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吉林省梅河口一中2018_2019学年高三英语上学期期末考试试题

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22. Too much exercise can be A. good 23. Sports can B. enough .

for us. C. bad D. helpful

2018-2019 学年上学期高三期末考试 英
注意 事项:

A. help people to know each other C. do us nothing but good if we are careful 24. Which of the following is NOT true?

B. improve friendship between people D. All of the above



A. Sports can help us relax after work or study. 1. 答 题 前 , 先 将 自 己 的 姓 名 、 准 考 证 号 填 写 在 试 题 卷 和 答 题 卡 上 , 并 将 准 考 证 号 条 形 B. Sports can only make us healthy physically. 码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型 A 后的方框涂黑。 C. Sometimes we may hurt other players or ourselves when participating in sports 2. 选择题的作答: 每小题选出答案后, 用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑, activities. 写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。 D. Basketball and volleyball are both collective sports. 3. 非 选 择 题 的 作 答 : 用 签 字 笔 直 接 答 在 答 题 卡 上 对 应 的 答 题 区 域 内 。 写 在 试 题 卷 、 草 B 稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。 Many United States companies have made the search for legal protection from import 4. 考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。 competition into a major line of work. Since 1980, the United States International Trade 第Ⅰ 卷 第一 部分 听力 (共两节,满 分 30 分) ( 略 ) 第二 部分 阅读 理解(共两节 ,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项( A 、 B 、 C 和 D )中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Sports can help us a lot. Taking exercises can make us strong. In collective(集体的) sports like basketball, volleyball or football, we will learn the importance of cooperation(合作). And sports can also help us relax after work or study. However, as the saying goes, “there are two sides of everything.” Sometimes we may hurt other players or ourselves if we are not careful enough when participating(参加) in sports activities. What’s more, too much or hard practice can be bad for our health. Sports can make us healthy both physically and psychologically(心理地). It is also a good way for people to know each other and can improve friendship between people. So long as we are careful enough, sports can do us nothing but good. 21. A. Sleeping can make us strong. B. Singing C. Making friends D. Taking exercise Commission(ITC) has received about 280 complaints alleging damage from imports that benefit from subsidies( 补贴 )by foreign governments. Another 340 charge that foreign companies “dumped” their products in the United States at “less than fair value”. Even when no unfair practices are claimed, the simple claim that an industry has been injured by imports is sufficient grounds to seek relief(救济). Contrary to the general impression, this request for import relief has hurt more companies than it has helped. As corporations begin to function globally, they develop a complicated web of marketing, production, and research relationships. The complexity of these relationships makes it unlikely that a system of import relief laws will meet the strategic needs of all the units under the same parent company. Internationalization increases the danger that foreign companies will use import relief laws against the very companies the laws were designed to protect. Suppose a United States-owned company establishes an overseas plant to manufacture a product while its competitor makes the same product in the United States. If the competitor can prove injury from the imports——and that the United States company received a subsidy from a foreign government to build its plant abroad——the United States company’s products will be uncompetitive in the United States, since they would be subject to duties. Perhaps the most shameful case occurred when the ITC investigated allegations(控诉)
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that Canadian companies were injuring the United States salt industry by dumping rock salt, used to deice roads. The bizarre aspect of the complaint was that a foreign conglomerate(联 合企业) with United States operations was crying for help against a United States company with foreign operations. The “United States” company claiming injury was a unit of a Dutch conglomerate, while the “Canadian” companies included a unit of a Chicago firm that was the second-largest domestic producer of rock salt. 25. The passage is chiefly concerned with .

and safe place. They also served as bases of operation for attacks. In this way castles served both defensive and offensive roles. Besides, castles served as offices for governors. Those that were socially beneath the governor would come to report affairs and express their respect. They would address problems, handle business, feast, and enjoy festivities in castles. So castles served as social centers as well. The first castles were made from earth and wood, and they were likely to suffer from attacks by fire. Then wooden castles were gradually replaced by stone, which greatly increased the strength of these towers and walls. However, attackers could throw flaming objects into castles through the windows or burn the wooden doors. This led to moving the windows and entrances off of the ground floor and up to the first floor to make them more difficult to access. During the Middle Ages, attacks increased in regularity, so castle defenses were updated. Arrow-slits were added. They were small holes in the castle, which allowed defenders to fire without being hurt. Towers were built from which defenders could provide fire on both sides. The towers were connected to the castle by wooden bridges, so that if one tower fell, the rest of the castle was still easy to defend. A lot of rings of castle walls were constructed, so that even if attackers went past one wall, they would be caught on a killing

A. arguing against the increased internationalization of US corporations B. recommending a uniform method for handling claims of unfair trade practices C. warning that the application of laws affecting trade frequently has unintended consequences D. advocating the use of trade restrictions for “dumped” products but not for other imports 26. What can be inferred about the minimal basis for a complaint to the ITC? A. A foreign competitor is selling products in the US at less than fair market value. B. A foreign competitor has greatly increased the volume of products shipped to the US. C. The company requesting import relief has been banned from exporting products. D. The company requesting import relief has been injured by the sale of imports in the US. 27. Which of the following is most likely to be true of US trade laws? A. They will eliminate the practice of “dumping” products in the US. B. Those applied to international companies will help to gain more profits. C. They will affect US trade with Canada more negatively than trade with other nations. D. Those helping one unit within a parent company won’t necessarily help other units. C Palaces are known for their beauty and splendor, but they offer little protection against attacks. It is easy to defend a large building, but usually these buildings are not designed with the comfort of a king in mind. When it comes to structures that are both beautiful and defensive, the European castle is a big success. Castles were originally built in England by the Normans in 1066. They built towers and walls to secure the land they had taken. These castles provided the Normans with a quiet

ground between inner and outer walls. All of these increased the defense of castles. The end of castles can be attributed to gunpowder. During the 15th century, artillery, a kind of large guns, became powerful enough to break through stone walls. This greatly made the role of castles less effective. Though castles no longer serve their original purposes, remaining castles receive millions of visitors each year who wish to experience the situations of ancient times. 28. What was the original function of castles according to the passage? A. They served as tourist attractions. B. They were important social centers. C. They marked religious ceremonies. D. They were built for use in emergencies. 29. The reason why wooden castles were replaced by stone castles was that A. stone castles cost less money B. stone castles offered better defense C. wooden castles were uncomfortable
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D. wooden castles took a long time to build 30. Which of the following showed an improvement in castle defenses? A. Castles were totally separated by stones. B. Arrow-slits were made in large quantities. C. Rings of walls were built to defend the towers. D. Windows and entrances were moved to the higher floor. 31. What is the best title of the passage? A. Fancy Living: Learning about Castles B. Normans: Bringing Castles to England C. A History of Castles: The Rise and Fall of Castles D. Defending Castles: Technologies Used to Defend Castles D A schoolgirl saved her father’s life by kicking him in the chest after he suffered a serious allergic reaction which stopped his heart. Izzy, nine, restarted father Colm’s heart by stamping(踩) on his chest after he fell down at home and stopped breathing. Izzy’s mother, Debbie, immediately called 999, but Izzy knew doctors would never arrive in time to save her father, so decided to use CPR. However, she quickly discovered her arms weren’t strong enough, so she stamped on her father’s chest instead. Debbie then took over with some more conventional chest compressions until the ambulance arrived. Izzy, who has been given a bravery award by her school, said: “I just kicked him really hard. My mum taught me CPR but I knew I wasn’t strong enough to use hands. I was quite scared. The doctor said I might as well be a doctor or a nurse. My mum said that Dad was going to hospital with a big footprint on his chest.” “She’s a little star,” said Debbie. “I was really upset, but Izzy just took over. I just can’t believe what she did. I really think all children should be taught first aid. Izzy did CPR, then the doctor turned up. Colm had to have more treatment on the way to the hospital and we’ve got to see an expert.” Truck driver Colm, 35, suffered a mystery allergic reaction on Saturday and was taken to hospital, but was sent home only for it to happen again the next day. The second attack

was so serious that his airway swelled, preventing him from breathing, his blood pressure dropped suddenly, and his heart stopped for a moment. He has now made a full recovery from his suffering. 32. Izzy kicked her father in the chest _________. A. to express her helplessness C. to restart his heart B. to practise CPR on him D. to keep him awake

33. What’s the right order of the events? ①Izzy kicked Colm. ②Debbie called 999. ③Izzy learned CPR. ④Colm’s heart stopped. A. ③①②④ C. ④③①② B. ④②③① D. ③④②①

34. What does Paragraph 8 mainly talk about? A. What caused Colm’s allergy. C. What Colm suffered. 35. Why does the author write the news? A. To report a 9-year-old girl’s brave act. C. To describe a serious accident. allergic reaction. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多 余选项。 Kids love to go online. There is so much to explore and learn. 36 The answer to D. B. To prove the importance of CPR. To call people’s attention to B. Colm’s present condition. D. Symptoms of Colm’s allergic reaction.

the question is as difficult as determining at what age a child can be left at home by themselves, since all children are different. Here are some questions to ask yourself to determine what is right for your child. 37 Of course when you are trying to determine if you can let him or her go online, your child has probably already said, “I’m ready; I can handle it.” But are they? would they handle the material if they ran across it by accident? 39
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38

How

Does your child question other people’s actions? Do they easily believe anything that is presented to them? It is an important question to ask to determine if your child is ready to go online alone. Have you taught them what the dangers are? 40 . Have you explained to them that there are people out there that might want to do them harm? It is a dangerous world out there. If you are going to let them wander around in the online world, they need to be prepared for what they might see or run into. A. You may be thinking this is a strange question to ask yourself. B. Is your child easy to cheat? C. There are a lot of dangers online. D. Are they ready to go online by themselves? E. Is your child skilled in using a computer? F. Unfortunately there is a lot of unpleasant material online. G. At what age should you allow your child to go online alone? 第三 部分 英语 知识运用(共 两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

“It’s chest.”

55

, but just making that decision

56

to lift a heavy load off my

“When I got home, I rushed into the house to tell my wife what I was going to do. She was already in ___57 , but I woke her up anyway. She catapulted(弹射) out and 59 58

me, and for the first time in our married life she saw me cry. We drinking coffee and talking. It was 41. A. matter 42. A. volunteer conclude 43. A. concerned 44. A. familiar content 45. A. assignment enquiry 46. A. therefore 47. A. popular 48. A. idea B. besides B. annoying B. desire B. asking B. defeat C. however C. personal C. voice C. persuading B. instruction B. curious B. angry C. moved C. strict 60 .” C. manner C. accept

half the night

B. step B. behave

D. case D.

D. upset D.

C. explanation

D.

D. thus D. painful D. message D. telling D.

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项( A 、 B 、 C 和 D )中,选出可以填入空白 49. A. showing 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 50. A. disagreement At the beginning of our next class, I asked if someone wanted to share what happened emergency when they told someone they loved them. As was usually the of the women to quite 43 41 , I fully expected one 51. A. enjoyed 42 , but on this evening one of the men raised his hand. He appeared regretted and a bit shaken. 52. A. collections He began by saying, “Dennis, I was quite this 44 with you last week when you gave us gatherings 45 . I didn’t feel that I had anyone to say those words to, and 46 , who were 53. A. finally you to tell me to do something that is 47 ? But as I began driving home a(n) 49 48 deep delightedly down in my heart started talking to me. It was me that I knew exactly who I needed 54. A. convinced to say ‘I love you’ to. You see, five years ago, my father and I had a cruel really never resolved it since that time. We had to at Christmas or other family 51 50 and answered seeing each other unless we totally 55. A. possible 52 . But even then, we 54 53 spoke to each other. 56. A. meant So, last Tuesday by the time I got home I had I loved him.” 58. A. blamed B. injured C. hugged D. knocked
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C. challenge

B. avoided

C. tried

D.

B. occasions

C. associations

D.

B. hardly

C. willingly

D.

B. advised

C. taught

D.

B. severe B. sought B. relief

C. strange C. intended C. place

D. normal D. seemed D. trouble

myself I was going to tell my father 57. A. bed

59. A. made up 60. A. private

B. stayed up B. modest 第 II 卷

C. called up C. subjective

D. got up D. great Dear Peter, How is everything going? I would like to express my thanks with your kindness during my stay in London last week. Know that you take a great fancy to Chinese culture, especial

第三 部分 第二节

英 语知识运用( 共两节,满 分 45 分) 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

the Spring Festival, I would love to introduce it to you. The Spring Festival, one of the most important festival in China, falls on January 1st in the lunar calendar. It has a long history, where was originally celebrated to drive away a monster “Nian”. Different that in the past, it is now given new meanings. On the New Year’s Eve, each family have its members gather together. They tell each other their lives in the past year, exchange gifts and to eat delicious meals in the warm of the family. I hope you will come here and experienced this wonderful festival. Yours, Li Hua 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容( 1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Jonny: Hey! I’m just practicing Tai Chi(太极). Would you like to join me? Peter: I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny: It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter: OK. Don’t laugh 61 me. I may look funny.

Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and 62 (soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your

balance and don’t let your body shake. Peter: I cannot control my body well. My legs become Jonny: Keep 64 63 (pain). 假设你是李华,明天就是你的生日了,而且高考很快就要到了,你有很多话想对父母说。请你 (hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and 以书信的形式按照以下要点给父母写一封信。 flexibility. Raise your leg and let 65 stay in the air for seconds. 词数:100-120 Peter: I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. 写作要点:1.感恩父母;2.对父母的期望;3.自己学习、人生的打算。 Jonny: Be patient! Tai Chi 66 (call) “shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act Dear Mom and Dad, like water: to be flexible as well 67 strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi Tomorrow is my birthday and the annual college entrance examination is around the corner. master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. On this special day, The you! ______________________________________________________________________________________ 第四 部分 第一节 写 作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 短文改错( 10 分) ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 68 (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls ______________________________________________________________________________________

文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两 处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

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9.warm 改为 warmth 2018-2019 学年上学期高三期末考试测试卷 英 语答 案 第Ⅰ 卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) (略) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 21-24 DCDB 25-27 CDD 28-31 BBDC 32-35 CDCA 10.experienced 改为 experience 第二节 书面表达 (满 25 分) Dear Mom and Dad, Tomorrow is my birthday and the annual college entrance examination is around the corner. On this special occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you. Through those years of my growing up, I always feel grateful to you for your unselfish help, care and love for me. Thanks to your constant encouragement, I have been making remarkable progress in my studies. It will be less than three months before I take the College Entrance Examination, which makes me under great pressure. So I need your frequent support and timely help. Besides, I would like to talk more with you so that I will be always in a good state to study every day. Mom and Dad, I am fully aware of the responsibilities I am bearing. I plan to make a 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) detailed study schedule so that I can review lessons and practice solving problems of 41. D 51. D I am quite confident of my future life and I do wish you good health and a happy life. 第 II 卷 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61. at 62. softly 67. as 63. painful 64. holding 65. it 68. harder 69. if 70. Breath Yours, Li Hua B 42. A 52. D 43. C 53. B 44. B 54. A 45. A 55. C 46. B 56. D 47. C 57. A 48. C 58. C 49. D 59. B 50. A different subjects. It is also necessary for me to do some physical training so that I can 60. keep fit. If possible, I will also help do some housework.

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 36. G 第三部分 37. D 38. F 39. B 40. C

英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分)

66. is called

第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

1.with 改为 for 2.Know 改为 Knowing 3.especial 改为 especially 4.festival 改为 festivals 5.where 改为 which 6.Different 后加 from 7.have 改为 has 8.删去第七行的 to