of the dragon” or “son of the devil” in Romania. Werewolf The story of a half- man, half-wolf beast is as old as that of vampires, and almost as varied. In most werewolf stories, however, a beast would silently enter settlements at night and steal a young child or an animal. The most common explanation of werewolf stories is that the beast was usually an ordinary wolf. The genetic disorder, which causes too much body hair, may also have helped to popularize the story. Frankenstein This is a fictional scientist created by British writer Mary Shelly in 1818. Dr Frankenstein lives in a castle and is so addicted to making living beings from parts of dead bodies that he refuses to marry.

The story of Frankenstein may have been planted in She lly’s mind since she visited Castle Frankenstein in Germany, where an alchemist(炼金术士) tried to do experiments with the aim of making people live longer.[来源:学#科#网 Z#X#X#K] The I nvisible Man In HG Wells’ 1897 story, a young scientist called Griffin, manages to make himself invisible. But he cannot find a way to become visible again. He then wants to make use of his super power but finally has gone mad. Wells’ tale owes a great debt to Greek philosopher Plato’s book Republic. 51. The best title for this passage should be ________. A. Origins of Ghosts B. Tales of Horror C. Exciting Stories D. Science Fictions 52. The people in the 19th century did NOT know _________. A. why vampires drank blood B. why dead people rose from the grave C. that vampires always kept their nails D. that hair could continue to grow after people died 53. What do most of the werewolf stories have in common according to the passage? A. The beast often silently entered settlements at night and stole a little child. B. The werewolf was in genetic disorder and so had a lot of body hair. C. An ordinary wolf would enter settlements at night and steal a child. D. The beast was sometimes a half-man and sometimes a half-wolf. 54. Which of the following statements is right about Frankenstein and the Invisible Man? A. They were produced based on the writers’ real experience. B. They were the producers of science and technology. C. They were not well suited to their surroundings. D. They were folk legends in the writers’ homeland. B The first two and a half years of American control of the Panama Canal were devoted only to preparation for human living. Energies were committed to establish suitable houses, hotels, and kitchens. Food supplies were built up and the ability of the existing Panama Railway system was increased. In addition, a large Panama Canal labor force was enrolled (招收) and organized under a civil government. With all this activity, the need for improved sanitation soon became apparent. Improving the unclean conditions was one of the greatest difficulties in building the Panama Canal. Colonel William C. Gorgas stepped up and took charge of improving these sanitary and working conditions. With the leadership of Gorgas, many new departments of sanitation were founded. Separate departments each undertook different tasks. Some health departments were in charge of hospitals, others in the management of health matters, and still others took charge of sanitation inspections. Committees were also formed to look after the basic welfare of the laborers. The sanitation work included clearing land, establishing quarantine(检疫) facilities, and taking care of sick and injured laborers in hospitals. On top of this, an operation under Gorgas' command aimed to destroy the yellow fever and malaria carrying mosquitoes.

The big wetlands surrounding the canal in certain areas were a great breeding(繁殖) ground for mosquitoes. In an attempt to solve some of the mosquito problems, the surrounding wetlands were drained(排干水) and filled. Various methods were used. This task was so big that the first two years of building the canal were largely dedicated to getting rid of the mosquitoes. In the end, these efforts were a success. By 1906, yellow fever was virtually wiped out in canal areas and the number of deaths caused by the other top disease, malaria, was also reduced significantly. With all these new health measures, the canal area has become one of the healthiest regions in the world. With the leadership of Gorgas, the department of sanitation helped to make the canal construction possible. 55. This passage is mainly about ________. A. the health measures during the construction of the Panama Canal B. the leadership of Gorgas in the construction of the Panama Canal C. the first two years of American control in the Panama Canal D. the process of t he construction of the Panama Canal 56. Led by Gorgas, many departments were set up to do various tasks except _______. A. inspect sanitation C. take charge of hospitals A. remove the grasses and bushes C. destroy mosquitoes 58. The author tells the readers that _______. A. yellow fever and malaria are caused by waters and wetlands B. the wiping out of yellow fever reduced the number of malaria deaths C. the climate in the canal areas was suitable for mosquitoes to grow D. the two-year sanitation work stopped the outbreak of yellow fever C Three Cups of Tea is the true story of our time. In 1993, a young American mountain climber named Greg Mortenson walks into a tiny village high in Pakistan’s beautiful and poor Karakoram Himalaya region. Sick, exhausted, and depressed after failing to climb the summit of K2, Mortenson regains his strength and his will to live due to the generosity of the people of the village of Korphe. Before he leaves, he makes a promise that will completely change both the villagers’ lives and his own—he will return and build them a school. The book describes how Mortenson kept this promise and many more in the high country of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The region is remote and dangerous as a breeding ground (滋生地) for terrorists. In the course of his work, Mortenson was taken p risoner and threatened with death. He suffered from local opposition, deep misunderstandings, jealousy, not to mention dangerous roads and extreme weather. But he believed strongly that balanced, non-extremist education, for boys and girls alike, is the most effective way to fight the violent discrimination that breeds terrorism. Today, Mortenson’s Central Asia Institute has constructed fifty-five schools, and his work continues. Mortenson first approached Karakoram as a climber and he never lost the mountaineer’s B. watch over health matters D. enroll labour force B. establish quarantine equipment D. attend to sick laborers in hospitals

57. What Colonel William C. Gorgas thought most important was to _______.

appreciation for the region’s simple beauty and incredible physical challenges. His coauthor(合著者) David Oliver Relin skillfully described high-altitude landscapes. Gradually he transformed himself from a poor climber to a director of a helpful institute. In the course of this description, readers come to know Mortenson as a friend, a husband and father, a traveling companion, a son and brother, and also as an imperfect human being. Relin does not shy away from describing the man’s annoying qualities—his impatience, disorganization and sleeplessness. But Mortenson never asks others to make sacrifices that he has not already made himself time and time again. Pakistan and Afghanistan appear in the news as the breeding grounds of terrorist training camps. In Three Cups of Tea, Mortenson and Relin take readers behind the headlines to reveal the true heart and soul of this region and to show how one man’s promise might be enough to change the world. 59. Greg Mortenson promised to build a school for the villagers of Korphe to _________. A. show admiration for the region’s beauty C. remember his physical challenges A. both boys and girls should be fairly educated B. people there must suffer a lot from terrorist attacks C. people there have to deal with opposition and misunderstandings D. education is the best way to fight discrimination that leads to terrorism 61. The passage seems to think that the coauthor David Oliver Relin is ________. A. straightforward and honest C. good at describing a character A. reveal the breeding grounds of terrorism B. share the true beauty of the region C. show the great power of one’s promise D. inspire others to make sacrifices D Can Apes Really Learn To “Talk” Who are Sarah, Washoe, Koko, and Sherman? They are chimpanzees or gorillas who some scientists claim have learned how to “talk” to humans. In the past several years people have been astonished by reports that they communicate with humans. For example, Koko, a female gorilla, is said to understand and use hundreds of words. Koko, says her trainer, Francine Patterson, can carry on conversations in sign language about her feelings and plans. Researcher Talks Back Recently a Columbia University scientist caused an argument by challenging the conclusion that apes can in fact use language. The scientist, Dr. Herbert Terrace, thinks that the animals do not use language the way humans do. Dr. Terrace has caused such strong feelings among scientists studying ape language. Here let’s listen to an imaginary conversation between Washoe, the first chimp to learn sign language, and Koko, the gorilla. Apes Are Talking B. unhappy with Greg’s behaviours D. embarrassed to admit Greg’s mistake B. show appreciation for their generosity D. promote his strength and will to live

60. Greg Mortenson has devoted so much to building schools because he believes that ________.

62. The writing purpose of the book Three Cups of Tea is to _______.

Koko: Did you hear what Dr. Terrace said about us? He claims we cannot create our own sentences. Instead, he says, we react to clues accidentally given by our trainer. He says we are like the famous horse Clever Hans. Hans was supposed to be able to solve arithmetic problems and then stamp out the answers with his hoof(蹄子). If the horse was asked what two plus two was, he would stamp four times. Although the trainer did not realized it, says Dr. Terrace, the horse was picking up clues from the trainer as to when to stop stamping. Washoe: I disagree with Dr. Terrace. My trainer, Dr. R. Allen Gardner and his wife, Beatrice, have seen me talking in sign language to other chimps. Koko: I heard that Dr. Terrace became unimpressed with ape language after studying a chimp named Nim. Dr. Terrace found that Nim usually made signs only after being prompted (提示) by his trainer. Yet when children learn a language, they start using many words on their own. Nim usually did not do this. Even when Nim did use additional signs, he did not add any new information. The signs (words) were repeated over and over again. Washoe: My trainer says that Nim wasn’t given much of a chance to act on his own. He had so many different trainers, he became confused. That is not the best way to get chimps to communicate. Koko: I’ll never understand humans. But the big question is: Can we really use language? Koko and Washoe (together): We’ll never tell. 63. How do scientists who study ape language respond to Dr. Herbert Terrace’ idea according to the 2nd part? A. Enthusiastic. B. Confused. C. Angry. D. Sympathetic. 64. Which of the following is a match according to the passage? A. Dr. Herbert Terrace and Koko. C. Clever Hans and Sherman. 65. Dr. Herbert Terrace suspects that _________. A. Nim added new information while using additional signs B. Clever Hans picked up clues accidentally given by its trainer C. Washoe didn’t pick up any clues from its trainer when talking D. when a child learns a language, he starts using many words on his own 66. Which of the following is a fact according to the passage? A. Nim had more than one trainer. B. Apes can’t create their own language. C. The apes are supposed to form sentences. D. Clever Hans is supposed to solve math problems. E In a world where comparisons happen non-stop, it is difficult to look outside yourself and to ever be content with who you are. There's always someone who's a bit better. The only solution is to reach inside and measure against what Warren Buffett calls your own inner yardstick. There is no more accurate measure for comparison than who you were yesterday, last week or last decade, when you were at your best. B. Dr. R. Allen Garners and Washoe. D. Francine Patterson and Nim.

Nothing useful ever comes from comparison to others. Either you see yourself as better than someone and you get lazy, or you see someone else as better than you and you feel like all your hard work is for nothing. It is a fool's game. None of us are inherently above or below the person next to us. We are who we are. Not one of us is exactly alike. The only direct and honest comparison is within yourself. Everything else is apples to oranges.[来源:Zxxk.Com] My opinion is that you are only allowed to compare yourself to someone else if their life situation is the same as your own. Good luck finding that match. And one thing is for sure. No matter how hard you work and how dedicated you are, there will always be someone who can run a little faster, jump a little higher, score a little better or look a little nicer in a swimsuit. And if there's not, you can bet someone is coming up fast behind you. So how can you always win in life? Become your best competitor. The following are the reasons why you are your own best competitor. 1. You will always be motivated. Having an image of your most recent past limits is the perfect thing to push you to the next level. If you ran 7 flights of stairs yesterday, then do 8 today. Who cares if the guy next to you did 15? It doesn't make a bit of difference. You are a more fit person today than you were yesterday. Your own progress is all you need. 2. You will continuously be your personal best. If you commit to a slightly higher standard of yourself every day, you will always be at the top of your game. And that game will only get better. But if for some reason you fall off your mark, you will always have the past image of your best performance to show you what you're capable of. Once you've done it, you know what's possible and then it's just a matter of doing it again. 67. Through the passage the writer advises the readers to ________. A. avoid comparison with others C. pay attention to others’ progress A. see yourself better than others C. compare with yourself B. work much harder D. make full use of motivation B. measure accurately [来源:学§科§网]

68. If you want to be content with yourself, according to the author, you should ________. D. be honest with yourself

69. Which of the following is certain to happen according to the author? A. Finding someone else who is in the same life situation as you are. B. Finding someone who runs faster and jumps higher than you. C. Finding someone who is hiding right behind you. D. Finding someone who almost always wins in their life. 70. What can help you up to higher level in your life according to the passage? A. Comparing yourself with the guy next to you. B. Thinking about your own progress. C. Promising to play a game every day.[来源:学科网] D. Thinking of your most recent past limits.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下列各小题,根据括号内的汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答 案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 71. So _______________________ (地震发生得如此突然) that no one managed to escape from their collapsing houses. (occur) 72. _______________________ (天气真好) it is! Let’s go for an outing today. (weather) 73. It is said that the new model car _______________________ (快两倍) than the old one. (run) 74. It was not until the baby girl was sound asleep ____ ___________________ (父母才有时间) to deal with their personal affairs. (have) 75. _______________________ (无论我怎么努力), my parents never seem to be satisfied with my work. (try) 76. By the time the police conclude the investigation, the truth of the murder _____________________ (会水落石出). (light) 77. The point I want to make is _______________________ (做一名志愿者) is rewarding, for it not only helps others, but also opens up opportunities for young people. (be) 78. I am occupied now. I’d rather the meeting _______________________ (明天开). (hold) 79. _______________________ (得知所发生的), the man fell in deep thought, staring vacantly into space. (inform) 80. The plane may be several hours late, _______________________ (那样的话) there’s no point in our waiting. (case)

第二节:短文写作 (共一题;满分 25 分) Is This A Good Phenomenon? As thousands of high school students continue to search for university places, an increasing number of school leavers are choosing not to go to university and go straight into work. John is one of the many. He managed to get a job at a department store six months ago. He explains why he decided to give up the chance. "When I left school I was thinking about going to university but I didn't really want to go, so I've been full-time for about six months," he said. 这是英国《泰晤士报》的网站上一个名叫 Career and Jobs 的论坛里的一个话题。请你在论 坛上就此现象发言,表明你的观点并陈述理由。 注意:字数 100 左右; 不用写标题。

[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]

2011 届湖北省八校第一次联考 英语参考答案

1-20: BCACA 21-30: AACDA 31-50: BABCD

ABBCB BCBAA ADBCD

AABBB ACABD

ACBBA ABADC

51-70: BDACA DCDBD ACCBB AACBD 71. suddenly/ abruptly did the earthquake occur (未用倒装扣 1.5 分;副词写错或时态错误扣半 分) 72. What fine/ wonderful weather (What 或 weather 写错扣 1.5 分;加了不定冠词 a 或形容词错 误扣半分) 73. runs/ can run twice/ two times faster/ more quickly (run 时态或人称错误扣半分; 倍数比较法 错误扣 1.5 分) 74. that her parents had (the)time (没有写 that 扣 1.5 分;时态错误扣 1.5 分;其他错误扣半 分) 75. No matter how hard I try/ However hard I try(No matter how hard 或 however hard 写错扣 1.5 分;其他错误扣半分;如写成 Hard as I may try 或 Try hard as I would 等句型,仅表示转折 关系“虽然我努力了”,而未表达出让步关系“无论……”,所以不能给满分,扣半分) 76. will have come to light/ will have been brought to light (light 误用冠词或复数扣半分;其他 错误扣 1.5 分) 77. that being a volunteer/ that to be a volunteer (没有写 that 扣 1.5 分;冠词错误扣半分) 78. was held tomorrow (was held 错了扣 1.5 分;其他错误扣半分) 79. (When he was) Informed of/ about what/ the thing that (had) happened (Having been informed 扣半分;介词错误扣半分;happen 时态错误扣半分;what 或 that 连词错误导致句子结构错 误的扣 1.5 分) 80. in which case/and in this case (任何错误扣 1.5 分) Sample writing I think this is a good phenomenon. Firstly, university is not suitable for everyone. High intelligence is what it takes to study at university. If you are not lucky enough to be born smart, university is apparently not the place for you. However hard you try, working towards a career which you are not good at will not get you anywhere. Secondly, interests and talents play a vital role in your success of career and happiness of life. Having explored your talents and found out where your real interests lie, you should follow them, which will surely help you achieve your goal of life. To conclude, university is not the only way to success. What counts is to know yourself and follow what feels right.


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