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高二英语精品学案:Unit2 Witnessing time-Grammar(牛津译林版模块9)

M 9 Unit 2

Grammar 导学案

学习目标:掌握分词的用法 一:课前预习 1 分词也是一种限定动词,分为_________ 和___________. 形式为_________和_______. 2 分词的用法:,它保留着动词的若干特征,又具有形容词、副词的特征。分词有时态和语态 变化,又带有宾语并能被状语修饰。分词在句中主要作_________________________。 3 分词的形式 语态:_________和__________. 时态为_______ 和___________ . 二:课中学习 Task 1 :画出句中的分词并判断分词在句中的成分。 1 The book borrowed from the library is not very interesting . ___________ 2 Singing in the trees, the birds seemed very happy. ___________ 3The careful driver drove the car with the door closed tightly. ____________ 4 Being a student,I must study hard.. ____________ 5 We saw the teacher making the experiement ____________ 6 The guest having left,he began to take a short rest. ____________ 7 The excited people rushed into the building. ____________ 8 We had the fire burning all day. ____________ Task 2 Rewrite the following sentences with proper participle claues. 1 We stood on the top of the hill and had a wonderful view of the city. _____________________________________, we had a wonderful view of the city. 2 Because I had not finished my homework, I decided to stay in the classroom. ___________________________________, I decided to stay in the classroom 3 If you work hard ,you will catch up with your classmates. ________________, you will catch up with your classmates. 4. In our city, there are many broad roads which are lined with all kinds of trees. In our city, there are many broad roads,____________________________________. 5. If the trees are taken better care of , they will grow better. _______________________________, they will grow better. 6.We should concentrate on our studies while we are at school, so we can equip ourselves with knowledge. __________________________________, we can equip ourselves with knowledge. 7 If the weather permits, all the students will go out for a picnic. ______________________, all the students will go out for a picnic. 8 When we are dressed in our school uniforms,all of us feel a sense of pride. _______________________, all of us feel a sense of pride. 三 课后检测 1. the program, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 2. When first to the market , these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced 3. The disc, digitally in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night. A. recorded B. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded 4. The flowers sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt

5. The flu is believed by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. A. causing B. being caused C. to be caused D. to have caused 6. in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home. A. To wait B. Have waited C. Having waited D. To have waited 7.My advisor encouraged a summer course to improve my writing skills . A. for me taking B. me taking C. for me to take D. me to take 8. Don’t leave the water while you brush your teeth. A. run B. running C. being run D. to run 9. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time the exam. A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing 10. The news reporters hurried to the airport , only the film stars had left. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 11. I’ve never seen anyone run so fast ---David go . A. just watch B. just to watch C. just watching D. just having watched 12. Mrs. Smith warned her daughter after drinking. A. never to drive B. to never drive C. never driving D. never drive 13. Little Jim should love to the theater this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 14. Charles Babbage is generally considered the first computer. A. to have invented B. inventing C. to invent D. having invented 15.Rather than on a crowded bus, he always prefers a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride ; riding 16. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him . A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 17.The patient was warned oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating 18. When I handed the report to John, he said that George was the person . A. to send B. for sending it C. to send it to D. for sending it to 19. I would love to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone 20. Robert is said abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying 21. The purpose of new technique is to make life easier , it more difficult. A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make 22. ---Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day ? --enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up. A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. To be getting 23. Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears everything. A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D. to have been told 24. With a lot of difficult problems , the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled 25. I would appreciate back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you’re calling 26. How about the two of us a walk down the garden ? A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking 27. He now regrets harder when he was at school . A. not study B. not studied C. not studying D. not to study 28. Once your business becomes international, constantly will be part of your life. A. you fly B. your flight C. flight D. flying 29. --- What do you think made Mary so upset ? --her new bicycle.

A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing 30. Mr. Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to some schools for poor children . A. set up B. setting up C. have set up D. having set up 31 . the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president’s attending 32. The discovery of new evidence led to . A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 33. The secretary worked late into the night, a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 34. The salesman scolded the girl caught and let her off. A. to have stolen B. to be stealing C. to steal D. stealing 35. a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 36. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door “ Sorry to miss you; will call later.” A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading 37. Will those the children from abroad come the headmaster ’s office ? A. teaching B. teach C. who teaches D. who teaching 38. He sent me an E-mail, to get further information. A. hoped B. hoping C. to hope D. hope 39. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked 40.--- Good morning ! Can I help you ? --- I’d like to have the package , madam. A. be weighed B. to be weighed C. to weigh D. weighed 41. Most of the artists to the party were from South America. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 42. The murderer was brought in, with his hands behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 43. They now have a good government , by all the people. A. having supported B. supporting C. supported D. to be supported 44. If you go to Xi’an, you’ll find the palaces more magnificent than commonly . A. supposing B. supposed C. to suppose D. suppose 45. in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose 46. If the same treatment again, he is sure to get well. A. giving B. give C. given D. being given 47. Cleaning women in big cities usually get by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 48. the general state of his health , it may take him a while to recover from the operation. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given 49.. All the preparations for the task , and we are ready to start. A. completed B. complete c. had been completed D. have been completed 50. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see the next year. A. carried out B. carrying out C. carry out D. to carry out 51. in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding 52. As we joined the big crowd I got from my friends. A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed 53. The research is so designed that once nothing can be done to change it.

A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 54. It’s necessary to be prepared for a job interview. __________ the answers ready will be of great help. A. To have had B. Having had C. Have D. Having 55.I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise __________. A. going on B. goes on C. went on D. to go on 56. He glanced over at her, ______ that though she was tiny, she seemed very well put together. A. noting B. noted C. to note D. having noted 57. He hurried to the station only ______ that the train had left. A. to find B. finding C. found D. to have found 58. ______from other continents for millions of years ,Australia has many plants and animals not found in any other country in the world. A.Being separated B.Having separated C.Having been separated D.To be separated 59. __ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 60. ________ in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police A. Having lost B. Lost C. Being lost D. Losing 61. ________ and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor ’s help to end her life. A.Having given up hope of cure B.With no hope for cure C.There being hope for cure D.In the hope of cure 62. The manager, _______ it clear to us that he didn’t agree with us, left the meeting room. A.who has made B.having made C.made D.making 63. While watching television, __________. A.the doorbell rang B.the doorbell rings C.we heard the doorbell ring D.we heard the doorbell rings 64.“You can’t catch me!” Janet shouted, __________ away. A.run B.running C.to run D.ran 65.The storm left , __________ a lot of damage to this area . A.caused B.to have caused C.to cause D.having caused 66. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk _______ the good opportunity. A. to lose B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost 67.______ into use in April 2000, the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns. A. Put B. Putting C. Having put D. Being put 78. I don't want _______like I' m speaking ill of anybody, but the manager' s plan is unfair. A. to sound B. to be sounded C. sounding D. to have sounded 69. I really can't understand ______ her like that. A. you treat B. you to treat C. why treat D. you treating 70. --- Can the project be finished as planned ? --- Sure, it completed in time, we’ll work two more hours a day. A. having got B. to get C. getting D. get

Keys: 1-5 CBABC 6-10 CDBDB 11-15 DAAAC 16-20 ACCBA 21-25 BCDCC 26-30 CCDCB 31-35 DCBDC 36-40 DABBD 41-45 ADCBC 46-50 CCADA 51-55 CADDA 56-60 AACAB 61-65 BBCBD 66-70 BAADB M 9 Unit 2 Project The imperial tombs 一 课前预习 Task Read the passage and decide which ones are true,which ones are false. 1 No attention has been given to preservation of the Ming and Qing Tombs.

2.All of the tombs have suffered some damage. 3.Dongling has been under the protection of the state government. 4.Xiaoling hasn’t been restored. 5.The deadline for completing restoration of Changling and Zhaoling have been set. 6.International recognition isn’t part and parcel of preserving and restoring historical sites. 7.We need to take the responsibility to treasure and protect these monuments 1F 2T 3T 4F 5T 6F 7T 二 课中学习 1 be equal to 和. . .相等/平等;能胜任 He doesn’t seem equal to meeting our demands.他似乎不太符合我们的要求。 She is equal to her brother as far as intelligence is concerned. 2 in good condition /in no condition/in poor condition The ship is in no condition to make a long voyage.此船状况不适远航。 He is in no condition to travel.他身体状况不宜旅行。 (2) 条件 on condition that 条件是…… You can go out on condition that you wear an overcoat. on no condition 决不 ;一点也不 You must on no condition tell him what happened. (3) conditions 环境,情况 poor working/living conditions under existing conditions 在现有的情况下 3 far from sth/doing sth 一点也不,远非 You account is far from true. The problem is far fron easy. 4 sb be said/believed to do sth /to be doing sth/to have done sth 5 It sits about 100 km to the west of Beijing in Yixian,Hebei Province. =It sits about 100 km west of Beijing in Yixian,Hebei Province. 三 课后检测 根据课文内容在表格内的空白处填入适当的单词(一空一词) 。

The Imperial Tombs
The Ming and Qing Imperial Tombs are among the most impressive cultural remains to be found anywhere, __(1)_____are equal to the pyramids in Egypt. The Ming Imperial Tombs ●Most of the Ming Tombs are (2)________in Shisanling, northwest of Beijing. ●The Sacred way leads to the thirteen tombs, which is __(3)______with many trees, _(4)_____some pines trees. ●Changling is the largest and best preserved of the thirteen tombs and the Ling ’en Palace is famousfor its simple design and painted ceiling. ● Besides Shisanling, the most famous Ming Tomb is Xiaoling, located in the suburbs of Nanjing,___(5)_____ the tomb of the first Ming emperor.

The Qing Imperial Tombs

●The Qing Tombs are_(6)_______to the Ming Tombs in terms of architecture and their choice of site. ●Dingling, located in Hebei Province, contains the first imperial tombs of the Manchu rulers.

● Xiling,____(7)___other Ming and Qing tombs, has three broad stone gates and it contains the tombs of four Qing emperors. Preservation and ____(8)______ of the tombs All tombs have suffered great damage. So the government has begun to __(9)____ these sites. Serious attention has been given to the preservation of these tombs. We need to take the responsibility to __(10)______and protect these monuments.

1 which 2 located 3 lined 4 including 5 containing 6 similar 7 unlike 8 recognition 9 protect 10 treasure


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