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高中英语 Unit 2 Heroes past simple & past continuous课件 北师大版必修1_图文

objective
To use Past Simple and Past Continuous appropriately.

1. The surface of the spaceship was glowing red when it came back into the earth’s atmosphere. 2. Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely. 3. When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got a feeling of soaring into the sky … 4. We were driving along a country lane when suddenly a car drove past us.

to test your sense of observation to test your ability of short-term memory to test your ability to highlight the language points

Fill in the blanks. 1. The surface of the spaceship was glowing red when it _____ came (come) back into the earth’s atmosphere. 2. Millions of people all over China ______________ were watching (watch) TV when the spaceship landed safely. 3. When the spaceship separated from got (get) a feeling the rocket, I suddenly ____ of soaring into the sky … were driving (drive) along a country 4. We ___________ lane when suddenly a car drove past us.

1. When I saw Mr. Kan, he __________. A. is working B. worked C. was working 2. You had a good time at school, ______ you? A. hadn't B. didn't C. weren't 3. __________ when the telephone rang? A. Were you sleeping B. Did you sleep C. Were sleeping

4. When __________ yesterday morning? A . you got up B. did you get up C. were you getting up 5. While I __________ to work, I saw an accident. A. Drove B. was driving C. did drive 6. Mr. Kan, when __________ the blog on the Web? A. were you begin B. began C. did you begin

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和 练习对本课的语法内容有了一 定的了解,下面就让我们根据 之前练习的考察情况进一步选

择讲解该语法项的重难点。

Past Simple
基本结构: 主语 + 动词过去式 + 其他 否定形式: ① was / were + not ② 在行为动词前加didn’t,同时还原行 为动词 一般疑问句: Did + 主语 + do + 其他 Past Continuous 基本结构: was / were + V-ing 否定形式: was / were not + V-ing 疑问句: was / were + 主语 + V-ing

Past Simple 1. 一般过去时主要用来表示在特定过 去时间中一次完成的动作或一度存 在的状态。 e.g. We had a party last week. 一般过去时常用的状语有yesterday, last night, two days ago, at that time 或since从句等。

1) 一般过去时所表示的动作或状态都已 成为过去,现已不复存在。 e.g. He lived in Shanghai for 20 years, but now he lives in Beijing. (现已不在上海了) He has lived in Shanghai for 2 years. (可能还在上海) 2) 一般过去时还可用于虚拟语气中的非真 实的动作或状态,常用于特定句型中表示 现在和将来时间。 e.g. I wish you lived closer to us. --- Can I smoke here? --- I’d rather you didn’t.

Past Continuous
2. 过去进行时主要表示过去某时正进 行的动作。 e.g. I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.

1) 过去进行时也可与always; constantly; continually; for ever; all the time等状语 连用表示感情色彩。 He was making trouble all the time. 2) 过去进行时在一定上下文中也可表示按 照计划安排即将发生的过去将来时态。 The summer vacation was drawing near, but nobody knew where they were going for the holiday. 3) 过去进行时与一般过去时的用法比较: a: I was reading a novel yesterday. (未读完) I read a novel yesterday. (已读完) b: He was working all through the night. (过去进行时侧重动作的持续时间)

注意 a. 一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或 存在的状态(包括过去习惯的动作)常与 一般过去时连用的时间状语有just now, a moment ago, yesterday, last week (month, year), the day before yesterday,及 表示过去的时间状语从句。 1. He worked in a factory in 1986. 2. He often swam in the river when he was young. 3. I met her in the street the day before yesterday.

b. 过去进行时表示过去某一段时间或某一 时刻正在进行的动作。常与之连用的时间 状语有:at that moment, at + 点时间, when引导的状语从句。 1. What were you doing at seven o’clock yesterday? 2. I first met Mary three years ago. She was working at a radio shop at that time. 3. I was cooking when she knocked at the door.

c. 当两者同时出现在句中时,通常是表示 持续时间较短的动作用一般过去时,表 示持续时间较长的动作用过去进行时。

1. I broke a glass while I was cooking the dinner. 2. The pupils were talking noisily when the teacher stepped in.

Look at the pictures. Then read and answer the questions.

Pat was in the bathroom with a hairdryer in her hand when she heard a crash. She looked out of the window and decided to call an ambulance.
a) What was Pat doing when she heard the crash? She was drying her hair.

b) What did Pat do when she looked out of the window?
she called an ambulance.

Jennifer was in the kitchen, with her hands in a bowl of flour, when she saw a small boy climb into a truck. She ran out of the house and took him out.
a) What was Jennifer doing when she saw the boy? She was baking a cake. b) What was the boy doing when Jennifer saw him? He was climbing into a truck. c) What did Jennifer do when she ran out of the house?

She took the boy out of the truck.

注:另附 word文档, 点此链接

I. Multiple choice 1. The athlete’s years of hard training ___ when she finally won the Olympic gold medal. (2012 安徽) A. went on B. got through C. paid off D. ended up 2. After school we went to the reading-room to do some reading, only to be told that it . (2012 安徽) A. was decorated B. had decorated C. had been decorating D. was being decorated

3. —Have you heard about that fire in the market? — Yes, fortunately no one _____. (2012 北京) A.hurt B. was hurt C. has hurt D. had been hurt 4. I had been working on math for the whole afternoon and the numbers _______ before my eyes. (2012 全国) A. swim B. swum C. swam D. had swum

5. —What about your self drive trip yesterday? —Tiring! The road is being widened, and we a rough ride. (2013江苏) A.had B. have C. would have D. have had 6. I’m calling about the apartment you____ the other day. Could you tell me more about it? (2013 安徽) A. advertised B. had advertised C. are advertising D. will advertise

II. Translation 1. Lots of medicine and foods were 1. 许多医药和食品被迅速运送到地震灾区。 transported to where the earthquake happened. 2. 昨天下午,我看见他们在打篮球。 I saw they were playing football yesterday afternoon. 3. 我昨天在街上遇到了 Tom 。 3. I met Tom on the street yesterday.
4. 4. 很久以前,鸟类和兽类发生过一场战 Long long ago, there was a war between the birds and the beasts. 争。 5. I was cooking when she knocked 5. 她敲门时我正在做饭。 at the door.

Grammar Focus

1.一般过去时的结构及用法 主语 + 动词过去式 + 其他 一般过去时主要用来表示在特定过去 时间中完成的动作或存在的状态 2. 过去进行时的结构及用法 was / were + V-ing 过去进行时主要表示过去某时正进 行的动作

1. Do the exercises on P66 &P67. 2. Learn the words in Lesson 3 by heart. 3. Preview the text for its main idea. 4. Mark the sentences that you feel difficult to understand. 5. Search the Internet for some information about the sports hero you admire, and try to prepare to talk about them in class.