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高考英语语法填空解题方法与技巧


高考英语语法填空解题方法与技巧(II)
(唐智为, 2016. 3. 10.) 一.考点分析 1.每一个空格的设置都必定涉及到某一条或某几条语法规则,不会单纯考查单词的拼 写和词组的用法。 【例 1】The reason ______ I was sad was that he didn’t understand me. 2.考虑语境。要理解整个句子的意思或各分句之间的逻辑关系,或者需要理解前后几个 句子,甚至整个段落或篇章。 【例 2】It would be _____(believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends! 3.考点分散。 基本上一个空格代表一个语法点, 因此, 重复考查某项语法的可能性较小, 填词相同的空格几乎没有可能。 4.适当提示。 涉及到动词的时态, 语态、 非谓语动词、 词类转换等需要词形变换的空格, 要紧扣上下文的信息提示。 【例 3】Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year,____(reach) a record $57.65 a barrel on April 4. 二.解题技巧 1. 纯空格题的解题技巧。 首先,分析句子结构,确定填哪类词;然后,根据句子意思确定填什么词或根据两句间 的逻辑关系,确定用什么样的关联词。具体有以下七种技巧: 技巧 1:缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词或名词(代词考的更多) 。 【例 1】I can send a message, and _____ gets to my friend in almost a second. 技巧 2:名词前若没有限定词(冠词,形容词性物主代词,不定代词等) ,很可能要填限 定词。 【例 2】 …the villagersexamined my car and pulled it to_____ small town 20 kilometers away. 技巧 3:句子不缺主语、表语,动词后不缺宾语的情况下,名词或代词前面常填介词。 【例 3】I felt so touched because they regarded me _____ a member of their family. 技巧 4:若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能填连词。 【例 4】 …these paintings by two world-famous artists,Pablo Picasso _____ CandidoPortinarni, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 5:若两句之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词或从属连词。 【例 5】I wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the two days _____ I was too busy with my business. 技巧 6:若结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是原形,特别是与上下文的时态不一致时,很 可能是填情态动词。 【例 6】What he told me was thatI _____ think carefully before any further plan. 技巧 7 :由特殊的句式结构来判断空格应填的词。这些特殊句式有:强调句式 (It is/was…that)、it 用作形式主语或形式宾语、so/such…that…句型和 more…than…等。 【例 7】…and _____ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’t eat beef! 【例 8】 This program also makes _____ easy to avoid someone when you are not interested in. 【例 9】This made the goat so angry _____ it began hitting the donkey. 2.给出动词填空的解题技巧。

技巧 8:若句中没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列 关系时,所给动词就是谓语动词;若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态。 【例 10】He _______ (pretend)that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. 【例 11】In Logan, three people _______ (take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic. 技巧 9:若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非 谓语动词就要确定用-ing 形式、-ed 形式,还是用不定式形式。 【例 12】_________ (complete) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 【例 13】I got on the bus and found a seat near the back,and then I noticed a man ______ (sit) at the front. 【例 14】The headmaster went into the lab, ______ (follow) by the foreign guests. 五.实战演练 A (2015· 新课标全国卷 I· 语法填空) Yangshuo,China It was raining lightly when I 61.__________(arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 62.__________, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63.__________(it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain. I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64.__________ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65.__________(painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66.__________ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city. Yangshuo 67.__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68.__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69.__________(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70.__________(live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong. B (2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ· 语法填空) Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix? In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland,Ohio.It61____ (be)unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up.The river was so polluted that it 62______ (actual)caught fire and burned.Now,years later,this river is one of 63 most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. But the river wasn’t changed in a few days 64 even a few months.It took years of work 65 (reduce)the industrial pollution and clean the water.Finally,that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is 66 (clean)than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation.Maybe you have a habit 67 is driving your family crazy.Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use.When you face such an impossible situation,don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately? While there are 68 (amaze)stories of instant transformation,for most of us the 69._____ (change)are gradual and require a lot of effort and work,like cleaning up a polluted river.Just be 70 (patience)


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