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2017-2018学年高中英语 Unit 3 Science versus nature课时跟踪练(三) Word power, Grammar and usage

课时跟踪练(三)
Ⅰ.单词拼写

Word power, Grammar and usage & Task
一、全练语言点,基稳才能楼高

1.I've known him for years, and I trust his judgement (判断). 2.The following is a summary (总结) of our conclusions. 3.According to the survey conducted (实施) by this university, only 18% are for the idea. 4.To be frank, I will choose teaching as my profession (职业) in the future. 5.We have a tight schedule for your brief (短时间的) visit. I hope you don't mind. 6. She originally (最初) thought of donating all of her organs to save others' lives, but failed to do it because of her serious illness. 7.The majority (多数) of students were in favour of the suggestion that they (should) go out for a picnic the next Sunday. 8.Having taken the matter into consideration (仔细考虑) many times, we decided not to buy such an expensive car. Ⅱ.单句改错 1.My greatest dream is to become a profession football player in the future. profession→professi onal 2 . Lin Dan inspired many young people to follow in his footstep. ootstep→footsteps 3 . I shall make my own judgement of this matter when I see the result. of→on/about 4. A man is being questioned in relation with the attempted murder last night. with→to 5 . Some families are very poor to send their children to school. very→too Ⅲ.选词填空 take ... into consideration,in brief,put ... in place,follow in the footsteps of ..., get burnt out 1.Don't worry. I have put everything in place. 2.Don't work so hard, or you will get burnt out. 3.She works in education, following in the footsteps of her father.
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4.Taking everything into consideration, the event was a great success. 5.We should, in brief, invest heavily in digital systems. Ⅳ.串点成篇微表达 信不信由你,科学家 Robert Lanza 和他的助手们成功地克隆了一个成年人细胞。 在他看来(judgement),他们会把很多因素考虑(consideration) 在内,以确保他们的 科学成果能被用来治疗更多的疾病。简而言之(brief),他渴望年轻的科学家们能追随 他的脚步(follow in one's footsteps)来做更多的与克隆有关的(in relation to) 工 作。他总是投身于人类克隆工作。与其说他有抱负不如说(more ...than ...)他疯狂。 即使他年老得不能 (too ...to ...) 再继续他的事业了,他还是希望在他累垮 (get burnt out)之前完成他的大部分(majority)工作。 Believe it or not, the scientist Robert Lanza and his assistants have successfully cloned an adult cell. In his judgement, they will take many factors into consideration to make sure that their scientific achievements can be used to cure more diseases. In brief, he desires the younger scientists to follow in his footsteps to do more work in relation to cloning. He is always devoting himself to the human cloning work. He is more crazy than ambitious. Even if he is too old to keep on his career, he also hopes to complete the majority of his work before he gets burnt out. 二、勤练高考题型,多练自能生巧 Ⅰ.阅读理解 Sir John, a British scientist who won last year's Nobel Prize for medicine, said he had predicted at the time of his frog experiments that the successful cloning of a mammal would happen within 50 years, and that “maybe the same answer is appropriate” for the step to human cloning. Parents who lost children in accidents may be able to clone “copies” to replace them then. Although any attempt to clone an entire human would raise complex moral issues,the biologist claimed people would soon overcome their concerns if the technique became medically useful. Cloning was regarded with extreme doubts when it was first developed but became widely accepted after the birth of Louise Brown, the first “test tube baby”.He said,“When my first frog experiments were done, an American reporter asked how long it will be before these things can be done in mammals or humans. I said,‘Well, it could be anywhere between 10 years and 100 years — how about 50 years?’ It turned out that it wasn't far

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off the mark as far as Dolly was concerned. Maybe the same answer is appropriate.” Sir John added that cloning a human being effectively means making an identical twin,and doctors would therefore simply be “copying what nature has already produced”. The average vote on allowing parents of deceased children, who are no longer fertile (能生育的), to create another using the mother's eggs and skin cells from the first child, thinking the technique was safe and effective, is 60 per cent in favor. The reasons for “no” are usually that the new child would feel they were some sort of a replacement for something. 语篇解读:本文是一篇科普说明文。主要介绍了克隆人类或在未来 50 年内变成现实。

1.Sir John predicted the human cloning would be a reality in _______ at most. A.100 years C.50 years B.60 years D.10 years

解析:选 C 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“the successful cloning of a mammal would happen within 50 years,and that ‘maybe the same answer is appropriate’ for the step to human cloning”可知,克隆人类或在未来 50 年内变成现实。故选 C。 2.According to the text, which statement is NOT true? A.Louise Brown is the first “test tube baby”. B.Human cloning is still a controversial topic. C.Sir John is positive about the future of human cloning. D.Human cloning is creating something that didn't exist before. 解析:选 D 推理判断题。根据第二段第二句中可知,Louise Brown 是第一个试管 婴儿,所以 A 项表述正确;根据第二段第一句中可知,克隆人类仍然是一个存在争议的 话题,所以 B 项表述正确;根据第二段 Sir John 所说的话可知,他对未来克隆人类的 发展是肯定的,所以 C 项表述正确。根据第二段最后一句可知,克隆人类是复制已存在 的人类,所以 D 项不正确。故选 D。 3.The underlined word “identical” probably means A.same C.new 解析:选 A B.special D.clear 词义猜测题。根据本句中的“copying what nature has already .

produced”可知,identical 意为“相同的,同样的”。故选 A。 4.What does the text mainly talk about?
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A.The life of Sir John. B.Prediction on human cloning. C.Views on human cloning. D.Achievements in human cloning. 解析:选 B 主旨大意题。纵观全文可知,Sir John 预测克隆人类或在未来 50 年 内变成现实,所以整篇文章在说明对克隆人类的预测。故选 B。 Ⅱ.语法填空 A man who was out of work applied for the position of “office boy” at a big firm. The HR manager __1__ (interview) him, then a test: clean the floor. “You are hired,” he said, “Give me your email address, and I'll send you the __2__ (apply) to fill.” The man replied, “I don't have a computer, __3__ an email.” “I'm sorry, ” said the HR manager, “that means you do not exist. And anyone __4__ Doesn't exist cannot have the job.” The man left __5__ no hope at all. He didn't know what to do, with only $10 in his pocket. He then decided to go to the supermarket and buy a 10kg tomato crate. He then sold the tomatoes in a door to door round. In less than two hours, he __6__ (success) in doubling his capital (资本). He repeated it 3 times, and returned home with $60. Five years later, the man is one of the __7__ (big) food retailers (零售 商) in the US. He started to plan his family's future, and decided to have a life insurance. He called an insurance broker(保险经纪人), and chose a __8__ (protect) plan. When the conversation was concluded, the broker asked him his email. The man replied, “I don't have an email.” The broker replied __9__ (curious), “You don't have an email, and yet __10__ (establish) an empire! Do you imagine what you could have been if you had an email?” The man thought for a while, and replied. “An office boy!” 答 案 : 1.interviewed 2.application 3.neither/nor/or 4 . who 5.with

6.succeeded 7.biggest 8.protection 9.curiously 10.have established

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