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china daily词汇原版


China daily 新闻热点词汇原版

A

"爱国者"导弹 Patriot missile AA 制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch A 股市场 A share market 《阿 Q 正传》 The True Story of Ah Q 奥委会 Olympic Committee 奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul 矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the dwarfs--pick the best out of a mediocre bunch 艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) 爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace 爱心工程` Loving Care Project 爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog. 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week 爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA) 爱国民主人士 patriotic democratic personages 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front 安理会 Security Council 安乐死 euthanasia 安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial. 安全岛 safety strip 安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance 按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

按揭贷款 mortgage loan 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house 按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly 暗箱操作 black case work

B

B to B (B2B) business to business B to C (B2C) business to consumer BP 机 beeper, pager B 超 type-B ultrasonic 《北美自由贸易协定》 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) 《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica 《伯尔尼公约》 (有关保护文学和艺术作品版权的公约) Berne Convention 《不见不散》 Be there or be square. 搬迁户 a relocated unit or household 半拉子工程 uncompleted project 半脱产 a partial sabbatical from work 半边天 half the sky 半成品 semi-manufactured goods; semi-finished products 半决赛 semifinals 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse 巴勒斯坦民族解放运动,简称 FATEH 帮倒忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war 巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization 把握大局 grasp the overall situation 把关 guard a pass

棒球运动记者 scribe 霸权主义 hegemonism 摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty 百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing. 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances 摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance 摆架子 put on airs 包销人 underwriter 拜年 pay New Year call 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers 包车 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house for exclusive use 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash 包干到户 work contracted to households 包工包料 contract for labor and materials 包购包销 exclusive right to purchase and sell 包机 to charter a plane; a chartered plane 拜金主义 money worship 版权法 copyright law 版税率 royalty rate 白马王子 Prince Charming 白领犯罪 white-collar crime 白领工人 white-collar worker 白手起家 starting from scratch 白色行情表 white sheet 白色污染 white pollution

白色农业 "white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)" 白色农业 white agriculture 白雪公主 Snow White 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags 剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off 剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody 斑马线 zebra stripes 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer 贬值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency) 便当 fast food 标书 bidding documents 比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" 比基尼 bikini 比较经济学 comparative economics 表面文章 lip service; surface formality 表演赛 demonstration match 毕业生分配制度 assignment of graduates 表见代理 agency by estoppel 闭门羹 given cold-shoulder 闭关政策 closed-door policy 闭卷 closed-book exam 冰雕 ice sculpture 冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug" 避税 evade tax

逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives 变相涨价 disguised inflation 变相涨价 disguised inflation 蹦迪 disco dancing 蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping 薄利多销 small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales 薄利多销 small profit, large sale volume 保理业务 factoring business 保龄球 bowling 保释 on bail 保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area 保税区 tax-protected zone 保税仓库 bonded warehouse 保质期 guarantee period 保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas 保证金 margins, collateral 保证金帐户 margin account 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate 保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy 保持国有股 keep the State-held shares 保兑银行 confirming bank 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment 保护伞 protective umbrella 保护主义 protectionism 保护关税 protective duty/tariff

保护价格 protective price 保健食品 health-care food 保健按摩 therapeutic massage 报销 apply for reimbursement 报复性关税 retaliatory duty 报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project 报关员 declarant 暴发户 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities) 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up 北约 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank 背投屏幕 rear projection screen 背黑锅 to become a scapegoat 备件 spare parts 被动吸烟 passive smoking; second-hand smoking 奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life 本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches 本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip 本票 cashier's cheque 本本主义 bookishness 笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start. 兵马俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures 边缘知识人 Marginal intellectuals 边缘科学 boundary science 边缘科学 borderline science 边远贫困地区 outlying poverty-stricken areas 边际效益 marginal benefit 边际薪酬 marginal salaries

边际报酬 marginal return 并网发电 combined to the grid 博士生 Ph.D candidate 博士后 post-doctoral 博彩(业) lottery industry 博导 tutor of a Ph.D. student 伯乐 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses) 补缺选举 by-election 补偿贸易 compensatory trade 不买帐 not take it; not go for it 不良贷款 non-performing loan 不眠之夜 white night 不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO) 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. 不以物喜, 不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses 不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency 不正当竞争 unfair competition 不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" 不败记录 clean record, spotless record 不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " 不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. 不分上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result 不管部部长 minister without portfolio 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie 不记名投票 secret ballot 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement

不可再生资源 non-renewable resources 不可抗力 force majeure 布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system 布达拉宫 Potala Palace 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass 步行街 pedestrian street 步步高升 Promoting to a higher position 部长级会议 ministerial meeting

C

禅 dhyana 重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects 《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals 擦网球 net ball 擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball" 层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting 拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition 拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul 菜篮子工程 shopping basket program 采取措施前 ex ante 采取措施后 ex post 采取高姿态 show magnanimity 菜鸟,新手 green hand 茶道 sado 查房 make/go the rounds of the wards 参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs 参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine 差额投票 differentail voting

差额选举 competitive election 差额拨款 balance allocation 参股者 equity participant 参股公司 joint stock company 搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) 产粮大省 granary province 产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " 产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order 产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing 产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies 产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure 产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) 产品结构 product mix 产品科技含量 technological element of a product 草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) 财政收入 fiscal revenue 仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket 沉没成本 sunk cost 城市中年雅皮士 muppie(一批中年专业人士, 附庸风雅, 矫揉造作 cutesification, 崇尚竟品至上 boutiqueification,攀比银行存款 bankification 等摆阔作风,由 middle-aged urban yuppie 缩合而成) 城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning 城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas 承销商 underwriter 承包 contract with

成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized/ technical school for adults 抽杀成功 hit through 成本分摊 sharing costs 成份指数 component index 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan 成组技术 group technology 筹备委员会 preparatory committee 筹划指导委员会 steering committee 筹资 raised capital/proceeds 痴迷者 addict 吃大锅饭 "egalitarian practice of ""everybody eating from the same big pot"" " 吃皇粮 "receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government" 充值卡 rechargeable card 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go 出气筒 punching bag 出风头 show off;in the limelight 出家 pravrajana; cloister 出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports 出口退税率 export rebate rate 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate 出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill 出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry 出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports 出口加工区 export processing zones 出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports 常务理事 executive member of the council 长途电话 distant calls 长线产品 product in excessive supply 长期共 存、互 相监 督 、肝胆 相照、 荣辱 与 共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe "

长二捆 LM-2E 长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta 长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words 超前消费 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption " 超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) 彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force 尘云 dust clouds 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new 此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. 次新股 sub-new stock 从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy 促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy 磁悬浮列车 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " 存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits 存款单 Certificates of Deposits 存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system 粗放式管理 extensive management 粗放经营 extensive operation 传销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing

作者:ahiger 窗口行业 various service trades 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

创建卫生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city 吹风会 (advanced) briefing 春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program 春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival 春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year

D

"东突"恐怖分子 East Turkistan terrorist "豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project (解决争端)调查结果 findings 答谢宴会 return banquet 达标活动 target hitting activities 大满贯 grand slam 大力扣杀 hammer 大路货 staple goods 大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all 大胜 white wash 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" 大卫教 ranch Davidian 大腕 top notch 大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking 呆帐 dead account 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. 大要案 major and serious criminal cases 大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall 打破僵局 break the deadlock

打包贷款 packing credit (loan) 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home 大包干 all-round responsibility system 打白条 issue IOU 大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease 大藏经 Tripitaka 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering 大轰动 blockbuster 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods 打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products 大款 tycoon 打口碟 cracked CD 大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener 大专生 junior college student 大专文凭 associate degree 代职 function in an acting capacity 待业 job-waiting 待岗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" 带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits 带薪假期 paid holiday 点球 penalty kick 盗用公款 embezzlement 德智体美劳 "all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics and labour education " 盗版 VCD pirated VCD 盗打 (电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means 点子公司 consultancy company 电信运营商 telecom operators

电视直销 TV home shopping 电视会议 video conference 电脑迷 mouse potato 电脑盲 computer illiterate 电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number 电话会议 teleconference 电子商务认证 e-business certification 邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) 吊球 drop shot 吊销执照 revoke license 吊带衫 sun-top 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector 第三代移动电话(3G 手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile 第一双打 first pair 第一发球权 first inning 第一发球员 first server 第二上市 secondary listing 第二产业 secondary industry 垫付 "advancement, payment on account" 抵免 offset 单循环制 single round-robin system 单边主义 unilateralism 单刀赴会 start a solo run 党群关系 Party-masses relationship 党政机关 Party and government organizations 捣浆糊 give the runaround 倒爷 profiteer

倒票 speculative reselling of tickets 倒春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring 倒计时 countdown 地球村 global village 地区差异 regional disparity 地市级城市 prefecture-level city 地热资源 geothermal resources 地方保护主义 regional protectionism 地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances 独立董事 independent director 独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise) 多媒体 multimedia 多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) 独生子女 the only child in one's family 多头账户 long account 多种经营 diversified economy 多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power 夺冠 take the crown 多功能性(农业) multifunctionality 端午节 the Dragon Boat Festival 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy 短期债务 floating debt 短期放款 money at call and short notice 断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) 对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ... 对外招商 attract foreign investment 对冲基金 hedge fund 队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband

对讲机 talkie and walkie 杜鲁门主义 Truman Doctrine 钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project 定向培训 training for specific posts 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area 东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) 动迁户 households to be relocated 动感 dynamic 毒枭 drug trafficker

E

(把…当成)耳旁风 Like water off (on) a duck's back 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation 恶性循环 vicious circle 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" 二手房 second-hand house 二元经济 dual economy 二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board 二次创业 start a new undertaking 二级市场 secondary market 二进宫 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)"

F

汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires 《浮士德》 Faust (产品)分销 "subunderwriting, distribution" 封圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" 封杀出局 force out 防伪标志 anti-fake label 访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选) talk-show campaign 封闭式基金 close-ended fund 防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door 防洪工程 flood-prevention project 非商标(非专利)产品 generic products 风险投资 venture capital; risk investment 风险基金 VC funds 风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk 非配额产品 quota-free products 非洲、加勒比和太平洋国家集团(洛美协定) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) 非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) 飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile 飞行药检 spot check 疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) 费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" 放行单 release permit 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs 放高球 lob 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash

分流 reposition of redundant personnel 分税制 system of tax distribution 分业经营 divided operation management 分期付款 installment payment 扶贫 poverty alleviation 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan 发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. Development is the absolute need. 发展不平衡 disparate development 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) 法律硕士 juris master (jm) 法人股 corporate shares 法治国家 a country under the rule of law 法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system 翻两番 quadruple 反倾销措施 anti-dumping measures against … 反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means 反弹道导弹条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government 房权证 property right certificate 房产证 property ownership certificate 房产估价师 real estate evaluator 房管 real estate management 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages

福利彩票 welfare lotteries 福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system 覆盖率 coverage rate 复式住宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent 附加意外险 supplemental accident insurance 个人演唱会 solo concert (公路)隔离带 median (精通电脑和网络的)高手 geek 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist

G

《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune 感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest) 感到不妙 I smell a rat. 干细胞 stem cell 干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels 港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong 港务局 port office; harbor authority 岗位培训 on-the-job training 港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius 改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes 个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business 高清晰度 high definition 高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone 高手 master hand, expert 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness 高难度动作 stunner, stunt 高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue 高产优质 high yield and high quality 高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination 高度自治 high degree of autonomy 高峰 peak time 高峰论坛 summit (forum) 高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road 高级商务师 Certified Business Executive 高科技板块 high-tech sector 高考 (university) entrance examination 各大菜系 major styles of cooking 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability 光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication

广域网 wide area network (WAN) 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 广播电视大学 radio and television university 广告电话直销 direct response advertising 光谷 optical valley 光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" 骨干企业 key enterprise 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market 股票期权 the stock option 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 股份有限公司 limited liability company 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system 归国留学生 returned students 归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones 固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets 挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

H

(吃)皇粮 "public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state " 《红楼梦》 A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone) (农产品国内支持)"黄箱"措施 Amber Box measures (北爱尔兰)皇家警察部队 Royal Ulster Constabulary 好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more

好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster 好球 " ""Strike""" 好事不出门,恶事传千里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " 好出风头的运动员 "exhibitionist, grandstander " 豪赌 unrestrained gambling 鸿门宴 Hongmen banquet--a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited 核销 cancel after verification 核武器数量 Nuclear Arsenal Size 宏观调控 macro-control 核军火库 nuclear arsenal 合理引导消费 guide rational consumption 红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) 红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) 合议庭 collegiate bench 合业经营 combined operation management 和平演变 peaceful evolution 和平共处五项原则: 互相尊重领土完整和主权、互不侵犯、互不干涉内政、平 等互利、和平共处 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence 和气生财 Harmony brings wealth 红包 "(neutral)red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback " 红白喜事 wedding and funeral 红筹股 red chips 和服 Kimono

红股 bonus share 呼啦圈 hu la hoop 后台管理 back-stage management 河道整治 dredging waterway 后防空虚 leave the defense exposed 黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland 黑店 gangster inn 黑客 hacker 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) 海量存储 mass memory 海协会 (ARATS) Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait 海市蜃楼,镜花水月,无稽之谈 a mare’s nest 海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War 海峡交流基金会(海基会) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF) 海关完税价值 customs value 寒带 frigid zone 函授大学 correspondence university 旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park 汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software 航向错误,奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack 航母 aircraft carrier 汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation 火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) 婚外恋 extramarital love 婚介所 matrimonial agency 混业经营 mixed operation/ management 活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn. 混合型卷烟 blended type cigarette

灰色区域措施 Grey area measures 灰色收入 gray income 挥棒 swing 挥棒不中 fan 货币留成制度 currency retention scheme 货币化 monetization 货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation 货到付款 cash on delivery 黄、赌、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " 黄金时段 prime time 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. 护身法宝 amulet 互动广告 interactive advertisement 户主 head of a household 户口簿 residence booklet 户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " 花样游泳 water ballet 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York 华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele 华盖 canopy 滑板车 scooter 坏球 Ball 坏帐 bad account 环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim 环保型技术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" 换手率 turnover rate 换届选举 election at expiration of office terms

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(日本银行主持的)季度短观调查报告 Tankan survey 基因突变 genetic mutation 基因工程 genetic engineering 基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. 基本国情 fundamental realities of the country 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level 基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level 机场建设费 airport construction fee 基础设施 infrastructure construction 基础税率 base tariff level 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products 基地组织 al-Qaeda group 机构投资者 institutional investor 机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) 坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences " 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products 监督部门 watchdog 记者席 press box 记者招待会 press conference 既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) 嘉宾 "distinguished guest, honored guest" 加密 encrypt 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass

加权平均值 weighted average 家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system 减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency 加班 work extra shifts 剪彩 cut the ribbon 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ... 减负 alleviate burdens on sb. 加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization 家族企业 family firm 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products 假小子 tomboy 假释 parole 假日经济 holiday economy 假唱 lip-synch 假动作 "deception, feint" 价格听证会 public price hearings 价格浮动范围 price-float range 计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) 计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning 计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition 绩优股 blue chip 缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling 缉毒队 narcotics squad 吉祥如意 Everything goes well 吉祥物 mascot 吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records) 极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game 集束炸弹 cluster bomb

集束炸弹 cluster bomb 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding 集约经营 intensive operation 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers 技术密集产品 technology-intensive product 技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers 技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange 技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough 技术交底 technical disclosure 技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development 甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions 解困基金 anti-poverty funds 结售汇制度 "the system of exchange, settlement and sales " 解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces 解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts 金融危机 financial crisis 金融电子化 computerize financial services 金融工具 financial instruments 金融自由化 financial liberalization 金税工程 Golden Tax Project 金无足赤,人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect. 金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home 金本位 gold standard 金边债券 gilt-edged bonds 金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra

金降落伞 golden parachute 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people 教务处 dean's office 教学法 pedagogy; teaching method 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education 紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises 紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase 接口 interface 紧追 "cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail" 禁渔期 closed fishing seasons 禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment 节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB 音乐) rhythm blues 近水楼台先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position." 近海渔业 offshore fishery 脚踏实地 be down-to-earth 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence 侥幸球 fluke 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center 戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " 街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise 渐近尾声 draw to a close 建/平仓 open/close a position 江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River 讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating

降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate 降息 reduction of interest 焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan 交钥匙工程 turn-key project 交叉报复 cross retaliation 阶梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom 进修班 class for further studies 进项税 input tax 进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade 进口渗透 import penetration 进口差价税 import variable duties 进口附加税 import surcharge 纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying 就业前培训 pre-job training

居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee 举办城市 host city 举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone 举杯 propose a toast 拒载 refuse to take passengers 君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green 九五攻关 State Key Task 95 局域网 local area network (LAN) 决策性机构 policy-making body 劲射 power shot 京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera 京剧票友 Peking Opera fan 精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics

精品 competitive products 精简机构 streamline government organs 经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system 经常性支出 running expenses 经常性贷款 commercial lending 经常项目顺差 "favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account" 经济林 cash tree 经济师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist 经济失调指数 misery index 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration 经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense 经济担保书 financial guarantee 经济复苏 economic resurgence 经济和技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation) 经济总量 economic aggregate 景泰蓝 cloisonné 境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home 敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics 靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine 具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics 竣工式 completion ceremony 困难职工 the needy

K

(补贴协议)可诉补贴 actionable subsidy 会计电算化 accounting computerization

跨世纪工程 a trans-century project 跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development 跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply 可持续发展 sustainable development 可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development 可转换债券 convertible bond 刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine 快速立法 fast track 快速反应部队 rapid response force 宽限期 grace period 快讯 news flash; flash 宽带网 broadband networks 宽带接入 broadband access 空头支票 "accommodation note, lip service " 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess 扣帽子 put a label on 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease 口头禅 pet phrase 科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project 科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. 科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements 科技含量 technology content 科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation 卡丁车 kart 开门红 to begin well,to make a good start

开小灶 give special favor 开题报告 opening speech; opening report 开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night 开标 bid opening

开放式基金 open-ended fund 开发一代, 储存一代, 预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products 开发公司 development company 开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity 开工典礼 commencement ceremony 开后门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means 坎儿井 karez 看守政府,看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet 看跌/看涨期权 put / call option 康乃馨 carnation 抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools 考研热 the craze for graduate school 烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette 控股公司 "holding company, controlling company" 亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

作者:ahiger L

(行业中的)龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry 旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip 零配件 spare and accessory parts 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game 裸机 bare mobile phone 旅客列车票价 price of passenger train tickets

离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers 篱笆墙 barriers blockage to inter-regional trading 另类音乐,非正统音乐 alternative music 理论联系实际 linking theory with practice 老 少 边 穷 地 区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " 老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché 绿色食品 green food 绿色奥运,科技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games 绿色急救通道 emergency green path 领头羊 bellwether 老油条 wily old bird; old slicker 绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate 劳动合同制 labor contract system 理货公司 tally company 绿化 afforestation 老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise 礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. 礼仪小姐 ritual girl 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" 猎头公司 head-hunting company 留学咨询 consulting on the study abroad 留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope." 劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal) 乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " 临时主教练 caretaker coach

论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense 龙头产品 flagship product 六艺:礼、 乐、 射、 御、 书、 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, 数 arithmetic" 利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery 利好因素 wrinkle 利基 niche 轮值主席 chairman on duty 立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture 联想集团 Legend Group 联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output 联合联络小组 joint liaison group 联合投标 syndicated tender 联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) 联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee) 联合国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) 联合国开发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) 联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises 连续抽烟的人 chain smoker 连带责任 joint liability 垃圾融资 junk financing 垃圾债券 junk bond 拉拉队 cheering squad 拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king" 拉选票 seek a vote 拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon 拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth 拉关系 try to curry favor with

廉政、 勤政、 务实、 高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government " 廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) 廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration 廉洁奉公,以正治国 " (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness " 来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone 蓝牙技术 bluetooth 蓝筹股 blue chips 蓝光光盘 Blu-ray Disc 练摊 to be a vendor 路演 road show 粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies 粮油关系 grain and oil rationing registration 良性循环 virtuous circle 录取通知书 letter of admission 录取分数线 enrollment mark 两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. 两手抓,两手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both 两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence 两院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering 两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation

两弹一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" 两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress 两个对等的政治实体 two equal political entities 流星雨 meteor shower 流动人口 transient population 流动图书馆 travelling library; bookmobile 《论语》 Analects of Confucius 《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio

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美声唱法 bel canto 免税商品 tax-free commodities 美食节 gourmet festival 免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E) 免费搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider 美国之音 Voice of America (VOA) 灭绝的物种 extinct species 玛雅文化 Mayan civilization 码分多 址 (一 种扩频 多址数 字式 通信技 术) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt 蒙古大夫 quack 马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon 马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors 马太效应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) "

马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success 马尔萨斯人口论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist) 孟子 Mencius 民事诉讼 civil procedure 民以食为天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man 民营企业 individually-run enterprises 民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " 民主监督 democratic supervision 民主集中制 democratic centralism 民办教师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or

state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) 民法通则 general provisions of the civil law 民工 migrant laborer 民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities 民间资本 private capital 民进党 Democratic Progressive Party 民族区域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities 民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture 民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission 民族意识 national consciousness 民族优越感 ethnocentrism 民族凝聚力 national cohesion 买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" 迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat 买方市场 buyer's market 买壳上市 go public through buying a shell

麦克马洪线 McMahon Line 买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction 名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth 满意度 degree of satisfaction 名优 famous actor; famous high quality brand 慢性萧条 chronic depression 门罗主义 Monroe Doctrine 门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " 门户网站 portals 门户开放政策 open-door policy 面向 21 世纪的中美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century 盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside 盲目投资 blindness in investment 茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened 矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions 冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging 帽子戏法 hat trick 贸易顺差 favorable balance; trade surplus 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development 贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit 贸易壁垒 trade protectionism 贸 易 和 投 资 自 由 化 和 便 利 化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 贸易自由化 trade liberalization 没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards. 每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away.

It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. 米袋子省长负责制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply) 明明白白消费(2000 年保护消费者权益工作主题) transparent consumption 朦胧诗 misty poetry 睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation) 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem 模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam 模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic 模糊战略(美国在台湾问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy 磨洋工 dawdle along 摩门教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 末 位 淘 汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position 莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines 谋事在人,成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. " 母系氏族社会 matriarchal clan society 幕后操纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling 目标管理 management by objectives 目标管理 management by objectives; quota management

N

扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" 农林间作 agro-forestry 农药残留 pesticide residue 农药残留物 pesticide residue 农业生态学 agricultural ecology

农业增加值 added value of agriculture 农奴制 serfdom; serf system 农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers) 农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines 农垦 agricultural reclamation 农转非 rural residents become urban residents 弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself. 女权运动 movement for women's rights 暖温带 warm temperate zone 诺亚方舟 Noah’s Ark 拿手好戏 masterpiece 泥石流 mud-rock flow 泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival 尼姆达(病毒) Nimda 男权主义思想 male chauvinism 男高音演唱家 tenorist 年利润 annual return 纳米 nanometer 纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer 纳税申报制度 tax declaration system 纳斯达克 (NASDAQ) 年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis 年夜饭 family reunion dinner 南水北调 South-to-North water diversion 南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations

耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods) 耐用消费品 durable consumer goods, consumer durables 南南合作 South-South cooperation 南北对话 North-South dialogue 难得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." 囊括 complete a sweep 内联网(计算机) Intranet 内联企业 enterprises with internal connections 内退 early retirement 涅磐(佛) nirvana 内耗 in-fighting 内环路 inner ring road 能上网的手机 WAP phone 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people 能进能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots 能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. 闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

O

欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge 欧元 Euro 欧元 Euro 欧洲委员会 European Commission 欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC) 欧洲货币 Euro-currency 欧洲货币一体化 European monetary integration 欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association)

偶像 idol

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赔了夫人又折兵, 花钱填无底洞 throw good money after bad 帕金森症 parkinsonism 派出所 local police station 潘多拉魔盒 Pandora's box 盘点 stock count; take stock of 盘活存量资产 liquidize remnant assets 棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks 批发市场 wholesale market 跑龙套 "utility man, play a bit role, general handyman" 泡妞 chase after the girls 泡沫经济 bubble economy 排外主义 exclusivism 排华政策 policy of discrimination against the Chinese 配套政策 supporting policies 配股 allotment of shares;rationed shares 配件 accessories 碰头会 "brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.) " 碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff 碰钉子 get snubbed 抛 砖 引 玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale 泼冷水 pour cold wate on the enthusiasm of; dampen the spirit of; throw a wet blanket over 泼水节 Water-Sprinkling Festival

评头论足 nit-pick 评标 bidding evaluation 扑网(体) "rush-up, rushing" 铺新摊子 launch new projects 普通高等教育 regular higher education 普选制 general election system 普遍优惠制 generalized preferential system; general system of preferences 破釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end 啤酒肚 beer belly 疲软股票 soft stock 皮包公司 bogus company 片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level 骗汇、逃汇、套汇 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage " 票贩子 "scalper, ticket tout" 票房 box office 拼图 jigsaw 贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb 贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor 平面设计师 graphic designer 平时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 "never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress" 平稳过渡 smooth transition 平抑(稳定)物价 stabilize commodity prices 平等、 互利、 互相尊重主权和领土完整 equality, mutual benefit, mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity 平等互利原则 principle of equality and mutual benefit

平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development 平衡预算 balance a budget; a balanced budget 平均主义 equalitarianism 瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions 白皮书 white paper

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青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency 轻水反应堆 light water reactor( LWR) 倾销 dump; dumping 抢跑 "false start, beat the gun" 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities 氢弹 hydrogen bomb 轻轨火车 light rail train

作者:ahiger 抢购 panic buying 切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point 情商 emotion quotient (EQ) 侨务 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad 情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to … 侨胞 countrymen residing abroad 情感消费 emotional consumption 巧妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist./ One can't make bricks without straw.

翘尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up 钦差大臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner 求大同,存小异 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones 勤政廉政建设 keep government functionaries honest and industrious 勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program 禽流感 bird flu 屈体 "jackknife, pike" 清明节 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day 清算/结算 clearing /settlement 清算银行 clearing bank 清算公司 clearing corporation; liquidation company 清产核资 asset and capital verification 清洁能源 clean energy 侵吞公款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds 洽谈会 "fair, meeting" 牵头人 initiator 千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step 千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby 千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug 千代田寿险公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co. 签约仪式 signing ceremony 钱袋子 fund sources 前事不忘,后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future. 前 人 栽 树 , 后 人 乘 凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests. One sows and another reaps. 前瞻性 perspectiveness

前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing something 欠收(农业) crop failure 强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies. 强力球(美国的全国性彩票) powerball 强强联手 win-win co-operation 强权外交 power diplomacy 强化班 intensive training class 亲民党 People First Party 区位商业 location-based commerce 区域经济 regional economies 取消禁运 lifting of embargo 圈外人士 people out of the loop 权力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots 权力法案 Bill of Rights 权益回报率 returns on equity (ROE) 权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism 全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan 全面实施以德育为核心、以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice 全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons 全球移动通信系统(全球通) global system for mobile communications (GSM) 全球变暖 global warming 全球多边贸易体系 global system of multilateral trade 全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS) 全天候 24-hour (service)

全天候飞机 all-weatehr aircraft 全优工程 all-round excellent project 全能冠军 all-around winner 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy 全 方 位 、 多 层 次 、 宽 领 域 的 对 外 开 放 格 局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern 全国人民代表大会 NPC (National People's Congress) 全国人口普查 nationwide census 全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City 全景电影 cinepanoramic 全资企业 exclusively-invested enterprises 拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster 券商 securities trader 裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence 裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence 群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely 起跑器 block 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao 骑警 horseback police 企业形象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image 企业效益 performance of enterprises 企业上市 listing of a company 企业文化 corporate culture 企业重组 reshuffle of the enterprises 企业产权 property rights of enterprises 企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises 企业孵化器 enterprise incubator 企业改制 restructuring of enterprise

企业兼并重组 annexation and reorganization of enterprises 企业集团 enterprise group 启动基金 initial funding 启发式教学 heuristic education 欺行霸市价格 forced quotation 期末存货 closing stock 期初存货 opening stock 期房 forward delivery housing 期货对冲交易 offsetting futures transactions 期货交易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business

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让利 surrender part of the profits 瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest. 人类免疫缺陷病毒 Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) 人类基因图谱 human genome 人情债 debt of gratitude 人性化管理 human-based management 人身意外保险 personal accident insurance 人身攻击 personal attack 人寿保险 life insurance 入水时水花很少 clean entry 热污染 thermal pollution 人头税 poll tax 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good. 人才流失 brain drain 人才战 competition for talented people 人才高地 talent highland

人才交流 talents exchange 人大代表 NPC member 热带雨林 tropical rain forest 热带风暴 Tropical Storm 热岛效应 tropical island effect 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man. 人浮于事 overstaffing 人浮于事 overstaff 人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI) 热核弹头 thermonuclear warhead 人海战术 huge-crowd strategy 人机交互 human-computer interaction 人际交往 human communication 人均住房 per-capita housing 入境问俗,入乡随俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do. 人口老龄化 an aging population 人口素质 quality of population 人口学 larithmics 人口出生率 birth rate 人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG) 人口过剩 overpopulation 软新闻 soft news 任意球 free kick 软盘 floppy disk 认股权证 warrant 软着陆 soft landing 弱肉强食法则 law of the jungle 日本协力银行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC) 日本右翼势力 right-wing forces in Japan

日本广播协会 NHK 日经指数 Nikkei Index 荣誉权 right of fame 融资渠道 financing channels 绕圈子 beat around the bush 燃油附加税 bunker surcharge 染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon

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(西方的)三权分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers (企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group) 360 度环幕电影 Circamara <<史记>> Shi Ji Historical Records 舍利子 Buddha's relics 世上无难事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. " 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world; 死亡率 mortality 酸雨 acid rain 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan 事业单位 public institution 摄政王 acting king; prince regent 枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project 闪电战 blitz; lightning war 死而后已 until my heart stops beating 死机 system halted 世界大学生运动会(大运会) universiade 世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

社论 editorial 社区服务 community services 社会名流 celebrity 社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors 社会效益 social effect/ results/ benefit 社会热点问题 hot spots of society 社会治安情况 public security situation 社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy 社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress 社会保障制度 social security system 社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries 社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering 市值 market capitalization 市场营销学 marketing 市场占有率 market share 市场疲软 sluggish market 市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market 市场化 marketization 市场准入 market access 市话 local calls 适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age 岁岁平安 Peace all year round 申诉权 right of petition 适销对路的产品 readily marketable products 适者生存 survival of the fittest 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy

上马 start a project 上门服务 door-to-door service 上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development 上市 to be listed

作者:ahiger 脱销 out of stock 脱氧核糖核酸 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity" 脱产 be disengaged from work; divorce oneself from one's work 脱口秀 talk show 逃税 tax evasion 陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament) 鸵鸟政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism 逃票 to sneak through without a ticket 逃票者 ticket evader 贴水 agio 铁腕人物 strongman; iron-handed person 贴现率 discount market 贴现公司 discount house 铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister 铁饭碗 iron rice bowl 铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend 厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government) 团身 bunch up the body 体育彩票 sports lotteries 团队精神 team spirit; esprit de corps 体改委 commission for economic restructuring 团结就是力量 Unity is strength.

唐老鸭 Donald Duck 替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in 推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements 唐装 Tang suit 唐装 traditional Chinese garments (clothing) 讨债公司 debt-collection company 停薪留职 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit 庭院经济 courtyard economy 抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker 台湾是中国神圣领土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the inviolable territory of China. 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots 台湾、香港、澳门保持原有的资本主义制度和生活方式长期不变 Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come. 台湾当局 the Taiwan authorities 通用汽车公司 General Motors Corporation (GM) 通票 through ticket 通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank 通关 be cleared by the customs 通货升值 currency revaluation 通货混合,鸡尾酒式货币 currency cocktail 通货回笼 withdrawal of currency in circulation 通货紧缩 deflation (of currency) 太阳浴 sun bath; insolation 太平洋舰队(美) Pacific Fleet

太空垃圾 space trash 太空步 moonwalk 同类产品 like product 同声传译 simultaneous interpretation 同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen 同业拆借 inter-bank borrowing 同步卫星 geostationary satellilte 同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification) 同等学力申请硕士学位统考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree 摊牌 put/lay one’s card on the table 摊薄每股收益 diluted earning per share 贪污腐化 corruption and degeneration 筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment 统一市场 single market 统一税 "flat tax, consolidated tax" 统一战线 united front 统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement 统筹兼顾 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall planning and all-round consideration 偷税漏税 tax evasion 偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 "tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes " 偷渡者 stowaway 偷工减料 use inferior materials and turn out sub-standed products 投手 pitcher 投诉中心 complaint center 投标 bid for; tender for 投机商号 bucket shop

投资主体 the investment subject 投资风险 investment risk 投资环境 investment environment 头寸松 credit ease 头寸紧 credit crunch; fund shortage 头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed 透明度 transparency 谈判的筹码 bargain chip 透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence 探明储量 verified deposits; verified reserves 探亲外交 family-visit diplomacy; relative-visiting diplomacy 炭疽 anthrax 套利 arbitrage 套期保值 hedge 特洛伊木马 Trojan horse 特许税 franchise tax 特色电话机 feature phone 跳蚤市场 flea market 跳棋 Chinese chequers; Chinese draughts; halma 特种债券 special bonds 特别行政区 special administrative region 特别提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold 跳槽 job-hopping 跳槽者 job-hopper 特技演员 stunt man; stand-in 踢皮球 pass the buck 跆拳道 tae kwon do “跳进黄河洗不清” "eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name "

弹性外交 elastic diplomacy 弹性工资 flexible pay 调酒师 bartender

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卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion 外卖 take-out 外卖店 take-out restaurant 外联网(计算机) extranet 外贸单证员 vouching clerk 外贸自营权 power to engage in foreign trade 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET) 卫星城 satellite town 卫星导航 satellilte navigation 外需 overseas market demand 温室气体 greenhouse gases 外税局 foreign-related tax bureau 外向型经济 export-oriented economy 外逃资本 flight capital 外滩(上海) The Bund 外债 foreign debt; external debt 外企 foreign company 温饱工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project 温饱工程 Adequate Food and Clothing Program 外层空间 outer space 歪风邪气 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena 外汇储备 foreign exchange reserve (forex reserve) 外汇管理局 Administration of Exchange Control

外汇管制 foreign exchange control 外交斡旋 diplomatic offices 外交庇护 diplomatic asylum 顽固分子 die-hard 问讯处 information office; inquiry desk 稳定物价 stabilize prices 稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority 物流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials 物以类聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together. 物业管理 estate management, property management 物质文明 material progress 物质文明建设和精神文明建设一起抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress 物种起源 origin of species 物价局 Price Bureau 我们在国际上说话是算数的 We always live up to our international commitments. 王水 aqua regia 万维网(计算机) World Wide Web(WWW) 王储,王太子 Crown Prince 汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks) 乌龙球 own goal 乌拉圭回合 Uruguay Round 挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet 往事如风 "The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past." 污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal 污染指数 pollution index 往返机票 return ticket; round-trip ticket 望子成龙 hold high hopes for one's child 屋漏又逢连阴雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours.

屋顶花园 broof garden 五保户 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food, clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses) 五金化工 metals and chemicals 五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.) 文联 literary federation 文明街道 model community 纹身 tattoo 文韬武略 military expertise; military strategy 武侠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel 文化旅游 culture-oriented travel 文化产业 culture industry 文科 liberal arts 微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives 微软公司 Micorsoft Corporation 危房 dilapidated building 违反合同 breach of contract 围垦造田 enclose tideland for cultivation; reclaim land from marshes 唯利是图 draw water to one's mill 唯一致命的弱点 Achilles' heel 维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation 伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law 伪君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing 慰安妇 comfort woman

网络摄象机 web cam 网络出版 online publishing 网络管理员 network administrator 网络化 networking 网络经济 cybereconomy 网络恐怖主义 cyberterrorism 网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen 网恋 online love affair 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 网上交易平台 online trading platform 网友 net friend 网吧 Internet bar 网虫 netter; Internet geek 网关 gateway 无力偿付的公司 insolvent corporation 无形资产 intangible assets 无形资产 intangible assets; immaterial property 无人售票 self-service ticketing 无绳来电显示电话 ordless telephone with caller ID 无土栽培 soil-less cultivation 威武之师,文明之师 mighty force and civilized force 无息贷款 interest-free loan 无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference 无线应用协议 WAP(wireless application protocol) 无源雷达 passive radar 无源之水,无本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots 无中生有 make/create something out of nothing 无风不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire. 无氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator

无公害蔬菜 "green" vegetable 业主 home owner 《围城》 A Surrounded City

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(翻译)信、达、雅 "faithfulness, expressiveness and taste" 徇私舞弊 bend the law for personal gain and engage in fraud 徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends 新秀 "up-and-coming star, rising star" 新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation 新兴市场 emerging market 新石器时代 the Neolithic Age; New Stone Age' 新宠 new favorite 新的经济增长点 new point for/ sources of economic growth 新干线 "the Shinkansen, bullet train" 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean 新婚市场(指买卖兴旺的市场) bridal market 星球大战计划 Star Wars Program 星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times 星火计划 Spark Program 行使否决权 exercise the veto 行头 theatrical costumes (and paraphernalia) 行政审批制度 administrative approval system 行政诉讼 administrative proceedings 虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes one lag behind. 虚拟网 virtual net 虚拟银行 virtual bank

虚拟存款 window-dressing deposits 虚开增值税发票 write false value added tax invoices 蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off 形式主义 formalism 形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand 形成全方位、 多层次、 宽领域的开放格局 form an all-directional, multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern 形而上学 metaphysics 刑法 penal code; criminal law 许可证制度 license granting mechanisms 性别歧视 sexual/gender discrimination 性价比 cost performance 悬而未决的问题 outstanding question 信息产业部电信管理局 Telecommunication Management Bureau of Ministry of Information Industry 信息革命 information revolution 信息港 inforport; cyber port 信息高速公路 information superhighway 信息高地 information highland 信息含量 information content 信息化 informationize 信息检索 information retrieval 信用文化 credit culture 信用危机 credit crisis 信用紧缩 credit crunch 信贷支持 credit aid 信得过产品 trustworthy product 心理素质 psychological quality 心心相印, 精神感应 telesthesia

心想事成 May all your wish come true 心照不宣 have a tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding 小型核武器 Mini-nukes 小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming 小道消息 hearsay 小而全 small and all-inclusive 小金库 a private coffer 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family 校训 school motto 校园文化 campus culture 效率优先,兼顾公平 give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness 效益农业 profitable agriculture 效益工资 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits 邪教 heathendom 斜拉索桥 stayed-cable bridge 写真集 photo album 香榭里舍大街 avenue des champs-elyses 下网 off line 下游行业 downstream industry 下载(计算机) downloading 香波 shampoo 下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...) 香格里拉 Shangri-la 香港明天更好基金会 Better Hong Kong Foundation 香港特别行政区 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR) 下岗职工 laid-off workers 下海 plunge into the commercial sea 乡统筹,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve

乡镇企业 township enterprises 闲散资金 scattered funds 先入为主 First impressions are firmly entrenched. 先下手为强 catch the ball before the bound 享乐主义 hedonism 项目立项 approve and initiate a project 项目申报 project application 项目预算 project budget 项目支持 project support 像热锅上的蚂蚁 like an ant on a hot pan 向钱看 "mammonism, put money above all" 险胜 "cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out" 嫌贫爱富 despise the poor and curry favor with the rich 销售景气指数 sales index 销项税 output tax 消费信贷 consumer credit services 消费税 consumption tax 消费者协会 consumers' association 消费者权益日 International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests 消费者物价指数 consumer price index 消费结构 pattern of consumption 吸收游资 absorb idle fund 吸收存款 deposit taking 吸取世界文明成果 assimilate the achievements of civilzations the world over 宵夜 a stoke of midnight 夏至 Summer Solstice 现身说法 warn people by taking oneself as an example 现场直播 live broadcast 现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system

现货交易 cash market transactions; spot transactions 现金流量 cash flow 稀缺经济 scarcity economy 息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters 希望工程 Hope Project 夕阳产业 sunset industry 喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear 洗礼 baptism 洗钱 money laundering 细菌战 germ war 县改市 county upgraded to city 县级市 county-level city 限制战略武器会谈 strategic arms limitation talks( SALT) 线下商贸运作 offline business operation 西气东输 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project 西部大开发 Western Development 西电东送 transmit the electricity from the western areas to East China; West-East electricity transmission project 削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START) 选美 beauty contest 选举人票 electoral vote 选举人制 electoral system 选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected 学历教育 education with record of formal schooling 学生处 students' affairs division 学生减负 alleviate the burden on students 学时 credit hours 学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career

学分 credit points 熏青鱼,转移注意力的话,证券说明书,证券销售书 a red herring 循序渐进 step by step 寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers 寻呼台 paging centers 巡航导弹 cruise missile

作者:ahiger 巡回医疗 medical tour 《信息技术协议》 ITA (Information Technology Agreement) 《西行漫记》 Red Star over China 《西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber 《西游记》 Pilgrimage to the West; Journey to the West

作者:ahiger Y

(领导人)与民众的直接对话 town hall conference/meeting (祝愿…)一路平安,一路顺风 speed somebody on their way; speed the parting guest 鹬蚌相争,渔人得利 "when the snip and the calm grapple, it is the fisherman who stands to benefit; two dogs strive for a bone, and a third runs away with it" 瑜迦 Yoga 亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议 IAELM (Informal APEC Economic Leaders' Meetings) 亚太经合组织部长级会议 AMM (APEC MinisteriaI Meeting) 亚太经合组织工商咨询理事会会议 ABAC Meeting (APEC Business Advisory Council Meeting) 亚太经合组织经济领导人会议 AELM (APEC Economic Leaders Meeting) 亚太经济合作组织 APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)

亚洲金融危机 financial crisis in Asia 亚洲开发银行 ADB(Asian Development Bank ) 亚健康 subhealthy 研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma 研究生成绩考试(美) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) 研究成果 research results 严以律己,宽以待人 be strict with oneself and lenient towards others 严打措施 "Strike-Hard"" drive " 严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities" 言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel 羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall 洋务运动 Westernization Movement 阳春(最经济方式) no-frills 眼前利益服从长远利益,局部利益服从整体利益,个人和集体利益服从国家利益 subordinate immediate interests to long-term interests, partial interests to overall interests and the interests of individuals and collectives to those of the state 演绎版 demo 压水花技术 rip entry 压线(口令) Line! 压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program 鸦片战争 Opium War 养老保险 endowment insurance 养老金 pension 养路费 road toll 沿海经济开发区 open coastal economic area 鱼米之乡 a land of milk and honey 伊斯兰抵抗运动,简称 Hamas 意外风险 emergency risk; unknown risk

意向书 letter of intent 意大利粉 spaghetti 依法治国 manage state affairs according to law; run state affairs according to law 永久正常贸易关系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR) 忧患意识 awareness of unexpected development; being prepared for unexpected development; being prepared for any eventualities 溢价 premium 溢价发行债券(以超过票面金额价发行债券) issue of bonds at a premium 有理,有利,有节 on just grounds, to one's advantage and with restraint; with good reason, with advantage and with restraint 有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律 "with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline" 有情人终成眷属 "Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well." 有钱能使鬼推磨 Money makes the mare go. Money talks. 有识之士 people of vision 有望夺金者 a gold medal hopeful 有勇无谋 use brawn rather than brain 有缘千里来相会 Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination. 有战斗力、 有说服力、 有吸引力的思想工作队伍 a contingent of militant ideological workers able to persuade and act as a magnet for others 有中国特色的社会主义民主政治 characteristics 有中国特色的社会主义道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics 有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and lawbreakers must be prosecuted. 有个奔头 have something to look forward to; have somehthing to expect 有机农业 organic agriculture 运球 dribble a socilalist democracy with Chinese

与时俱进 advance with times 运载火箭 carrier rocket 议案 bill 邮递协议 Post Office Protocol (POP) 与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market 与国际惯例接轨 become compatible with internationally accepted practices 游乐场过山车 roller coaster 犹太人定居点 Jewish settlement 语音识别 speech recognition 晕菜 numbed; dumbfounded 异地资金汇划 fund remittance between different places 游资 idle money / fund; floating capital 友好城市 sister cities 以......为龙头 with...as the leading role 以理服人 persuade through reasoning 域名(计算机) domain name (DN) 以市场为导向 market-oriented 以人为本 people oriented; people foremost 以上海浦东开发开放为龙头,进一步开放长江沿岸城市 open more cities along the Yangtze River, while concentrating on the development and opening of the Pudong Area of Shanghai 以身作则,廉洁奉公 set a good example and perform duties honestly 以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains 因特网服务提供者 Internet service provider (ISP) 以眼还眼,以牙还牙 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth 以谋略制胜 outmaneuver 音频点播 AOD (audio-on-demand) 以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 "strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of quality"

以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products 以产定人,减员增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and increase efficiency while reducing the staff 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude 因地制宜,因时制宜,因事制宜,因人制宜 suit our measures to differing conditions in terms of locality, time, issue and persons involved 因地制宜,合理分工,各展所长,优势互补,共同发展的原则 proceed in the light of local conditions and in accordance with a rational division of labor, with all the regions exploiting their own parricular advantages for mutual benefit and development 以讹传讹 incorrectly relay an erroneous message 以法治国,以德治国 to govern the country with law and moral 因果报应 karma 以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side 以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction 以空间换取时间 trade space for time 以资证明 in witness whereof; in testimony thereof 欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 "to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight." 欲速则不达 Haste does not bring success. 育龄妇女 women of child-bearing age 引渡 extradite 引进技术 introduction of foreign talents; import of foreign talents 优势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages 优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest 义务兵役制 "compulsory military service, conscription"

义务教育 compulsory education 义演 benefit performance; charity performance 义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance 优质名牌商品 famous-brand, quality products 遗传工程 genetic engineering 义和团运动 Boxer Uprising 优惠贷款 loans on favorable terms 优化结构 optimize structure 优化经济结构 optimize the economic structure 优化资源配置 optimize the allocation of resources 优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping 移动通讯 mobile communication 移动电话双向收费 two-way charges for cellular phones 摇钱树 cash cow 摇头丸 dancing outreach 印花税 stamp duty / tax 英雄所见略同 Great minds think alike. 英国文化委员会 British Council of Culture 预算外收入 extra-budgetary revenue 预算外支出 off-budget expenditure 预期寿命 life expectancy 婴儿死亡率 infant mortality rate 预防为主,谁污染谁治理和强化环境管理三大政策 three major principles for environment control: to put prevention first, to hold those who cause pollution responsible for cleaning up and to improve environmental protection and management 应试教育 examination-oriented education system 应届毕业生 this year's graduates 药物检查 "dope control, drug testing" 冤家宜解不宜结 Better make friends than make enemies.

冤假错案 "cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases" 营销管理 marketing management 元宵节 Lantern Festival 营养不良 malnutrition 营业税 turnover tax; business tax 原始资本 original capital 原油 crude oil 原产地保护 protection of place of origin 赢利能力 profitability 援藏干部 cadres sent to support/aid Tibet 野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park 影子内阁 shadow cabinet 硬通货 hard currency 硬道理 "absolute principle, top priority" 圆寂 Parinirvana 圆桌会议 round-table conference 业内人士 insider 缘分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together 远期合同 forward contract 远程办公的员工 telecommuting workers 远程教育 distance learning 远景规划 perspective long-term plan 远景计划 long-term development targets 液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD) 一揽子(计划) one-package (plan) 一揽子购买 lump-sum purchase; basket purchase 一切向钱看 money-oriented 一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓

改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption. 一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate 一线员工 worker at the production line 一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words. 一支接一支不停地抽烟 chain smoke 一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all 一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks 一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature 一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility 一帆风顺 Wishing you every success 一方有难,八方支援 When disaster struck, help came from all sides. 一个中心,两个基本点 one central task, two basic points 一国两制 "One country, two systems" 一级市场 primary market 医疗制度改革 reform of the medicare system 医疗保险 medical insurance 越境污染 trans-frontier pollution 跃居世界前列(产量) (output) leap into the front ranks of the world 易拉罐 pop can 幼稚产业 infant industries 幼稚工业 infant industry 易爆发战争的地区 war-prone areas 银行网点 bank outlets 银弹外交 money diplomacy; dollar diplomacy; "silver bullet" diplomacy

隐形牧人 invisible income; off-payroll income 隐形飞机 stealth aircraft 隐形轰炸机 stealth bomber 隐性收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money 隐性失业 recessive unemployment 隐性就业 unregistered employment 舆论导向 direction of public opinion 舆论监督 supervision by public opinion 薏米 seed of Job's tears (重要而难懂的)专门术语 buzzword ; jargon

Z

(争端解决)专家组 panel (各州推选组成的)总统选举团 electoral college (股票的)中签 win the lot for IPO (股票的)中签率 lot winning rate 糟粕 dross 涨落线 advance balance line 早恋 puppy love 早市 morning session 招商引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas) 责任编辑 editor in charge 招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants) 招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office 招标 invite a bid 招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project 招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful 招股说明书 prospectus

噪声治理 noise abatement 造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign) 造假帐 falsified accounts 振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation 振兴经济 revitalize the economy 在途资金 fund in float 在线(计算机) on-line 在线网上书店 online bookstore 争议地区 disputed area

作者:ahiger 折衷方案 a compromise proposal 在职研究生 on-job postgraduates 在职博士生 on-job doctorate 再贷款 re-lending; subloan 争端解决机构 dispute settlement body 在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator) 折旧费 depreciation charge 再就业服务中心 re-employment service center 再就业工程 re-employment project / program 在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words 正式照会 formal note 正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude 渣打银行 The Chartered Bank 掌上电脑 palm computer 真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty 珍稀濒危植物 rare or endangered species 珍爱之人或物 apple of one's eyes 真空包装 vacuum packing

灾民 flood victims; flood-stricken people 增强人民体质 build up people's health 增值税 value added tax(VAT) 增发股票 increase issues in stocks 增加信任,减少麻烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation 斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast 债台高筑 become debt-ridden 债转股 debt-to-equity swap 沾光 benefit from one's association 占便宜 profit at others' expense 占着茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger 战略防御计划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) 战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership 战俘 prisoner of war (POW) 战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp 战斧式巡航导弹 Tomahawk cruise missile 站台票 platform ticket 站票 standing-room-only ticket 站得住脚 hold water 宰人 rip off 宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers 载人卫星 manned satellite 政务公开 make government affairs public 政 企 不 分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up 政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management 政治协商、民主监督、参政议政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs

政治体制改革 political restructuring 政治迫害 political prosecution; witch hunt 政治合格, 军事过硬, 作风优良, 纪律严明, 保障有力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support" 政策性贷款 policy-based lending; policy-related loan 政策性亏损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions 政策性住房 "policy-related house, policy-based house" 政策银行 policy banks 政策组合 policy mix 政法委 politics and law committee 政改方案(英国对香港) constitutional package 政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government 政府上网工程 Government Online Project 政府贴息贷款 discount government loans 政府特殊津贴获得者 winner of special government allowance 政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions 政府采购 government procurement 政府搭台, 部门推动, 企业唱戏 "Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show. " 政府干预 government intervention 赃款赃物 proceeds of crime 致命要害 Achilles' heel 掷钱猜先 toss 智力引进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents 智力支持 intellectual support 智商 intelligence quotient (IQ) 智囊团、思想库 the brain trust;think tank 中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other

中立国 neutralized state 中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone 中型商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets 中心环节 key link 中日友好四项原则: 和平友好,平等互利,互相信赖,长期稳定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability 中式快餐 Chinese fast food 中山装 Chinese tunic suit 中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system 中央领导集体 central collective leadership 中央商务区 central business district (CBD) 中央统战部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee 中央大型企业工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises 中央国家机关 China's State organs 中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC 中央经济工作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference 中央综治委“严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security. 中药 traditional Chinese medicine 中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile 中东和平进程 the Middle East peace process 中国新闻出版报社 China Press and Publication News 中国新经济峰会 China New Economy Summit 中国预防医学科学院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine 中国证监会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission 中国出口商品交易会(广交会) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair) 中国工程院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering 中国结 Chinese knot

中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic Monitoring Center 中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park 中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument 中华人民共和国渔政渔港监督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC 中华医学会 Chinese Medical Association 中介 intermediary agent 中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student 质量认证体系认证证书 certificate of the system of quality certification 质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass 质量管理 quality control 珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma 治 理 整 顿 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification 滞销商品 unmarketable goods 滞后影响 lagged effect 终身职务制 life-long tenure 终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval 终点控制区 terminal control area 终端服务器 terminal server 众矢之的 target of public criticism 助跑 "approach run, run-up" 众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison. 制止外汇流失 prevent foreign exchange flight 制海权 command of the sea 制空权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination 种植业 crop farming 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange

证券化 securitisation 证券监督管理委员会 securities supervision commission 支原体 mycoplasma 支柱产业 pillar / cornerstone industry 支付能力 payment capacity 知识密集 knowledge-intensive 知识产权 intellectual property 知识就是力量 Knowledge is power. 知识经济 knowledge-based economy 知识经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy 知识转让 transfer of knowledge 知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat. 职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty 职业培训 job training 职业高中(职高) vocational high school 职业介绍所 career service center; job center 职业经理人 professional manager 职能转换 transformation of functions 职称 professional title 直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale 直辖市 municipality directly under the Central Government 直播 "live broadcast, live telecast" 直接三通与双向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges 直接选举 direct election 植物人 human vegetable; vegetable 植物群落 plant community 执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer

只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM) 纸上谈兵 be an armchair strategist 纸包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later. 重点发展 prioritize 重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words 重合同、守信用的原则 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation“ 洲际弹道导弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles 主渠道 main channel 主体思想 (DPRK) Juche Idea 主体经济 the mainstay of the economy 主页 home page 主板市场 main board of the stock market 主持人 anchorperson 《中美三个联合公报》 The Three Sino-US Joint Communiqué 《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests 《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror (美国)中下层南方共和党人 pickup-truck Republican (农产品)综合支持量 AMS (Aggregate Measurement of Support) 藏学 Tibetology 朝阳产业 sunrise industry 组委会 organizing committee 资源优化配置 most optimum distribution of resources 资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources 资本利润率 rate of return on capital 资本外逃 capital flight 资本额过多 overcapalisation 资产重组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization

资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company 资 产 保 值 增 值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value 资产调控 assets control 资产负债表 balance sheet 资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization 资不抵债 insolvency 资金到位 fully funded (project) 资金汇划 fund remittance and transfer 资金划拨 capital allocation 最终用户 end user 最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) 最初谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) 最低生活保证制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living 最低工资保障制度 minimum wage guarantee system 最惠国待遇 most-favored-nation status 遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties 自律机制 the self-discipline system 左倾 pinko 自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone 自然耗损 natural wearing 自然资源保护区 natural resource protection areas 自我保护意识 self-protection awareness 自学成才 become well-educated through self-study 自学考试 self-taught examination 自由贸易区 free-trade zone 自由流通 free flow 自由职业者 professionals

自由港 free-trade port,free port 自由竞争 free competition 左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place 自营 self-run 自营性存款 self-operating deposit 自治权 right ti autonomy; autonomy 自助银行 self-help bank 自 主 经 营 , 自 负 盈 亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses 自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM) 自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense 自发罢工,野猫式罢工(未经工会批准的罢工) wildcat strikes 自足经济 self-sufficient economy 自作自受 stew in one’s own juice 综合授信 comprehensive credit line 综合整治 comprehensive improvement 综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) 综合治理 comprehensive treatment 综合指数 composite index 综合国力 comprehensive national strength 综合经济效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results 总裁助理 assistant president 总经理负责制 general manager responsibility system 祖传 handed down from one's ancestors 祖国和平统一大业 peaceful reunification of the motherland 住宅小区 residence community 住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments) 住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution allocation

注册会计师 certificated public accountant (CPA) 注册资本 registered capital 驻港部队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong 抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves 抓 大 放 小 , 三 改 一 加 强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones 抓住机遇 seize the opportunity 抓住机遇,深化改革,扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store 专门人才 professional personnel; special talents 专门的营销机构 market boards 专属经济区 exclusive economic zone 专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study 专题报道 special coverage 专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization 专业化经营 specialized operation 专访 exclusive interview 转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy 转体 truck rotation, turn, twist 转业 transferred to civilian work 转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking 转轨经济 economies in transition; transition economy

转基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) 转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food) 转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms 撞线 breast the tape 追星族 star fan; groupie 追平 produce the equalizer 追潮族 fashion follower 追车族 auto fan 追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development 追究责任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies 准上市公司 pro-listed companies 准备金 reserve fund; capital reserves 准博士 all but dissertation (ABD) 走上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress 走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to " 走过场 go through the motions 走后门 get in by the back door


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