当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高中英语语法填空解题技巧


高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法

考纲解读

1.选材:200词左右,话题贴近生活。 2.命题形式:纯空格形式(3-4个),有提示词的 (6-7个)。 3.考查内容:考生在篇章中综合运用语法知识的 能力。 4.考点设置:词法、句法和逻辑关系方面的知识。 5.分值分配:共10小题,满分15分。 6.建议用时:8-10mins

语法填空

时态,语态——主谓一致 动词

非谓语动词:V-ing,V-ed,to d 名词:单复数 6-7空 (有提示词)形容词/副词:比较级、最高级 (不多于三个单词) 词性转换 连词:and, but, or,when … 逻辑关 10空 引导词(名词性从句,定语从句):who, tha 代词:it, they,him, our, themselves… 句意及固定短语搭配 3-4空 介词:in, on, to, for… (无提示词)冠词: a/an, the 泛指还是特指 (只能填一个单词)连接性副词:however, therefore…
情态动词,强调助动词(do)等

? 一读 ? 二填 ? 三检查

(一)有提示词的语法填空的解题 技巧
词类转换题要先确定所要填的词在句中的成 分。

技巧1:作表语(系动词后)、定语(n前)或补语, 通常用形容词。

silent ? [例1] The youngster immediately fell ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. dangerous(danger) part of the sea ? [例2] In a __________ off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to… ? [例3] Teachers must try their best to make most of their students __________ interested (interest) in the subject.

技巧2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语, 用名词形式。

? [例4] When China’s ancient scientific and achievements (achieve) technological ______________ are mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. ? [例5] …instructors expect students to be familiar with _______________ (inform) in information the reading…

技巧3:在形容词性物主代词后, 或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后,用名词形式。

? [例6] With the large numbers of students, operation (operate) of the system the ________ does involve a certain amount of activity. ? [例7] Here are some of my ___________ suggestions (suggest) for you.

技巧4:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子, 作状语,用副词形式。

seriously [例8] There must be something ____ (serious) wrong with our society. ? [例9] Singles are flocking(涌向) to the mainly (main) because their Internet 33 busy lifestyles leave them little time… [例10] ____ ()

技巧5:词义转换题。词类不一定要变,可能是考查 具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需根据句子意思及前后 逻辑关系,在词根前加un-, im-,il-, ir-,in-, non-, dis-等否 定前缀,或在词根后加-less等后缀。

? [例10] People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is: no knowledge useless (use). is ________ ? [例11] Your mistake caused a lot of unnecessary ___________ (necessary) work in the office.

技巧6:括号中所给词为动词时,要分析句子成分, 判断空格处是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。

(一)如果句中没有谓语,或者虽然已有谓 语动词,但需填的词与已存在谓语主语一致, 且中间有并列或转折连词时,需填的词则是 谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态,时态考虑要 瞻前顾后,同时还要兼顾主谓一致,虚拟语 气。

例2. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined closed her invitation, _________(close) my book and walked away. 谓语
谓语 谓语

例8. The young student did all that he could to pass (pass)the examinations. ______

巩固练习
1. I was delighted and was about to accept her go proposal when she suggested we first [38]____ (go) to the West Lake and walk along the Broken Bridge. had left 2. Peter ___________ (leave) for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him. 3. I have to go to work by taxi because my car is being repaired(repair) at the garage. _____________ paid 4. I went down there, ________ (pay) my penny and got a receipt.

(二) :若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓 语时,那么就是非谓语动词。此时需确定用 to do(将来,目的), doing(主动,进行) ,还是 done(被动,完成)。非谓语动词的形式一定 要考虑它与其逻辑主语之间 的关系。 (1) The city has already had homes, stores, and offices ________ (build) on the Mediterranean Sea built (2) A very strong wind blew into my room. My valuable notes, lying on my desk in the room, ________ flew (fly) high into the air.
谓语 非谓语 非谓语 谓语

注意:括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词 的时态语态或非谓语动词,有可能考词类转换;若 是形容词或副词,有可能考查其比较级或最高级。

[例12]…there was a lot of information about the attraction city’s well-known tourist__________ (attract)… [例13]The other frog went on jumping as hard harder as he could…He jumped even ____ (hard) and finally made himself out.

例4. The man removed the bags, without ________ (hesitate). hesitation

例5. Nobody knows what would have happened _____________________(happen) if she had refused to pay.
例6. His fear of failure kept him from classroom games that other children played __________(play) with joyous abandon.

例7. ……The happiest (happy) of people don’t necessarily (necessary)have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that comes _______(come) along their way. 例8. …….The country life he was used to ____________ has changed(change )greatly since the opening policy.

词类转化题巩固练习
? 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]___________(rude). rudely worst (bad) gift choices I had ever ? 2.One of the [33]________ made was for my high school English teacher… Unfortunately (fortunate), I then noticed that I ? 3.[39]____________ had just only 10 minutes left ...! ? 4.It was his [32]______ ninth (nine) year of school and his academic career seemed to be in ruins, so I was angry. ? 5.As far as I am concerned, my [37]____________ suggestion (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook. ? 6.It would be unbelievable ___________ (believe) that such an honest man should have betrayed his friends.

His teacher took a deep drink,smiled warmly ____ (warm),and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. But Jane knew from past experience that her choice(choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her ______ father. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in natural (nature) course. their ____

(二)无提示词的语法填空的解题 技巧
1. 若两句(一个主谓关系算一个句子)之间设 空一定是填连接词
①It’s also a good idea to take notes of emotions related towhat ____ you eat.

if the earth ②This was very strange ____ was the centre of the solar system and all planets went round it.

②Finally, there was a sudden pull at

a fish was caught. the pole and _____

2. 若两个或几个单词或短语之间是空格 可能是填连词 ①Each winner receives a gold medal, a diploma, ____ and a sum of money.

②Write down everything you eat and ____ drink in a given day.

③Teachers sometimes spend much time talking about students to their parents but little time actually talking to _____ students themselves. ④John Snow suspected that the second but he needed evidence. theory was correct ____

3.缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词或名词(多考代词)
①Suddenly the wall moved---______ it was made of trees! ②This strategy suggests that teachers have conversations with students to learn about them _____.

4. 若在名词前设空,一般填冠词或形容词性物 主代词 ①It’s also a good idea to take notes of emotions related towhat ____ you eat.

if the earth ②This was very strange ____ was the centre of the solar system and all planets went round it.

纯空格试题
③Teachers should take advantage of the many methodswhich/that ________ can help them learn about their students. ④Then he returned to Russia to work with who worked on his father and mother, _____ explosive weapons. ⑤Many people said he was a bad person because __________he invented destructive weapons.

例3. Nobody knows what would have happened _____________________(happen) if she had refused to pay.
例4. His fear of failure kept him from classroom games that other children played __________(play) with joyous abandon.

语法填空解题技巧(“由大到小”



1、通读全文、了解大意、把握特征、弄清文脉。 2、巧用已知,连线画图、降低难度、铺平道路。 3、理解句意、分析结构、大胆猜测、各个击破 。 4、重读全篇、仔细核查、语法正确、语意贯通。

5、拼写正确、书写规范、大小写准确(注意三写)。

1.Shopping at this time of the year was not ______ a pleasant experience. 2. we try our best, we will achieve our goals If sooner or later. 3. He was always kind to others and willing to help an them, d it moved them deeply. which He was always kind to others and willing to help them, moved them deeply.

-------------------------------------

归纳总结

1.给出动词

谓语动 词:

时态/语态/主谓一 致

有 提 示 词
2.词性转换

非谓语动 doing/ done/ to do 词:
名词:单复数 形容 修饰名词 词: 副词:修饰动词、形容词、副词、 句子 形容词、副 词: 比较级、最高级及反 义词

homework

Many students may feel ____1___(stress) because of their parents. Most parents have good intentions, ____2___some of them aren’t very helpful with the problem their sons and daughters have in ____3___(adjust) to college, and a few of them seem to go out of their way to add to their children’s ___4____(difficult). For one thing, parents are often not aware of the kinds of problems their children face. They don’t realize that the ___5____(compete) is stronger, that the required standards of work are ___6____(high), and that their children may not be prepared for ___7____change. They may be upset by their children’s poor grades. At their kindest, they may ___8____(gentle) ask why John or Mary isn’t doing better, whether he or she is trying as hard as he or she should, and so on. At their worst, they may threaten ____9___(take) their children out of college or cut off living expenses. Sometimes parents think it right and natural that they determine ___10____their children do with their lives. They forget that everyone is different and that each person must develop in his or her own way. 2. 3. 4. 5.

? 1.

归纳总结:从句子结构考虑,如果空格前后都
有句子,则要 根据上下文的逻辑关系,选择适 当的副词或连词。 And, but, so, or, neither, 并列连词 while等

连词
从属连词
定从、状从、宾从、表 从等从句引导词 However, therefore,then moreover, yet等

常用副词

有提示词 -------------------------------------时态

谓语动词

语态 主位一致

给出动词
非谓语动词

Doing (主动/进行) Done (被动/完成) to do (目的/将来)

Practice Makes Perfect!

? 学习建议:
? ? ? ? 不断记忆,积累词汇 夯实基础,学好语法 大声朗读,培养语感 坚持不懈,多做练习

总结提升

解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依

据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性

通读全文,理解大意

语法填空解题技巧(“由大到小”



1、通读全文、了解大意、把握特征、弄清文脉。 2、巧用已知,连线画图、降低难度、铺平道路。 3、理解句意、分析结构、大胆猜测、各个击破 。 4、重读全篇、仔细核查、语法正确、语意贯通。

5、拼写正确、书写规范、大小写准确(注意三写)。

三个解题步骤:
一、通读全文,了解大意,为下一步填空做好准备。 二、试填空格,先易后难,这是解题的关键。要结合短 文所提供的特定的语境(也就是上下文),从句子结构 的完整性去分析思考空格所缺单词的词性,再根据句子 的意义,以及句子之间的逻辑关系来确定具体要填的单 词和所给词的正确形式。

三、重读全文,解决难题,检查答案。所有空格填 好后,要把整篇文章从头至尾复读一遍,检查单词 拼写,大小写,词的单复数等是否正确。

Thank you !
Success ahead!


相关文章:
高中英语语法填空解题技巧与能力的培养
高中英语语法填空解题技巧与能力的培养 - 龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn 高中英语语法填空解题技巧与能力的培养 作者:刘登霞 来源:《校园英语· 中旬》...
高考英语语法填空题解题技巧与方法
高考英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语语法填空技巧与方法解题策略与技巧 1. 通读全文,把握大意。 既然是通过语篇在语境中考...
高考英语语法填空解题技巧
高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧 ¤题型解读: 一篇 200 字左右的短文或对话 5-7 个空白根据给出单词的正确形式填空 3-5 个根据上下文填写...
语法填空解题技巧
语法填空解题技巧 - 语法填空解题归纳 掌握句子的基本结构 首先,我们必须熟练掌握简单句的基本句型结构: (1)主语+谓语(+宾语+宾补) (2)主语+系动词+表语 其次...
高三英语语法填空之动词解题技巧
高三英语语法填空之动词解题技巧 - 高三英语语法填空之动词解题技巧 首先,判断填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词,按照以下三点。 一、 若句子没有别的谓语动词或是...
高中英语语法填空技巧讲解篇_图文
高中英语语法填空技巧讲解篇 - 按设题类型分为三类情况: (1)纯空格试题的解题技巧。 首先,分析句子结构,确定填哪类词。然后,再根据句子的意思,确定具体填什么词...
高考英语语法填空题解题技巧
高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧 陕西省子洲县子洲中学 曹海荣 语法填空题是在一篇 200 词左右的语言材料中留出 10 个空白, 每空 1.5...
英语语法填空解题技巧与方法
英语语法填空解题技巧与方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。英语语法填空解题技巧与方法 1. 通读全文,把握大意。既然是通过语篇在语境中考语法,那么,我们在解题前,应快速...
2017高考英语语法填空题解题技巧
2017 全国高考英语新题型语法填空解题技巧 Instructor: Adam 语法填空解密(基础篇)语法填空只有十个空, 加上还没有选项,那么语法填空要考察的东西会比较 有限,...
高考英语语法填空解题技巧
高考英语语法填空解题技巧 - 高考英语语法填空解题技巧 2014 上海高考英语学科改革,推出语法填空新题型.这种题型能全面检测学生在英语词汇、语法,甚 至是句法上的运用...
更多相关标签: