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【金版教程】2017届英语人教版一轮复习教案:必修2 unit 1 Word版含解析全面版

●第一部分,教材复习必修 2●
[话题素材——文化遗产] 好词 1.cultural adj. 文化的 2.civilized adj. 文明的 3.ancientadj. 古代的 4.survivevi. 幸存;幸免 5.valuableadj. 有价值的;贵重的 6.attract_one's_attention 吸引某人的注意力 7.be located in 坐落于;位于 8.in_a_fancy_style 用奇特的风格 9.take_apart 分开;拆散 10.be worthy of being done 值得做…… 11.such_an_amazing_history 如此惊人的历史 12.in_return_for 作为对……的回报 13.date_back_to/date_from 追溯到…… 14.great wonders of the world 世界上的伟大奇迹 15.It is universally acknowledged that... 众所周知…… 佳句 1.Cultural heritage is of_great_value and protecting it can make us feel_proud_of our nation. 文化遗产价值连城,保护文化遗产会使我们为自己的民族感到自豪。 2 . It_is_reported_that the Guangdong government pays_special_attention_to protecting Chaoju, a local drama born_in_Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province. 据报道,广东政府特别关注保护潮剧,潮剧是诞生在广东省东部潮州的一个剧种。 3.The_more they know about the importance of culture protection, the_stronger support we can get from the public. 他们对文化保护的重要性知道的越多,我们得到公众的支持就会越强大。
[精美语篇] Dear sir,
I am writing to you today to share my thoughts about the Old Summer Palace. After showing my friend Jack around the park, I am deeply impressed by the historical site, which is definitely the greatest symbol of our ancient civilization. In terms of preserving history and learning more

about ancient culture, such kind of historical sites is of great value. Unfortunately, throughout history, it has been damaged due to a variety of reasons, such as
natural forces, wars, theft and so on. Worse still, tourists nowadays are doing damage to the Old Summer Palace either unintentionally or deliberately while they are walking around the site.
As a student, I strongly feel that it is urgent for our government to take measures to protect it. First of all, a special committee should be established to ensure all the work to be carried out smoothly. In addition, some sculptures and statues should be moved indoors to avoid being damaged by natural things. Only by doing these will we be able to enjoy these historical sites for generations to come.
Looking forward to your actions. Yours sincerely, ×××
高频单词 1.design (n.) 设计;图案;构思 (vt.) 设计;计划;构思 2.remove (vt.) 移动;搬开 3.worth (prep.) 值得的;相当于……的价值 (n.) 价值;作用 4.survive (v.) 幸免(于);幸存;比……活得长;生还→survival (n.) 生存;幸存→survivor (n.) 幸存者 5.amaze (vt.) 使吃惊;惊讶→amazing (adj.) 令人吃惊的→amazed (adj.) 吃惊的 →amazement (n.) 惊奇 6.select (vt.) 挑选;选择→selection (n.) 选择;选拔 7.doubt (n.) 怀疑;疑惑 (vt.) 怀疑;不信→doubtful (adj.)怀疑的 8.evidence (n.) 根据;证据→evident (adj.) 明显的;清楚的 9.fancy (adj.) 奇特的;异样的 (vt.) 想象;设想;爱好 10.local (adj.) 本地的;当地的 11.sink (vi.) 下沉;沉下 12.debate (n.) 争论;辩论 (vi.) 争论;辩论 13.valuable (adj.) 贵重的;有价值的→value (n. & vt.) 价值;重视→invaluable (adj.) 极 有用的;极宝贵的 14.decorate (v.) 装饰;装修→decoration (n.) 装饰品;装饰 15.explode (vi.) 爆炸→explosion (n.) 爆炸 16.informal (adj.) 非正式的→formal (反义词) 正式的
重点短语 1.belong_to 属于 2.in_return 作为报答;回报 3.at_war 处于交战状态 4.take_apart 拆开 5.rather_than 而不是

6.in_search_of 寻找 7.serve_as 充当;起作用 8.less_than 少于 9.think_highly_of 看重;器重 10.develop_an_interest_in... 培养对……的兴趣
热点句型 1.could not/never have done“(过去)不可能做……” Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could_never_have_imagined (绝不可能想到) that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.(教材 P1) 2.This is /was a time when...“这是一个……的时期/时候” This_was_a_time_when the two countries were at war.(教材 P2) 当时正处于两国交战的时期。 3.There is no doubt that...“毫无疑问……” There_is_no_doubt_that (毫无疑问)the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.(教材 P2) 4.what 引导名词性从句 After that, what_happened (所发生的一切)to the Amber Room remains a mystery.(教材 P2) 5.疑问词+不定式 In a trial, a judge must decide which_eyewitnesses_to_believe_and_which_not_to_believe (哪些证人可信,哪些不可信). (教材 P5) 6.nor 位于句首引起的部分倒装句型 Nor_do_I_think (我也不认为)they should give it to any government.(教材 P7)
教材复现 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 1.It was also a treasure ________ (decorate) with gold and jewels, ________ took the country's best artists about ten years to make. 答案:decorated; which 第一空考查过去分词作定语,decorate 与 treasure 之间为动宾 关系,故填过去分词表被动;第二空考查非限制性定语从句,从句中缺主语且先行词是物, 故填 which。 2.Although the Amber Room ________ (consider) one of the ________ (wonder) of the world, it is now missing. 答案:was considered; wonders 第一空考查动词语态和时态,consider(认为)与 the Amber Room 之间为动宾关系,且叙述过去的事,故用一般过去时的被动语态;第二空考查“one of the + n.(复)”。 3.________ April 1945 I heard something explode ________ midnight. 答案:In; at 第一空考查介词用法,月份前应用 in;第二空考查固定搭配“at midnight” 意为“在午夜”。 4. This kind of information ________ (call) evidence. 答案:is called 考查被动语态。

5.________ (late), Catherine Ⅱ had the Amber Room ________ (move) to a palace outside St Petersburg ________ she spent her summers.
答案:Later; moved; where 第一空考查词形转换,later“后来”;第二空考查“have +宾语+宾补”结构,move 与宾语之间为被动关系;第三空考查定语从句,从句中不缺主 语和宾语,先行词表地点。
6.He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, ________ must be facts rather than opinions.
答案:which 考查定语从句。which 引导非限制性定语从句。 7.An opinion is ________ someone believes is true but has not been proved. 答案:what 考查表语从句。从句中缺少主语且意为“……的事”,故填 what。 8.________ my surprise the entrance ________ the mine was closed. 答案:To; to 第一空考查“to one's surprise”;第二空考查“entrance to...”表示“……的入 口”。 9.It can be proved ________ China has more people ________ any other country in the world. 答案:that; than 第一空考查主语从句,it 为形式主语,that 引导主语从句;第二空根 据 more 可知填 than,表比较。 10. So I think that those ________ find the Amber Room should decide ________to do with it. 答案:who; what 第一空考查定语从句,先行词指人;第二空考查“疑问词+to do” 结构,根据语意填 what。
1survivevt.比……活得长;幸免于;从(困境等中)挺过来 vi.幸免;幸存;生还
Is it enough to have survived for a long time?(P1) 只是存在的时间长就足够了吗?
(1)A survive B (by...)A 比 B 活得长…… survive sth.幸免于;从……中挺过来/活过来 survive on 依靠……生存下来 survive from 从……存活下来;流传下来 (2)survivorn.幸存者 survivaln.[U]幸存;[C]残存物 ①[2015·福建高考]Human life is regarded as part of nature and, as such, the only way for_us_to_survive is to live in harmony with nature. 人类生活是大自然的一部分,就这一点儿而论,我们生存下来的唯一方法就是与大自然 和谐相处。

②[2015·北京高考]Nicholas might_not_have_survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV.
尼古拉斯要不是因为电视的话,很可能活不过这次暴风雪。 ③[2014·湖北高考]Having_survived_that_night,_we were confident that everything else would be all right. 熬过那一夜,我们坚信一切都会好起来。 ④[必背佳句]The couple survived the accident, but nobody knew how they survived. Finally he survived his wife by ten years. 这对夫妇在这场事故中幸免于难,但是没有人知道他们是如何幸免于难的。最后他比他 的妻子多活了 10 年。 2designn.& v.设计;图案;构思;计划
The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.(P1) 琥珀屋的设计采用了当时很流行的奇特建筑式样。
(1)design sb. /sth. to_do sth.打算让……从事…… design sth. for sb.为……设计…… be designed for sth./sb.为……而设计 be designed to_do sth.目的在于;为了 be designed as 打算做……用 (2)by design=on_purpose 有意地;故意地 (3)designer n.设计者;构思者 ①[2015·课标全国卷Ⅱ]Experts say the way you design_your_home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off. 专家说你设计房间的方式可能在你变胖或变瘦方面起到一定的作用。 ② [2015·上 海 高 考 ]C?té (2002) defines deliberate play activities in sport as those designed_to maximize enjoyment. 科特把体育运动中的故意玩活动定义为那些专门设计为最大化快乐的活动。 ③The house designed_for the refugees in the earthquake have already been completed. 专门为地震中的难民设计的房屋已经竣工。 ④[必背佳句]She arrived just as we were leaving, but whether this was by accident or by_design I'm not sure. 她刚好在我们正要离开时到达,但我不能肯定这是出于偶然还是故意。 3fancyadj.奇特的;异样的 vt.想象;设想;爱好 n.空想;幻想;爱好
The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.(P1) 琥珀屋的设计采用了当时很流行的奇特建筑式样。
fancy...to be/as... 认为……是……

fancy (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做某事 have a fancy for sth. 喜欢某事物 catch/take sb.'s fancy 合某人的心意;吸引某人 take_a_fancy_to_sb./sth. 喜欢上/爱上某人/物 ①[2015·湖南高考]As soon as someone spotted the boat, everyone would do last-minute tidying and change into fancy clothes. 当有人发现船后,大家马上整理并换上奇特的服装。 ②Can you fancy a 8-year-old boy swimming_across the river? 你能想象一个 8 岁的男孩游过这条河吗? ③I think Sam really took_a_fancy_to you. 我想萨姆真地爱上了你。 4removevt.移动;搬开 vi.迁居,搬家
...the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room.(P2)
……俄罗斯人只能把琥珀屋里的一些家具和小件艺术品搬走。
remove sth. from sp.把……从……搬走(移开) remove sb. from sth.把某人从……职位免职 remove from... to...从……搬到…… remove sb. from school 开除某人;勒令某人退学 remove one's doubt/trouble 消除某人的疑虑/烦恼 ①[2015·天津高考]When neither of these methods removed the static noise, I would sit helplessly and wait for the noise to go away. 当两种方法都不能清除静电噪音时,我总会无助地坐着,等着噪音自行消失。 ②写出下列句子中 remove 的含义 a.If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not notice.________ b.He removed his jacket when he arrived home.________ c.He was severely criticized and removed from his post. ________ d.The agreement removes the last serious obstacle to the signing of the treaty.________ e.Three children were removed from the school for bad behaviors.________ 答案:a.拿走 b.脱掉 C.撤职 d.消除 e.开除 ③[必背佳句]Realizing her mom must be very tired after a day's work, the girl helps to remove the bag from her shoulder. 意识到妈妈工作一天后肯定累了,小女孩帮助妈妈把包从肩上拿下来。 图解助记

5worthadj.值得;相当于……的价值 n.价值;作用 Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or Yuan Ming Yuan in Beijing?(P2) 重建失去的文化遗产,如琥珀屋或北京的圆明园,是否值得?
①[2015·浙江高考]Good opinions are worth sticking_to because they can benefit us all. 好的观点值得坚持,因为这些观点使我们受益。 ②The article referred to by our professor is well_worth_reading,_but it is not worthy of_being_translated/to_be_translated. 这篇由教授提及的文章很值得一读,但不值得翻译。 ③[必背佳句]It will strengthen their faith in life by convincing them that their life goal is_worth_trying. 通过使他们相信人生目标是值得尝试的能增强他们人生的信念。 -名师点睛- worth 一般只作表语,可用程度词 well 修饰;而 worthy 和 worthwhile 既可作表语又可 作定语。
过关演练 单句语法填空

在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 1.It was ________ (evidence) that all the proofs we collected proved him to be guilty. 答案:evident 考查词形转换。系动词后应为形容词,故填 evident。 2.[2015·陕西高考]Luck plays a vital role in Judy's ________ (survive). 答案:survival 考查词形转换。由空格前的 Judy's 可知应填名词形式。 3.With the Internet use ________ (explode) in the world, companies like Yahoo and Google are hunting harder for deals. 答案:exploding 考查 with 的复合结构。explode 与 Internet use 之间为主动关系,故填 exploding。 4.The world is a play that would not be worth ________ (see) if we knew the plot. 答案:seeing 考查“be worth doing”的用法,doing 要用主动形式表被动。 5.Although the Eiffel Tower ________ (design) to last for 20 years, it is still standing today. 答案:was designed 考查时态和语态。design 与 the Eiffel Tower 之间为动宾关系,且 根据时间状语为过去发生的事。 6.The vase has so ________ (amaze) a story that nobody cares about its beauty. 答案:amazing 考查词形转换。“so+adj.+a(n)+n.”表示“如此令人惊讶的……”。 7.We shouldn't be too crazy about learning English, but it is also too extreme to remove English ________ college entrance exams. 答案:from 考查固定短语“remove...from...”意为“把……从……移走”。 8.There is some evidence ________ he is involved in the case. 答案:that 考查同位语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,且语意完整,故填 that。

9.Don't you think that's a good sort of software worthy of ________ (download) to help with your English.
答案:being downloaded 考查“be worthy of being done”结构。 10.Some strange customs have survived ________ earlier times. 答案:from 考查固定短语 survive from“流传下来”。

1in search of 寻找;搜寻;寻求
IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM(P1) 寻找琥珀屋

(1)in one's search for 寻找

(2)search sth./sb.搜查某物或搜身

search for=look for 寻找

search...for...为找到……而搜查……

(3)常见的“in+名词+of”短语有:

in_memory_of 为了纪念……

in_favour_of 支持,赞同

in_honour_of 为了纪念;为向……表示敬意

in_need_of 需要

in_charge_of 掌管;负责

in_possession_of 拥有……

①[2014·北京高考]A department store has even opened a new lab, inviting customers on a

journey into the store's windows to smell books, pots and drawers, in_search_of their perfect

scent. 一家百货公司甚至开了一个新的实验室,邀请顾客去商场橱窗里闻书、罐子和抽屉以寻

找他们最爱的味道。

②The baby asks for attention by crying and searching_for food with its mouth.

婴儿通过哭闹、用嘴巴寻找食物来引起注意。

易混辨析

in search of

为介词短语,表示“寻找”时,在句中可作状语、定语、表语、宾语补 足语等,也可用 in a/the/one's search for 来替换

search

作及物动词表“搜查”,宾语可以是人,意为“对某人进行搜身”,如 果宾语是表地点的名词,则意为“搜查某个地方”

search for

意为“搜寻”,常指花费很大的力气去寻找某个特定的人或物,相当于 look for

search... for...

意为“为寻找……而搜查……”

③[一言辨异]Some policemen were_searching one robber _for more evidence; others were

searching_for another robber and the local people were in_search_of the things they had lost. 有些警察为了找到更多的证据正在搜查其中一个抢劫犯;另外一些警察正在寻找另外一
个抢劫犯;当地人正在寻找他们丢失的东西。 -名师点睛- 名词 search 前有 the,a 或 one's 等限定词时,介词常用 for; in search of 结构中 search 前
不带任何限定词。search 作动词用时,search 的宾语是指搜查的范围,可以是人、物或地点; 而搜寻要找的人或物时,要加介词 for。
2belong to 属于;为……的一员
However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William I, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it.(P2)
然而,下一位普鲁士国王,腓特烈·威廉一世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。
(1)belong to 表示“属于”,不能用于进行时态和被动语态,作后置定语时,常用现在 分词,有类似用法的还包括:date back to/date from(追溯到),consist of(由……组成)
(2)belong vi.“适合待在某处,放在某处”,没有含被动意味的过去分词的用法 (3)belongingsn.财产;所有物;相关事物 ①[2015·广东高考]A recent study of public opinion shows that in modern Britain most people belong_to middle class. 最近一项公众调查表明在现代英国大部分属于中等阶级。 ②After getting off, please check whether your belongings are left on the drifting boat. 下船后,请大家检查一下自己的物品是否落在了漂流艇上。 ③[必背佳句]All the workers belonging_to the factory must obey the rule. 这个工厂的所有员工必须遵守这个规定。 3in return 作为报答;回报
In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers.(P2) 作为回报,沙皇送给他一队自己最好的士兵。
(1)in return for 作为对……的回报 return...for...以……回报…… return like for like 以牙还牙 (2)in turn 依次;反过来 by turns 轮流;时而……时而…… ①[2014·江 苏 高 考 ]_In_return,_however, this passage will help you to think like an economist... 然而,作为回报,这篇文章将帮助你像一名经济学家一样思考…… ②He wanted to do something in_return_for the kindness that she offered him. 他想做点什么事来酬谢她的好意。

③[必背佳句]He spends too much time on maths, and this in_turn affects the progress of his other subjects.
他花费大量时间学数学,这反过来影响了其它学科的进步。 图解助记
过关演练 选词填空 less than; belong to; in search of; in return; think highly of; take apart; at war; serve as; to one's surprise; by design 1.It is well-known that cultural relics ________ the human begings rather than individuals. 答案:belong to 2.[2015·课标全国卷Ⅰ]Remember that you can expect the best ________. 答案:in return 3.The country has been ________ with its neighbors for more than two years. Every one in the country is really anxious for peace. 答案:at war 4.Young as the boy is, he is able to ________ the toy car and put it together again. 答案:take apart 5.The rescue workers removed the bricks and stones with bare hands ________ any survivor in the earthquake. 答案:in search of 6.It happened-whether by accident or________-that the two of them were left alone. 答案:by design 7.[2015·湖北高考]From this experience I have learnt that questioning can ________ a bridge that helps us to seek the truth. 答案:serve as 8.A college classmate of mine, Tim, was an excellent football player, even though he weighed much ________ the average player. 答案:less than 9.[2015·陕西高考]________, Asian-American parents whose kids are doing so well in school hardly involved. 答案:To our surprise 10.The film ________ and soon became a hit. 答案:was highly thought of

1Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, _could_never_have_imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.(P2)
普鲁士国王威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的 历史。
在句中 could have done sth.表示对过去情况的推测,意为“某人可能做过某事”。该结 构还表示与过去事实相反的假设,意为“本来能够去做某事却没有做”。有类似用法的结构 还有:
must have done sth. 过去一定做过某事 might have done sth.过去可能做过某事;本能够做某事 should have done sth.过去应该做过某事;本应该做某事 needn't have done sth.本没必要做某事 ought to have done sth.本该做某事 would have done 过去本来会做某事 语境助记 ①[2015·湖南高考]When the music started, the room was filled with the most beautiful tones and musical colors I could_have_ever_imagined. 当音乐响起时,整个房间充满了我可以想象得到的美妙的音符和音色。 ②[2014·重庆高考]The room was filled with anger. We couldn't_have_stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. 房间里充满了怒气,我们除了打个电话外,不可能待在一起,哪怕是一分钟。 ③You could_have_done_better,_but you were too careless. 你本能够做得更好,但你太粗心了。 2There_is_no_doubt_that the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.(P2) 毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时它是波罗的海海边的一个德国 城市。
(1)There is no doubt that...为固定句型,意为“毫无疑问……”,that 后面的从句为同位 语从句,说明 doubt 的内容。
(2)类似的句型结构有:

It is no use/no good/no need doing sth.做某事没有用处/好处/必要 It is no wonder that...(=No wonder that...) 难怪;怪不得……

语境助记 ①[2015·安徽高考]This doesn't mean we are becoming either more or less intelligence, but there_is_no_doubt_that the way we use memory is changing. 这并非是我们的智力发生了变化,毫无疑问是我们使用记忆的方式正在发生改变。 ②[2015·北京高考]No_doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek. 毫无疑问他根本不知道他在说希腊语。 ③[必背佳句]There is a possibility that the company will suffer a great loss this month. 这家公司本月很可能遭受巨大损失。 ④There_is_no_point_(in) arguing with him about it. 与他争论这事没有任何意义。 -名师点睛- (1)当名词 doubt 用在否定句中时,后面接 that 引导的同位语从句;用在肯定句中时,后 面接 whether 引导的同位语从句。注意不可以用 if 替换 whether。 (2)及物动词 doubt 后接名词、代词或宾语从句。在否定句和疑问句中,doubt 后面接 that 引导的宾语从句;在肯定句中,doubt 后面一般接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。例如: You doubted whether/if such unselfish love would happen in today's world. 你怀疑这种无私的关爱在今天的社会中是否还会发生。 3In a trial, a judge must decide which_eyewitnesses_to_believe and which_not_to_believe. (P5) 在审判中,法官必须断定哪些目击者的话可以相信,哪些不可以相信。
“疑问词+不定式”结构可在句中作主语、宾语、表语等。 (1)在“疑问词+不定式”结构中,不定式必须用主动式而不能用被动式。 (2)why 后加不定式时,不定式省略符号 to。 (3)whether 后可接不定式,而 if 不可。 语境助记 ①[2015·浙江高考]From the teacher's point of view, children should be left to decide what_to_read_and_how_to_read. 从教师的观点来看,应该由孩子来决定读什么和怎么读。 ②[2015·安 徽 高 考 ]The researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where_to_find the information on the Internet. 研究者给人们一些事实去记,并告知他们在互联网上什么地方找到这些信息。 ③[必背佳句]When_and_where_to_go_on_an_outing hasn't been decided. 何时何地去郊游还没有决定。 -名师点睛- “疑问代词(who, which 除外)”后面须跟“及物动词”;若是不及物动词,后面须跟相应 的介词。“疑问副词”后可以接“不及物动词”;若接“及物动词”,动词不定式须有自己 的宾语。 ④Today's English learners have a wide choice of dictionaries from_which_to_choose.

当今,英语学习者有各种各样的词典可供选择。 过关演练
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词) 1.There is still some doubt ________the autumn sports meeting will be held in our school, but there is no doubt ________it will be held soon after our National Day holiday. 答案:whether;that 第一空为 whether 引导同位语从句,不能用 if;第二空为 There is no doubt that 结构。 2.[2015·安徽高考]People are learning ________ to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it. 答案:how 考查“疑问词+to do”结构,根据语意可知此处填 how。 3.It's reported that eight policemen were sent to the forest in search ________ the missing boy. 答案:of 考查固定短语,in search of 意为“搜寻”。 4.The parents didn't tolerate their kids' rudeness at the party, ________ did they allow themselves to be disobeyed. 答案:neither/nor 考查“neither/nor+助动词+主语”句式,表示与上文否定的情况相 同。 5.-Sorry, Professor Smith: I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. -Oh, you ________ have done it as yesterday was the deadline. 答案:should 考查“should have done”表示“本应该做而未做”。 Ⅱ.完成句子 1.Tom is a stubborn boy, so it is no use ________. 汤姆是一个顽固的孩子,所以与他争辩是没用的。 答案:debating with him 2.________among the workers is still a question. 这些工人之间如何分工仍是一个问题。 答案:How to divide labor 3.He has been busy painting the house. ________________________________________________________ 他一直在刷房子,难怪他看来这么累。 答案:No wonder he looks so tired
限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句
定语从句的种类 定语从句根据其与主句关系的密切程度可以分为限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句 两种。
定语从句的定义

1.限制性定语从句:限制性定语从句是先行词在意义上不可缺少的定语,用于修饰和 限定先行词。如果去掉,主句的意思就不完整或失去意义。书写时不用逗号与主句分开。
This is the MP4 that/which I bought for my daughter yesterday. 这是我昨天为女儿买的 MP4。 The old town has narrow streets and small houses that are built close to each other. 这座古老的城镇街道狭窄,小房子挨得很近。 2.非限制性定语从句:非限制性定语从句和主句的关系不是十分密切,它只是对先行 词或主句作附加或补充性的说明,不起限制作用,如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚完整。这 类定语从句在书写时,大多用逗号与主句分开。非限制性定语从句中的关系代词不可省略。 He passed the exam, which surprised his parents. 他通过了考试,这使他的父母很吃惊。
过关演练 单句语法填空 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词) 1.[2015·福建高考]China Today attracts a worldwide readership, ________shows that more and more people all over the world want to learn about China. 答案:which 考查非限制性定语从句。从句中缺少主语,且先行词指上文,故填 which。 2.[2015·北京高考]Opposite is St Paul's Church, ________ you can hear some lovely music. 答案:where 考查定语从句。从句中不缺少主语和宾语,先行词指地点,因此填 where。 3.They have won their last three matches, ________ I find a bit surprising actually. 答案:which 考查非限制性定语从句。从句中缺少宾语,且先行词指事,故填 which。 4 . [2015·天 津 高 考 ]The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere________his employees enjoy their work. 答案:where 考查定语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,且先行词表示地点,故填 where。 5.[2015·陕西高考]As the smallest child of his family, Alex is always longing for the time________he should be able to be independent. 答案:when 考查限制性定语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,且先行词表时间,故填 when。
选择朋友要经过周密考察,要经过命运的考验,不论是对其意志力还是理解力都应事先检验,看其是否值得信赖。此乃人生成败之关键,但世人对此很少费心。虽然多管闲事也能带来友谊, 但大多数友谊则纯靠机遇。人们根据你的朋友判断你的为人:智者永远不与愚者为伍。乐与某人为伍,并不表示他是知已。有时我们对一个人的才华没有信心,但仍能高度评价他的幽默感。 有的友谊不够纯洁,但能带来快乐;有些友谊真挚,其内涵丰富,并能孕育成功。一位朋友的见识比多人的祝福可贵得多。所以朋友要精心挑选,而不是随意结交。聪明的朋友则会驱散忧愁, 而愚蠢的朋友会聚集忧患。此外,若想让友谊地久天长。这需要技巧和判断力。有的朋友需近处,有的则需远交。不善言谈的朋友可能擅长写信。距离能净化近在身边无法容忍的缺陷。交友 不宜只图快乐,也要讲求实用。一位朋友等于一切。世间任一美好事物的三大特点,友谊兼而有之:真、善、专一。良友难遇,如不挑选则更难求。保住老朋友,比结交新朋友更重要。交友 当寻可长久之友,如得其人,今日之新交,他年自成老友。最好的朋友是那些历久常新,能与之共享生活体验者。没有朋友的人生是一片荒原。友谊使欢乐加倍,痛苦减半;它是应对厄运的 不二良方,是可以滋润心田的美酒。