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2014高考英语不规则动词变化时态变化表


英语不规则动词变化时态变化表

1. A---B---C 型(现在式,过去式和过去分词都不相同)

(1)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母 "i"分别为"a"(过去式)和 "u"( 过去 分词). begin began begun 开始 ring rang rung 按铃 sing sang sung 唱 sink sank sunk 沉 swim swam swum 游泳 drink drank drunk 饮

(2)在动词原形后加-n 或-en 构成过去分词. eat ate eaten 吃 fall fell fallen 落下 give gave given 给 take took taken 拿 grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道 see saw seen 看见 drive drove driven 驾驶
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throw threw thrown 抛,扔 blow blew blown 吹 draw drew drawn 拉,绘画 show showed shown 展示 write wrote written 写 ride rode ridden 骑

(3)过去式加-n 或-en 构成过去分词. speak spoke spoken 说话 break broke broken 破碎,折断 wake waked/ woke waked/ woken 醒 choose chose chosen 选择 forget forgot forgotten 忘记 steal stole stolen 偷 freeze froze frozen 冻结

A ---B ---B 型 (过去式和过去分词相同)

(1) pay paid paid 付 lay laid laid 下蛋
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say said said 说 bring brought brought 带来 buy bought bought 买 think thought thought 想 sleep slept slept 睡 keep kept kept 保持 sweep swept swept 扫 stand stood stood 站 understand understood understood 明白 win won won 得胜 shine shone/shined shone/shined 发光 catch caught caught 抓住 teach taught taught 教 feel felt felt 觉得 fight fought fought 战斗 find found found 发现 get got got 得到 hang hanged/ hung hanged/ hung 绞死,挂 have had had 有 hold held held 盛,握 leave left left 离开 make made made 制造
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meet met met 遇见 sell sold sold 卖 shoot shot shot 射击 tell told told 告诉 smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻 sit sat sat 坐 dig dug dug 挖

(2)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母 d 或 t 构成过去式或过去分词. burn burnt burnt 燃烧 learn learned/learnt learned/learnt 学习 mean meant meant 意思 hear heard heard 听见

(3)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母 "d"改为"t" 构成过去式或过去分 词. build built built 建筑 lend lent lent 借给 lose lost lost 失去 send sent sent 送 spend spent spent 花费

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3. A---A---A 型(现在式, 过去式和过去分词同形)

cost cost cost 花费 cut cut cut 割,切 hit hit hit 打 let let let 让 put put put 放下 read read read 读 hurt hurt hurt 伤 shut shut shut

4. A---A---B 型(现在式和过去式同形)

beat beat beaten 打

5. A---B---A 型(现在式和过去分词同形)

come came come 来 become became become 变 run ran run 跑

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6. 其他不规则动词的变化.

be(am, is) was/ were been 是 be(are) were been 是 do did done 做 go went gone 去 lie lay lain 躺 wear wore worn 穿 fly flew flown 飞

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