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最新-高中英语 Unit 1《Festival around the world》教案2 新人教版必修3 精品

Unit 1 Festival around the world

Part 1 Teaching Design

第一部分 教学设计

Period 2 A sample lesson plan for Learning about Language

(Modal verbs: may/ might, can/ could, will/ would, shall/ should, must/ can’t)

Introduction In this period students will be first helped by the teacher to discover and learn to use some useful words and expressions, and then to discover and learn to use the following useful structures: may/ might, can/ could, will/ would, shall/ should, must/ can’t. The following steps of teaching may be taken: Warming up ,Learning about grammar and Closing down by doing a quiz.

Objectives

To help students learn about Modal verbs

To help students discover and learn to use some useful words and expressions To help students di scover and learn to use some useful structures

Procedures

1. Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions Turn to page 4 and do exercises No. 1, 2 and 3. Check your answers against your classmates’.

2. Reading and finding Turn to page 1 and read the text of FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS. As you read, find o ut examples of may/ might, can/ could, will/ would, shall/ should, must/ can used in the sentences. 3. Doing exercises No. 1, 2 and 3 on page 5 Turn to page 5 and do the exercises No. 1, 2 and 3 in groups of four. 4. Study the uses of Modal verbs Next we go on to make a careful study of all the modal verbs. (用原版) Modals Words like can, will, may, must, and a few others are called modals. Modal auxiliary verbs help other verbs express a meaning or an idea. Some common uses of the mod als are these: Ability: He can speak English now. He couldn’t speak English a year ago. I’m not able to come to the game on Friday. Permission: All passengers may now board. We can board now. Obligation: You must fasten your seat belts. (strong) You should pay attention. (weak) You out to pay attention. Possibility: It may rain. How could I forget an import thing like that? He can’t /must have known the result. Meanings similar to those of the modals can often be conveyed by real verb form s: He has to is able to is allowed to is supposed to speak English. =…must… =…can… =…may… =…should…

ability, less used than can (be) able to e.g. I’m not able to come to the game on Friday. can

ability e.g. Can you play the piano?

asking for and giving permission e.g. “Mom, can I go the cinema tonight?” “No, you can’t. You have homework to do” offer e.g. Can I help you? request, instruction e.g. Can you switch on the light for me? capability e.g. The summers in England can be really unpredictable. with be to make criticisms e.g. Susan can be a real pa in in the neck at times. can’t ability e.g. I can’t come to the game on Friday. when you feel sure something is not possible (opposite of must) e.g. The tennis match ca n’t be over yet. (I’m sure it isn’t). could possibility or uncertainty (can also use might) e.g. He could be the one for you!

request (more polite than can) e.g. Could you switch on the light for me? suggestion e.g. We could go on a picnic this afternoon. asking for and giving permission e.g. “Could I use yo ur phone?” “Yes, of course you can” unwillingness e.g. I couldn’t possibly leave Tom alone while he ’s in this state. with comparative adjectives to express possibility or impossibility e.g. I could be fitter. e.g. He couldn’t study harder. strong advice (less used than should) e.g. You’d better do the washing up now. e.g. I’d better not go out tonight, because I have to get up early tomorrow. may to express although in clauses e.g. I may be married to you, but that doesn’t give you the right to treat me like dirt. possibility or uncertainty (formal) e.g. There may be a cure for AIDS within the next ten years.

had better

asking for and giving permission (less usual, more formal) e.g. “May I use your phone?” “Yes, of course you may” describes the only thing left to do, something which the speaker is no t enthusiastic about e.g. I’m so bored, I may as well do some housework. might possibility or uncertainty e.g. There might be a cure for AIDS within the next ten years. unreal situation e.g. If I knew her better, I might invite her to the ball. must when you feel sure something is true (opposite of can’t) e.g. The tennis match must be over by now. (I’m sure it is). necessity, personal feelings e.g. I haven’t spoken to Liz for ages. I must give her a call. order, strong suggestion e.g. You must stop smoking or you’ll get lung cancer. shall certainty or desire (mainly British English) e.g. I shall give up chocolate for Lent. in formal rules and regulations (mainly British Engli sh) e.g. Racism or sexism shall not be tolerated in this building. in questions to ask for instructions and decisions, and to make offers and suggestions (mainly British English) e.g. What shall I do? When shall we come and see you? Shall we go to the cinema this evening?

may as well/might as well

certainty (less usual, mostly British English) shan’t e.g. I shan’t be late for the meeting.

expectation (can use ought to) e.g. If you like Picasso, you should enjoy the exhibition. suggestion, advice, opinion (can use ought to) e.g. You should have more driving lessons before you take the test. when something is not right or as you expect it e.g. The price on this can of beans is wrong. It should say $1.20, not $2.20. criticism (can use ought to) should e.g. You shouldn’t shout at your mother like that. uncertainty e.g. Should I ask her out on a date? should + words of thinking, to make an opinion less direct e.g. I should think he could find a more compatible match. with be and adjectives describing chance, including odd,

strange, typical, natural, interesting, surprised, surprising, funny (=odd) and What a coincidence.
e.g. It’s odd that he should ask you so many personal questions. after in case to emphasise unlikelihood e.g. I’m not going out tonight in case she should call me. If…..should e.g. If Jane should drop by when I am out, tell her to come back later.

polite order or instruction e.g. Applications should be sent by 3
rd

January.

assumption e.g. Oh, that’ll be John on the phone. request (can and could are more common) e.g. Will you go to the shop for me? intention or willingness e.g. “I’ll take gran’s pearls then”. will “You won’t!” “I will!” order e.g. Will you please shut up? insistence e.g. “I won’t clean my room!” “Yes you will!” habits and typical behaviour e.g. Sarah will sit and gaze at the stars all night. criticism e.g. She will drink too much when she goes out. emphatically forbid an action, in response to a will expression won’t e.g. “I’ll take gran’s pearls then”. “You won’t!” “I will!”

refusal e.g. “I won’t clean my room!” “Yes you will!”

request (can and could are more common) e.g. Would you go to the shop for me? would like - offer/invitation e.g. Would you like a cup of tea? would after be, followed by adjectives doubtful, unlikely, to emphasise a tentative action e.g. It’s doubtful that he would be there in time of need. annoying habit, typical of a person e.g. She would ask me for money, wouldn’t she? certainty in a suppressed conditional sentence e.g. I would never agree to that. (even if he asked me) certainty in a suppressed conditional sentence wouldn’t e.g. I wouldn’t agree to that. (even if he asked me.) 5. Closing down by doing a quiz To end the period you are going to take a quiz on modal verbs: can, could, may and might Use one of the modal verbs in brackets to fill each gap:

1

They (can/might)________________ be away for the weekend but I'm not sure.

2

You (may/might)________________ leave now if you wish.

3

(Could/May)________________ you open the window a bit, please?

4

He (can/could)________________ be from Sheffield, judging by his accent.

5

(May/Can)________________ you swim?

6

Listen, please. You (may not/might not)________________ speak during this

exam.

7

They (can't/may not)_______ _________ still be out!

8

You (couldn't/might not)________________ smoke on the bus.

9

With luck, tomorrow (can/could)________________ be a cooler day.

10 You (can/might)________________ be right but I'm going back to check the times.

Keys: 1~5 might, may, Could, could, Can;6~10:may, can’t, couldn’t, could, might
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